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THE COLUMBIAN FOUNTAIN
S *' Pledged to the cause of Temperauce. } TRI-WEEKLY, j 1 VOLUME I. PUBLISHED BY THE COMMITTEE, EVERY TUESDAY, THURSDAY, AND SATURDAY MORNING. NUMBER 16. WASHINGTON, D. C. TUESDAY, DECEMBER t>, 1845. THE COLUMBIAN FOUNTAIN, Three times a week, on a sujtenroyaF-sfveet It will be delivered to sobsctfbjrs in the District, at two cents per mpnber, finable | weekly. > ' -1 ' *4 To distant subscribers it will be mailed at ] * Two Dollars and fifty cents per year, pay ' able in advance. TERMS OF ADVERTISING. One square of 14 lines, one insertion, 37 two insertions <i0 three 75 two weeks 1 25 one month 1 50 two months 2 501 v three " 3 00 six months 5 00 twelve " 7 50 .professional cards of Jive lines, or under, 3 00 i per year. While the " Columbian Fountain " will be devoted to the -cause of Temperance, it* J columns will be enriched by original articles on subjects calculated to interest, instruct, and benefit its readers. It is intended so to I blend variety, amusement, and instruction, as that the various tastes of its patrons may I be (as far as it is practicable) gratified. Commerce, Literature, and Science, and every other subject of interest, not inconsis tent with Temperance and morality, will re ceive the earnest attention of the publishers, j Nothing of a sectarian, political, or personal character will be admitted. GEORGETOWN DIRECTORY. CHURCHES. Episcopal, Christ Church, Rev. Mr. Gas oway, corner of Beau and Congress streets. Episcopal, St. John, Rev. Mr. Shiras, cor ner of 2d and Potomac streets. Presbyterian, Rev. Mr. Berry, corner of Bridge and Washington streets. Methodist Episcopal, Revs. Mr. Wicks and Griffith, corner of Montgomery street. Methodist Protestant, Rev. Mr. Varden,! Congress street. , Catholic, Trinity, Revs. Mr. McElroy and | O'Hanagan, 1st street. MASONIC. Potomac Lodge, No. 5, Georgetown room in Bridge street, opposite Uftion Ho tel i regular night of meeting, iourth Friday in every month. I. O. O. F. Covenant Lodge, No. 13?Georgetown; at their Hall, Congress st. Monday. Mount Pisgah Encampment, No. 3?Odd Fellows' hall, Georgetown ; regular nights of meeting, 1st and 3d Tuesday in every month. f I. O. R. M. Uncas Tribe, No. 4, Odd Fellow's Hall, Georgetown, Wednesday. UNITED BROTHERS OF TEMPERANCE. Association No. 5, Georgetown. SONS OF TEMPERANCE. Potomac Division, No. 5?Odd Fellows' Hall, Georgetown; Friday. Franklin Division, No. 8?Odd Fellows' Ilall, Georgetown. FIRE COMPANIES. Vigilant, High street, between Canal and Bridge street; Henry King, President. Western Star, High street, between Pros pect and 1st streets; Mr. Shoemaker, Presi dent. ALEXANDRIA DIRECTORY. CHURCHES. Baptist,vacant, E.Washington, near Prince street. Catholic, St. Mary's, Rev. Ignatius Coombs, assisted by Rev. John Aiken, E. Royal, near Duke street. Friends, S. W. corner of St. Asaph and Wolfe streets. Methodist Episcopal, Rev. Job Guest, as sisted by Rev. Samuel V. Blake, E. Wash ington, between King and 1 rinee streets. ? Methodist Protestant, Rev. John S. Reese, D. D., W. Washington, near King street. 1st Presbyterian, (Old School,) Rev. Eli j as Harrison, W. Fairfax, near Wolfe street. 2d Presbyterian, (New School,) Rev. Joshua N. Danforth, N. W. corner of Prince and St. Asaph streets. Protestant Episcopal, Christ Church, Rev. Charles B. Dana, Cameron, between Wash A ington and Columbus streets. Protestant Episcopal, St. Paul's, Rev. V James T. Johnston, E. Pitt, near Duke street. African Methodist, E. Washington, near j Gibbon street. Afriean Baptist, W. Alfred, near Duke street. MASONIC. Alexandria Washington Lodge, No. 22, meets at the Masonic Hall, Market S<pmre, every Thursday. Mt. Vernon Chapter, No. ?, meets at Masonic Hall 1st Tuesday of every month. I. O. O. F. Potomac Lodge, No. 8? Odd Fellows' hall, Alexandria; regular night of meeting, Mount Vernon Lodge, No. 14 room old Masonic hall, Alexandria; regular night of meeting, Tuesday. " Marl(-y Knaunpnieat, No. 2?Odd Fel-i L all> Alexandria; regular nights of meeting, second and fourth Mondays in every month. I. O. R. M. ' f nnr'iJ"'16' No" 2> Alexandria?meets at Odd Fellows' Hall, Columbus st., Wed nesday. UNITED BROTHERS OF TEMPERANCE Association No. 4, Alexandria, Old Bropk Lodgfe, St. Asaph, near King st., Friday, day, Phineas Janncy, President: Washiiiff ton C. Page, Cashier. 5 Farmers Bank, S. W. corner of Prince and Water streets?discount day Monday: Robert Janueson, Pres't; John Hoff, Cashier. Alexandria Library, at Lyceum building, o. W. corner of Washington and Prince streets, Charles 1. Stuart, Librarian. ^cnr)r Debating Society, meets at the Ilall ol the Hydraulion Fire Company every Tuesday evening. SONS OF TEMPERANCE. Harmony Divison, No 2?Alexandria, ?L- corner of Market square, Monday. BANKS. Bank of Potomac, N. Prince, between Koyal and Pitt streets?discount day Thurs FIRE COMPANIES. Friendship, organized 1774, N. King, above Columbus street: meets 1st Monday of every month: Charles Koones, Presi dent. Sun, organized 1775, East side of Market Square. meets 1st Saturday of every month * George H. Smoot, President. Relief, organized 1788, E. Fairfax, near Duke street: meets 3d Thursdays of March, June, September and December: Stephen Shinn, President. Star, organized 1799, W. Washington, near Cameron streets: meets 1st Wednesdays of March, June, September and December: John Leadbeater, President. Hydraulion, organized 1827, East side of Market Square: meets 1st Mondays of Feb ruary, May, August and November: Benja min Barton, President. Samuel Sanderson, Inspector of Fire Ap paratus. ARMORIES. Mount Vernon Guards and Columbian Riflemen, at the old ?ourt House Market Square. INSURANCE OFFICES. Alexandria Fire Insurance Company Of fice, N. King, belowKSu Asaph street; Hugh Smith, President; Nathaniel Wattles, Sec retary. Marine Insurance Company Office, Fire Insurance Companys Building; N. Wattles, 1 resident; D wight Metcalfe, Secretary. OPINIONS OF GREJiT MEN. Woe unto him that giveth his neighbeft drink, that puttest the bottle to him, and makest him drunken.?Holy writ. No proposition seems to me susceptible of more satisfactory demonstration than this?and 1 am sure no person can give it one hour's serious thought without assenting to it?that, in the pre sent state of information on this subject, no man can think to act on Christian principles, or do a patriot's duty to his country, and at the same time make or sell the instrument of intoxication. Hen ry Ware, Jr. Can it be right for me to derive a living from that which is debasing the minds and ruining the souls of others, or that which is destroying forever the happiness of the domestic circle, and which is filling the land with women and children in a con dition far more deplorable than that of widows and orphans ; or which is causing nine-tenths of all the crimes, or nine-tenths of all the paupers in the community.?Francis Wayland. I am deeply convinced that the evils of intem perance can never cease, till the virtuous in socie ty shall unite in pronouncing the man who attempts to accumulate wealth by dealing out poison and death to his neighbor, as infamous.?John Pier pout. I challenge any many who understands the na ture of ardent spirit, and for the sake of gain con tinues to be engaged in the traffic, to show that he is not involved in the guilt of murder.?Lyman Bcecher. They who keep these fountains of pollution and crime open, are sharers, to no small extent, in the guilt which flows from thwn. They command the gateway of that mighty flood which is spreading desolation through the land, and are chargeable with the present and everlasting consequences, no less than the infatuated victim who throws him self upon the bosom of the burning torrent, and is borne by it into the gulf of woe.?Samuel S/rring. Say not " I will sell by the hirc;e quantity?I have no tipplers about me, and therefore am not guilty." You are the chief man in this business, the others are only subalterns. You are a "poi soner general."? H i/bur Fisk, I): I). The men who traffic in ardent spirit, and sell to all who will buy, are poisoners general; they murder his majesty's subjects by wholesale; nei ther does their eye pity nor spare. And what is their gain? Is it not the blood of these men?? Who will envy their large estates and sumptuous palaces? A curse is in the midst of them. The curse of (?od is on their gardens, their walks, their groves ; a fire that burns to the nethermost hell. Blood, blood is there: the foundation, the floor, the walls, the roof, are stained with blood.?John Wesley. It ia a principle in law, that the perpetrator of crime, and the ace-esBorjr to it, are both (guilty, and deserving of punishment. Men have been hang ed for the violation of this principle. It applies to the law of God. And as the drunkard cannot go to heaven, can drunkard maker* ? Are they not, when tried by the principles of the Bible, in view of the developments of Providence, mani festly immoral men ??men who, for the sake of money, will knowingly be instrumental in corrupt ing the character, increasing the diseases, and de stroying the lives of their fellow men. ? ? ? Not only murderers, but those who excite others to commit murder, and furnish the known cause of their evil deeds, will, if they understand what they do, and continue to rebel against God, be shut out of heaven.?Justin Edwarits, D. D. You create paupers, and lodge them in your alms house?orphans, and give them a residence in your asylum?convicts, and send them to your penitentiary. You seduce men to crime, and then arraign them at the bar of justice?immure them in prison. With one hand you thrust the .dagger to the heart?with the other attempt to assuage the pain it causes.?Dr. Thomat Servant. You arc filling your alms houses, and jails, and penitentiaries, with victims loathsome and bur densome to the community. You are engaged jn a business which is compelling your fellow citizens to pay taxes to support the victims of your em ployment. You are filling up these abodes of j wretchodnes and guilt, and then asking your fel low citizens to pay enormous taxes indirectly to support it.?Rtv. Jllbert Barnes. Whether you will hear or whether you will for bear, I shall not cease to remonstrate; and when I can do no more to reclaim you, 1 will sit down at your gate and cry Murder! Murder! MURDER! Heman Humphrey, D. D. If men will engage in this destructive traffic, if they will stoop to degrade their reason and reap the wages of iniquity, let them no longer have the law book as a pillow, nor quiet conscience by the opiate of a license.?Hon. Theodore Prelinghxrysen. From the National Intelligencer. THE ANNUAL TREASURY REPORT. The Annual Report of the Secretary of the Treasury was, with commendable promptitude, placed upon the tables of the two Houses of Con gress on Thursday. It will probably be several days before it will be within our reach in printed form; and we have therefore made hasty notes of some of the most impoytant pabular* of in formation which it affords. We learn from it that the Receipts and Expen ditures for the fiscal year ending the 3oth June, 1845, were as follows . RECEIPTS AND MEANS. From customs $>27,528,112 70 From sales of public lands, 2,077,02-2 30 From miscellaneous sources, 163,998 56 Total receipts, 29,769,133 56 Add balance in Treasury July 1, 1844, 7,857,379 64 Total means, 37,626,513 20 The Expenditures during the same fiscal year amounted to 29,968,206 98 Leaving a balance in Treasury, July 1st, 1845, of 7,658,306 22 The estimated receipts and Expenditure* for the Jiscal year ending AOth June, I84<), are: RK.CEIPTS. From customs 1st quarter by ac tual returns $8i861,932 14 For 2d, 3d, and 4th quai^rs, as es timated 15,638,067 86 Total from customs 24,500,000 00 From sales of public lands 2,200,000 00 From miscellaneous and incidental sources 120,000 00 Total receipts 26,820,000 00 Add balance in Treasury 1st July, 1845 " 7,658,306 22 Total means, as estimated 34,478,306 22 Expenditures. The actual expenditures for first quarter, end ing 30th of Septem ber, 1845 $8,463,092,41 The estimated expen ditures for the other three quarters, from 1st October, 1845, to 30th of June 1846, arc : For civil list, foreign in ter course, and mis cellaneous purposes 6,739,211 06 Army proper 2,594,735 06 Fortifications,ordnance, arming militia, &c. 2,346,778 62 Indian department 1,649,791 94 Pensions 1,356,556 02 Interest on public debt and Treasury notes 856,976 48 Redemption of residue of loan of 1841 29,300 00 Treasury notes outstand ing 687,764 18 Naval establishment 4,902,845 <)3 $29,627,051 90 Which deducted from total means above stated, will leave in Treas ury on 1st July, 1P46, an estimat ed balance of 4,851,254 32 The estimated Receipts, Means, aud Expendi turet for the fiscal year commencing 1 ft July. 184C), and ending June 30, 1847, are as fol lows : RECEIPTS. From customs for the four quar ters #22,500,000 00 From public lands 2,400,000 00 From miscellaneous and inciden tal sources 100,000 00 23,000,000 00 Add estimated balance to be in the Treasury 1st July, 1846 4,851,254 32 Tota) estimated means for fiscal year ending 30 June, 1847 29,851,254 32 Expenditures. The estimated expenditure during the same period, viz. The balance of former appropriations which will be required to be expended in this year $1,441,457 10 Permanent and indefi nite approprirtians 2,997,915 72 Specific appropriations asked for this year 21,079,440 43 Total estimated expends tures 25,518,813 25 Which is coinpoeed of the following particulars: Civil list, foreign inter course, and miscella neous *#5,925,292 62 Army proper 3,364,458 92 Fortifications, ordnance, arming militia, &c., 4,331,809 93 Pensions 2,507,100 00 Indian Department 2,214,916 18 Naval establishment 6,339,390 88 Interest on public debt 835,844 72 #25,518,813 25 Which, deducted from the total of means before stated, gives an estimated balance on 1st July, 1847 of 4,322,441 07 ? The sum of #121,050 of debt assumed for the cities in the District of Columbia; the sum of I 41,000,000 for supplying deficiency in revenues from postage, and $350,000 for postages for Con gress and Executive Departments, are included in the sum of $5,925,292 62. THE YANKEE IN MAINE STREET. " I calculate I couldn't drive a trade with you to-day," said a true specimen of the Yankee ped ler,as he 9tood at the door of a merchant in Maine ? [ calculate you calculate about right, for you cannot," was the sneering reply. " Wal' I guess you needn't get huffy about it. Now here's a dozen real genuine razor strops, worth two dollars and a half?you may have 'em for two dollars." " I tell you 1 don't want any of your trash ; so you had better be going. " Wal now, I declare! I'll bet you five dollars if yon made me an offer for them are strops, we'll have a trade yet." Done !" replied the merchant, Pacing the money in the hands of a bystander. The Yan kee deposited the like sum when the merchant offered him a picayune for the strops. "They're yourn" said the Yankee, as he quietly fob'd the stakes. " But," he added, with great apparent honesty. " I calculate a joke's a joke, and if you don't want them strops I'll trade Haclc.*' The Merchants countenance brightened.? " You are not so bad a chap, after all; here are your strops so give me the money." " There it is." said the Yankee, as he received the strops and passed over the picayune. " A trade's a trade?and now you're wide awake, in airnest, I guess the next time you trade with that are pic, you'll do better than buy razor strops." And away walked the peddler with his strops and wager, amid the shouts of the laughing crowd.?Si Tsntui Jlriel. FRIGHTENED AT A GONG. We have heard a funny story told of a young fellow, residing in one of the tobacco-growing counties of Virginia, who recently made his first visit to the capital of the "Old Dominion/ for the purpose of selling his crop, seeing the sights, and rubbing off some of the rust which his back woods " fetching up" had thrown upon his man He reached Richmond about the middle of the forenoon, and was fortunate in selling his crop at an advantageous rate and almost immediately. Meeting with an old school boy?one who had lived in the city long enough to know its ways he was advised to take up his lodgings at Hoy den's. the crack house, of the nlace, and thither he at once went with bag and baggage. Just before dinner, his country friend called upon him, and found him comfortably located in a room just at the head of the first stairs. It was closely upon dinner time. " Supposing we take something to start an ap petite," said ?the chap who had "just come down." , ?. , .. , " Agreed," rejoined the city friend, a glass of wine and bitters for me. h go down to the bar and get it din uer's most ready," continued 1 he tobacco-grower. " We might as well have it up here," was the rejoinder. " (jood luck ; but how are we to call for it 1 " Ring that bell there." " What bell V " Pull that rope hanging there." The young fellow laid hold of the rope and .rave it a jerk, and just at that, moment the gong j sounded for dinner. Never had he heard such a sound before, and the rumbling crash came upon his ear with a report that stunned him.? He 8triggered back from the rope, raised both hands with horror, and exclaimed : " Cireat Jorusalem, what a smash! I've broke every piece of crockery in the house! ? There aint a whole dish left! You must stick by me old fellow," addressing his friend, ?' don't leave mc in this scrape, for my whole crop won't half pay the breakage. What did you tell ine to touch that cursed rone for?" Hut before his friend, who was all bursting with laughter, could answer, a servant entered the room with !? Did you ring the bell sir, sir ?" " Bell, no, d??n tour bell, 1 never touched a bell in my life?what bell ? I never saw your bell." , , " Somebody rung the bell of this room, that n certain," continued the servant. ?? they did'nt. There's nobody here that ever saw a bell," and then turning to his friend he exclaimed, aside, " let us lie him out' of it, I shan't hare a cent left to go home If J pay the entire damage. What do they set such raaoaliy traps as that for, to take in folks from the ooun try 7" After a violent fit of laughter, the friend was enabled to explain that it was only the gong sounding for dinner?a simple summons to "walk down to soup," got up on the Chinese plan.? They made their way to the dining room, but it was some time before the young tobacco-grower could get over the stunning and awful effects of that dreadful gong. " It was a God send," he said, " that the crash did not turn his hair grey on the 8pot." Flour?Wheat?Barlev.?The closing of the Canal enables us to lay before our readers the quantity, as near as we can estimate it, of the above articles which have reached tide' water this season with the estimated value of each ar ticle. Flopr.?We have estimated the value of the flour at $5,50 p?r bbl. for the year 1845, which is probabhr a fair average for that article at New York. The estimate value in 1844 was $4 50 per bbl. ? Receipts. Value. JoK 2,482,527 bbL $13,653,898 1844 2,222,204 ? 9,999^918 Increase 2(30,333 " Inc. $3,653,980 Wheat.?We have estimated the value of this article in New York at $1,25 per bush, for the year 1845.?'The estimated value in 1844 was 96 per bushel. Receipts. Value. 1845 1,604,112 bush.' $2,005,140 1844 1,262,249 " 1,211,759 Increase 341,863 Inc. $793,381 ! Reducing the wheat, to flour ,at the rate of 5 bush, to the barrel, we have the following aggre gation in quantity and value of these two impor tant articles in breadstuffs. Receipts. Value. J845 2,803,349 bbls. $15,418,419 1844 2,474,654 " 11,135,943 Increase 328,695 " Inc. $4,282,476 Barley.?We have more difficulty in avera ging the value of this article than of the other two. We have however, placed it at 59c per bu. for both sorts and taken the average from Sept. 1st to the present time. The average of last year was 63c per bu. Receipts. Value. 1845 1,144,114, buah. $675,027 1844 818,472 " 527,410 Increase 325,642 " Inc. $147,617 It should be borne in mind that the alwve re ceipts of barley are the reported receipt of bush, as appear by the clearances at the Collector's office. Each boat however, probably measures out on an average, 200 bush, more than appear on the clearance. Estimating accordingly, the actual receipts this year at tide water would be about 1,232,114, bushels and last year aboat 881,472 bushels. This would make the increase in bush els this year over last 351,162 and in value $159,847.? jilbany Argun. UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT. Fridat, Dec. 4,1845. Present ok Yesterdat. Jokn A. Rockwell, Esq., of Norwich, Connec ticut, and George W. Brent, of Virginia, were admitted Attorneys and Counsellors of tlm Court. No. 16, James Payne et al plantiff vs. Sanders Neely. Plantiff in error in this case having been [ called and not appearing, this writ of error was dismissed with cosU, on the motion of Mr. Mason Counsel for the defendent in error. Nos. 21. to 26. McKean Buchananyplantiff In i error v$ James Alexander and Mary .Ann Ander son. These cases were argued by Mr. Attorney General in behalf of the plantiff in error I No. 27. Hugh A Garland, plantiff in error w. | George M. Davis. This ca?e was argued by Mr Coxe for the defendent in error, and submitted on printed brief by Mr. R. Brent in behalf of the plantitTin error. Adjourned till Monday morning 11 o'clock. We stated in our last, that Levi Morgan and his father John Morgan, charged with having obtained money under false preten ces, had absconded leaving their bail minus to the amount of $1700. jt ,? but just to say that they have returned, and on Satur day last, filed in Court their affidavits stat ing that they could not obtain a fair and impartial trial in Frederick County Court. I he venue was accordingly changed, and the parties recognised for their apj>earance on 3d Monday of March next, at How ard District Court of Anne Arundel coun j *y.?Fred. Kxaminrr. A lady asked M~rT7eyk7lT,~? what was the difference between a solicitor, and an at torney ?" 441 recisely the same," he answered, " as between a crocodile and an abator." " What are the ways of Providence asked a Sunday School teacher of an urchin in his class. 1 he Railroad to Boston, and steamboat New York," was the reply. A proposition being before a certain City Council to lay out a public .vyiiviTV, one of the worthy members arose and gravely ex pressed the wish that if a square was deter mined upon, it might be laid in a circ.lc it looked so much better. There are three thousand and fifty-eight Teetotallers among the Cherokee*, a tribe which is acquiring many of the virtues with but few of the vices of civilization. Three thousand one hundred and forty eifiht nasenger* passed over the Eastern Railroad on | Wednesday last.