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f SOUTHERN PRESS WASHINGTON CITY SATURDAV, JUNK 19, ist)? ( uolMillvii. This m tli? era of consolidation. The civilized world is divided into three great empires? Russia, Ureat liritain and the United States. The lust is not numerically equal to France or Austria, but in wealth, energy And territory, is far superior. France has reached that period of moral decrepitude at which her population is almost stationary. Austria is nearly in the saute condition?and both ure involved in deep financial embarrassment. Russia is increasing in population, and in political importance, and is financially independent. England increases in population at home at the rate of about one per * nAfwUKotan^innf ih? inifllMliae COIll, annum, u?i t, .W.O? . tide of emigration from her shores to this country and her colonies. And she is still going on in her East Indian career of acquisition, being now engaged in the dismemberment of the Bur mese empire. She is ulso pressing on Central America, and on Africa. The recent financial changes in the world, resulting from the enormous production of g<>ld in California and Australia, are operating favorably to Great Britain. Her public debt amounts to about four thousand millions of dollars, and the interest is three per cent.?or one hundred and twenty millions ot dollars per annum. Bui the market rate of interest is declining. If nothing occurs to urrest the present tendency of the money murket, it will soon be in her power to reduce the rate of interest on her public debt to two and a half per cent., which would amount in effect to a reduction of the public debt one-sixth?the difference between three and two and u half per cent.? lor Great Britain has adopted the wise policy of reserving the privilege of paying her public debt ut pleasure. Hence, if she could obtain ' par for new bonds at two and u half per cent., she could pay off the old at three. This would operate in favor of her tax-paying population, and against the tax-receiving?the bond holders'who are the wealthier class?and would reduce the inequality between the two. If we consider the present and prospective condition of Russia, Great Britain and the United States, we will perceive that there never was at any former period any universal empire with moral or physical power equal to cither. And it is remarkable that the seat ol power in the three great empires of modem times is far awny and beyond the centre of the ancient universal empires. Then America was unknown?Britain a contemptible isle of naked barbarians, and Russia a desert waste of snows ana savages. The existence of a single great and formidable power tends to the consolidation and aggregation of other States for self defence. The existence now of several not only does this, but promotes the principle of consolidation in each of them. For the enormous expansion of commerce, and rapidity of transit, makes them neighbors and makes them jealous. What are wo to expect ? Will these great powers come into con-! tlict, and continue at it, until one is supremo? And will that one then fall by the corruption of centralism, and by desultory attacks around its frontiers of outside tribes and nations, as Rome was overthrown. Or will they be broken to pieces by the shock of collision with one another? It may seem extravagant to speculate on the chances of collision between thin cnnnlrv ,-uiH J -T" (ireat Britain for empire, much less between and Russia. But we are practically lea* remote, than Rome was from Carthago or from Per#ia. But whatever may be the fact or the fate of future conflicts between us and foreign powers for universal empire, we cannot doubt, that the late territoiial aggrandizemenl, and military achievements of the United States have turned the minds of the people to the contingencies of a conflict with European powers and inspired a notion of universal empire ; and that this idea has had a powerful effect on the internal conflict between the sections. The same motive is distinctly visible in the recent and pending organizations of party. The Democrats were not united on the Compromise ?and are not. Many of the North detested it for one renaon, many of the South for opposite reasons. Yet such is the tendency to consolidation, such the desire of about one-half the people to rule the other, and such the grow: >!g importance of our foreign relations, that the convictions and the rights of sections have boon sacrificed to the passion for spoils, for pqwer, and to the idea of national aggrandizement. The Whigs will probably adopt the policy of the Democrats, and will accept any platform to prevent a disruption of the party?and to secure an available candidate. Hence the platforms of both parties will be alike, and the contest will be for men?or rather will be between two factions, and for the spoils. The doctrine of intervention into which both parties at the North have largely embarked lately, is not near so much the result of sympathy for struggling liberty in Europe, as the instinct for conflict and foreign conquest. We are destined probably to follow the example of England?to combine the passions of ambition and avarice to aim at once for territorial and I commercial expansion. But the changes that must result from any general renewal of war in Christendom w ill bo too great to allow of speculation as to the actual condition of the world of ?Ko novl firenAsnl rvrt""" Proceeding* of (he Whig National Convention. SECOND DAY EVENIKU SESSION.' The Convention was called to order at 6 o'clock, when the journal of the morning was reqd. The President stated the question before the body to be on the substitute offered by Mr. Ewing for the second resolution of Mr. Duncan, as given in the former proceedings, and which resolution had been amended by Mr. Jessup. Mr. E wing's substitute is as follows: Rctolvrd, That the committee shall consist ol one delegate from each State, selectsd by the delegates of raid State. Mr. Jeasup moved to amend this as follows : " That each member of said committee on resolutions shall be entitled to vote ro many votes ss the State he represents ia entitled to in the Electoral Colli ge. This was In substance the same amendment which had been adopted aa an amendment to Mr. Duncan's resolution. A point of order having been raised, the Chair decided the amendment of Mr. Jessup out of order. Mr. Vinton, of Ohio, appealed from the deci : ion. Mr Loomis, of Pennsylvania, argued against the decision of the (Jliair. After much contusion the amendment was again read, and the Chair reversed hit decision, deciding tiie amend meet to be in order. Mr. Jessup said." 1 desire to state in u few words tiie ol ject of my proposition. I think the interests of the great Whig party of tiie who'e Union are involved in this subject. No one who knows us can be disposed to doubt the attachment of Pennsylvania to the Constitution and the compromises of the Conalitut on, and to all proper und legitimate laws and legislation under that Constitution. Pennsylvania will never hesitate in giving her eo dial und ea nest support to all Constitutional laws. [A, duuse.] " Peniisylania has been mis epresented, and because she has been misrepresented her position has been misunderstood. Other St' ? New York and Ohio?hail been misrepresent 1, and the character of her delegates was misunderstood. 1 desire, in the organization of this committee on resolutions, to evoid having offered to us, resolutions of an extreme character, such as may be unpleasant to any portion of the delegates to this Convention. 1 desire, if we are to have resolutions, that the committee should fairly represent the great conservative char ter of the Convention, and present to us resolu ns of a conservative nature, upon which we could all agree. This committee, thus organized, with each State fully and fairly represented, will meet in harmony, in union, and in u desire to further the interests of the whole Whig par'.y. Gentlemen surely misunderstand the ehuraeler o'. the Pennsylvania delegation, if they suppose we have any other object. The Whigs of the middle portion of the Union?of the States of New York,01iioand Pennsylvania?are as sound upon every question us our Southern brethren can desire." [Great applause.] Mr. Robert Stanard, of Virginia, considered this among the most important qu lions which could Le brought before the Ccnvon'"oci. lie was happy to hear of the consoi .tive charaof r of the middle States, us alluded to bv 'he feci tleman from Pennsylvania. Why seek to depart from all usage and parliamentary experience in the appointment of this committee? You may search precedents in vain to justi this course. What would be thought of the power given to those gentlemen to cast79 votes? It was a novel, dangerous, and unprecedented proposition. Let the committee he organized as other committees have heelT. Li t the committee he organized as thus proposed. The delegate from one Stale may represent but a portion of his delegation, and yet east the vote of the whole. The New York delegation, upon this very proposition, was divided this morning. Her vote s.ood, 31 yeas and 4 nays, including among the yeas all the contested seats. Of the merits of these contestants, he knew nothing ; hnL it was possible that the whole six who voted this morning may lie excluded, and six others w! o would vote differently he admitted. This would make a change of twelve votes. Independent of tiiis, how would harmony be produced by the proposed course of electing the committee, which would be most likely to produce harmony to" give each sovereign S ate a right to be heard on that committee or to give to the three delegates of three States the power to swallow up a half dozen smaller States. [Applause.] lie appealed to the Whigs of all parts of the Union not to force upon themselves dangerous and unprecedented propositions. It was not presented when the other committees were chosen, and why should it now. The Conventio i was not prepared now to say who was entitl to voto on this or a y other proposition; therefore he moved that he whole subject he laid on the table. lie withdrew the motion at the request of the Hon. Win. C. Daw son, of Georgia. Mr. Dawson said, in the course of his remarks, "I hope all will apeak without exei'ement and with deliberation. 1 agree with my ;nd f.om Virginia, that the at jmpt is made > convert this country into the wildest sort of Democracy ?the Democracy of numbers. For the first time, the largo States presume to control the sovereignly of the States. The principle contended for will uproot your Constitution and the sovereign character of the States will be prostrated to numbers. ("Applause.] Theliltle State of Rhode Island is entitled to the same power, in virtue of her sovereignty, as either of the great States of New York, Pennsylvania, or Ohio; and yet the conservative party of the country aro asked that numbers shall bo given, and not the sovereignty of the States. I know the subject has not been properly considered by the Whig party. "This question of power shows the necessity of a rigid adherence to the Constitution to preserve the liberty of the Slates and the Union of the States. [Applause.] And I proclaim it now, that this is the wildest effort to alienate one section of the country from the other. Why this innovation on all established rules? It is that tiie sovereign States are governed by no rules when the sovereignties are represented nere oy oeiegaies. i nave long oeiongea 10 me Whig party, because I believed it to be conservative and stood on principle, and became I believed it would be the lust to desert the p;' eiplea on which ' io confederacy is founded. When it deserts those great principles, so help me Ciod, I will abandon it. If wo adopt the course proposed, power will be wielded by (lie ie jority nnd not by the sovereignty recognised by the Constitution, nnd but three States would seem to have any position?the great States of New York, Pennsylvania and Ohio. "I desire no discussion, but seek to impress upon the Whigs an adherence to principle and to pursue the old practices marked out from the day you called this Convention. Do you suppose that Rhode L 'and Delaware, and Georgia are going to acknowledge their inferiority to thoBe great Stales?" A Ne .v York delegate here a?ked whether the States are represented in their Senatorial as well as Representative capacity. Mr. Dawson. 1 tainly." The delegate con rued and said, ' Well* we havo our two Senatorial delegates against your two." Mr. D iwson. " I am a delegut at large from the State of Georgia; I rcknowlodge the greatness of New York, but her political rights under the Constitution are wot greater than the rights of Georgia?( Applause |? and my word for it, whenever you se< k to sap the foundations of constitutional rights, the party will end in dissolution, as it should. " I proclaim my scmimcnm necaase i nave I been a Whig when numbers crushed nie, and have rallied all my powers to the support of the ! Whig party, because I believed it to be conservative?but to-day and yesterday it seems that all theso great views are to be laid aside, and | the powor of numbers against the sovereignty of i the States to rule. I saw the Whig party going I to dissolution, relying on the power of numbers and disregarding constitutional rights, and laying down n train to which a match may be applied to blow it into fragments. Stand, then, on the old beaten track of principles and the objects of the purtv, and act with becoming confidence, one towards another." [Applause ] Mr. Ashmun said?"I do not rise to make a perch, but a suggestion to all the Whigs of the Convention. We are all prematurely getting excited on what, I think, is rather an immaterial question. Wo are delaying tho proceedings of this Convention, for so long as the debate con tinues, the committee on credentials will not lemain in session, believing that they have a 1 right to participate in the proceedings. They have not concluded their labors, and will not r > until this discussion i? concluded. Now, j 6ay to gentlemen of all aide"?to the gent I men from Pennsylvania, Virginia, and Georgia? that there is no occasion for this alarm. Let this Convention be organised, and then proceed to the despatch of business ; end now, before another voice stirs up additional feeling. I propose that the Convention, with a view pi giving the committee on credentials further tin^i, adjourn until to morrow morning,at 10 o'clock "! This was agreed to by acclamation, and an ! adjournment vvi*? announced while a delegate was crying lustily tor a vote by States. ' . . ( I'lilHL) 1>A V?MOKNIPK. Sk.-SION. Baltimoue, June 18. ! The Convention vans culled to order at 1U i o'clock. j Prayer by Dr. Ilamner of the Presbyterian church. | The journal of yesterday was read. Mr. Je sup, of i'ennsylvania, rose to ask leave to withdraw his amendment to substitute that of Mr. E wing, of Kentucky, giving each mem- ^ b r of the committee on the plulform power to cast the electoral vote of his State. [Cheers.] The first of Mr. Duncan's resolutions was ^ then adopted ; and tho second was also adop d as originally offered, except the last clause, giv- ( iug the committee power to appoint their own . chairman. The Convention then proceeded to appoint ( the committee on the platform, us follows: Maine, Win. P. Fessenden; New Hampshire j Hon. T. M. Edwards; Ve.uiont, lion. Carlos Coolidge ; Mas sachusetts, George Ashmn i; Rhode Island, Cyr.ls Hr 'ris; Connecticut, Col. a A. G. Hazard; New York, A. B. Dickinson ; N. | Jersey, Hon. Win. 1.. Dayton; I'ennsylvania, Wm. F. Johnston ; Delaware, Hon. J. M.CIuy- j ton ; Maryland, Wm. B. Clarke ; Virginia, R ?bt. c E. Scott; North Carolina, Nathaniel L yiCn; South (Carolina,George S. Bryan; Georgia, W. | C. Dawson; Alabama, C. C. Lnngdon; Mississippi, Gen. A. B. Bradford; I,ou: na, P. B. Duncan ; Ohio, J. A. Harris; Kentucky, Orlando Brown ; Tennessee, F. K. Zollikotl'er ; Indi . i i-i m. . in: ?i ii . i. _ . m - ana, j no. o. iicwuittii, ininun, j. uunur, mr ?ouri,A. It. Chambers; Arkansas, Gen. Thus. S. j Kane; Michigan, Ceo. G. Conroy ; Florida, W. G. Davis; Texas, Jno. B. Aslie ; Iowa, S. M. Bulb. (1; Wisconsin, Alexander Spalding ; Cali for ,a, W. Frank Stuart. Resolutions of a Southern meeting were referred to the committee on the platform. A delegate from Virginia offered a series of resolutions to be referred to the committee on the platform. A delegate from Ohio offered a series of resolutions to appoint a Whig national commitb s; referred to the committee on resolutions. Mr. Babcock, of Now York, moved that all resolutions be referred to the same committee, without being rend, which was agreed to. Mr. Davis, of Florida, offered a resolution that this Convention will support no one whose opinions on llio compromise are not known, or doubtful, and moved the previous question, which was not seconded. Mr. Botts moved a substitute that this Convention pledge itself to the support of the nominee. Mr. Ewing moved to lay the whole subject on the table. The resolutions of finality were withdrawn tie the mover so thn'"flir> t*.?- mi tlionlit form might nit during the session of the Convention, which wan carried. Various resolutions were sent up to the committee on the platform. .Mr. E wing, of Kentucky, moved that the committee be instructed to report on the platform adopted by the Southern delegates, but it was not acted upon. Mr. Watts,chairman of the committee on ere utiiuuia, uiauo ? inpurt liijil uim MUiegnueB irimi r Washing' in be admitted to seats on the plat L form. Adop'ed. ' p Mr. Cooper, of Tonneaseo, moved that so much of (lie report as relates to seats not con- v tested l>? not read, which was agreed to. The repoit was then rend. It reports in favoi , of James VV. Beck, of New York, and against [ Portens Baxter, of Vermont; and in favor of Moses II. Grinnell, T. H. Benedict, Churlea A. . Barston, and Albert L. Bennot from New York. t The report also reports in favor of admitting v both, Ilardenburg and Smith from New York. A minority report was offered in favor of P. | Baxt- r, of Vermont, Wm. L. Shardlow, Bleak- ( ley A. S. Smith, Cliaa. Coke and A. Hyde Cole, j of Now York. I Mr. Cabell moved the adoption of the majority report, and on that moved the previous ques- , tion. The vote on the previous question is as fol lows: , Yeas.?New Hampshire, 5; Vermont, 4; , Massachusetts, 12; Rhode Island, 4; Connecti- ( cut, 4 ; New York, 4; New Jersey, 1 ; Pennsyl- t vania, 2; Maryland, 8; Virginia, 12; North k Carolina, 10: South Carolina, 8 ; Georgia, 10; ' Alabama,9; Mississippi, 7; Louisiana, 6; Kentucky, 12; Tennessee, 12; Indiana, 7; Illinois, 2; Michigan, 1 ; Missouri, 5; Arkansas, 4; Flo- , ride, 3; Texas. 4 ; Iowa, 4 ; Wisconsin, 3 ; Cali- | fornia. Total, 164. f Nays.?Mnine, 8; Vermont, 1; Maaaachu setts, 1 ; Connecticut, 2 ; New York, 24 ; New t Jersey, 6; Pennsylvania, 25; Delaware, 2, one - Vir.rinin 1- 01,!,, 09 In,tin,,.. C I !li nois, 8; Michigan, 5 ; Wisconsin, 2 ; California, . 2. Total, 117. Tire contestants from New York were not allowed to vote. Mr. Raymond, of the Times, dosired to speak, < but was put down. , I The majority report was then carried. Rlr. t Cabell i: ed to reconsider,and to lay that mo- I tion on ' he table. t Considerable difficulty arose in relation to * the manner of taking the vote on the adoption i of the report, and universal consent was given that the vote be taken by States. Mr. Sherman, from Ohio, called for a division 1 of the qui. :tion, but it was afterwards withdrawn. f The voting was then commenced on the adop- t tion of the majority renort: Maine, 8 nays; N. Hampshire, 5 yeas; Vermont I Ilere the voting was stopped, and the vote i token on Mr. Cabells motion to reconsider and t lay that motion on the table ; which was agreed to. So the report of the majority was carried. A motion was then made to adjourn ; but the , Convention refused to adjourn by a large ma- | Joritjr. I An ineffectual attempt was made to go into ballot for a candidate for the Presidency. The Convention then adjourned at quarter past 12 to 5 o'clock, to await the report of the platform committoo. i EVENING SESSION. The Convention was called to order at five o'clock. Mr. Ashmen, chairman of the committee on resolutions, presented a report Raying that resolutions had been adopted in committee with almost entire unanimity, and tiiat ttiey were ready. Mr. Choatc made an eloquent speech strongly | in favor of adopting the platform, and concluded I amid tremondous cheering. | Gen. Chas. Anderson, of Ohio, followed in ! an eloquent addre-s, sustaining the resolutions, ni.d was repeatedly interrupted with cheers that made the building shake. That the series ot nets of the thirty lirst Congre- the act known as the fugitive slave law included are received and acquLpced in by the Whig party of the ITnited . tes as a settlement in nrinnmln and sustenance of the dangern^t and exciting ques tTona which they embrace, and so far as they are concerned, we will maintain there and insist upon their strict enforcement, until time and ex perience shall demonstrate the necessity of further legislation to guard a, "nst the evnsion of the law on the one hand, and the abuse of their pnwets on the other, not impairing their presen efficiency, and we deprecate all further agitation ' of i he questions thus settled, as dangerous to I our peace, and will discountenance all efforts t > 'continue or renew such agitation, whenever, wherever or however the attempt may be made; and we will maintain this system as essential to i the nationality of the Whig p ?rty and the in tegrity of the Union. Mr. Botts followed Mr. Anderson and rebuked Mr. Choate's allusion to members having ' letters in their breeches pockets from a certain ' candidate and denied the existence of any such ' letter. A del-gate from Florida said that a member | | Irom Virginia had such a letter. I ' Jr. Bolts then read the letter referred to, in vliich he aays "1 will write nothing to the Contention or to anO individual be 'ore the nomineion, but should I be nominated 1 will, in my ettsr of acceptance express myself as strongly n tuvor of the compromise us I did to you bcore. .Say the same to my friends, Messrs. dotts, Jones and others." Mr. Bolts then read a resoluti approved by en. Scott in favor of the compromise and in tppositioii fo slavery agitation. Mr. Archer, of Virginia, said this letter was ead here with no understanding with Gen. Scott >eforehand. Mr. Archer said there was no collusion in this natter between himself and Gen. Scott, as he van for Fillmoro. 51 r. Dayton, of New Jei cy, said that he ccmnuniculed the resolution . erred to, to General - :ott, but never received any answer from him. Mr. Cabell uked Mr. Bolts if he hud not ar rther letter from Gen. Scott in his possession, tud if the delegate from the Syracuse distrii Nlevv York, did not fell Gen. Scott if he wro'j i letter he would lose the Fre' oil support ? Mr. Bot i said he hod more letters, and - erted Gen. Scott to be in favor of the p! orm now presentc '. Mr. Bolts then asked Mr. Cabell if he had nt nided to vote for Gen. Scott under any drums -.nccs? Mr. Cabell said under no circumstances would i? fur 1. in 111 who was ODUoBed to D.'nci lies dear to him. Mr. Dotts said this was not an answer. The Chair said person 1 remarks were out of irder. Mr. Dotts then continued?that he merely rose o repel an insinuation against lien. Scott. Mr. Duncan called Mr. Botts to order. Mr. Choate then ro*e and disclaimed any inerition to eulogize Mr. Webster, hut merely ,o advocate the adoption of the platform. Mr. Butts said the honor of the compromise jelonged to Mr. Clay, lie did not object to Vlr. Choate's advocating Mr. Webster, but ohocted to his deprecating lien. Scott. Mr. Bolts then moved the adoption of the )latform, and called for the previous question )n it. The previous question was sustained, as 'oil own: Yeas.?Maine, 4; New Hampshire, 5; Vernont, ft; Massachusetts, 12 Rhode Island, 4; JonnecticUt, 4; One not voting; New York, II; Now Jersey, 7; Pennsylvania, 21; Deliware, 3; Maryland, 3; Virginia, 14; North Carolina, 10 ; South Carolina,8; Georgia, 10; \lahama, 9; Mississippi, 7; Louisiana, 6; Ohio, I; Kentucky, 12; Tennessee, 12; Indian 7 ; liinois.fi; Missouri, 9; Arkansas, 4; Flo.ida, 1; Texas, 4; Iowa, 4; Wisconsin. 4; Calil'orlia, 4. Total, 227. Navs?Connecticut, I ; New York, 22; Pennlylvania, (j; Ohio, 15; Indiana, ti; Illinois, ft; Michigan, ft ; Wisconsin, 1 ?Total, 61. Mr. Wm. Jessup, of Pa., offered the follow ;u<?resolution : Resolved, That the Convention do now pro eed to nominate a candidate i'or the office of President of the fJnited States in the manner following-, viz: The secre ry of the convon.ion shall call the several States, beginning with Maine, and the chairman of the delegations of ,,'ie States respectively as they are called shall ise, announce the person or persons for whom ,he votes of the State are to be given, which ill a 11 he recorded by the secretary and recei. is the vote of the State, and a majority of all t. e rotes given shall bo necessary for a nomination. I'lie same form shall also be observed for the lominaMon of a candidate for Vice President of be United States. Mr. Jones, ofTennessee, rose to make an explanation. He said he was the object of much nisconception. lie had hoped the platf .1 vould have been adopted unanimously. lit) laid intimations had been made that he u > :'alse to the South. He indignantly repelled .lie insinuations, lie desired to maintain the ntegrity of the Whig party. He did not wish Lo canvass the claims of any candidate and would support any nominee. lie did not wish to advocate the claims of Gen. Scott before the nomination. Ho had no political idolatry for uiy man. Ho sai I that the letter from General 8eott to Mr. Archer was shown to him. He law Gen. Scott in Washington some time ago uid told him he would support Mr. Fillmore as lie true representative of Tennessee. General ieott told him lie was decidedly in favor of the ompromise. Mr. Jones told him he should say so publicly, ind silence the calumnies against him. Gen. Scott, however, refu-ed to commit himself pubielv, as it was not a proper course to bo purnied. Mr. Jure 1 then made an eloquent appeal to bo North to stand by the South on the comjroini-e, and lay aside all prejudices,and finally he ballotling commenced, (at 8 o'clock,) as Allows : FIRST UAI.LOT. For Fillmore Vermont, 1 ; Rhode Island. 1 ; Connecticut, 1 ; New York, 7 ; Pennsylvania, 1 ; Maryland 8; Virginia, 13; North Carolina, 10 ; South Carolina, 8; Georgia, 10; Alabama. 9; Mississippi, 7; Louisiana, 6; Ohio, 1 ; Kentucky, 12; Tennessee, 12 ; Missouri,9; Arknnina, 4 ; Florida, 3; Texas, 4 ; Iowa, 4 ; VVissonsin, 1 ; California, 1. Total, 133. For Scott Maine, 8; New Hampshire, 1; Vermont, 1; Massachusetts, 13; Rhode island I; Connecticut, 2 ; New York,24; New Jersey, 7; Pennsylvania, 26; Delaware, 3; Virginia. 1; 3hio, 22; Indiana, 13; Illinois, 11 ; Michigan, 1; Wisconsin, 1; California, 2. Total, 131. For Webster New Hampshire, 4 ; Vermont, 3; Massachusetts, 11; Rhode I-dand, 2; Con lectieut, 3; New York, 2; Wisconsin, 3; Coli"ornia 1. Total, 29. secoxd ballot. For Scott, 133; Fillmore, 131; Webster, 29. One from New York left Webster and went o Scott a Virginia absentee voted for Scott ilso. Scott gained one from Fillmore in California, and lost one in New Hampshire. third ballot. Scott, 133; Fillmore, 131 ; Webster, 29. Scott gained one in New Hampshire from Webster, and Webster gained ono from Scott in Virginia. fourth ballot. For Scott, 134; Fillmore, 130; Webster, 29. Scott gained ono from Webster in Virginia, and Webster one from Fillmore in Ohio. Fill more gained one from Scott in Michigan. fifth ballot. For Scott, 130; Webster, 30; Fillmore, 133 Webster gained one from Seolt in New Hampshire; Fillmore gained one in New York irom neon j iveostor gnincu one iroin rtcoiiin New York. mxtii ballot. For Fillmore, 133; Scott, 131 ; Webster, 29 Scott gained from Webster in New llmnpsliire, and one from Webster in New York ; also one from Webster in Virginia. Fillmore gained two in Illinois from Scott. Scott ^ned two from Fillmore in Michigan. The C?nv tion then adjourned until nine o'clock to morrow morning. Grain rrom France. From a Parliamentary paper just published, it appears that the quantity of corn, grain, meal, and flour imported into the United Kingdom in the year 1851, from France, was 1,51)1,377 quarters, being the largest quantity from any country. The next quantity in number w-as 1,211,365 quarters from the U. Slates of America. A New Engi irii Coin. The London Gazette contains a royal proclamation, announcing the issue of a new coinage of florins, or tenths of a pound, and ordaining that these pieces of money shall be current and lawful money of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and shall pass as such,by the name of florin,throughout the kingdom "" " ~ " " J From the Unioiivillt (8. ('.) Journul > t Hon. J. k. Paulding:. Mr. Editor: Suffer nw, through your Jour 1 rial, to proa, lit 8omt) views and charaeterist -s of tlio gentleman whose pure uud uiittollied nr lue heads this urtic'e, fur the consider*' >n, : and I nmv say 'or the appreciation of the South j ro people. 1 do not propose to open anew the ' parly polities, whose wounds have been so lat 'y I closed, if not I alcd?that time has passed, at ' I st for the pre-cm, or sleeps in abeyance. Hut ( i when we cannot or dare not extol, auat :in, and [ support?aye, and p'aise only in a wlo-per, the character a id name of one who has been, through his whole life, the firm, independent, and honest j advocate of Southern rights under the Conatitu- : lion,'Hen we are lullen and degraded ind *d. It | is a tiiteand coniiuon saying, th ,t we I ve. fal- I leu upon evil times ? that the world grows ! worse, and men are not to be trusted as former- I ly. This i", unfortunately, too true at pr< sei t, ; r id yet, in the main, men are at all times pre ,y much the same creatures of epidemic influences, be tliey a'ruospheri .1, moral, or poli ca). It is the principle which may he predomiiient at ie time, on which depends the moral and political character (always >-relativ s) of a com- j inunity, whether they are good or otherwit-e. In these tiuies of President-making, and rail- ; road-making, and money-making?wiien candor and manly sentiment are made to succumb to wily intrigue and cunning duplicity?when the spoils of ofliee are seized with avidity, us a full justification of any and all the means by which ] they may be attained?when "a// are for party, ( and none are for the States," it is not to be won ^ dered at, that " the post of honor is a private , station." And looking, as we do now, with reverence and admiration upon the few distin- J guiahed men ?>t other days, who urn left as a . connecting link of the past and present, we are j very apt to believe that they acted their part ol , usefulness und duty in times when vice had no prevalency, and impious men had no sway, ltut this is an illusion of the fancy, or rather reason yielding to imagination the homage due to nn cestry. They have had their day of trial?th , j In /e passed the ordeal of corruption, of t al'urement of office,and party delinquencies, an. like the three children from the tiery Iurnace, they stand forth the mme conspicuous, for the impurities that surrounded them, and the more admired for the virtues that pursed them through the flames, unscathed and uiidefiled. It has been su:d, and it may he true, that political parties are necessary in all free governments; that it counteracts a tendency to a consolidation of power in the hands of those who rule for the time, and excites a proper vigilance upon .corruption. This is a theme of political dii quisition. too fruitful of inquiry to be dwelt up an her , il I had even the taste or the powers to render it interesting. It is enough for our purpose to say, that tu> man who has fully and indi' aolubly connec d himself to party, can ever bo trusted. This may seem a hasty and rather uncharitable dictum?but it is, nevertheless, the fact. I Ie may adopt and honestly maintain a principle of party for the time, and be independent ; but whenever he has been initiated and become a portion of party organization, he enters so far into, or lends himself to corruption. It is a fact undeniable, that men will sustain, by connivance, if not openly, acts gf turpitude in party management, which they would shrink from being responsible for in their private character as gentlemen. I. ice it is, that when the strife is c. r, and past m has subsided?when another generation has buckled en the armor and taken the field, in coolness and sober thought the world will award the meed of praise to him who has held his conscience in his own keeping. Not to tveury your readers by nbstract propositions, sutler me, by way of illustration, to present to them a brief notice of a gentleman, whose age, whose past life, who j in elleet, whose endowm nts and manly frankness, exhibits a spectacle of moral j ~ ..l:*:. ...l : ~ l :.j, J . _ ? auu puiiucui nuegriiy mm uiuepeii'.ence, unueterrodamidst the frowns and imprecations of the i North, which enti'los him to the gratitude of ! every Southern man, and which should cause i his name to be honored among us as a house- i hold word forover. The name of that g -itl man is James K. Paulding of New York a , name chaste and honored in literature, pure and unsullied in morals and private life; distinguished and unimpeaehed in high public func- ( tions; honest and t' iere throughout a long life of activity and 11 uln a; and whoso old . age is employed in guarding the sanctity and integrity of the Constitution, and defending the | down trodden rights of the South against the ruthless rapacity of his own countrymen of the , North. , A sketch of the early life and course of man- | hood of men ot genius, is always instructive , and interesting; and I very much over estimate , the good feelin s of my Southern country men, if | they should manifest a lethargy or indifference u> appreciate mo cii.iracier oi one so nigliiy on- ( titled to their notice, however feeble may bo the ( effort ot tlie exhib.tor. I have no motive to ( gratify but truth and justice ; no end to accoin- ( plish, but bo far as I may arouse my countrymen from a fatal torpor?that they may 'give honor to whom honor is due," and sustain the bold daring of one who lies stood by them in | their hour of woe, and battled for their honor i and their rights whilst they had a banner to fight , under. i James K. Paulding was born at a place called Pleasant Valley, in the county of Duchess, New York, the 22d of August 1778, and is cons quently, now in his seventy-fifth year. His family is coeval with the State of New York, as lie now resides on a farm, which is part of an extensive tract of land granted to ono of his ancestors by William the III. His father was a man of property at the beginning of the revolution, in which he bore his part as a staunch old Whig. He was a member of the first committco of safety in New York, and commissary general of the State troops. The son of his elder brother, wi s John Paulding, one of the captors of Mnj. Andre. In these times of viscillating patriotism and whitewashed sensibility, it may be 'bought by some of very little importance, what part the ancestry of Mr. Paulding acted in that world heaving drama. Hut with him and with us, it is proba-1 bly cherished as a memento above all price, j And I will here say, without boasting or any j invidious application, that 1 would not exchange a know ledge of the gallant deeds of a gallant iiMpniil.r\r in fl nt fiirht fVvr ilnrl.t I , " '"JI ' nil tlie blood of nil the Howards." Hut lot us pursue our subject. The father, in his capacity of commissary general, whilst the army was starving in the Highlands of tl : Hudson with cold and hunger,from the inahi! ty of the Congress to afford the proper supplies, upon his own credit nnd respon ibility, fur nished the poor soldiers wi h the moans of com , fort nnd subsistance. When the war was over, he presented his account to the auditor general's office for adjustment. It was refused or ri jeeted, and lie returned to his family a ruined man, to be east into piison by a eaedilor. Here he remained a length of time, and whilst the merry peasant passed along, raising h'? joyous shout for freedom won, the penniless r ptive who had given his all for his country, lingers in jail, no light cheer him, no sun to warm him, not even " hope deferred " to brighten his prosI I t l-w* . Tlie accidental burning of the jail act the j prisoner free 10 walk home, unmolested it is i true, but to pass through life a dejected, broken i and impoverished man. This account of the , father is?submitled as not only of interest in it- , self, but sr being, in fact, the most perfect his- tory of the early life of J. K. Paulding. It was the cradle in which he was reeked, u rude one t to be sure, bnt through tin attention of a good and ford mothtr, the seeds were then sown, . which have sprung up and ripened into a fruitful ( harvest. That good and fond mother. Ah! , who is there among us that has not had a good , and fond mother 1 Who is there among us, j pelted by the storms of fate and oppressed by , the Irnud or tyranny of his fellow man, when in | the anguish of despair, he looks beyond the t clouds for s sunshine eternal in the heaven-*, ^ does not sr? in his vision of hope, that sunshine . j more balmy, that heayen more seraphic, from , -T ' - > nrr-"*:- ^ <w?i?ra? he remembrance of a good and fond mother '! ! i Ilia elder brothers, (for he was the youngest i ion,) being compelled to go out into the world ,o seek their fortunes, he was left without asso- 1 i iatesal home, reading such books as he could : sorrow and laying the foundation of future use fulness under a kind mother's influence. It has Seen ?ai?', and his writings justify the supposition, that the early education of Air. Paulding was liberal and unrestrained. This is a mistake. All the education he ever received at school was in a log cabin some two miles from home, the iircumsta rices of his family not justifying his J being sent off to academies. And the urse of bis future career may be very much a ibuted Lo this fact, what he read he read carefully, and ! that of woiks worth reading, and much of his^ time was given up to meditation and digesting what he had found in his books. lie was forced early to depend upon his own resources of mind ind body, b. w hich all the latent virtues of the man were developed, and forces the remark, that howe.er we may bo disposed to encourage schools and colleges and the education of you'll, wnich none can repudiate, yet the fact must be admitted from the test of experience, that many, if not a majority, of the most brill ant intellects of our day are those who had to struggle in poverty and without the means of education in the beginning of life. In this in iner passed on, in somewhat a list less and dreary solitude, t ie Ijc yliood lil'e of Mr. , Paulding. But ail all-wise Providence, ill which I I very luuch trust, was shaping the course of! things, which more or less, in all cases with men jf genius, forms a turning point on which their future will depend. For somewhere about this time a sister of Mr. Paulding was married to Mr. William Irving, eldest brother to Washington Irving, which produced a boyish a'eqm intmce between these youths, and which ripening into a solid liendahip bus continued to the piosent time. At length, through the assistance of his older brother, he was placed in the situation of a public olli '0 in the city of New Y ork, where passing through the trials of a young countryman suddenly entered into a city life, ho was in time initiated with his young f iend Irving into a circle, composed of young men, many of whom have since contributed not a little to the literarv fame and mental renown of our country. It wiri then in their da-vning manhood, that Paulding a.id Irving, in conjunction, published "<SaI Magundi," a poriodieal, humorously exposing the follies and foibles of the fashionable world. Til's was probably the first publication of the kind in this cop i try, and wan the dthuf in a. Iiorsh.p of both of those gentlemen. who have become since so celebrated for their writings. Since tiiat Mr. Paulding has written arid published, besides articles for Reviews and other Periodicals, some twenty-five volumes; yet strange to say those works arc but little read or known in the South, whi'st the shelves (if our book merchants are crowded with flimsy Northern books, made to order, scai cely one of which you can open, without being insulted by a gratuitous attack upon the institution of slavery. Now be it known, that James K. Paulding was one of the first men in this country or any other, who bad the boldness and honesty to publish a book in defence of our slave institu tion, and dared to write that it was no sin to own slaves as property, and that it was not forbidden by the Christian scriptures. This may be a reason why his works are*not popular in Old England or New England, but surely it should n be a reason why they are not to be ret'd by Me Southern youth, nor found oh the shelves of a Southern library. We should scorn to regulate our taste in literature any more than in politics, by any standard foreign to our own borders and inimical to our interests and safely. It is not in our province or time, nor are we si fficiently informed, from causes ilreadv indicated, to nroscnt 11 critical notice of the works of Mr. Paulding. It, however, may he safely said, that for morality, elegance of Miction, pood taste, pood sense, and purity of style, and orthodox political principles, theyjiot nnly commend themselves to us, but should fill the most conspicuous place in every library. '1 he political career of M r. Paulding is founded on his literary labors. During the late war with England, in reply to an offensive article in the London (^uaUerhj Review, Mr. Paulding wrote jnd published, " The diverting history of John Hull and Brother Jonathan," "The lay of the Scottish Piddle," and "The United States and England." These spirited publications brought aim into the notice of President Madison, who was his friend forever afterward". The reader will excuse me for only briefly referring to much ;>f his career which is well known to the world, but. if time and space were allowed, would bo of exciting interest. At the i lose of the war, on the institution of a board of navy commissioners, Mr. Paulding was appointed its secretary, a post which he held milII lie resigned to occupy that af navy agent of the port of New York. This oflics lie held upwards of twelve years under l iferent party sdministiations, when upon the ejection of Mr. Van Huron to the Presidency, he was placed at the head of the Navy Department where he fulfilled the duties of that high station until the e d of that administration. This was the close of his public life, and although lie had held public offices for nearly a quarter of a century and some of them of a very bieh grade, yet it is a fact to be noticed as worthy of all prai te. he never solicited one of those appointments by himself or through his friend", llow few arc there who ean say thinow or hereafter at our jreat federal head of spoils and corruption. Retiring, us I have said, after this, he has lived for the Inst ten years at a pleasant country mansion, on a part of the old grant, on the east bank of the Hudson, half way between "New j York and Albany. His family consists of his bachelor brother who is a retired merchant, his eldest son mid son's wife and children, with whom, blessed with a competency, re isonable health, and a quiet conscience, lie enjoys in re pose the fruits of a well spent life. Mr. Paulding is of a silent, contemplative, disposition, and with modest, retiring, unobtru sivt* manners, " speaking more with the pen than the tongue." On reading any of his wrtings, one feels at once, that he is tasting of a stream whose fountain head is pure and salubrious. In his ordinary styleand miscellaneous production--, hs cha-te. as modest, as delii a'e us a woman, yet no Aftierican writer has defended, and still ift lenos me c uiso 01 truth, justice, and eonstitu tionul liberty with more zeal and unflinching courage than J. K. Paulding. 1( is a remarkable fact, that his first political writings and w hich gained him the friendship of Mr. Madison, were in defence of republicanism and Southern principles, and the last efforts of his retired old age, are still din ing to the tattered fragments of the Constitution and the republican principles it i guarantees to the South. Ho isno pait zan poli s t'cian, but strikes for liberty and right, wherever ! lie sees the foot prints of tyranny. In his late series of number*1, published in the Southern i I'rrss, signed " A Nor horn man and a friend to the Union," and in his " Holies of Scraps and Musings," he exhibits himself in bo'd relief, a man unwarped by local prejudices, unawed by popular excitement, the bold, mstily, fearless defender of the weak ?gainst the strong, of the right against injustice, and if wo are not recreant to ourselves, will secure the praise and gratitude of every true Southern man. I have thus, my countrymen, endeavored, how ever inefficiently, to bring to your view the character, moral, political and literary, of a gen-1" tleman who merits your highest consideration, j To excite a proper spirit of inquiry and investi-; L'ation by so feeble an effort, is the most I may ; expect, and surely will be a great reward to me. . I confess I have penned this t-kelchfora South-j jrri e-o nrd a Southern heart, but I have not lesired, nor do I think I have a .id nnyihing to 1 .vound the self respect of any honest Northern nan. Re this as it may, the time has come, if. t has not parsed, when we must take care of 'Ursolves. We stand alone, as it w_ere, an isr> ated fragment, in the political up-Hlavings and ionvulaion* tlmt constitute what is called progress in this world. "He tlml i* not lor us is I iguinst ih." There is n > middle ground, no i omprouiisc where the liberty, the happiness any, the very existence of" a people is slaked upon the is-ue. And if in this dark hour of our trouble and woe, when a great battle for freedom and the rights of the States has been fought and tost ; when traitors wulk abroad st noonday, and openly claim and receive the price of treason ; when our allies desert us and joiu the enemy for a "considera ion," if we cast our eyes beyond our ovrti borders and fi id one man, calm in the storm, firm in the eternal principles of truth and justice; brave in heart<and unsubdued in spirit, daring to defend us, and to fight against all odds, for our rights, our liberties and our laws, thut man is James K. Paulding. Pacjlet. Foreign Details by tbe fcuropa. The steamship Europa, which arrived at New York on Wednesday afternoon, sailed from Liverpool at one o'clock on the 5th inst. The otficiul statement of the bank of Englxnd, made up to the 29th ult.,in sp< cie coin and bullion, amounts to ?-0,686,517. The continental letters confirm the report of the failure of Messrs. Emanuel &. Son, of Hamburg. The nmount of liabilities is stated at a million and u half of marks banco, or ab"(it ?120,000, but the loss will fall chiefly on Vienna, Berlin, and 1'Vaiikfort. The business of the firm was formerly in the colonial produce trade, but the failure is stated to he mainly owing to extensive speculations in foreign bonds and railway shares. The demand for American securities continues good, and a considerable business was done during the week ending tbe 3J inst. ENGLAND. A reduction of Is. 4 1. per cwt. in the import duties on foreign refined sugar will come iHto operation on the 5th July, redoing the duty to 19s 4d., Ships for Australia. There are now fortyfour vessels advertised in the Posl-nffice Packet List to take out private ship letter bans to Australia, and all of which are to sail by the middlt of July next. Thirteen of these vessels are fui Sydney, and twenty-two for Melbourne anc Fort Philip. Steam to Australia. On Tuesday the Aim tralian steamship, belonging to the Austr.iliai Royal Mail Steam Pueket Company, left tin Thames on her " maiden " voyage for Auatr.lia She is 1,100 tons burthen, worked by the screw and carries out upwards of ?200,000 in specie besides 180 passengers, of whom 48 are firs class passengers. The Lobos Islards At the monthly meetin of the Council of the Royal Agricultural society on Wednesday, the subject of'.he Lobes Isl uid was brought forward for discus-ion, and it wa resolved that a deputation from the society wa upon the Earl of Derby, to represent to him th importance of taking every possible means t tfleet a reduction in the price of guano. 1 seems to be the opinion of jurists, that th claim of Peru to the Eobos Islands is not base upon any just title, since those islands furnis neither shelter nor sustenance for a single ht man being. Completion ok the Submarine Telegrat to Ireland. A submarine telegraph bolwee the coasts of England and Ireland is now a accomplished fact, and an event pregnant wit interest as regards llio future welfare of th country. On Tuesday morning, at four o'cloci the Britannia steamer started from Holyhea with the telegraph cable on board, preceded I her majesty's steamer Prospero, a vessel fu nished by the admiralty, as a pilot to the exped tion. The steamers proceeded at a low rate i speed, varying from four to six miles an hoi laying out the wire with the greatest care at precision as they receded from the Eoglh coast; and at length, after a passage of li t more tliun 16 hours, and without the oecurreni of any contretemps, arrived at Ilowth Harbi amid the cheers of those who had assembled witness their approach. The moment tl Britannia had arrived at her destination, at communicated the fact to Holyhead that tl Irish shore was reached, the final grand te was applied to the telegraphic cable by Conner ing the wire with one of the ship's loaded <jui and passing the word "fire" to Holyhead. Tl answer was the immediate discharge of the gi on board the Britannia. The hour was tin just half-past eight o'clock. The work had been performed in little mo than 18 hours! Messages were now rapid interchanged, and a salute of the Britannia guns fired Iroin Holyhead. A letter had arrivi in Dublin, directed to a gentleman who had It for Holyhead by the midday steamer, and who: presenee was immediately required in Londo A message was sent to seek liirn out. V\ ith half an hour lie was discovered unit tie reu.w... ed, ' I 11111 hero." " Vou are wanted in London " I hIiuII start by the next train." Another lini and the cable was'ashore, and the conneclk completed with the land wires, and tho indie tors at the Dublin terminus of the Drohei railway, in Aiuiens street, were conversing wi those at the terminus of the Chester and Hoi head railway in Holyhead. A perfeet system of electric telegraph cot munication is now in use between tho varioi offices within the Bank of Kngland. IRELAND. The net profits of the Hunk of Ireland, for t year 1851, amounted to ?21,282. Primate Cullen has received ?700 fro Charleston, South Carolina, for the Culho Univeisity. A lady belonging to a nunnery in I/meti Ins given ?l,0<0 to the formation of a si mil institution in R< scotnmon. The foundation stone of a new Wesley chapel, to accommodate 500 persons, and to ci ?700 has heen laid out in Belfast. In the Kneuinbered Hstates Court the co petition for land continues to increase, a several lots have been sold at 19 years pi chase. Captain Tyndall, one of the government co miH-doners appointed by the Karl of Derby, h arrived ip G drvnv, to make observations on t capabilities of thai port as a packet station. france. The Orleans Property.?The advocat of the council of State, M. P. Fi.bre a M. Mafl.ien B idet, charged to defend the anpi of the Princes of the Orleans family agi i mt t decrees relative to their property, have publish a memoir, from which it appears that they i itci to rely on four points, viz : 1. That the princ' p issess the pioperty in virtue of the deed of t 7th of August, 1830, and that that property eon not return to the state belore the 9th of Augui 2 That tiicy are heirs of the King, their faths for that part of Nenilly which was purchased sn sequent to 1839, and of Madame Adelaide f< I a t of the domain of MonceauV 3. That tlx liav.' enjoyed the pioperty for more than i years on what they considered a good title ar with a good faith. 4. That the property hi been made the subject of marriage eettlernent which have created irrevocable rii/hts for tl married parties and their children ; and, finall that the ordinary judicial tribunals Imve jurisdi tion in the case. com meftcial. Loudon, Saturday morning, June 15.?Tl foreign stock market is satisfactory. Money plenty. American securities are in good demon United States 6'*. 1867-8, 1071 a 1081; Unitt Stales bonds, 1868, 1081 a 1101; Pennsylvani 5's, 89 ;Ohio, 6's, 1870-5. 107 a 107-J ; Marylam 5's, 95 a 96 ; Kentucky 6's, 1868, 99 a 100. Liverpool Monthly Tobacco Refort.Thcre has been a good business done this montl Irish buyers have purchased freely, and as ns< ful descriptions of Virginia, both leaf and stemn ed, became scarcer, joined to the continued at counts of the badness of the crop coming foi ward in Virginia, holders raised theiipretension and higher rates have been obtained; we a 11, nur quotations accordingly. The home trad have purchased to a fair extent, and wiih nior [ onfidence, at our quotations. For exportatioi very little inquiry. The market closes (irmly, ? _ a