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Washington sentinel. [volume] (City of Washington [D.C.]) 1853-1856, March 31, 1855, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82014835/1855-03-31/ed-1/seq-1/

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fJIasljiitgtun $ntUuil
lrt J'UUI.ISllLU TKl WttkLT and WtEKLV UV
BEVERLEY TUCKER AND WM. M. OVERTON
Warii'j Building, tt-nar the Cujntol,
CITY OP WASUINOTOM.
TERMS.
Tri Weekly 0 00
Weekly 2 00
To Clubs ok Individual, subscribing for
live or more copies?
Tn-Weekly, per annum, iu advance J3 00
Weekly " " 1 50
Q7I*oMiiiA?ter? are requesled to act as agent'.
VOL. 2.
TRI WEEKLY
CITY OF WASHINGTON, SATURDAY M0RKIK
mm.
NO. 76.
M iRChll, 1855 7
9
Iffejjingtim Sentinel.
TERMS OF ADVERTISING.
One square (twelve lines) 1 insertion.. 90 fO
I M M u 2 " .... 75
i " M ? 3 ? .... 1 00
M ' M ? 1 week 9 00
" " " 1 month 0 00
^?"?Business cards, not exceeding six lines, for
, uot less than six months, inserted at half price.
Yearly advertisements subject to special ar
rangement. ?
I Long advertisements at reduced rates.
I Religious, Literary, and Chariuble notice
sorted gratuitously.
All correspondence on business must be prepaid
SULCCT CLASSICAL aud Mathematical
Scuool.?The subscriber bus removed his
school to College Hill, where a commodious build
jog is being lilted up for its reception.
As the Preparatory Department of the Colum
bian College, it will continue to preserve the char
acter of a strictly select school, detigned for lay
ing the foundation of a thorough English, Classi
cal, and Mathematical education. The next ten
don will commence on the 12th of September, and
close on the last of June. ?
Terms: $12 50 per quarter, payable iu advance.
At a small additional charge, the students will
l>c permitted to attend the Lectures delivered in
College on Chemistry, Geology, and Mineralogy,
and also to receive instruction iu French and other
Modern Languages by the Professor in that de
partment.
Pupils may be boarded at the College, under the
special care and superintendence of the Principal.
The necessary expenses of a full hoarding student
will be about $190 per academic year, and of a
weekly boarder w ill not exceed $150.
GEORGE S. BACOH, Principal,
^^tefers to the Faculty of the Columbian College;
J. L. Edwards, Col. Peter Force, Win. Gun
, tfh, Esq.; L. D. Gale, M. D., of the Patent Office;
Joseph Wilson, Esq., of the Land Office; and Pro
' fessor C. C. Jewett,of the Smithsonian Institute.
Sep 21?tf
STONE (fclfAKltV.?I am prepared to fur
nish from gay quarry, opposite the Little Falls
and adjoining the quarry of the late Timothv
O'Neale, any qunntityof stone that maybe needed
for building purposes. Apply to the undersigned
at his house on H, between 19th and 20th streets,
in the First ward, or to Mr. Paiue, at the quarry
July 27 WILLIAM P. SCOTT.
COMMENTARIES on the Jurisdiction
Practice, and Peculiar J urisprudence of the
Courts of the United Stales, vol. 1, by George
Ticknor Curtis. ?
History of the Crusades, their Rive, Progress,
and Results, by Major Proctor, of the Royal
Military Academy.
Cu mining's Leclurcs on the Sewn Churches.
On sale at
TAYLOR 5c MAURY'S BooUtore,
Nov 10 near 9th street.
TO MEMBERS OF CONGRESS AND
STRANGERS.
"YX7" ATCIIES.?Members of Congress and
W others in want of perfect timekeepers would
do well to make their selections at once, in order
to test their quality before leaving the ci'y.
Our assortment for both Ladies nnd Gentlemen
was never so complete as at present, embracing
every description, which we offer unusually low.
m. w galt & Brother.
Penn. aveuue, between 9th and 10th streets.
Jan 18
VARIETY BOOT AND SHOE STORE,
r AIMES ALPINE BOOTS?Just re
1 J ceived a superior let of Ladies' Black and
Brown Alpine Boots, together with a large and
general assortment of Ladies, Gents, Misses,
Boys, Youths, and Children's Boots and Shoes
for sale by GEO. BURNS,
340 Pennsylvania avenue,
Adjoining Patterson's Drug Store.
Dec 1 (News.)
VARIETY BOOT AND SHOE STORE.
Quilted bottom and patent lea.
TilEU BOOTS.?The undersigned has
just received a fine assortment of the above Boots
Ilis general assortment of Boots and Shoes for
Gentlemen is large, embracing all the modern
styles. Great care has been taken to have
ihem made of the best material and workmanship.
Purchasers will find it to their advantage to give
him a call.
GEO. BURNS,
" 340 Pennsylvania avenue,
Adjoining Patterson's drug-store.
Dec 1 (News)
rp II E SONS OF THE SIRES, A HIS- |
I tory of the Rise, Progress, and Destiny ot
the American Party, and its probable influence
%n the next Presidential election, to which is ,
added a Rev ew of the Letter of the Hon. Henry
A. Wise against the lvqpw-nothings, by an Ame
rican.
The History of Mason and Dixon's Line, con- I
tained in an Address delivered by John H. B. 1
Latrobe, of Maryland, before the Historical So- |
ciety of Pennsylvania, November 8, 1854.
Mirana Elliot, or the Voice of the Spirit, by S.
M. 11
Autobiography of Charles Caldwell, M. D.. with
a Preface, Notes, and Appendix, by Harriet W. '
Warner.
Just received and for sale by
R FARNHAM,
Corner of Penn. avenue and 11th street.
Feb 15
D
H
HARPEIl'S MAGAZINE for September is
a magnificent number, filled with superior
engravings, and for sale at Shillinoton's book
?tore.
The great Illustrated Magazine of Art for Sep
tember is one of the best that ha* been issued.
Leslie's Ladies' Gazette for September contains
all the new Fall fashions.
The Knickerl?ocker Magazine for September
Godey's Lady's Book. Graham's Magazine, a nr.
Putnam's Magazine, all for September, received
and for sale at
SHILLINGTON'S Bookstore,
PTT 111! FAII.IJKE of Free Society.?Soci
I oloey for the South, or the Failure of Free
Society, by George Fitzhugh. On sale at
TAYLOR & MAUR.V'8
Book Store, near 9th street.
ANIEL W EBSTKM.??Messrs* Taylor
- . Ac MAURY haw a few of the original *nl>
?cribers' copies of the works of Daniel Webster,
printed on very fine imperial paper, in which Mr.
Webster inscribed his name. Six volumes;
price $20.
T. & M. are the only l>ookse1lers in the United
&Htes who have any copies in their possesion.
Mar 11 Bookstore near 9th st.
FINE WATCHES^sTH 1(11 JEWELRY.
O. HOOO, Pennsylvania avenue, between
. 44 and 0th streets, has just returned from
the north with a good assortment of the most rich
? nd fashionable Jewelry in the market, which he
purchased for cash at very low prices, and now of
fers lor sale the same, at wholesnleor retail, much
cheaper than goods of like quality have ever been
?old for in this section of country. Please call at
bis store, sign ofthe large spread eagle.
N. B. Special attention paid to the repairing of
ne watches bv W. W. (lollinir*wnrth Apr 2
rp H E AMERICAN SPORTSMAN, Coti
1 taining Hints to Sportsmen. Notes on Sport
ing. and the Habits of the Game Birds and Wild
Fowl of America, by Elisha J. I/ewis, M. D., with
nuineroua illustrations For sale at
TAYLOR te MAURY'S
Jan. 4 Book Store, near Ninth street.
CI BNERAL AGENCY.?The anderslgncd
X most respectfully informs, by this notic%his
friends and the public in general, here and esle
where, that he has opened an Agency Office for
the prosecution of claims of every description
against the government, before the several depart
ments or Congress: procure pensions, bounty
laada. extra pay, and arrearage pay, and will at
tend to the buying and selling of real estate, the
renting of houses, and a general collecting busi
nesa; he will nlso furnish parties at a distance
with such information as they may desire from
the sent of government. Chargea will be mode
aate. Office, at present, will be on M near ISth
rtreet.
RcriKtlfcW.
Hon. J. C. Dobbin, Strrrtary of the Navy.
Hon. J. Davit, Secretary of War.
N. Callan, esq., r rertdent of the Board of Com*
mov Council. '
Gen. John M. McCalla, Attorney at Lav.
James II. Caustin, es^
W. C. Reddall, State Urnartment.
SAMUEL O. TAYLOR.
Jan 17?tf
(lONSBRVB and Preserved Conger and
j Chow-Chow, Altea and Choeng Loon'g, Can
tan, fresh importation. For sale by
SHEKELL BROTHERS,
No. 40, opposite ilia Centra Market.
PROSPECTUS
or THE
UNITED STATES TIMES,
A Weekly Newspaper to be published In
Washington City.
Tho undersigned, expecting soon lo retire Irom
the position be has for some time held asSuperin
tendentof the United States Census, intends to
devote himself to the control and management ot
the Ki;vu.w. of which, for the last nine years, he
has been the editor und proprietor, and to the
publication in the City of .Washington of a weekly
newspaper with the above title.
The material for this paper will consist, in part,
of selections or extracts front articles admitted
into the Review, but mainly of other original lite
rary, educational, industrial, and miscellaneous
matters, including digests of the current events ol
the day, Jiome and fdfeign; the proceedings ot
Congress and the acts of the Government; lite
rary uud scientific sketches and essays upon
leading and |>opu!ar topics; biographical sketches
of public men; d'gest of official reports, State and
federal; the slate of the markets in the several
arge cities; the progress and prospects of crops;
supply, demand, prices, etc.; the increase of the
country as shown by statistics, bringing down
those of the National Census always to date.
The object will be, through careful editorial
management and a large and well-selected'cor
respondence, to establish at the seat of govern
ment a Family Newspaper which siiall be adapted
to the wants of every community; imparting
musement and information, and political, only to
the extent of maintaining the institutions of the
country and defending ^he rights and sovereignty
of the Stnles.
The City of Washington, from the advantages
which it presents for obtaining material of every
kind, through the action of the Smithsonian Insti
tution, the Patent Office, and the National Agri
cultural Convention, etc., and the several Bureaus
ai.d Department* of Government, from its conti
j^uity to the large commercial cities, from the ex
tended, exciting, and all important interests that
concentrate upon it, is, perhaps, the most eligible
location for such a journal, and ample guarantees
of its success have already been received. It will
be printed in folio for the convenience of binding,
and similar in style to the New York Albion.
Terms: 12 fkr annum, in advance.
To Clubs, of 10 subscribers, at one post office,
515 in advnnce.
To Subscribers of DkRow's Review, not in
arrears, the Review aud Times together, $6 in
advance.
Advertisements on accommodating terms.
In order to increase the usefulness of the Re
view. which has now acquired a very extensive
circulation, it will b?* enlarged from 112 to 140 or
150 pages, and otherwise improved by additional
editorial assistance and an able corps ofcontribu
tors.
A monthly' historical digest of events will be
embraced in its pages, valuable for future referj
cnce.
The subscription price of the Rrview will re
main at $5 per annum, but for the convenience of
the large class of persons who may not desire
the whole work, or who may only solicit in
formation upon one or more of the subjects to
which it is devoted, it is in contemplation to make
a separate publication of the matter relating to
Agriculture ; auother of that relating to Manufac
ture*; a third to Internal Improvements ; a fourth
to Commerce; and a fifth to Education and Letters.
These publications will be but departments of the
whole work, and may be subscribed for separately
at SI per annum each. They will appear monthly
in haudsome periodical style, of from twenty-five
to thirty-two pages ; constituting an annual octavo
volume of 360 pages each, showing at a single
view and in a condensed form the whole results,
within the year, in the particular department, in
curown country and abroad, as the Review it^e'l
will show them in nil of the department* of indus
try and enterprike.
The Office of DeBow's Review will remain as
before at New Orleans, though a branch will be
located at Washington, which will be also the
main office ot' the other Journals, and may be
addressed at all times in regard to them. The
particular address of.the editor, whether Wash
ington or New Orleans, will be furnished from time
to time, in the work.
J. D. B. DEBOW.
Washington, Nov. 26, 1854.
/^rllcBow'i Industrial Resources, three
handsomely IxJund volumes upon the Progress
and Wealth of the United Slates, 1.800 pages royal
octavo, double columns, cl**ar print, library edi
tion, mny still be ordered. Price $6 delivered
at the expense of the author.
PKKMKrM HOOTS.?Cientlemeii are re
quested to call at my store, Browns' Hotel,
ami examine the fine ca?e of BOOTS that was
awarded the highest premium at the Metropolitan
Mechanics' Institute, manufactured by Godfrey
Co , Philadelphia. Please call early, as they
will be returned in a few d.iys. I have a fine as
sortment of Boots on hand and for sale from the
same establishment ; also, of C. Benkert's snd P.
Conrad's make, of Philadelphia, as well as my own
manufacture, comprising the largest and be?t se
lected stock of Boots that has ever been in the
market. JOHN MILLS.
Fashonable Bootmaker, Browns' Hotel.
March 18
READY MADE CLOTHING
AT RBV)UCEI> PRICE*?As the season
is advanced, we have determined to sell off
the remaining portion of our winter stock at
, greatly reduced prices; therefore gentleman wish
1 ing to consult economy in purchasing fine Over
j coats, Talmas Dress, Frock, and Business Coats;
Black and Fancy Cashmere Psnts; Velvet, Silk,
Satin, and Merino Vests; Under Shirts and
' Drawers, and all other ready made garments of
fine quality, will find our present variety to be as
j well assorted as in the beginning ol the aeason,
[ with the advantage of much lower prices.
WALL <fc STEPHENS,
999 Pa. avenue, next to Iron Hall.
Feb 24
1) I. ATliO TEA WMTS I have Juat re
! J(7 ceived some new styles Albata and Silver
j Plated Ware that I offer at manufacturer's prices :
| a!?o, a large assortment of Spectacles, of every
! description ; together with a good assoitment of
i pure Silver Ware, of my own manufacture, which
1 I will retail at wholesale prices.
H O. HOOD,
4l8Penn. avenue, bet. 4j and 6t!i sts ,
Sign of the I^arge Spread Kagle.
Feb 23?dlwif
WORk, or Plenty to (Jo and Hoars to
Do It, by M. M. Brewster, 1st and '^d series
I 75 cents.
Gratitude, an Expoaition of the 103d Psalm, by
j Rev. John Stevenson, 75 cents.
Sir Thomas Fowell Buxton, Bart, a study for
young men.
The Wife, or a Mirror of Maidenhood, by T
Binney. 90 cents.
The Friendships of the Bible, by Amicus, en
gravings, 55 cents.
GRAY RALLANTYNE.
Onion iiall,iioteland refeo
tory, C strwet, between 6th and 7th streets,
1 Washington F. J. W1LLSON.
W, II HEY WARD.
j Des. 19?if
wool) GAS.?CAUTION
BE It knowu that I, the subscriber ob
tained letters patent in December, 1851, for I
an apparatus for the destructive distillation ol (
wood, and the making therefrom of tar or pitch at i
pleasur?, and gas ; and that in the judgment o/
competent persons the invention of an appar
tus recently patented by W. D. Porter cannot be
used by him or any other person wiu.out infring
ing my said patent. And, further, that what is
patented by said Porter rightfully belong* to me,
as I expect to prove ere long before the United
State* Patent Office : and, further, that the use of
said Porter's invention iuvolves also a process
which I am now claiming before the United Slates
Patent Office, and which has been adjudged to be
patentable to the first inventor thereof, and which
said W.D.Porter has formally disclaimed, as ap
pears upon the public records of said office, ol
which an official copy is hereto annexed, and also
a copy of his claim*.
in the National Intelligencer of the 2uth instant
Mr. Porter anuouucea that be has secured by
patent the "exclusive right to making gas from
wood," and threatens prosecution 10 all parties
infringing his patent. 1 ask how this statement
comports with the fact of my patent of December,
1851, n?d how far the threat can intimidate under
such circumstances? Mr. Porter's Claim is based
upon a movable perforated diaphragm, and was
so understood by the Patent Office, as it appears
from the records of the Patent Office that his
claim was at first refused as interfering with a
prior patent to Robert Foulis, of Cauada, for an
equivalent contrivance. This clwim, as given be
low, and in which the perfsrated diaphragm is the
saving clause, is what Mr Porter culls securing
the "exclusive right to making gas from wood.
The statement carries absurdity on its front, and
is a libel on the good sense of the Patent Oitice
If such a claim or right had been granted, it would
forbid every coal-kiln and charcoal manufactory
,n the country.
The following copies of correspondence and
extracts from the records of the Patent Office wiLi
show the true state ol <le ease:
United States Patent OrticE,
An gust 25, lb54.
Sir. In reply to your letter of this date, asking
"if any patent has been granted to W. D. Porter,
dated 22d August, 1854, or at any other time, or
to any other person or persons, securing to him
or them " the exclusive right oj mak ing gas from
irood,' und whether any such claim was made by
W. D. Porter, under his application tor a patenl,
which letters patent were issued bearing the
above date, you are informed that W. D. 1 orter a
claims are believed to be c nlined to his appara
tus} and, futther, this office is not aware that a
patent has been granted heretofore for the esilu
sive right of making gas from wo*d It would,
however, be unjustiliable to expect me to make
au extended investigation to answer your re
quest.
1 am, respectfully, your obedient servant,
C. Mason, Commissioner of Patents.
W. P. McConaell, Esq.,
Care of Prof. C. G. Page, Washington, D. C
The United States Patent Office? '/* all persons to
whom thtse presents shall come, gretmg :
This is to certify that the annexed is a true copy
frem the files of this office ol an extract from ?
paper filed in the matter of the application ol W.
D. Porter for letters patent, in accordance with
which application letters patent were issued to the
said W. D. Porter on the 22d day of August,
eighteen hundred and fifty-four.
In testimony whereof, I Charles Mason, Com
missioner of Patents, have causcd the seal
of the Patent Office to be hereunto affixed
[L. s ] this 25th day of August, in the year of our
Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifty
four, and of the independence of the United
States the seventy-ninth. ? C. Mason.
Copy of disclaimer of W. D. rorter in h is applica
tion f0r "an improved rttll for making wood
gas,"filed August 5, 1854. Letters patent issued
August 22, 1854.
" 1 do not claim as my invention and discovery
the improvements in making gas trom ^'??^> v.'z*
subjecting the products of destructive distillation
therefrom to a high degree of heat, substantially
as has been described and for the purposes set
forth in the specification of W. P. McConnell.
The United States Patent Office?To all person* to
whom these presents shall come greeting ;
This is to certify that the annexed is a true copy
from the records of this office of an extract frcm
the specification of W. D. Porter s patent, issued
in the twenty second day of August, eighteen
hundred and fifty-four.
In testimony whereof, I, Charles Mason, Com
missioner of Patents, have caused the
seal of the Patent Office to be hereunto
affixed this twenty-fifth day ol August,
l'" * ' n the year of our Lord one thousand
eight hundred and fifty-four, and ol the
independence of the United Slates the
seventy-ninth. C. Mason.
Extract from Specification of W. D.
which letters patent were issued August , ,
Ci^im ?What I claim as my invention and de
sire to secure by letters patent is :
"The construction of a gas apparatus or still,
consisting ?f a metallic or other cylinder B, the
cones E and D, diaphram plate C, and exit pipe
F, substantially as described in the foregoing spe
cification, and shown in the accompanying draw.
The truth of the abevemay be ascertained from
the records of the Patent Office, to which all have
acceas. WM P McCONNELL
By his attorney CHAS. G. PAGE.
4 4 T)t>OR'!* K A1I.HOA I) MAP OF THE
X UNITED STATES."?This celebra
ted Map, recently eulogized by Lieutenant Mau
rv, in his "Virginia Letters," is on sale at
y' * TAYLOR 3r MAURY'3
pec i Bookstore, near Ninth street.
Russia as it i?, by count de gu?
rowski.
MEMOIRS, Speeches, and Writings, of Robert
Rantoul. jr., edited by Luther Hamilton.
SACRED POEMS AND HYMNS for public
? nd private devotion, by James Montgomery.
THE PLANTERS NORTHERN BRIDE, a
Novel, by Caroline Lee Ilcntz, with illustrations
from original designs, in 2 vols.
THE CHURCH, in a series of Discourses, by
Svlvester Judd, Pastor of Christ Church Maine.
HISTORY OF OLIVER CROMWELL and
the English Conun?nweali"h, from the execution
of Charles I. to the death of Cromwell, by M. G.
Guixot. translated by A. R. Scoble, in 2 vols.
HISTORY OF THE FRENCH PROTEST
ANT Refugees, from the Revocation of the Edict
of Nantes to our own days, by M. Charles Weiss,
Professor of History iu the Lycee Bonaparte, in 2
^VOICES OF THE NIGHT, by Rev. John Cnm
'" voiCES OF THE DAY, by Rev. John Cum
ming, D. D.
Just published and received at the l>ookstore el
R. FARNHAM,
Apr 15 Corner of llth st. and Tenn. av.
CHOOL HOOKS OF ALL THE KINOS
used in the District, blank books for compo
sition, pens, ink, slates, and everything requisite
for the schoolroom, for sale at low prices, by
GRAY 6f BALLANTYNE.
Apocalyptic sketch em.?Lectures
on the I took of Revelation, by the R?v. John
Cuinming, D. D.; 75 cents.
Benedictions, or the Blessed Life, by the llev.
J. Cumming, D. D.; 75 cents.
School Books and School Requisites at the low
est price, for sale at the ?>ookstore of
GRAY k RALLANTYNE,
On 7th street, near Odd Fellows' Hall.
Apr 12 f
| ^ X A !H P I' E* OK M ACHINER V AND
Mill-work?Being plans, sections, and eleva
tion of works in several departments of Machine
ry, Mill-work, and General Engineering, with de
ceptions oftheir construction, action. and practical
application to various branches of industry.
lust received and for sale at the Bookstore of
R FARNHAM,
Corner ofllth st. and Peno. avenue.
May 11
LONC. WOK III'8 Native Wine* and llian
dies. -I have just received, and keep con
stantly on hand, Sparkling and Dry Catawba, the
Sweet I.Miljrllit Wir.ea, and Catawba Brandy.
These Wines are made from ihe pure juice of (tie
grape, and pronounced to be the most wholesome
leverage in use. B. JOST, Agent.
Also, Importer and Dealer in all kinds of Wiries,
Liquor* and Cigars. 181 Pennsylvania Avenue.
Jan. 30?2aw3m*
MRS. A. M. MADDOX'S
Boarding house, no. 43t e street,
betwc-n Gth and 7th streets, near the corner
ot 7th street, Washington, D. C., is prepared to
accommodate BOARDERS by the month, week,
day, or meal. Residence Within two or three
minutes' walk of the Patent. General, and Citv
Post Office*.
Gentlemen can have Board with or without
Rooms. Dec 8?eotf
Y ALUABLE HEAL ESTATE FOR
Suiu?-Tho block of buiht. g* known as
" t!;c Union Building*,"'and now occupied by the
Union newspaper establishment. Tliey are situ. !
aled on E street, between 13th and 14th streets, !
and[fronting directly yn Pennsylvania avenue. The
Jut ib 70 lee I lront by 151)l*eet deep. The properly ia
susceptible of division and re-arrangement, and
its position such as must rank it among the best
business stands on the avenue, and is yearly in
creasing in value. The time of the present lessee
expires on the 1st September next, on which day
possession may had.
Also, that large three-story Brick House on 17th
street west, (opposite the War Office, and three
doors south of G street.)
Also, that three-story House on 17th street west,
next door to the Government Building, at tLe
corner of F and 17th streets.
Should the above property not be sold at privata
sale prior to the 15ih of May, it will be sold on
that day at public suction.
'1 erqis will be made favorable to the purchaser
APP'y ?o CH H. WINDER,
tvt l ~ Corner of 17th and G streets.
March 20?2awtl.'Way
Prospectus of de bow>s re
view, volumes XIV. and XV., adapted pri
manly to the southern and western States of the
Union, including statistics oI foreign and domestic
industry and enterprise. Published monthly in
New Orleans, at fit per annum, in advance.
,?flr A few complete sets of the work, thirteen
volumes, bound handsomely, (600 to GSO pages )
are lor sale at the office, New Orleans, deliverable
in_any ot the large cities or towns. Sep 7 tf
ME SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN, devo
ted to Industry, Science, and Mechanics.
Published weekly at 12* Fulton strevt, N. Y., (Sun
Buildings.) by Muun & Co.
Terms: $2 a year; SI in advance, and the re
matnder in six months.
TIIE~PEOPLE'S JOURNAL.
AN Illustrated Record of Agriculture, Me
chanics, Science, and Useful Knowledge
published monihly, by ALFRED E. BEACH No'
Nassau street. New York.
TERMS, FIFTY CENTS A VOLUME.
Sent by Mail to any part of the United States.
Every number contains 32 large pages of letter
press, beautifully printed on tine paper, and
Profusely Illustrated with Engravings.
Farmers, mechanics, inventors, manufacturers,
and people ol every profession, will find in the Peo
ple s Journal a repository ol valuable information
peculiarly suited to their respective wants.
Terms?To subscribers, Jifly caut a volume.
Subscriptions may be sent by mail in coin, post
office stamps, or bills, nt the risk of the publisher.
The name of the post office, oouniy, and State,
where the paper is desired to be sent, shoulj be
plainly written. Address, postage paid.
ALFRED E. BEACH,
No. S6 Nassau street, New York City
Two volumes are published annually.
Back numbers and volumes always on hand for
sale. Single copies 10 oents each, to be had at
nearly all the book and periodical stores in the
country.
THE PEOPLE'S PATENT OFFICE.
Inventors and others desiring to obtain letters
patent for inventions, are requested to communi
cate directly with the editor of the People's Jotx
nal, by whom all the necessary documents are
prepared, with the utmost fidelity and dispatch.
Patent business ol every deacription promptly at
tended to. Persons wishing for information rela
tive to patents or inventions, may at all limes con
sult the undersigned, tcukout charge., either per
sonally at his office, or by letter. To those living
at a distance, he would stnte, that all the needful
steps, necessary to secure a patent, can be ar
ranged by letter, just as well as if the party were
present. All consultations and business strictly
confidential. Patents promptly secured in Eng
land. fr ranee, and other foreign countries. For
patents in the United States, a model of the inven
tion ia always necessary. In aire it should not
exceed one cubic foot.
ALFRED E BEACH,
Editor of the People'a Journal, Patent Agent. Jte.,
No. Stf Nassau strfwM.^rw York.
LIME! I.I ME! LIME'?To Plasterers
?n<l Builder*.?We have now on hand, at
sLELV S Patent Kilns, one thousand barrels ol
Lurie, and are now making two hundred barrels
daily which we will sell on the best terms.
We would call the particular attention of plas
terers to this superior article of Lime. It ia free
from cosl cinders or other sediment, it being
burnt altogether by wood which makes it a vary
superior aiticle lor plaatering, white coating, and
bard finishing
Give us a call, and you shall be pleased.
_ , ? S. J. SEELY & CO.
July 27?tf
l^lm AH1> LYCBTT, Men., Hook-Hinder.
JLi 1 otomac Hall, corner of Eleventh-street aad
Maryland avenue, over Clarke's Drug store, Waah
inarton, D. C.
Every style of book-binding executed, oitber in
velvet, Turkey Morocco, Russia, or fancy colors
calf.
Periodicals and Mnsic neatly half bound.
Mr. Lycktt respectfully suggests to his friends
that while* much ha* been done 10 transmit family
records, little care has been taken to preserve pa
rental likenesses. Hetakos this method to inform
his friends, and th?>?e desirous of per|>et uating per
sonal remembrance*, that daguerreotype like
nesses can be inlaid on the inside covers of fami
ly bibles, presentation-books, or keepsakes, speci
mens ol which can be se?n at his bindery, or he
can lie addressed by letter, whichwill be promptly
attended to.
G1 HEAT COMPLAINTS having been
r made of the irregularity of the ruaning of the
l>oais between Washington and Alexandria, for
the accommodation of the public, the undersigned
has determined to run the steamer GEORGE
PAGE as follows, viz.:
From Washington, 6i. 8, 0|, and llJ %. ? ? 1 3,
and 4 J, p. m.
From Alexandria, 7J, &J, 10J, a. m : 121 2 4
and f4. p. m. ' '
Omnibuses connecting with the boat will leave
the corner of Seventh street and Pennsylvania '
avenue at 6, 7|, y*. and 11, a. m.; 12|, 2|, antl 41
p. m.
Nov 7? tf. GEORGE PAGE
SHIRTS 1 ShlrtaI? A fine assortment of
Gentlemen's Dress Shirts ot superior qualitv
for sale cheap by WALL & STEPHENS.
13 Pa. nv.. next door to Iron Hall
'*rpHE BLUE H<>OK"?Ofllelal Reirla
X It Of tlie United Wtntea, giving the
names of all Officeholders under the Government,
with their Salaries, Location, and time of appoint
ment. A few copies of the last edition still for
sale in Washington by
TAYLOR & MAURY,
Booksellers, near Ninth street.
P?c? $3 f>0. Sent, postage free, to any part of
ihe Lnited States excepting the Paeifin coast.
Feb 22
Ya l k n tTnk?, valentines. a
larga assortment just received and |br sale
W. C ZANTZINGER.
riMIIS is to give noticc tliat the following
X original Virginia Military Revolutionary Laud
I warrant#, viz:
I No. (ki'2 for 100 acre*, issued iu lh? name oI Danie
Thomas;
Np. 033 for 100 acres, issued in the name ol Thos
Cole;
No. 2,779 lor 100 acre*, issued in the name ol Dun
! can Brown;
! No. 848 for 100 acres, issued in the name of Thoa
Edwards,
i have been accidentally lost or destroyed, and 1
htreby notify all parties that 1 shall make applica
1 lion to the i-and Oliice (or the issue of scrip on
duplicates of said warrants, under the provisions
I ?>f the act of the 31st August, 185
A. NICOL,
Attorney for the Claimant.
Jan 10?3inlaw
FOR THE SPRING TRADE* Cent's Hu
biery anil Uiider-GarmentH.?ST EVENS,
Brown's Hotel, is now opening i? I'reah and Urge
variety of Gent'* Uudershttis ??<1 Drawer*. Also,
o large assortment of silk ami cotton I lull-llo??:.
plain and fancy. SI EVENSS
Pel, v>4? jit Sales Room, Brown * Hotel.
LATER years, by the Author ol the
Old House l>v the It.ver."'
Mr. Rutherford's Children, second volume.
Pebbles from the Lake Shore, or Miscellaneous
Poems, by Charles Lcland Potter, A. M.
General Notions of Chemistry, translated from
the French, by Edmund C. Evans, M. D.
The Land of the Saracens, by Bayard Taylor.
Brushwood picked up on the Couiineut; or
Lasi Summer's Trip to the Old World, by Orvilie
Horwitz. ... ...
Discovery of the Sources of the Mississippi
River, by Henry R. Schoolcraft.
Dana's Minrealogy.4th edition.
The above are selected from a large arrival of
new books at TAYLOR. Ac MaUR\ S
Dec o Bookstore, near 9th st
The Sew York and Liverpool United States
Mall Steamers.
The ships comprising this line are :
The Atlantic Captain West.
The Pacific Captain Nye.
The Baltic Captain Comstock.
These ships having been built by
, contract, expressly for govemuieut
,-crvice, every care has been taken
UMH^^wmf-lritcuon, as also iu their engines, to
insure strength and speed, and their accomuio*
dalions for passengers are uuequalied for ele
gance and comfort.
Price of passage from New \ork to Liverpool,
ill first cabin
In second cabin, $75. Exclusive use of extra sized
state rooms
. From Liverpool to New York 30 and 20guineas.
An experienced Surgeon attached to each ship.
No berth secured until paid for.
PR0PO8KI) PATES OF s AtLiNO
Fro/M Nkw York From Liverpool.
Wed'dav. . n,lS51 Saturday.. Dee. 10,1*54
WcJ'day. .Jan. 10, 1 S55 Saturday. .Dec : 0. 1354
Wed i uy. .Jan. 24, 1855 Saturday. .Jan 13,1855
Wed'di ..Feb. 7.1855 Saturday. .Jan. 27, 1855
Wed'da/. .Feb. 21, 1855 Saturday. .Feb. 1<?, 1855
Wed'day.. Mar. 7, 1855 Saturday.. Feb 24, 1855
For fre ght or I>a sag<-, apply to
LD WARD K. COLLINS,
No. 5Wall st'eet, N. Y.
BROWN, "SHIPLEY At Co.,
Liverpool.
R. G. ROBERTS Ac Co.,
13 King's Arms Yard. London
B. G. WAIN WRIGHT Ar Co,
Paris.
GEO. H. DRAPER, llnrre.
The owners of these ships will not be accminta
Me for gold, silver, bullion, specie, jeweflJT pre
cious stones, or metals, unless bills ol lading are
signed therefor, and the value thereof therein ex*
pressed. ^un ^
SCOTT'S WEEKLY PAPER.?The pub
lisher of this large and popular family journa
offers for the coming year (18o4) a combination oi
literary attractions heretofore unattended by any
of the Philadelphia weeklies. Among the new
features will be a new and brilliant series of origi
nal romances by George Lippard, entitled Legends
of the Last Century. All who have read Mr. Lip
pard's celebrated " Legends-of the American Revo
lution," published for fifty-six consecutive weeks
in the " Saturday Courier,'1 will find these pictures
of French and American history endowed with all
the power and brilliancy of his previous produc
tions. The first of a series of original novellette*,
called Morris Hartley, er the Knights of the Mystic
Valley, by Harrison \V. Ainswortb, is about to be
commenced. It will be handsomely illustrated by
twelve fine engravings, and its startling incidents
cannot fail to elicit undivided praise. Emmerson
Bennett, the distinguished novelist, and author ot
Viola, etc., etc., i? also engaged to furnish a bril
liant novellette to lollow the above. Mrs. Marv
Andrews Denison, author of Home Pictures, Pa
tience Worthington and her Grandmother, etc.,
will continue a splendid domestic novellette, eu
titled the Old Ivy Grove, and H. C. Watson an
illustrated story called the Two Edged Knife?a
graphic picture of early life in Old Kentucky. To
these will be added original contributions and se
lections fmn Mrs. Caroline Lee Hentz, Clara
Clairville, Lille Lilberne, Mrs. Stowe. Grace Green
wood, and other distinguished writers; the news
of the day, graphic editorials, full reports ot the
provision, money, and stock markets, letters from
travelers at home aud abroad, etc., etc.
Terms?One copy one year $2 ; two copies one
year $3 ; four copies one year S5; nine copies one
year, and one to the getter up of the club, $10;
twenty copies one year and one to the getter up
ot the club, $20.
Address A. SCOTT. Publisher,
No. Ill Chestnut St., Philadelphia.
GREAT EXCITEMENT IN NEW YORK
Pianos and Melodeous for Cash.
HORACE WAlEKS, the great Music and
Piano Forte dealer. 333 Biosdway, Nrw
York, prefering to share a large per cent, with his
customers, rather than nay it to the sharpers ot
Wall street, to raise available mean* to enable him
to stem the present tight times,ofl'ers his immense
assortment oi elegant and warranted Pianos and
Melodeons at a large discount from factory prices,
for cash. His assortment comprises Pianos from
three of the largest and most celebrated Boston
manufactories; a I ?o those of several of the best
New York makers, including the beautiful and
much admired Horace Waters Pianos from his i
own factory, and Melodeons of the best Boston. I
New Haven, New York, and Buffalo makes; af
fording an opportunity for selections not to be hail
elsewhere Each instrument warranted. Second
hand Pianos at great bargains?prices from $60 to
to $160. Music and musical instruments of all
kinds. Dealers, teachers, and heads of school*
supplied on the best terms. Music sent by mail,
post paid. General and select catalogues of mu
sic and schedule of factory prices of Pianos, Melo
deons and musical instruments forwarded to any
address, free of postage.
Sept 21?d.'lm
Shirts hi ade to order.?stevens
Brown's Hotel, is prepared to make Shirts to
measure, and warrants them in all cases to fit.
Gents troubled with bad fitting Shins can be
? sWenss
Dec 7_3iii Salesroom, Brown s Hotel.
riUYLOK MAURY have the honor to
announce the completion of preparations for
the festive season. In addition to their ordinary
stock, (which has always been characterized by
elegance and variety,) they have received?
A choice selection of beautifully illustrated and
tastefully bound Book*.*
Articles of" vert it,'' in Porcelain, Bronze, and
other manufacture.
Writing Desks, in papier msche and rosewood.
Card Baskets, Inkstands, Ladies' Cabas.
Cigar Stands and Cstes, l'ortemonnaies. ,
Tsn-r Stands, Acc.
Together with a general assortment of novelties
remarkable for a combination of the usetul wiih
the ornamental, at prices suitable to the artisan or
millionaire.
Rook and Stationery store, near 0th street.
I Dac 21
A Sceue of Warning. *
Therr stood yesterday morning, before the
1 bar of the Court of Sessions in this city, a man
young in years, respectable in dress, intelligent
and honest in countenance, but bis eve was
dov ncast, and his cheek was blanched. He
stood there a convicted felon, but unlike hun
dreds who are constantly occupying the same
ignominious place, crime had not hardened liis
soul into defiance, and even in the depth aud
blackness of his guilt, there was still one
chord of genuine feeling which responded to
the touch of shame and self-condemnation, and
caused the eye to fail and the cheek to pale.
The crime of which he stood convicted was
forgery?forgery on a banking institution to a
large amount, and executed with a skill which
had made it successful. "William Kissane,"
said the judge to the felon, " have you any
thing to say whv the sentence of the law
should not be pronounced upon you." And
with a trembling voice the felon answered:
" I fully deserve any penalty which may be
indicted upon me. Two years ago I was living
happy with my family in Ohio, respected by
till. But in one fatal hour I committed that
for which I am now lo receive my sentence,
aud my family to be cast upon the world, who
will shudder at the name 1 bear. Yet it is my
own fault. Had I paused and pondered, 1
should not have been here, and you would
have been saved the unpleasant duty which
you are compelled to do. I must have been iu
a dream when I committed the crime."
William Kissane, the forger, was in a dream
when he yielded himself to crime?a dream in
which hundreds such as be, who up to a certain
period had lived and were proud to live a life,
of honesty and industry, have been before him
?a dream in which visions of passions grati
fied, aud speculation on a dazzling road of
success, maddened the soul into the desire for
gold, and bcud it like a willow under the strong
arm of temptation?a dream in the blinding
brightness of which the dreamer takes the first
step across the boundary of honesty to find
himself suddenly in utter darkness, with uo
other way to turn but to plunge deeper into
the gloom, yet each moment vaguely hoping
to retrieve the step and come again to the
light. From such dreaming as this come the
developments continually taking place and
increasing among us?men one day deemed
honest and respectable, appearing the next as
robbers of their employers, as men of false
pretences, counterfeiters, and- forgers, and yet
in soul not steeped in crime, although none
the less dangerous to the community than the
hardened criminal. Justice demands their
punishment as well as those old in crime, and
it would be better if punishment were ofiener
meted out to them than it is. One of this class
13 now punished in our midst, and the sad
wreck of a once honest man, which William
Kissane yesterday presented in the Court ol
Sessions, should be an impressive warning to
all young men in this city, just commencing a
life of "business, to bteel themselves against
temptation, and beware of the first step in
crime, which has closed the doors of prison
upon William Kissane the forger.?Ar. Y. Cou
rier, 24/A instant.
Medical Matters.
The London Lancet comes to the conclusion
that the use of chloroform must be measurably
abandoned. There is no doubt, (says the
Lancet,) that the novelty of the practice, the
remarkable effects produced, and the freedom
from risk, too unhesitatingly asserted, have led
to very grave abuses. Had chloroform never
been inhaleds, ave when its use was necessary,
lives would not have been sacrificed to the re
moval of a tooth, toenail, or a little finger, in
tapping a hydrocele, or touching a sore with
caustic. Its use should be reserved for those
cases only in which the intensity or duration of
the pain in an operation constitute serious com
plications, or where insensibility is essential for
the success of the surgeon's proceeding.
The curative effect of faith is illustrated by
the statement communicated recently to the
public, by Dr. Alcott, as narrated to him by a
Methodist clergyman. The latter states that a
young woman in extremely feeble health, came J
to the belief that if he were to pray with her |
she would recoyer. After much hesitation he
concluded to make an experiment, encouraged
the invalid with the promise that he would
soon gratify ber wish, visited her to prepare
her mind for the exercise; and when the hour
at length arrived, a good deal of parade and
form was made, as if to give the mind tnore
time to look at the subject, and the heart more
time to fasten its faith on the great Prayer
answerer. When the prayer could be delayed
no longer, he knelt solemly by her bed side,
and prayed most fervently and earnestly for her
recoveree. From this hour forth, it is said, she
began to recover, and, in an almost miracu
lously short time was well.
In the Nashville Journal of Medicine and
Surgery, is an account of recovery from gun
shot wound of the brain. The dura mater was
plainly visible through the entrance of the slug
into the man's head, and a small probe con Id
be passed to the depth of three inches in the
head. The brain was also cozing from the exit.
After the seventh day ho suffered but little, and
had a rapid recovery, without his intellect be
ing at all injured. He lost not less than one
and a half table spoonfuls of brains.
The propagation, by contagion, of tvphoid
fever, is the subjcct of an article in the boston
Medical and Surgical Journal. In proof of
this, Dr. Cornish gives an account of a whole
family in Falmouth, Mass., consisting of a man
and his wife, two sons, a daughter, and grand
child, dying from the disease, one after the
other, while others, who were also exposed,
such as nurses, watchers, Ac.,escaped unharmed.
The building were the patients sickened and
died, stands on high dry ground, the roots were
spacious and well ventilated, the air was re
markably pure, and there was nothing in the (
vicinity from which deletrious exhalations |
should be likely to rise.
Death of a Revolutionary Soldier?A Pris
oner of the Sugar-Home.
Died at Canaan, March 14, 1855, Jonathan
Gillett, aged ninety three years and thirty
two days. This venerable man was a native
of West Hartford. He entered the revolution
ary army, and at tho age of eighteen, being
made prisoner of war, was added to the num
ber of sufferers in the " old Sugar-House.
His account of this event is as follows:
He was ou duty at Horse Neck, (Greenwich.)
The company to which he belonged was sta
tioned in the meeting house for the night.
Here they were surprised by the enemy, and
I marched without food to King's Bridge, which
they reached about sunset. They were con
fined for the night in a house too small to ad
mit of their lying down, and most of them re
mained standing during the night. In the
morning they were allowed food, and then
marched to tho Sugar-House. Here, suffering
from cold, sickness, hunger, and filth, Mr. Oil
lett remained tefi months, when bo wm ex
changed lor a British soldier.
Mr. Gillett's account if the wretched c>ndi?
tion ot the Sugar^House prisoners corresponds
with the narratives of his fellow sufferers. He
spoke of many dying of starvation and disease
I during the imprisonment. Almost every day
| one, and sometimes five or six, were carried
out for burial. The bodies were placed upon
the ground, and sometimes frozen there before
removed. These detachments of their living
comrades were employed in carrying them to
the Bowery, near iiusfrcah water jmmp.
Mr. Gillett was one to whom yas presented,
a few years since, a caue made from some part
of the Sugar-House. At the ago of twenty
oue lie came to Canaan, whero lie has since re
sided. At tho time of his death he was the
oldest inhabitant of the town.
Property of Rellg|.ju? Societies.
Tho legislature of Michigan has passed a
Jaw concerning churches and religious t>oeieiit
establishing uniform rules tor fh? acquisition,
tenu-e, control, and disposition of property
conveyed or dedicated Ibr religious purposes.
It provides that all church property sliall vest
and descend, with tho improvements, in per
petual succession to and shall be held by the
trustees provided in the act iu trust for said
church, congregation, or society. And also,
ihat no bishop, vicar, rector, parson, curate,
priest, deacon, or other officer in any church,
religious body, order, society, or association ;
no superior or other officer or member, male or
female, of any religious order, ecclesiastical or
lay, nor of any ecclesiastical, educational or
charitable institution or establishment, shall, in
consequence of such office or membership, or
iu the character or capacity of such officer or
member, have, possess, or exercise any power,
capacity, or franchise of a corporation sole, so
fur as relates to the taking, holding, managing,
selling, or transmitting property, and every
gift, grant, devise, bequest, conveyance, or
ease ot any real estate. The law is general,
aiid applies to all religious denominations alike.
A (singular Occurrence.
1 lie following singular circumstance was re
lated to us, on Satui day, by a gentleman who
received it from a near relative, who resides in
the immediate neighborhood where it purports
to have occurred, and who vouches for its be
ing entirely true :
On the night of Monday, the 12th instant, a
Airs, rowler, an old lady Jiving near Freeport,
in Westmoreland county, was aroused from her
sleep by the noise produced by a man entering
her house through a window. In great alarm
she got up and called a large dog who waa
somewhere in the house; but the dog, moro
watchful than lm mistress, had already seized
the intruder by the throat and waa engaged in
a desperate struggle with him. The man made
all the effort possible to get loose from the an
imal, and attempted several times to kill him
with a large knife, but tho brute, as if perfect
ly aware of the villain's purposes?to rob, per
haps murder?did not relinquish his hold, until
the man was dead! The old lady, nearly
Irightencd to death, then approached the burg
lar, where he was lying on the floor, and dis
covered that his face was thickly covered with
a coat of bl? k paint, put on so that he could
not be recog. J. On washing this off she
?liscovered, to her horror and amazement, the
features of her own son-in-law.
1 Pittsburg (Pa.) Post
Hon. Samuel 9. Phelps.
c telegraph announces the death of Hon.
S. S. 1 helps, late l;nited States Senator from
V ermont. Senator Phelps was a man who de
serves more than a passiug notice?more than
we have space or ability to sar. He was ono
of the few representatives in the National Le
gislature who stood manfully by bis convio
tions, never swerving, though all the clamor of
fanaticism was centred on his head. He was
a firm pillar in the path of abolition and
disunion agitators, and the lamented Webster
regaHed him as one of the soundest and most
upright members of the Senate, and was proud
to call him his friend.?New York Mirror.
*? I Die an American."
This exclamation, attributed to Poole, tho
pugilist, shortly before his death, was seized by
the Know nothings, emblazoned upon a ban
ner at his funeral, and was near leading to a
not on St. Patrick's day. It was taken for
granted that Poole had been murdered by
" bloody furriners," and that his blood was to
he avenged as I exas was to be annexed, 44 at
the earliest practicable period." It now turns
out that all the parties implicated in tho mur
der of Poole?Baker, Hvler, Linn, Van Pelt,
I'audeen, McLaughlin, Irvin and Morrisaey
are native born citizens of the United States.
There is not a foreigner among them. What
is to be done now? As they are all Americans,
wo presume they are entitled to a procession
for the heroism they exhibited in murdering
Poole without any foreign aid.
[iVne To; A: Evening Post.
Tiy TnoraAXD Laborers ?-*NTsn ix W?.
CoxsiN".?? rom the \\ aiikeslnt Plain JJealcr,
March 21, we copy the follo*!ng?
A thousand good laborers can Gnd steady
employment and the highest wages paid among
the farmers of ibis county. While the poor are
starving and unable to get employment in tho
eastern cities, it is next to an impossibility to
find laborers at any price, to cultivate the soil
of the West.
We have no doubt but ten thousand moro
good laborers could find plenty of work in this
?Mate, at from twelve dollars to twenty dollars
a month, and board, through tho summer. We
have been reonested by farmers from nearly
every school district in our county, to send
them laborers.
Heart rendixo CiRCCMSTAXCK.?Last even
ing, between ten and eleven o'clock, a fire
broke out iu the rear of Glasgow Row, and
two little children perished in the flames. Our
informant stated that as far as he could under
stand the facts, the children had been left
alone in the house?one a girl about three
years of age, the other a boy about five?and
it is supposed they overturned a lamp add fired
the room.?Si. Louis Republican.
Colonel McClung, ??the Duelist.*'
The dispatch published yesterday, statin*
that Colonel McClung, "the duelist," had com
mitted suicide at Jackson, Mississippi, referred
to Colonel Alexander K. McClung, a well
known citizen of Mississippi, who served gal
lantly in the Mexican war as a volunteer under
General Taylor. He was the lieutenant colo
nel ot the Mississippi regiment. It is said that
he was the first to scale the walls of the Black
Fort at Monterey, and for his intrepidity in
placing the stars and stripes on its captured
walls, was marked and pierced by the enemy
with wounds under which he suffered the most
agonizing pains for several montbj. During
General laylor's administration, he was ap
pointed Charge d'Affaires to Bolivia, in South
America, lie was engaged iu several duel.

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