IS PUBLISHED TRI-WKEKI.Y AND WKEKLV BY
BEVERLEY TUCKER AND WM. M. OVERTON
IVurU'* Building, tuar t/u CapUoi.
CITY UV WASHINGTON.
Tri- Weekly. *.
To Club* uk Ihdividuals, subscribing (mi
Ave or mure copies?
Tri-Weekly, |ter anitiuii, in advance. ,$'J <>0
Weekly " " I *0
jkjH~ Postmasters are requeued to act as agents.
CITY OF WASHINGTON, THURSDAY MORNING, MAY 10, 1855.
TERMS OF ADVERTISING.
One square (twelve lines) 1 insertion.
M U (l Q I*
?? u u 3 u
" " " 1 week ....
" " " 1 month
^EV-Rusiness cards, not exceeding six lines, for
not less than six months, inserted at half price.
. 1 00
. 2 00
. 3 00
Yearly advertisement)* subject to *pecial ar
Long advertisements at reduced rates.
Religious, Literary, and Charitable notici s in
All correspondence on business muni be prepmO
STONE (itJAKItY.?I am prepared to tar
nish from myqunrrv, opposite the Little Falls
and adjoining the quarry of the late Timothy
O Neale, any quantity of stone that maybe needed
'?r building purpose*. Apply to the undersigned
at his house on ii, between 19th and 20th streets,
in the First wurd, or to Mr. Paine, at the quarry
J"'V 27 WILLIAM B. SCOTT.
COMMGNTAUIBsi ou the Jurisdiction
Practice, and Peculiar Jurisprudence of the
Courts of thw United Slates, vol. 1, by George
History of the Crusades, their Rise, Progress,
and Results, by Major Proctor, of the Royal
Cumming's lectures on the Seven Churches.
Oil sale at
1AYLOR iSc MAURY'S Bookstore,
N?v 16 , near 9th street.
TO MEMBERS OF CONGRESS AND
WA ICIIE8.?Members of Cou^ren and
others in wantol perlect timekeepers would
do well to make their selections at once, in order
to test their quality before leaving the ci/y.
Our assortment for both Ladies and Gentlemen
was never so complete as at present, embracing
every description, which we ofler unusually low
M. W GALT dc BROTHER.
Penn. avenue, between 9th and 10th streets
rp IIE SONS OF THE SIRES, A ftilil
JL tory of the Rise, Progress, and Destiny ol
the American Party, and its probable influence
on the next Presidential election, to which is
added a Review of the Letter of the Hon. Henry
A. Wise against the Know-nothings, by an Ame
The History of Mason and Dixon's Line, con
tained in an Address delivered by John H. B.
Latrobe, of Maryland, before the Historical So
ciety of Pennsylvania, November 8, 1854.
Mirana Elliot, or the Voice of the Spirit, by S
Autobiography of Charles Caldwell, M. D.,with
a Preface, Notes, and Appendix, by Harriet W.
Just received and for sale by
Corner of Penn. avenue and 11th street.
HAMPER'S MAGAZINE (or September is
a magnificent number, filled with superior
engravings, and tor sale at Shilli.ngton's book
The great Illustrated Magazine of Art for Sep
tember is one of the best that has been issued.
Leslie s Ladies Gazette for September contains
all the new Fall fashion.v
The Knickerbocker Magnziue for Seplembei
Godey s Lady's Book, Graham's Magazine, an&
Putnam's Magazine, all for September, received
and for sale at
THE FAILURE of Free Society.?Soci
| ology for the South, or the Failure of Free
Society, by George Fitzhugh On sale at
TAYLOR & MAURY'S
Rnbk Store, near 9th afreet.
D| A Mil, WEBSTER Messrs. Taylor
tV MA I K.Y have a few of the original sub
scriber*' copies of the works of Daniel Webster,
printed on very fine imperial paper, in which Mr.
Webster inscribed his name. Six volumes:
'J*, ic M. are the only booksellers in the United
Slates who have any copies in their possession.
MQr U Bookstore near 9th st.
FINE WATCHES <b RICH JEWELRY.
HO. 1IOOI), Pennsylvania avenue, between
? 4i and 6th streets, has just returned from
the north with a good assortment of the most rich
and fashionable Jewelry in the market, which be
purchased for cash at very low prices, snd bow ol
fers for sale the same, at wholesale or retail, much
cheaper than goods of like quality have ever been
sold lor in this section of country. Please call at
his store, sign of the large spread eagle.
N. B. Special attention paid to the repairing of I
watches by W. W. Hollingnworth.
THE AMERICAN SPORTSMAN, Com*
taining Hints to Sportsmen, Notes on Sport
ttog, and the Habits of the Game Birds and Wild
Fowl of America, by Elisha J. Lewis, M. D., with
numerous illustrations. Far sale at
TAYLOR 4 MAURY'S
4 Book Store, near Ninth street.
X moat respectfully informs, ky this notice, his
friends and the public in general, here and esle
where, that he has opened an Agency Office lor
the prosecution of claims of every description
against the government, before the several depart
ments or Congress, procure pensions, bounty
lands, extra pay, and arreerage pay, and will at
tend to the buying and selling of real estate, the
renting of houses, and a general collecting busi
oess; he will also furnish parties at a distance
with such information as they may desire from
the neat of government. Charges will be mode
sate. Office, at present, will be oh M near 18th
" Hon. J. C. Dobbin, Socman/ of tk? N*v*
Hen. J. Davis, SwrMsry of IT?r.
N. Callan, esq., Pruuimt ?/ tk? Bom*d of
Gen. John M. McCalla, Attorn^ at I**+
James H. Caustin, esq.
W. C. Reddall, Stat* l)rpart***n4.
SAMUEL O. TA YLOK
C1 OBSERVE and Preserved Ginger and
/ Chow-Chow, Attea and Choeng I^oong, Can
tun, fresh importation. For sale by
No 4ft. opposite the Centre Market.
DBONT FA 11, TO CAI.l/ AT HOOIP*
if you wish to purchase anything in the way
of fine American, London, or Oenevs watches,
(that can be relied on for the true time,) rich gold
jewelry ,i?ure silver ware, fcc., Jtc., and save from
15 to 25 per rent, as he la now receiving his
Fall supply, whick will be sold at lbe lowest
Fine watches and jewelry repaired, and war
ranted to give satisfaction
. H. O. HOOD'S
Pa. avenue, between 4) sad rtth afreets, sign oj
the large spread eagle.
New rooks received at mhu^
The Dodd Family, by Charles Lever, author of I
Behind the Scenes, by Lady Hulwer Lytton
The Lamplighter. on* of the moat fascinating
kooka ever written.
Everything in the Rook. Newspaper, snd Sta
tionery line for sale at
Bookstore, Odeon Building, corner a
street and Pa. avenue.
J^DW ARI) LYCETT. Sen.. Rook-Binder,
J Potomac Hall, corner of Eleventh-street sad
aryland avenne, over Clarke's Drug store, WasK
ington, D. C.
i ^^"?^ng executed, either in
velvet, Turkey Morocco, Russia, or fancy on tors
Periodicala and Music neatly half bound.
Mr. IvfciTT respectfully suggests to his friends
that while mnch has been done to transmit family
records, little care has been taken to preserve ps
rental likenesses. He takoa this method to inform
his friends, and these desirous ef perpetuating per
sonal remembrances, that daguerreotype like
nesses can be inlaid on the inside covers of fami
ly bibles, presentation-books, or keepsakes, speci
mens of which can l?e seen at his bindery, or he
can be addressed by letter, whirhwillbe promptly
AND FOR SAI.E The Suhscrlberwdl
.? dispose of thirtyacrea of land, being part of hi*
farm known aa Delcarlia, situated nesr the Little
Hull", in Montgomery county, Md., snd adjoining
the contemplated water works. It is an excellent
piece of land, snd both from its fertility and lo
cality is admirably suited for n market garden.
Apply to the undersigned, or to his overseer on
WILLIAM B. SCOTT,
Sept 17?If On H between 19th and 20th ata
B it kuown that I, the subscriber <>b
? ? tained letters patent in December, 18.r>l, lor
iuiapparatus for the destructive distillation ol
wood and the makiug therefrom of tar or pitch ai
pleasure, and gas; and that m the judgment ol
competent persons the invention ol an appar
tus recently patented by W. D. Porter cannot be
used by him or any other person without lnlring
iDK my said patent. And, further, that what ?
patented by said Porter rightfully belong* to me,
as I expect to prove ere long before the Uuited
States Patent Office ; and, further, that the use ol
said Porter's invention involves also a process
which I am now claiming before the United States
Patent Office, and which has been adjudged to be
patentable to the first inventor thereof, and which
said W. D. Porter has formally disclaimed, as ap
pears upon the public records of said office, of
which an official copy is hereto annexed, and also
a copy of his claims.
In the National IiUelligencer of the 25lh instant
Mr. Porter aunounces that he has secured by
patent the "exclusive right to making gas irom
wood," and threatens pr&sec.ution to all parties
infringing his patent. I ask how this ?tatement
comports with the fart of my patent of December,
1851, and how far the threat can intimidate under
such circumstances? Mr. Porter's claim w based
upon a movable perforated diaphragm, and was
so understood by the Patent Office, as it appears
from the records of the Patent Office that his
claim was at first refused as interfering with a
prior patent to Robert Foulis, of Canada, for an
equivalent contrivance. This claim, as given be
low, and in which the perforated diaphragm is the
saving clause, is what Mr. Porter calls securing
the "exclusive right to making gas from wood.
The stateineut carries absurdity on its front, and
is a libel on the good sense of the Patent Olhce
If such a claim or right had been granted, it would
forbid every coal-kiln and charcoal manufactory
in the country. . ?,
The following copies of correspondence and
extracts from the records of the I alent Office will
show the true stale of the ease:
United Status Patent Office,
? August 25, 1S54.
Sir . In reply to your Utter of this date, asking
"if any patent has been granted to W. D. Porter,
dated 22d August, 1854, or at any other time, or
to any otHer person or persous, securing to him
or them " the exclusive right oj mating gas pom,
wood"and whether any such claim was made by
W D. Porter, under his application for a patent,
which letters patent were issued beat
above dale, you nre informed that W. D. rorter s
claims are believed to be c nfined to hi* appara
tus: and, further, this office is not aware that a
patent has been granted heretofore lor
sit* right of moling gas from ?W. 1 would,
however, be unjuslitiable to expect me to make
an extended investigation to answer your re
""""['am, respectfully, your obedient servant,
C. Masok, Commissioner of 1 aients.
W. P. McConaeli., Esq.,
Care of Prof. C. G. Page, W ash.ngton, D. O.
The United Stales Patent OJJier?To all persons to
whom these presents shall come, grettng
This is to certify that the annexed is a true copy
from the files of this office of an extract f">m a
paper filed in the mailer ol the application ol W.
D. Porter for letters patent, in accordance w ith
which application letters patent were issued to the
said W. b. Porter on the 22d day of August,
eighteen hundred and fifty-four.
In testimony whereof, I Charles '
missiouer of Patents, have caused thei seal
of the Patent Office to be hereunto affixed
[l. s.J this 25th day of August, in the year of our
Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifty
four, and of the independence of the 1 niled
States the seventy-ninth. C. Mason.
Copt of disclaimer of W. D. Porter in his apphca' \
tton for "an improved stiU for making wood
gas,"filed August 5, 1*54. Letters patent issued
" I do not claim as my invention and discovery
the improvements in making gas from wood viz :
subjecting the products of destructive distillation
therefrom to a high degree of heat, substantially
a. has been described and for the purpose, sel
forth in the specification of W. P. McLi>nn?
The United States Patent Oficc?To all persons to
whom these presents shall come greeting :
This is to certify that the annexed is a true copy
from the records of this office of an extract from
the specification of W. D. Porter, patent, issued
in the twenty second day of August, eighteen
hundred and fifty-four.
In testimony whereof, t, Charles Mason, (com
missioner of Patents, have caused ihe
seal of the Patent Office to be hereunto
, affixed this twenty-fifth day of Augult.
* ' n the year of our Lord one thousand
ctaht hundred and fifty-four, and ol the
independence of the f'nited
seventy-ninth. C. Masok.
Enron from Specification ?/ W. D. ^rt"?n
which, letters patent were issued August ?1, IBM.
CWib._What I claim as my invention and de
sire to secure by letters patent is :
'? The construction of a gas apparatus or still,
con.iating ?? a met.llic or other cylinder B, the
cooes E and D, di.phram plate C, and exit pipe
F subatantially a. described in the foregoing spe
cificstion, and shown in the accompanying drsw
The truth of the ab.vemav be ascertained from
the record, of the Patent Odce, to which all have
access. wM p McCONNELL.
By his attorney CHAS. O. PA<?E
U IVM)R'H RAILROAD MAP OF THE
\~ UNITED UTATRS."?This celebra
ted Map, recently eulogised by Lieutenant Man
D^c J Bookstore, near Ninth str^t
UMfA AM I'f I", HY COUNT DE GU
&E1C0111S, Hpeeches, and Writings, of Robert
Rantonl, ir., edited bv Luther Hamilton.
SACRED POEMS ANI) HYMNS for public
and private devotion, by James Montgomery.
tKe PLANTERS NORTHERN BRll)E, a
Novel, by Caroline Lee Heats, with illustrations
frem original designs, in 2 vol..
THE CHURCH, in a series of Discourses, by
Svlvester Judd. Pastor of Chn* Church Maine.
HISTORY OF OLIVER CROMWELL and
the English Commenwealfb, from the execution
of Charles L to the desthof Cromwell, by M. U.
Onisot translsted by A. R. Scoble, in ^ vols.
HISTORY OF fHE FRENCH PROTEST
A NT Hefutrecs, from the Revocation of the Edict ,
of Nsntes <o our own dsys, by M Charles Weiss
Professor of History in the Lycee Bonaparte, .n 2
V?VOICES OF TH E NIGHT, by Re*. John Cum
""VOICES OF THE DAY, by Rev. John Cuin
m'"ustlpubii.hed and received "t^c l^k^rc -f
Apr 15 Corner of lllh st. and Penirav^
SCHOOL BOOKS OF Alili THE KINDS
used in the District, blank books for com|*?
siuon, pena, ink, slates, and everything requisite
POCALYPTIC SKETCHES, futures
on the Book of Revelation, by the Kev lohn
Cummins. D. D*I ^5 cent..
Benedictions, or the Blessed Life, by the Rev.
J. Camming, D D^ 15 cents.
School Books and School Requisites at the low
est price, for sale at the y mtvtwk
1 ORAY tr RALLANTYNE,
Oft 7th street, near Odd Fellows' Hall.
Ill X A M PI-ES OF MACHINERY ANI?
^ Mill-work?Being plans, sections, nnd eleva
tion of works in several departments of Machine
ry, Mill work, and General Engineering, with de
crypt ions of their construction, action, snd practical
application to varioiis branches of industry.
Just received and for tale at the Bookstore ol
Comer of 11th ?t. and Tenn. avenue.
The New York anil Liverpool Uuited States
The ships comprising this line are :
The Atlantic Cupluin West.
The Pacific Captain Nye.
The Baltic Captain Comstock.
These ships having been built by
contract, expressly for government
service, every care has been taken
in their construction, us also in their engines, to
insure, strength ami speed, and their accommo
dations for passengers are unequalled lor ele
fance and coinlort.
'rice of passuge Ironi New \ork to Liverpool,
in first cabin ? $1.M)
In second cabin, $75. Exclusive use ol extra sized
state rooms .$32.)
From Liverpool to New York 30 and 20guineas.
An experienced Surgeon attached to each ship.
No berth secured until paid for.
PKOFOSKD PATHS OF SAILING.
Prom New York. From Liverpool.
Saturday. - Dec. 30,1854
Saturday..Jan. 27, 1855
Saturday.. Feb. 10, 1855
Saturday.. Feb. 24, 1855
We J'day.. Jan. 10, 1855
Wed i ity. .Jan. 24,1865
Wcd'd.r ..Feb. 7, 1855
Wed'day.. Feb. 21, 1855
Wed'day. .Mar. 7, 1855
For fre glit or passage, apply to
EDWARD K. COLLINS,
No 56 Wall street, N. Y
lUtOWN, SHIPLEY & Co.,
R. G. ROBERTS & Co..
13 King's Arms Yard, London.
B G. WAIN WRIGHT Ar. Co ,
GEO. II DRAPER, Havre.
The owners of these ships will not be accounla
ble (or gold, silver, bullion, specie, jewelry, pre
cious stones, or metals, unless bills ol lading are
signed (herelor, and the value thereof therein ex
pressed. Jnn *~dlf
SCOTT'S WEEKLY PAPER.?The pub
lisher of this large and popular family journa
offers for the eoining year (lb54) a combination ol
literary attrac tions heretofore unattended by any
of the Philadelphia weeklies. Among the new
features will be a new and brilliant series of origi
nal romances by George Lippard, entitled Legends
of the Last Century. All who have read Mr. Lip
pard's celebrated " legends of the American Revo
lution," published for fifty-six consecutive weeks
in the "Saturday C*uru>r," will find these pictures
of French and American history endowed with all
the power and brilliancy of his previous produc
tions. The first of a series of original novellettes,
called Morris Hartley,or the Knights of the Mystic
Valley, by Harrison W. Aiusworth. is about to be
commenced. It will be handsomely illustrated by
twelve fine engravings, and its startling incidents
cannot fail to elicit undivided praise. Emmerson
Bennett, the dintinguished novelist, and author of
Viola, etc., etc., is also engaged to furnish a bril
liant novellette to tollow the above. Mrs. Mary
Andrews Denison, author of Home Pictures, 1 a
tience Worthingtou and her Grandmother, etc.,
will continue a splendid domestic novellette, en
titled the Old Ivy Grove, and H.C.Watson an
illustrated story called the Two Edged knife a
graphic picture of early life in Old Kentucky. To
these will be added original contributions and se
lections from Mrs. Caroline Lee HentZ, Clty-a
Clairville. Lille Lilberne, Mrs. Stowe, Grace Green
wood. and other distinguished writers ; the news
of the day, graphic editorials, full reports o! the
provision, nioii?y, and stock markets, letters from
travelers at home and abroad, etc., etc.
Terms?One copy one year $2 ; two copies ona
year $3 ; four copies one year $5; nine copies one
year, and one to the getter up of the club, $10;
twenty copies one year and one to the getter up
of the club* $20.
Add-V A. SCOTT, PMblinher,
No. Ill Chestnut St., Philadelphia.
GREAT EXCITEMENT IN NEW YOKK
Pianos and Melodeoim for Cash.
HORACE WA'IERS, the great Music and
Piano Forte dealer, 333 Btoadway, New
York, prefering to share a large per cent, with his
customers, rather than pay it to the sharpers "!
Wall street,to raise available means to enable hint
to stem the present tight tunes,oilers his immense
assortment ol elegant and warranted Pianos sdiI
Melodeons at a large discount from (actory prices,
for cash. His assortment comprises Piauos Irom
three ol" the largest and most celebrated Boston
manufactories ; also those of several of the l*si
New York makers, including the l?enutirul and
much admired Horace Waters Pianos from his
own factory, and Melodeens of the best Boston.
New Haven, New York, and Buffalo makes; al
fording su opportunity for selections not to be had
elsewhere Each instrument warranted. Second
Ssnd Pianos at great bargains?prices from ffiOto
to SlfiO. Mnsii- and musical instruments of all
kinds. Dealers, teachers, and heads of schools
supplied on the best terms. Music sent by mail,
post paid. General and select catalogues ol mu
sic and schedule of factory prices of Pianos, Melo
deons and mtiiucal instruments forwarded to any
address, free ol postage.
Shirts made to order.?STEVENS
Brown's Hotel, is prepared to make Shirts to
measure, and warrants them in all cases to fit.
Gents troubled with bad fitting Shirts can be
suited at STEVENS'S
7 3ui Salesroom, Brown a Hotel
ravA Y I.oN a M AURY have the honor to
I announce the completion ol preparations lor
the lestive season. In addition to their ordinary
stock, (which has always been characteriied by
elegance and variety,) they have received?
A choice selection of beautifully illustrated and
tastefully bound Books.
Articles of"veriu," in Porcelain, Bronxe, and
Writing Desks, in papier mache and rosewood
Card Raske s, inkstands. Ladies' Cabas.
Cigar Stands and Cases, Portemonnaiea.
Taper Stands, Jrc.
Together with a general assortment of novelties
remarkable for a combination of the useful with
the ornamental, at prices suitable to the artisan or
Book and Stationery store, near 9th street.
Pec 21 _
Y- A L IfiH T I NES, VALESI TINEM.?A
larae assortment just received and for sale
,ty W. C ZANTZINGER. |
A new work by henry ho<.ers.
author oil he "Eclipse of Faith," entitled A
Defence of the Eclipse ol Faith, by its author, be
ing a rejoinder to Professor Newman'a " Reply;"
ami, in order to give the American public the
whole matter at a glance, there is included in the
same volume the " Reply to the Eclipse of Faith,"
by F.W.Newman, with hia chapter on the "Moral
Perfection of Christ.
For sale by GRAY & BALLANTYNE,
"M>R THKSPRmO TRADE, CJent's ll?
?lei \ ?ii?l lender f.arinciit", I I'A KN-S.
Browa's Hotel, is now opening a fresh and large
variety of Gent's Undershirts and Drawers. Also,
a large assortment of silk and cotton Half-IIose,
plain nnd fancy. STEVENS'S
Feb 24 "?lif Sales Room, Brown's Hotel.
I- ATI-.lt YEAR*, xty the Author ol ?* the
i Old House by the River."
Mr. Rutherford's Children, second volume.
Pebbles from the Lake Shore, or Miscellaneous
Poems, by Charles Leland Potter, A. M.
General Notions of Chemistry, translated from
the French, by Edmund C. Evans, M. D.
The Land of the Saracena, by Bayard Taylor.
Brushwood picked up on the Continent; or
Last Summer's Trip to the Old World, by Orville
Discovery of the Source* of the Mississippi
River,by Henry R. Schoolcraft.
Dana's Minrealogy,4th edition.
The alwve are selected from * Inrge arrival of
new books at TAYLOR A MAURY'S
Dpc 9 Bookstore, near Pth at.
1~~SoR RENT.?Two neat Rooma, either
^ furnished or unfurnished, at No. 445, M
I srteet, north, between 12th and 13lh streets.
TO OFFICERS, SOID1ER8, SEAMEN,
ie.7 OF ALL WARS, THKIR WIDOWS
AND MINOR CHILDRBM.
S. M. KNIGHT,
Attorney for Go?eri?mentCUIuauti,
WASHINGTON, D. C.,
CONTINUES to give prompt and personal at
tention to the prosecution of Claims of every
description against the General Government, and
particularly to those before the Treasury Depart
ment. Pension and Bounty Land Bureaus, Patent
and General Land Offices, and Board of Claims.
An experience ol years, and a familiarity with
the means of obtaining the earlust and most ta
voraMe action on Claims, with his facilities for the
dispatch of business, justify him in assuring his
Correspondents, Claimants, and the public gener
ally, that interests intrusted to his keeping will
not be neglected.
Pension, Bounty Laud, Patent, and Public
He has nearly ready for gratuitous distribution
among his business Correspondents, (and those
who may become such,) a neat pamphlet contain
ing a synopsis of the existing Pension, Bounty
Land, Patent, and Public Land Laws, down to
the end of the late Congress, including the
Bounty Laud Act of 3d March, lHftft,
under which all who have heretofore received
less than 160 acres are now entitled to additional
land: said Act grants also 160 acres to all Officers,
Non-commissioned Officers, Chaplains, Soldiers,
Wagon-masters, Teamsters, and friendly Indians,
ol the Army, including State Troops, Volunteers,
and Militia?and all Officers. Seamen, Ordinary
Seamen, Marines, Clerks, and Landsmen, of the
Navy, not heretofore provided for, who have
nerve J not less than fourteen days (unless in bat
tle) at any period since 1776; and to the widows
and minor children of all such persons entitled,
and deceased. ?
This pamphlet contains "Forms of Application
more full and complete than any eUewhere to be
found; adapted to the wants of every class ol
Claimants under the Act, with copious decisions
and instructions of the Department, and practical
suggestions as to the course to be pursued in sus
pended or rejected cases.
Parties not wishing to avail themselves ol the
facilities afforded by this office in securing prompt
and personal supcviiUcTidefice ol their claims at the
Departments, can obtain copies of the ubove
pamphlet by remitting thirty cents in postage
Inducements to Correspondents.
Correspondents who prepare and forward cases
for management by this Agency will be dealt with
liberally; supplied with all nepessary blanks gratis,
and kept constantly advised of the changes that
from time to time occur in the execution of the
law. . .
It is within the subscriber's power to direct his
Correspondents to the locality of very many per
sons entitled under the late Act; and having ob
tained several thousand Land Warrants under
former laws, he is in possession ol data that will
materially assist in securing additional bounty.
Fees, below the usual rales?and contingent
upon the admission ol Claim?.
The highest cash prices given for L?d War
rants, Revolutionary Scrip, and Illiuois Land
I>U,e"lAddres. S. M. KNIGHT,
March 17? law2m
CHAS. P. WANNALL,
AGENT FOR. BUYING AND SELLING
Corner N. York Ave. & 9th St., Washington, D. C.
The Collection of House Rents and other Ac
counts promptiy attended to.
John W. Maiiey, S. Bacon & Co.
Murray At Skmmks, CnA?rrr,NEWTO!i&Co
Wm/M. Shustkr 6c Co. J. 6c G. S. Gidkow.
Under the Act of Congress, March 3d, 1855.
HAVING prepared a supply of blank forms sui
table for every description of applications for
land warrants, the subscriber is prepared to furnish
claimants, per mail, or otherwise, with the neces
sary forms (and instructions as to the required evi
dence) for obtaining bounty land warrants granted
under the " act of Congress, Msrch 3d, 1Ho5.
All persons having served in any capacity in
the army or navy while engaged in any ol the
wars of this country, (if dead, their widows or mi
nor children,) are entitled to 160 acres of lsnd, or
the proportion, if they have received less than
that amount under any previous act.
Claims of all descriptions prosecuted before any
of the Departments of the General Government.
ptr Agents at a distance will find it greatly to
thrir advantage to cotrespond with the under
signed. E. WAITE,
Mar 18. 38*2 Eighth Street, Washington.
C1HARLE8 KINCiSLEY'S MEW WORK.
/ The Voyages and Adventures of Sir Amia*
Leigh, Knight ol Burrongh, in the county ol De
von, in the reign of her most glorious Majesty
Queen Elisabeth, rendered into modern English,
by Charles Kingsley, author of" Hypolin," " Alton
A Treatise on Punctuation, designed for letter
writers, authors, printers, and correctors of the
press, and for the use of schools and acsdemies,
with an Appendix, containing Rules on the use of
Capitals, a List of Abrsviations, Hints on the I re
paration of Copy and on Proof Reading, Speci
mens of Proof Sheets, 6cc.t by John Wilson; price
Hewitt's Boy's Adventures in the Wilds of Aos
An Essay on the Tides: Theory ef the Two
Forces, by Alexander Wilcoi, M. U.
Patent Office and Patent Laws, or a guide to
inventors, and a book of reference for judges, law
yers, magistrates, and others, with Appendices,
by J. G. Moore, price fl 25.
The Altar at Home, Prayers for the Fsmily snd
the Closet, by Clergymen ia and nesr Boston,
Just published, snd for sale at
TAYLOR & MAURY'S Bookstore,
April 12 near 9th street.
j NTERESerriNG HEW?We have Just
I received a large assortment of BOOTS and
SHOES for ladies', misses', snd children's wear,
which we offer very low.
Ladies' Gaiters from SI to $3.
Misses' Boots of every kind, in proportion.
| Of Children's Shoes we hsve every color snd
st^le, from 25 cents up.
The inquiry generslly Is, Where can we find a
good assortment of shoes lor children ? We can
answer all such querists to their satisfaction if
thsv give us a call.
We would also state that we are prepared to
manufacture every style of boot or shoes ususlly ,
worn by gentlemen, ladies, misses, or children.
Also on hand, every description of boots snd
! shoes, which will be sold very low,
Csll and examine for yourselves before pur
< hasinr elsewhere, as we are determined to sell,
j S. C. MILLS & CO.,
Mar ^ 3( * No. 486 Seventh st.
W ATER-t'OLOR PK'TUR E9?
Messrs. TAYLOR 6c MAURY beg to sn
I nounce that, at tl?e suggestion of several of our
| citizens, the pictures now on exhibition at their
store will be rsffled for.
Eleven prises ; sixty chances, at $?>.
April 13 Bookatoro, near Ninth street.
J-UOT RECEIVED AT TAYLOR A MAC
ry's Bookstore, near 9th street?
1 The Plurality of Worlds, with an Introduction
I by Edward Hitchcock, D. D. t
A IjiviTtp to the Path; or, the Bilita in Im Hstft,
I the Home, and the Market Place, by the Rev. W
K. Tweedie, D. D.
The Catacombs of Rome, by the Right Rev. W.
J. Kip, D. D.
Narrative of a Voyage ?o the Northwest Coas
' of America, by Gnbriel Franchere.
Connne, by Madame De Stael, new edition.
Vathek, by Beckford, do
j Female Poets of Great Britain, do
Western Scenes and Adventures, illustrated.
Life of Napoleon, by Hatlitt, do
Ode on the Spring.
Lo! where lite rosy bosotn'd hour*,
Fair Venus's train, appear,
Disclope the long expected flower*,
And wake the purple year!
The Attic warbler pours her throat,
Kespoustve to the cuckoo's note,
The untaught harmony of Spring;
While, whispering pleasure as they fly,
Cool zephyrs through the clear blue sky
Their guther'd fragrance fling.
Where'er the oak's thick branches stretch,
A broader, browner shade,
Where'er the rude and moss grown beech
O'er occupies the glade,
Beside some water's rushy brink
With me the Muse shall sit and think
(At ease reclined in rustic state.)
How vain the ardor of the crowd,
How low, how little, are the proud
How indigent the great !
Still is the toiling hand of Care ;
The panting herds repose :
Yet hark, how through the peopled air
The busy murmur glows!
The insect youth are on the wing,
Eager to taste the honeyed Spring,
And float amid the liquid noon :
Some lightly o'er the current skim,
Some show their gaily gilded trim,
Quick glancing to the sun.
To Contemplation's sober eye, *
Such is the race of men ;
And they that creep, and they that fly,
Shall end where they began.
Alik-, the busy and the gay
But flutter through life's little day,
In Fortune's varying colors dieted :
Brushed by the hand of rough Mischance,
Or chilled by Age, their airy dance
They leave, in dust to rest.
Methinks I hear, in accents low,
The sportive kind r.-ply ;
Poor moralist! and what art thou ?
A solitary fly!
Thy joys no glittering female meets
No hive hast thou of hoarded sweets,
No painted plumage to display.
On hasty wings thy youth is flown :
Thy sun is set, thy spring- is gone;
We frolic while 'tis May.
Lamartln*'* History Of Turkey.
Messrs. D. Appleton & Co., of New York,
have published the first volume of a transla
tion of the History of Turkey, by A. de La
martine, author of the Girondists, &c. The
work is to be completed in three volumes. We
copy from the introductory chaptcr the follow
ing account of the personal appearance of the
present Sultan, an interview with whom La
martiue describes. The Sultan had appointed
a meeting with the Poet at "a small pavillion
of retreat whereiu he loved to meditate, remote
from the noise and pomp of his palaces at
Stamboul." Lamartine was then on bis travels,
and he copies this description, made at the
time, from his note book. The interview took
place several years after Abdul-Medjid suc
ceeded his father, who died in 1840.
" On entering the kiosk, I looked around
for the Sultan. He was standing almost in
visible in the shade between the door and
window, at the corner the least lighted in the
room. The Sultan Abdul Medjia is a young
man of from twenty-six to twenty-seven years
old, of an appearance rather more mature than
his age. His figure is tall, elegant and slim.
He bears his bead with that gracefulness, at
once supple and noble, which the length of
neck gives to the bust of Alexander in his
early youth. The features are regular, the
forehead high, the eyes blue, the eyebrows
arched as iu the Caucasian races, tho nose
straight, the lips well cut and parted ; the chin,
that foundation of character in the human
countenance, is firm and well set; the aggre
gate leaves an impression rather attractive
than imposing; you see a man who wishes to
be lovea rather than to be feared; he has the
timidity of modesty in his general air, melan
choly on his lips, and a precocious lassitude in
the attitude ; you perceive that this young man
has thought and suffered before his time. But
the feature that predominates is grave and me
ditative sensibility. You say to yourself:
This man carries something weighty and holy
in hit thoughts like the interests of a people,
and he feels the weight and sanctity of the
burden. Nothing of youth, nothiug of levity
in the expression. It is the statue of a young
pontiff, rather than a young sovereign. The
countenance inspires a certain tenderness of
heart. You are haunted with the thought de
spite of yourself; that here it a man sacrificed
to supreme power, who is young, handsome, all
powerful, who will be doubtless great, but who
will be never free, never without care, never
happy. You pity, you love him, for amid his
greatness he (eels visibly his responsibilities.
Every man in his empire may be happy except
himself. The throne has taken him in his
"His apparel was simple, uniform, almost a
mourning suit. A tunic of dark drab reach
ing down to the knees, the neck bare, loose
linen pantaloons over dark colored half-boots,
a sabre without ornament on the hilt. His
countenance alone could have discovered him
to the crowd. I felt moved, attracted, affected
by that melancholy of his majesty.
" While I was speaking to him be turned
several times the pommel of his sword, upon
which he was leaning, in his hand. He blushed
and looked down as if he bad the bashfulness
of his virtue. We attended him to the exami
nation that he went to make in person, of the
military youth in an adjoining institution."
Lamartine can never view things or describe
them but as a romancer and a poet, but his
books are always agreeable.
A Marvelous Story of s Picture.
An original picture of Charles I, which was
supposed to have been lost in the lime of the
Commonwealth, when, to prevent discovery of
the portrait, they reduced it in. size by cutting
it, has been found in Rarnstablc. It was
painted by Vandyck in 1640, when the king
was forty years of age, one year before the
painter died. This painting had, for a great
many years, been thrown abont as valueless; it
was so black it could scarcely be perceived
what it represented, and the framo was so
rotten that it broke away as it hung. For the
last ten years it was in the possession of Mr.
Ward, at the Seven Stars, Anchor Lane, and
whon he left thn house and sold off, Mr. W.
Lewis, furniture broker, 8ilver street, bought it
and took it home. It was thrown about for a
longtime under a heap of rubbish; at last it
was picked up and ordered to be scrubbed with
a scrubbing brush. Sad #htfl dOM, it was hung
up in his ware rooms to dry. Several people
passed and re passed, who asked the price of it,
but thought they would consider the matter.
At last Mr. Taylor saw it, and bonght it for 2s.
Within a week he was offered ?20 for it. That
gave Mr. Taylor an idea of the value of it. He
then took it to the National Gallery to know
if there was such a painting missing, and had
answer that there was, but finding tnat it had
to go through a process to bring it there, he
returned to Barnstable again with it, and since
that he had been offered as much as $2,000.
But it is considered worth $20,000, being one
of the most valuable paintings known.
Lucy Mtoue Muriird Under Protest?W o
The marriage of Lucy Stone, the great advo
cate of woman's eights, and Henry B. Black
well, an active apostle of the same cause, took
placc at West Bloom field, Mass., on the 1st
instant. The nuptial ccremony, it appears,
presented a feature without precedent in this,
or probably in any other country. It was the
reading and singing by the bride and groom,
in the presence of the wedding party, of the
following extraordinary document:
Protest?While we acknowledge our mutual
affection, by publicly assuming the sacred rela
tionship of husband and wife, yet, in justice to
ourselves and a great principle, we deem it a
duty to declare that this act on our part implies
no sanction of, nur promise of voluntary obedi
ence to, such of the present laws of marriage
as refuse to recognize the wife as an indepen
dent rational being, while they confer upon the
husband an injurious and unnatural superiority,
investing him with legal powers which no hon
orable man would exercise, and which no man
We protest especially against the laws which
give to the husband?1. The custody of his
wife's persou. 2. The exclusive control and
guardianship of their children. 3. The sole
ownership of her personal, and use of her real
estate, unless previously settled upon her, or
placed in the hands of trustees, as in the case
of minors, lunatics and idiots. 4. The absolute
right to the product of her industry. 5. Also
against laws which give to the widower so much
larger and more permanent an interest in the
property of his deceased wife than they give
to the widow in that of her deceased husband.
6. Finally against the whole system by which
"the legal existence oT the wife is suspended
during marriage," so that in most States she
neither has a legal part in the choice of her
residence, nor can she make a will, nor sue or
be sued in her own name, nor inherit property.
We believe that personal independence and
equal human rights can never be forfeited, ex
cept for crime; that marriage should be an
equal and permanent partnership, and so re
cognized by law; that until it is so recognized,
married partners should provide against the
radical injustice of present laws, by every means
in their power.
We believe that where domestic difficulties
arise, no appeal should be made to legal tribu
nals under existing laws, but that all difficulties
should be submitted to the equitable adjust
ment of arbitrators mutually chosen.
Thus reverencing law, we enter our earnest
protest against rules and customs which are
unworthy of the name, Bince they violate
justice, the essence of law.
(Signed) Henry B. Blackwell,
The American Medical Convention have be
fore them the following resolutions proposed
by Dr. Thompson, of Delaware :
Whereas, few subjects of greater interest and
importance could be presented to the consider
ation of the American Medical Association now
representing most of the States and Territories
of the Union, than the attainment of a correct
medical topography of each, with a history of
its prevailing fevers and the most successful
treatment of the name; therefore, be it
Resolved, That with this view and convic
tion, that this association now appoint a special
committee from each State and Territory re
presented, of numbers, whose duty it
shall be to report upon its medical topography,
epidemic fevers and the most successul treat
ment thereof, and that the same shall continue
to hold their office for three years.
Resolved, That in the appointment of gen
tlemen of education and experience in the af
fairs of their own State, we have the best guar
antee that the important objects we seek will
be most satisfactorily accomplished, and the
profession as well as the public interest will
thereby be better served.
Resolved, That the committee heretofore ap
pointed by this association at its session in
Charleston for a similar object, be, and the
same are hereby, discharged.
The convention subsequently appointed the
following committee of one from each State
upon the subject:
J. C. Winston, Bangor, Maine; Edmund R.
Peaslee, of Dartmouth College, New Hamp
shire j Joseph Perkins, Castleton, Vermont;
Qeorge C. Shattuck, Boston, Massachusetts;
Elias Hosker, New Haven, Connecticut; Joseph
Mauran, Providence, Rhode Island; Joseph M.
Smith, New York; Lynden A. Smith, Newark,
New Jersey; Jacob M. Grenville, Hollidaya
burg, Pennsylvania; James N. Thompson, Wil
mington, Delaware; Peregrine Wroth, Cbes
tertown, Maryland; Thomas Miller, Washing
ton, District of Columbia; P. F. Peebles, Pe
tersburg, Virginia; 0. F. Mason, North Caro
lina ; D. J. Kain, Charleston, S. Carolina; J.
F. Posey, Savaunah, Georgia; J. M. Clanton,
Warsaw, Alabama; T. J. Grafton, Rodney,
Mississippi; E. J. Fenner, New Orleans, Lou
isiana; D. S. B. Alleyne, St. Louis, Missouri;
J. II. Murphy, Falls of St. Anthony, Minnesota;
Alfred L. Castleman, Delafield, W isconsin ; E.
A. Arnold, Davenport, Iowa; Vierling Kearacy,
Milton, Indiana; Johri Evans, Chicago, Illinois;
J. H. Beech, Cold Water, Michigan; G. Men
denhall, Cincinnati, Ohio; W. L. Saulton,
Georgetown, Kentucky; E.B. Hoskins,Clarks
ville, Tennessee; Thomas Dillard, Philadel
Ehia. United States Navy; Clement A. Finley,
[aryland, United State* Army.
The Late Kmperor Nicholas.
Dr. Mandi, the physician who attended the
Czar Nicholas in his last illness, has published
a circumstantial account of the closing scenes
of the monarch's life. "At ten minutes past
3," says the doctor, "he asked ine. after I had
mentioned the name of his father confemor.
'Must I then die?' I answered, 'Yes Sire.'
Not a muscle of his facc moved, not the least
quickening of pulsation. 'How,' said he, 'can
you find courage thus to doom me to death; to
tell me so to my face?" ''First,' said I, 'by so
doing 1 fulfil a promise made to you a year
and a-half ago; the moment of which you then
spoke to me, alas! has come; moreover, I thus
fulfil a doty to the Emperor. You have several
hours to live; you are in full possession of your
faculties, anu can direct them at your will; at
least, I believe so. Lastly, Sire, I love you,
and this is not the moment to conceal the truth,
which I am sure you can bear to hear.' His
countenance became serene, and he stretched
out his hand saying, 'I thank you.' Such was
- ? ?
There is a kind of phisyogomy in the
titles of books no less than in the faces of men,
by which the skillful observer will as well know
what to expect from the one or the other.
A short time since we paid a visit to "Belle
Air, the residence of L. W. Washington, esq.,
of this county, and having understood that Mr.
? aH in possession of many most interesting
relics of the Father of his Country, we went
alone, thereby to bo enabled more fully to en
joy the sight of, and, at the same time, to han
dle these precious remains of other days: and
to make a note of all we were thus enabled to
We were first shown a sword, and found on
the parchment label thereto attached: "Pre
sented to General Washington by Frederick
the Great of Prussia," with the complimen
tary address, uJ'rum the oldest General in Eu
rope to the yreateat General in the World"
I liis sword was worn by General Washington
as his dress sword, when delivering his mes
sages to Congress. It was chosen by Lis oldest
nephew and executor, Col. William Augustine
Washington, (in accordance with the will of
Gen. W.; leaving him the firat choice of his
swords, vide Gen. W.'s will,) and by bim be
queathed in 1810 to his son, Col. George C.
Washington, of Maryland, and by him to his
only son, L. W. Washington,'in 1864.
This sword is of exqnisite finish, being a
straight rapier with the highest polished steel
hilt, and now in a most beautiful state of pres
ervation; in fact, it has the appearance of be
ing perfectly new, it having been always kept
with particular care. We were struck forcibly
with the difference between the present of a
distinguished King, to a remarkable General,
and the voted presents by our Congress and
Legislatures, to the distinguished military men
of the present day. The compliment of the
former consisted in the delicacy of the offer
ing, the latter in the size and amount of gold
appended to the same.
vVe next had the pleasure to grasp the
sword, appended to which we found the follow
ing inscription on parchment! " Worn by Gen.
Washington on funeral occasions during the
Revolutionary war, and chosen (in accordance
with his will) by his nephew, Judge Bushrod
vv ashington, of Mount Vernon, and by him
bequeathed in 1826 to his nephew, Col. George
C.'Washington, aud by him in 1854 to his onlv
son, L. W. Washington." Then we examined
a pistol (one of a pair) presented by Lafayette
to General Washington, andtused by him dur
ing the Revolutionary war, from whom it des
cended to his nephew, Judge Bushrod Wash
ington, and by him bequeathed in 18l2C to his
nephew, Colonel George C. Washington, and
by him to his son, L. W. Washington, in 1854.
Alter laying aside this interesting memento
of our counlry's friend, gallant defender, and
personal friend of Washington, we took in
hand the desk knife used by our country's
father during our struggle for independence,
which made and mended many a pen which
was the instrument used to convey the reflec
tions of our chief, when even his firmness was
shaken by the difficulties and forebodings
which overshadowed our glorious undertaking
for freedom s cause and a great nation's future
prosperity. 1 his knife has engraved on the
ivory handle, "General George Washington
We were curious enough to stretch our
pocket tape-line on the sword-belt, as worn by
Gen. W., and found it to measure 40 inches
showing that for a man devoid of corpulence
there was a manly frame. Next we had the
pleasure to inspect a case of rare and peculiar
interest. It consisted of a mahogany box
containing a surveyor's compass made by
David Rittenhouse. of Philadelphia, the friend
of Benjamin Franklin. Also, two levels, one
used during the Revolutionary war as a run
ner s ^ level, the other for adjusting the sur
?veyors case, scales, protractors, 4c., complete.
A shagreen containing all the protracting in
struments, in very fine order, and two surveyor's
chains, together with the wooden pins used
with the same. It is certain that these inter
esting relicts have been preserved with great
care by those who have possessed them, and
we feel assured that they are now in bands
where they are fullv appreciated, and will be
taken care of until the next generation shall
claim their keeping. These instruments were
used by General Washington in 1749, when he
was 17 years of age. They were carefully pre
served by the General, and at his death in
1799, they descended to his oldest nephew and
executor, Col. William Augustine Washington
of Haywood, Westmoreland county, Va^, at
whose death in 1826, they descended to' his
son, Col. George C. Washington, of Maryland,
by whom they were presented, February 10
1854, to his son, Lewis W. Washington, of
Belle Air, Jefferson county, Va.
These relics have been in Maryland since
1810, and are again returned to Virginia
where their first polish was worn off 106 years
since. They certainly must be looked upon as
the most interesting mementos connected with
the early history of Washington. Each year
adds an additional interest to these relics, and
in time they certainly muBt be looked upon as
the rarest curiosities connected with the early
history of our country, and particularly with
respect to him who was so justly styled " the
Father of his country."
Mr. Washington also kindly showed us
many letters from the General's brothers,
nephews, nieces, and distant relatives, (Mr!
W. having nearly all the private correspon
dence of the General,) therefore has in his
possession much that is interesting, as con
nected with the Washington family, and also
the confidential correspondence of the distin
guished men of the days of the Revolution
with General Washington, on subjects of pecn
We have been thus particular with reference
to our notes of dates and facts connected with
these interesting relics, as they are matters
deeply connected with the history of onr coun
try. Many articles of much interest shown us
by Mr. Washington we have omitted to men
tion, being particularly absorbed with those
which presented an attraction so rare and
pleading. Charhntotrn Free Pre*?.
From the London Times.
Royalty and the Italian Opera.
Last night the grand event came off which
has been so long anticipated, which has excited
an interest so intense in all circles, and to wit
ness which sums of money have been given
unexampled in the annals even of the Italian
Opera. Her Majesty the Queen of England,
in company with her distinguished guests and
allies the hmperor and Empress of the French,
attended the Royal Italian ()pera in state, anti
Beethoven's opera of " Fidelio" was performed
Since the "Cob#te Ory" was played on Tues
day night, the whole interior of the theatre, as
if by inagic, had changed its aspect. Perhaps
so much was never done before in so short a
lime scarcely forty-five hours having elapsed
between the end of one representation ana the
beginning of the other. The occasion, how
ever, was worth any amount ot exertion, and
Mr. Gye, who has had loug experience in such
matters, and whose taste in decoration is un
rivalled, was not likely to let it pass without
doing honor to his illustrious visitors and credit
to himself. The Royal box, situated, as before,
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