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Washington sentinel. [volume] (City of Washington [D.C.]) 1853-1856, March 29, 1855, Image 3

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at an early age into tlie affairs of the Empire
by the Emperor, his i'atlier; he was present at
all the councils; he was invested with situa
tions which gave him frequent opportunities of
rendering himself useful to the army, and
pleasing to the youth of the schools. When
ever the Emperor Nicholas quitted the capital
he left the supreme direction of the govern
ment to his son ; and, in short, he had takqn
the utmost pains to prepare him to become
his successor.
" The Grand Duke Alexander, the heir to
the crown, is very popular in Russia; he is be
loved and esteemed by the people. lie will not
exercise the great authority ot his father, for he
does not inherit either hisA?i<teur or his inflex
ibility. He will rather please, as the Emperor
Alexander I. did, by his mildness and his affa
bility, and between the uncle and the nephew
there is a very great similarity of character, in
numerous ways. The new Empress ia also
highly spoken of, and her elevated judgment
and her conciliating manners are much ex
tolled. It is thought that she will exercise a
salutary influence over the Emperor. Public
opinion in Russia attributes to the hereditary
Grand Duke a policy different from that of the
Emperor, and particularly a more pacific one."
The Effect of tk? Emi?eror'i Death.
The news of the: Emperor's death created a
profound sensation throughout Europe.
The Effect In Prussia.
The Berlin Court placed itself in mourning
immediately, and orders were issued for the
whole Prussian army to wear symbols of mourn
ing for four weeks.
The Effect in Auntrla.
Vienna, March 3.?The news of the death of
the Emperor Nicholas, which was known here
at 9 o'clock last night, has produced an im
mense sensation.
Vienna, March 4.?The Archduke William,
the personal friend of the new Emperor of Rus
sia, goes to day with an autograph letter from
the Emperor to the Emperor Alexander.
The Emperor of Austria directs that in ac
knowledgment of the services rendered by the
Emperor Nicholas during the time of unfor
tunate trials, the Nicholas Regiment of Curiaa
aeurs shall always preserve that name as a
souvenir to the Austrian army.
The following is the brief announcement of
the event bv the Austrian oflicial gazette.
" The melancholy tidings which we yesterday
evening communicated to the public have filled
all hearts with sorrow. Recent occurrences
have led to dissensions; there have been dif
ferences of opinion as to the duties of the vari
ous powers in regard to the events in the East;
there have been conflicting opinions as to the
course of action which the state of affairs re
quires; but all these matters have been cast in
the background by the painful feeling caused
by the great loss which the whole of Europe
has suffered by the decease of one of its most
highly gifted sovereigns. The reign of the
Emperor, which lasted almost thirty years, is
one of the most brilliant periods in the history
of Russia, and the name and memory of the
defunct monarch is intimately connected with
all those important events which have occurred
within that long and momentous space of time.
"No one will be so prejudiced by the com
plications of the last few months a3 to refuse to
acknowledge, and that with the deepest grati
tude, the great services rendered by the late
Emperor Nicholas to the cause of order, of le;
gality, and of the monarchical principle, which
together form the great pillars of the European
family of States. But Austria, which yesterday,
as the anniversary of the death of the Emperor
Francis, (1835,) had such a vivid recollection
of its affliction at the loss of that ever-memor
able paternal ruler, is particularly struck that,
by a singular dispensation of Providence, Rus
sia should on the very same day receive such
a heavy blow, and that it should in both Em
pires be attended with sorrowful recollections.
"The only alleviation that can be found for
the painful impression which the astounding
news has caused is in the thought of the esti
mable qualities of the eldest son and successor
of the Emperor Nicholas, the Emperor Alex
ander II.
"It is confidently to be expected that the
monarch who 1ms now ascended the throne of
his deceased father will realize the sanguine
hopes which are placed in him, as well in his
own great empire as in the rest of the world,
and that the work of peace just commenced?
which was rendered possible by the honorable
advances made by the defunct sovereign?will,
from a feeling of filial devotion, be brought to
a happy issue by the mild and propitiary spirit
of Alexander 11."
The Effect lu W*riaw.
A letter from Wrarsaw, dated March 3, says :
u I write to you under the impression of the
greatest consternation. The news of the death
of his majesty the Emperor Nicholas reached
us yesterday at 3 o'clock in the afternoon.
The Prince Governor received a telegraphic
dispatch announcing it while presiding at the
Council of the Kingdom in the palace, lie
immediately retired to his priyate apartment,
?where he paid the tribute of his heart-to the
great deceased, of whom be was at the same
time first servant and the most devoted friend.
"Count Rudigeris appointed to the com
mand of the Imperial Guard, of whom the
Duke heir apparent was heretofore the com
mander-in-chief. Count Rudiger leaves War
saw this evening to join the Emperor.
"The public was not made acquainted with
the catastrophe till later, and then only by the j
closing of the theatre. The manifesto of the
new Emperor is expected the day after to-mor
row. The consternation is general.'
The Effect In France.
Immediately on the death of the Czar Nicho
las being known in Paris, orders were sent to
Marshal Canrobert to press on the seige of be
bastopol with the utmost vigor.
The Paris police had arrested several ballad
singers for chanting verses disrespectful to the
dead Czar.
The Effect In England. _
The news of the Czar's death was received
in England with demonstrations of joy. The
several theatre managers came before tho cur
tain and announced the fact, which, in most
instances, was received with tumultuous cheer
ing.
From ibe'Times of March 9.
The London Tlme? on the New Order of
Things In Rusala.
We are not accustomed to attach undue im
portance to the formal ccremonies and obser
vance of **eign courts in the different occur
rences of their monotonous existence. 1 he
acts prompted by those occasions are common
ly to be regarded as mere demonstrations of
courtesy and good breeding, which aie not
misplaced in the society of kings; and the
language employed in public manifestoes and
declarations is quite as often used to conceal
tho thoughts ot their authors as to express
them. The marks of condolence and sympa
thy shown by the German sovereigns to the
imperial family of Russia on the sudden death
of the late Emperor have, therefore, in our
opinion, but a slight connection with the politi
cal transactions in which the interests ot Eu
rope are at this time engaged ; and, on the
other hand, the tone of tho manifesto of the
Emperor Alexander on his accession to tho
throne proves very little as to the course of
policy he may really intend to pursue.
. He announces his determination to regard
the welfare of his empire, including Poland
and Finland, as " inseparable from it, and he
promises to maintain this empire, "one and
indivisible, at the highest standard of power
and glory, and to accomplish in his own person
the incessant wishes of Peter, Catharine, Alex
ander, and Nicholas. As the address of a
young sovereign, who has just ascended the
throne, and whose first object is to conciliate
the affection and respect of his people, this
declaration is perfectly natural ; and a Prince,
suspected of moderation, is perhaps more
tempted to resort to such expressions than ono
wlio has already established a reputation for
vehement and undiscriminating patriotism.
Hut if such terms were really addressed to
Europe, they would be extremely ridiculous, for
an empire cannot be suid to be the highest
stundard of power and glory when its ports are
blockaded, its navy compelled to disappear
from avery sea, its troops defeated in every en
counter with the enemy, and a large portion of
one of its provinces occupied by an invading
army. Still less can the young Emperor boast,
with any semblance of reason, that he is about
to accomplish in his own person the schemes
of Peter, Catharine, Alexander, and his own
father, if by that axpression is meant the over
throw of the Ottoman empire) and the estab
lishment of an empire and a church under the
protectorate of the Russian Czars. Never was
there a moment wheu Fuch a scheme seemed
less practicable, since all the great powers are
actually bound by treaty, and prepared in arms
to resist, and to defeat it; and the mere avowal
of a deliberate intention to give effect to the
aggressive designs of those Russian sovereigns,
would be a direct challenge to the rest of Eu
rope.
It is scarcely possible to imagine that the
Court of St. Petersburg would have held such
language if it had intended to act upon it
abroad, and the greater probability appears to
to us to be that these expressions were dictated
by the necessity of humoring the passions of a
powerful and popular party in the Russian
empire. It may, however, be inferred from the
tone of this address, that war rather than
peace animates with its spirit the Russian na
tion. So far as wo are acquainted with the
manifesto, the whole text of which has not yet
reached us, it contains no allusion to the hoped
for termination of the present contest; but if
it could be supposed that the Emeror Alexan
der II means to pursue tho objects which have
already embroiled his predecessor with the
greater part of Europe, he would scarcely have
taken, this mode of declaring such an inten
tion.
W hen,, about twenty-nine years ago, his
father, the late Emperor, mounted the throne,
after a short interregnum and a sanguinary re
volt of the army in the capital, Nicholas de
clared to his people, in similar but in milder
lauguage, that "he should live solely for his
people; that he should reign as Alexander, of
blessed memory, had reigned, in order to ac
complish all that he had wished for the happi
ness of Russia ; and, following his example, ne
hoped to obtain the blessing of God and the
love of the people."
Such was the prelude to the reign of the
most stern, self-willed, and ahsolute monarch
who ever held the Russian sceptre, who mounted
the throne amid the commotion of revolt, and
who ended it in the convulsion of war. No
stronger proof could be produced of the worth
lessness of such manifestoes for any practical
purpose; and w$ cherish a hope that the af
fected violence of the one may be as insincere
as the affected moderation of the other.
Prussia and,the New Czar.
A letter from Berlin, of the 5th says: "The
Emperor Alexander II has written to the King
of Prussia a letter to announce his accession to
the throne, and to beg of him to continue with
Russia the relations which existed between the
two countries in the time of his father. The
Dowager Empress has also written a letter to
her brother, the King. In the dispatch which
arrived here on Eriday, and which announced
the death of the Emperor, were the words pro
nounced by his majesty in French, thanking
our King (or his friendship and fidelity, aud
entreating him to persist in the same senti
ments."
They began with "tell my brother Fritz,"
but these words were Omitted from the official
publication, from motives of propriety. One
of the most moving scenes which has occurred
here in connection with the death of the Em
peror Nicholas, has been the celebration of the
service for the dead according to the Greek
rites, in the chapel of the Russian Embassy.
The Grand Duchess Olga, dressed in the
deepest mourning, was present, as was also her
husband, the Crown Prince of Wurtcmburg,
the King of Prussia, and all the Princes and
Princesses of the royal family. When the
liturgy was terminated and the prayer offered
up for the blessings of Heaven on the deceased,
the Priests extinguished the wax candles, and
the Duchess Olga also extinguished the candle
which, according to the rites of her church, she
had held in her hand. As she did so, the
Duchess, who had previously been deadjy pale,
threw herself into the arms of the Queen and
sobbed aloud.
Manifesto of the New Emperor.
A dispatch from Koningsbetg, dated the 7th
inst., gives the following summary of the mani
festo of the new Emperor of Russia :
"The manifesto of Alexander II has arrived.
After announcing the sadden and severe illness
of the Emperor Nicholas, which terminated in
his death, it says that, as the deceased devoted
himself incessantly for the welfare of his sub
jects, 1 so do we also, on ascending the throne
of Russia, and of Poland and Finland, insepa
rable from it, take a solemn oath before God
to regard the welfare of our empire as our only
object. May Providence, which has selected
us for so high a calling, be our guide and pro
tector, that we may maintain Russia on the
highest standard of power and glory, and in
our person accomplish the incessant wisheH
and views of Peter, of Catharene, of Alexan
der, and of our father. May the zeal of our
subjects assist us therein. We invoke and com
inand the oath of allegiance to us and to the
heir to the throne, our son Nicholas Alexau
drowitsch." ?
Dissensions in Russia.
Intelligence had reached Paris from St. Pe
tersburg, which describes that city as in a state
of great excitement. The nobles had met se
cretly with a view of addressing the Emperor
on the subject of arming the serfs. They pro
posed pointing out to Alexander the ruin which
would accompany such a step, and the internal
danger that might follow.
It was expected that St. Petersburg wonld
be placed in a state of siege. The Emperor is
reported to have declared his intention to fol
low out-the policy laid down by Nicholas at
the Congress of Vienna. Prince Gortschakoff's
instructions have been confirmed. General
Paskiewitch is opposed to the arming of the
serf's, and has addressed the Emperor on the
subject. The greatest confusion appears to
prevail at St. Petersburg.
From the Seat of War?Fighting Before
Rehastopol.
On the 23d and 24th of February there was
some serious fighting before Sebastopol, but
the French and Russian telegraphic accounts
of the affair ore accurate. It can scarcelv be
donbtf^that MenschikofTs dispatch, dated St.
Peter^^g, March 6, and Admiral Bruat's dis
patch, dated Kamiesch, February 24, in the
Moniicur of the 27th, are but different versions
of one and the same story, although the dates
do not precisely correspond. According to
MenschikofF, the Russians erected, " in the
night of February 21st and 22d, a redoubt on
tho left flank of the fortifications of Sebasto
pol," which redoubt was attacked by the " en
emy'' with a considerable force, on the night of
the 24th and 25th.
Admiral Bruat speaks of some important
works of connter approach having been ef
fected by the Russians " in the night of Feb
ruary 22d and 23d, on the counterfort of the
plateau, which runs down towards the small
Canrning Bay ; and says that these works were
attacked by the second corps ; "on the night of
23d and 24th." So far, there is such a simi
larity in the description of the operations on
rit^r fl'dc as to prove to a Wral Certainty, not
withstanding the trifling discrepancy in dates,
that the same tacts are intended to be spoken of.
But when we come to tho result, the diversity
is startling. The Russian commander says the
the French were repulsedlty the two regiments
with a loss of 600 men, while the French Ad
miral reports that the obnoxioas works were
taken with great eclat, and the loss " is s??id to
be" about 100 wounded. It may pretily safely
be presumed that the loss was greater than it
is "said to be'' in the Monitcur dispatch, but
we can scarcely doubt that the work* arc really
taken.
A dispatch dated Sebastopol, March 5th,
reached Paris on the 7th, stating that 50,000
Russians were threatening the English force at
Balaklava.
General Bosquert was endeavoring to got
his troops in the rear of the enemy, with a view
of the cutting off their supplies and reiniorce
ments, and preventing their becoming the at
tacking party.
The faring continued from both sides with
more or less steadiness.
lTp to the 20th of February, nothing new
had occurred at Eupatoria.
A special correspondent of the London Daily
Niewt dated Balaklava, Feb. 23, says that it
was rumored that Canrobert had ordered the
court-martial of an officer high iu command in
the French army, accused of holding treason
able correspondence with the enemy.
The weather in the Crimea was very variable.
At the latest dates a fane convoy of 200 wagons
succeded iu entering Sebastopol.
It is rumored that Schamyl, in conjunction
with the forces of Nail Mahomed, will invade
the Crimea by way of Anapa and the sea of
Azof.
Tl?e Mortality of Scutari.
| Feb. 26.?The mortality at Scutari and
Kululee remains at the average of the last fort
night. At Scutari there were on the 22d, 32
burials; on the 23d 30; on the 24th 30; ou the
25th 37. At Kululee the burials on the 22d,
23d and 24th were 13, 10 and 12, respectively.
1 he average daily mortality in the two hospi
tals is, therefore, a little over 40. Three weeks
since it was over 70.
M Additional from the Crimea.
The Grand Dukes, who are now at Sebasto
pol have been summoned home to attend the
funeral of their father.
1 he whole garrison o? Constantinople, the
reserves, and the convalescents, have left for
the Crimea.
It is said that the Flagstaff Battery has been
nearly destroyed by the French mines.
It was reported that the allied generals had
decided to attack the Ryssians under Geueral
Liprandi, and then to invest Sebastopol.
Sebastopol, Feb. 24.?Weather fine. Gene
rals Bosquet and Campbell have reconnoitered
the heights of Balaklava, and exchanged shots
with the advanced posts of the Russians, who
retired to Tchernaya precipitately. General
Canrobert has congratulated Omer Pacha on
the affair of Eupatoria. Later advices than
the foregoing, received via Vienna, state that
sanguinary combats have taken place place on
the Tchernaya.
Marseilles, March 6.?The Pharamond has
arrived from Constantinople, February 22. The
navigation of the Danube has been re-estab
lished. Eighty Austrian vessels are loading
corn. Operationj in the Crimea are retarded
by the snow and the bad state of the roads.
The Constantinople Journal mentions that the
roads are impassable. It is believed that with
the return of the fine weather Omar Pacha
will march against the Russian army. The
Turks are full of enthusiasm.
The Vienna Presse has the following: "Ad
vices from Constantinople of the 26th of Feb
ruary, state that there was very fine weather at
Sabastopol. The Russians have disappeared
from tie neighborhood of Balaklava."
During an insurrection at Aleppo, the Eng
lish Consul was murdered. ?
Dispatches from Lord Raglan.
Bebore Sebastopol, February 24, 1855.?
My Lord: The weather has improved Bince I
wrote my dispatch of the 20th instant.
The snow is still on the ground, and the nights
are cold; but the wind has subsided, and we
have to-day a bright sunshine.
Considerable activity continues to prevail in
the movement of the enemy's troops on the
north side of the harbor, and convoys of wagons
are constantly arriving, and the object of the
Russians would appear to fortify the heights
extending to their left, and looking upon the
valley of the Tchernaya.
The troops of the garrison having lodged
themselves on the point of the spur of the ridge
from Inkerman, over the Careening Bay, at
about three hundred yards from the new French
parallel, on the Extreme right, General Canro
bert determined to dislodge them; and this was
gallantly effected at two o'clock this morning,
by one hundred five hundred men, under the
immediate command of General Monet, and
thedirection of General Mavran, with, however,
I regret to say, some loss, the consequence of
die heavy fire which was brought to bear upon
tnem from the enemy's batteries and the ship
ping. whilst they were engaged in demolishing
the works. When this object was accomplished,
they withdrew to the trenches, as had been their
intentioD.
The gallant General Monet is, I am much
concerned to have to add, among the wounded.
" Lieutenant General Sir George Brown has,
I am happy to say, resumed the command of
the light division, in perfect health.
The railway is getting on remarkably well,
and the exertions of Mr. Bcattie, who is super
intending the work, are unremitting, and en
title him to great praise. I have, Jtc..
RAGLAN.
The Russian Defeat at Rnpatoria.
Ecpatoria, Feb. 17.?The ground surround
ing Eupatoria is a vast sandy plain, broken
now ana then by hillocks, and close to the en
trenchments, by two or three small ravines.
To the extreme right there is a large salt lake,
which completely protects it on that tide, and
on the left an eminence of no great elevation
runs away in a northwesterly direction till lost
in the distance.
Upon the snmmit of this were two large
masses of Russian cavalry, lancers, and dra
goons, drawn up in squares, and further on to
the right were huge columns of infantry?some
displayed on the slope, but larger numbers still,
I suspect, were behind the hill, the glittering of
their bayonets when the sun rose being dis
tinctly visible. In front of these, in a long line,
were at least seventy guns, about a third of
which were pouring a torrent of shot upon the
Turkish outwork, and the adjacent portions of
the entrenchment in the rear, the fire being
vigorously returned, not only from the point of
attack, but from all the redoubts on the left
and centre of the Turkish lines.
Anything more picturesque than the flash
and smoke of the guns, before the day brok6
clearly, can hardly be imagined; but when the
sun broke through the clouds, and revealed
clearly the enormous masses of artillery and in
fant? that crowded the eminence and lined the
?lope, I confess?and there wore many who
partook of my fears?that I could not contem
plate the result without considerable apprehen
sion, above all when I remembered that the
only means of retreat open, in case of reverse,
was the Black Sea, which roared and foamed
in our rear with considerable violence.
The cannonade lasted in this way without
any striking result on either side till 8 o,clock,
when the Russians brought down another bat
tery of eight pieces at full gallop, and taking
up a position within 800 yards of the outwork,
(the garrison of whiclT, though the works were
still unfinished, had defended itself with un
shaken courage,) opened a furious enfilading
fire. To draw of a portion of this, a redoubt
?the position occupied by the regiment of
Colonel Ogilby?opened its fire from one gun,
and drew on it instantly a succession of dis
charges from four pieces out of the eight.
Happily, though in one or two instances,
they got the ran^e very fairly, and knocked
clay off the top ot the ramparts in the men's
faces, the majoriiy of the shots wont very high,
and, after whizzing over some tents, fell in
amongst some cavalry on the heights in the
centre of the position, or dropped right into
the sea without hurting anyone. This lasted
about an hour, during the whole of which the
cannonade continued towards the out work
and on the extreme rigbt with the same vio
lence us ever, aud now became mingled with a
sharp ra.tle of musketry, which inspired some
apprehension for those parts of the field from
this point not risible.
On going higher up along the entrenchment
I witnessed some splendid practice from the
I Valorous steamer in the harbor, which threw
1 shells with great precision across the mounds
of sand, on the sea shore, and amongst the
cavalry on the left, causing them to shilt their
position several times, till they got fairly out of
range.
Throughout, the Turkish artillery acquitted
itself remarkably well ; after every shot we
could see the enemy's horses rolling over, or
Hying off riderless across the field. 1 heir ar
tillery must certainly have suffered severely, as
was testified by the number of dead horses,
and fragments of gun-carriages found after- ,
wards. About 10 o'clock a column composed
of the Azovski regiment was pushed forward
to assault on the extreme right, where they had
less to fear from the fire of the artillery,
through a large graveyard. What induced
them to choose such a spot as this for the at
tack it is hard to imagine, as the inequalities
of the ground must have thrown them more or
less into disorder from the first moment. A
tew minutes previously the Furious had sent a
rocket partly ashore, which landed on the ex
treme right of the town, and coming round
amongst the wind-mills, opened their fire on
the Russians just as the head of the column is
sued from the burrying-ground aud appenred
on the glacis, and at the same moment the
musketry commenced from the entrenched.
The column pushed on to a distance of about
tweuty yards from the ditch, but there gave
way and fell into disorder.
Seliin Pacha now m&do a sortie with a brig
ade of Egyptians, and charged them with the
bayonet; but in the act of leading his men on,
received a busket ball through his body, and
fell dead. Ismail Bey was also wounded on
the same occasion. The Russians now fell into
disorder, gave way and retired, leaving the
graveyard strewed with the dead. The artil
lery limbered up, and went off,firing occasional
shots till it passed the brow of the hill. The
cavalry preceded it at a canter, but when on
the other side the whole retreated in the most
beautiful order, to a distance of about two
miles, where they bivouaced on the plain.
Immediately after the cessation of the firing,
I walked dowu to the outwork, and at every
yard along the iuside of the inner entrench
ment found traces of the conflict, in the shape
of battered houses, dead horses, and here and
there wounded or dead men. These were, how
ever, the natural consequences of four hours'
cannonading, and I passed them without pay
ing much attention to them, till I was stopped
iA a narrow passage between the parapet and
a ruined wall, by two soldiers marching abreast,
with a very excited, triumphant air, and each
carrying in his hand, what at first I took to be
a pig's bead, but which, on nearer approach, 1
found to my infinite disgust to be the heads of
two unfortunate Russians who hid fallen in the
graveyard ; one, from the long hair, evidently
that of a Greek volunteer; the other the closely
croped skull of a Boldier of the line?both gray
and disfigured, and leaving bloody traces on
the ground over which they passed.
I had scarce recovered from my first surprise
and horror, when I met two other savages bear
ing aloft on the points of their bayonets two
other trophies of a similar nature. They had
hardly passed me, however, when they were
stopped by the news that their two confreres,
who had preceded them, on laying their hideous
spoila at the feet of Omar Pacha, instead, as
they expected, of being patted on the back and >
receiving a good haksheesh, were instantly ar
rested and marched off to prison.
Despatch from Omer Pnclia.
Head Quarters, Eupatoria, Feb, 1858.?
Under this date Omar Pacha reports to Lojcd
Raglan an account of the attack on Eupatoria,
which is translated, closing as follows: "After
four hours" fighting, the enemy commenced re
treating. * * * * * *
"I have every reason to be satisfied with the
conduct of my troops during the day. Although
behind works only half finished, and not fully
armed they showed a. bold front, and were very
steady.
"Our losses are not very numerous, but they
are to be deplored. We regret the death of
Selim Pacha, Lieutenant General, commanding
the Egyptain troops. We had, moreover, 87
killed, and 277 wounded; 79 horses killed, and
18 wounded.
"Amongst the killed there are seven officers,
and ten are wounded, among them Suleiman
Pacha. Thirteen inhabitants of the town have
been killed and eleven wounded.
AUSTRIA.
Vienna, Monday evening.?Her Majesty the
Empress of Austria was safely delivered of a
daughter at four o'clock this afternoon. A
general amnesty for political offences is de
creed on the occasion of the accouchment of
the Empress.
The Vienna Conference.
The first meeting of the Plenipotentiaries
took place at Vienna on the 6th instant. Their
debates had for its object the fixing bf the pre
cise meaning of the third of the guarantee
points. The Russian representatives were not
present. Further conferences would be held
without delay.
General Wedell had left Paris on his return
to Berlin, and was said to be the bearer of in
structions which would insure the conclusion
of a treaty between Prussia an J the Western
Powers.
Telegraphs from Vienna, of the Gth instant,
state that Prince Gortschakoff (the diplomat
ist) had received oiders from the Emperor
Alexander to proceed with the negotiations, and
confirming the instructions he had originally
received.
The Peae? Propoidi.
It is stated that Lord John Russell and M.
Bourquency have agreed upon the terms which
England and France consider necessary for the
treaty of peace, and if these terms are correct
ly rendered, they are not (says the European
Times) such as the new Emperor of Russia
ought to decline to accept, for they merely pro
pose a limitation of the Russian power in the
Black Sea, the transforming of Sebastopol into
a commercial port, and the destruction ?f the
fortress. These are not very humiliating terms,
but they ought to be accompanied by another
and still more stringent condition, namely?
that of making Russia pay the expenses of the
WRr*
We shall be pleased to find that this version
correctly represents the policy of the Emperor
of France at the present moment, because, as
we have shown elsewhere, uneasiness prevails
in certain quarters that he may possibly prove
obstructive in the effort to return to peace.
The opinion is gaining ground that the death of
the Czar has considerably diminished Russian
influence in Germany, and that it will connect
Prussia with Austria and the Western Powers
in the forthcoming conference to an extent
which would not have existed had he lived.
Disagreement between Franc? and Eng
land.
A speck of disagreement had arisen between J
Napoleon and England. Napoleon said the j
armies should not act together if Roebuck's
committee of the English Parliament proceed
ed. Lord Clarendon went by express to Bou
logne and set the matter right.
In the meantime the committee proceeds
with the investigation, but it is thought that
Parliament will be dissolved to obviate the
difficulty.
FRANCE.
Of the proposed departure of Napoleon for
the seat of war nothing additional was known,
t but preparations continued to be made. ,It is
said his majesty's visit has reference to a plan
of operations of an extent commensurate with
such a war as the present one. A French
camp of 40,000 men will probably be estab
lished at Constantinople.
i The concert at the Tnilleriei, appointed fi r
I the 8th, is put off on account of tho death of
the Czar. '1 he Monilcur give^ insertion to an
extracted article bhowing that the Germanic
confederates must mobolise their armies, and
elect a commander-in-chief, if they wish to ex
ercise an inliueuce favorable to peace.
SPAIN.
Madrid, March 8.?A baftallion of marines
left Cadiz for Cuba; 5,000 men will leave in
May. Tho army of llavana will be augmented
to 30,000 men.
The Madrid GazetU of the 27th ult. contains
a royal decree, authorizing the establishment
in the Isle of Cuba of a bank of issue and dis
count, with a capital of 3,000,000 piastres {the
piastre is about (i francs) in (J,000 shares. 1 he
authorization is to be for 25 years, and may be
t renewed.
The Boaton Suicide.
Boston, March 28.?An investigation of the ac
counts of the Merchants' Hank, caused by the
suicide of Thonia* W. Hooper, (as announced
yesterday,) the paying teller discloses no deficien
cies in his relations with that bank. He had used,
however, $60,000 of the bank's money, which he
had made good at the expense of the Atlantic
and Groeera' banks, by certifying to two cheeks,
drawn by A. S. Peabody, which, on his certificate,
were cashed, and the money drawn from those
two bank*, were used to make up his deficit ifkthe
Merchants' Bank.
Arrest of Recruits for tUe British Army.
Philadelphia, March 28.?The United Slates
Marshal this morning arrested twelve irten on
board of an outside steamboat bound for New
York, who hnd enlisted here into the BriUth uru y,
lor a fureign legion. The recruiting officer is to be
arrested. I
Prohibitory Liquor Law Vetoed.
Chicago, March 27.?The Governorof Wiscon
sin has vetoed the prohibitory liquor law just
passed by the Legislature
Death of an Ex-Senator.
Detroit, March 27.?Hon. Thomas Fitigerald,
formerly United States Senator from this State,
died on Sunday.
The Sloop of War Jameitown.
Philadelphia, March 28.?The Commodore of
the African squadron has written a letter from
Norfolk staling that the board of officers that held
the survey on the sloop of war Jamestown, have
prououueed her perfectly sea worthy and fit for
any cruise. See will sail as the flag-ship of the
squadron in eight days.
The Arrest of a United States Consul in
Cuba.
It was briefly mentioned by telegraph, a few
days ago, that Mr. Thompson, United States
Vice-consul or Commercial Agent, at Sagua la
Grande, had been brought to Havana, by two
of the civil guards, a prisoner. The Havana
correspondent of the New Orleans Picayune
furnishes the following particulars of the case:
"Mr. Thompson was employed by the Uui- -
ted Suites Consul, at Trinioad de Cuba, to act
as Consular Agent at Sagua la Grande. Some
days since the police authorities at this latter
place demanded to know by what right he
placed the arms of the United States over the
door of his office. He replied, that he was the
United States Consular Agent. His appoint
ment was then asked for, which, not wishing to
appear discourteous, he produced. He was
then ordered to take down the United States
arms, which he refused to do. A quarter of an
hour was then given him for that purpose.
After the lapse of rather more than that time,
the authorities again returned and ordered the
arms to be taken down. Mr. Thompson asked
for time to consult the United States Consul at
Trinidad, which reasonable request was re
fused.
" Upon his expressing his determination not
to remove the United States coat of arms,"a
ladder wa? procured by the police, and the coat
of arms was, by them, taken down, and notice
was given Mr. Thompson to prepare himself
within two hours to proceed to this city, lie
asked for a longer period to arrange his affairs,
which was refused him, and at the lapse ot that
time he was compelled to come a prisoner to
this city, having had to ride sixty miles on'
horseback before he reached the railroad, the
guardias civiles, whoso prisoner he was, being
changed at each partido. True is it that Spain
refuses to recognize the United States Consular
agents in this island; but, nevertheless, were
Mr. Thompson a simple citizen of the United
States, such treatment as is above related is
unjustifiable. Spain ought to be taught that
the authorities of Cuba must act as civilized
men, otherwise no one professing allegiance to
the United States will be able to live here."
Mr. Thompson, on arriving at Havana, wait
ed upon the Captain General, who set him at
liberty upon parole, to appear when called up
on to be examined before some of tho tribu
nals in that city.
Xlloody Tragedy.? Recently, in New Orleans,
St. Charles street and the surrounding neighbor
hood were thrown into a mate of intense excite
ment by a most sanguinary affray, which occurred
in a billard saloon attached to the St. Charles hotel,
which resulted in the instant death of two men?
Dr. Horatio Parsons and John Duffy. The first
was kil'ed accidentally, and it is not exactly known
by whom] and the latter was slain intentionally
by Wm. C. Harrison, who discharged six shots at
him, one of which took effect in Duffy's breast,
penetrating the heart. It appears that an enmity
had for a long time existed between Duffy and
Harrison, growing out of the fact that on ihr trial
of Duffy, some four vears ago, for the murder of
Dr. Weymouth, in Theatre Alley.
TRENCH'S ENGLISH, PAST AM)
Present. Life of Seward, with selections.
Just published and for sale Ht
TAYLOR & MAURY'S
Mar 20 Bookstore, near 9th st.
GREAT ATTRACTION;
I PREMIUM DAGUERREOTYPES taken at
STEWART'S Gallery, Pennsylvania ave
nue, over Gait's Jewelry Store.
Pictures in best quality of cases from 50 cents
and upwards.
We invite the public to call and judge for them
selves. March 17?dlmo
TO PERSONS ENTITLED TO
BOUNTY LAND,
Under the Act of Congress, March 3<7, 1855.
HAVING prepared a supply of blank forms sui
table for every description of applications for
land warrants, the subscriber is prepared to furnish
claimants, per mail, or otherwise, with the neces
sary forms (and instructions as to the required evi
dence) for obtaining bounty land warrants granted
under the "act of Congress, March 3d, 1855."
All persons having served in any cwpacity in
the army or navy while engaged in any of the
wars of this country, (if dead, their widows or mi
nor children,) are entitled to 160 acres of land, or
the proportion, if they have received less than
that amount under any previous act.
Claims of all descriptions prosecuted befefre any
of the Departments of the General Government.
^s?~Agents at a distance will find it greatly to
their advantage to co?respond with the under
signed. E WAITE,
Mar 18. 362 Eighth Street. Washington.
PIANOS, PIANOS!?We have now In
store the largest and most reliable stock of
1'ianos ever offered in this eity, from the justly re
nowned manufactories of Mallet, Davis Sc Co.,
Boston; Bacon & Raven, New York; and Knat*.
Gaehle Ac Co., Baltimore; ranging in prices from
S225 to 9&00.
In addition to those in store, we have on exhi
bition at the Metropolitan Mechanics' Fair, at the
Smithsonian Institute, four superb Pianos, made
expressly to our order for this Exhibition, any of
which we will dispose of on reasonable terms.
Also on hand, Guitars, Violins, Flutes, Acoord
eons, Melodeons, Banjos. Strings, Music, Arc.
Remember, at the Piano, Music, Stationery,
l Perfumery, and Fancy Goods Store of
JOHN F. ELLIS,
306 Tenn. avenue, near 10th street,
l Feb 25? 3t .
A' LEXANDEH BAKER'S (late of Va.
Potomac House, Pennsylvania avenue, a
| jew doors eaat of street, Washington.
I Sep 21?U
Jtocal anb personal.
Sharp Silioutiiijj.-- AIhjuI two w??Lt b|j'o, Mr.
L. P. Bayne, one oi? the firm of Seldeo, Wither*
and Company, published a statement, in reply to
Mr. John C. Rive*, the proprietor of the Glob*
newspaper, who, according to the language of
Mr. Bay-iie, " thought tit to assail the members of
the firm, through the columns of his paper, and
to charge upon th?in corruption ant/ dishonesty in
their failure, aud in the disposition of their assets.
Mr. Bayne, in response, charged that Mr. Hives
acted " under the promptings of unworthy mo
tives." and " hus not hesitated wantonly and reck
lessly to violate truth "
To the statement of Mr. Bayne, Mr. Rives re
plies in his paper of yesterday, and has five col
umns and a half of words to say upon the subject,
and in defense of his former assertions concerning
thu banking transactions of the late firm, lie
thinks "they will be iu their winding sheets be
lore the company wind up by paying all their just
debts at par." And says many hard things of the
late firm.
Whatever may be the merits of the controversy,
we judge that Mr. Rives is well ammunitioned,
judging from the language of his postscript, in
which he says: "I have another 'buck load' in
me, made up of drop-shot, buck-shot, grape shot,
and slugs, which I do not intend to fire off" unless
[ am again attacked."
The Dullness of the Times is a general com
plaint. The continued cold weather acts ns a bar
to building operations; and many idle mechanics,
engaged in the mi<iiu of that ?1?- ]
scription of business, are anxiously awaiting the
"opening of the season." Here and there, how
ever, laborers are digging for the foundation of
tenements, and materials are being hauled with a
view to future erections on the premises. The
ring and click of the trowel, and the "noise and
confusion" attending the construction of houses,
constitute mu*ic lor the stirring, out-door man of
business; grateful to his ears as the chirping of
the birds to the lover of nature, on the unfolding
of the vernal vegetable beauties.
If any person elsewhere wishes to live in a
city of more than fifty thousand inhabitants,
where he can, for a time, enjoy that rest and quiet
which is characteristic of a country town, Wash
ington is, just now, the place for him ; though,
we trust, and believe, that, eie long, the monotony
which now pervades the metropolis will be meas
urably relieved by business operations.
Porcine Amusement.?Among the "attrac
lions''at the circus, on Tuesday night, it was im
posingly announced in the bills of the day, that a
greased pig would be let loose in the circle, and
that the person who should first catch and hold it
by the tail would be entitled to the properly!
This is denominated " sport for the million."
Anybody was free to enter. The bare announce
ment of such an entertainment carries with it a
severe commentary liom every right-thinking und
respectable person. The foot race the nigut pre
vious was refined, and even classical, in compari
son.
Upward of twenty gentlemen, as announced
from the stage, were the contestants for thn pig.
The circus company closed its brief season last
night; not, however, thereby occasioning univer
sal regret.
The Poisoning Case.? In the Criminal Court,
yesterday, Phernellu Skinker and Delia Hazel
were arraigned on the charge of poisoning Cassy
Williams, and other members of her family, about
two weeks ago.
ft appears from the testimony of Mrs. Williams,
that, a week before the poisoning, she had a dis
turbance with Mrs. Hazel, who, on that occasion,
pursued.her with a black boltl?, threatening to
kill her with it, or to have satisfaction, evewif she
went to the Penitentiary for it.
The boy who bought the nrsenic at the store of
Mr. Callan was identified by the clerk of the estab
lishment.
The trial was not concluded when the court ad
journed.
Trldeum.? In the Catholic churches of this
city there has been observed, this week, a Trxdeum,
or three days devotion, on occasion of the formal
official promulgation of ihe dogmatic definition of
the immaculate conception of the Virgin Mary.
Each church had its own exercises. These con
sisted of Holy Mass and otfice of the Incarnation ;
Holy Mass st^ng, and instruction on the devotion
to Mary; visit to the blessed sacrament and to
the shrine of Mary; and Ro-ary of' the Blessed
Virgin, instructions and benediction of the Most
Holy Sacrament.
Fire.?On Tuesday night, about eleven o'clock,
the dwelling-house of Mr. Joseph Cross, in the
Seventh ward, was destroyed by fire, during the
absence of the family. It is supposed that a live
coal fell on the floor, and produced the conflagra
tion. The furniture was saved by the neighbors.
In this case, as in many others heretofore, the tire
men could not obtain water for their apparatus.
Hook and Ladder Company.?In the Board
of Common Council, on Monday night, a bill was
passed, appropriating five hundred dollars for the
purchase of apparatus for the American Hook and
Ladder Company, recently organized in this city
The operations, if properly conducted, cannot fail
to be of advantage in cases of fire.
Ilounty Lauds.?At least six thousand appli
cations have already been received at the Pension
Office, for land under the " Old Soldiers' bill," and
every day the number is largely augmenting.
Claim agents and attorneys all over the Union
are hard at work hurrying up the documents for
the action of the proper governmental depart
ment. _
The Weather, for several days past, has been
clear, cold, and cuttingly windy, with no vernal
characteristics whatsoever. Between twelve and
one o'clock, yesterday afternoon, there was a very
slight fall of snow, as if to remind us that, though
one month of the spring season is almost gone,
winter is still lingering in the rear.
Patent*.?During the week ending the 27th
instant, thirty-six patents were iasued from the
United Slates Patent office, Among them is one
for '"improvement in coffins." There are none for
firearms, as last week," but two for improvement
in cultivators, and one for improvements in grain
and grass harvesters, and another for improve
ment in seed planters, having reference to the
arts of peace and to the support of life.
Rev. W. H. Mllburn.?The many friends of
this gentleman, who was chaplain to the late
House of Representatives, will be pleased to learn
that be was, recently, delivering a c >urse of lec
tures in Chsrleston, South Carolina,to large audi
tories.
Hon. James Mason, the Commissioner of
Patent*, has left the city for a short visit to Iowa
S. T. Shugart, the Chief Clerk, will serve as acting
Commissioner during his absenoe.
*
Judiciary Square.?A large number of trees
has just been planted nronnd tho square. They
will prove quite ornamental and afford a grateful
i shade.
Willie P. Mangum, Jr., haa been admitted
| to the bar of the criminal court as an attorney and
| counsellor at law.
SITUATION WANTED. ? JBy a young
Frenchman, who conic* well recoiuim-nded
as a waiter in a hot^l orlamily, or Valet tie Cham
bre. Apply Ml llns office.
Mar 15
NORTH AND SOUTH, by the author of
"Mary Barton," "The Moorland Collage,"
" Crawford," flee. 37J cents.
Ki^gs and Queen*, or Life in the Palace, by
John S. C. Abbott, new edition, jual received and
for sale by ^ R. FAHNHAM.
Match 3
T7U)K KENT, OH SALE?The Modern
I Four-story BRICK HOUSE on Thirteenth
street, near E, eust aide. The bouse is in good
repair?dry cellars; and to a good tenant the rent
will be low. Possession given November 1st.
Apply to
JAS. C. McGUIRE,
Oct 29?if Auctioneer.
CASH MUSIC AM PIANO 8T0R8
OF
ZZOHA.OU WATERS
No 333 Broadway, New York.
OPPOSITION TO T1IE COMBINATION.
MUSIC AT GREATLY REDUCED RATES.
Notwithstanding the combi
bination of Music Dealers 'o keep up the
prices of noa copyright music against the interests
of Native Composers, and their refusal to extend
to Mr. Waters the courtesies of the trade; he is
making immense sales?having abundant evi
dence that he has public counieuauce and sup
port in his opposition to the Great Monopoly, and
in his efforts to aid Native Talent, and adopt the
National Currency. His stock of Americau and
European Music is immense, and the catalegu*
of his own publications is one of the largest and
best selected tn the United States. He has also
made a Great Reduction in the Prices of Pianos,
Melodeons, and Musical Instruments ot all kinds.
Superior toned GJ Orl'Vi Pianos for $175, $200,
and $2*5, interior of as good quality, and instru
ments US Strung nu *r mn?t>w inure ?ruu u
cost $500. Pianos of every variety of style and
price, up to $1,000, comprising those of Ten dif
ferent manufactories; among jhein the celebrated
modern improved Horace Waters Pianos, and
the first premium ^Eoleau Pianos of T. Gilbert
Jc Co's. make (owners of the iEolean Patent.)
Second-hand Pianos at great bargains. Prices
from $40 to $150. Melodeons from five different
manufactories, including the well-known S. D. Ac
H. W. Smith's Melodeon*, (tuned the equal tem
perament.) Th\; Best Make in the United States.
Prices $45, $00, $15, $100, $115, $125. $135, $150.
Smith's Double Bank Melodeons' $200. Each
Piano and Mel deon guarantied. The best terma
to the trade, schools, &c 12* per cent, discount
to Clergymen and Churches. All orders promptly
attended to. Music sent to all parts of the coun
try, post paid, at the reduced rates. General and
select Catalogues and Schedules of prices of Mu
sical Instruments forwarded to any address free
of charge. ?d3ui
BROWN AND SHOOK,
GENERAL COMMISSION AND FORWARD1NO MER
CHANTS, richmond, VA.
And Agents for "Kerr's" "Summerdtan" Old Rye,
and P. Hanger'a "Old Rye" Whisky. Premium
brands. ... ,
All letters promptly answered, and orders filled
Feb 20?3m
TO MEMBERS of Congress and Others ?
Silver S|Mon>, Forki, Ac.?M. W. GALT
& PRO. invite special attention to their slock of
pure Silver Table, Dessert, and Tea Spoous and
Forks, Ladles, Butter Knives, and all other arti
cles of pure Silver Ware, which is larger and more
varied than ever ollered to their customers.
M. W. GALT <Sc BRO.
324 Pennsylvania avenue, bet. 9th and 10th sts
Feb 24?If
able cutlery, albata fokks
and Spoons, dtc.?Just received a large as
sortment of superior Table Cutlery of every va
riety.
Also, every style of the finest quality Albata
Forks, Spoons, Tea Sets. Caku Baskets, Castors,
Jrc , which will be found the best substitute for
real silver ever discovered.
M. W. GALT Ac BRO,
324 Penn. avenue, between 9tii and 10 streets.
Feb 16?3tif
AW PARTNERSHIP.?Supreme Court
of the United States.?110 BER 1 J. WALKER
and LOUIS JAMN have formed a copartnership
under the name of '-Walker Ac Janin," for the
argument ot cases in the Supreme Court of the
United States, at 'Washington city, where both
will attend throughout the future sessious of that
court. Th?\ mihv be addressed at Washington,
New York, oi .'?? w Orleans.
Jan 19?eo3m
4 6 "TVTILES* REGISTER" for '?American
State Papers."?A complete set of Niles'
Register, 70 volumes, or auy other books, will
be given in exchange for the ''American State
Papers" and "'American Archives," or they will
be purchased at a liberal price.
TAYLOR hi MAURY,
14 Near 9th street.
fsTr I N G CARDS Printed at Short
Notioe, and Plates beautifully; engraved in
every style. W, C. ZAN TZlNttER,
Adjoining Kirk wood House.
Dec 7?3taw4wif
COURT OF CLAIMS, Ac.
CHARLES LEE JONES, in addition to his
ordinary practice in the Circuit Court of th?
District of Columbia, will practice la the Supreme
Court of the United States and in thfr newly-con
stituted court for the investigation of claims against
the United States In the management of cases
before the Supreme Court, and tn the prosecution
of claims befoi* the newly-constituted Court d\
Claims, his fuller. General Waller Jones, though
mostly retired from general practir*, will unite
with him, and do his best to advance the success
of clients, by written statements and arguments,
and by all other needful and proper exertions.
Office 3<l street, near Pennsylvania avenue.
March 10?3awlmif
GENTLEMEN'S DRESS SHIRTS, ot
best quality. -A large assortment, at the
lowest market prices, constantly on hand,
WALL ic STEVENS,
322, Penn. ivcmix, next door to Iron Hall.
Jan 5 ? (News.)
Modern languageh^-d. E.Groux,
a native of France, teacner of Modern l^an
yuages, especially French, Spanish, and Germanj
Translations made with correctness and punctu|
altty. Professor of Numesmatics, for the classtfi
cation and explanation of medals niyi coins
Pennsylvania nvenne, south side, between Wfe
and 7th streets, opposite Brown's Hetel.
Furnished Rooms to rem at that place.
Sep 21?dtf
CROW QUILLS.? Further supply of th?
bundles just received at
TAYLOR & MAURY'S
PROPERTY AGENCY.
CHAS. P. WANNALL,
AGENT FOR BUYING AND SELLING
REAL ESTATE.
Corner N. York Ave. Ac 9th St., Washington, D C
The Collection of House Rents and other Ac
counts promptly attended to.
REFERENCES:
John W. Mavry, S. Bacon Ac Co.
Murray Ac Skmmks, Clagett, NewtonAcCo
Wm. M. Shi:stkrAc Co. J. Ac G. S. Gideon.
Nov 18?tf
Watches, jewelry, silver
and Plated Ware at Reduced Prices.?In
anticipation of the approaching dull season, we
offer our entire stock of elegant Gold Watches,
Rich Jewelry, Pure Silverware, Arc, at greatly
reduced rates.
Perrons would do well to esamire our as*ort
ment, which is by far the largest, most fashionable,
and best selected ever offered to our etistomers.
M. W. GALT Ac BRO.,
324 Penn. avenue, between 8th and 9th streets.
Feb 16?3tif
rviHB PEASANT BOY philosopher
I by Henry Mavhew. price 75cants.
The Essence of Christianity, by Ludwig Fener
bach, translated front the second German edition
by Marion Evans, translator of Straus's Life of
Jesus, price $1 25.
Travels in Europe and the East, by Samuel
Ireneus Prime, two volumes, price two dollars.
Just published and for sale at
TAYLOR & MAURY'S
March 2-1 Bookstore, near 9th street.
OFKKIALARMY AND NAVY REGIS
TER for 1855.
The Navy Register for the United States for the
year1856.
Official Army Register for 1855.
Just published and for sale at
TAYLOR & MAURY'S
Feb. 27 Bookstore, near 9%k street.

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