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THE COLUMBIAN FOUNTAIN
Pledged to the cause of Temperance. | T R I - W F F K I Y $ Containing Articles, original and selected, on erery subject ' ? r ) I III I? L L l\ L || ( calculated to interest, instruct, aud beuetit its readers. VOLUME I. PUBLISHED BY THE OOMMITTHE, EVERY TUESDAY, THURSDAY, AND SATURDAY MORNiNoT^ P17*B|?]L 9, WASH0CJTOI, p. C. TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 25, 1845. ii, -i . i ; | -rr- i i i i I . . ' i. ? i':- ? ? "? "" THE COLUMBIAN FOUNTAIN, Three times u vxtk, on a super-*oyal sliect. Il will be delivered to subscribers in the District, at two ceuts per number, payable weekly. To distant subscribers it will be mailed ai Two Dollars and fifty cents per year, pay able in advance. TERMS OF ADVERTISING. Oae square of 14 lines, one insertion, 3' two insertions 60 three 75 two weeks 1 25 one month 1 50 | two months 2 50 three u 3 00 six months 5 00 twelve " t 50 Professional cards of five lines, or under, 3 00 per year. While the "Columbian Fountain" will be devoted to the cause of Tempetence, its columns will be enriched by original articles on subjects calculated to interest, instruct, and benefit its readers. It is intended so to blend variety, amusement, and instruction, as that the various tastes of its patrons may be (as far as it is practicable) gratified. Commerce, Literature, and Science, and every other subject of interest, not inconsis tent with Temperance and morality, will re ceive the earnest attention of the publishers. Nothing of a sectarian, political, or personal character will be; admitted. C IT T DIRECT6RX . CHURCHES. Baptist, Rev. O. B. Brown, 10th street, be tween E and F. Baptist, Rev. Mr. Samson, ? street, be tween 6th and 7th. Baptist, Rev. Mr. Heudrickson, cor. of 4th street and Virginia avenue. Baptist, Shiloh, Elder' Robert C. Leach man, on Virginia avenue, near 4 1-2 street. Catholic, St. Patrick's, Rev Mr. Matthews, assisted by Rev. James B. Donblan, F street, between 9th and 10th streets. Catholifc', St. Matthew's, Rev. John r. Donelan, corner of H and 15th streeto. Catholic, St. Peter's, Rev. Mr. Van Ilorsiegh, 2d street, between C and D, Capitol hill. Friends, I street, between 18th and 19th. Lutheran, English, Rev. Dr. Muller, cor ner of Uth and H streets. . Lutheran, German, Rev. Mr. Bevan, cor ner of G and 20th streets. Methodist, Ebenezer, Rev. Messrs. Ege and Hanson, 4th street, between F and G, navy yard. ' . j Methodist, Foundry, Rev. Mr. Tarring and T. A. Morgan, corner of 14th and G streets: Methodist, Wesley chapel, Rev. N. Wfl- j son, corner of F and* 5th streets. Methodist, McKendree chapel, Rev. Mr. E?rgleston, Mass. avenue, between 9th aud l?th. Methodist, Ryland Chapel, Rov. I', b. Evans, pastor, corner of Maryland avenue and 10th st. Methodist Protestant, Rev. Mr. Matchett, 9th street, between E and F. Methodist Protestant, Rev. Mr. Murray, pastor, Odd-Fellows Hall, navy yard. Presbyterian, Rev. Dr. Laurie, F. street, between 14th and 15th. 1st Presbyterian, Rev. Mr. Sprole, 4 1-^ street, between C and D. 2d Presbyterian, Rev. Mr Knox, corner of H street and New York avenue. 4th Presbyterian, Rev. J. C. Smith, 9ih street, between G and II. Presbyterian, a new church, neariy done, on 8th, between H and I sts., Rev, Septimus Tuston, pastor?residence on 8th near G Christ, Episcopal, Rev. Mr. Bean, G street, between 6th and 7th, navy yard. ( St. John's Episcopal, Rev. Mr. Pyne, cor ner 16th andH streets. 1 Trinity, Episcopal, Rev. Mr. Stringfellow, 6th street, between Louisiana avenue and E street. Epiphany, Episcopal, Rev. Mr. trench, G street, between 13th and 14th. Ascension, Episcopal, Rev. Mr. Gilliss, H street, between 9th and and 10th, temporarily occupyinjr McLeod's school room, 9th street between G and It. Unitarian, R<iv. Mr. , corner of V and 6th streets. African, Union Bethel, M. E., Rev. Adam S. Driver, M between 15th and 16th streets. African, Israel, M. E., Henry C. I urner, near the Capitol. . . , First Presbyterian, (colored,) J. F. Cook, 15th, between I and K streets. MASONtC. Federal Lodge, No. 1?room corner ol 12th- street and Pennsylvania avenue; regu lar night of meeting, first Monday in every month. . _r . , ? N?v*l Lodge, No- 4?room Masonic h*U, navy yard i regular night of meeting, first Saturday ifl ev^ry month. PotoiW. Lodge, No. ?. room in Bridge .treet, oppoww Unkm Ho. Ml ..raguUroVu of meeuag. four* Fnd?y in Lebanon Lodge, No. 7?room corner of 12th street and Penn. Avenue, third story; regular meeting, first Friday in every month. New Jerusalem Lodge, No 9?room on C street, between 6th and 4 1-2 streets; reg ular meeting, tliird Tuesday in every month. Hiram Lodgfr* No. 10?room over West market, 1st ward; regular meeting, first Wednesday in every months Grand Lodge of District of Columbia? annual communication first Tuesday in No vember; semi-annual, first Tuesday in May. Installation meeting, St. Johp's day, 27th December. t O. O. F. Central Lodge, No. 1?room City Hall; night of regular meeting, Friday. Washington Lodge, No 6?-room City Hall; night of regular meeting, Tuesday. Eastern Lodge, No. 7?occupies a room in Masonic hall, navy yard; night of regu lar meeting, Friday. Potomac Lodge, No. 8?-Odd Fellows' hall, Alexandria; regular night of meeting, Friday. Harmony Lodge, No; 9?Odd Fellows' hall, corner of 7th and G streets, navy yard, regular night of meeting, Monday. Columbia Lodge, No. 10?room City Hall; regular night of meeting, Thursday. Union Lodge, No. 11?Odd Fellows' hall, navy yard; regular night of meeting, Wednesday. Friendship Lodge, No. 12?room over West market, first ward; night of regular meeting, Thursday. Covenant Lodge, No. 13?Georgetown ; at their Hall, Congress st. Monday. Mount Vernon Lodge, No. 14?room old Masonic hall, Alexandria; regular night of meeting, Tuesday. Beacon Lodge, No. 15?room City Hall; regular night of meeting, Monday. Columbian Encampment, N o. 1?room City hall; regular night of meeting last Wednesday in every month. Marley Encampment, No. 2?Odd Fel lows' hall/ Alexandria; regular nights of meeting, second and fourth Mondays in every moQth. Mount Pisgah Encampment, No. 3?Odd Fellows'' hall, Georgetown ; regular nights of meeting, 1st and 3d Tuesday in every month. Grand Lodge of the District of Columbia, meets annually on the second Monday in November, and quarterly on the second Mondays of January, AprU, July, and Oc tober. I. O. R. M. Powhatt&n Tribe, No. 1?room on C street; regular night of meeting, every Tues day. Osceola Tribe, No. 2, Alexandria?meets at Odd Fellows' Hall, Columbus st., Wed nesday. Anacostia Tribe, No. 3, Odd Fellows' Hall, Navy Yard?Thursday. Uncas Tribe, No. 4, Odd Fellow's Hall, Georgetown, Wednesday. Grand Council meets first Tuesday in every month. Washington Literary and Debating So ciety?meets every Thursday evening, at the session room of the Baptist church, 10th street. Vine Lyceum Society?meets weekly over the Washington Library, 11th street. Washington Benevolent Society?m?ets at their hall on G, between 6th and 7th sts, the first T uesday in every month. Anacostia Benevolent Society meets the 15th of every month, one hour after sunset, in the Anacostia engine house. John O' Neale, president. Freeman's Vigilant Total Abstinence So ciety, meets every Thursday evening, in the Franklin Engine house, 14th street. UNITED BROTHERS OF TEMPERANCE. District Assembly meets monthly, in Dr. F. Howard's Lecture room, on 11th street, between F and G. Officers. Ulysses Ward, President, Washington city. Robert P. Anderson, 1st Vice do. Robert M. Larmour, 2d do Alexandria. George Savage, 3d do Washington. J. B. B. Wilsou, Recording Secretary. L. S. Beck, Assistant do Richard L. Cams, jr. Cor. do Alexandria. F. Howard, M. D., Treasurer. J. L. Henshaw, Marshal, Association No. 1, meets every Friday evening, at the Hall, on C street. Junior Association, No. 1, meets on Mon day, at Northern Liberty Engine House. Association No. 2, every Tuesday even ing, Odd Fellows' Hall, Navy Yard. Association, No. 3, on Tuesday evening, over West Market. Association No. 4, Alexandria, Old Brook Lodge, St. Asaph, near K ing st., Friday. Association No. 5, Georgetown. SONS OF TEMPERANCE. Grand Divison?meets 2d Monday of October, January, April, and July, at the hall of Sons of Temperance, C nt. Officers^ William Whitney, G.-W. P. C. W.BoteUr, Jr., G. W. A. Z. K. Offutt, G. S. John Waters, G. Treasurer Joseph Radcliff, G? Chaplain. J. W., bexter, G, C. J. If. Dfc'vis, G. S. , J. D. Clark, P. G. W. P. Timothy Division, No. 1?at the Hall of the Sons of Temperance on C street; regu lar night of meeting, Wednesday. Harmony PiviBon, No 2?Alexandria, N. E. corner of Market square, Monday. Crystal Fount Division, No. 3?Hall of the Sons of Temperance, C steet; Monday. Potomac Division, No. 5?Odd Fellows' Hall, Georgetown; Friday. Equal Division, No. 6?Dr. Howard's Lecture Room, corner of F and 11th sts.; Tuesday. Marion Division, No. 7?West Market, Mohday. Franklin Division, No. 8?Odd Fellows' Hall, Georgetown. Union Division, No. 9?Tennally Town. Howard Division, No. 10?Odd Fellows' Hall; Navy Yard BANKS. Patriotic Bank?7th street, between C and D streets?discount day, Thursday. G. C. Grammar,President; Chauncy Bestor, Cash ier. Bank of Washington?corner of Louisiana avenne and C street?discount day, Tues day. Wm. Gilntbn, President; Jas. Adams, Cashier. Bank of the Metropolis?Pcnnsylvaniaave- ! nue, between F and G. streets, opposite the Treasury Department, discount day, Monday John P. Van Ness, President; Richard Smith, Cashier. Farmers and Mechanics' Bank, George town, Southeast corner of Bridge and Con gress sts. FIRE COMPANIEB. Union?located At the corner of II and 20th streets ; regular night of meeting, the 2d Tuesday in every month. W. B. Magru der, President. Franklin?located on 14th street, near Pennsylvania avenue; regular night of meet ing, the first Tuesday in every month. Robert Coltman, President. Perseverance?located on Pennsylvania avenue, Centre market square ; regular night of meeting, thefirstThuraday in every month. C. Buckingham, President. j Northern Liberties?located on the cor ner of Massachusetts avenue and 8th street; regular night of meeting, the first Wednesday in every month. John Y. Bryant, Presi dent. Island?located on Maryland avenue, be tween 10th and 11th streets; regular night j of meeting, tho in every month. Wm. Lloyd, President Columbia?located on South Capitol street, near the Capitol; regular night of meeting the first Thursday in every month. James Adams, President. Anacostia?located on Virginia avenue and L street south; regular night of meeting the first Friday in every month. Jonas B. El lis President. INSURANCE COMPANIES. Firemen's Insurance Company of George town and Washington?office in the hall of the Perseverance Fire Company's building, Centre Market square. Jas. Adams Presi dent ; Alexander Mclntire, Secretary. Franklin Insurance Company?office cor ner of 7th and D streets, next door to the Patriotic Bank. G. C. Grammer, President; Geo. Stettinus, Secretary. Potomac Fire Insurance Company?of fice on Bridge street, Georgetown. John Kurtz, President; Ilenry King, Secretary. GEORGETOWN DIRECTORY. CHURCHES. Episcopal, Christ Church, Rev. Mr. Gas oway, corner of Beau and Congress streets. Episcopal, St. John, Rev. Mr. Shiras, cor ner of 2d and Potomac streets. Presbyterian, Rev. Mr. Berry, corner of Bridge and Washington streets. Methodist Episcopal, Revs. Mr. Wicks and Griffith, corner of Montgomery street. Methodist Protestant, Rev. Mr. Varden, Congress street. Catholic, Trinity, Revs. Mr. McElroy and O'Hanagan, 1st street. FIRE COMPANIES. Vigilant, High street, between Canal and Bridge street; Henry King, President. Western Star, High street, between Pros pcct and 1st streets; Mr. Shoemaker, Presi dent. | M.EXAXDR M DIRE C TOR Y. CHURCHES. Baptist, vacant, E. Washington, near Prince street. Catholic, St Mary's, Rev. Ignatius Coombs, assisted by Rev. John Aiken, E. Royal, near Duke street. Friends, S. W. corner of St. Aaaphs and j Wolfe streets. | Methodist Episcopal, Rev. Job Guest, as sisted by Kev. Samuel V. Blake, E. Wash ington, between King and Prince streets. Methodist Protestant, Rev. John S. Rcesr, D. D., W. Washington, near King street 1st Presbyterian, (Old School,) Rev. Eli as Harrison, W. Faiifax, near Wolfe street. 2d Presbyterian, (New School,) Rev. Joshua M. Danforth, N. W. corner of Prince and St Asaph streets. Protestant Episcopal, Christ Chnre h; Rev Charles B. Dana, Cameron, between Wash ington and Columbus streets. Protestant Episcopal, St. Paul's, Rev. James T. Johnston, E. Pitt, near Dtike street. African Methodist, E. Washington, near Gibbon street. African Buptisf, W. Alfred, near Duke street. MASONIC. Alexandria Washington Lodge, No. 22, meets at the Masonic Hall, Market Square, 1st Thursday of every month. Mt. Vernon Chapter, No. ?, meets at Masonic Hail 1st Tuesday of every month. BANKS. Bank of Potomac, N. Prince, between Royal and Pitt streets?discount day Thurs day, Phineas Jannay, President; Washing ton C. Page, Cashier. Farmers Bank, S. W. corner of Prince and Water streets?discount dayMondsy; Robert Jamieson, Pres't; John HofF, Cashier. Alexandria Library, at Lyceum building, S. W. corner of Washington and Prince streets, Charles R. Stuart, Librarian. Patrick Henry Debating Society, meets at the Hall of the Heydraulion Fire Company every Tuesday evening. FIRE COMPANIES. Friendship, organized 1774, N. Kihgs, above Columbus street: meets 1st Monday of every month: Charles Coones, Presi dent. Sun, organized 1775, East side of Market Square: meets 1st Saturday of every month: George H. Smoot, President. Relief, organized 1788, E. Fairfax, near Duke street: meets 3d Thursdays of March, June, September and December: Stephen Shinn, President. Slar, organized 1799, W. Washington, near Cameron streets:. meets 1st Wednesdays of March, June, September and December: John Leadbeater, President. Hydraulion, organized 1827, East side of Market Square: meets 1st Mondays of Feb ruary, May, August and November: Benja min Barton, President. Samuel Sanderson, Inspector of Fire Ap paratus. ARMORIES. Mount Vernon Guards and Columbian Riflemen, at the old Court House Market Square. INSURANCE OFFICES. Alexandria Fire Insurance Company Of fice, N- King, below St. Anaph street; Hugh Smith, President; Nathaniel Wattles, Sec retary. Marine Insurance Company Office, Fire Insurance Companys Building; N.Watties, President; Dwight Metcalfe, Secretary. MISCELLANEOUS. ? The Forced Sale. A TOUCHING TALE FROM REAL LIFE. It was a tempestuous night?the winds whistled fearfully?and hailstones, whose size threatened to demolish the windows, rattled against them with a pertinacity as if to test their strength. In the parlor of a fine old-fashioned house, beside rather a comfortless fire on such a night, were seated the family of Mr. Sutherland, consisting of himself, wife, daughter, and a faithful maid servant. A heavy gloom, more of sorrow than of anger, rested on each brow, not even excepting that of the maid servant alluded to, from whose eager glances, ever and anon cast toward the family group, n close observer would have noticed the deep interest she took in the cause of her grief. The picture was a melancholy one, for virtue in distress has no light shade to re lieve? all around it is dark and sombre. The sensitive artist would have thrown aside his pencil, if the subject had been presented to his view as we have described it, and his heart would have received an impression which Could have been transferred to can vass. "To-morrow," observed Mr. Sutherland, " is the anniversary of the melancholy deatli of our dear Henry?to-morrow will be ten years since the vessel in which he sailed was lost* and all on board perished?all, all." " Alas," exclaimed the wife, as the tears coursed their way down her cheeks, "to morrow will be a melancholy day." " Indeed it will, for to-morrow this house, which belonged to iny father?the furniture, in which time has made, as it were, part oi ourselves, and associated with many a pleas ing event in our lives, is to be sold?torn from us by the unrelenting hands of credit ors. But, thank Heaven, misfortune, not crime, has reduced us to this stage of pov erty." "Will they sell every thing. Pa??can we secure nothing ?" asked the daughter. "No, my child, unless, with what little money a friend has generously loaned me, I can secure a few articles. Ellen, my dear, lake, your pencil and put them down: first the sideboard, two beds, chairs and kitchen things. The side-board, it is true, will be to us now a superfluous piece of furniture; but it belonged to my mother, and I caftnot, will not part with it." 44 But my piano, Pa!?must it go The wife sighed, the father oast his eyes towards the, flickering fire, and the daughter I was silent. The late of the piano was de cided upon. A melancholy pause m the conversation plainly told how severe was ihe alternative?for the law never studrea the feelings of its victims when exacting the penalty of a boud. "Go, Mary," said Mr. Sutherland, un dressing the servant, "go and request the sheriffs officer, who is watching the prop erty, to walk into the parlor; he is only do ing his duty?no doubt it is as painful to him as distressing to us. Let him have a seat at our fire, for it is a severe night." " It is, indeed, a fearful night,1' observed Mrs. Sutherland, and we have behaved rude to this man. "Mother, I have a fire in the room where he?but " " Speak out child?it was with the laat stick." " Father it was " Mary returned with the officer, a polite gentlemanly man?fox^such should be the character of n^en w% have to perforin a part in the drama of life?unlike that of the inquisitors of old, whose province it was to I torture by the rack; with this difference, I however, theirs was a physicial torture? ours a mental one, administered with all the nicety and precision of legal justice! The officer politely accepted the invitation, and endeavored to cheer his victims'by enumer ating many cases of a similar kind, equally poignant and distressing. Thus the even ing passed heavily and cheerlessly away. On the morning of the contemplated sale, there was to be seen a crowd of peoj^e flocking to the house of Mr. Sutherland some out of sheer, heardess curiosity, friends of the family, who came with mockery on their lips, and empty purses?others with an I intent to purchase; but not one among the crowd showed the least desire to aid, assist, or sympathize with the distress of the family. This is the world ;?we laugh at the misfor tunes of our fellow creatures, and even mock their distresses, by witnessing in silence their sneerings. 'fhe auctioneer was now making his arrangements by flourishing his hammer, rolling his eyes, And using hi3 tongue. The motely crowd gathered around hjm<?The house was put up first-, it was accurately described?free from all incum brances, and subject to bqt very small ground rent. It was started at five thousand dol lars. There were several bidders all of whom seemed desirous to purchase it. Seven thousand five hundred dollars was at last bidden, upon Which he dwelt for a a moment. Mr. Sutherland compressed his lips together and muttered to hirtiself," It cost my fatlier fifteen thousand dollars." "Seven thousand five hundred dollars; going?once?twicc?three times?for the last time going." " Eight thousand!" " Thank you, sir. Going at eight thou sand?once eight thousand, twice?eight thousand, three timefr?going?gone? W fiat name?" " Clifford," was the response; and all eyes rested on a tall, noble looking man who had remained silent during the rapid bidding of the speculator?and who, as-the whisper went round, was a total stran ger. " It is gone," whispered Mr. Sutherland to his wife, as he pressed he*1 hand in silent grief; u we have no home now," " Now, gentlemen," said the auctioneer," we will sell this side board, in regard to which I am requested by the creditor to say, that it is an old family piece, and it is the wish of the owner to retain possession of it if possible. I merely mention it, as it is known to you uuder what peculiar circum stances the things are sold." This had the desired effect?noonescsm ed willing to bid against the unfortunate man; who started it at ten dollars. Twenty was bid by Mr. Clifford; twenty-five by Mr. Sutherland; fifty from Mr. Clifford si lenced the anxious parents, and the family piece of furniture was knocked down to the new possessor of the house. A gentleman who stood by remarked, that the act was a cold, heartless one. "Was it!" sarcastically asked Mr. Clif ford. " Then, sir, why did you not buy it for him ?" Mr. Sutherland was much affected at this little incident. " He little knows how much he has lacerated this heart. But 1 will pur chase the piano for my child." He stepped up to Mr. Clifford, and told him the desire he had to purchase the piano for his daughter, anil " he hoped he would not bid against him." "Sir," said the stranger, "as much as I respect your feeling/; and the sympathy of this good Company, I cannot, nay, will not, alter the determination made when I first entered this house." "And pray, sir, what will that be r" -"To purchase every thing in it, and by heavens Fll do it, though I pay double Prl" Strange," muttered Mr. Sutherland, and he found his family in another part of the room. . n . The stranger fulfilled his promts*, anfl( actually bought every thing, from the homsa itself down to the very axe in the cellar! After the sale was over, and the company i See fourth page.