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1 '.I \ J. 11 tt* 7 t i f T ! 1 I*: •» k ntfl •uir . ' ) T ±t* ■Ti.. ' l^-T " h4 - WILMINGTON. DEL., MONDAY. FEBRUARY 8. 18?5. VOL. LXXX1V.--NO, 574, PRICE 1 CENT. « ••.I.fjrt' 1 <14 ' 1 -1-UIDJE-i--I"". m . .. ' t.jw iwi ■WS? GKOCEHIES. 'I KO. I> WHEELER, NO. lot KASlT SECOND STREET, G llaviug enlarge;! Ins place ol hnsiiiMSS, oilers the penile great advantages in »II kimtSof ilKOCKItIUri, ti EINE TEAS We AND COFFEE, AT REDUCED PRIORS. Canned Fruit* of all kinds ui h flight advance ••u lh® wholesale price. Thankful tor imu favor*; we Midi solicit a dlmre of Hie puuliu patronage. !>• not forget Xai:!""' -.«»W"' iiovu'îl-tl UM E. Second Street. KKM AN AflltENS. II BtNERAl PROVISION DEALER. '> o. *33 Tfttnall «treat. WILMINGTON, BEL, Would respectfully nnnourtce to hi» friend* tun! the public that ho Mtlll carries Meat business, at the old stand, and will keep coiMtnutlv on hand the bestuuullty at 8UGAK lURf-D HAMS, FLITCH, SHOULDERS,* LAUD. PORK, SAUSAGE, DRIED BEEF, CHEESE, TONGUES, Ac., Ac.. All «if which will be sold wholesale and retail M tho lowest citv Ins t the a rices. ks to his many custo iu«t favors op«I respectfully solicits a ce of the MUftiif. He re I f'Ultll OHN I» A LI. MOND, be cor. Market streets. DEALER IN GHOCERi E'L LEAS. COFFEE. SPiCES. Ac . Ac. Corner Eighth a Market Ssteets. M. R. BOWMAN. S\ r fill Kin? St & 2d and king. Grocer & Tea Dealer, Private Families, Hotels, Restaurants and other consumers pplmd with THU BEST OHOCERIBS AT FAIR PRICKS, A Nil SATISFACTION GUARANTEED. Second and Kill*Streets and rdl King streets. mayauiiu. rjAHE NEW CASTLE COUNTY MimiAL Insurance Company NO. ISO MARKET STREET, » ISHlIRRrt AGAINST FIRE, ALL OTHER HINDU OF fclOl'SKtt ANII HMI.D1NU8 WITH THEIR CONTENT», For period* of thus varyiniç from 1 months to of year*. to Man AO hits: WILLIAM LAN BY, GKO. ltlCHAKUMON, HAM'L CANHY, clkment B. Smith . 1 AMKri ItIDDLK \ Shannon William Tatnall, .Jamkm Mhaukoko, '»DUN GIIVF.K, » DA*. W. Howland, Low'd Dkinohukht, hOWAKU '1. BKLI.AH, A ASAION RirilAHDSON, GKO. 11. ltATKë, M. M. CLP.AVKK. WILLIAM TATNALLL, Fre't. feblO >\M'L. SMITH, See'y. 10LAWARK CARPET IIUUSK, I) :iiü MARKET STREET ABOVE THIRD * WILMINGTON. DEL.! V he « huupest plai e m the »tato to buy your ü Amnion. 0L0THB.MATTIN88. and WINDOW SHADES AT HHMKY aRlBB'S, ion MARKET STREET. N. IJ. - Rag Caru 1 'Jiurte-t uotice and ct woven to oruftf. at lb* lowed market rates. NEW BOOKS! AT £. S- R. BUTLER'S HOOK. STATIONER Y AD NEW8PAPKR Mnriiel Hlreet, Cloth. SI M >Ve»t Lawn..... ilio Structure ot Ancient Lit*. do rheOld Woman that Lived inashoe.do Ant* ny Brade . do 1 76 II 10 Town ol the World. U» ole »lohn .. .. » ( ba*t* a* Ice. Sure «* Snow. By Still Water9 . . Hidden with the Cord*. Idolatry. . lirookley Moor... Anecdote. Biography of Thackeray d dickens. Outof the Hurly-Burly. New Hooke received ms soon as issued 2 60 1 50 du I 60 d 150 do i li 1 7o V . uo Ou a 2 00 1 50 1 iff llUMAH Ik LALLY, T Market Ntreet, S3 1 CONVEYANCING, HEAL ESTATE AND CLAIM BUSINESS, t'KOVKHTV BOUOI1T, SOI.D AMU EXCHANQKD. Houses Reutoil, Routs Collected, I.oiuis Negotiated, Fbxfarko' Ltsu al Papers rlM'74dAwtf 407 MARKET ST., 407 BENJ. S. CLARK A full assortment of superior CLOCKS, WATCHES, JEWELRY AND SPECTACLES, Constantly on hand ami for sale at the lowest market rates. Particular and personal atten lion given to Repairing any article In the above line. A fine assortment of Spectacles constantly on hand, and Hole agent for the Celebrated Diamond Spectacles uiarlÄ R EMOVAL.— P. il. FLINN bus removed Iron be Fourth street Market to th New Mhi uot. Third and King streetB. atalis 7Ö and 8u. where he hope« to supply his cub luera as usual. Thauktul for » a*t- favors b» •hopes to be the recipient of many more Horn sigeneroi»- nub lie.. nov25dJkw COAL AND WOOD O ^jjUAllLEs W A KNICK & CO., MARKET STREET WHARF, W TMfTXQ TON, DEL. WHOLESALE AND KlïTAIL DEALERS —IK— ASTHRACtTF. AND BITUMINOUS COAL The only Un# in this city receiving coal dftllv »II rail, from Cumbsrlnnil region. The tmlv linn selliug EXCLUSIV LY'tlie Lehigh iiri.l Wilkeslinrre Coal Company's Uwal. Every one should nso the Shawnee Coal for family, steam or manufacturing purposes. We guarantee it to make less ashen, prove more eennointoal and give better satisfaction than anv coal offered In thia market. ASK FOR SHAWNE COAL, BURN SHAWNEE COAL Tell your friends what fOij think of tho BHAWNEK COAL, CHAULER WARNER A CO., Market -Street Wharf. If. JelMy 1HEAP BOOOTS AND SHOES, o SECOND ST., 2 DOORS WEST of MARKET The undersigned respectfully informs ins friend« and the public that he has on hand a large and well selected stock of FALL AND WINTER ROOTS, SHOES and GAITERS, suitable for Ladle*, Gentlemen, Minsert ami Children, which are manufactured from tho best material and made in the best, manner, and will be sold as low as the same article can this or any other city. Ladies und gentlemen buying at iny store will have the advantage of a large and varied assort ment from which to select a fashionable and neat fitting boot or shoe. The public are cor a tally invited to call and examine my stock sud learn mv exceedingly low prices. inay'21-tf .ÏOH N it. BABCOCK. be obtained Mioimlile Furnitur«. J.«fc J.N. HARMAN» No 410 King Street WILMINGTON. DEL., We respectfully infirm the oltl «■9» cens of Wilmington and the fL rounding country that we continue shBBBio manufacture and keet- on hand at oar large and long establish* • wureroouis, Furniture of every variety and »tvle. eon siating of Mahogany. Rosewood and W&lnu Furniture suitable for parlor.dIning-room and ohamber uses. Our assortaient of Furniture is largeerand be found in Delaware, nur A more varied than sud all artiel.s .old »tour Mtabli.hm.nt are warranted as r.pra.optta- .... Vsnlttan Blinds ol tha most fashionable dsilsns mad. to order and kapt oonatantly on hand. We also manutaotur. and constant ly keep a largeasortment of spring. Uair, Mas. and U..Ï Maures^ harman 410 Klngtitreet » OOUE'8 CÙEAV 1'Hll.aUEI.PHIA V aBIKXY STOItE, No. KW WR8T SZCON'n STUKVT. Sogar» and Tobacco ol choice brands, Stationery, Slates anil Pencils, Ac. Daily ami Weekly Papers always on liane! Call and M to Yours, J. OLIVER MOORE. loo West Second Street, Wiliuiiuftoii, Delaware. jfinH THK GAZETTE IT OFFICE lb* NO, 410 MARKET STREET, WILMINGTON M 76 60 50 WE ARF: PREPARED TO EXECUTE 60 150 7o ALL ORDERS FOR . uo 00 1 50 iff Plain and fancy Job Printing, POSTERS CIRCULARS. DODGERS, Sic. 407 WITH NEATNESS AND DISPATCH AND ^JKOHHE JACK, 305 Market St. WATCHES* JEWELRY, AC lowest atten the if SPKCTA®aF.S A EYE-GLASSES, GOLD, SILVER AND RUBBER FRAMES We claim from experience to suit every pe culiarity #f impaired vision, end in every case Kntrantee satlstaction. Our lacilltieB are »ueb that we can exchange glasses Iu any shaped frame to suit the customer in a few Hours. N. B.—First store above Third street. »ep'Ä-ly th atalis cub b» Horn hMn|lhM I Repairing in aU it* branches. O P iti N L N ■' } ■ AND MUMMER Dress Goods, oi.aoïl SI XAH Ü. I I Fm (our spueihlty.) Knot, mu Walking Jacquf,ts, foil RPRfNO .WRAR; KUKNUIJ FOULARD, FKKNl'II tf- IRISH POt'f.lN, SHAWI.S, UASSIMERE, WATER-PROOFS, TRIMMINGS OF Abb KINDS, the a u and for If. !.. LICHTENSTEIN, 216 Market street, WILMINGTON. 506. 506. LAY A31DE KVERYTUINft I CA-lsCi AT OMOE ! ami he convinced. OOOD-tNRVKR HO CHEAP BEFORE. KeluMn* Stiox -it BELOW COST PRICKS i $ DRYGOODS.! BOOTS ANI> SHOES; CROOKKRY AMD GLASSWARE. The greatest vnriety and the largest assort ment of goods m tlii) State. Remember tho place ami number. ADAMS & BR.O., 50G. MARKET ST. GOG. WILMINGTON. DEL. ianl-tr EDUCATIONAL. UGBY ACADEMY, R A SELECT ENGLISH, CLASSICAL AND COMMERCIAL INSTITUTION, MA30NIC TEMPLE, WILMINGTON, DEL SAM'L W. MURPUV. A.M..M.D..P»iNniriI., Asaisted by experienced mst several departments of the school. ».tors in the FALL TERM OPENS SEPf. 7tb. 1874.: For Catnlagnm, »Rplv I llouglmian, Thomas & Co.'s. SEWING MACHINES. GROVER & BAKER'S ' 2STEW Lock Shitch. SEWING MACHINE, D f 607 KINO bTRBKE, (C|HVl«»n Hi *e.> HIGGINS' BAKERY, KO» OlttYLT Slit 11: T. Fresh Bread, Cakes an I Pies every morn ing. Confectionary in variety. nov21-1m flocks. Watches & Jewelry. No. It»a Kauf TliI ni HI reef, \Tv7o doors heluw King.) WILMINGTON. DEL. Cloaks. Watches and /Jewelry repaired and eaned in Vho best manner and at I d satisfaction guaranteed, collent Cleoks for sale. The public noviltf figures. A variety of ex* : invited to gi tue a call. E. U. HANF FITS CUR ED FREE 22 Anj poison suffering Iron* the above dir* ease is requested to address Dli. PKIC< . and a trial bottle of melieino will be forwarded by e*|»ref»?, FREE ! The only cost being the Express charge*, which owiap lo iny Ur/e buslnesr, or* snisll FITS OR EPILErST a »tuJy for yearr, and he will wurran by tUft use of hi* remedy. D » not fail to send to him for a trial bottle; It oostB nothing, and he t a car WILL CURE YOU, no matter how long standir.vi your cane may be, or bow many other reme lio* may |hnve failed. Circulars and testimopials sent with (f FREE TRIAL BOTTlE. Be particular to give your Express, nr well a* your Post Office direction, und AddrertF, Janl4-lyd&lyw DR. CH AS. T.t'RTCE, 67 William St.Ne.v York ^VEORUK VICKERS, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Cbeetertowu, Mary In ml «1. W. VIC HIIRN, ATTORNEY AT LAW. Chcfltcrtown, Md. dAw DR. BLOCKSOM NO. 411 MAD SON STREKT. WILMINGTON.. DEL. Night calls promptly answered. dec.28-3 TTfALTBB CUMMINS, ATTORNEY - AT - LAW AND SOLICITOR IN CHANCERY pe Wilmington, DEL. NOTICE—M? King Street nert, door to Post Office. dec?0 ly ■ I N. Y. Industrial Exhibition C/OMFANV. - SSO - wru. nur a I Fm ,st Mortgage Premium Bond OF THE \ ii The-c llonrla arc issued for Die raising Hinds lor the creation of u the city of New York, to he used for a PERPETUAL WORLD'S FAIR, a permanent home Hirer can patentee liiatry which will prove "mlc country. e of ptirpoe buildih , where every iuamit#c exhthit anil sell hisguods, amt every can show his Invention; u centre of vast benefit In the Knv this purpose, the Legislature of the fr - nt New York hau granted a charter tu a .m.t of our most wealthy ami respectable merchants, ami thc.se gentlemen have pur chase t no less than eight blocke of the ludet valuable land in the dry of New York. The building to he erected will be seven utoriea high (i:.U feet in height), surmounted by u magnificent dome, und will cover a space of acre', it will be constructed of Iron, Brick and (ilass, and made flre-proof. The bonds, which are all for $20 each, are secured by u tgageonthe land and building, und for thé purpose of making them popular, the directors have decided to have quarterly draw ings of ♦ I '» 0,000 each; tills money being the utcrest on the amount of the whole loan. Ilrst i $ 21 *.}»*»! i hoiidholiiel it he nifty re uuiat receive at least n ive 100.000 ! «r$Vi,nnri, nr fKymoio '$5,non, or $1,000, Ac EVERY BOND purchased before January 1th, 1ST.*», will par ticipate in the THIRD SEREI8 DRAWING HELD MONDAY, JANUARY 4Tif, 18ÎÔ. Capital Premium, $100,000. These Drawings take dace every three months, and eventually every bond will par ticipate in then). Address, for Ronds anti full information, noner.vi ii Ar. rkitao a n>.. Financial Acrnts, 21 Park Row, New York. Post < HBce Drawer 2!». Remit by Draft on N. Y. City Banks Regis term! I «etter or P. o. Money firder. POSTPONEMENT IMPOSSIBLE UNDER THIS PLAN. dee in eodlm. the ■J^EMOVAL. I have removed from my old stand in'; ship] ley hired to N. \V. COR. THIRD ASM RLE Y HIS., M'ltc ro, \vit!i im iPRscul facilities, I shall be bettor prepared to supply tho w ants of my customer* with STOVES, HEATER RANGES A.nR house furnishing goods f ;onernlly. Being thankful for past favors I tope by persmml MO-ntiwu lobiibiuess tocottg vour imlronaKe. R. MOKKI80N. ivo ft share of tii HATS AND CAES. Vl B K A \ T II K tl A. T TKR. and TvTo. . > I i I I K 1 STREET AST K ex* Wilmington, Delaware. muT72tl dir* and W. A. REYNOLD?, CLASSICAL AND MATHEMATICAL TaSTGTriTTTTTE A DAY AND BOARDING SCHOOL, WILMINGTON, DEL. car Bovor's Hoof Liniment' After 30 years of practical experience with horses, in staging-, teaming, Ac., I havo learn ed Huit more horses have been crippled by inattention to the foot than all other diseases combined. After many exiieriments I have r.imul the true remedy to PREVENT tho dis enae of tue noof, or restore it after negligence, :o wnat nature intended it should be— the peal support of the noble animal. If the hoof is inflamed und diseased, the animal is compara lively worthless. This Liniment will surely prevent this worst of all diseases, Contraction, Corns, Quarter, Cracks, Contraction of the Hack Sinew generally called Knee Sprang, Ac., and restore those that have been crippled by the want of such a remedy. 4®"Try it, ami it will never fail if properly applied, vu. Bathe the horse's foot once a week, or often er if necessary, at the Reel anil frog, and around the Jioof close, to the lialr. M. C. BOYER, Norristown, I*a. ■-M it. M. C. Boyer—D ear Sir : This is to cer tify that I have used your Liniment iu my Stuhle lor three mouths past, on more than c:*.c hundred horses, and Und it the host pre parution l have ever used on horses, it is far better than yon recommend it. Send me five cases at ou ce, by express, C. O. D. 11ARRY HAMILTON. No. lîfâ West list street New York City. may |hnve well York Md. ItlaoUHinithiiig-. Second Si Madison Streets, All kinds of Blarkt-initbinff' doue in the best manner anil at moderate rites, , H orse S li o é i n g A specialty, which will be done in a manner umurpKSHe.i by any shop in the city. Ihe public nov27-2tn DEL. Post inv ited to give me a call. GEO. F. HOLMES ly ■WS? Fnr the Gasrtt*. H4IVT HAY. Tke »estival or the AwriraM_ «U ».ngllah Customs—The Freswut l nail Ion—Valentine Parti?». An old story relates how an. old cuian, t ending from a newspaper that 300,000 extra letters had passed through the London post-office on Ht. Valentine's Day, proceeded to reckon into pounds and shillings the amount of money spent foolishly fen- stamps on that day. *Oh, no! pàpa.'' interrupted tiis daughter, "you must not calculate that why, you must consider that to be the number of Persons in love with each other." i he young lady was right, for in her time it was the day of all the days in the rear tor lovers, and many a swain, iin bsed with the tender passion, has wait ed impatiently for the Uth of February, as a Atting time to reveal his love. Judging of the character of St. Valen tine, from the customs of his day, a per L would imagine him to have been one whose sole delight was to unite lovers In the bonds of matrimony, one who was the companion of Cupid and Ilia pat of poets. But no; firnu history we find that St. Valentine w® a priest of Rome dtiriug part of the reign of the Emperor \ ulinerius. Devoutly he followed his holy calling, and for his religion's sa suffered martyrdom by being belli nd. _ about the year 200, and was buried in the church.of Saint Praxedes. It appears that the peculiar customs hieb are associated with the day ap propriated to him in the calendar, hap pen so merely )iy a coincidence, and the most probable version of the story is follows; The ancient Romans observed a festi val Called the Lnpercalia, which was given in honor of Pan and Juno, and occupied several days in the middle of the month of February, Among the ceremonies of this festival the liaises of he young women were placed in a box, from which they were drawn by the loung men, who thus had partners for he various games. The early Christian teachers, desiring to destroy as fur as possible all remains of the Pagan cere monies. or by changing the form to suit them to the new religion, substituted the names of the Maints to be drawn from the box, and aa St. Valentine's was the nearest church day to the Festival, it was chosen as the time for celebrating the new feast. But it is almost impos sible to do away with any old custom to which the masses of the people have been accustomed, and in this instance the young people still continue as before, with the addition of calling theonewlio 3 e name they had drawn their valentine. A pleasing old liegend is that which gives as a reason for the origin of the custom, that the birds on this day choose their mates ; and Chaucer, in one of his poeuiB, thus imagines Nature to address the birds: gen ii a I on ke ed n as "Foules, take heed of mv senteooe, I prav. And for your ovrn oase, In fordrlng of vom need. < fast as I mav sfieak, 1 will me sjieak. Ye kuow well how on St. Valentin«', day, y my statute and through mv goveniaquce Ve do choose your mat«!, and alter Me awav With them, a» 1 move you with pleasauijcf And the Britieh Apollo, a misrvllany inblished long ago. eontuined the fol owing question and answer : "Why Valentine's n itav to cbooae A mistress, and our freedom lose ? May I my reason interpose ; The question with an answer close I To imitate we liavo a miml, And couple like the winged kind." Formerly, in England, the gentleman who was uliosen by a lady to be her Val entine was expected to present her with a gift, and also to give one to the lady be had chosen. From tho diary of the quaint and economical Samuel Pepys, that interesting chronicle of the man ners and customs of his times, we find examples of this and other customs. On St. Valentine's day, in 1067, he says: "This morning, came up to my wife's bedside little Will Mercer to be her valentine, and brought lier name written on blue paper in gold letters, done Ly himself, very pretty; and we were both well pleased by it. But I am also this year to bo my wife's valentine, which will cost me five pounds; Lut that I must have laid out valentines." A few days afterward he said: "I find that Mrs. Pierce's littlo gil l is my valentine, she having drawn me; which I was not sorry for, it having eased me of something more that I must have given to others. But hero I first observe the fashion of drawing mottoes as well as of names. So that Pierce who drew my wife did also draw a motto, and this girl did also draw one for me. What mine was I forget, but my wife's was, "Most courteous and most fair." One wonder I observed to-day, that there was no rnusick in the morning to call up new married people, which is very mean, methinks." We find here several cus toms, and in another year he mentions a different one, which was that the first guntieman who called at the house of a lady on St. Valentine's day was her val entine, and he says: "I did this day purposely shun fo he seen at SirW. Bat tens, because I would not have his daughter to be mv valentine, as she was last year, there being no great friend ship between us now, as formerly.'' The following extract from a letter written by a girl of the period and pub lished in the " Connoisseur/' in the 17th century, shows superstitions closely re sembling those associated With Hallow 'Een. " Last Friday was St. Valentine's day. and the night before I got five hay leaves and pinned four of them to the four corners of my pillow and the fifth to the middle, and then if I dreamt of my sweetheart, Betty said we should be married befere the year was out. But to make it more sure, I boiled an egc hard and took out tho yolk and filled i>; with salt, and when I went to bed ate it, shell and all, without speaking or drink ing afterward. We also wrote qua' lovers' names on bits of paper and rolled them in clay and put them in water, and the first to rise up was to be our valentine. Would you think it; Mr. Blossom was our man. I lay abed all the morning with my eyes shut, till be came to our bouse; for I would not have seen anoth er man before him for all the world." The presents given by gentlemen to their valentines were often quite costly, for we hear of the Duke of York being Mrs. Stuart's valentine, presenting her with a jewel of the value of -£$00. Be fore the custom of giving presents came into fashion, lovers would send ladios a copy of original verses. The earliest collection of theso poetical val entines were written by Charles, Duke of Orleans, who was taken prisoner at the battle of Aginconrt, in 1415, and con fined in the tower of London. Among the many effusions of this kind that we As we not been is their find in ancient volumes, we select the tollowinjf, wherein the swain, after re uiunion; his unstrese of the legend re "*« .cnoioe nude on this day by the Usds of the air, inquires of her : "Shall only yon and I forbear To meet ami make a liaupv pair? »hall we alone delay to live? Thi« day an age of fdtaB may giro. ■ 1 Rut, ah ! when I the proffer make, Still coyly you refus» to take, My haart 1 dedicate in vain, 1 he too mean presence you disdain. let, since the solemn time allows 1 o choose the object of our vows, Boldlv I dare proies» my flame, 1 rood to he yours bv any name." In the beginning of the 18th century mottoes and verses had again coinmene i *° j 1 ' 10 Die place of presents of jew •" kn " money, but it is a comparatively short time since the present fashion of sending printed valentines began. But although the custom of sending valen tines is still kept up/and large numbers are sent every year, necessitating addi tional letter-oarriers at the post-offices in the large cities, yet the day has lost its charm. People do not feel the same superstitous interest that was felt in former tunes, and lovers do not look for ward to it as a day on which to breathe the tender passion. Although Cupid still hovers o'er the scene, and the hearts are portrayed, pierced with his darts, yet he has lo»t his old prestige, and jolly-faced Mourns has stepped in. More valentines are now sent tor fun than for love. They are sent and ceived by all classes of people, and sold at all prices ranging from one cent eighty dollars. A cartoon In "Piinrh," represents two house-maids waiting in the hall, on the morning of 8t. Valentine's day, until the master of the house opens the mail box in the breakfast room, and one remarks "That it is very hunplea sant to 'ave one's letters hoverlooked, hespeoially hat this season hot the year." A great deal of taste is often shown in getting up elegnnt valentines, and improvements in this respect are seen every' year. The high priced valen tines are marvels of ornamental skill, and first elass artists are employed iu making new designs. Those with feather ornaments are very pretty, and making of theso ornaments has be come a regular occupation of the nuns jn some convents in Brazil. They are made from the brilliant plumage of the birds of the Brazilian forests. A very appropriate design represents a beautiful bower, surrounded by flow ers, and closed by folding doors. In a verse above the sender says that be hind the doors his valentine may he seen, and the receiver throwing back the doors, reveals a mirror, in which her own image is reflected. Valentines arc now often made in the shape of boxes, so that presents may be placed in them and sent to friends. Small articles, such as funs, gloves, haudker Chiefs and jewelry, are often sent as presents in this manner, thns reviving one of the old customs of the day. Valentine parties are now in vogue, ami afford a very pleasant and agrees hie manner of ipeuding an evening at this time of the year. There are sev end methods of conducting these par ties, and the one that is the least trou ble and generally the most successful is for the host or hostess to prepare a lot of envelopes. Keep the ladies' gentlemen's apart. The name of < one of the invited guests is then placed on one or more of them, and when the party have assembled each one must read wliat they have received. An other way is for tho guests to receive lists of those invited and to send be forehand valentines for those they wish to receive them, the host liaviug some in reserve in case some guests are missed. 8t. Valentine's day would he a very appropriate time, for those in affluent circumstances, to send useful gifts to their less fortunate neighbors, and the day would thus grow into one of char ity, and the memory of the old Saint would ever he surroundedwith pleasant memories. *»* I I to and each The New ënulish Liberal Lead er.—T he Right Hon. Bpencer Comp ton Cavendish, Marquis of Hurringtou. who succeeds Mr. Gladstone of the British liberal, is the elder son of the Duke of Devonshire. He was horn July 23, 1833, wns educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he was graduated B. A. in 18.14 The Marquis entered public life in Afarch, 1857, when he was elected in the lib eral interests as one of the members of the House of Commons for North Lancashire. Palmerston being premier, he was ap pointed a lord of the admiralty, and iu April of the same year under secre tary for war. On the reconstruction Lord Russell's second administra tion in February, 1866, the Marquis of Harrington became secretary of war, and retired with his colleagues in July of that year, the Earl of Derby suc ceeding as premier. He was again a candidate in North Lancashire at the general elections of 1868, hut owing to the rivalry of the house of Stanley he was defeated by 385 votes. He subsequently elected to represent the borough of Radnor, and became postmaster general in Mr. Gladstone's ministry. Later he was appointed secretary for Ireland, and held that position until Mr. Gladstone resigned. He is unmarried, and is generally un derstood that he might have been the husband of the Princess Louise, but lie wns unwilling to impair his politi cal prospects by that alliance. He has displayed moderate ability in official capacities and a fair degree of aptitude for parliamentary business. His views arc understood to be conservative, and he has sustained the leading lib eral measures rather as an act of par ty discipline than from choice. Three of the parties connected with the recent robbery of bonds from Ad ams' Express Company have been ar rested. as leader In March, 1863, Lord of w aa General Sheridan returned to New Orleans yesterday.