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- mr "l-u-!? .. . - ; 1 i sa I!,,,,, u IB, a.iciy.; ?u.i?.?. ...? ??.?.! in?m?<n.r riuiTT.l .i^^jggSSgBSS* ULYSSES WARD. Editor and Proprietor. isami icrrr-_ i***?* s*Hk- r 11 )n-?\ui ,-Mnqqfc 1p ? ' '/F~ ~ " >?....- vt *=?..?-.r'i VOL. I. NO 270. WASHINGTON, D C.. THURSDAY, OCTOBER 29, 1846. !H " ?>f11 ~^ ??'? KTrtTTTi: *Tt;?jdj Kev. J. T. WARD, AiwistaiitEditor. PRICE ONE CENT. THE COLUMBIAN FOUNTAIN, EDITED AND PirBMSHKP DAILY BY ULY8SES WARD. ASSISTED tT HIS SON, R K V. J. T. WARD. Jit One Cent per Number. AIM, THE WEEKLY FOUNTAIN, At 3 ceuta per number, $1 per year. 3 subscribers, #8. Office on Pennsylvania avenue, a few i. doors East of the Railroad. TERMS OR ADVERTISING. 1 square of 14 lines, 1 insertion 37 cts. 1 do w u " 2 insertions 62 " 1 do ? " ? 3 " 75 " 1 " 3 times per ween for three months $3 75 1 line 1 insertion 6 cts.' For every subsequent insertion 3 " Business cards of 5 lines Cor 3 times per week for three months $1 00 For one year 3 00 Payable invariably in advance. Printing of every description neatly executed: such as Books, Pamphlets, Cir cular*, Cards, Handbills, etc., etc., on as good terms as at any other officfc. While tlie tcColumbian Fountain" will j be devoted to the cause of Temperance, its columhs will be enriched by original articles on subjects calculated to interest, instruct, and benefit its readers. It is intended so to blend variety, amusement, and instruction, as that the various tastes of its patrons may be (as far is it is practicable) gratified. Commerce, Literature, aud Science, and every other subject of interest, not inconsis tent with Temperance and morality, will re ceive the earnest attention of the publisher. Nothing of a sectarian, political, or personal character Will be admitted. mail arrangements. The Eastern Mail for Baltimore, Philadel phia, New York and Boston, closes at 4J and 9 P. M. daily, except on Saturday nights. No mails sent East of Baltimore on Sunday morning. The mails from the above cities arrive daily at 9 A. M. and 8 P. M. except Sunday night. The Western Mail closes at 9 P. M. and arrives at 8 P. M. daily. The Southern Mail closes at 8 A. M. and i arrives at 5 P. M. daily. Office open fram 7 A A.M. to 9 P.M. daily-, except Sunday, on which day it is open from 71 A. M. to 10 A. M., and from 12 M. to 1$ P. M., arid from 7 to 9 P. M. BUSINESS CARDS. R. FINLEY HUNT, RESIDENT DENTIST. Washiwotoi* Citt, Pennsylvania Avenue, between 9th 10/h st ret* april 26-tf. MEDICAL NOTICE. DR. PHILANDER GOULD offers his profes sional services to the citizens of Washington. Office on Pennsylvania avenue, opposite Messrs. Brown's Hotel. april u_Gm MEDICAL CARD. DR. ALFRED H. LEE tenders his professional services to the citizens of Washington and its vicinity. Office H street, near 7th. july 18-flm J. ROBINSON^ CO. Auctioneers and Commission Merchants, Louisiana Avenue, opposite Rank of Washington. REGULAR sale days (opposite Centre Market) Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays. All sales of Real Estate, Furniture and personal property at tended to on the most reasonable terms, june 16 rOHN EDGAR'S Musical Academy G street near J 1 Ifh. J. E. will give instruction upon the Piano, Guitar, Flute, Violin, and also in vocal music. Terms $12 per quarter. sept 11?tf E.KQRJi VlJfG AMD COPPERpWtT PRINTING, B Y J. V. N. THROOP, Pennsylvania avenue, between 1st and 2d streets, near the CapitoL .V. B. Engraving on Wood. Nor. 4 y CHARLES PASCOE, Boot and Shoe Store j on seventh street, between D and E streets. Jn hand a general assortment of all articles kept n a Boot and Shoe store, which are offered at pri :es that cannot fail to please. A Card. THE undersigned, considering himself duly qualified, offers his services to the citizens if Washington for the drawing of plans and spe cifications of dwelling or other houses, and also as neasurer of builders' work. Charges moderate. 1 may be consulted between the hours of 9 and 2 a'clock, A. M., at Mr. Purdy'a Office, Lumber fard, 7th street, Market-House square. fob 27-tf JOHN C. HARKNESS. Fine Watch Repairing. ^CHRONOMETER, Duplet, Lever, Eepine, Repeating and Music Watches, accurately re paired, also common Watches, Clocks, and Music oxes, put in order, at the sign of the Watch, with he guard, key, and chain, north side of Pennsylvania i venue, between second and third streets. By CHAUNCEY" WARRINER. HATTERS. ~ STEVEN'S & EMMONS will introduce the ' "Autum" fashions for Gents Hats on Saturday ' ept. ft. In accordance with our usual custom we shall in oduce simultaneously, "Levy's'' and Becbe & ostor's Fashion's. Oentlcmen who have their siies"registercd with s will forward ilieir ordvrs. Sales Rooms Nne I. A 2. Browns Hotel, CIRCULARS, etc. etc. Neatly printed at tills oilice. BUSINESS CARDS. CHEAP FOR CASH!! L. S BECK, House-Furnishing Store, Pennsylvania Avtnur, South side, between 9th and I sireets, Washington. I have on hand new and second-hand goods: such as Bedsteads, Bads, and Bedding; Tutiles, Chairs, Bureaus and Sideboards;, China, Glass, and Crockeryware, Cutlery, Hollow-ware of every variety, Shovels and Tohgs, Carpets, Brooms, Brushes, Willow and Wooden ware; with a va riety of article* too nuoMrotia to mention. apr 16 BENJAMIN HOMAJSS, Auctioneer and Commission Merchant, Between 10lh and 1UA -Streets, fronting Perm? svlvaniu Avenue. Sale9 of Real Estate, Furniture, and Personal Property, attended to at any place within the city, march 9-tf DENNIS PUMPHREY'S Livery Stable, oor ner of 6th and C. streets. Horses and Car nages to hire. Horses taken at livery, and kept in the best manner. A. GLADMON, ' House Carpenter and Joiner. Shop corner of 9th and M streets, Washington. Where, at all timet, Sash, Blinds, Doors, See., can bo had. All manner of work in bis line will be ex ecuted at the shortest notice. HOMOEOPATHY.?Dr. Jonas Gre^n^late of Philadelphia,) tenders hit professional ser vices to the citizens of Washington and Its vicinity, a9 r practitioner of the Homoeopathic By stem of me dicine. His residence it on C street, near 3d. dec 83-tf ? BRISCOE & CLARKE, Dealers In Cloths, CaS simeres, Vestings, &e., Pennsylvania avenue, a few doors west of Brown's Hotel. ^ TSAAC STODDARD.?Biackgmithing ingene I ral, on Four and a half, between:E and F sts. Work done cheap. WILLIAM P. SHEDD, Old Centre Market, opposite J. Wntker's. KEEPS constantly for sale all kinds of fresh meats; meat well dressed, and at moderate prices. march 11?tf PRESLEY - SIMPSON, Psnnsylvania Aveitue, North side, 2d door ea.it q} 11 th street, keeps a general assortment 3f Family Groceries. 4NDREW J. JOYCE, Horse Shoeing and Smithing Establishment, successor .to John if, corner of 14th and K streets, i>ear Fuller's Hotel. Thankful for the patronage he has receiv ed from a liberal public, lie solicits a continuance of the same. TTT H. GUNNELL?Dealer in Lumber, YV , Lime, Wood, &c. Corner of Canal and 6th streets, near Pennsylvania Avenud". DR. HAMILTON P. HOWARD, tender* hia professional services to the citizens of Wash ington, D. C. He may be found jit Dr. F. HoW4 ard's, N. E. comer of F and 11th sts. Dec. 2? RICHARD VANSAN 1\ Merchant Tailor and Gentlemen*furnishing store, Pennsylvania avenue, between 14th and 15th streets, and adjoining Fuller's Hotel.' march 12?tf WM. NOELL, Venitian Blind maker, south side Pennsylvania avenue, between 9th and 10th streets. Blinds of all sixes and colors, fur nished to order. Old blinds retrimmed and painted. JONATHAN T. WALKER. ?House car penter and joiner on K street, shop corner K and 8th streets. FRANCIS Y. NAYLOR^T Copper, Tin, Sheet-Iron and Stove Manufacturer. Roofing, Guttering, Spouting, &c. South side Pennsylvania avenue, near Third-street, Wash ington, City, 1). C. C. H. VAN PATTEN, M. D., Dentist, PERFORMS all operations upon tiie Teeth, Gums and Mouth, with the greatest care and skill. Office near Brown's Hotel, and next door to Todd's Hat Store. feb 25- ly ? I. S. BALL, Dealer in Tobacco, Snuff <$ Cigars, Pennsylvania Avenue, between Fuller's <$? Gullabrun'i.i Hotel. april 22. ^ IS. BALL also repairs Watches and Jewelry. # april 22-tf EARTHENWARE, CHINA AND GLASS, rp PURSELL, Importer and Dealer in E. Ware, ^ , China and Glass, wholesale and retail, at his store, opposite Brown's Hotel, Pennsylvania avenue, Washington city, D. C. CUPPING, LEECHING AND BLEEDING A large supply of best Sweedish Leechee, already on hand, to be applied or for sale, by SAML. DEVAUGHN, 9th street. Who also has ICE for sale whenever called for, as above. april 2-lf W WHITNEY.?Boot and Shoe Dealer, ? opposite Brown's Hotel, Pennsylvania Avenue, has received his fall stock of Boots and Shoes suitable for plantation use, he invites the at tention of those who wish such articles, and prom ises them good bargains. GEORGE CQLLARD, DEALER /JV LUMBER, WOOD, COAL, LIME SJUfD, JI*YD CEMENT, Corner of 6th st. and Missouri Avenue. Nov. 4 2? I). CLAGETT <fc CO., HEALERS IN FANCY AND STAPI.K DRY GOODS, CARPET1NGS, OIL CLOTHS, CURTAIN STUFFS, Ac. Corner of 9th street <$? Penn. avenue, WASHINGTON, D C. I FURNITURE.?New and second hand, daily m ' ceived. For sale, on reasonable terms, by B. HOMANS, april 13; Between 10th and 11th streets. J. E. W. THOMPSON, CABINET MAKER UNDERTAKER F between 13th and 14th sts.. rvn-,v> ?V?>4 *?* Utarset kept, and funerals atltndtd to. Nov. 4?y POETRY. Its words Are lew, but deep and solemn, and they break r ie?h Iroin the fount of levin*.?ftaxivai. " FVom the New York American. Mb. Editor : I do not remember any thing which has produced so phasing un impression on ray mind as the little stqrf which is said to have been told by the late Dr. Godman to his frjends. of the boy who' was about 10 fall from the rigging, and was sav*4 only by (he male's impressive exclamatinn, 'Look aloft, you lub ber.' 7 The story and th?? 'applicaiion were some what in ihe style of Dr. Franklin, and would not have been unworthy of his lame. The following verses cannot claim the ineril of ihe slightest originality, but their insertion will amply rewattf the author, if they recall the anecdote which prompted them, or enforce its beautiful morality. LOOK ALOFT. In the tempest of life, when the wave and the gale Are around and above, if thy footing should fail It thine eye should grow dim, and thy caution de part? " Look aloft" and be firm, and be fearless of heart. If the friend, who embraced in prosperity's glow With a smile for each ioy and a tear for each woe, Should betray thee wnen sorrow like clouds are arrayed, " Look aloft" to the friendship which never shall fade Should the visions which hope spreads in light to thine eye Ljk* the tints of the rainbow, but brighten to fly, Then turn, and through tears of repentant regret, " Look aloft" to the sun that is never to set. Should they who are dearest, the son of the heart. The wife of thy bosam?in sornow depart; "Look aloft," from the darkness and dust to the tomb, To that soil where "sJRSction, is ever in bloom." And oh! when death comes, in terrors to cast Ilia fears on the ftjture, his pall on the past, In that moment of darkness, with hope in thy heart, And a smile in thy eye, ? look aloft" and depart. ORIGINAL. WHAT IS BEAUTY? Tis nought but a vision that da2zka the-sight, ; While jrouth's sunny features flit o'er us, Whose wing, like the glance of the sun^etting i , light? ? i Ever fades on the pathway before us. 'Tis that which may bloonj like the roses of spring, (Jndimm'd by a vision of sorrow, Though storms e'er harrass this delicate thing And it perishes long ere to-morrow. 'Tis that which may thrive all the long summer day, And bask in the flourishing showers, Till autumn hath brought all its leaves to decay, Then it fades like the last of the flowers. ? ?i ? . *" ' 'Tis thus when Ihe leaves of existence have fell, Their forms to the breezes are sighing, Till winter hath rob'd all the withering dell, Then her seeds in its pinions are dying. Dksiiong. C 0 MM U NIC AT 10 NS.-' SUCCESS IN DOING HARM. If distillet-s and venders of liquid poisons, are in ear nest to promote the baseness and misery of their fellow creatures, none could ever boast of more constant or widely extended success. Oftentimes benevolent de signs are defeated for want of the combination of many individuals all having; the same object in view. Not so with distillers: thousands of dealers?hotel-keep ers, steamboat-owners, grocers, and dram-shop keep ers, in town and country, help on the work of destruc tion with all their might. Erom these combined ef forts flow a steady (it is to be hoped not an increasing) prop-ess of the common and basest profligacy, and all kinds of crimes; maugre all the laws, and churches, and week day and Sunday Schools, and Tempeiance Societies in these United States. . SKNEX. ?DESTROY .AW him with thy meat (or drink) fur whom Christ died." This was addressed to members of churches, who by their eating of meat offered to idols might destroy some of their brethren. Distilled liquors were not then invented, Had they been, is it to be supposed that Christians of the first churches would have con verted grain and fruits into liquid poisions for the mo ney of self-destroy en? These christians?many of! them?laid their necks on the executioner's block j gave their bodies to tortures, to the sword, to the j flamts, to wild beasta, to the ocean?they suffered the | most cruel deaths, rather than sin, or cause others to i sin?they died for their brethren. So far were they from promoting sin in others. Are we to look for their ruece.i.lors among those modem Christians who make and sell the cause of all kinds of crimes and suf ferings'' Hardly. The time has come for the chnn-hes to purify themselves. It ought to be said In no church in these United States is there a member who' makei, or sells, or drink*, ardent spirits, or any in-' toxicating liquor. This is the boast of Temperance Societies. When will the churches come up from the wilderness of Intemperance.' SENEX. COLUMBIAN FOUNTAIN. patsick henry. We find (he following in the baptist Re gister. and to us, it is new. It appears that soon after Henry's noted case of" tobacco and preserves" as it was sometime* called he heard of a case of oppression lor consci ence's sake- The English church, haying been established by law in Virginia, became, as all other establishments are wont to do, exceedingly intolerent towards other sects. In prosecution of this system of conversa rion, three BabtistB clergymen had been in dieted at Frederiekhurg, for preaching the gospel of the Sod of God, contrary to the statute of Henry, hearing of this, rode some. filty miles to volunteer his services in'de-; fence of the oppressed. H# entered the court, being unknown to all save the bench and the clerk. He sat within the bar un til the reading was finished, and the King's attorney had concluded someiemarks in de fence of the prosecution, when he arosie reached out his band for the paper, and with out more ceremony, proceeded an follows : " May it please your worships, 1 think 1 heard read by the prosecutor, as I entered this house, the paper that 1 now hold in my hand. If 1 have ? rightly understood the King's attorney of tWe colony, he has fra med an idictment for the purpose of arra igning g,nd puuishing by imprisonment, three inoffensive persons before the bar ol this court for a crime of great magnitude as disturbers of the peace. May it please the court, what did 1 hear read? Did 1 hear it distinctly, or was it a mistakp of my own? Did I hear an expression, as if a crime, thattheee men, whom your worships are about to try for misdemeauor, are char ged with?what?" and continuing in a low, solemn, heavy tone, " preaching the goapel of the Son of God." Pausing, amidst the most profound silence and breathless he slowly waved the paper three times aronnd his head, when lifting his hands and eyes to heaven, he, with peculiar and expressive eh ergy, exclaimed," great God!" The ex clamation?the burst of feeling from the au dience were overpowering. Mr. Henry re sumed: . ? : , "May il please your worships ; in a day like this?when truth is about to burst her fetters, when mankind is about to be arous ed to claim natural and inalienable rights? when the yoke of oppression, that has reached the wilderness of America, and the unnatural unibn of ecclesiastical and civil power is about to be dissevered?at such a period, when liberty?liberty of conscience is about to awake from her slumbers, and inquire into the reason of such charges as 1 find exhibited here to-day, in'this indict ment!" Another fearful pause, when the j speaker alternately cast his slrarp piercingi eyes on the court and prisoners and resum ed : "If I am not mistaken, according to the contents of this paper I now hold in my hand, these men are accused of preaching the gospel of the Son of God ? Great God!" Another long pause, while he again waved the indictment around his head while a deeper impression was made on the audi tory. Resuming his speech, "may it please your wofthips, there are periods in the his tory of man, when corruption and depravi ty have so long debased the human charac ter, that man sinks under the wejght of the oppressors hand?becomes his servile, jus abject slave \ he licks the hand that smites him ; he boWs irt passive obedience to the mandates of the despot; and, in this state of servility, he receives his fettejs.of perpe tual bondage. But, may it please your wor ships, such a day has passed away ! t rom that period when our fathers left the land of their nativity for the settlement in these American wilds?for liberty, for civil and religious liberty?for liberty of conscience to worship their Creator according to their own conceptions of Heaven^s revealed will from the moment they placed their feet upon the American continent, and in the deeply imbeded forest sought an asylum from persecution and tyrranv, from that moment despotism was crushed, the fetters of darkness were broken, and Heaven de creed that men should be free?free to wor ship God according to the dictntes ol then own consciences. . VVeie it not for this, in vain were all tluer sufferings and bloodshed to subjugate this new world, if we, their offspring, must still be oppressed and persecuted. But may it please your worships, permit me to inquire once more, for w hat are these men to be tried This paper says, for preaching the gospe of the Savtour to Adam's fallen race And in tones of thunder, he exclaimed : " W hat LAWS HAVE THEY VIOLATED . N\ hlle the third time, in low, dignified manner, he hit ed his eyes to heaven, exclaimed?"Great God !" and again he waved the indictment around his head. The court and audience were now wrought up to the most intense pitch ol excitement. The face of the prosecuting attorney was pallid and ghastly, and he ap peared unconscious that his whole frame w as agitated with alarm, while the judge in a tremulous voice, put nn end to the scene, now becoming excessively painful, by the declaration, "sheriff discharge those men general worth. The position of this gallont officer, pre vious to the taking of Monterey, was of such a character as to merit the considera tion of every lover of his country. But the occasion has offered,and he has proved himself Wouth-.v the confidence placed in him. The Union, in calling attention to the list of names of the officers in the Rio Grande, makes the following remarks, evi dently in allusion to Gen. Worth: "The eye seeks in vain amid this brilliant list for the name of one who is the 'bravest of the brave 1 Yet, wherever the post of Mtam and of honor i?, there .should we look for hi* towering plume. Distinguish ed in the war or 1812, as a subalte.n-cov ered with laurel/in the campaign of Floii da?bray?f the tbreatning fire of the boast ing^Mexicaua, as he crossed the Colorado jio the van of hi? regiment during the last spring, we would naturally expcct to see him the fir?t on the field ef fame in the battles or Palo Alto and Reaeca de la Pal ma ; but the evil star or his destiny utpara teu him for a moment from this opporiuttJ ty or distinction. He did not anticipate any battle. I'he moment he suspected it he flew to the scene or action, but it was too late. Vet the war is not over; but the held or rame is still open before him. Who does not believe that he will only become more animated by the disappointment he has encountered ? that he will lead the van it the General permit him, and that his name will be enrolled among the bravest in any or the Mure achievements or the cam paign." The Savannah Republican says? "Now let us see ir the Union and Mr. Polk will allow the 'bravest of the brave' to wear the laurels he ha9 won. Worth must be made a fall Brigadeer. The army does not contain a braver or a more chival ric chieftain, or the country a man of pujer or loftier impulses. Taylor is already well known as the Hero of the Rio Grande Worth will be equally recognized as tha Hero of Monterey." WHERE DO THE MARTINS GO ? W e have watched with no little curiosity for some years past the movements of these birds, and we can find nothing satisfactory even with the aid of our friend Barnhart, who hac been 24 years sheltering them and keeping an eye to their'latitude and depar ture.' ? 1 r Mr. Barnhart has a box at his house for 12 pair or them, and informs us that this year they came batik from the 15ih to the 30th of March, and took their flight with the survivors of their younglings about the 15th of August. S3 they favor us with their company and cheering voices only about five months of the year. Mr. B. in forms us that a large portion of the first brood were destroyed by the wet weather, the old birds not being able to secure the proper amount or food, but they finally took ofi with them something like 00 young ones. They make their departure always in the night. Inquiry has bfcen made, of men who have travelled the world over, and yet none of them can'tell where the martins spend our tall and Winter. We shall have to turn o.ur attention to ornithological studies, | Winchester (Va.) Repub. Baltimore and O. Rah.road?The subscription made by the company to the stock of the Pittsburg and Connelsville R. R .was for 700 shares, at $50 each, making $35,000, and that or this sum $1,750, be ing the first instalment, has been paid. The receipts or the company in the last year were much larger rrom every source or revenue than in any preceding year since the work has been opened to use. Bat.T. Aivn O. R. R.?The gros>9 revenue of the company for the main wteam of the road amounted to $895,315 34 The expenses were 454,839 88 Nelt profits, $440,475 46 .This is an increase of $65,713 60 over the profits of last year, and more than 6 per cent on the capital of the company. Keep Warm.?Put on flannels now' These cool mornings and evenings will leave you with both billious fevers and se vere colds, unless you use some preventive. FJannel is much better than toddy to keep you warm. Take no antifogmatics or night caps. Bitters are hitters indeed when age comes upon you. VOLNEY B. PALMER ^authorised to receive Subscriptions and Advertisement* for the Columbian Fountain, and to receive the money and give receipts for the same, at hii offices, No. 16(1 Nassau St rent, N. Y., and N. W. corner Third and Chesnut, Philadelphia. oct 24-tf BRICKLAYERS WANTED, TO work on the I emperance Hall, to receive pay in stock ; bricklayers, friendly to the Temperance cause, who woukl be willing to work for stock in the building, or give a day or two for the good of the cause, can go to work immediately as materials are on the ground and the work ready, apply to, wpt 14-tf s. PARKER, or GEO. SAT AGE LAMPS ! LAMPS'! ilNE OIT. and Solar I.amps of the most ap proved patterns, and sold at the lowest prices.?. A constant supply of FRESH Pina Oil?Pure Sperm- Solar and Summer Oil?Burning Fluid? Chim ey's Gloltes? Wiks, Ac., for sale by O. WHITTLESEY, jy b tf C at. Todd'a Buildings. WORTHINGTON G. SNETHEN. attorney and counsellor at law TTTASHINGTON, D. C., practice# in the 8u \\ pre mo Court of the United Slate* and in sev eral courts of the District of Columbia, and prose* ecuirs all manner of claim against the Unit d fctates, either before Congress or the different d? partment* of the eovrrment. P!