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ff / a»*/ a fn MiijJ •'.tj \h mwm in Mil! ■H^BirTiiliini ^SllllijHiiiiIiiliiii W! ♦ y XCVI-NO. 198 WILMINGTON, DEL., FRIDAY. DECEMBER 3. 1880. PRICE ONE CENT fceite. ÉDIT ION. fjil3 ST is not sick, (JABFIKW* t , yijesiiun of politician. Jucipsl tnslsJy, but all to get used to 0î ibi* I 1 ppo ,ill ° til tbiug* lute ration thus f r coiu of 21.4 per cent* rate Of ISfllUUi i • gai» .„.of 1879. At tins I i ec of tbe entire lation vt* tu be about 47,1)00, te returns, however, States (Eastern in the lb? P»l» ul VOkM P |U g .-otl.pl l lo«-growl ,, K lucre;» n»5 l9 bfliev.'d, Will be Hiiffi entlmate to 50, it Lfflltlie ab I « hat Itiu « will bn a n»*' There »■ pl«my and It oU'ion lltl E.irupe, they »ay No matter waj accumulating, not been w lb füperabuudauce „ hin« been »lack, a fb-tl»-r capital b iwwi"* 1. id lo come. I* bol Lw Luc "t Lui«'». «ili p it* soli ai ilia .Meseiii-K Houss, ,mutlitliis iveniug at O o* 1 «-' 1 Kl B.|> N! r* -elected U. B. Mein lire \\ at er Department -reiuft 1 •in Forrest is laid up Il h mu Hollings U.T K liVf at cr wheel in the oil i.i couiuiouciug to sj lifid <nly ouucil, N f 0, Jr O. U. A. ouucil of this city last agreeably eulenaiu il Hop ■) >ocial Club gives it* •veiling, will sooft be 1 ini .«-•m lias petitioned for >le-raph. pr.. v-rg U i heimj Concert take» lb;us« ibis eveuii.g. ». not öui*li up its business liVIYLL) AGAIN. M. E. Church, last , a i..:< rary Society that was revived by the iof the following officers : bt-JuM ph Gibson. tVl ni-Jolm II. Hazlett. tary-K A. Mitchell, to; secretary—Mary öpeak II arris. Mu. uers— M. T. Poole, ^ Findley, Mias Julia Joseph Money, Mrs. •' 1 ii*. ileiiry Slice, Mrs. Delaware Mason, M •$ to be known ns the 1 Mu-»« ill Society of the l. Muilay School. „ '■US I'Klt LAIN MENT. U'i: 1* nph's Musical and "* ! be First Prsbyterisn ** tiw r tirât nierlaimiietit ot .'»in the school I!» ir I iniuH wu." re present. I» U« d by a quartette 1 «* I in l inder, Miss. Robert Hulin •'ini "God is •<J all a»-, k, l«'tt 1 l.ii ai t «)! lowed by Ml! Mamie Elliott y. Mr. D. M. final tette sang s r 'an*! the entert ain •<i. Tl ■ "Good Night." WMVERSARY. I. O. O. F., cele " ,l, l> aiinivrsary Iasi I ' i| p"r in Unbinsoii's suemlsiicrt mim ns. Aft«r all liatl uuils, E. F. James, r of masts, which espondoj to. A mini ' were also made, y f lésant one and use present. I- file kfl'f, l> "Mill ; ■ly ' " 'I"! by tin ni" Hot * exchange» .. 1 ' *'» $10,500,000, tin *> « ver recorded in that fi\ . V"? y^fi-nlay of tlie I,;':;:,:'^" y Passenger ; [Mplua negatived a " ,l '«-'«) tlie fares to five " !<J " rtl| e last few (lays E. " b' lowaie river at Bor "bANKETH. kfcti.'.ard * Co., have a 1 (" N „nd Hr „ „g rins r re*» than they can buy nov24-eod. . ft day ""1 Ltrtr [jPortu iiy ... seid, Owner m ollered to 'in« enriched » and pri Mii fort.« of iy h, iti the Ninitne » In oil,.red to ■ A. p _ l*.»Vw V ,L y» or «âme per, a,'..i "'•.and secure a - (1( | l'Xtruonlinary Dls . r »/_ " 10 lAiulslaua Slate P«rHo, m | cart , an( , * • Beauregard Early ol Va., uov24-7t. *1* ques cvery one : N 'Uphlu, No, 819 ti '« of Jul„j viiiDir. SP'uuci'r ÄsVk 0 - °- F - U. A. M. toglOQ C,,n, I. O. O F* ' Tr >G No i *• x - u ' A. M ,0 ' 1 lmp. O. R. M. *A. THE SUPERIOR COURT ■ Ik UUI kill un UU Ull I I THE LIBEL SUIT ARGUMENT. UNDER MR. LORE OPENS FOR THE PLAIN TIFF—COL. WHITKLET TALKS LAW, A NI> MR. BATES PRESENTS THE DEFENDANT'S CASE. Specially reported U Nkw Castle, Dec. 2.—At the opening of Court, this morning, Charles lj. Lore, Esq., opened the argument for the plaintiff in the libel suit of the Delaware Stale Fire and Marine Insurance Company Wm. T. Croasdale. Mr. Lore said :— With submission to the Court Gentlemen of the Juuv :_I need not say to you that the case you are empanelled to try is one, perhaps, of as grave import brought before a jury of this county. It is grave aud far reaching for two reasous : It involves necessarily as one of the elements of it the and abuse of the public press, for it is apparent and it pervades this lire ease that this is either a proper use or it is a vile abuse of the press, I may say one of, if not the most, potent power now for the dissemi nation of news and for the formation of public opinion. That question necessarily springs out of the and is upon tbe surface, element is private interests. I say private interests I embrace in that private corporations as well as individuals, because u eorporatiou is just as much a person although an artificial person created by law as you and I are natural persons cre ated, not uot by act of the Legisla ture as a corportion but created by laws which the Creator Himself has stamped in the formation of our humanity. We are the offspring ef the law of (iod, natural persons, just as corporations are the offsprings of the law of man expressed through their Legislatures. Starting from that point you have before you the two parties iu tliis suit ; on tlie one hand tbe editor of a newspaper published iu the city ot Wilmiugtou, a newspaper circulated uot aloue within the limits of the city of Wilmington, not confined alone to the narrow boundaries of our own little State, which we lovs with so much inteosity and devotion, but scattered hr an! cast throughout tliis land, with a power co-cxtensivs with every line of railroad that penetrates from one portion of our land to the other. If it be venom i hat paper carries its venom all through this land of ours and poisons every channel with which it comes in contact ; if it be true it ought to scatter as free and as full as the rays of God's sun, which give the sun shine in all our clear days ; if it be slander it is vile and ii should re ceive the check of all honest men with that stern and exact justice which lays its hand upon the slan derer, upon the lioeler and stops tbe poison at its fountaiu. Such is the defendant in this case ; with just sueli power lurking behind the pen —either poison, or filled with a de sire lor public good. The plaiutiff in the case, the persons who came here and stand before you represeut ing tlie plaiutiff, organized as one of the institutions of your State seeking to do business, whether indifferently or not, composed of men of your community not only whoso means hut whose reputation, whether they be the labor» and accretions of years of toil, and labor in your midst, or hether they he the simple offspring of a few years. I say in that cor poration arc wrapped up not simply their means but tlie reputations of these men who have staked a por tion of their fortunes and their per sonal names with that corporation. Thus they stand before you ; for that editor represents every particle of power that press may have, this defendant having no other than their simple integrity of character aud their intention to do right in dealing between men, and who have no such power to back them. 1 liesc are the parlies aud they have come before you—this corporation ns plaintif! and editor as defendant—and for what to recover? Upon the charge of libel. I need not say to you wbat libel and slander is, for you know just as I. It is oue of those charges difficult to formulate in words. I was surprised to find looking among legal writers that it is a subject most difficult of comprehensive définition Tlie best I found was one in Addi clear, terse and vigorous Ihe (Jazkt * k. vt. as ever was use en case Another When son.—a writer. , , Addinon on U ron;/., when lie says •'A libel is any publication injurious to private character or to the credit of another." Von observe that li bel is publication, it is something written, it is soiuethiug that is em braced uot simply by words which liow from our mouths, but by some thing on paper printed, and living long alter you and I are in our „raves. We may moulder away but when your children's children and their grandchildren, arc upon the earth, if tl.ey happen to come across some old tile of lids paper— for that paper will endure for ages-if that be a slander it will live when our grandchildren are rotting in their graves i 'hat paper in public records, may show to some olil antiquary this record. Words uttered in the heat or pas sion aud hastily are never so dwelt upon as those wlnoh " 1 ", le . paper in the oalmnessof h ^ tuary where lie may sit, . carefully pen ins thought » ^ print them upon paper tl . - y n "y a'ÄÄAr-S M I1 ; STe P»««><l to accountability forth. acts and deed» which have formed our lives. Then the law hold. accountably for writing chargée which are libel than for words uttered, which is slander—and they ought to; not only because they lire longer but because they are the delib erate, calm expression of the man who sits down to ihink and to write; and you will tlnd it through the authori ties, and you will find it as a matter ol lawthat the words "fraud and fraud ulent" and utterly 'rotten and corrupt' are in themselves actionable,and show upon their face malice. Now this is ■lander and this is libel. This poration comes here then, charging li bel. Upon what do we charge libel? What has this defendant set out? The reading of these papers will probably take an hour and as the pith of the matter is comprised in comparatively few words I will read you the pith of them. a man to stricter «•or Iu the iMue of October 5th, 1877, is this language—referring to the Dela ware »State F. & M. lus. Co., this plaintiff, "It is a rotten and worthless Iraud aud we warn the people of Dela ware that any money they are ioolish enough to pay will go into the pockets of a pair of rascals who ought to be in jail." Now bear iu miud that my po sition before you now is that the arti cles in themselves, the libel which we are reading to you is one in itself full of malice and venom; and listen to the language I read to you: "It is a rotteu ami worthless fraud and we warn the people of Delaware that any money they are foolish euough to pay will go into the pockets of a pair of rascals who ought to he iu jail." "The insurance journals which maku the study of tlie character and condition of companies their specialty did uot need to be informed of the rottenness of the D. 8. F. & M. I. Co. by a daily paper. They know a wild cat company when they see it and de nounced this affair of Myers' without waiting for a special investigation.— They are thoroughly delighted, of course, with the Every Evening't ex posure of the rascally affair, however and appear to think that it will bo suf ficient to immediatley kill the con cern" (-) and it would if the ven had not overshot its mark; "it will be sufficient to immediately kill the concern aud prevent any more deluded people from doing business with it.— We suppose tliis is in a large degree true bui we fear that some foolish peo ple will still be gulled into wasting their money by insuriug in a concern which itself needs insuring worse than ti e most finder box building in the whole city.— Every Evening , Dec. 11, 1878. "They the Committee"—Now they attack Joseph L. Carpenter, Gregg Chandler, Thomas Darlington and Samuel Murphy, who went there and examined, as you have it in evidence, the affairs of that concern ; now he at tacks them, as you will see, not satis fied with attacking the company. Listen to what he says "They (the i«tee selected to examine into coni the condition of tho company) h: done neither but have allowed them selves to be mere whitewashes who spread the thin coat of their own credu lity over a rotten fraud ;" they are bound to prove tliis—"arotten fraud," while in Bright, Dr. Hawkins, Johnson, Henry Evans, and other —I need not name them, in tlie city of Wilmington whom you know, whose names and whoso reputations and whose private character for inte grity is co-extensive with the State.— " They the commitee (selected to ex amine into the condition of the com pany) have done neither but have al lowed themselves to be more white washers, who spread the thin coat of their own credulity over a rotteu They will, in the eyes of thoughtful people be morally respon sible for any loss into which tho re spect for their names may lead any ignorant and unexperienced person." What wisdom ! There are plenty of men in Wilmington who saw through it and still continued to insure. "We do uot know that it is worth while to take any trouble for tho bene fit of honest people so utterly foolish as to have anything to do with such a the D. 8. F. & M., but if tho bauds of William Tantum, Daniel T. John Wood, Caleb P. men fraud.' concern as any such people have any friends we advise them to look into the provisions ol the rascally bill which has now stuck in the Senate for a time and which Bright, after setting Myers to coach him, i» now lobbying for. How much longer is it going to take to make the people of this State compre hend just what sort of a man tliis Bright is ? How much longer docs this Kev. Dr. Caldwell—"why, this pure mau steps into the sacred pre cincts of tire church, and would drag tiro minister from off his pulpit who would let aman like Wm. Bright sit in his church. Oil, sueli purity ! Oh, such purity ! How fearfully the fraud must havo slunk in his nostrils 1 ' How uch longer does Rev. Dr. Caldwell propose lo stand up before this com munity as a preacher of righteousness with suoli a man a member in good Yes, he was laybody'whatever to preventit?" anyo ^ ^ after aU battled, aud lie fought and spread ne m»s . a he hisfit was Isaiah upo n tbe mountain. It was the propli J of lsrael lookinK 0 „ r the land that wa8 about to be ruined ; whom Bright and Tim t um and others were robbing ha rd earnings, and the proph «-■"X-"* ua standing in his church ?" a member iu good standing in his church, and in the sight of God aud man to-day his character don't need whitewashing,if somebody's else char acter does. And again : would think it *v standing upon the top of the mountain the laud of Israel, How long"—You tho Prophet Isaiah looking out upon and all tlie people of Israel wrapt up iu iheir sins, aud the Sou of God com ing in his wrath, aud the prophet stand ing upon tho mountain »peaks "How long can an open fraud be practised in ithout tho interference of be practised in this State without the interference of anybody whatever to prevent it? The Delaware State F. & M. I. Co., which stalled at Delà ware City and removed to this city."— We have nothing to do with it outside of the city of Wilmiugtou ; we leave that with Money, Henry and all their crow ; we take it as it lias come to us, and wo meet it a» we believe we may do, honest and fair between God ami * * which started at as a fraud Croasdale says it has no The lusurance ere irue and ne Delaware But has public I man. Delaware City and removed to this city, is now "—there is where we pin them— "ta now and always without the shadow of a right to ex ist." Well, the Legislature said it had a right. John R. McF e the man ap pointed by tbe State to examine it carefully said it had a right, aud li«* censed it. 1 righ*, none at all. more than the Législature of Dela ware, more than McFee, more than all the rest put together. It is the pro phet, gentleman.—knows all about it. "We so declared in Every & thing and added the inloirnation that Myers, the man who still runs the concern, was a professional organizer of fraudulent in Ile is wise ; knows surauue companies. Company sued Every Evening for li bel and with that we have nothing to do ; it was long before we came here ; it was while it was in the hands of their friends Money or Heury, or others of them ; "aud we m ade reply that our statements cessary for public information and the Insurance Company joined issue with us on that declaration, but asked for a postponement of six months lo enable it to gatiier evidence of it?» own solven cy and the character of i s officers. When tlie six months had elapsed it began proposing condi* ions to Every Evening on which it would withdraw the suit. All conditions were per emptorily rejected by this paper, and then ra her than face the evidence which Myers knew we must have in our possession tlie lusurance Company withdrew its own suit and paid tlie costs and thus confessed itself the fraud we had declared it to be." "Of cours», any company which can not pass muster under the easily ad ministered and not over strict insur ance laws of Maryland ought not to be allowed to do business i but there appears to be no way of pre serving our ow n cit izens."IIe drops the character of prophet and becomes the pieserver.the Saviour. "There appears to bo no way of preserving our own citizens." No; the people lived in Wilmington and they know to some extent who this man was. "There appears to bo no way of preserving our own citizens from the depredat ions of such an organization after it has once been chartered to prey upon them by tho State. opinion nothing to do with this mat- | ter? How can responsible men and * church members allow tbeA names to | be used to bolster up such a con cern?" These are the libellous articles; — not iu lots, but my learnod friends if they want to can read them all. They are tbe pith of them so far as relaies to this company and makes a charge against this company. These libellous articles were published in that paper. That it is a libel infused with poison— I will uot say now where it came from —but ini used with malice, which I submit to you is apparent upon its face, because be rests uot with attack ing the company which he alleges is "a fraud" but he throws his vile and filthy slander over every man who has any connection with i' ; «f it be Mr. Bright, if it be Dr. Tantum who h: risked their money, their means and reputation—ah! it stops not there, but if Mr. Bright enters into a church, it throws editorial mud over the pastor of the church with which he is con nected. If gentlemen of respectabili ty and decency from among tlie men of Wilmington were asked to come in and investigate and aftor investigation published their reports, published that it was not a fraud, immediately they are attacked and the mud machine in act in operation again and abuse is lioaped upon these men. If he meant merelyjto protect the pub lie lie could have done it by simply ex posing the fraud and the character ofr the frauds in temperate an 1 reasona ble language. But he docs it using the vilest words that ho can pick out in the Euglish language, lie might have said it was a fraud and given us why it was a fraud. But ho does not stop "Rotteu" is the word that there. comes out of the delicate stomach of this Isaiah who stands upon tlie moun It is a "rotteu fraud"—del tain top. icate, sensitive words for a man ot just imagination and pure thoughts, and ihen there is no harsh word in tho vo cabulary of tho English language that could be applied, scarcely, to that in stitution, that this mau lias not used affect au 1 break it down. Now, gentlemen, again, these papers were published in that Every Evening _there is uo doubt about that. Do remember tlie little by-play we to you had hero when this trial commenced ? This Savior, who comes to save the people, and protect them by every pos sible means—we asked him to bring I summoned hi i'll his files here, a ducca tecum to bring these files here. He brought them as far as Clerk Cochran's office and then he got upon that stand, and shielded himself—re fused to bring. I« was a grand me tonous act but ho d'd not like the public to kuo V lie had been tlie author of it. The duces tecum had no effect Wo served notice upon counsel, aud counsel objected because it might sub ject their client, Croasdale,to the crim inal laws of tho State of Delaware for publishing a libel, and ho hid himself behind that. And liow they fought stubbornly, persistently, betöre they permitted these tiles to come in before this jury, aud not until we had drag ged these files bore by sending a sub duces tecum to the Libiariau of poena the Wilmiugtou Institute did wo get them hero. 1 happened to have somu of them; the others we had uot. That is oue of their by play. We got them here at last; the papers wore before you, after much labor, although they laying in the office of the Clerk of 8 era dalo V 11 it were a manly act, if lie were standing up for public good; if he felt tha* he had dont that which justice and right had merited at his hands like an honest man, and was not afraid to meet his own ofispiing, wouldn't he have said like a man he did it? I say he wrote them, and I don't believe theie is a par tide of doubt that he wrote them. It he didn't write them who permitted them to go in that paper' There are only two men whom we know had any con trol of the supervision of editorial arti des there ; nobody else named here, some generalities were used; "there might have been some other person," but nobody else is named. He is edi tor-1ii-chief, and in his absence Mr. Reil teils you he supervised articles that went into that paper—and they are all super vised editorials. Now then Mr. Bell said he didn't write them ; be didn't supervise them ; he didn't know who did. There is nobody left but Croas dale and ho shuts his mouth. Who supervised them ? Why it is his paper, he flaunted it in the face of the commu nity and in the lace of these men for two years and a bait or three years, aud when brought into a Court of Justice aud confronted with them he is dumb, No, gentlemen. I won't waste time on that pitiful plea, 1 leave it to my learned friends to gôt out of the mud where Croisdale has put them, and they are wading there neck deep, it not over their heads uuJer the plea of not guilty. I say, who wrote them? Who published them? They were In bis paper. Have they given you a living man who by any reasonable possibility could have done it or would have done it? Haven't we slml this man as iu a vise . Yes; we bad him in a vise, and we turned the screw once or twice and we tried to make the mummy speak but apeak he would not. He plead his privilege under the criminal laws ol the btate of Delà •e. I don't mean to be harsh on him. If I say anything unkindly, it is because 1 feel intensely in earnest in tins case ; because L feel in my inmost soul that the man has attacked men just as honest walk this green earth, and who mean no wrong, and who 1 believe did no wrong. Just lei me Illustrate that point before I pass along. Suppose Daniel Webster had been put iu a Court of Justice—"Mr. Webster, were you the author of that speech ?" "1 hide myself behind the criminal laws of the United States." Would Daniel Webster have said that? Yet when Wiii. Croasdale is put on the witness stand to speak of the meritorious work he has done to save this community from plunder by a wretched corporation organized in fraud, conceived in fraud, and living like a vampire upon the live blood of our people, as he É claimed, he hid himself behind the criminal laws ot tbe State of Delaware! I say, let them take their defense and reconcile it if they may wish witli houesty or manll 1 believe they will have an herculean task in the attempt to convince twelve men that William Croasdale did not know that these papers went in the Every Evening. Indeed he is the author of them. Very well, then they were published, these slanders, that vile calumny was published, and as I say it was published by Wm. T. Croasdale if not written by him. I not only say it was supervised, aud he knew it went iu, but he is the man that put it in, and back of that he wrote it and is the man the Peace just through that wall there They interposed their legal and tech nical objections to having placed here before you what this mau »aid. Now they may meet it a» they can. Now the first point that »trikes us is this: Who wrote and published, or who ' published, or who authorised their publication? We are not bound to »how Croasdale wrote them. We aie not bound to show that Croasdale knew who wrote them. We are only bound under our declaration to show to you by prepoudeiance of proof that those articles went into that newspa per of which ho is the editor in chief with his kuowlcdge and consent. It is uot necessary to fix the authorship upon Croasdale; it is not necessary to prove he liauded them to anybody but that they were iu his paper, of which lie was the editor in chief; and the pre sumption lies very strongly that the man who had control of the paper and his subordinates uuderbim in the edi torial department is not only responsi ble for his own acts but for the acts of his subordinates in that department also. We are uot bound to prove he wrote them. If as editor, they went in there with his consent, he publish ed the libel as editor of that paper— and that is proved; he is editor of that paper—they can't deny that. Croas dale wrote them, and if he had been a man who had done a meritorious act, like a man ho would have said so; he would uot be hiding behind the crimi nal laws of the State of Delaware.— Either he did or did not. If he did not write them, he knows who did.— It he did not wiite them ho had a per fect light to shut his lips tight by dei clhiiug to answer. Do you remember the by-play there? Do you remember how earnest my friend Bates was to inform him what his rights were? He is as sharp and cutting as a razor; he wields the pun of a ready writer; he has dipped it iu the gall and ho dashes with vigor aud vim over reams of pa per; and not satisfied with that, he lias begun to use a printing machine —he can't write fast euough. That is what they proved about him. Did he write them? I will not waste time on it. I believe there is not a jury man in that box that has a doubt about it iu his mind, that Croasdale wrote the articles. If he didn't, who did? There are three men who wrote ea itorials. They said there were other parties, but I questioned and cross questioned, and 1 got the entire staff of the Every Evening oifice here, aud nobody else iu all that corps, nobody else in all that office from the man who distributes the proof among the compositors to the other editors. Mr. Humphrey, who occasionally sits with him, and Mr. Bell, who sits with him a good deal—nobody else knows auy thing about it. They cannot name anybody else who did write i: ; nobody else in all that company, who shuts bis mouth when he is asked who did write it? Am I harsh on Mr. Croas •■is ness. who, as editor of that paper, permitted it to go in. The first plea is "I didn't do it" that is their plea, and "Yes, I did do it" that is the next plea. "I did do it, gentlemen, 1 did it for public good because there was a rumor about this institution in the city of Wilmiugtou that it was frau dulent, because it was robbing the peo ple and it is a meritorious act." The man who one moment hides behind the criminal law of the State of Delaware then gets up and flaps his wings and says he did it for public good. .Just iu this position have these people put themselves before the jury. I took the risk when I put Wm. T. Croasdale upon that stand, of placing him in a manly, honorable, honest position before the public. I gave him the opportunity that any honest, man would have taken to have said "Yes" the very moment I asked him "Are you the autdorof these articles?" 1 took the peril of putting him there like an honest man and his saying, "Yes, Mr. Lore, I am the au thor of those articles; I am the editor of that paper ; they went in with my knowledge and consent. 1 did it sir, because as an editor of a public journal, one of the great powers of the country, it was my duty to warn people ot what I believed to be a fraud, I may have been mis'aken or I may not, but from all the information I can get I believe it to he a fraud, aud was simply doing a public duty." I took that risk, and if he bad so done, he was my witness and my mouth would have been shut, for I could not have contradicted him. I took a fearful risk but I knew my man. No slanderer, no libeller is ever a brave man, 1 care not who he be; I in ;an morally, and when he is brought face to face aud front to front with his own acts, with his own bastard children —he dare not own them. I knew my mau, I tried him and the test proved just what he was. Am I speaking other than words of truth ? other than words that commend themselves to your own good sense as men sitting there not to listen to the vile slanders of anybody but to probe this tbiug to the bottom and flwd out whether it be true or un true, for you set there, not simply to protect the public but to protect every man in that box, and every man and in stitution in this county from unjust, un fair attacks. The tongue of infamy; of slander may attack the most sacred rela tions of human life. I have kuown men who have stood at the very pinnicle of human ambition; I have known men who have lived pure lives and who have stood just where every man in his ir most heart would long to be, and the toogue of the vile slanderer sometimes without one word of truth in it, has tainted that character, aud has gone with that honored name as a blot all through bii> life and followed its memory among all following generations. You stand here as protectors ot the character of tbe business interests of the community. Now the next plea is that "1 did it;" —1 am frank to say that the whole current of these articles pretends to put a face upon them for public good. 1 gave him a chance to say that aud ue did not. "Out of their mouths shall y e condemn them," and it is out of hit mou th that he is condemned, because an honest man need never be ashamed of h is good deeds. The only thing that an honest, true and pure man need be ashamed of is not his good deeds done f or the public, but it is those infirmities of human life that follow the best of ll8> pure as we may be, desirous as we may be of moulding our lives and fash ioning our characters in the model which divinty has set before us. There is no human being but who has frailties, and he is ashamed of his frailties, and he OU ght tobe. It shows aspirations for a higher life aud for a better existence, Has be justified himself when he says was a fraud aud I will prove it?" dealing with this case this morning as ^ have the reply,I will have to deal with summarily; I canuot go through this ina88 of testimony in my present physi ca j condition, and therefore in going over this point 1 shall take it up not in detail, but endeavor to compress it into a narrow compass. Do the facts drawn 0 ut j n this case justify this attack? The charge is, it Isa"rotteu worthless fraud." Breathing all through these papers is a desire to shut it up, glorying in tbe pros pcct that other papers say it will shut u ., and apparently only mourning that ^ could not shut it up. Does the condi y on 0 f the company jus!ify these at lac k 8 ? Is it a "rotten, worthless fraud?" Let me say here, and let me draw this distinction clear in your minds. Mr. Brig ht, Dr. Tantum, John Wood, Mr. H(iury Evans, C. P. Johnson, of Wil n ,iugton, and other men who were con nec t e d with it, had nothing to do with the conduct of Mr. Myers and Mr. Hol ij s ter and Mr. Money aud Mr. Henry— they what they may at Delaware c q» j they can take care of themselves, We have to do with them only so far as we took their assets info our new com n an y and became responsible for those a8se ts. They did reorganize; not a g [ nt2 i e member ot that company was left except Mr. Myers, the »secretary, w hom they kept for reasous which are not a pp aren t to you but probably be oause 0 f bis skill and whom, I think j ia j a ?er y unfortunate connection with tbe company—I will say to you very frankly. We commenced right there In October, 1877. Wo took possession ot it; we took the assets, and so far as we took them we are responsible to that ex tent, but not for what was done by other men when we had nothing to do with it. I shall not, therefore, waste your time by going to Delaware city. When Mr Heury and Mr. Money and those men are called upon to defend themselves then you may try them. The charge is '«it. always was and now is a fraud," and this court will tell you if they fail to prove it "was a fraud and now is, a fraud in the hands of Bright and Tan turn and these men who were managing it in the city of Wilmington, at the time these articles were published, they fail utterly and hopelessly. Now was it a fraud in the hands ot these men ? Gen tlemen, they are bound to prove it was a fraud, not simply that it was insolv ent. I know many a man walking the earth to-day—aye, I may say I know hundreds of them, who have been un fortunate in business. Aud just let me say here, that tbe wonder to me is that this company has done a particle of busi ness, with th s vile sheet fulminating it« vile uses day after day, and hour after hour, into the midst of citizens through this county, through this peninsula, through this land. Isn't it"wonderfal It bad any business at all? If it had been a "rotten fraud," where would it have gone? Like this woman's bank up in Massachusetts that the very moment it was attacked it melted away, and like all other "rotten frauds" that have ever been - attacked they melt and disappear;they don't hold their organization; they don't continue to get business. When careful business men go there and make investigation into it, they do not then, it being a "rotten fraud," take their policies out of companies said to be good and put it into that "rotten fraud." That is not the way of hon est business men. I say it is perfectly wonderful it had a particle of business. They remained silent except they took the only recourse that was open to them. They asked for an examina tion. Now just on that point, what does fraud do? When you catch a rascal anti l ^-ud him, what does he do? When you catch him, if you have not got does he ings up? Does he make a clean breast of it and show the whole thing and say, "Gentlemen, come in and look and examine?" If he is a "fraud and utterly worthless" he says no such thing. Test this company by that test and to my mind it is one of the clearest tests that possibly could be put to a thing that was unsound and nnworthy of credit. These institu tions that are utterly corrupt fence themselves by the law; they resist everyeffort to get into their sacred Ar cana; they will fence and battle every man who attempts to go and make examination of their assets. Was that this company? I will Bay to you, no. They have no paper, no press, to publish this in language of their own; the company have no press; they have to pay for what they put in print.— And if they should attack Mr. Croas. dale in any other paper he would have the right, if it were not true, to see the publishers; and juBt the possibility of litigation would deter people from publishing. Applying that test :— Suppose this institution was a fraud; that these men bad organized it and intended it for a fraud; when Mr. Mc Fee was appointed commissioner for this State what had been their act? Why before John K. McFee had got ten his commission, these people asked him to examine their assets. These rile attacks bad been made upon them from this sheet, and they wanted the public to know whether they were a fraud or not. Mr. McFee told you that upon that stand. They wanted the public to know if there was anything to know. Mr. McFee says, "I am not yet commissioned but as soon as I get a coinmiseiou, if you will make a request of me in writing to that effect, I will come and exatmue you, and give the ex amination to the public." As soon as that was ascertained and he got his commission they sent him a written re quest to come and examine that institu tion. proof elear upon him, wbat do? Does ne open all hie deal He came. He came with a gentle man whose miud was poisoned against this company—I have not time to comment upon that now, but I can show it to you as clear as a sunbeam when I do come to it. He came ; they threw open their books. He spent ( Continued on third page,) DIED' CHANDLER.—At ills residence In Chris tiana Hundred, on the 1st of December, Marshall!*. Chandler,in the 65tb year.or his aae. ijThe friends of the family are respectful ly invited lo attend his funeral, from his late residence, on Monday, Dec. oth, at 2 o'clock p. m., and proceed to Centre Meeting House. PEACH.—At his late residence in New Castle Hundred, on November 80th, William Peaoh, in his 81st year. The relatives and friend* are respect fully Invited to attend hie funeral from his late residence, New Castle Hundred, on Friday morning next, to leave the house at 11 o'clock. To proceed to Old Bwedes' burying gronnd, KKW IDVEBIINKMKITI'S, S ALE OF COWS. The Subscribers will sell at Public Bale, ai Red Lion, East Marlborough, Jhester county. Pa., MONDAY, DECEMBER 20th, 1880, at 1 o'clock, p. m., FORTY HEAD OF FRESH COWS AND 8PRINOER8,TWENTY HEAD OF FEEDERS. LOT OF YOUNG BOLLS 3a HILL A BAILEY. L. W. Htldham A Son, Auot'r.. novô-ts. N OTICE TO WATER RENTERS. Office of the Water Depaxt- ) sent, Wilmiugtou, Del., V December 1,1*90.) ready aud payable at the Registrar's office at the B. w, corner of Hixth and Klua street». The law requires that all bill» paid on or be fore January 31st, 1881, the face of the bill, those paid during the month of February, 8 per cent, additional. Those paid during the month of March 10 par cent, addi tional, aud any amount remaining un paid after April 1st, 1881, the Registrar la required to have the ferrules withdrawn aud suit instituted for the recovery ot the amount due; and the water will not be let Into »ach premise» until such arrears, with assessments and 82 for drawing fer rules, are paid. Office hoars from 9 a. m. to 4 p. m. WILLIAM J. MORROW, Registrar. decl-eod-Jan-ed-feb-eod. The hills for 1881 are UST RECEIVED A new stock of flue singing J CANARY BIRDS, Suitable for Christmas presents. ALSO NICE BRASS CAGES AT COST. W. N. CHANDLER, No. 611 Market Street. tf. Hominy I Hominy ! I We are gelling BEST PEARL HOMINY, Wholesale by the barrel or bushel, at less price than you can purchase it in Phlla. or this olty. W. N. CHANDLER No. 611 Market Street. tf. ALT I MOKE B Breakfast Hominy, OR CORN GRIT8, Only 4 cents per pound, at W. N. CHANDLER'S 611 Market Street. nov24-tf. % way betw. 6tb d- 7tb Sts.