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ULYSSES WAKI). Editor and Proprietor. [ DAILY. ] Kev. J. T. WARD, Assistant Editor. VOL. I. NO 251. WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 7. 1846. PRICE ONE CENT. THE COLUMBIAN FOUNTAIN, EDITED AND PUBLISHED DAILY BY ULYSSES WARD. ASSISTED B V HIS SON, REV. J. T. WARD. Jit One Cent per Number. ALSO, THE WEEKLY FOUNTAIN, At 3 cents per number, $1 per year. 3 subscribers, $2. Dfflre on Pennsylvania avenue, a few doors East of the Railroad. TERMS Or ADVERTISING. 1 square of 14 lines, 1 insertion 37 eta. 1 do u " " 2 insertions 62 " 1 do ? " ? 3 " 75 ? 1 "3 times per weeK for three months $3 75 1 line 1 insertion 6 cts. For every subsequent insertion 3 4t Business cards of 5 lines for 3 times per week for three months $1 00 For one year 3 00 Payable invariably in advance. Printing of every description neatly executed: such as Books, Pamphlets, Cir culars, Cards, Handbills, etc., etc., on as good terms as at any other office. While the "Columbian Fountain" will be devoted to the cause of Temperance, its columns will be enriched by original articles on subjects calculated to interest, instruct, and benefit its readers. It is intended so to blend variety, amusement, and instruction, as that the various tastes of its patrons may be (as far as it is practicable) gratified. Commerce, Literature, and Science, and every other subject of interest, not inconsis tent with Temperance and morality, will re ceive the earnest attention of the publisher. Nothing of a sectarian, political, or personal character will be admitted. ~maTl ARRANGEMENTS. The Eastern Mail for Baltimore, Philadel phia, New York and Boston, closes at 44 and 9 P. M. daily, except on Saturday nights. No mails sent East of Baltimore on Sunday morning. The mails from the above cities arrive daily at 9 A. M. and 8 P. M. except Sunday night. The Western Mail closes at 9 P. M. and arrives at 8 P. M. daily. The Southern Mail closes at 8 A. M. and arrives at 5 P. M. daily. Office open fr?m 7J A.M.to 6J P.M.daily, except Sunday, on which day it is open from 7J A. M. to 10 A. M., and from 12 M. to 14 P. M.t and from 7 to 9 P. M. If UTUAL LIFE INSURANCE C0M JVL PANY op the city of new YORK?MORRIS ROBINSON, President. Hav ing been Appointed agent for the above named in stitution, I am prepared to receive applications for insurance on life for one or more years, or for the duration of life. The advantages of the mutual principle above the heretofore more usual joint? stock companies are so great that it is only neces sary to understand the principles of its operation to give a decided preference to the mutual plan. A treatise on the subject and farms of application for insurance can be had at my store on 7th street, im mediately opposite the National Intelligencer office. C.'S. FOWLER, Agent. feb 24-3tawtf EARTHENWARE, CHINA & GLASS. rPHO. PIJRSELL has just imported per ship-, X Meteor and Georgia, from Liverpool direct, siity-four crates and hogsheads of Earthenware ami China and from our own manufactories fifty packages of cut, pressed, and plain Glass, all of the latest style, which, with his former extensive stock, embraces almost every article in his line of busi ness. Cornelius's solar, lard, or oil Lamps, new pat terns, and at reduced prices Lamp Glasses and Wicks, of all sizes Waiters, Ivory-handle and other Knives and Forks, in sets of 61 pieces or otherwise Real, silver, and Albetta table, tea, and dessert Spoons Plated German Silver and Britannia Castors Cut and plain Hall Lamps Liverpool Stand and Side Lamps Plated Cake Baikets, Looking Glasses Shovel and Tongs, Spittoons Rich cut and plain Decanters, Clarets, Finger Bowls, Wine-coolers, Champagnes, Hocks. These goods will be sold, wholesale or retail, at the very lowest prices. A good assortment of common goods, new pat tern and excellent quality, suitable for retail groceries Pipes, in beoces First quality Stoneware, at factory prices Also, Britannia Ware, wholesale, at factory prices, from the best manufactory in this country English Britannia Coffee and Tea Sets, Coffee Biggins, Ac. Ac. A call from his frier.ds and the public generally is solicited, at his store, opposite Brown's Hotel, Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington. july I0-eo2m THO. PITRSELL Fine Watch Repairing. CCHRONOMETER, Duplex, Lever, Lepine, Repeating and Music Watches, accurately re paired, also common Watches, Clocks, and Music boxes, putin order, at the sign of the Watch, with the guard, key, and chain, north side of Pennsylvania Kvenue, between second and third streets. By CH AUNCEV WARRINER. HATTERS. SJTEVEN'S A EMMONS will introduce the ^ "Autum" fashions for Gents Hats on Saturday Sept. 6. In accordance with our usual custom we shall in troduce simuletaneouily, "Leary V' and Beebc A Costor'i Fsshien's. Gentlemen who have th< J sizes registered with us will fiwward their orders. Sales Roome Noe 1. A 2. Browns Hole!."" BUSINESS CARDS. CHEAP FOR CASH!! L. 8. BECK, House-Furnishing Store, Pennsylvania Avenue, South tide, between 9th and 10th streets, Washington. I have on hand new and second-hand goods: such as Bedsteads, Beds, and Bidding; Tablet, I Chairs, Bureaus and Sideboards; China, Class, I and Crockery ware, Cutlery, Hollow-ware of every variety, Shovels and Tongs, Carpets, Brooms, Brushes, Willow and Woodenware; with a va riety of articles too numerous to mention, apr 16 ~ 7 BENJAMIN HOMANS, Auctioneer and Commission Merchant, Between 10/A and 11 th Streets, fronting Penn sylvania Avenue. Sales of Real Estate, Furniture, and Personal Property, attended to at any place within the city. march 9-tf DENNIS PUMPHREY'S Livery Stable, cor ner of 6th and C. streets. Horses and Car- j riages to hire. Horses taken at livery, and kept in the best manner. A. GLADMON, House Carpenter and Joiner. Shop corner of 9th and M streets, Washington. Where, at all times, Sash, Blinds, Doors, 6lc., can be had. All manner of work in his line will be ex ecuted at the shortest notice. HOMCEOPATHY.?Dr. Jonas Green,(late of Philadelphia,) tenders his professional ser vices to the citizens of Washington and its vicinity, asr practitioner of the Homoeopathic system of me dicine. His residence is on C street, near 3d. dec S3?tf BRISCOE & CLARKE, Dealers in Cloths, Cas simeres, Vestiggs, &c., Pennsylvania avenue, a few doors west of Brown's Hotel. TSAAC STODDARD.?Blacksmithing ingene I ral, on Four and a half, between E and F sts. Work done cheap. WILLIAM P. SHEDD, Old Centre Market, opposite J. Walker's. KEEPS constantly for sale all kinds of fresh meats; meat well dressed, and at moderate prices. march 11 tf PRESLEY SIMPSON, Pennsylvania Avenue, North side, 2d door east of llt/i street, keeps a general assortment of Family Groceries. \ NDREW J. JOYCE, Horse Shoeing and /\ Smithing Establishment, successor to John DaTey, corner of 14th and E streets, near Fuller's Hotel. Thankful for the patronage he has receiv ed from a liberal public, he solicits a continuance of the same. WH. GUNNELL?Dealer in Lumber, , Lime, Wood, &c. Corner of Canal and 6th streets, near Pennsylvania Avenue. ^ R. HAMILTON P. HOWARD, tenders his professional services to the citizens of Wash ington, D. C. He may be found at Dr. F. How, ard's, N. E. corner of F and 11th sts. Dec. 2? RICHARD VANSANT, Merchant Tailor and Gentlemens furnishing store, Pennsylvania avenue, between 14th and 15th streets, and adjoining Fuller's Hotel. march 12?tf WM. NOELL, Venitian Blind maker, south side Pennsylvania avenue, between 9th and lUth streets. Blinds of all sizes and colors, fur nished to order. Old blinds retrimmed and painted. JONATHAN T. WALKER. ?House car penter and joiner on K street, shop comer K and 8th streets. FRANCIS Y. NAYLOR, Copper, Tin, Sheet-Iron and Stove Manufacturer. Roofing, Guttering. Spouting, &.c. South side Pennbylvania avenue, near Third-street, Wash ington, City, D. C. C. H. VAN PATTEN, fcf. D., Dentist, PERFORMS all operations upon the Teeth, Gums and Mouth, with the greatest care and skill. Office near Brown's Hotel, and next door to Todd's Hat Store. . feb 25-ly I. 8. BALL, Dealer in Tobacco, Snuff Cigars, Ptnnsylvania Avenue, between Fuller's <$? (iajlubrun's Hotel. april 22. IS. BALL also repairs Watches and Jewelry, april 22-tf EARTHENWARE, CHINA AND GLASS, np PURSELL, Importer and Dealer in E. Ware, I China and Glass, wholesale and retail, at I his store, opposite Brown's Hotel, Pennsylvania avenue, Washington city, D. C. _____ c CUPPING, LEECHING AND BLEEDING ^ A large supply of best Sweedish Leeches, already on hand, to be applied or for sale, by SAML. DEVAIJGHN, 9th street. Who also has ICE for sale whenever called for, as above. ?Pnl 2;tf W~ WHITNEY.?Boot and Shoe Dealer,! opposite Brown's Hotel, Pennsylvania j Avenue, has received his fall stock of Boots and Shoes suitable for plantation use, he invites the at-, tention of those who wish such articles, and prom- | i908 them pood bargains. I "^JeoRgTT COLLAR!), nFALER /JV lumber, wood, coal, lime SAND, AND CEMENT, Corner of bth st. and Missouri Avenue. Nov. 4 9~ TTcLagett & co., np?| Klla IN FANCY AND SI APLfc 1)R\ ?E GWDS.'cARPETl^S-OlLCLOTHa, CURTAIN STUM'S, &c. Comer of Mi street Penn. avenue, WASHINGTON, D. C. I FURNITURE-?New anil second hand, daily re I ceived. For sale, on april 13. Between 10th and 11th streets. J. E. W. THOMPSON, CAMNF.T MAKER UNDERTAKER, F between 13th and 14th sts.. ^ ? * Hearses kept, and fmxerals atUndtd to. Nov. 4?y Dr. Christie'* Galvanic Mings and Mag- j netic Fluid. THIS wnukibh invention, which hat received the almost universal approbation of the medical profession of Ore* Britain, comprises an entirely ?ew application of OaWenism, a., . :remedial agent by means of which the ordinary Galvanic Batteries, Electric and Magnetic Machines, dtc. are entirely, dispensed with, and tbe mysterious power Galvan ism applied without any Of the objections which are inseparable from the g?*ral mode now m u*. The Galvanic Rings have been uesd with entire success in all cases ef rheumatism, sonte or chronic, applying to the head, face, or brota ; gout, Ucdolo reu/, toothache, broncbitia. verUgo, nervous or uck headache, indigestion, paralyau, palsy, epilepsy, fits, cramp, palpitation of the heart, apoplexy, stiffness of the joints, spinal compUints, lumbago, neuralgia, nervous tremors, dioineee of the head, pains in the chest and aide, general debility , deficiency of ner vous and physical energy, and all nervous dwdere. In cases of confirmed ayspepsia, which is simply a nervous derangement of the digestive organs they have been l?een found eoually successful. Their ex traordinary efleets upon the system must be w.tnessod to be be belived, and as ? certain preventive for the I preceding complaints they are equsfly recommended. I The rings are of different prices being made of all i sizes, and of various ornamental patterns, and can be worn by the most delicate female without the slightest inconvenience. In fact, the sensation is ra her agreeable than otherwise. The GALVAHicBitTt, BRAcatars, Bands, Gar tkbs, NscatAcas, &c. Ac. These articles are adapted to the waist, arma, wrists, limbs, ank,ei any part of the body with perfect convenience^ The Galvanic Necklsces are used with greater benefit in cases of bronchitis or affections of the throat gener ally ; also, in caaes of nervous deafness ; and with almoat uniform success as a preventive for appoplexy, epileptic fits, and similar complaints. Christie's Msgnetic Fluid is used in connexion with the Galvanic Rings, and all their mod.ftcaUoi^ This composition has been pronounced by the French Chemists to be one of the most exUaordi nary discoveries of modem science. Ful^an^ lions and directions accompany it. The e?4inea inventiensare in every way perfectly h?rral^' are at prices within reach of all, and the discoverer only requests a fair trial, as a teet of their surprising awNo?*?? pla? TEBs.-These articles form another valuable applica tion of the mysterious influence of Galvaniam. They are an important adjunct b) the genuine Galvanic Rings and their .Modificatiens, acting upon the same principle, but having the advantage of ?>re local ap plication- They are confidently recom^dada. a valuable addition in the speedy cure of rheumatiam, i or chronic; in all nervoi* eomplamto, and as a Stive remedy in cases of pain and weakness in the Seator b?k, pain in the aide, in and in weakness or oppression of the 0 aans In spinal complaints their effects are of the most decided character, and they have ofteni been used with complete success. They areabu, of greatest advantage in pains and ^akness .t th breast, and are highly recommended for many ot those complaints to which females are especially li able As ?n effectual means for strengthening the system when debilitated with disease and other cau ses as I certain aid in constitutional weakness a a preventive for celds, and in all Pu? .ulRt generally, the Galvanic Strengthening rias ters will be found of great and permanentWan laKrrV CAUTION. The celebrity and success of th^aSota, h... earned n?ci?M person,. Dr OH*"-;* public against aporiou, ,m,Unon. H. ? authorized agency in each city of the Union, where , the genuine articles can be procured. The only agents for Washington are? M H 8TEVEN8 & EMMONS, Nob. l ands B,o*n'aH?l. ??? Kxoianalotv pamphiele, &c. majr be had ?reu?, with the strongest testimonials of success am >en fit. sept. 22?(Jmeod Harm i'or Sale. THE subscriber offers far sale 329J land lying in Montgomery county, 23 miles from Washington City, on the road lead.ng from Rockville to the mouth of Monaccocy : one third, 1 ,9 W(K^gi containing good timber' The cleared land il* good quality, and timbe ? imnrovwj. The buildings are a large two-story brick dwelling house, with a basement and garret, barn, tobacco house, stable, &c. For terma enquire en %P^~TR1JMAN. July 16-tf [RockviUe Journal 3t.] medical card. -r^.D a t PRFn H LEE tenders his professional D?.?? *" ????. of Washington and iu : vanity. Office H street, near 7th. july 18-6m , R. FINI.EY HUNT, RESIDENT dentist. Washinoto:* Citt, Pennsylvania Avenue, between 9Ik * U9th *t erf* apnl 26-tf. Ueev Clean. I fT^HE largest assortment of the best BRUSH S 1 conatantlv kept on hand al my Hard".? and Variety ?u,rc. IVnn.,l?.?..venne th atreet, wholesale and retail. ? april 22-tf [Nat. Intelligencer 3t.] LAMPS' LAMPS!! I alNE oil. and Solar Lamps of the most ap MT proved patterns, and sold at the lowest prices. t constant'*up,,ly of F K F; 8 H Pine Oil-Pure ( Sperm- Solar and Summer Oil?Burning Y lu.d Chim ey's Globes?Wiks, &c., for sale by 'nim y O. WHITTLESEY. C st. Todd's Building*. Medical notice. DR PHILANDEK GOULD offers his proles sional services to the citizens of Washington. Office on Pennsylvania avenue, eppoeite Messr*. Brown's Hotel. *Pnl n~bln J OH PlW?fil? in all it/varieties, neatly and expeditiously ettevtui at the office of the Colum bian Fountain. C. V MUNCK, Cun, Locksmith, and Bell-Hanger, /), Between 6th nd Vh Streets. POETRY. It* words Are lew, but deep and solemn, and they break * re*h Iroin the fount of feeling.?Peroral. From ihe Philadelphia Saturday Courier. THE BEAUTY OF.KINDNESS. There is an ever-gushing fount of kindness in the heart, I hat ebbs and (lows to every scene in which we act apart. In love it flows, and its bright stream laves every deed we do; Waking the troubled soul of man to hope and joy anew. It bears life's richest blessings, enticing us to strew ? And twine them round each loved one's neck and each loved one's too. A smile is born on icy |ips_a sparkle in the eye r Of him who crushed, by pain and grief, has lain him down to die. In hate, it ebbs and leaves a void, a chasm within the breast That racks the troubled soul of man, and will not give it rest. The brow is stern, the lip'compressed, and smiles are seldom seen And pleasant thoughts, like winter's flowers, ?re and '"ar between. A brother's love and sympathies are looked upon as wiles, And locked up in our selfishness, we hate him tor his smiles. But if this heavenly fount should fail, or flow with feebler tide, Or8^.o?^jflaoflifeasho?"?f And ma^(^ PaiDS 10 Ay our steps forever to Oh, no! jt must not, cannot be?this is th? fountain source From whence those holy promptings come KVr oiiTk 10 [ng a 8weet remorse, i&7?e s:i!do?e am,8s-f<" ???d And give us nerve and faith to work our bet ter purpose through. pa^hyeaUty 'n ,heglow and ,one of sym ThefP f.n.?*harm 'n kindneS3 which an in a ,i J ,a eye may see? And read from cheeks ol glowing love, and eves of teftder light, Although the lips are still and sad, the brow is cold and white. As golden rays in pleasant June pierce thro' the summer air, Robing in heavenly splendor both the faulty and the fair; So kindness with its genial rays in one far reaching sweep, Embraces all that dwell on earth, or wander o'er the deep. Well have I marked his melting eye when Kindly thoughts have crept Upon the stern and worldly man', and bow'd him till he wept; And I have seen the proud man quail, and ! rude man sigh, When some ill-favored brother man cried out in agony. And as the evening shadows slope from west ern hill and steep, Tis sweet lo mark when kindness soothes and gives a peaceful sleep, To him whose food is scattered crumbs, whose couch the frozen earth, Who hath not had one happy hour, e'en from his pauper birth.' It is a holy precious sight to note his beaminsr eye, Whene'er some bright and lovely child may weep in passing by, And when the lip of beauty pales, the gentle bosom heaves, It is a richer gilt to him than heaps of golden sheaves. Oh, these are pure and pleasant things, which, if we chose to scan, PjVen in all its loveliness the angel heart of man. They throw a halo o'er the earth, with many a crimson dye, And hang upon the skirts of sin, like blossoms from the sky. J. M. T. Waterford, N. Y., 1840. MISCELLANY. THE PLAGUE OF HOUSEKEEPERS. 'Help,'as English Trollepessay we call all servants in America, is a sore source of trouble to housekeepers throughout the free States. South of 'Mason and Dixon,' they are, of course, provided for in their peculi ar way. Major Noah, in his last <Mes senger,' has one of his characteristic edito rials, on this subject, which contains some matters that address themselves lo 'the bu siness and bosom' of almost, if not every family, hereabouts. He says: 'We have found out the secret why ser vants plague the mistress of the house al most to death, and why a first rate waiting girl, in England makes a most indifferent servant in America, viz: the freedom of our institutions, which not only apply to all callings and occupations, but are assum ed by all; and all become infected with lib erty and equality the moment they touch our soil. This 'largest liberty' was not un derstood by our Revolutionary fathers to extend beyond political righU, and was not remotely intended to break down the barriers of society. In England, a man will hire a groom at a smaller salary, you give him a handsome livery; in this country, you must increase your wages if you wish yoar groom to wear a livery'at all. This doctrine was exemplified recent ly in a family advertising for a woman who would make herself generally useful; and among a number of applicants was an ex ceedingly prepo*?eMing girl, neatly dressed, with a handsome open countenance, and a ruddy complexion?a taking face, as we may call it. The lady aaid? 'You are an English girl, I believe?' 1Yes, ma'am, just arrived. Only been in the city two days, have no acquaintance at all, and only wish to go to church, Sunday afternoons.' 'You have a recommendation, I sup pose ?' 'Yes, ma'am?a seven years' charac ter, and a recommendation from our min ister.' 'The documents being read and all found genuine and satisfactory, the lady inquired what wages sh? would expeet. 'Why ma'am, the stewardess on board the ship told me to ask seven dollars per month I had in London nine pounds a year.' ?Why, that is scarcely four dollars a month. Now I am willing to give you six dollars, provided you, suit me. Having lived so long in one place, you remember what kind of work was required of you.' 'Oh, yes, ma'am, I was maid of all work.' 'Indeed ! Please tell me what was requir ed of you ?' 'Why ma'am, I had to rise at 6 in the morning?light kitchen fiie?kitchen to be swept; light drawing room fire?grate to be thoroughly cleaned, fire irons rubbed, drugget and rug to be taken up and shaken, carpet swept, and every thing removed and thoroughly dusted; hot water to be taken up to the bed rooms; breakfast table to be laid, and knives to be cleaned; breakfast at 8 o' clock, during which time passages to be cleaned and bell handle to be rubbed; break fast things to be washed up?kitchen fire replenished with coal?step of the door to be hearthstone?beds to be made, and bed-rooms to be swept and dusted?slops to be emptied?wash-hand stands to be thor oughly wiped?stairs swept down and stair case dusted?lamp to be trimmed and clean ed ; candlesticks cleaned. Lay dinner table, during dinner, clean up kitchen?every thing to be washed up and put in place?dress myself to take out the baby. Tea to be ready ; after tea, slops to be emptied and beds turned down?baby to be washed and put to bed. Supper at ten o'clock; every thing to be washed up be fore going to bed. Then, ma'am, on Monday, two bed-rooms to be swept and scoured, walls dusted, and grates and fire irons clean ed. Tuesday, water closet to be well wash ed out, and all the washing to be done.? Wednesday, clean one bed room, passage, and stairs. Thursday, drawing room ta be well swept with tea leaves, walls dusted, grate and fire irons well cleaned ; marble and table covers, and outside windows to be washed with soap andwater, and every blind to be moved and dusted, and ironing to be done. Friday,coppers, and all kitchen uten sils to be cleaned, as well as drawing room stairs. Saturday, kitchen and back kitch en to be thoroughly scoured and cleaned ; al^o, water closet to be scoured, aed every thing made tidy for Sunday. ' And did you get thiough with all this work ?' ' All, ma'am.' ' Well, if you do half as much for me, I shall be satisfied. You can come to-mor row.' At the end of a month, we asked the la dy after her "maid of all work." 'Oh,she went away in a foitnight! Said this was a free country, and she could not work herself to death.' This is the history of all servants. They arrive here with every required qualifica tion?courteous, willing and valuable ; but they soon become corrupted by example, and are taught rebellion by their colleague* of the kitchen and pantry. There are but few familes in this who keeps a girl two or three years ; whereas in England, ten yeais is no uncommon period for a servant to re main in one place. We know of no reme by to correct the evil. J. ROBINSON & CO. Auctioneers and Commission Merchants, Lcniitiuna Avenue, opposite Hank of Washington. REGULAR sale days (opposite Centre Market) Tuesdays, Thursdays ami Saturdays. All sales of Real Estate, Furniture and personal property at tended to on the most reasonable terms, june 16 BEERS' TEMPERANCE HOTEL Third street, north of Pennsylvania Ave nue and near the Railroad Depot WASHINGTON, D C. Prices to suit the times. MCLEAN A KNOTT. BOOK BINDER I'ennslyvanin Avenue. ON* DOOR WEST OF JACKSON lAkfc, Over the Office of the Colonization Society, INFORM the Public that they have entered into co-partnership, snd will execute, in a neat sn4 workman-like mauner, every variety of Binding. WILLIAM McLANK. a 27 1 m lGNATUUJ M.KNOTT,