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THE COLUMBIAN FOUNTAIN
?nl. . ? '? , k fc ' : ? Pledged I# the cause of Tenifcrance. } TRI"WEEKLY, 1 VOLUME I. PUBLISHED BY THE OOMMITTEE, EVERY TUESDAY, THURSDAY, AND SATURDAY MORNINQ. NUMBip 1?. WASH 1\UTO.V, D. C. TUKSDA.Y, l)?CKTIBGR 16. 1845. T^E COLUMBIAN FOUNTAIN, Three times a week, on a super-royal sheet. It will be delivered to sujjscribHfg in the District, at two cents per niunber, payable weekly. To distant subscribers it will be mailed at Tico Dollars and fifty cents per year, pay able in advance. TERMS OF ADVERTISING. j One square of 14 lines, one insertion, 37 two insertions <j0 three 75 two weeks 1 25 one month 1 50 two months 2 50 three " 3 00 six months 5 00 twelve " 7 50 Professional cards of Jive lines, or under, 3 00 per year. ? While the "Columbian Fountain" will be devoted to the cause of Temperance, its columns will be enriched by original articles on subjects calculated to interest, instruct, and benefit its readers. It is intended so to blend variety, amusement, and instruction, as that the various tastes of its patrons may be (as far as it is practicable) gratified. Commerce, Literature, and Science, and every other subject of interest, uot inconsis tent with Temperance and morality, will re ceive the'earnest attention of the publishers. Nothing of a sectarian, political, or personal j character will be admitted. OPINIONS OF GREAT MEN. Woe unto him that giveth his neighbor drink, that putlest the bottle to him, and niakest him drunken.?Holy icril. No proposition 3cems to me susceptible of more satisfactory demonstration than this?and I am sure no person can give it one hour's Rerious thought without assenting to it?that, in the pre sent state of information on this subject, no man can think to act on Christian principles, or do a patriot's duty to his country, and at the same time make or sell the instrument of intoxication.?Hen ry Ware, Jr. Can it be right for me to derive a living from that whieh is debasing the minds and ruining the sonts of othcrJ, of that which is destroying forever the happiness of the domestic circle, and which is filling the land with women and children in a con dition far more deplorable than that of widows and orphans ; or which is causing nine-tenths of all the crimes, or nine-tenths of all the paupers in the community.-*Francis IVayland. I am deeply convinced that the evils of intem perance can never cease, till the virtuous in socie ty shall unite in pronouncing the man who attempts to accumulate wealth by dealing out poison and 1 death to his neighbor, as infamous.?John Pier- I pont. I challenge any many who understands the na ture of ardent spirit, and for the sake of gain con tinues to be engaged in the traffic, to show that he is not involved in the guilt of murder.?Lyman Beeclur. ) They who keep these fountains of pollution and crime open, are sharers, to no small extent, in the guilt which fiows from them. They command the gateway of that mighty flood which is spreading desolation through the land, and are chargeable with the present and everlasting consequences, no less than the infatuated victim who throws him self upon the bosom of the burning torrent, and is borne by it into the gulf of woe.Samucl Spring. Say not " I will sell by the largo quantity?I have no tipplers about me, and therefore am not guilty." . You are the chitf maa in this business, the others are only subalterns. You are a "poi soner general."? Wilbur Fisk, D. D. The men who traffic in ardent spirit, and sell to all who will buy, are poisoners general; they murder his majesty's subjects by wholesale; nei ther does their eye pity nor spare. And what is their gain? Is it not the blood of these men?? Who will envy their large estates and sumptuous palaces ? A curse is in the midst of them. The eurse of God is on their gardens, their walks, their groves ; a fire that burns to the nethermost hell. Blood, blood is there: the foundation, the floor, the walls, the roof, arc stained with blood.?John Wesley. It is a principle in law, that the perpetrator of crime, and the accessory to it, are both guilty, and deserving of punishment. Men havo been hang ed for the violation of this principle. It applies to the luw of God. And as the drunkard cannot go to heaven, can drunkard makers? Arc they not, when tried by the principles of the Bible, in view of the developments of Providence, mani festly immoral men??men who, for the sake of money, will knowingly be instrumental in corrupt ing the character, increasing the diseases, and de stroying the lives of their fellow men. * * * Not only murderers, but those who excite others to commit murder, and furnish the known causc of their evil deeds, will, if they understand what they do, and continue to rebel against God, be shut out of heaven.?Justin Edwards, D. D. You create paupers, and lodge them in your alms house?orphans, and give them a residence io your asylum?convicts, and send them to your penitentiary. You seduee men to crime, and then arraign them at the bar of justice?immure them ,r i :? '? " in prison. With one hand you thrust the dagger to the heart?with the other attempt to assuage the pain it causes.?Dr. Thomas Sewall. You are filling your alms houses, and jails, and penitentiaries, with victims loathsome and bur densome to the community. You are engaged in a business which is compelling your fellow citizens to pay taxes to support the victims of your eoi ployment. You are filling up these abodes of wretchednes and guilt, and then asking your fel low citizens to pay enormous taxes indirectly to support it.?Rev. Albert Barnes. Whether you will hear or whether you will for bear, I shall not cease to remonstrate ; and when I can do no more to reclaim you, 1 will sit dowp at your gate and cry Murder! Murder! MURDEll! Hunan Humphrey, D. D. If men will engage in this destructive traffic, if they will stoop to degrade their reason and reap the wages of iniquity, let them no longer have the law book as a pillow , nor quiet conscience by the opiate of a license.?Hon. Theodore Frelinghuysen. MISCELLANEOUS. RECLAIMED AT LAST. The touching story below, is well fitted to arouse and sustain a universal enthusiasm in the Temperance reform : We had frequently observed a heartbro ken boy pass by wilh a gallon oil-can in his hand, His tattered garments and melancholy face were well calcula ed lo excite observa tion and pity. It was but too evident that the vessel which he carried had been diver- I ted from its legitimate use, and that it was j now used, not as an oil-can, but as a whis key-jug. Having seen him pass twice in one day with his ever present can, we had the curiosity to accost him, and did so, by inquiri?g his residence. " 1 live," said he," five miles from the city, on the- road." " You have been to t'.ie city once before to-day, have you not ?" _ i " Yes, sir, 1 came down in the morning ; but 1 could't get what I was sent for, and 1 had to come back again." " What were you sent for, my lad ? It must be something very important to make it necessary for you to walk twenty miles in this storm." " Why, Sir, it was whiskey that 1 was sent for. Father bad no money, and he sent me to Mr. *s to get trusted ; but he wouldn't trust any more, so I had to go home without the whiskey ; but father sent me back again." " How do you expect to get it now, when you couldn't get it in the morning ?" "Why, Sir, 1 have brought a pair of shoes, which sister sent mother. Mr. will give whiskey for them. He has got txco or three pairs of 'mother's shoes now?'' " Do you like to carry whiskey home, my boy." ? Oh, no, Sir, for it makes us all so un happy; but 1 can't help it." We took the responsibility of advising the boy not to fulfil his errand, and returned home wilh him. The fam ly, we lound, consisted of husband, wife, and lour chil dren; the eldest (the boy) was not more than ten years of age, while t!:c youngest was an infant of a few months. It was a cold, blustering day. The noi th wind blew harsh ly, and came roughly, and unbidden, through the numberless crevices of the poor man's hovel. A few black embers occupied the fire-place, around which were huddled the half-naked children, and the wo-stricken mother and wife. Her face was haggard? her eyes were sunken?her hair dishevelled her clothes tattered, and very unclean. She was sitting upon an old broken chair, and was mechanically swinging to and fro, as if endeavoring to quiet her infant, which moaned pitifully in its mother's arms. It had been sick from its birth, and it was now seemingly struggling to free itsell trom the harsh world into which it had but n few months previous been ushered. There was no tear in the eye of the mother as she gated on the expiring babe, 'i he fountain had been, long before, dried up by the internal fires which alcohol had kindled and led. Y'et she was the picture of despair; and we could not but fancy, as she sat thus, that her mind was wandering back to the happy past t]ie Jays of her infancy and girlhood, and her early home. Poor thing! She had given her affections and her hand to a man who had taken the first step in intemperance. She had left home full of buoyant hopes hopes never to be realized?to spend a life of misery with a sot. Broken-hearted, cast out from the society of her former friends? frowned upon by the "good society hu mane?spoken of as the miserable wife ot a drunkard?with no hand to help, no heart to pity, she very soon became a tippler and a drunkard herself. , By the side of this wo-snntten mother I was kneeling a little girl of five or six years, down whose sallow cheeks tears were cour sing, and who, ever and anon, acclaimed, "Poor little Wille, must you die? Oh, mother, must Wille, die ?" And then kiss ing the clammy sweat from little Willes brow, covered he face with her apron and wept. In the opposite corner of the chimney, and among the ashes which covered the hearth, sat a boy of about seven years, drug ging from the half-dead embers a potatoe, I which he broke open, with the remark, "Mother, give this to little Willie. Maybe he's hungry. J'm hungry, too, and so is sister, but Willie's sick. Give him this po tatoe, Mother. " No, poor boy P> said the mother.? "Willie will never be hungry again. He will soon be clead." This remark drew all the children around the mother and the dying child.?The fath er was silting upon what was intended for a bedstead, without hat, shoes, or coat, with his hands thrust into his pockets, apparent ly indifferent to all that was uassing around him. His head was resting upoi his breast, and his blurred eyes were fastened upon the floor, us if he was afraid to look up to the sorrowing group who were watching the countenance of the dying infant. There was a moment of silence. Not a sound was beard. Even the sobs of the lit tle girl hud ccased. Death was crossing the hovel's threshold. The very respiration of the household seemed suspended; when a slight shivering of the limbs of the infant, and a shriek from the half conscious moth er, told that the vital spark had fled. For the first time the father moved.? Slowly advancing to where his wife was sitting, with quivering lips he whispered? " Is Willie dead !" "Yes, James, the poor babe is dead!" was the choaking reply of the mother, who still sat as at first, gazing upon the face of her little one. Without uttering another word, the long brutalized father left the house, muttering as he left, "My God, how long?" At this moment a kind-hearted lady came in, who had heard, but a few moments, be fore of tiie dangerous illness of the child. She had brought with her some medicine} but her visit was too late. The gentle spir it of the babe had fled, and there remained for her but to comfort the living. This she did, while we followed the father. Wo re lated to him the circumstances which had led us to his house, and briefly spoke of the misery which inevitably follows in the wake of intemperance. " I know it, sir," said he, " I have long known it. I have not always been what you now see me. Alchohcn agjl my appe tite have brought me to this depth of degra dation. "Why not master that appetite? You have the power. Thousands have proved it. "Sir, I believe it. I have seen others as | far reduced as myself, restored and made hap py ; but you are the first who has ever spo ken to me on the subject, and I had too strong a passion for liquor to think of a re formation myself. " Well, will you now make an effort ?" "I will. It iias occupied my thoughts during the whole morning; and now in the presence of Almighty God, I covenant never again to touch the accursed thing which has ruined mr, and made beggars of my family." llappy enough to hear his manly resolu j lion, we returned to the house with him? in due time we made the fact known to his ! wife?and producing a pledge, the, whole I family signed if upon the tabic which held \ the body of their dead brother. i Two years had passed, when the incident | was recalled to our mind by a shake of the! baud by a gentleman who was returning | west with a stock of dry goods, which he | had just purchased in New York. It was the man who signed the tempcrancc pledge by the body of his dead child. SCRAPS ON~FdUCATION. Gold is more frequently found in grains than lumps, and it is not the less valtible on that ac count. So with knowledge. Fragments, when united, make up the intellectual storehouse. ' John Adamsaid, in an epistle to his wife "The education ofourchildren is never out of my mind. I Train them to virtue. Habituate them to indus try, activity, and spirit. Make them consider every vice shameful and unmanly. Fire them with an ambition to be useful. Make them dis dain to be destitute of any usefid or ornamental knowledge." What says Horace Mann : "Every friend of education, who insists upon qualifications superior to (he present is bound loi do his part towards furnishing facilities and en couragements by which they can be acquired. We cannot consequently denounce a state of things which we do nothing to improve." Mar tin Luther has said of education: "In every a<re even among the heathen, the necessity has been felt of having1 (rood schoolmasters, in order to make any thing respectable of a nation. Out surely we are not to sit still and wait until they grow up of themselves. We can neither chop! them out of wood, nor hew them out of stone.) God will work no miracles to furnish that which wo have means to provide. We must, therefore, apply our carc and money to train up and make them." TURN THE GRINDSTONE. , We nover see a stout, able-bodied fellow jyo in? about, and soliciting aid from the charitably inclined, with the pretence of having met with some terrible misfortune by fire, earthquake, or shipwreck abroad, than we involuntarily long to see. him compelled to labor for a living like an honest, man, and not seek to impose upon a kind hearted and credulous community. But these men will ml work, so long as work is not neces sary for subsistence. Offer them employment, and they will vanish forthwith, like a ghost at the crowing of the cock. And this reminds us of a story which we have somewhe* seen, the scene of which is laid in a country town A stout rugged, hearty fellow. one morning accosted the keeperot the Poor House, demand ing food and labor, and declaring that he could not find any work, although he was willin-r to uo any thing, whatever. ? - You shall not starve/'said the superintend ent, " provided you are willing to work." He gave him some breakfast, and set him to turning a large grindstone; without any person holding any thing upon it to grind, and agreed to give him half a dollar a day as wages. The fellow took hold, and for a few minutes labored with great alacrity, but soon his business began to lag. The paupers, old and young, women and children, came out to stare at him. V\ hat a fool am I," said he, "to be turning the grindstone hero with nothing to grind." And dropping the crank he bounded off like a grey-hound, and never returned for charity or wages! i Laziness often makes paupers, and we wish that the laws would com|>el the lazy vagabonds, who are now travelling through the country le vying contributions upon the public, to turn the grindstone. WHO SHOULD BOW FIRST? For the benefit of the fashionable followers of Count D'Orsay in these parts, we copy the an nexed maxims, said to have been extracted from his Book on Etiquetle : "It is a mark of high breeding not to speak to a lady on the street, until you perceive she has noticed you by an inclination of the head. If you meet a lady of your acquaintance in the street, it is her part to notice you first, un less indeed you are very intimate. The reason is, if you bow to the lady first, she may not choose to acknowledge you, and there is no re medy, but if she bow to you, as a gentleman you cannot cut her. "On the Continent, the fashion in this in stance as many others is exactly the reverse. Wo lady, however intimate you may be with her will acknowledge your acquaintance on the street' unless you are the first to honor her with the' bow of recognition. It must be ovious, however' to all thinking persons, that our own custom is most in accordance with good taste." NEVER ASK QUESTIONS IN A HURRY. "Tom, a word with you." "Be q-iick, then, I'm in a hurry." "What did you give your sick horse t'other day ?" "A pint of turpentine." John hurries home and administers the same dose to a favorite charger, who, strange to saV drops off defunct in half an hour. His opinion of his friend Tom';; veterinary ability is some what staggered. He meets him the next dav "Well, Tom." * "Well, John, what is it 7" "I gave my horse a pint of turpentine, and it killed him dead as Julius Ctesar." "So it did miiic." T HE eITdT The end?the end?always have the end in view. If you take a cigar, drink a glass of spirits, violate the creed of virtue, speak an un truth, or lift a copper from your master's drawer, think of the consequences?the end of your course. Will it be pleasant to reflect upon at night? Will it add to your respectability and reputation? It the young men would always have the end in view, the number of transgres sors would be small indeed. CHEAP LIVING. An English publication gives the following as the expenditure of the Lord Steward, or head cook ol Queen Victoria's Itoyal household for one year. It is worth looking at; ?r(!ad' r, $10,000 Butter, Bacon, Cheese and Eggs, 25,000 Milk and Cream, 7,000 Butcher's Meat, <17,000 PouUry, J 8,000 * *lsh? . 10,000 Groceries, 23,000 2'1'. , 8,6*50 r ruit and Confectionary, 8,350 Vegetables, 2,400 Wine, 21'000 Liquors &c., 9,000 Ale and Beer, 14,000 Wax Candles, 9,400 Tallow- Candles, 3-300 Lamps, 28,350 Fuc,? 34,100 Stationary, ? 4,100 Turnery, j)700 Braziery, 4)4U() ohina, Glass, &c., 6,550 Linen, 4 4^ Washing table Linen, 15 500 1>late' 1J50 $316,000 ? SPOKEN AGAINST. What if people do speak against yon. Let them feel that you are able to bear it. What is there gained by stopping to correct every word that is whispered to your discredit? Lies will die if let alone; but if you repeat them to this one and another, because your enemies had the impudence to make them, you but keep the fire burning and open the way for a dozen slander ers. Keep on your course and go straightfor ward and trouble not your head about what is re peated and feel all the belter and wear a less 1 rightful face. Slander never killed a sterling character and it never will. Her coat will not sit upon him, withour a pull here, a jerk theje and a twist below, and while this work is going on the false words are forgotten by the multi tude Let iij?you and I reader?repeat what another has said in rhyme, and if we have been ?alked about or slandered, it will do us as much as a fry at Diamond Cove : '>ot all they say or do can make My head or tooth, or finger ache, Nor mar my shape, nor scar my face, Nor put one feature out of place ; Nor will ten thousand lies. Make me leas virtuous, learned or wise; The most ellectual way to baulk, | Their malice is, to let them talk. A New State.?The Brooklyn Eagle con tains the call tor a meeting of the people of Long Island, to take into consideration the expediency of making a State of Long Lland. The late Judge Story was not an early riser, remarking that it was better for on?r to be wide awake when he did rise than merely to rise early. \VAY^BILL TO OREGON. An Oregon emigrant furnishes the following way-bill to Oregon: Miles. From Independence, Mo., to Blue, at Burnett's trace 520 From Blue to Big Platte 25 Up Platte 25 Up the same 117 Across the North Fork of the same 31 Up North Fork to Cedar Grove 18 Up the same to Chimney 18 To Scott's Bluffs 20 To Fort Larima 38 From Fort Larima to the Big Springs at the foot of tho Black Hills 8 To Keryen North Fork 30 To the crossing of the same 34 To Sweet Water 55 Up Sweet Water to the snow on the Rocky Mountains 60 | To the main divide of the Rocky Moun tains 40 To the waters running to the Pacific Ocean * 2 To Little Sandy 14 To Big Sandy 14 To Green River 25 Down the same 12 To Black Fork of Green River 22 Fort Bridger 35 Koax River 35 Do)jai the same to the hills that run to the same 57 Down the same to the great Sandusky 38 To Partinith, first waters of the Colum bia 25 To Fort Hall, on Snake river 58 To Partinith again 11 To Cock Creek 87 To Soloman Falls 42 To the crossing of Snake river 27 To the Boiling Spring 19 Down the same to Fort Barse 40 To Burnt river 41 Up the same 26 Across to Powder to the Lamepena 18 To Grand Round 15 To Utilla river over Blue mount 43 To Dr. Whiteman's 29 To Walley-walley 25 From Walley-walley to Dallas 120 From Dallas to Vancouver J00 2021 Whole distance from Independence, Mo., to Vancouver in Ore^oa is 2321 miles. CUPPIJYG JLND LEECHING. THE subscriber respectfully returns his thanks to the citizens of Washington and its vicinity for past favors in the above business, and solicits a continuance of the same. 1 am prepared to meet the desires with the above business day or night, and it is my wish and in tent to give satisfaction to every one that will favor mc with a call. Mrs. Dcvaughan will attend to Ladies1 in the above business if desired. My place of residence is on 9th st. West side, near the corner of E st. JOHN DEVAUGHAN. MRS. DEVAUGHAN, wishes to inform the Ladies and Gentlemen of Washington and vicinity, that she is prepared to bleach Ladies' Bon nets, and Gentlemen's Summer Hats in a style that will give satisfaction. CATHARINE D. DEVAUGHAN. Nov, 18?lm EARTHENWARE, CHINA, AND GLASS. THOMAS PURSELL has just imported, per ships Pacific and Hampden, from Liverpool and other source*, one hundred and thirteen pack ages of the above articles, of the newest style and from the best manufactories, such as French and English china dinner, tea, and toilet Sets, or pieces detached Canton china, pearl, white, blue, stone china and blue printed, and figured Plates Dishes, Bowls, Vases, (a great variety) In a word, his very extensive Stock embraces al most every articlc usually kept in such establish ments. Dixon's English Britannia Tea and Coffee Sets, and plated Castors And, also, American Britannia Coffe and tea Sets, or pieces separate Castors, Lamps, Candlesticks, Mugs, covered Pilchers Table and tea Spoons, Covered Urns and Briggins,&c. Solar, lard, or oil Lamps Lamp Glasses and Wicks, of almost every size Ivory-handled and other Knives and Forks, in complete sets or separate Plated and brass Candlesticks, Snuffers and Trays Waiters, Looking-Glasses, Shovel and Tonga Cut, pressed, and plain Tumblers, Wines Champagnes, Finger Bowls, Wine Coolers, Clara# Decanters, Fruit Baskets, Dishes, Lamps, fcc. A large assortment of common Ware, suitable for retailing. All of which will be sold, whole sale and retail, as cheap as the very cheapest. English Pipes in boxes First quality Stone Ware at the factory prices. As the subcriber is determined to reduce his heavy stock of Goods he intends to sell low, and solicits a call from his friends and the public gener ally at his store opposite Browns's Hotel, Pennsyl vania avenue. THOMAS PURSELL. Nov. 18?2m 1 .r?',, Furnished house for ?For rent, three newly finished houses <jjn D, be tween 9th and 10th streets, containing Mine Cdtn fortablc rooms in each, brick out-houses, ko. One of the houses I am now furnishing, and to a careful tenant would rent it low for the approaching ses sion. To any person wishing a very oomfortabla house and convenient location, this house is Just such a one. For further particulars apply at SELBY PARKEJl'S Perfumery and Fancy Store, between 9th and 10th not. 97?tf streets, Fenn. Avtbn*.