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THi ?0LUM B1A N FOUNT4lFi
Fledged to the cause of Temperance, \ TRI'WEEKLY, f cumulate! tO toU !? t in 'nu'l, ami bcuclit U.) i' ; VOLUME I. PUBLISHED BY THE COMMITTEE, EVERY TUESDAY, THURSDAY, AND SATURDAY MORNING. M19 . WASHTOXO^, 1>. C. THIR*UA1, D?C?MB?R 18, 1845. THE COLUMBIAN FOUNTAIN, Three times a u>eek) on a super-royal sheet. It will be delivered to subscribers in the District, at two cents per number, payable weekly. To distant subscribers it will be mailed at Two Dollars and fifty cents per year, pay able in advance. TERMS OF ADVERTISING. One square of 14 lines, one insertion, 37 two insertions 60 three 75 ' two*weeks 1 25 one month 1 50 two months 2 50 three " 3 00 six months ; 5 00 twelve '* 7 50 Professional cards of five lines, or under, 3 00 per year. While the "Columbian Fountain" will be devoted to the cause of Temperance, its columns will be enriched by original articles on subjects calculated to interest, instruct, and benefit its readers. It is intended so to blend variety, amusement, and instruction, as that the various tastes of its patrons may be (as far as it is practicable) gratified. Commerce, Literature, and Science, and every other subject of interest, not inconsis tent with Temperance and morality, will re ceive the earnest attention of the publishers. Nothing of a sectarian, political, or personal Character will be admitted. OPINIONS OF GREAT MEN. Woe unto him that giveth his neighbor drink, that puttest the bottle to him, and makest him drunken.?Holy tori*. No proposition seems to me susceptible of more satisfactory demonstration than this?and I am sure no person can give it one hour's serious thought without assenting to it?that, in the pre sent state of information on this subject, no man can think to act on Christian principles, or do a patriot's duty to his country, and at the same time make or sell the instrument of intoxication.?Hen ry Ware, Jr. Can it be right for me to derive a living from that which is debusing the minds and ruining the souls of others, or that which is destroying forever the happiness of the domestic circle, and which is filling the land with women and children in a con dition far more deplorable than that of widows and orphans ; or which is causing nine-tenths of all the crimes, or nine-tenths of all the paupers in the community.?IVancis Wayland. I am deeply convinced that the evils of intem perance can never cease, till the virtuous in socie ty shall unite in pronouncing the man who attempts to accumulate wealth by dealing oi't poison and death to his neighbor, as infamous.?John Pier pont. i j I challenge any many who und^stands the na ture of ardent spirit, and for the^ake of gain con tinues to be engaged in the trafpi, to show that he is not involved in the, guilt o fnurder.?Lyman Beecher. . They who keep these founfins of pollution and crime open, are sharers, to i> small extent, in the guilt which flows from the^ They command the gateway of that mighty ftod which is spreading desolation through the and, and are chargeable with the present and ey^'asting conscqucnces, no less than the infatuat/ victim who throws him self upon the bosom ' the burning torrent, and is borne by it into the-'df of wo v.?Samuel Spring. Say not " I wil^ell by the large quantity?I have no tippler&^out me, and' therefore am not guilty." You r? the chief man in this business, the others arf?n'y subalterns. You are a "poi soner gencraK Wilbur I isk, D. I). The men^'ho traffic in ardent spirit, and sell to all wh^'l buy, are jwisoners general; they murder b majesty's subjects by wholesale; nei ther d(/tlloir eye P'ty n<>r spare. And what is their n?t the blood of these men?? Whyf'" envy their large estates and sumptuous paV's? A curse is in the midst of them. The ct/ of God is on their gardens, their walks, their ^ves ; a fire that burns to the nethermost hell. ood, blood is there: the foundation, the floor, ne walls, the roof, arc stained with blood.?John Wesley. It is a principle in law, that the perpetrator of crime, and the accessory to it, are both guilty, and deserving of punishment. Men have been hang ed for the violation of this principle. It applies to the law of God. And as the drunkard cannot go to heaven, can drunkard makers ? Are they not, when tried by the principles of the Bible, in view of the developments of Providence, mani festly immoral men??men who, for the sake of money, will knowingly be instrumental in corrupt ing the character, increasing the diseases, and de stroying the lives of their fellow men. * ? * Not only murderers, but those who excite others to commit murder, and furnish the known cause of their evil deeds, will, if they understand what Uiev do, ami continue to rebel against God, be shut out of heaven.?Justin Edwards, I). I). You create paupers, and lodge them in your alms house?orphans, and give them a residence in your asylum?convicts, and send them to your penitentiary. You seduce men to crime, and then arraign them at the bar of justice?immure them in prison. With one hand you thrust the dagger to the heart?with the other attempt to assuage the pain it causes.?Ih. Thuinas Sewitll. You are lilliug your aims houses, and jails, and penitentiaries, with victims loathsome and bur densome to the community. You are engaged in a business which is compelling your fellow citizens to pay taxes to support the victims of your em ployment. You are filling up these abodes of wretchednes and guilt, and then asking your fol low citizens to pay enormous taxes indirectly to support it.?ifev. AUttrl Barnes. Whether you will hear or whether you will for- j bear, 1 shall not cease to remonstrate; and when I can do no more to reclaim you, 1 will sit down at your gate and cry Murder! Murder! MURDER! lie man Humphrey, I). D. If men will engage in this destructive traffic, if they will stoop to degrade their reason and reap the wages of iniquity, let them 110 longer have the law book as a pillow, nor quiet consciencc by the opiate of a license.?Hon. Theodore Frclinghuysen. MISCELLANEOUS. LANDSMEN AT SEA. About as many blunders are committed in attempting the use of terms at sea, as in any other business ol' which we have any know ledge. The vocabulary of the sailor is a difficult one to become acquainted with, and to the old salt nothing is more ludicrous than the perversion of phrases common to the land lubber 011 ship-board or on shore. We have laughed until wo cried over the events of a brief voyage made By a down easter some years ago. The old fellow had been driving carts all his life time, at New port, Rhode Island, and knew as much about the sea as the man in the moon. Feeling a desire to embark in something more profita ble, he had concluded to undertake a fish ing speculation. With his son, a stout youth of twenty years, he had made two or three short, as it happened pleasant voyages to Squipnocket Point and other places, and finally thought himself a sufficiently accom plished sailor to take command of a sloop he had purchased, and start for Cape Cod, his son being cook, steward, and all hands. It was a delightful morning when they left Newport harbor, but after,a few hours it commenced blowing a little harder, and a cloud reared itself in the horizon. The captain began to feel somewhat sea sick. 4 There's danger comin' up, Enain,' said the old man,4 but we won't back out.? You see that point right ahead of us?well stick to that ar helum. Don't let her flinch an inch,?but drive strate to that point.' Agreed,' said Euam. 4 Where's them cold Utters ?' asked the captain, after a brief pause. 4 Down in the cabing.' ' And the cold pork.?' 4 Down in the cabing, tu ; and the pepper sass is in the cruet next to the plain vinegar; and the cider brandy is in the jug under the table.' 'Well, Enam, Pm going down to take a snack and something to drink. We'll stick her through, as 1 said afore. If ther'cs any alteration on deck let me know what 'tis.' The captain went down, and in order to quiet his rebellious stomach, plied himself liberally with the cider braru^, and turned in. The storm came up right speedily, shivered the main-sail to ribbons, carried away the mast, and, as the vessel was going with the sea, the helm poked Enam on the side of the head, and knocked him to the lee scupper, where he lay senseless for some minutes. At length he crawled to the com panion way, and.sung out: 4 Daddy ! Daddy !' 4 Hollo, what's the trouble 4 Quite an alteration upon the deck here. The long up and down stick has, turned into flood-wood, the swing-tree has got posses sion of the quarter-deck, and our weasel's rollin' hors-hole and scuppcr-hole in a reg ular licker-to-smash style.' SCARED BY A GRIDIRON. INITIATION FRUSTRATED. A number of years since, (savs the Cin cinnati Commercial,) when our city was new and there were no splended halls, the Masonic body held it sittings in the upper story of a well known pulic house, kept by Maj. S?t, who was himself a high-mason. 1 As is the case now, many new members were offering, or asking admission into the fellowship and mysteries of this ancient I body of brethren. Why it is we cannot ' say, but there are many stories afloat among the people, and there ever have been, that i the novitiate is introduced to a seat on a red hoi gridiron! That in making a man a free and accepted brother, they must under go a great many great interesting ceremonies, besides being shown t he grips and signals of the order. O11 one occasion?and it must he some forty years ago, according to our informant, of many of the particular*?the lodge mot, and si young, good looking, spruce clerk of one of the stores came into the lower rooms of the building, it having been arranged to initiate him that evening, lie was ordered to remain below till all was ready for his reception. The time dragging, and his mind conjuring up what he \vas about to meet, he commenced walking backwards and forwards through the parage leading to the stairway of the lodge. On the right of the passway was the kitchen, in which, and directly be fore him as he passed the door, was a largo fire burning, it being in that season of the year requiring artificial heat for bodily com fort. It so happened that thp Major kept an Irish servant girl, and she was the only per son left with the stranger in that part of the house ; Betty had heard of the hot gridiron operation of Masons, and, knowing that the young clerk was to be admitted that night, thought she would have a bit oi innocent fun. She took a large gridiron on which she broiled many a steak, and placed it on the lire, in full view of the young expectant ol j i mysterious grips?stirred tip the blazing. fire, and returned to watch the result. (Jer ky continued to pass and re-pass the door, and ever and anon, Betty saw him cast a i wishful glance at that fire-place! The iron was growing redder every time he passed. He shook his head?a sigh escaped him! Betty was in estaces. To place her victim still deeper in agony, she placed a small screen, taken from another room, between the fire and the door leaning to the hhll, as if to hide from his view :he fearful instru ment of honorable torture. As the cunning jade was retreating, the young man with a wink of the eye, a beckon ol the hand, and a " come here" of the beau, succeeded in ai resting her progress a moment. " A-a?what is that gridiron on the fire for now," said he,1 my good girl ? will you tellinef" ? Oh, sir! but I rea'ly don't like to. It wouldn't be perlite." ? Oh! never mind ! I'm exceedingly anx ious to know." " Why-a-lherp is a Lodge up stairs to night. Aud-a?" " Well, well, I know there is a lodge up stairs to-night. But what is that iron in the fire for ? Tell me, good girl, I pray you ! Tell me quickly." " Why?why?I?" ? Speak out." Do! I'm aching to hear !" " Why, the Major told me as how they're I going to make a JWason to-night, and that s I all I know about it." That was enough. The oft told talc was true! Thatgridironwasforhim ! A change came over him in a moment. He would not be burned with as hot iron as that, any how. The putting on of hat and cloak was a mo mentary affair; he sought the street, when legs, if ever, did their duty. Soon after, the brothers having got all i things ready, the Major came down for his young friend, but met Hetty, who, seeing the result of her fun and fearing the. Conse quences, came toward her master, sobbing and crying in a most aflected manner. The Major soon learned the story of the young man's flight, also the cause, and an swered. ? Never mind, Betty. If he's such a fool as that we don't want him !" j One would naturally suppose that tho j lodge had a fine laugh ove? that good joke | upon the return of the Major. The inevi i table conclusion is jliat the young clerk ! never offered himself again as the candidate for admission into the mysteries of ircc and I accepted Masons, and a seat on their rascally j red hot gridiron! | Schuylervii.le Murder.?We learn i from the Ballston Spa Gtizctte that Wilcox j was indicted by the grand jury last week, ' lor murder. He was arraigned belore the ; court, and plead not guilty. We understand says Gazette, that "mental aberration or in sanity," is the plea .which will be urged, in excuse for this horrible deed. The only in 1 sanity that wo have yet heard of, iu this case, is that produced by Hum! vVe undft stand i he was drunk when the murder was commit ; ted. That kind of insanity is very common Disaster ox tiik. Lake.?A large fore topsail schooner went down at her anchors on the night of 18th November, and all on board perished. She came too off Long Point, on tho afternoon of the 17th, having lost her foresail, and, being otherwise dis abled, lay there repairing damages, until the next evening, when she was struck by a ! squall, and went to the bottom. Iler top gallant, yard is out of water. I fytiall visit the spot, if the weather permits, and endeavor to ascertain what vessel it is.? C?r. /&//? Com. Adv. i On Thanksgiving day, a citizen of Sims bury, Conn choked to death while dining. Galvanic garters are advertised in St. Louis. What next ? Why, galvanic bustles. \ town meeting was held in Philadelphia, on Wednesday evening l^st, and well attended, to adopt measures for the immediate construc tion of a railroad between Harrisburg and Pittsburgh, Pa. Th4 iron bonds of society are every where increasing. There is only oiye daily train of cars on the rail road between /Albany and Buffalo. The cars leave Utica for the East at 1 I o'clock in the morning, and for the West <it 2 o'clock in ihe afternoon. . j A relief meeting for Ireland was held in i Boston, on Monday evening. SENATE. Tuesday, December 16, 1845. The Hon. Daniel Webster, of Massachusetts, appeared ia his seat this morning. Mr. Allen gave notice that on to-morrow he would introduce a juint resolution to give twelve months notice to Great Britain that the joint Oc cupancy of Oregon should eease. Mr. Johnson presented the petition of Caleb Green, Clerk District Court, United Slates, La. Mr. Bagby had leave to withdraw the papers of J. Bradley and others, on Post. Offices and PObt Roads. Mr. Speight introduced a bill for the Improve ment of Pearl river, read twice and xeferred to the Commltteo on Public Lands. Mr. Speight withdrew the papers of Win. Hutchins, anu gave notice of a bill in regard to a rail-road from Jefferson to Alabama line. Mr. Cameron presented a memorial from the Board of Trade of Philadelphia, praying for the improvement of the Ohio jriver. Also, a petition in relation the Canal artfend the SaultSt. Mary, Michigan. Referred to the Committee on Roads and Canals. Mr. Sturgeon presented the petition of Mrs. Mary Reeside?referred to Committee on Judi ciary. ** Mr. Jarnigan presented the Resolutions of the Legislature of Tennessee, asking for lands with in the borders ol' the States for purposes of Edu cation. Pie also introduced a private bill for the relief of J. S. Russworm?read twice and referred to the Committee 011 Revolutionary Claims. Mr. Dix presented the petition of the New York pilots praying for the repeal of the Pilot law?referred to the Committee 011 Commerce. Mr. Atherton asked leave to introduce a bill to pay New Hampshire for her Claims against the United States. Mr. Miller offered a resolution to make Jersey City, N. J., a port of entry?lies over. Mr. Upham presented a remonstrance against tho annexation of Texas as a slave State?laid on the table. Mr. Barrow presented a resolution?not heard. Mr. Huntington presented a remonstrance against the admission of Texas as a slave States Messrs. Ashley and Jarnigan withdrew certain paj)ers. ? , Mr. Levy withdrew the petition of Salt Marsh and Fuller, and had them referred to the Committee 011 Post Offices and Post Roads. Also, the petition of Lt. J. Gillis, U. S. Navy for expenses incurred iu Exploring Expedition? referred to the Committee on Naval Affuirs. Mr. Levy called up his resolution calling upon the Secretary of War for a map of Florida? which was adopted. The presiding officer presented a bid to do the printing of the Senate from Jefferson Co. Also, a message from the President of the United States in relation to the claim of the heirs of Gen. Armstrong. Also, a report of the suporintendant of the coast survey?laid on the table, and 500 extra copies ordered to be printed, 250 for the Senate, and 'SiO tor the use of the officers. Mr. Benton presented a petition of 81 Captains of steamboats on the Ohio river, complaining of the tolls of the Portland &. Louisville canal, and the insufficiency of said canal?also Captain Crane's report, which he moved to have referred with the petition to the Committee 011 R ;ads and Canals. J Mr. Breesa offerer!'a resolution to have the re maining copies of F/eemont's (some 8,000) Re port bound at not exceeding 50 cents per copy? lies over. Mr. Johnson of Louisiana, offered a resolution instructing tho Committee on the Judiciary, to incrca3e the p;y of the U. S. District Attorney for Louisiana. Mr. Crittenden withdrew the papers of Chris topher Millor. Mr. Woodbridge introduced a bill to amend an ! act in relation to Land Claims in Michigan?re- j ferred td th? Committee on Public lands. The resolutions of Mr. Cans then came up ?br consideration; when M^. Niles rose and addressed the Senate. He regretted that the subject of peace and war had been precipitately introduced upon resolutions, which, iu ordinary times, would have been pass- J ei without debate. He was for the resolutions; j flir giving" the notice to Great Britain to abrogate the joint occupation of Oregon. He approved of tho Executive's acts ; he could not leave the matter with the Executive now. He thought it I was with Congress, negotiation having failed. ! He was in favor of putting the country in a 1 proper state of defence to preserve the peace. When E ngland found she could get nothing more hy bullying, she would accept tho 49th parallel as the boundary, and sottla the question. He had no doubt but what this would he the case ; hut still he thought it proper to put the country in a state of defence. Mr. Crittenden saw nothing objectionable in the resolutions. He should vote for them, but not with the idea that war would be the conse quence. Mr. C was in favor of giving two years notice instead of one. Mr. Cass, in answer to Mr. Crittenden, read an extract from his remarks of yesterday. Mr. Webster saw nothing in tho resolutions o! jectionablfi. He regretted the remarks of the Senator Iroin Michigan, as they might create alarm and ruin a vast unrnber of merchants and commercial men. lie was for preparing for war without alarm, instead of giving an alarm and making no preparation. He Jid not believe war would ensue. The resolutions were adopted, we believe unntiifnouily. and then the Senate adjourned. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. As soon as the journal was read, tho following joint resolutions reported from the Committee on Territories, came up as the special order : lie it rtsnhtdy yc. That the State of Texas shall he. one, and is hereby declared to be one of the United States of America, and admitted into the Union on an cquaJ footing v\ ith the original States in all respects whatever. Be il further rrsolved^ That until the Represen tatives in Congress shall be appointed according to an actual enumeration of the inhabitants of the United States, the State of Texas shall be enti tled to choose two Representatives. Mr. McConnell moved the previous question and refused to withdraw it. Mr. Herrick moved to lav tbo resolutions on the table. TV, motion failed?yeas 58, nays 14:.. The motion for the previous question was then seconded by tellers?ayes 91, noes 85. The main question was ordered to bn put -yeas 10b, nays 90?and being put as lolh/ws, " Shall the joint resolutions be engrossed and icau u linn time this day?" it wasdeeidedin t|?e ufhrmative ?yeas Ml,"nays 57. So the resolutions were read a third time, and the question being on their p*? UAir. Rockwell, of Massachusetts, took the floor to offer his reasons for voting against their a op tion. He began by alluding to the want of tuna that had beeit allowed for an examination ol the resolutions r\pw before the House. bo far as nc understood them, he was prepared to oiler some objections to their passage, lie would state, how ever, that Massachusetts was not opposed 1? the extension of our territory; this her sons would dem onstrate at the proper time, when it could be done in a proper manner, lie alluded to the lucid and able expositions of tho late and the present fseeic tary of State upon this question; but the, labors and efforts of a son of Massachusetts, his vener able colleague, then before him, (Mr. Auanis,) were of infinitely greater importance. That Massachusetts desired to sec our territory extended to the Pacific ocean, he entertained no doubt; and lie prayed to God that the hie ol his venerable colleague might be spared to witness the stars and stripes floating over the sovereign and independent states of this Union, bounded by that sea; that thtf ear which heard the booming the British cannon at the battle of Hunker rlill, might hear the roar of the waves beating again0 our shores on the mighty Pacific; that the eye which saw the blaze of thft burning dwellings at Charlestons, might yet witness the multitude*1 who were to populate the territories towards the setting sun. His remarks -were characterized by great courtesy and ability. At the conclusion of Mr. R6ckwell s remaiks, several motions were made ; but the resolutions were ordered to be engrossed and read aUiu< time. They were passed?yeas 141; nays ol>. ?o | Texas is now a State of this Union so tar as the action of the House is concerned. A fop of fashion U said to be the merer'.; friend, the tailoi's fool, and his own foe. Though a coat be ever so fine that a fool wears, it isstol hut a fool's coat. There is a time whlh man will not suffer bad things because their ancestors nave suffered worse. There is a time when the haty head et inveterate abuse will neither draw revorenco nor obtain protection. One of the City Watch of. Boston a few days since, arrested a man on suspicion of being drunk! [iT*" There ia a town down ea-t, where the cows arc fed upon fishes. Their inilk is not scaly, hut skim milk. The citizens of Henderson county, K y. are making efforts to concentrate the Green ri ver trade at the town of Henderson. An imr mensc warehouse is about to be erected at that place for the reception of tobacco. CUPPING .LVD LEECMIYG. rp I IE subscriber respectfully rulums his thank3 to I the citizens of Washington audits vicinity (or paut favors in the above business, and solicits a continuance of the same. 1 am prepared to meet the desires with the above business day or night, and it is my wish and in tent to give satisfaction to every one that v. ill favor me with a cfll. Mrs. Devaughan will attoud to Ladies' in the above business if de 'red. My place- of residence is on 9th at. \Y cat sidy, near the corner of K st. JOHN DEVAl GHAN. MRS. DEVAUGHAN, wishes to inform the Ladies and Gentlemen of Washington and vicinity, that she i? prepared to bleach Ladies' lion nets, and Gentlemen's Summer Hats in a style that will eive satisfaction. CATHARINE 1). DEVAUGHAN. Nov, 18?lm ___ ~ EARTHENWARE,CHINA, AND GLASS. mHOMAS PURSELL has just imported, per I ships Pacific and Hampden, from Liverpool j and other sources, one hundred and thirteen paek I a?-cs of the above articles, of the newest style and ! from the best manufactories, such as? I French and English china dinner, tea, and toilet Sets, or pieces detached I Canton china, pearl, white, blue; utonc china ana j blue printed, and figured Plates I Dishes, Iiowls, Vases, (a great variety) ' In a word, his very extensive Stock embraces al most every article usually kept in such establish ments. Dixon's English Britannia Tea and Coflcc feets, and plated Castors And, also, American Britannia Coffc and tea Sets, or pieces separate Castors, Lamps, Candlesticks, Mugs, covered Pitchers Table and tea Spoons, Covered Urns ar.d Briggms, &.c. Solar, lard, or oil Lamns Lamp Glasses and Wicks, of almost every size Ivory-handled and other Knives an ! Forks, ia complete sets or separate Plated and brass Candlesticks, Snuffers and Trays Waiters, Lookintf-Glasses, Shovel and ! or.:;s Cut, pressed, and plain Tumblers, Wines Champagnes, Finger Bowls, W ine < outers, Clarets Decanters, Fruit Baskets, Dishes, L imps, ice. A large assortment of common W^vrc, a(iitab.e for retailing. All of which will be sold, whole sale and retail, as cheap as the very cheapest. English Pipes in boxes First quality Stone Ware at the laetorv prices. As the subcriber is determined to re.luce his heavv stock of (.roods he intends to II solie its a call from his friends and the publie gener ally at hisstoro opposite ^^i^pURSELLy vania avenue. iiiv?.?j/*? Nov. 18?2m __ TJURNISHP.D IKtl'SF. FOR RB!^-?For V rent, three newly lintahed houses on D, be tween IHh and 10th streets, containing nine com fortable, rooms in each, brick out-houses fcc. ( me of the houses I am now furnishuig, and to a earn Ml tenant would rent it low for the approaching ses sion To any person wishing a very comfortable house and convenient location, this house n just such a one. For further particulars apply at such a on SELBY PARKER'S Perfumery and Fancy Store, between 9th and 10th nov. 27--tf streets, Penn. Avenue.