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KltlTKU MY *? * UVEKTON. CH. MAUK1CK SVITit AND MVKKUiY TUCLER. MAY 24, 1856. r ?\ "? P-Sti:m, in our authorised nireiit I >r rollectinir aocounTs due this office, xnd for ol? t lining Dew subscribers in Virginia. KANSAS. The audacity of assertion which characterise, all the anti-slavery papers, in speaking of the late election there, and the unpardonable misrep resentations of Gov. Reeder, are in perfect keeping with the tactics of that party, whose reliance is in misleading the public by oft repeated falsehoods, as often refuted, and perfectly well known by the utterers to be falsehoods. We ask the question?Was not the right tQ vote at the late election claimed bv the abolition emigrants, though but a day had elapsed since their arrival, and thus allowed? Was any ques tion then made, or is it notr made as to them, whether they had come there temporarily to vote and establish a freesoil government, or whether they were there as permanent settlers? Most of these went without their families. Why are the Missourians alone called to an account, to have their votes challenged, denied, and denonnced as illegal, when they were there as voters under cir cumstances similar to the Abolition Emigrants, for whose right to vote no one is allowed to offer a question, although many of them arrived in Kansas subsequently to the Missourians. The facts, as we have always supposed them to be, arc simply these, and we ask correction from any source capable of giving it authentically, if we err in any respect. A large number of the people of Missouri had determined to emigrate to Kansas, and were pre paring to go, when they learned the affiliation of Governor Recder with the anti-slavery party, and believed that the tendency of his official con-' duct would be to give to them the preponderance in the election. This, Governor Reeder's own declarations make apparent, as he objects, not to the newly arrived emissary of abolition, voting, but to the newly arrived Missourians only. And it may be asserted as a fact undoubted as the sun at noonday, that had the Missourians voted the anti-slavery ticket, they never would have re ceived the anathemas of Governor Reeder, nor would his Parthian arrows been shot at them on his retreat. This state of affairs compelled the Missourians to hasten their movements?to do as did the Abolition emissaries?go without their families to select locations, to prevent this unnatural policy of Governor Reeder, and then return to Missouri for their families, and proceed to their ]>ennanent settlement in Kansas. Had not the Missourians the same prima facie right to vole as the Northern emigrant? It is true " two wrongs do not make a right," but in the name all that is fair, just, aud honorable, should the one party committing precisely the 'ame lfro"? the other, not only escape the shafts of Governor Reeder's wrath, but be en couraged and fostered by his official influence and power, and the other parly, abused, outraged, and circumvented in every way that his ingenuity oould invent ? Why, it i. too simple a proposition to present to our plainest reader. We unhesi tatingly and fearlessly assert, that if Governor Reeder is permitted by the President to return m kit present capacity to Kansas, then the Presi dent does in effect, nullify the intent, spirit meaning, strict or literal, of the Nebraska-Kan sas bill. This done, and truly will not one stone fee left upon another, of the harmonious, united, and powerful party which placed Franklin Pierce at the helm of State. We say to him, as we have a right to say to him, in God's name let this enp pass from us! Virginia appeals to him, ap peals to him now, haggard and worn as she is by the most terrific contest that has ever wrung her loins, to stand true to her in tius frightful controversy. Bat if he falter*-,/ he hesitates, when to hesiUte even for a moment would lose all, then we say, the consequences be upon his own head He cannot m* see did U. But we hbpe for better things Even the Washington Union?the blessed organ?gives out some hopeful strains. We saw an article from the ? nion of the 18th in our recent visit to Virginia which made our hearts glad. We felt a con scious pride, in reading it, that it was in "part oar work," indeed, until a second perusal, we we were unable to believe it not a plagairism from our own columns. We have not room for its insertion, though it is so very like our own that it is unnecessary. It absolutely thinks the Mis sourians hart been treated badly, that the Emi grant Aid Society people are not immaculate, and should be held responsible for the excited state of feeling in the pro-slavery emigration; it speaks well and deprecatingly of a -cordon" of free States around Misionri; and, in a word, gives evidence throughout of returning reason, and we give it our unaffected greeting. Such evolutions we like in our neighbor. If all its tergiversations were like tlus?if it would never copy into its columns such awful freesoil articles as the one to which we called ihe attention of our readers a few days since, we should get along smoothly to gether. The article in the Washington Union is a good article, as good an article as we have ever seen in it, and it would have been a perfect article but that its love of Governor Reeder restrains it from attributing this difficulty in Kansas to the course he lias pursued in his offi cial capacity. It is, however, a reputable fault, at least, to adliere to a friend through evil and through good report, even at the expose of a truthfbl representation of the cause of trouble. We shall not, therefore, complain too handily of our contemporary for this omission, though we sincerely dcprecate it. We hope, even as far as the Washington Union goes in its editorial of the 18th, that it is reflecting the opinions of the Ad ministration upon this subject. We believe, after a further investigation and other developments, it will be constrained to come over entirely to the view we have taken of the present controversy in Kansas, It will be remembered by our readers, that we never have charged upon Governor Reeder any thing not strictly pertaining to his offnial conduct, nor copied anything from any contemporary jour nal reflecting upon his personal affairs. With them we have nothing to do, unless it is authen tically shown that he has prostitwted his office to their improvement. Hence, too, as an earnest of our sincerity and of our desire not to do injustice, we copy an editerial disclaimer of the Washing ton Union of yesterday, in respect to Mr. J. W Forney, one of the editors of that paper, who, it seems, has been charged with having a connec tion with, and interest in, certain land specula tions in the Territory of Kansas. We hope, for the sake of common decency and honesty, neither of them ha? had anything to do with such spec ulations: "The New York Herald, it is almost needless for us to say, is guilty of uttering n deliberate falsehood in charging that Mr. J W Forney is interested in purchases of lands in Kansas. Wo are authorized to state that he has not now, has never had, and does not expect to have, the slightest interest in any such purchases." CAl NK OK JOY IN VIRGINIA. VV e are just from the old Commonwealth of \ irg'??a. We have l>een to see for ourselves, and to hear with our own ears what the spirit of the Democracy hath to say unto the people. In J3perryville, Kappahannock county, there was an upheaving- of the Democracy, who left their homes and domestic interests to join their brethren in the patriotic purpose of hearkening unto the voices of their anointed, in the just and glorious promulgation of their own true principles. The meeting was large and enthusiastic ? atten tive and orderly?respectable and earnest. In deed we have rarely seen an assemblage, whose bearing and deportment was so admirable Our adversaries?know-nothings, though they be in politics?Jcnrw the resfiect that was due to strangers in. their midst, and to the right of a fair difference of opinion with them upon the subjects discussed This much we feel it proper to say?for it is at lost only when we forget our duty to each other, that danger threatens our common institutions. Mr. Blakey, of Green, led off in a speech ol much cleverness, in which he spared not the rod to the invisible, but perplexing " Sam." He was followed by Mr. J. Randolph Tucker, of Winchester, who spoke for three hours, and we hope we may say, without indelicacy,to the man ifest satisfaction o( all his own party, and here and there received a morceau of unreluctant praise from his well abused political adversaries. Mr. James Barbour, of Culpeper,.responded to the call made upon him in a short address (for it was late) of great force and eloquence. Mr. Barbour, most of our readers will recognize as the gentleman who bore so distinguished a part in the deliberations of the late Virginia Conven tion, though, perhaps its youngest member. His main speech certainly was not excelled by any which we had the good fortune to hear or read. We were reminded of the good old days?(not quite of Adam and Eve) of 1840, 1844, and 1848, when the gentler sex not only adorned our poli tical arenas, but subdued by their presence the roughest auditory, into respectable order and at tention. Wc must not be understood as being the advocates of " strong minded tcjwun," as they are called in other parts of our country, whose only claim to the title is a wicked inter ference with the rights and liberties of our people. By no means. We have no love for such feminine lusus naturtz. Mr. Menefee and Dr. Reed were then called on, who adddressed the meeting for a few minutes, when it adjourned,and all returned to the village delighted with what they had seen, heard, and felt. Thus ended one ?jf the most encouraging po litical meetings in which we have ever taken an humble part. The next day, however, "Sam" determined he would blow his trumpet (for he is his own trum peter) upon the same hill, and having been brought up to respect the "audi alterum par tum" principle, we repaired thither to hear what he had to say why sentence of death should not, on Thursday next, be passed upon him. Well, like all criminals he pleaded "not guilty;" and through most able counsel he tried to establish his plea?not to out satisfaction, however. We heard hut two speakers?Mr. Howard Shackle ford and the Hon. James F. Strother, formerly a member of Congress from the Fauquier district. The speech of the former was marked by much force and ingenuity in the advocacy of his side; and while he preached heresies, (in our judg ment,) he preached them like a gentleman, which is saving a good deal where politics are at dog-day heat. The speech of Mr. Strother, however, we must be permitted to say, was the best and most plausible exposition of the princi ples of the Secret Order that we have yet heard or seen in print. It was certainly a most inge nious effort, and, to an innocent and unsuspecting nature, was not a little calculated to remove much of the sting of prejudice towards the sub terraneans. The attendance, as to numbers, was so nearly equal, that we really could not form any idea as to which party had the preponder ance in Rappahanock. On Monday Mr. Tucker spoke by appointment at Culpeper Court House to an immense crowd, and we only regret this meeting did not more re semble, in order and magnanimity, the two we have just spoken of in Rappahanock. There was much offensive interruption, though it is just to say, the respectable portion of the opposite party was prompt in quelling, and bold in de nouncing it. Everything looks cheering in the old Commoa wealth, and we think we may promise a total rout?horse, foot, and dragoons?of the hitherto invincible "Sam" and his followers. We omitted to mention that the Hon. Shelton F. Leake, of Albermarle, preceded Mr. Tucker at Culpeper, and spoke with his usual force and ability, and sustained fully the reputation he has so long enjoyed as one of the ablest debators in the State. These country meetings are charac terized by a great many good humored jokes and witty speeches; one of the readiest we heard was at the close of Mr. Leake's speech. An old earnest Democrat, flushed with delight at the castigation Mr. L. gave to "Sam," said to an old Know-nothing friend who stood by him: "Well, old neighbor, I^ake has buried "Sam." "Yes," rejoined the old codger, "but he will rise again on the third day." TO-DAY?T?IK VIHUINIA ELECTIOH. This 24th day of May will be an epoch in the political history not only of Virginia, but of the United States. To-day the great decisive battle will take place in Virginia between Know-no thingism and the friends of law, order, and the Constitution. Even as our city readers are glanc ing over these lines, the whole State is in motion. The roads, public and private, are thronged with voters on their way to their county court houses or other election precincts. Scarcely will a ve hicle or a horse be unemployed to-day. The 8tate is agitated from her centre to her circum ference. Nor is this int?rest confined to Virginia. It is co-extensive with the Union. Should the new party, with its barbarous name, its unrevealed secrets, its novel tactics, and its Northern affilia tions, succeed, then the glory of the OH Domin ion will be extinguished. The characteristics of her people will be lost. Her venerable traditions will be dimmed and obscured. She will he disor ganized and demoralized. Should the Democracy, aided by the good and true Whigs whe have united with them, achieve the victory, then, indeed, will this 84th day of May be a proud day in the annals of that Old Commonwealth. Her ancient lustre will be en hanced, and her influence over her sister States increased. We feel an interest in the events of this day, that words cannot express. We cannot permit ourselves to doubt the success of our party, though our opponents seem elated with hope and are clamorous in their boastings of success. I here is one consolation that would be left to ns even in disaster. It is, that so barbarous, so unusual, and so revolting an organization as this new party is, cannot be perpetuated. It may g? up like a sky-rocket, but it will speedily come down like a stick. Yet it would leave behind in effaceable impressions. It would leave disor | gunization and demoralization. It would leave distrusts and infidelities between friends, neigli i bors, and acquaintances. To-day, Virginia will Ik- either effulgent with glory or dark with eclipse. We do not doubt that she will prove herself worthy of her ancient renowu and her high destiny. We look to the result of this election with a hopeful but yet a painful interest. We feel that the character and the influence of Virginia, our venerated mother, are at stake. God speed the good cause, and save \ irgima from the ignominy of Know-noth ing influence. Governor Gardner lias done two good things. He lias refused to obey the petition of the Know-nothing Legislature of Massachusetts, to remove Judge Loriug; and he has more re cently vetoed that bill of abominations known us the "personal liberty bill." Yet tliis just and well-directed veto failod to accomplish anything. When returned to the Legislature by the Gover nor, it passed that body by an overwhelming vote. It is now the law of the Stale of Massachusetts. As we have hitherto described it, it is the worst form of three great evils?Abolitionism, Know- j nothingisin, and Nullification. Whilst we concede to Governor Gardner all the merit to which he is entitled, we yet cannot award to him the credit that some of his South ern Know-nothing friends arc claiming for him, to wit?that of opposing these two measures be cause of his soundness on the slavery question. Now, the only ground assumed by Governor Gardner in respect to these measures is, that the first violates the Constitution of Massachusetts; the last, the Constitution of the United States. Governor Gardner is an arotred anti-slavery man. The following communication is from the pen of Judge Daniel,one of the distinguished judges of the SupreMie Court of the United States. When a gentleman occupying his eminent posi tion, feels compelled by a sense of duty to the public, to complain of the inattention, neglect, and imposition of the managers and officers of such chartered travelling lines, the grievances must, indeed, be intolerable. We invite atten tion to this communication : Abases Practised upou Travellers. Whether any benefit will accrue to the public from a disclosure of the facts herein narrated, may be regarded as problematical; as it generally happens that the traveller, though subjected to abuses like those here described, being urged for ward by the calls of business or sympathy, is de prived of redress for the wrongs he may have suf fered, wrongs often premeditated and practised as means of profit to the reckless and selfish,who are actuated by no higher motive than the pros ftect of gain, or the apprehension of pecuniary oss. It is just, however, that the public be fore warned of evils to be encountered, that they may compare the character and magnitude of those evils with the inducements or tne necessity for encountering them. Upon a recent journey from the southwest by the Louisville, Ohio Central, and Baltimore and Ohio Railroads, what is called a through ticket to Washington city was purchased at Louisville; but alter paying for a conveyance as above, an engagement for the transportation of the tra veler b baggage by giving him a check or ac knowledgment of its reception was refused. The conseauences of such refusal were these: that the traveller at intermediate points on the route was compelled to attend to the forwarding of his bag gage, and was subjected to the demand of an om nibus fee and porterage for the transportation of his person and baggage from point to point, al though his transportation throughout the entire route bad been paid for. The present terminus of the Central Ohio Rail road is at a point on the Ohio river, called Belle Air, said to be four miles below the town of Wheeling, and opposite to a Depot or Station of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, at a place called Be 11 wood, on the Virginia side of the river. From the terminus of the Ohio road, travellers are transported to Wheeling by a steamboat, said (but whether correctly or not, is not known,) to be in the employment, and under the joint control of the two corporations: the Ohio Cen tral, and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Com panies. On the 16th of the present month, the cars on the Central Ohio road, reached the terminus of tins road about sun set. The distance thence to Wheeling, being four miles, and the hour of de parture for the night train of the Baltimore road, between 3 and IU o'clock, p. in. The travellers were here put on board the steamboat, which re- j mained stationary at the place at which she was boarded. To the general impatience manifested at this delay, it was offered as an explanation, tliat tRe water in the river was too low for the boat to proceed. This, indeed, was a discouraging dis closure, as in the absence of tides in the Ohio, i the only alternative seemed to be, to await a rise ?f water from rains ; and one gentleman (Mr. Haymond, of Fair Mount, V irginia,) unwilling to submit to farther detentioft, hired a skiff to convey him across the river. The verity of the ex cuse for failing to proceed immediately to Wheel ing, may, perhaps, be accurately tested by the following facts, all of which can be established beyond dispute, vii: that during the tune that the boat remained stationary, two other steam boats passed up the river, without apparent diffi rulty ; that another train of cars was expected from the west about 9 o'clock; that between 8 and 9 o'clock active and extensive preparations were made on the boat for supper; that the ex pected train did in fact arrive, and that shortly after the contribution for supper was levied upon the travelers (it then being after 9 o'clock) the boat was carried over to the Virginia shore, and from thence proceeded direct to Wheeling, the travelers eastward, male and female, sick and well, old and young, having been with their kigg^ previously put out on the margin of the river, amidst mud, several inches in depth, (for it had rained all day,) in a dark cloudy night, without shelter, without conveyance, and with out guide ; and thus left to clamber up the pre cipitous bank of the river, and to grope their way as best they could to the point at which they might reach the cars of the Baltimore road. In the effort to reach this point, the situation of which could only be conjectured, the author of this statement was, by the breaking away of the loose formation of the shelving Imnk, several times precipitated a considerable distance amongst rocks; his clothes torn from his person, and se vere contusions inflicted, from the pain and sore ness of which he has not yet recovered. Indeed, had it not been for the kindness of Mr. Hayman, and of a Mr. Soay, of Richmond, Virginia, who came with lights to his assistance, if ho had not perished, he must have passed the night on the shelving river cliff; for to his repeated calls for assistance, not the slightest heed was given by any employee of the company, althoughoy some person seemingly in their employment, a demand was made for transporting the bsggage on a dray from the boat, a demand which was unanimously and indignantly repelled. The foregoing statement presents an unexag gerated and unvarnished narrative of facts, all of them susceptible of abundant proof. Who is, or who ought to be, responsponsible for their oc currence, it is not here undertaken to determine. Justice, honesty, the rights of the community generally, the rights of humanity, all demand that they should find a corrective somewhere. Some of the officers of the Baltimore company have imputed the blame for what has occurred to the managers of the steamboat, and claim for the Railroad Company an exemption fronwen sure. If those managers are wholly disconnected with both the corporations between which they intervene, there may perhaps he some show of justice in the exemption claimed; but if the man agers of the steamboat are the agents of either or both of the companies, all force is taken awtly from the explanation attempted, as the latter certainly sustain the obligation of selecting agents who are competent and trustworthy, ana of supervising and enforcing the fulfilment of their duty. Nor, indeed, is it easy to compre hend how an engagement to convey the traveller throughout a giren route?a service for which an equivalent has been received?can in any sense I be fulfilled by abandoning him at some point | upon that route, or by delivering him over to those by whom his life may be imperilled. I P. V. DANIEL. Communicattb. Tbc Clly Surveyor. The office of Surveyor it> one whose adininistra tion requires professional attainment* and experi- | ence, and we believe there are a large nunpber ol intelligent voters who would wish to know which i of the nominees possesses the requisite fitness for the office. The comlbrt and convenience of each citizen, us well as the general health of the city, is, in u measure, dependent upon the competency of the officer having charge of its gradinff, drain age, and sewerage. The expenditure which the Government is now making for a revision of the grades by our able and trusty fellow-citizen, Randolph Coyle, esq., would never have l>een re quired, nor would the mistakes in grading, now past remedy, have been made, had the fitness of the man for the post, instead of mere party claims, been the test in selection. S. T. Abert, esq., who has received the nomi nation of the Union party, is a man in every way fit for the post. His childhood .youth, and oarly manhood have been passed in Washington. lie is identified with the citizens of this metropolis by early association, family interest, and profes sional reputation. Embracing the profession of engineer at the early age of eighteen, he has for eight or nine years been an ardent and assiduous student of his profession in practice and in theory. He has been at various times engaged in canal and railroad works, river and harbor surveys, and river and harbor improvements. In 1849 he was employed by the War Depart ment as assistant engineer in a survey of the Potomac from Georgetown to the Long Bridge, to ascertain the causes of obstruction in the navi gation of the rivjr and the best method of improv ing it. He moie the triangulation, soundings, and map of tlflWiver; supplied the data for esti mating the causes and mode of removing the ob structions; made an estimate for the partial re moval of the causeway, leaving sufficient at intervals to form a foundation for piers, and an estimate of the cost of a pier-bridge. He also made ah estimate of the expense of1 suspension bridge at the islands above Georgetown known as the Sisters. In 1850 he was employed by the War Depart ment as assistant esgineer for the survey of a route by James creek for an extension of the canal to the arsenal for the establishment of a coal depot and other purposes. The interests of the city would be greatly benefited by the adoption of this measure. In both the works just mentioned Mr. Abert acted as assistant to Capt. Graham, and that gentleman's illness and confinement from wounds received in the Mexican war threw almost the entire burden of the field-work, plans, and esti mates upon Mr. Abert, which fact is mentioned in Capt. Graham's report. In 1831 he was employed as assistant to Col. Hughes in the survey of Rock Creek for the in troduction of water into the city. Lieutenant Reynolds shared with Mr. Abert the active field labors. The creek was .surveyed for ten miles from St. John's Church, and the practicability of the plan ascertained. The Potomac was finally chosen in preference, as furnishing a more abun dant supply of water. The topographical map, however, of Rock Creek and the neighboring country will always be of value to the city. In his report Col. Hughes compliments Mr. Abert upon "his zeal, industry, and intelligence" in the performance of his labors. For two years past, and until within the last few months, Mr. Abert had charge of the survey and improvements of the navigation of Tar river, in North Carolina. The improvement was by dredging and dams, and called into play the highest practical and theoretical knowledge of his profession. He also made a survey and map of Beaufort harbor, which was published by order ol the Legislature of the State. His position in North Carolina was highly responsible and honor able, and he enjoyed the confidence and respect of some of the most eminent men of the State. In all these works he proved himself a skilful and accomplished engineer. He also manifested in a marked degree the qualities specially re quired in a City Surveyor, accuracy and industry. In Mr. Abert* well-known integrity and upright ! ness of character there is a guarantee that what- j ever responsibility may be entrusted to him will be discharged conscientiously and to the utmost | of his ability. The party who have nominated him may well be proud of a candidate whose character and reputation have only to be scrutinized to bring forth their merits. Engineer. ENGLISH 1GNOIIASICK OF, AND PHK. Jl'DlC E AGAINST AMERICANS. The Pennsylranistn, in an article on this subject, says: It is astonishing to observe how lamentably ig norant the learned English are of a portion of the globe, but three thousand miles distant, where the inhabitants speak the same language and to a great extent are commercially connected. An English geography published in 1834, and used in the prin cipal academies of London, in speaking of the State of Delaware, says that, "it is an almost illimitable wilderness, where the savage Indian roams in undisputed possession of that vast region." It is hardly necessary to pause upon ignorance so inexcusable. The same book con tains a paragraph which reads: "the manners of the people throughout America, have been made coarse and brutal by the constant scenes of blood shed enacted between the unyielding and heroic red man, and the more skilful and numerous whites." Mr. Charles Dickens has written, that he found American swine more agreeable than American people; and Mrs. Trollope found "the men redolent of whiskey and onions, and the women very childish and pious, and the streets filled with swine." The imaginative, (and we will do him the justice to say,) the inimitable Dickens, elsewhere remarks, that "the gentle men are somewhat slouching in their gait, and talk politics evermore, in a tone between a snivel and arawl, by no means laudable on the score of euphony." Of all the peripatetic oracles who have done us the honor to hallow our plebeian soil by leaving their footprint* on its vulgar surface, none but Miss Martineau ha* rendered unto Americans those things which are American. An antiquarian Mt Bull, enjoying the euphoncous appellation of Woodpeck, has, in a book entitled "Ramble* in the New World," devoted a chapter of some thirty pages to a learned dissertation on the settlement of a Russian Colony on Cape Hen lopcn. Mr. Woodpeck expatiates most eruditely on the immense advantage of "this large colony of hardy settlers" to the United States. That "independently of their importance as agricul turists, they have rendered effioient political ser vice to the government." Jndging from tins, and many kindred publica tions, we might very readily come to the conclu sion, that many ot the "Rambles in the New World" are either bogus, or that the authors have been made the dunes of the "coarse and rude people of America/' The great disparity in the accounts of different travellers on point* of Ameri can character, might also induce the supposition that many of them are like tlie celebrated traveler in Salmagundi, who, happened finAto see in a country town a man with but one eye, at once set it down among other historical facts, that "the in habitants of the town hare but ene eye." Though w? may be the subject of English criticism or foreign cynici*m as a people, yet the country, with its bold and majestic scenery, it* mighty rivers and wonderful fresh water seas, must im press the lover of nature with a feeling of the liveliest admiration. W^hat are the hills and the baby streams of England to the cloud-cleaving mountains and vast rivers of American What the noble'spark to the interminable scenery of the western wilderness. In our own happy country, even the trees are more majestic, and the wood choristers breathe a symphony of more masculine and melodious music. Wo may be rude and fit only to herd with swine, but the wonders of crea tion in all it* sublimity are our*, in this paradise of the western world. Prrfcltyterlan G??fral Assembly. Nashville, May 1*).?The General Assembly of the Old School Presbyterian Church of the United States met here yesterday, and the Rev. Dr. Rice, of St. Lonis, was elected Moderator. To-day the Assembly unanimously resolve4 to meet in the city of New York in May, 1856. AdJonrnnie*it #f th? Mt?i?thaiHI? latnre. Boston, May 21.?The legislature adjourned this afternoon nnt dir. The vote of the House sustaining the personal liberty bill stood yeas to 76 nays. Mannmlsslon of Cincinnati, May 21.?Elijah Williams, a rich planter from Barnesville, South Carolina, arrived here to-day with eight slave*, his object being to manumit the whole, and settle them in Ohio. Just as he stepped from the steamboat into a car nage he fell dead. The slaves of course are free under the State laws. Williams had previously willed them the whole of his estate. Mudrru dUlc Legislation. The cuurso of the Massachusetts legislature at its preheat session, and of the Mew York Leg islature at the one which has recently terminated, is the subject of severe ttdiinadversion among substantial people of both Stalin. Although both bodies are looked upon ait the very worst thul ever assembled in either State, yet both have been rabid in the extreme on the subject of slavery, Both have been hasty, incautious, and extravagant in regard to temperance, seriously damaging the cause which professedly they aimed to promote. Mr. Wendell Philips, an Abolition orator of the first rank, told his anti-slavery au dience at the Metropolitan Theatre, that he would not allow a single member of any Legis lature to be elected a second time, from the cer tainty that, however fresh and pure at the outset, they would be corrupted before the close of the first term. He must have had a very just con ception of the Legislature of Massachusetts and New York, but we ask him to look at the exam ple furnished by the long experience of that por tion of the Union which he daily stigmatises as the slave-hunting South. Members chosen for their local Legislatures and for Congress, ure no toriously returned for years together, not only without a single blemish upon their names, but with the highest advantage to their constituents; the result of a conscientious and honorable expe rience in legislative duties. The difference re sults mainly from the fact, th?t the small mean mon who have reached power through the tem perance and anti-Blavery excitement, go into pub lic life for objects of personal gain, while the Southern legislator, pressed-by the circumstances of his condition?surrounded by a population who are kept in restraint by the constant exercise of the power of government?enters public life to secure to the Southern States those blessings of quiet, peace, and order, which now so widely prevail. We unfortunately huve no predominant interest to call for constant watchfulness, pru dence, and care-, and the alarming fact, develop ed in the experience of Massachusetts and New York, stares us in the face, that most of those who are sent to the Legislature as representatives, become unfit to be returned; the result of only a single year's experience in public service. The most eminent examples of integrity in public life among Southern men, are those of Randolph, of Roanoke; of McKay, of North Carolina; and of Calhoun, of South Carolina. Whilst Northern members yielded to the clamor of their constitu ents in advocating such measures as increased the expanding power of the government, they were invariably on the side of economy, safety, and care. Each of these representatives was continued in Congress from their year of eligibility to the close of a long and useful life, proving that the great body of the people fully approved of the principles on which they invariably acted. If we are told that this policy was forced upon them as the necessary result of their condition, and that the opposite policy in the North proceeds from our exemption from conspicuous dangers of any kind existing among our population, does not the fact of the existence of uniform intelligence and integrity in one quarter, and of uniform im prudence in the other, show that the Union is more important in this view to us than to them? We ask Mr. Phillips whether, if his views of uni vcrsaj freedom were rapidly extended to an igno rant black population, the South would not soon be lowered to the same condition ef legislative degradation that we exhibit, so as to require, as he thinks we of the North do, that representa tives aR a general rule should not be re-elected? What a commentary is Mr. Phillip's speech on our beasted freedom. He informs us that the very experience which is required in the South to fit men for public life, and which there is at tended with the beet results, is the worst prepa ration in the North which our present represen tatives can possess. The discussion which the slavery question must now receive throughout the countiy, while it will develope instances'of occasional hardship and damage sufficient to affect weak minds, will in the end convince considerate men, that it fur nishes a balance wheel to the action of the gov ernment, and represses what would otherwise constitute an irresistible popular movement pro ceeding from the ignorant demagogues in North ern Slates, who are annually hoisted from a low condition into public eminence and power. [Journal of Commerct. U'lial tlu Abolitionists think of raclt other; and what they think of Southern Men. [From the published proceedings of ibe late anti slavery anniversary in New York. Dr. Snodgrass, Vice President of the Kaunas Emigration Society of New York, next took the floor. lie said he had never been able to art with this (the Garrison) section of the anti slavery party; but still he would have done every thing in his power to help it along. Their lead ing principle was the dissolution of the Union, but that proposition was hitherto intangible and indefinite. For one, however, they had a propo sition now before them to build an institution in lieu of that which they would pull down. This is a question practical in its issue, and therefore, for the first time, he could co-operate with the Garrisonians. He proceoded to oppose the reso lution, referring to the Northern confederacy; and in the course of his arguments remarked that while Northern men in Washington and the South were untrue to their duties, and were easily corrupted, Southern men were incorrupti ble. Mr. Burleigh, (indignantly.) Slaveholders are easily corrupted, too, and have $200,000,000 in the slave trade. Mr. Snodgrass. They are incorruptible, while the Northern men skulk like a set of paltroons. Mrs. Rose. I)oyou think that if the interest was taken away from the South, so that the slaveholder should have no interest whatever in holding slaves, that he would then be the self sacrificing man for the sake of the principle of slavery. [Applause.] Mr. Snodgrass. I will say this as the best an swer I can give, that some of the men of the South, who have not a single dollar invested in slaves, and who never expect to have?educated, as they are, in the belief of the Calhoun school, that slavery ia all right and a God-given institu tion?are among the most ardent, sincere, un flinching 8ustaincrs of slavery. Mrs. Rose. They may expect to have some. Mr. Snodgrass. I speak of persons who have not a dollar invested in slavery, and never ex pect to have. Mrs. Abby Kelly Foster. 1 would inquire whether the white people of the South are not the property in a very considerable sense of the slaveholder*? whether the $200,000,009 of property does not control not only the action of the slaveholders, but the conduct of the non slaveholders? whether the non-slaveholders are not completely subservient, from the very nature of the institution, to the slaveholders? Mr. Snodgrask acknowledged that to a very great extent this was so; but stated thai the peo ple of the free States who have gone down South are much worse, and place more barriers in the way of progress than tne Southern people them selves. He appealed to the President to protect him from further interruption. In answer to some suggestions of Mr. Garrison, Mr. S. asked whether ne did think they would have slavery or freedom in Kansas, in ruse of the establishment of a Northern confederation? Mr. Garrison. Freedom, of course. Mr. Snodgrass. I am not so sure of that. Mr. S. continued his remarks in relation to the pal trooncry of Northern men in Kansas. Dtaiiaeha??tti Fanaticism. Bo?to)?, May 21?The Governor's veto of the personal liberty bill has been sanctioned by a communication from the Attorney General pro nouncing the bill unconstitutional. The Renate passed the bill over the veto by a vote of .12 to 8, and the House by a vote of 310 to 70. The de cision of the Attorney General makes the bill of no account. It would appear from the above despatch that Gov. Gardner had previously voted the "per sonal liberty" bill, (which was intended to nul lify the slave law and effect the removal of Judge I^oring,) but the telegraph agent has omitted to inform nsofthe fact. We presume the Governor's veto was based on the opinion of the Attorney General that the bill was unconstitutional, but as it has passed both branches, over the veto it is now a law of Massachusetts, we should think, notwithstanding the opinion of the law officer. The question of its constitutionality will be for some legal tribunal to dispose of when a case arises where it comes in conflict with tho fugitive slave law.? Tid*. Shh. Important from the Rio (Iranilr, Nrw Ori.caw*, May 91.?-We have tidings frem the Rio Grande provinces of Mexico, that another revolution baa broken out, of quite a formidable character. It is reported that Carvajal has crossed the river with 1,500 well armed fol lowers, and is accompanied hy other revolution ary leaders. The Crop* throughout the Couutry. The Cincinnati GaztUe of the 17th instant says: "We liad a visit from a gentleman yesterday, who has traveled through a great part of the West ern States within a few weeks, and he says that in nearly every place he has been, the prospect of a largo crop of wheat in in the highost degree fa vorable." New York. The Albany Regitter of the 17th instant, says: "We were told the other day by farmers iu Or leans and Geuosee counties, tli&t at this season ol the year, wheat never looked more promising. From our visits to several fine fields we think them correct. We measured some spears ol wheat, such as the fields would average, and found them from twelve to fifteen inches in height. The meadows, too, look green, and far mers are preparing to put in their corn. 1 he apple trees are about to bloom very full, and will^ unquestionably bear very largely next fall. Of peaches we cannot speak so encouragingly. We could not find a tree that would, this year, bear a single peach. The trees are beginning to leaf, without having put forth a blossom, so that all chance for a crop of peaches is out of the question*, but the cherry and plum trees are clothing them selves in white, just as they ought. Altogether, the farmers are feeling quite good naturea, and well they may with the present high prices, and the cheering prospect of good crops for the fu ture. The wheat crop iu Genesee promises an abund ant yield. The Le Roy Cazette says it never looked finer. Ktw Jersey. - The Newark Mercury of the 19th instant says: Information from various sections of the country leads us to believe that the prospect of a yield from the wheat and grass crops is highly encourag ing. The severe winter, the backward season, and the continued drought, materially affected the growing crops, but the recent rains have greatly changed the appearance of things, and they now look luxuriant, and are growing finely. The spring crops also lo<jk well. The indications also are that the fruit crops of all kinds will be unusu ally abundant. From other parts of the State we have equally favorable reports as to the prospect of the fruit crop. Virglula. The following is from the Richmond Dispatch of the 18th instant: There is no doubt about the fact now, that crop croaking is reastflhable?a complaining justified by the state of the crops and the unfavorable weather, which is prolonged in a manner that is alarming. The wheat crops gen erally, from the foot of the mountains to below tide water, are suffering?in the highlands more and in the low grounds less. The ohinck bug has attacked it in many sections, and without speedy and liberal rains in those localities their ravages will be immense. In the valley the crop looked well at last dates; but even there the dry weather must be disastrous if continued. Although not the oldest inhabitant, we can say with truth that this spring has been the dryest for many years. Copious rains now cannot restore the wheat in some sections of the State; and whatever be the state of the weather, we expect a short wheat crop. There is one consolation?that there is time to plant corn, and make the most important crop a large one. Maryland. Our Maryland exchanges say that in some of the counties the growing crops are still suffering from drought. In Anne Arundel county, says the Annapolis Gazette, the wells and streams are drying up, and pasturage and water for cattle are extremely scarce. In Prince George's, we learn from the Upper Marlboro' Gazette, the absence of rain fur a long time has caused the grain on thin land to burn, in that vicinity; also, the streams and wells were^ailing, and considerable difficulty is experienced in procuring water for cattle. The Cumberland Telegraph of the 10th instant says: Crops of every description continue to look well in this section. The wheat and rye are grow ing beautifully, and the oats begin to show them selves, whilst the corn is pretty much all in. Should the season prove favorable very large crops will be gathered this fall, as the farmers put in a larger number of acres than usual. Illinois. The Springfield, Illinois, Slate Register of May 4, says that in Central Illinois the winter wheat is very stout and well advanced, promising a more abundant crop than has ever before been produced there. The season thus tar had been very favor able for ploughing and planting, and in a fort-' night probably that work would all be done. Every description of vegetation is said to be de veloping with unusual rapidity. Nearly a third more land than usual has been planted and sowed this season. Fxjually favorable reports are made from Northern and Southern Illinois; and it is thought that if the present prospects are not blighted, a hundred ner cent, more grain, &.C., will be produced in tne State this year than ever before. We think we have somewhere met with the statement that Illinois could easily supply the United States with corn. Michigan. The Detroit Fret Press of the 11th instant gays: From information derived from the local papers of the interior, as well as from gentlemen we liave met frem most parts of the State, we are satisfied that tho growing wheat is in excellent condition. In some sections, spots in fields have been par tially winter killed, but the injury in this respcct is no where material. The insect whish last fall threatened destruction to many fields has disap peared, and apprehension is not felt from that source. The quantity upon the ground is greater than in any previous year. Altogether, the pros pects of a great crop are very flattering. We have heard of spring wheat being put in to some extent, and the high prices of all kinds of pro duce have doubtless stimulated farmers to enlarge I their spring crops to the utmost possible extent. Propitious weather during growing and harvest time will add immensely to the wealth and pros perity of our State. Georgia. We learn from oar exchange* that copious shower* of rain have fallen in every part of the State within the last two week*. The welcome new* dispels all fear of famine. The grain crop in placed beyond contingency. The stand of corn and cotton is said to be uncommonly fine in all southwestern Georgia, though the stock is small. Alabama. The Montgomery Journal of the 12th instant says: W-e have just returned from a visit to Tal ladega county, and are pleased to be able to state that, from what we could learn from fllrmers at tending court, as well as by personal observation, the wheat crop throughout tne county was hotter than it has been for some years past, and that fif teen bushels per acre may surely be calculated upon. The farmers liave very wisely sown more grain the present than in former yen r*. The corn crop was also said to be in fine condition; and the rain of Monday night last will help on the oat cro?. Should no mishap hefall the wheat crop witnin two wo?ks, breadstuff^ will fall in prire soon in that section. Texas. During our absence, says Mr. Maraliall, of the StalrQazrtte of about the 1st instant, we met with Citizens from many parts of the State, and found that the drought experienced here is universal, and in some places much worse than with us. We observed in Walker eounty and in a part of Bur leson, that there was land too dry to plant, and many planters have not yet put in their whole corn crop. The cotton crop is worte than we have ever seen it, and unless we have some rain shortly it will fall ftr short of a usual nop. Cold weather and the cut worm destroyed many fields of corn east of the Brazos. Col. Fesse Grymes, of Grymea county, who has resided some twenty eight years in Texas, told us he never saw such a drought as the present. Wisconsin. The accounts from Wisconsin all agree in rep resenting the prospacts of the growing crops as never appearing better. Florida. The Tampa Peninsula informs us that the crops of corn and cotton are exceedingly promising in the counties of Hernando, Sumter, and Hills borough. In Hernando county as high as a man's breast is not an unusual sight. Calfornta. The San Francisco Timrn and Trannrript says the plant of cereal grains the present year has been much larger (nan for any rear previous. Wheat, in particular, has engaged the farmer's attention, and there is reason to helieve that with an ordinarily favorable season, the product will be much larger than will be required tor the bread wants of the State. Tho lato rains have done much good. The plentiful showers that have of late visited all the valley lands, have afforded a guarantee against the threatened evil. Indeed, the danger, if any, seems to l>e of an entirely dif ferent character. In some sections it is feared that the growth of the plant will he too rapid; that it will run too much to straw, and, before thoroughly ripened, fall and lodge. To guard against this, some of the farmers are resorting to the process of clipping, by passing a reaper over their field-, and cutting the yeung wheat just above tile joiuts. Persona who have not visited the agricultural districts of California, have little idea ol the ex tent and perfection to which farming has been carried by our husbandmen. From the Albuuy (N. V.) Argus ol May l?. Dentil of John C. S|???rr. John C. Spencer, who lor some mouths past has been gradually sinking to the grave, died during Thursday night, in the G8th y?ar of hit* age. Probably there is no man, now living, who has been during so long a period as Mr. Spencer, actively engaged to an equal extent with hiin, in the public aii'airs of this State. He may be said to have |teen born in the midst ol the conflicts ol politics, and to have drank in with the earliest as sociations of his youth, a love for the toils ami excitement of public life. Mis father Hon. Ambrose Spencer?was not only one of the ablest men, but one of the most zealous politicians of his day, and the industry and temperament of the son made him an apt learner in the school in which his early life was Bpent. The politics ol the early part of this century seem to have had an intensity of love and hate (more especially the latter,) which have become obsolete in latter years, and which we by no means desire to see revived. Talents and industry like those of John C. Spencer could not long remain in obscurity or fail to attract the notice of the active politicians of that day. Mr. Spencer at an early period took up his residence at Canandaigua, and engaged in the practice of law?a profession for which the peculiar cast of his mind and his untiring industry especially qualified him. After having held the less important positions of Private Secretary to Governor Tompkins in 1807, Master in Chancery in 1811, Postmaster at Canandaigua in 1814, and District Attorney for the Western District in 1815, his first prominent official trust was thatof member of Congress for the Ontario district, to which he was elected in 1817. He was a prominent mem ber of the famous committee of investigation against the Bank of the United States. At the legislative session of 1819, and while yet in Congress, he received the votes oi the Clintonian branch of the Republican party .which was just then dividing into Clintonians and Buck tails, for the office ot United States Senator, the Bucktails voting for Colonel Young, and the I1 cd eralists for Rufus King, then the incumbent of the office. No election wan effected at that ses sion, and at the next Mr. King was re-elected. He was a member, from Ontario county, of the Assembly which commenced its session in Janu ary, 182U, and was elected Speaker of that body. Aaron Clark, of New York, was clerk. lie was also a member of Assembly the next year?1821. He was elected to the State Senate in 1824- ^ his term commencing in January 1825, and con tinuing for four years. During this period, Gov ernor Clinton was in the gubernatorial chair, ex cept from the time of his death in February, 1828, to the close of that year. In 1825 a law was passed for the revision of the statutes, and appointing to that important duty John Duer, Benjamin F. Butler, and Henry Wbeaton. In the spring of 1827< Mr. Wheaton resigned his place in consequence of receiving the I appointment of Charge d'Affaires to tlic Court ot Denmark, and, on the 21st of April ol that year, Governor Clinton appointed Mr. Spencer to fill the vacancy. Mr. Spencer took a leading part in that great work, for which his sound judgment, his legal knowledge, and his industrious research bad admirably qualified him. The people of the State owe to liis memory a grateful regard for the service which he rendered the cause of jurispru dence as a member of that commission. Great excitement was produced in the western part of the State by the allej^ed abduction of Mor gan, and provision wns mane by law for the ap pointment of a special prosecuting attorney to aid in detecting and convicting the offenders. Mr. Van Buren, during the brief period of his occu pation of the gubernatorial chair in the early part of 1829, appointed Mr. 'Spencer to this duty, which he entered upon and pursued with hif usual persevering industry and ability, but at length abandoned, because he did not deem his efforts properly sustained by the State authori ties. These occurrences threw him into associa tion with the Anti-Masonic party. In 1831 he was a member of Assembly from Ontario county, and also in 1833. He rendered signal service in the modification of the laws so as to abolish imprisonment for debt. In 1839, the Whig party having come into power, he was elected by the Legislature to the otfico of Secretary of State. His labors in that office, as in all other positions which ever fell to his lot, knew no cessation. He was particularly vigor ous in his attempts to improve the Common School department, and his efforts induced the passage of the law providing for County Superin tendents. Indeed, he was accused by his uoliti cal oppoucnts of doing the work ana regulating the action of several of the State departments be sides that legally assigned to him. In September, 1841, lie accepted the post of Secretary of War under President Tyler, and re mained in Mr. Tyler's cabinet till 1844, since which time he has not occupied any official posi tion. Although Mr. Spencer has always displayed consummate ability in the public offices which he has filled, the legal profession has been the field of his greatest achievements and his truest fame. As an able lawyer, in the most comprehensive sense of the term, he had no superior. His power of grasping, elaborating, and exhausting the most difficult and complicated questions, has seldom l>een surpassed. It is very rare that lawyers, en gaging as much as ho in political life and employ ments, are able to keep up, and especially to aug ment their knowledge of their profession. But his official duties were not discharged in a way to dissipate his legal acquirements or unfit his mind for professional investigation. Office with him was no sinecure, but he steadily grappled with the principles, as well as details, of the action which it involved, and came forth from it with an intellect enriche<l by additional discipline, rather than enfeebled by an effeminate exercise of its powers. His time, since his retirement from public of fice in 1844, has not been spent in enjoying the leisure to which most men would have deemed themselves entitled in the evening of such a la borious life. His interest in the learning am? the practice of the legal profession, and in all matter of State and National legislation, never flagged, and constantly prompted him to the performance of mnch labor which was not induced by any ex Cectation of pecuniary compensstion. Seldom as a session of the Legislature passed, without frequent applications to him by senators and members for advice in framing bills which in volved difficult legal or constitutional questions, and it was always readily given, and frequently laborious service was performed. Mr. Spencer's triumph's in the battle of life were those of the intellect. He won and held utrong holds as a concession to his power and in domitable will, rather than the arts of intrigue, the wiles of diplomacy, or the graces and seduc tions of personal and social attractions. The Kinney Case. pHii.ADr.i.rniA, May 91.?The cage of the Uni ted States vs. Colonel Kinney wan resumed this morning before Judge Kane. Mr. Dallas argued in favor of a reduction of bail and a Bpecay trial. He read a number of affidavits, one from the owner of the utenmrr, testifying that there is no nrmninont or powder on board, or intended to bo put on board ; that the expedition is for colonizing only. He states that the steamer has been ready for sea since the 7th instant; and that the delay renders Colonel Kinny liable for fl,900 per day demurrage. He closed bv repeating his demand for an early trial. Mr. Vandyke, trie district attorney, stated his inability to nring up the caee before two weeks, on account of the ahscnce of witneaees, Mr. Dallass said that that delay would be fatal to the expedition?it might as well be delayed two months as two weeks. Aflqf some conversation the rase was postponed to the next term, two months hence, with the un derstanding that the sailing of the expedition need not be delayed. The defendant renewed his bail to the same amount?$4,500. RoRBr.RT on tiiit Car*.?The Home Stiilirul says a person from Weatehester county, by the name of H. Woods, was robbed on the cars last Tuesday evening between that place and IJtica, of some six thousand dollar*. Mr. Woods is ex tensively engaged in the drover business, and waa on nis way up from New Vork city, going to JefFeraon county to purchase horses and cattle. The money was put up in a package, and sewed up in a pocket inside Mr. W. s vest. On the cars he remembers of a man coming te him and com plaining that he had his scat. He made room for the stranger, and fell into a doze. He dis covered hia loss when nbont to register his name at ft hotel. Hi* vest had lieen cut open, nnd the meney extracted.