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The Daily Gazette.
1 k )l LXXXV -NO 281 WILMINGTON. DEL. THURSDAY; MAY" 10, 1877. PRICE ONITCENT HUNTS f t st. HUNTS u town, Terms il. UALLETT Ji r ow ** A'i'h' 1 f i ' ee - d .Maine. i ' MU Iw.pkto Avents. *10 (Flint FREE. A U. VICKEKV. »■ * _ af h0,n St anil term Mil« »ted. Out TU UK «St cO., Au Aid nt« s fr* trine Mluil Cards. With iWpaid. I.. JON Khi Daine. 10",.' '' 1 Kart»». *• _—— at home. Hample« •5 free. Stinson & ma 20 - 2 tawlm. «s? orce pace a co. 7. kdobb si., SAiiaoa, w. Mnlionar.v l.nilnM u-i.i,, circular Haw Mill*. hînlfV Muley A ««*!• MU»«. . oil A »'lour M1U«, Water >Wh"l«. Shi"*«®- Hurrel A »„„„«Iworking Machinery, jTanllc Emery Whe,l*»'.n.l JJ», Hill Supplie*. Ae.. A-r. »CATALOG CE A 1'KIUA 2 a ke.r \y name R^rru. tiretu Brook, loi., J.v. ;re, Thu •h-at »• WSPAPER adverising ttI y mth Edition. Ide list of all the towns ,•>, tlie Territories, and uunion of C.toa lii. having a popdla MH-r Ilian '«'I' 11 ? to the last Ktogetlior with the mutes of the having Lite largest local c Ire li med. A Iso.a tome of newspapers which are recom SlioaUertiwrs giving greatest value H prices charged. Also, all th,* Unite«! Slates and Cana copies each issue.— Tithe Religious, agricultural, 8cl injMechanical, Medical. Masonic, e Kitucjitionul, Commercial, Ili ft Real Estate Law Sporting, Mu lists. Together with a Mp list of over 300 German papers J5inth«*rnlt«sl States. Also,an essay iidvert'King; many tables of rates, ring the cost of iclvertising in various vthlng which a begin iulil like to know. Wllwi'l" '< ! Unite« I 8ti «AP 01 5porti°ii .In her special class jour .lev in alvcri ism»« GEO. I*. ROWELL A CO., li Park Row, New York. MOST XTHAORDINARY TERMS OF ADVERTISING Offered for Xewsjiapers in the State of DELAWARE. and schedule of KO. P. ROWELL. A Co., its, No. 41 Park Row N. Y. * to Dh/or of this Paper. apl7-d4w sdfor list of pape m, Address roBY of Tit k Public Moneys IBST.NATIONAL BANK OF WILMINGTON. AND CSAKIAL AGENTS OF THE UNI TED STATES. ID HARD BETTS, PRESIDENT. GEO. I). ARMSTRONG, Cashier. 8500,000. •id up I apit ft], ijifclüpbia and New York Exchaifge fur ihwitoxegular Depositors without charge. «lays, Mondays and Thursdays, 10 A.M. DIRECTORS, uyth, lit R. 8 (»«•orge W. Bush, I Eli Garrett, b, Ham'l Bancroft, Jr., ! William Tatnall, mar28 !• 'I E« I waul Betts. IEARTIZAN8 SAVING» BANK. *>2 MARKET STREET, IXCORPOK.1 Open to r^oci l nmiUi*. M Janua; ' 23D, 18bl. li*posits daily from 9 A M on Tuesday aud Sat an 7 to 8 o'clock. SEMI-ANNUAL DIVIDEND, toper com., nas i>een regularly paid on t-»-, since the organization of the Bank, with the expectation of the Managers, ■finis niteof dividends will be continued. When dividends «»Mounted »*d«*ii compound revelling«* f * not withdrawn, they »'«its. Tiiuspermanent, their interest twice in J'tar. MANAGERS. f*® B. Smyth, ft 1 ". Howland ilkan'l K. Bui "[y/.liure, Btonsenborg. Field, George W. Bush, George N. Capelle, M. L. Meilenstein, Edward Darlington, Job H.Jackson, , . Wm. H. Swift, Anthony Higgins. I 0EO s BUSH, President, fri. , t , ILLLE.Vice President. - ' lv L. T. TAYLOR. Treasurer. WE SEW CASTLE COUNTY' mutual Ins;: ranee Company, X0. 602 MARKET STREET, JJ.St7fA,s JGAIXSl FIRE AXD ALU OTHER BUILD JNGS, «ITH THEIR CONTENTS, P-nods of time *®tas tu a ter »s, „ , managers. I William Canby, ««I» C Mar!« V 1 ', 0 ' Biehurdsou. CI», te u ' I John Jones El *ànl Rh,?« a "' 1 ' I Çlement B. Smyth, ti. 5"; James Riddle, MiouRiiw, 11 '' A - 1 • Shannon, u[ o.iRichardson, | George H. Bates, M. M. Cleaver. tor varying from three years. SAM'L ^U A J XALL > President, o ».MtrH.Sec'v. feblO the HISS HOUSTONS' m ^Om.NCF.S AT 900 DELAWARE AVENUE, ,SEFi EMBER TISTfi. tos ihureugh educators «« n spirit kind, in mind, manners *16 be none sur .*t ll i° Krcatest justice tl! <. To tear , o ,,U| " ,S intrusted to tbeir "''kt JoùnÂ^Ù 0 ' 1 ?«' 0 'hink, to drav, 111 ot on. and ,0 ,P»ur instruction Mioaà.viuî ' mt0 "»"«her with facility an r' 1 *! U8B,ul and delightful is a ht of fins is toe method and cherac rt taij «»'lies. Their prospects ktnited m.l «ir ur "® mg ' as their number „, h L ln K «P. Tbass who wish HtttJsn Th.,: ,H' r 'nstrucinn should ap '«!, di,,. 1 .?! '"»«'on 13 healthy and oonve *P»il th. 5.. he . oar ruute - '-The . of the city in any un Jth OU d * te f m » Qd vet ont at WÄÄr tbe Är Wm. O'CONNOR, M erc hakt Tailor HAS REMOVED STo 2. West Third Street, (One door from Market.) TA nd has laid na 3plen<lid Assortment Cloths, Cassimeres and Vestings FOR >Pftl*<L AXJI NITMKEK, 'Vhlch he times. r ill make up at prices to>ui. Pmitf* h .«ijiM'lalt). «bist! tst&tc/uint cl/ae/dj ô C (s atf 3(/ 'ytt/menafon, r/7 tm/iöon, A flue assortment of foreign and domes tic piece goods. »7-N one but first-class workmen loyed. em feb377dly 0 UBE t< , THE| M HATTER P o 2 East Tiiird Street, Wilmiiiilnn. »el Earthenware Manufactory COR. OF ORANGE & WATER STS., WILMINGTON, DEL. 1 keep constantly on hand a full assort ment of CROCKERY WARE, modern the best manner, and sold at prices to suit the times. Also Yard Vases, Hanging Va ses .Gardeners' and Green House Pots. AU articles in my line made to order at «hört notice. GEORGE ZEIGLER. uovtt-6ra Fash:onahle_Furniture I J. & J. N- HARMAN, •No 410 King Street, .WILMINGTON, DEL. ,*-<*«* We respectfully inform the citL rolls of Wilmington, and the sur£ rounding country that we conti nqe to manufacture and keep on hand at our large and long established waie rooms, Furniture of every variety an* style, consisting of Mahogany, Rosewood and Walnut Furniture suitable for parlor, diuning-room and chamber uses. Our assortment of Furniture is larger and more varied Ilian can he found in Delaware, and all articles sold at our establishment are warrant«*«! as represented. Venitian Blinds of the most fashionable designs made to order and kept constantly on hand. We also manufacture and stantl v keep a large assortment ot Spring H,dr,'Moss und Husk AN> 410 King street, Wilmington. RELIABLE Vegetable, Garden and Field SEEDS W E keep a full supply of the very best Vegetable, Garden and F ield seeds, 'eluding DREER'S CELEBRATED garden shed to which we invite the attention of our friends and the public generally. W e also have In store a general assortment of other SEEI) of the best quality. Those wishing a pure article should give us a call, SMITH & BREEN, N E. Corner of Fourth aud Shipley Sts. Wilmington, Del. maW-d-in. KLAWARF krJMARKETSTREET, D ABOVE THIRD, WILMINGTON,, DEL The cheapest place In the city to buy your CARPETS. OIL CLOTHS MATTINGS and window shades Henry Grcebo 301) MARKET.ST. B —Rag Carpet woven to order at hortest notice aud lowest mai ktt lat.s, _ N. WILLIAM R. LONG, No. 311 E. Eighth St., Wilmington. manufacturer of Fine French Confections. Alt goods warranted free from injurious au or fia vor». TA ao cÏrAMEF* A .SPECIALTY aria-iu mEETH PGR ALL TH BEAUTIFUL teeth at gOTftj PEOPLE. $:l, S3, S« an«*!*™ PER SET * _ .. OT tracted without pain by the use Teeth extra «ears experience, of gas. Over tlilny A £lAGHER, g« u 1 opposite Clayton a v -1 ap25 ly e 8 |ggj T> — c: ISlrvhj cs c/> mBODgpg[p\Wf No - 4 Buifinch Street Bos on, (OPPOSITE REVERE HOUSE.) THE SCIENCE OF LIFE; OR, SELF PRESERVATION. MORE .THAN 1,000,000 COPIES SOLD. Gold Medal Awarded to the Author by the "National Medical Association '' March 31st, 187G. J UST published by the PEABODY MED I CAL INSTITUTE, a new edition oi the celeb»*uted medical work entitled the "SCIENCE Ou LIFE, or SELF-PRES ERVATION." It treats of Manhood, how lost, how regained and how perpetuated; Cause and cure of exhausted vitality, im potency and premature decline in man. spermatorrhrpa or seminel losses (noctur nal and diurnal) nervous and Physical debility, hypochondria, gloomy forebod ings, mental depression, loss of energy, haggard countenance, confusion of mind and loss of memory, impure state of the blood, and all diseases arising from the errors of youth or the indiscretions cesses of mature years. It tells you all about the morale of gen eratlve physiology, the physiology of mar riage, of wedlock and offspring, physical contrasts, true morality, empiricism per version of marriage, conjugal precept and friendly counsel, physical infirmity, its , relat ion between the sexes, pi oofs of the expansion of vice, the mis eries of imprudence, ancient ignorance and errors, means of cure, cure of laxly and mind. True principles of treatment, ad dress to patients and invalid readers, the author's principles . The price of this book is only 81.00. THIS BOOK ALSO CONTAINS MORE THAN FIFTY PRESCRIPTIONS FOR THE ABOVE NAMED AND OTHER DISEASES, MORE THAN THE PRICE OF THE BOOK. causes and c EACH one worth Also another valuable medical work treating exclusively on MENTAL AND NERVOUS DISEASES; more than 200 royal Octavo pages, twenty elegant en gravings, bound in substantial muslin. Price only 82.00, barely enough to pay for printing. The book for young and middle-aged men to read Just now, is the "Science of Life, or Self-Preservation. The author has return ed lrom Europe in excellent health, and is again the chief consulting physician of the Peabody Medical Institute, No.4, Bullfinch «troet. Boston, Mass.— Republican Journal. ' The Science of Life is beyond all compari son the most extraordinary' work on Phyei ologgy ever published —Boston Herald , Hope nestled in the bottom of Pandora's box, aud hope plumes lier wings anew, since the issuing of these valuable works, published by the Peabody Medical insti tute which are teaching thousands how to avoid the maladies that sap the citadel oi 1 i fe .—Philadelphia Inquirer. I û should be read by the young, the m Ul ule aged and even the old— N. Y. Tribune. The first and only medal ever conferred upon any medical man in this country as a recognition of skill and professional ser vices, was presented to the author of these works, March 31st, 187tf. The presentation was noticed at the time of Its occurrence by the Boston press, and the leading Journals throughout the country. Tills magnifi cent medal is of solid gold, set with more than one hundred India diamonds of brilliancy. Altogether in its execution, and the rich ss of its materials and size, this is de cidedly the most noticeable medal struck in this country for any purple what ever. It is well worth the inspection oi It was fairly won ; ;er mismatlsts, •thily bestowed .—Massachusetts Plough man. June 3 d, 1870. «'"Catalogues sent on receipt of 6c, for postage. Either of the above works sent by mat! on receipt, of price. Address l'EABODY MEDICAL INSTITUTE, (or W. H. PAR KER, M. D.. Consulting Physician,) No. 4 Bullfinch street, Boston, Muss.,opp. Revere House. N. B.—The author consulted on the above named diseases, as well as all diseases re quiring skill, secrecy and experience. Office hours, 9 a. m. to 6 p. m. June 29 1876. TuThd8-&wly N Enterprise Coal. AVE just received a cargo of this cel _ebrated coal fresh from the mine, which I oiler at the following LOW PRICES FOR CASH: Broken and Egg, 84.75; Stove and Small Stove, £4.75, and Nut, S4,50 per ton. FRANK D. CLAYTON» Orange and Waterstrees. (S uoccssor to Joseph Fout,) mar 11 iy. Dolmans! Dolmans 1! A Mpleiiriid lot of Ladies Dolmans. Black Silk! Black Silk! 81 «0 A YARD 1 12 A YARD 1 25 A YARD Ladies and Misses Suits from $2.00 up. Latest Style of Silk Dress Complete at $20 00. Black gros grain Silk Dress ready for use for $25.00 M. L. LICHTENSTEIN, 226 Market Street, WILMINGTON. EL A WAKE STATE MUTUAL Fire Insurance Company. Office No. 4M Market Street, Wilmington, Del. RISKS TAKEN AT THE LOWEST RATES OFFICERS W»r. Brio ht, President, Dr Jas. R. Tantum, Vice President. D. T. HAWKINS Sec'y. janl2-3m M. M. GOOD SILK SUPKRBSILK SUPERIOR SILK I) CHILD, Trnas. The Eastern Question. THU CUEHEXT AXD THE CROSS. HOW THft WAR WILL AFFKOT TUB UNITED STATES. Tlio London newspapers who take suies with Turkey in the! Er «tern ques tion aæ eloquent in denunciation of the ambition, the perfidy and the land hun ger of the Czar. England, they say, is the most magnanimous and forbearing of nations. She wants no provinces, no territory, not an acre nor a stone. All she cares about is that Europe shall be "independent," that the Turks shall be "free," and that the amUtion of the tei* rible Czar shall be repressed, This is another of the illusions With which the English newspapfers anj orators amuse the world. It is like her claim of im. perial "influence." Let us compare the history of the Russian and English em pires since the accession of P«*ter the Great, not quite two centuries ago. Since that time the Russian Empire has grown from 2,080,000 square miles to „8,444,766, and from 10,000,000 population to more than 8.1,000,000. steady growth of an empire of civiliza tion over barbarous nations like those in This represents the Central Asia or semi-barbarous anarchies like old Poland. In this period of time England has grown to bp a much larger empire than Russia, witjh three million square miles in America, one million in Africa, a million in Asia, and more than two millions «and a half in Australasia. The colonial possessions of Great Britian, which have been gather few centuries, are almost as large as the whole Russian Empire. It is charged against Russia that since the time of Peter she hr« been robbing her neighbors, encroaching on a'l sides. Thus she attacked Sweden and robbed her of Finland. She attacked Persia and took some of the Shah'i|t most important provinces. In 1792 she carried away a great slice of Poland. $lie attacked Tur key and robbed her, She made war upon Khiva and deprived the Khan of 1 "h possessions, and npw she wants the Danube «and the Bosphorous. This is the record against Russia, and we do not question it. But what has England been doing all this time ? Rnglanu has rob bed France and Spain and Holland in Europe; China, Burmah and India in Asia, not to speak of A meric »and Afri Within the last century, says one Eng 1; 8h authority, "England has for every square league of territory annexed to Russia, by force, violence or fraud, appropriated to herself three." This is not our charge, |but that of a famous English statesman, which we quote for the purpose of showing our English friends that when tluuy howl over the misdeeds of the Czar in land stealing they forget their own. So far as the land stealing morality! of the two nations is concerned it is Robert Macaire reprov ing Jack Sheppard. If it is said th.at England has onjy robbed other countries of their provinces for the purpose of civ ilizing the people the same may be said of Russia. England has gone into other continents and across the seas to take colonies in a spirit of adventure. Rus sia has taken hers on her own borders, «aud often for self-protection. The na tions who have come under the Russian blessed by the change. If India aud Ceylon and Mauritius are hap pier because England rules them now, so most assuredly are the serfs of Poland and the savages of t^ie Caucasus under the Czar. If there is one nation in Europe which came as a conquering armv, which hr*• despised civilization, which knows and respect no authority Ipit the sword,whose civil poliev is aggressive, and whose re ligion is lust and superstition, it is that Ottmar Power which many ruling minds in England would perpetuate even «atthe expense of a bloody war. The Turks have no sympathy with us either in race or religion. They came int» Europe and took Constantinople lu the middle of the fifteenth century. They were T«art«ais from Asia. By the sheer force of arms the Turk captured tike most renowned and aucient, Empire home of the Greek aud the Egyptian and the Carthaginian. He ruled in Athens and Jerusalem—the city of light and the city of religion. He menaced Vienna. Wherever he ruled he blighted and destroyed. Tkö history of his ad vance is the history of civilization over thrown, industry paralyzed, laws violas ted, temples cast down, art effaced. He lias never changed. A warrior at the outset he has striven to engraft his war like Empire upon the fair bosom of Christian Europe. The Turks have no arts, no science. Cdmutries which, ages before America wa,s known, were the homes of a delicate and refined civiliza liave fallen under Turkish rule into de cay. The story of their Empire is a scandal. Not many years have passed since they engaged in a fierce war with the Georgians, "in consequence," says the historian, "of the Georgians having refused to continue to supply Turkish harems with a customaiy annual tribute of the handsomest!of their daughters, ottering, however, at the same time, in lieu, a yearly contribution in money." In European Turkey the Ottomans «are in the minority. Out of «a population of more than eight millions, excluding the tributary States, we learn from "The Statesman's Year Book" that only a mil lion are Ottomans, The rem.ainder «are Greeks, Slavonians, Armenians aud Albanians. These ifaces are all now, and have been ever since the Turkish advent, subject to the Turk, who has reinforced himself from Asia when repression and massacre were necessary. We not, only, therefore, have an empire of abomina tion like Turkey sits tamed in Europe, but we have its sustained as a ruling Power over millions of Christians. And for what? Simply because England fears that her communications with I ndia may be endangered. In other words England lias by conventions and coalitions aud wars built up an empire winch she can not defend. She asks Europe to defend it by sustaining tile wretched Turkish Empire «as a barrier to Russia. This at least is the argument which swayed England into a wav twenty-three years ago. It is the argument, we hear in many high quarters in England now. But we do not believe that the great, honest, Christian heart of England will respond to it. The men who want to pport Turkey and to continue the fear ful government which now devastates some of the fairest scenes on the earth are the stockjobbers who own Turkish bonds, and army contractors, who look upon war as a blessing, «and that trucu lent, selfish spirit which we find in all ed in the last ca. rule have been of the world—the su countries, and which cares for no right and for no duty that does not materially aid their own interests. So far as this is a struggle between the Crescent and the Cross, between the Russian and the Turk, our whole heart goes out to Russia. We pray that victory may rest upon the banners of the Czar, that he will not pause until he reaches the Bosphorus. We hone he will take Constantinople,and that if it pleases him he will keep it. Constantinople will be a much more useful capital in the hands of a Christian monarch like Alexander thau in those of the master of the harem. Let Russia do her work well. Since she lias gone into the war let her not pause until the Turk has been driven over to Asia, where he belongs. Let those pro vinces be ruled by Christian men. Give Austria her share, for Austria is a wise, great Power who will rule w r ith wisdom. Give Candia, Thessaly and Epirus to Greece, where they belong. Let the Slavonic States have a Slavonic ruler like the Prince of Montenegro, and if England is anxious about tue road to ndia let her take Egypt. She will find that her Empire will oe as strong with Russia on the Bosphorus as now with the England feared that if the Suez Canal were built it would crip ple her commerce and keep her out of Asia. She finds she was mistaken. She will find a similar mistake when this war is over. Her rulers would be wise if they gave themselves some right to share in the victory of the Czar by shar ing with him the hazards of a campaign which commends itself to the admiration and the sympathy of the Christian world. ruthless Turk. Newark, Del., April 1877. To the Editor of the V. S. Economist: Dear Sii<;-In your issue of the 7tli inst., I find the following; "The New England Glass Co., of East Cambridge, Mass., one of the largest in New England have voted to wind up the business being un able to compete with Southern and West^ era concerns; about 200 men will be left unemployed, man Samuel Harris, who, in your paper of February 3, 1877, in speaking" of the Southern portion of our country, said;— "Her (the South) dependence upon dis tant markets for almost every necessary comtort, convenience and supply of life not extracted from the soil in the shape of raw material was complete, universal, helpless and disgraceful. This includes the Diamond Stale. Her merchants could not stir in their business; her planters could not enter upon the routine of agri cultural work; her laborers could scarcely put food in their mouths; her women could not even arrange their hair without testifying to the humiliating dependence . 9 In reply to the above quotation, at that time through your columns I said that so far as it applied to the Diamond State it was false in every lespect, and defied its author to produce his proofs to substan tiate his assertions. At the same time 1 said that if the author of the above quota tion had any knowledge of the facts when he referred to the Diamond State, he know lie was stating that which was false; if he did know it he was a knave, and if he did not know it he was a fool: Now at ths time I made the reply to his quotation I only did so as far as the Dia mond State was concerned. I now am going to bring some proof that my lan guage toward him was true, even in re gard to the South, and as evidence of the fact 1 refer you to the action ol the New England Glass Compony/of East Cam bridge. Mass. Now wliat will become of such blatant Y"ankee protectionists ps S. amuel Harris? I do expect that in your next number he will be out in a two column article in favor of Congress pass ing a law that because the Southern glass manufacturers can undersell the New England glass manufacturers that some protection should be offered to the latter against the former, that the products of the Southern glass manufacturers should be made to pay into the treasury of the United States 50 per cent, upon their productions so that the New England manufacturers will be able to compete with this semi barbarous people of the Southern States, and that these 200 in telligent New England citizens shall be put back to work at the expense of the consumers of the New England manu factured articles, just the same as any Southerner now does who wears any of that stuff represented to bo cassimere, manufactured at Catskill out of cotton, old rags, jute and every other conceivable textile fibre except what it is represented to be—wool—which I have been given to understand never is allowed to get into the goods except by mistake; at least a citizen of Philadelphia told me so, and from my knowledge of the man have no reason to dispute what he told me. There is one consolation, our Southern people have learned to know the dillerence be tween good goods and inferior articles, aud the name "Harris" in connection w3th c«assiweres at one time in our coun try was all that was required of them. This was in reference to goods made by Edward Harris, but they have learned that the goods that have been in our mar kets of late called Harris cassimeres are a bogus article, and our people cannot be induced to look at such trash as we now find under this title, let alone to purchase them. We are not at this time the vas sals of New England that such men as your correspondent wouldtryt# make us out tobe, although wedobappentolivesouth Mason & Dixon's line. We have both brains and muscle, and can and do know how to use them for our own interest, and «as we have shut up one of the great est'New England enterprises by fair, hon orable competition, shall continue to do so one by one until we expect the real men who produce the wealth of our country, the laboring class, will all be emigrating to our Southern States, and leave such men as your Catskill corres pondent theri to starve, and in their last dying gasp will be heard to say it is all for want of l*-r-o-t-e-c-t-i-o-n. Respectfully, What has become of that Wm. Dean. The Triumph Truss is a marvel of mechanical ingenuity ami accdracyand hence if properly ;vlj ust ed will hold any Hernia in practice, when the Triumph Rupture Cure, wiil infallibly and speedily ■e it. These wonderful appliances sold at 1915 Chestnnt street, Philadelphia aud 334 Bowery, New Y'ork; where the Truss is warranted, and the Cure Guar anteed. Send 10 cents for Descriptive Book, to either office. tf. THF. nF LA KM PFÜSIOXERH. HOW THEY WILL REC'EIY .2 THEIR PEN SIONS AFTER THE CONSOLIDATION— A BRIEF SKETCH OF TFE DELAWARE AGENCY. By the recent consolidation of the Del aware, Maryland and New Jersey Pen sion Agencies with the agency of the District of Columbia, the quarterly payments to pensioners in all the above named State* will, after the 1st of June next, be made payable at Washington, llie payments for the quarter ending May 31st next will be payable at the spective pension agencies of the States named, and the Delaware pensioners will make their settlement at the usual office in this city. After the present quarter the Delaware agency will be consolidated as above stated, and the pensioners will have to make their usual affidavits before a Jus tice of the Peace in this State, aud send them, with their vouchers, to the Pen sion Agent at Washington, who will turn their checks by maij. The agent at Washington is David Naval pensioners, who have heretofore been receiving their pensions in Philadel phia, will also be required to apply to Washington after the present quarter, as the Naval Agency at Philadelphia has been transferred to Wilmington. In forwarding their first affidavits, the pensioners must lie particular to also for ward a certificate from the Clerk of the Peace of the county In whicli they make their affidavits, to the effect that the Je*, tiee of the Peace who qualifies them is a legally commissioned officer of the State. Otherwise their vouchers will not he rec ognized by the Pension Agent. After the first application the certificate from the Clerk of the Peace will not be re quired. However much the change may dis commode the pensioners, it will be a wind fall to the Squires, as between four an it five hundred pensioners in this city and vicinity will be required to make af fidavits quarterly. The fees from this source will amount to a considerablesum each year. re re nt . Cox. DELA. WARE AGENCY. The Delaware Pension Agency established in 1884, the first payment be ing made in September oftbat year. The office was at Dover, and the first agent wa6 H. X. Walker who was afterwards succeeded by David F. Burton. In March, 1869, the office was removed to Wilmington, as the bulk of the pen sioners resided in this city and vicinity and Prof. Edward D. Potter, of Xewark, was appointed Pension Agent. Professor Porter continued in charge of the office until 1875, when he was succeeded by the present incumbent, Mr. Daniel K. Burton, of Sussex county. During its existence in this city the office ha* been established in the second story front room of Xo. 510 Market street. Previous to the removal of the office to Wilmington the affidavits of pension ers here were taken, and their claims at tended to by Wm. B. Wiegins, Esq., aud his clerk, Mr. James Moore. When Prof Porter took charge of the office he em ployed Mr. Moore as chief clerk, in which position the 1 latter has continued ct'er since. During the time he lias attended faithfully to the duties of liis position, never missing a single quarterly settle ment, and gaining the warm regard of all the pensioners by his strict attention to business, and his kindness ! u giving them, at all times, any information they desired. With the merging of the agen cies his present occupation ceases, and the regret of the pensioners at being put to additional trouble in obtaining their pensions will be greatly increased by the loss of his valuable aid and information on all matters tending to their welfare. In the Delaware Agency there are about 609 pensioners, of which number only 125 reside in Kent and Sussex coun ties. the remainder living in Xew Castle county, and principally in this city. was DiprHBitiA—The report of the State board of health Massachusetts shows that it has accomplished good practical Blate work, and in compari son with what similar organizations in other States are doing it is an ad mirable body. But it does not seem to come up to the standard required by the press of that State. The most important part of it, in the opinion of intelligent critics, is the result of local investigations into certain diseases. The year 1870 was marked in some cities and towos ot Massachusetts as well as other States by an extraordi nary prevalance of diptheria. It is a curious fact that the disease there was more than twice as prevalent in Octo ber as in any other month, notwith standing it was a month of 'dclightfi'1 weather while it rapidly disappeared during the damp, drizzly November. A very superficial and incidental treat ment is given to this important sub ject. The invest , gation into dipther a one of the most terrible of modern dis eases, is incomplete and unsatisfactory It is well known that some of the reste dies for diptheria are applied with al most unvarying success, while others have little effect upon the maiignant cases. The local reports of the ravaires of diptheria in various Massachusetts localities render it difficile to decide whether it arises from filth or not. It is important to collect the experience of all American towns on this matter, so as so known how to deal with a dis. ease which entails as much physical suffering as the plague. There seems to'be little Boubt that it presents in an eminent degree the characteristics of a contagious disease. Rov. Henry Ward Beecher is ''inter viewed" every day or two now oh the political situation, and each time he takes a more efieerful view of the out look. He said • to a reporter of the PhiladelphiaTiineson Monday: "With a retprn to specie payments, with the Southern question expunged from poli tics, with feawaltenipg industry, the future looks brighter than it has done for twenty-five years."