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The southern press. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1850-1852, August 09, 1852, Image 2

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THE SOUTH BKN PRESS.
WrA,SHIBGTON CITY.
MONDAY, August !>,
Valedictory.
7 With this number, the publication of the j
Sou/hern Pre** ceases.
'J'ho main cauae of this result is the delinquency
of its subscribers. There are now over
forty thousand dollars due the paper for subscriptions,
and this is only the beginning of its
third ye sr. And if this sum were now all paid
iu hsud, it would not indemnify the proprietor
and senior editor for his pecuniary advance*,
liabilities and services in the undertaking. Hat i
by the stoppage the receipts and liabilities
for the current year are slopped, ft was
not, however, we believe, ever seriously expseted
that subscriptions alone would sustain
such a paper. No paper has been attempted here
on auch a basis. And as this paper could not expect
a share even of the business advertising of
the place, or of the government printing; and as
its subscriptions must proceed from one section
of the Union only, and that the less populous,
and in fact from a portion only of thut, a de.
Dendence on subscriptions alone, was out of the |
question. It was accordingly suggested and
opposed, that a fund would be provided, but
that was never done. But it was urged on the
senior editor to assume the responsibility of the
publication, with an assurance that whatever
funda might be found necessury, would be furthcoming.
But when such funds were wanted
they were not to be had, except that about the
close of the first year, or beginning of the second,
some seven thousand dollars were contributed
by a few gentlemen in South Carolina'
the greater part of which was obtained by the
personal solicitation of his colleague, Mr. I>i;
Laos, a part of it as an advance for futuro subscriptions.
The senior editor deems a statement of these
facta an act of justice to himself, because he has
been reproached, not so much in the North as
by the minions ef Submission in the South, as
a hireling, or a mercenary, who assumed the conduct
of this paper for speculation or for pay ;
whereas neither his habits, circumstances, nor
opinions could have induced him to eeek to make
money out of anowspaper. He has always looked
on an investment of capital, skill or labor in
a newspaper, as the moat desperate of all the
games of hazard?more so than a lottery. Stil'
he admits that he thought such a paper as
rni/vUl ummn.t I
liuu OI/IHftcr ' * TOao aiajp^Jwi l hcjcii, ttllU I
might oven pay. lie saw that was the case witli
the Abolition paper here, and did not dream I
that a Southern paper would bo inferior to that
in support?although no probable amount of
such support, could have been any temptation to
him.
But six months had not elapsed after' the first
number was issued, before it was apparent not
only that the paper would not pay, but that it
would not support itself. The South was divided,
and a largo majority agreed to rejoice, to
submit, or to acquiesce, in measures which we j
regarded and atiil regard with abhorence, und
hence our position became . : ' antagonism
to the majority of the Southern States and
people. It was then evident that this paper
would have to be sustained in part by the extra
aid of those in favor of the position it had stedliaatiy
maintained from tiie beginning. And it
was soon equally apparent that this aid wan uncertain
and inadequate. The senior editor resolved
then that he would contribute to sustain
the enterprize to as great an amount as any man
in the South?although there are many there
of much greater wealth than himself, and who
had besides, what he hud not, a direct interest in
slave property. That resolution lie has more
than fulfilled. Ho has now contributed, not
merely of time, or of labor, but of money, not
only more than uny other man in the South, so
far as he is informed, but tnoro than all the men,
1 _i? ai... Oi.t? ii.- ci ..t ... .?
HI1U Bll nil) OIBIUH III LIIU Olllllll pill logellier,
for the common cause of the South. Nay more
tlian any person did in the revolution of which
he has rend, certainly more than Gen. Washington
did, in the samo time. It is trne that
the senior editor had a personal interest, and
personal pride in this particular undertaking, beyond
others?and hence has been led to go
further than perhaps he would have done otherwise.
But it is also duo to himself to say that
for the last eight years he has been deeply impressed
with the danger to his native land, resulting
from the progress of abolition in the
North, and hence resolved that in any struggle
for its rights and safety, ho would perform the
whole duty which devolved on a son of the
South?so that he would feel entirely absolved
from all responsibility for her fate.
The Southern people are divided from the
Northern by a distinct geographical line?by
difference of institutions, manners, climate, pursuits,
literature, and politics. The two sections
do not agree in the meaning of the compact by
which they are united. But above, all they are
divided in opinion?in moral sen'iment, on a
question, in which the existence of the whole
Southern system of society, and the safety of
its hearths, its wives and daughters and
children, is involved. Aod the North has the
majority, and this has become a majority government.
In such a state of things a conflict is
as inevitable as destiny. But the conflict might
be a moral'one exclusively,and certainly would
be at first. In such a conflict the newspaper is
the great engine of the struggle. And a newspaper
at the seat of the common government,
tomak the defence of the South against the inpeasant
assaults of the Northern press arid of
the hostile press of the District, is obviously important.
To this positron the two editors of this press
were celled. Speaking now for himself, the
senior editor has to say that he could not have
refused such a call without self-reproach. Such
s press had for years been a darling object of
Mr. Calhoun, who had steadily insisted that
the senior editor of this paper ehoui conduct
it. He undertook the task, not to dcfenu slaveproperty
alone, but all proporty?and to de
fend the whole system of Southern society,
which he considered the best, fhe world had yet
seen on an extensive ecale. Yet, in this position
he has not received the material aid, or the
actual sympathy which is extended to Tom
Hyer or Yankee Sullivan in their pugilistic
contests. Either of them could at any time,
nay, each of them has, when he wanted it, roreived
more pecuniary aid from hia backers.
Nay. (iv.RuiT Smith, a single man, haa contributed
more money for the stealing of three
1
7
*
- ? >r si "M^'i'l11*^ ' *?
| negroes from this District, than nil the South
baa done for the defence here of a property in
three millions.
But we relied on no favors. We uoked our
subscribers to pay up?not according to the
terms of the paper, which required payment in
advance?-but to pay at the end of the year, when
he had furnished them the paper in advance.
They knew we had been meanly deprived of the
executive printing1, which wasoure by law. 1 hey
knew we were proscribed by Congress, i'hey
knew we were proscribed by the business inter"
est of the city. We had assured them it was
impossible by any corps of collectors we could
find to call on all of them n any reasonable pe
riod, even at groat expense. And honeo the
debts due the paper really became debts of
honor. And when, finally, all the Southern
members resolved tw reunite with the .Democratic
party, and to "adhere to and ahide by
the faithful execution" of the compromise measures,
we knew that all parties wore hostile to us
because they knew we would expose their ahutH
inga, equivocations and humbugs. We, therefore
turned to our subscribers and requested them,
in such terms bh one gentleman uses to others,
to transmit their arrearages. We have received,
indeed, a large number of letters, all endorsing
| the course of the senior editor of this paper in
j refusing to assume a party position, but out of
j the whole amount now due, we have not reeeivI
ed, in the course of the last month, three hun1
ilred dollars DP i'?nrvn n,,1..II,t
1 J ?
subscribers did not moan not to pay. They
| wore only negligent; but that was the case with
the five foolibli virgins. Wo could not wait indefinitely,
and pay indefinitely, until they concluded
to wake up and look for oil.
Mr. Uujike Huid about sixty years ugo that
the age of chivalry luid passed, ilo was mistaken?or
at lonst if it had passed, it has returned.
Hut it re-appears under a new aspect?
with a reversed aspect. Of old it was the custom
of men who were knights, to go about and combat
for the relief of the weaker sex?to rescue
distressed damsels from the power and passions
of tyrants and bandits. Now the very women
have seized the lance. Wo dreaded the social
system of Massachusetts which allotted fifty
thousand ot the women to toi!?twelve thousand
maidens in Lowell alone?wliil.it their lovers
went oil' to the fisheries, to the West and to
California. Hut wo did not anticipate the full
extent of the evil. Now we shall be in dread
that Aunt Hakkibtt HelcUER Stowe will
some of theso days lead down into the sunny
cotton fields of the South, a host of Massachusetts
young women armed with broomsticks to
rescue from captivity the dark skinned George
Harrises, whom she bus so elegantly described in
Uncle Tom's Cabin, us more beautiful, brave,
gallant, liberal, intelligent, and moral than their
masters.
If her deecriptions are true, and they aro so
considered in the North, who can toll what visions
of love and romauco will fire the bosoms
of the now deserted daughters of Massachusetts'?
The Saracens curriod their conquering
arms to the gates of European capitals, lighting
with a valor, inspired by the faith of Hying at
once into the arms of Houris, if death came on
the field of battle. But what sort of incentive
was thnf, compared with the hope, not only ol
overthrowing the accursed system of slavery :
not only of bidding tho oppressed go free ; not
only of knocking otfiron chains, but of putting
on Bilkcn chains, the chains of matrimony on a
few hundred thousand of handsome, accomplished
and sentimental black and mulatto young
fellows like George Harris 1 And agninst such
an onset as the maidens of Massachusetts, and
oljier Now England States, may make, we
tremble for the traditional chivalry of the South,
after what we have seen of it.
Tho views of Mr. Calhoun on the question
of slavery have now all been vindicated by
events. His speeches were prophecies. Vet,
except from ins own State, he was almost universally
opposed and denounced. We have repeatedly
seen him deserted in Congress by all
his professed friends. He was a man the most
hopeful, and of the most, amiable disposition
and equanimity wo ever knew, but one. Vet
we have heard from his own lips on such occasions,
the language of a spirit, stricken with that
sentiment the most terrible of all, the loss ol
faith in fellow-men. It wns quilo tho f;shion
among Southern members to show their great
independence and profundity by differing from
him, and presenting plans of Southern policy of
their own. And now the South has made the
battle. She has displayed her sagacity by the
variety of her expedients, and the confusion ol
her counsels. Continual divisions have characterized
her tactics, and her only achievement in
defeat. But she has at last reached a gram
; desideratum. Sho has arrived at tho long fie
sired Union of the South. And that has beei
found in submission?submission, not to power
not to law, not to necessity, which binds al
men and States, with or without their will?
' but she has pronounced her own voluntary tiei-lnration
of nninion in f ivnr r.f ?:...
-r v,. nuuUilOO,UII V
"abiding by and adhering to" measure* whicl
she once unanimously denounced, and for which
j several of her States contemplated disunion.?
Such was the behest of party, and such the
; power of party.
And to this even South Carolina appears t(
bumble herself.
And does she suppose she will find in case ol
Democratic success, her share of otli .ro or spoilt
i ?does sho expect to realize from the chance o
a chance, an equivalent for the dignity, coneis
j tency, and character she had ??she tha
yesterday proclaimed the compromise to bo sue!
i a robbery and outrage?does she now " ndhen
to and abide by its faithful executionT" VVi
can tell South Carolina and all the South then
is no equivalent. The word of a state, of r
people, of a section is more important than tha
of a man?more than the chastity of a woman
War, pestilonce,and famine, fire and flood, ma)
visit a country and from all these effects it may
recover. Hut a demoralized people,spring sel
doin re-visits, nnd day never dawns on the nigh
of their shame. South Carolina is a vety gooc
head of a State rights party. She never can br
i anything but the tail of a national Democratic
one, and a tail that will be continually trodden
on.
We cannot conclude without returning our
most cordial thanks to the author of the articles
which have appeared in this pnper, from "a
Northern man and a friend to llie Union," and
for all his " Relics of Scraps and Musings." If
the Srrulhrrn I'm* had d me nothing mere than
to publish these, it would have accomplished
j the mission its original friends assigned it. The
jg,-,.,,,..,
[ all hor of theao articles in the la-t of Northern
I men who hue performs i to the common country
the duties of a patriot and statesman with the
superadded abilities of a scholar and philosopher.
i'hoso in arrears to the Southern l'rez? will
please remit without delay. The very few who
have paid in advance for the current year, will
hate their money returned.
I-**" 'I 'lie senior editor and proprietor haa
; announced the discontinuance of the Southern
l'rrt.%. My valedictory shall be brief. We
| have differed and still differ on a question of
policy?.on principles never. My own views
i wjsre so fully expressed on the 3 I of July, us
not to need repetition. .Subsequent events
have but confirmed my eoiivictiona on those
points, hut my difference with my colleague
could not change my relations to the /Ve.i.t, s.
long nu I could consistently adhere to it. As I
| sat by it* cradle an ' have followed it* bourse.
1 have neither regrets nor reproaches for the
past?for the future the Southern people must
provide, und if they are content to he wiilmut
voice or organ here, in the federal metropolis,
theirs must be the responsibility, theirs the peril
and theirs the consequences. For five yearn I
have devoted all my moans, ruy time and my
energies to the advocacy of the Southern cause.
The sense of duty porformed has been my Hole
reward ; and whatever my sacrifices or sufferings
may have beeu, that conviction has supported
and can ntill support rue, against the active hostility
of enemies, and the cold comfort of professing
friends. In so far as the Southern 1'icss
is concerned, my mission is ended. In any other
field of labor in the same cause I am ati11 w ill
ing and anxious to engage.
It is unnecessary for me to add to this short,
and as I trust, distinct exposition of my present
position, lliut preference for the Democratic
ticket and the success of its nominees comprises
the entire difference between myself and my
associate. EDWIN I)e LEON.
W/miini; ton, August 8, 1852.
ilic Age of I'aut.
The editor of the New Vork Tribune recently
received and published from some citizen of the
South and a slaveholder, a long letter, full of
admiration for (he Tribune und i s editor, and
full of condemmuion of slavery. The writer
says he intends to remove to Illinois.
We wish every man in the South who is a
slaveholder and yet opposed to slavery would
move out of it. We have no respect for anybody
who lives in the daily commission of what
he considers u sin, particularly when his chief
motive must bo avarice. As for the pretended
difficulty of getting clear of slavery which such
men urge, it is all affectation. Any man who
holds slaves may ensiiy get rid of slavery by
emancipating them and removing them and himself
to the North. And any such man bus
enough landed and personal property to pay the
expense of the migration. As for the slave
holders who are friends of emancipation and yet
vvuit for some general und feasible scheme of
emancipation, and the meanwhile hold their
slaves, wo have as little respect for them. A
drunkard might as well wait for the discovery
of some universal plan of temperance, and yet
continue to get drunk. Not much more respect
have we for those who contend for emancipation
and lament the evils of slnvcry, and lav the
blame on the mother country for inflicting it
I ujjuii no, 111hi ym pompom) uniii ileum uic emancipation
of their own slave*. Huch morality in
little better than to spend a life of robbery and
fraud, and bequeath tho proceeds to churches
and charities.
The editor of the Tribune is right in one
thing. He says that if slavery is wrong, it
ought to be abolished immediately by all the
parties concerned. So say we.
Bui the editor of the Tribune says slavery is
wrong, lie either don't understand himself, or
lie is grossly inconsistent. And to prove it, we
new put to him n couple of questions, which
we dure and defy him to answer: Is war wrong?
If it is, ought ire, the United States, to abolish it
at once?and to disband our army, lay up our
navy, and melt up our ordnance? Now we
know the editor of the Tribune cannot answer
those questions at all?dare not. And hence
his whole system is absurd.
The truth is, neither war nor slavery' is an
evil, but is the remedy and correction of evils
to some extent. Bleeding and purging are not
evils, but the remedies of disease.
From tuf. West Indies.?By the barauo
Princeton, Capt. Seelev, we lime a lile of the
. Georgetown (Itritinli Guinea) Gazette, to the
15th of July, but it contains little information
of value in this meridian. The custom house
i returns of produce, on which tlio export duty
I has been levied at Georgetown, during the nix
month ending June 30, were as follows:?
'20,906 hhds., 1,269 tc?? 3 804 bbls. sugar; 300
i pun , 15 hhds., 1 bbl. molasse ; 1,725 pun., 309
lihdH., 153 bbls. rum.
) M. Vidal de Lingendes, attorney gen r?l of
French Guiana, had arrived at Georgetown, on
his way to France, which lie was about to visit
with a hope of improvement to his impaired
f health. Ho stated that the colony was perfectly
i healthy when he left. The new penal colony,
; formed by decree of the President of the French
republic, was exciting great interest. This islands
of Royale and St. Joseph, of which it is
' composed, are twelve leagues to the wes'ward
of Cayenne, and were already inhabited by fif,
teen hundred of the transports. The location,
however, is only temporary, it being tlio intention
of the governor to select one mure suitable
for the intended purpose. That portion of the
i transports condemned for political offences nro
f to be confined on one of the Romire Islands,
which are nearer than the others to Cayenne.
The editor of the Charleston Courier has
1 seen a sample of what the Indians of the Ama5
zon call 'Zrinanma." It is the production of
5 i\ tree growing wild in that valley, and used by
} its inhabitants for their fine textures It somewhat
resembles in appearance and fineness our
costly Son I land cottons, but with much less
1 strength of staple. The above sample was sent
. to Charleston by Lieutenant Maury, United
, States navy, who is now devoting himself to the
development of the immense resources of that
fertile region, with the earnest hope of making
' them subservient to the mercantile purposes of
t this country.
) A writer in th e National Intelligencer estimates
the value of coffee consumed in the United Slates,
, England, and France, at $.r>i),0lMl,00t), tea in Europe
and America at $35,000,000, and indigo $21 ,000,000.
lie states thai the genuine len tree, in
its full perfection, grow* to a height of forty or
fifty feeC and is cultivated from latitude 270 deg.
to 32 deg. north latitude, under severe Croats and
snows, and many of th* mountains, high upon
whose eides the plant grows, are capped with
perpetual snow. Th* idea that tea will only
I flourish in a hot climate appears to be erroneous.
| Me recommend* the cultivation of both ten and
' '--1. -'.U'. , I } !,
indigo, foi which the Innate an I soil ot' different J
sections of this .ountry are well adapted. He V;
tt
soys ,j
Tea con he procured in this country under seven
cents a pound, calculating labor at fifty cents per '
| diem. A lea plantation reipnree care the first and , f
second years, after which it i.- a most hardy plant, "
id will yield tea for twenty-live to thirty yiars. w
: ii the only trouble is plucking the leaves and drying
them, which is labor for women and children, f,
A titan actively engaged ten hours of the day may
cnllest fifty to sixty pounds of preen leaf, and ,j
another would manufacture them, and lltiH|piani
lily of drieil leu would he twelve and a half to : P
| fifteen pounda. A fair plantation would produce
300 pounds per acre. I liuve made us much iim I
| I II pounds per acre in the year 011 some land I :'I
I held on the west of China o
j Of. indigo ite is equally sanguine, and denies a
that its cultivation is unhealthy; nor 1* that its jM
I character when- ills known and cultivated. He n
is of opinion thnt it can he produced here under { ^
j thirty eente per pound, Prices of indigo for the ^
j last forty years vary from .! to yd per pound. .
For the Southern I'rent.
Relics of Scraps and tinning*.
No. 105. t,
TIIF, ANTl-JtFNThltS OF NEW Yol'.K.
It will be seen by a murder oouiuiitted? n
through mist 11 Ite?that i?, mistaking one innoeent
inttn for another?that the Anti-Renters (
HI ill continue to triumph over the Iuwh of the j,
State of New York. Can any one wonder at a
thin, when it is recollected thai Governor Hunt n
owes his election to their votes; that tlio Whig
party in that State is dependent, in a great men H
sure on their support, ami that of the Abolitionists,
and that the late Governor Young, who w. s h
the fin-t who openly appealed to tin- Anti Rett- '
(era, snd by that means secured his election,
was alterwnrdrt oppoinleii by tlie President, and (i
the appointment ratified by tlio Semite of the l
United State?, receiver generul of the public
revei uea at the port of New Yotk, one of the t
moat rasponeiblc and honorable oflScoe under ji
tlio government ! In addition to these honors, h
the ex governor was almost canonized an a
saint, in a glowing panegyric in one of the newspaper
. Hut nil nisi bonum, if-:. ?
This antirontism is becoming a serious affair r
in tin) Empire Kiatc. It in Htticl they can poll
ten thousand votes, and ten thousand votes are t
decisive in a contested election, con-eijuently
we have for some years past seen appeals either
indirectly by impunity for their past outrages,
or directly by promises or at least encourage 0
iTiniit ot" the 1 iwo impunity for f uture ones, in 0
order to secure the support of these outlaws to "
that party which is most indulgent to their ex- j|
J cesses. Tho result is becoming every day.more p
evident. Thi-y nrn too strong for the civil pow- ir
er, and nothing now remains but either for the ''
Statu to compound with the proprietors of these "
old manors at tho expense of the people, or assert
their rights by culling out u military force "
and compelling obedience at the point of the
bayonet. Ilad prompt measures been taken in ('
the tirst instance to arrest the spirit of anli-rent- h
ism by inflicting exemplary punishment 011 the J'
I offenders, such an alternative could never have (|
presented itself. But instead of this, tho viola- tj
tors of the laws were supported in their part 0
and encouraged to new excesses by unprincipled
politicians, such us Governor Young, and Gov- .
ornor Hunt, and the great apostle of the higher
law, who aspires to make not only governors
| Lut Presidents. Those selliih demagogues euro j
not what injuries they inflict on the rights of u
property or the great general interests of llieii
follow citizens, provided they can thus gratify ''
their grovelling lick-spittle ambition, for oflices |,
they cannot aspire to on tlio ground of their own tl
merits ?>r services. They have thus placed the rl
great Mtatc of New York in a position before ''
the sister States and the world, where the only
alternative iu, either to concede to these outlaws <>
all their unreasonable demands, and thus estab | o
lisli a precedent which will justify every man in
refusing to pay Ins rent, or vindicate the major
ity of the law at the expense of the blood of its I
citizens. ''
THE NEW CONSTITUTION.
I observe that the devotees of the compromise *
have dignified it with tin? appellation of 'The c
new Constitution." This is a capital idea, and n
will, if generally adopted, answer all the pur- '
poses of the "higher law." A majority in Con- ^
gross may then innko a new constitution when ]
it pleases, without going through the tedious i
process proscribed by that instrument, and it 1
will become as flexible as the common law, '
whose great excellence is said to he that like a
weathercock, it adapts itself to every wind that
blows. By this new method of making consli .
tutions, or altering them by a vote of Congress? j
the assent of three fourths of the .States in their I
sovereign capicity?which they at leust are per- |
milted to exorcise in this instance?will no Ion
ger be necessary, nud constitutional objections ,,
become "puro gammon," ns the members say. f
Instead of appealing to constitutions, wo must '
appeal to the compromise, which will bo "a finality"?until
another c improrniso is nindo and
unother finality established?for the time being ^
Congress will thus become, like the Parliament "
of England, omnipotent; there will be no more j.
occasion for a supremo court to decide consli- ii
tutional questions; nud no other power in the '
government but that of legislation. Those great
balances which are indisponhil.h. to the oroven- ,
lion of despotism, in nil governor nts whatever n
name or form tlioy may nssuine, will ho utterly d
annihilated, and the maxim that "the king can
do no wrong," apply with much greater force '
to our legislators. Truly we are making great
"progress." It seems to me we are going at
such a rate that we shall soon mako the eirele,
and come buck again to the divine right of legislation
na a substitute for the divine right of
kings. Thus as Shak-peare, l'le great poet, and
still greater philosopher says: "From time to
timo we ripe and ripo, and then from time to
time wo rot nnd rot?and thereby hangs a tale.''
CBEDULJTY.
It is difficult to eny which is most credulous
in this ago of progress, ignorunee or knowledge.
Both alike seem to believe all things possible.
What one ascribes to necromancy, or supernatural
agency, the other accounts for on scientific
principles; nnd thus those who know nothing,
and those who pretend to know a great deal,
harmoniously unite in nil sorts of superstitions,
One believes in spiritual, the other material
agency, and what ignorance ascribes to the sir
preme power, science places to the credit of
chemistry and electricity. The only difference
is that one deals in first, the other in iccond
causes. Fir mypirt, I belong to the foiruer
se, t, nnd if I must believe in spiritual knockings,
spiritual visitations, spiritual blue lights
ami spiritual poetry without any spirit, I am for
going directly to the fountain bead without
having anything to do with chimeatry, gnlvinism,
electricity or anv other second.hand ngen"
ey. ;'V
MHr-iiT,---ir-iri,r-ir^liiirwrT'ira>iiiiiiii>f'i'l,iiiii n h h h ii in'lTinrWu'M i r tr
Later from Buenos AYREs.~Bf the urrtiil
of the ship Parana, ?i New York, we have
I vice* trom liudloa Ayres to the 12th of June,
'here has beiiia meeting of the represent*' ivee
f the different province* of the Argentine Reublic,
at which ten of flit! province* were repreunted
by th< .r govtmore in person. 'I'itrec
o-re not repr. entcd
IJrijuiza took tfiu oath of office, as-umod ttits
ructions of general in chief, und made an ad
reaa promising 10 maiuUiu liie rig..t.* and libere*,
and preserve the internal and ex' -rnal
caco of the Argentine confederation. It close*
lui-:
"My political proer*intn, which is founded on
in piinriploM of order, lia r11ity, and oblivion
fall Llie past, und all the acts of HIV pill C lit*',
re the pu irairfy that I give yotl of the promise
diieb I liavo j'.i*t m ole, n 1 with it > t n y
est assured, that when the national cbngn a
ins sanctioned the constitution of the State, and
he coniedera e communities h ive entered into
ho conatitutional path, I will deliver up to it
le deposit yon ii tvconfided to me, with n
ratifjuil eon'o'icnee, and without fearing the verict
of public opinion, or li e judgment of p< serify."
The national document agreed upon by the
atlonul conference, recognises tlie treaty of
aiiuury 4, 1831, and charges the representative
f the foreign relations w ith its due observance
lirou hout the republic. It provider, for uboiisliig
liie tr, unit duties, and for the assemblage ot
congress at Santa Fe during the present
lonth. This congress is to consist of two
elegatc.s from each provinc , to be elected by
Im popular voice, to bo untrammelled by intrue'ions,
art'l the minority to conform to the
ecision of the m..j>rity, without dissent or pro
er I. This body is to decide the permanent
iciuion Of the constituent congress.
To defray the national expenses, the provinces '
/reed to 'outribitto in profs trtion to the proiiict
of their foreign custom houses, and that J
nit Hi'tinitiH-nt i -Mi tr I ! i m! i it ii it f nf nut in.in t !
x portsshall be (ixed l?y tlio congress.
To secure the internal order mid pence <>! |
lit republic, tlio Iiji'h contracting power* milage
to combine their efforts in preventing open
loslilitics, or putting down armed insurre ctionM,
nd tlio bettor to promote these obj ctn, (ion.
Jrquizii ia recognised an general iir chief of tin
nnies of the confederation with the title ol
Provi ioual director of the Argentine conlcdo
ution."
It was agroed to invito tint unrepresented pro
inces, (Jordoha, Saltu and Jujuy, to give in
heir adhortnee to the arrangement*.
Bei.i ani> I'oi.ii'h ).?We learn from the
toniovillo (Jouiier that a woll known butcher
t that city, the other morning, bought a couple
t' lino be.evoH weighing 1531 pounds not, at
i 3-4 cents per pound. This, in the aggregate,
mounted to $88 04. Soon alter ho made the
lurchiwe, a couple of Democrat*, in tv spirit of
antor, offered to give liim 16 cent por pound,
ur the cattle, payable on the election of (ion.
icott to tlio Presidency. lie at onee took the
ariler, transferred tlie cattle, and received their
otetf as per contract.
The Bangor Mercury reports the following
ihtance of remarkable respect for treaty stiplutions,
and property rights:
" A Codtish, supposed to have wandered
rom the lishing-grounda, was taken off Monegan,
a day or two since, hut the letters V R
eing found upon him, it was clear that ho beinged
to Her Magisty Victoria, and accoringty
his captors let him go. There eonscienons
regard for the rights of others will bo upreciated,
when it is stated that I here was no
Iritiali cruiser in sight. The fish also bore a
istinet impression of two large ears, supposed
) ho the private mark of the Earl of Derby."
tw ("Jail not that man wiolctied who, viliat
vcr else he suffers as to pain inllicled, pleasure
ctiied, lias a child for whom ho hopes, and on
diom ho dotes. Poverty uuiy grind hint to the
ust, ohscuiity may oast, its darkest mantle ovci
im, the uot'g of the gay may be far from his own
Welling, bin face may tie unknown to his noighors.
arid his Voice may be unheeded among
lose with whom he dwells,?even pain may
ick it is joints, and sleep Hee from his pillow;
ut he has a gem with which he would not part
oidtli defying computation, for fame filling a
oriel's car, lor the luxury of the highest wealth
r the sweetest sleep that ever sat upon a inorye.?(Coleridge.
Tiif. Telegraph in > amfoknia.?The l'laer
Timer, of the 30 ill of June, says:.?"Messrs.
tnrnhnm and Allen obtained from the last
jgislaUire, a charter for the construction of a
ine of telegraph from thiM city to Marynville,
ia San Jobo, Stockton and Sacramento. The
i-t gives these gentlemen the exclusive tight to
onsiruet a line over the route specified, ami to
i-e it for the period of fifteen years. Moo r \
tnrnhnm and Allen have perfected tin ir r range
Dents for an eatly completion of tlio work, if
ufficicnt inducements should he given by San
'"runcisco, and the towns through which tin; line
s intended to pass, to justify such an undcrtak
ng, which we believe will be the case. Book
isve been opened in tliis city for subscript' n
0 the stock of the company.
Threat to Swallow a Steam Boiler ?
Twenty seven years ago a eommitco of the
louse of Commons was a| pointed to examine
nto the state of steain navigation. Lord Staney
was chairman of that committee, and on Mr.
tobert Stephenson, the eminent engineer, speakng
of the probability of lenniahips crossing the
Atlantic, Lord Stanley rose from his seat and
xclairaed, " Good heavens! v hat do you say ?
1 steamship < cross the Atlantic, l.wili eat tin
miior of the first ship! "
Buffalo, August 3, liioib
rhcCliolern still prevails in this city and several
oaths have occured, but only in particular
o.gtiDornoons. ana irom local causes. The mor
ality of the city iH gioater than usual, but there
\ no panic, nor much fear of the diserse spread,
lg. The weather is clear, and the air pure. Sunay
was the most fatal day; but since then, the
sua have been more mild and scarce. The dis
se, at first, appeared more virulent than forterly,
many having died very suddenly with
nfy three or four hours' illness. The telegaphi,.
ispitch from Albany exaggerates the mattor
The Toledo (Ohio) Republican contains the
ollowing paragraph.
A Fugitivk Si.avb is Ohkmuhg.?Havana,
'hemung county, Friday, July 2H.?A week ago
ast Sunday a fugitive who had lived 9 years in
'enn, tied from here to Canada. The const .blc
if this place had p ipers for him, but whi' j he
vss hunting for his prey and Si 100 reward, the
riends of the man were busy. Money was rais d
and the fugitive put beyond pursuit. Our
lcople are thunder-struck to think that so ba>?i
thing lives in town as a slave hunter. No lujitive
can bo taken from here, and no man can
ivo here who has pocketed a reward for taking
jno. I lad our constable succeeded, the fugitive
Aotild have been rescued, and the constable
a'earing a coat of a different stripe.
Take my Hat.? While Miss Ludlum a dan
ieuae at tho Cleveland theatre, was delighting
... ..-lit. !...? .........I. .: e -
?uu.v.ivw ...... iivi f,;yii'iiuuH u lo*
lights since, a spectator, in the In ;ght of his
oy, past his white beaver at her feet. The
dancer picked it up and retired nniid thunderng
applause, leaving tlie generous doner covered
with glory, hut without a hat.
Adjustment or tiii. i'i?n uv Difficulty.?
Wo are enabled to announce upon what we re
;ard as entirely satisfactory authority that the
luhjcct of the recent excitement in regard to the
View England fisheries has been arranged beween
Sir. Webster and Mr. Crampton in a manler
thai will prove whnllv .saii-factory to the
\inerican people.? Wiifc Tfl^grnph.
The Ken del Cumrrcto, of Vert Crux, says
hat a company has been formed in the capital
o purchase two Mcum-hips to make monthly
rips between Vera Cruz and New York paling
al tlie ports of Tmnpico, New Orleuue. lit
niih and Charleston.
? ? ? ... r.-.v siC"
HW -^j?il'TTiV *t-art,*!MijtrfwkViitftia.w,.^
The PhE?? ok A-hkhii a.?We utakf> fol
lowing eloquent and Itnthtul extracts 'rOU? the
oration recently pronounced by Hon. itobl. C.
W intlirop, before the " Association of AbtUiiii"
at Harvurd College: *
And then, the press of America? the period ic
il preen, I be pamplili't proas, tliu light literature
pren?, and above all, tliu newspaper pre** ol
America?that tremendous cog'inery which
thrown a if h broadside at inoriiiii:> and '.nou,
d. y Hlld cVeiulig, bnlio.Ui almost cverv roof ill
the Kepubl , inol ? h < compitit lis ho c.ft< n
be r>.. it int" fatal ccinpii mc w ith tin pri jadicef,
the passi iih, and even the profligacies ul
lit supporters. W ho can Mstiuia'o the influence
of audi an enginery op >n our hoc:.I ami moral
condition? VVlio can calculate the pernicious
ellect upon t: community of n single corrupt,
licentioua ri w.pnpi r, coining slanders lil.s h
mint, ciiai'o.ii - phns--* like tic moon, "w rth 3fi5
opinions in a year," upon every mi! j ct which it
treats, epicing its daily ami its nightly notions
with i'Vi ry vaiiety of ob cone and aetmuti! slimttbuit,
controlled by no acju.e of responsibility,
ilium;;' 1 - < ? - > yx .1 v '.u UIC i. in> v\ ie-1 pi' nilU I t'l Usal
of tim young, the igootnnt, and Lin: inexppri
eixedi and minisUru g end pandering to their
diseased tastes and depraved appetites? And
who can calculate, on lua other hand, the itdlii
ence which might he produced?nay, let me say,
which is produced, for I n .vn in my mind, i thank
IIchvcii, more than one example?-hy mieh an
l imine, in tli? hands of upright, intelligent, independent,
snd conscientious men?o pons j rig
and advocating neitlicr it raisin nor criticisms,
neither u w ild filialicIsm nor a L goted con er
vatism?with the four of -d ht I.on tlu-ir eyes,
with the Jove ol trutli in tlieir hearts, and hy
who,.11 the advancement of knowledge, of mor
ality, of \ irtuc, ul right and uf righteousness,, is
not held subordinate to the popularity tit the
hour, or to (ho state of the subscription iist.
The pr?' entaccomplished and eloquent piiine
minister el I'Jiigluod, who has been personally
known end o*Uh rued hy no many ol us in thin
country aa well as his own, has recently declared
somewhat emphatically, on the floor ol
Parliament, that "as in these day the Hi gh ?h
press aspires to chare the influence ol' statesmen,
no i\ I no it must share the. rep "iisihililica ol
statesmen " It would he more true in this
country, I fear, to apeak of Htatesiu u inspiring
to share th influence, of the press. But, Imwevcr
it inny he as to the point of relative aspiration,
there can he little question as to that ol
comparative responsibility. Certainly, if reHponsihility
is to he measured by power, the
responsibility of the press is greater than that
of any statesman unde r the sun, however exulted
he rnny bo. Who I.as forgotten that
splendid exclamation of another gio-t Hngiish
minister and orator, in J310, when lie challenged
and defied all the authorities of the
realm to contend against the power of the press?
'"Give them," said he, '"a corrupt House ol
Iwrrda; give them a vernal House of Commons;
give them a tyrannical prince; give them a truckling
court ; and let me but It.ive an unfettered
press?I will defy 'hem tu encroach a hair'*
breadth upon th* liberties of hJoglaod," Yes,
an uufettered preen iu a mutch, and an overmatch,
for almost anything human. Neither
tyranny nor freedom can stand against it.
Neither corruption nor virtue can survive its
systematic and persevering assaults. It may be
rendered all but omnipotent for evil ; it may be
rendered all but omnipotent for good, according
to the ends to which it is directed, and the
influence by which it is controlled. And the
only reliable,earthly influence to which we can
irwtl/ <A OllfoJir w. > C
.......j, ,1 OI-iihk oi rtinponHiuiiity,
moral and religious responsibility, on the part
of its controllers,
A else has boon decided in the District Court
for the county oi JSexur, in Texan, which, it" continned
in the Supremo Court, will operate, it is
said, to declare eevernl thousands of blacks free,
who have bun bold heretofore aa slaves. A
slave woman wan carried front the (J. Slates
to Austin's Colony, in Texa-', in 18'2fi. Slavery
was not recognized by tho laws of Mexico at the
time. Tho constitution of Coahutla ami T?Xi?
whs proelniiiied early in 18ii7, and lite woman
the enl'fect ut'uuit, h.ili^lili.r nl' tlm utave.,
was born on the Jlra/oa about the middlo of
18:17. When the constitution of 183t>, w*b
adopted by the Republic of Texas, slavery was
established; and the mother slave was of the
class enumerated in that constitution as slaves.
The daughter having been born in the country,
was not included by the provisions of the constitution.
In a uit, involving the question of the free
doin of lids girl, it tins lieen decided that the
condition of blacks in the country during the
existence of the Mexican law was that of freedom,
and that the net of sovereign power in remanding
the it to the original condition of slaves,
which they held when imported from the United
States, did not : If et their off-pring born in the
country, before the adoption of the constitution
of the Republic., who are consequently tree.
Paupeiusm in England.?From a recent lb rrlish
work, ' Push Icy on Pauperism end the
Poor Laws," wo glean tho following facts;.?
The number of persons in England and Walewho
receive pari-h relief, at aonte time during
iho VfTf, in t.hri?i? mill'nrva
Tile number receiv .g relief throughout the
year is one million.
Out of this million, the number of nble bodied
adult male pauper*?men willing and physically
able to earn their daily bread, but unable to obtain
employment?is u wards of three' hnndied
thousand.
Tho number of pauper children under the pge
of sixteen who are entirely dependent on pariah
relief, is three hundred and fifty thou and.
During the last e.enturv, the population of
England has increased in t ie proportion of three
to one; but the pauperism of England has increased
in the proportion of eight to one.
A hundred years ago, the outlay in relief of
the poor was little more than two shilling* a
head on the whole population; it now amount'
to neatly six thillings.
ALPHABETICAL ADVICE.
iy now, Jll.
A. Always attend to your avocation, nroid nlehousus
and artful women.
B. Be benevolent but not prodig l; bury all
bickerings in the bosom of forgbtfulncss.
G. t tootrive to collect cash and keep it.
D. Do you duly and defy tho devil.
E. Early endeavor to eradicate every error, of
both li?"\d and heart.
E. F glit fairly when you light; hnt the better
way is not to light at all. Fiddio for no
fools.
G. Grace, goodness, gumption, and a little
goose grease, in able a man to slip through the
world mighty easy. Got them and glory in
them.
II. II :rhor hope in your hcr.rt, if you would
ho tut! ;?y ; but hark ye, hope can't render rotten
the rope of the hangman.
I. ' quisiliveneaj ii insufferable; indulge not
in it.
J. Juleps may l e called the ju'ce of joy and
the yeast of j- t; but lut them alone, for too
much joking oitsn destroys thq joviality of the
social c'rolo.
K. Kindncn kindles the fire of friendship. A
kissel, avs avoi1 < mora than a kick.
I. Leva the 'adies?look before you leap ;
eschew h >leri-n.
M. Mal e not mi?chiaf by meddling with other
folks' bu ne s.
N. Never be caught napping except in the
until t .....
O. Order i> Heaven'* first law ; obey it.
Savannah, Ant'iist 3.?A disastrous confla
prntioii occurred here,this afternoon, destroying
70 houses, and involving a loss of $75,000 t'
$100,000. The fl un?s swept everything fpm
Hubny -treet north to Margaret street, sou"'
far as Laurel strei t, and east tn Cnruy) street.
The houses were principally of wood, and thus
the progress of the tiro whs wi'll d'di. illtv nr
rested. Doe hundreit families are/eft homeless.
f
MM MM I M|MNI .. ...
'?? :: wiminitiri'i I' uiiiUfci'n itT?*?m .w>ua'r?ar??iMa*?<<hl
ST 4*1*11 BS4DI OKb.
When .he ilnys were long and go.deu '
VVncic Use truant sciiuul-boy laid H
Sinatra tu calt'li the timid rabbit,
4mi the < aula sought the shade *, H
When amid U,e gram, the reapers If^^H
Willi then .licciy .virgo ami bathe
bLr-pt a lively, grac?tul measure
'i'u the swinging uf tiie scythe ; *
W ban ilie Weal wind, whose wi d music
With delight the spirit whelms, *
Hung h># surging, Jeep andante
Mid lt?? boughs Of branching elms ;
When abou*the fruited hickories, j
And bryowd Uie jiupiacs tail, |
11.his the clouds hke sjonl-baiuirin *
1 . ..in the bright shy 'a saplure wall
In tlie bosom of a trnideti
I. .ve was t.ernbliiip, tike the gleams
I 1 ' toiou-li tlie toresi shadows slr.nl.i,; .
Il'r shaded Sba^nis ;
1' noble ht-tirl hud foumt
And with winds of love and
Won her sweet and gentle spirit
In the freshness of its youih. I
Sufi und .till the July moonlight ^
Lieth on the sloping lulls,
And fur down the wooded itilleys
Swiftly pass the glancing rilis,
the .. mother
\V child lit net knee,
Looking ask ths aitelaa
With an absent one to be.
With liim muny n happy summer
She had heard the linnet sing, i
And the Oriole that builded I
In the birch above the spring ; j
W ilii him ?he hud watched the white lips |
4 (,, .a ? - CI ?
miuicigc U1CBWCU ey?fM
Of livo little lambs ru taken
To (lie Cub I mi L'uradise,
)Jul each heavy bloat of sorrow?Though
a bending reed, and frail?
8b* hail borne with patient firmness
Till bia cheek grew thin and pule ; '
And now whiio afar ha seeketh
Health in softer Southern air,
i That the blessing niny be granted
I la the burthen of her prayer.
I be hickories,
And beyond the poplaiH tall,
Hang llie clouds like jiirit banners^ j
From the br gl?l k 's sapfeire, Wftn . H
And a wild and Htrii'ken mour ner '
With n fairc.hild at her k>neei
| Cavteth up, if 'mid their fuldinga
She an angel lace n.fty av.
| In nn untamed Southern forest,
Where the rc.'i flamingo gleams
Like u meteoy, and the white swan
Floateth down the silent streams,
Where Vtmid the tangled bunhes
Shines t ie savage cougar's eye,
And the timid wild deer starteth iU^H
At the fierce l'aducah's cry ; H
Where the white nod fragrant blossoms :{
Of the grand magnolia lie
'Mid the foliage, like angels
Just descended fnotn the sky ;
Where the moc.kii a-bird is singing,
And the lung gray mimes wave,
From the drooping forest branches,
They have dug the stranger's graven
(Net? Orleans CrtHtnl.)
What J saw at Tilt
who has mentally visaed them )?l eu.ei'"tJtttms~
which, a? a gentleman ot Knglnnd, living at; bouiu
at f;i8. , I should li .ve dreamed ttiyseff perhaps H
electro-hiologlscd to dreain of:?
1 saw hubound* buttonless, bill uncotnphiin
I saw lialchelora of niiaogyilic inspect sedulously
rocking the cradle.
I saw several members of (lie Meddler falllily
diligent ly niifidiiig their own business inatead
oi everybnd y else's.
I Haw maiiv a Biw-Iiil t."?- 1 ? >;* 11
o.??uonug, merajiy, u?
Home* purpose here. J^H
I H'w lots ui .London loungers enjoying (ho
utter reverse of "?/iinn cww rftj."
I mhw miverul of iny "used up" friends experieneing
quite a new sensation in the pickaxe. |.
1 saw thai ff'wmand GtfTTLER pitching eon- p
tenleiiiy into a k?ngnro/> chop.
1 saw the ?x-fop, iS\t;M.i,iN.;Ti>S, dressed in H
eqduroys and highlows, and most complacently ~ fH
intent upon washing out his last week's shin. *'H
(For I mentally italicised thai emphatic aingu- H
i raw many an emigrated pauper picking up
x ili rei 1 living (or hiui.-ell, here, merely with
his pickaxe. 'H
I saw many nti expatriated Mawwom^ who, H
deemed gold to he ' the root of ull evil." cec. H
tainly proved himself most zealous in assisting H
to eradicate it. ' H
And finally,! saw on all a idea abundant evi. H
dence to - how tl at one the richest fields for H
enterprise, was now?the Gold Field.?Punch. H
LOTTERIE? . I
MAGNIFICENT LOTTERIES for Aug. ]8o2.
I'.'l YMi:.\'T OF PRIZES GUARANTEED K1 I
THE STATE or MARYLAND. i H
MAH10N & CO., I
Regular Licensed Agents, Office No. 2 Calvert fl
Street, Baltimore, Maryland.
The following grand and Magnificent Lotteries
arc mot particularly worthy of the attention of the H
public, comprising some of the most brilliant H
Schemes ever drawn in the United States.
To tIk** who want Prizes, we say select out
the Lottery you wish to purchase tickets in and
enclose the cush to us, and we will endeavor to *
send you a hundsonie prize ; for recollect the old
maxim says "no risk no gain," and a single outlay
with us may secure you a fortune for life?if !
addressed to the grate Prize sellers
MARION & CO., _
Rahimore, Maryland.
LOOK! LOOK! HERE THEY ARE.
To he Capitals. Price of Price of cer. of Pack, of K
drawn. Tickets. Wholes. Half- Quarters
Aug. 9, >30,01 $8 $110 $55 $27,40 i
" II, 8,000 2 j 36 18 9,00
" 13, 13,500 4 . 0(1 30 15 00 g|
" M, ;>0,00i> 15 234 117 58,50 f
" 17 , 20,000 5 '<4 37 ]8 5!) u
" 19, 4,021 1 10 H 4,00
" 21 30,000 10 130 03 32,00
" 23 . 25,000 8 110 55 27.50
" 24 20,000 5 74 37 18.50
" 27 7,500 2 30 15 7,5) ?
" 28 4.41M) I 15 7,50 3,75 (
" 31 4,000 1 14 7 3.5J $
At. I I At IV IHK 1 >.!'-Y t: 1ST CHANCE l;ltlt Al'F0RI>i.D ?
to Realize a Fortune. *
Ily fending us 850, we will forward certificates 4*
<>f tickets in any designated Lottery to the ?
amount of a jpO e >
For V) C<il;f',.(itep of Tickets i25 Li
For do do do &> r
,or tin do do 600
l'or $5.00 do ,|o do
i lint we indemnify, in the worst event" ?ur i-?t
ustomers against the |oss of more than ft IV
in the .ollnr. '?!
We are aware of the responsibility assume
in unking this offer, liut a oonfidit* f"'1'1 in the
brilliant lurk of our far-famed nndiruly fortunate
house is our only apology. R have seldom
known a loss to ensue, white Ve have repeatedly
w11ne^sell the most glorious result'- ?
?L5-*We keep the strict**' confidence, we
answer orders promptly, nt/'',e drawings legularly,
and have sold mnr?^rlze' 'ban any other
venders in the United Sr' *
SPECIAL NOT I CP?lemons and lucky
Patapsco Lottery, Fry) will hereafter lie
drawn on TuenJe > Thunlay mid Saturday of
each wei k. Q* ilals, 53,000 *2,500 10
' -IS I, ()() '), "Vr. ?' Pickets si, Halves AO its., IJ
titiurieiH, jt'c's. A full Certificate of 25 Whole
I i -.. J, I hie liiniou-: lilll,' Scheme will cost but j1'
^KJ, JJsves <.h, Q.uar,ers $4, and a single Pac.k..
. nw the fori highest Prizes in the Lottery
All writers to secure the earliest attention
hrst ach-non of regular Packages, or single
"tekets and Shares, must he forwarded without
-!,',i v . i!-i mt.lrci to the grest Prize Agents,
MARION <& CO..
Baltimore, Mnrj''#,|d.
The Official Drawing of these grest Lotteries
duly i-!>ft 'd t" l?y the State Commissioners .jf
will he scot immediately after it is rfrnwn, to all
w i i I, . i - Mc Hi, miIi i lull f v pl.'tnal ion of tha 3
I
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