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Washington sentinel. [volume] (City of Washington [D.C.]) 1853-1856, June 16, 1855, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82014835/1855-06-16/ed-1/seq-3/

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From ik? FajrcticvilU Olitrw
Horn. Jmhm Kerr mm M
Mi pku Mm; Tlt? position I m? urcu^jr in
IO|Uli id th? MW pollt>? al IH|UIIMUmI OwMUHtltt
Iy ctlltd Kuu?-uuUiiii|i, liu aubjacM mm to
much iiuiufl ccntuit frmu Uw lilwiwli uf that
party. 1 am not m to |iiUtc o^?im
mi to permit the itUcki wliieii Un bin Mil*
upon my ukKivm to pt*> m Iwut mIim.
You, in thia m iu tnrjr tiihor iiwitai* is which
I Inrt attract**! public notirf, have UulM mm
courtooualy, and though, duuUlr?i, many ma
lign suggeaaions may have been made to yon iu
n^urd to ma, jou have ahetainsd froui liipMeh
ing my motivt-a or attacking my c?ur#e. I have
no (taper, however, in Uw State to aid or defend
me, and no cubaliatic cou utile?4a nrara >umbt
nation?to promote my internet and a-sjure my
election.
Your very uaeful paper dm ulates extensively
in my district, anil I am induced to balieva that
you will with pleasure atiiurd ma the uae of ita
columns to act forth aome of tha raaauna by which
I am governed in pursuing the course i hava been
compelled, by a aense of duty, to adopt.
i am Mir, at ever, a whig, deeply convinced of
the conservative tendency and uiitumic* of whig
principle*. The more I atudy them, the mora
thoroughly am I aatiafiod that Uie printiplea of
government which Henry Clay alwaya main
tained throughout hia loiig and glorioua carver
uro tho true principlca of our Constitution, and
miiHt sooner or later prevail over all oppoaition.
The greater portion of my life has been spent in
defending these principles-'-however feebly, y#t
most earnestly. In times of pro?j??rity to our
causo I have rejoiced; in times ol adversity I
have mourned; but never have I drtamtd of de
serting the "old paths" of political aafety, and
joining any combination or party, new or old,
that would not support and carry out the political
faith of our great republican tckig fathers.
No, sir; I am so weddod to the doctrines of
Washington and Clay, so determined to defend
them to the last extremity, that, coma what may
to me personally, I will adhere to my position
and defend my colors though all my former com
rades shall ilee fall, and "leave ine solitary
and alone, anddxhe jeers and taunts of my op
ponents."
I am aware that the whig party is now dis
banded, but whig principles and whig moaaurea
are not,*on that account, less dear tome. On
the contrary, I cherish them still, and urge their
adoption and support upon others with the
greater zeal and earnestness because of the dan
ger which threatens our country.
Wo are threatened in every section with ruin '
by the influence of factions and the triumph of ?
combinations which are founded upon dogmas '
repudiated by or unknown to our father*.
Abolitionism and nullification, the offspring of
the different extremes of the Union, are now in
harmonious combination at tho North; and the
conservative people of the South arc invoked,
under a delusive guise, to join the unholy alliauce. 1
Wo are told, in language as deceptive as plau- ]
sible, that it matters not what a man's political
principles are?whether ho supports whig mea- J
Biires or democratic measures?if he will onl^r join f
the netc party he shall bo supported for ottice as (
the friend of "American principles." Now (
really, this looks a little too much like "putting j
. on the turban and turning Turk for thx sale nj (
the plunder." Can this government be adminis- ,
tered except upon principles? and are not either ^
whig principles or democratic principles right? t
A fusion of different politics and different poli- |
tioiaps in the democratic party has long beey jin <
objection urged to that party by the wings. But ]
now it seems we are called upon to join in ^n t
effort to out-Herod Herod, ana win the bad re- i
nown of carrying the principle of combination j
further than it has ever been carried before in i
order to obtain office. Verily, I can acquiesce in ,
no such movement. That there are good con- 1
servative men in the democratic party none can 1
doubt. And it is equally true that in both parties
there are mere time-servers who aim more at per
sonal promotion than at the good of their country.
Now, if we look to the leaders of this new organ
ization we shall not fail to perceive that somo of
them arc such as have often changed their party
rolations, and taken position where the chance of
promotion was best. Is it not a little strange, my
dear sirs,, that I, who have never, in or out of
Consrreps, deserted or renounced one single whig
principle?who have always adhered to the for
tunes of my party?should be road ont of tho
communion now by certain newly-constituted ex
pounders of whig orthodoxy, while such gentlemen
as Mr. J. B. Sheppard, Mr. Wm. K. Kane, and
Mr. David Reid are received into full fellowship
and made leaders by men with whom they have
no politidal principles in unison? Has Mr.
Sheppard ever renounced his democratic creed?
Has Sir. Kane? or has Mr. Reid? Not at all,
so far as I am informed. Then, how can they
bo regarded as better worthy of whig support
than myself upon the score oi principle?
The new organization have often published to
the world as one of their principles that they re
pudiate the doctrine of availability in the selection
of candidates for office. How, then, does it lutp- '
pen that in democratic districts they have thus
far in our State selected democrats, although
whigs belong to their party? If availability is no
part of their creed, then why not nominate know
nothing whigs in the Edecomb and Wake dis
tricts?
Pure as they profess to be, scornful of the cor
ruption of the old parties, it does nevertheless
Beem that though on purity they are bent, they
"have a frugal mind," and resort as much to
availability to obtain office as any other party.
But secret, political oath-bonnd associations
are always dangerous to liberty, and can never
be justified in a free country. The Jacobin clubs
(secret political societies) ruined France at the
period of the first French revolution. Lafayette
distinctly charged them with it, and all the world
now admits the justness of the charge. Yet they
called themselves the only true Frenchmen, and
put all to death who did not agree with them,
when they had them in their power. Republican
liberty, under the auspices of Lafayette, dawned
upon France, and for a brief season illumined
the political horizon with the brightest hopes. In
an evil hour secret societies (like those now ex
isting among us) were established, and by their
dreadful influence liberty was destroyed, and
tlpon its ruins the reign of terror arose; which,
while it lasted, filled the world with consterna
tion, and France itself with blood, and tears, and
tortures. In imitation of that bad example, tho
Democratic clubs were formed ifi our own coun
try during the Administration of Washington,
snd but tor the sublime moral courage and re
sistless influence of the Father of his Country,
they would have forced us into a war with Eng
land, and into all the frantic schemes of conquest
and aggrandizement of the leaders of the French
revolution.
Washington has warned his countrymen against
such societies in his Farewell Address.
Some of the objects aimed at by this new party
I approve. I am now, and have been for years,
opposed to the influx of foreign paupers and
foreign criminals into our country I nave already
made that manifest by my course in Congress.
But I will not consent to any system or policy
which would exclude all foreigners from our
shores. The good shall never ny me he indis
\ criminately proscribed trith the had. When an
j oppressed exile from a land of despotism is driven
upon our shores, if he be a man of virtue, I will
receive him with generous hospitality and wel
come him now, as our forefathers were wont to
welcome such, to the " land of the free and the
asylum of the oppressed."
All foreigners should remain hero long enough
to learn the nature nnd practical operation of our
institutions before they are allowed the right of
suffrage. Congress, however, has no power to
correct the evil of alien suffrage. This power
remains with the States, and therefore the con
nexion of the topic with the election of members
of Congress is wrong. It is intended only for
effect, and is used to promote the success of a
faction, whilst it cannot possibly do good to the
country.
But there is still another objection to tins new
Eiarty, which, if possible, is stronger than any I
mvo stated.
They seek to inflame the worst passions of hu
I man nature by connecting religion with politics.
C That every man has the right to worship God
L according to the dictates of his own conscience
I is a fundamental maxim of republican liberty, nor
I has it heen questioned in our State, until very
lately, by any intelligent man, since the days
when we wfcre juat omerging from the thraldom
of English and Yankee bigotry, I am a Protest
ant, and consider it a blessing that I am no de
fender of the Catholic Church, or of Catholic
persecutions. But I do believe that Catholics,
like all other sects of Christians, have good and
bad among them; and whilst I would oppose tho
I bad J iriW respect the good.
It is unjust to charge that* all Catholics are
under a foreign allegiance. We know th?t auch
is not the truth. Our own State has ever re
I* arded Wm. Gaston as on honor to her history.
Ir. Badger recently pronounced in the Senate
baauUAi] and just encomium apoa Chief Justic*
Tanav All applaudod it who urd it. Yet
Mr. OmIoo *m a Ca'huiic, and a ?? ranay.
The fop* cannot g >rn ? J A niun his
?wn immediate Stat- in temporal latter*; how
liieui 111
mfmgm and At U> . .un> ita || pruU' ted
?i MWlft i .ciM.it array. That Catholic* will
?W be able to supplant U?* Protectant rel.g ion
?? thla owuntry ta simply mtourJ. No intelligent
?nan need to fear such a raault. Wa have the
j ^r0?rm%d it for thMiiiilm. And
the ??,'<""?? of th* paat prove* tiiat Catholic
?? ?H*a frequently converted to Protestantism
?? ?'?? i-oontrj than Protectant are to Catholi
? M?ee the eatnhlt*hmeut of nur present
fi.rm of government, it u a well-attested fket
that between all and eight million* of Catholic*
bavriiiimifrau.il,, our shores There are now
here, however, only about one Hullioa. What
haa be. oine of the oth.-r five iths ' Converted
l" Protect* num Fiftjr jean ago, and there
?*? other reltfienieu in Louisiana except
Ituman Catholic*. Now they rank aa third in
paint of number* m that Ikale. Methodist* and
Bantiata ara aach mora nu me rone than they.
What do thee* Ikrti prove' They prove clearly
that Catholic* ara mora likely to be converted by
Protectant* than Protectant* at* by thorn. If
Protectant divine* and Protectant Christian* will
only do their duty, and will r*ly upon spiritual
weapons instead of carnal, oar religion it in no
danger. But if jpreaeher* forget their high cal
ling and turn politicians, and pohlicwM take in
ehyg* the holy interests of tha Church, then,
???ad, may wa wall fear the mo*t disastrous ra
ault* both to rahfton and tha State.
"Iliatorv la philosophy teaching by example. *'
LM m, then, profit by tha aapartonoa of our
"fct her land" upon thia anhject. Tha tyranny of
tha Htuarta wa* for a hrief period overthrown,
and tha friend* of liberty aimed at the establish
meat of a republic They fa.led in their effort*,
boeauM a religion* /War mis
lad il*elf with tha politic* of th* time*. Amid
the at rife of wrf*ri?a?, and the attempt of politi
cians to *ecure the pertly if th, Ckurrk, the >*rtl
of liberty expired, and on the throne of the Htu
*r^* *a" seated for a tunc a despot more ab*?lute
than ha whose head he had brought to the block;
till at length Hie people, disgusted with the hy
pocrisy of politician* and the r ant of religionists,
recalled to Ina loat duminmna tlie sou of ( harbw
the I- irat, who reigned for long > earn, and swayed
I deh|H?tic Mrplrt over a ppoplft but r? ? cully in
love with liberty, hut m.uie abject ami *:.li*??r
vicnt by the revulaioti produced by the inauspi
cious Conjunction of religion and polities?a con
junction which ever has, ami ever will result in
corruption in the Church and despotism in tire
Btate.
v?f truly and respectful!, Tour friend.
Mat 2i>, 1*55. JOHN KKIUt.
DTSIck Headache Remedy.?A remc.iy lor
Ihe ai.-k ilea.'ache, wkiah hasbeen recentlyodered
to the public, i* attracting great attention. not only
l>y reason of the vary satisfactory testimonial* to
it* efficacy which have been volunteered by many
who liuve l>een benefited by it, but also i?-causc
here wre ao threat a number of people who are af
dieted with the distressing complaint. for which
110 medicine ha* before been uutdc public. Dr.
East inun, who discovered the edaa.y of hi*, "rem
sdy" ia a pbyaician iu thi> city, ia high atnnding.
with a larirc practice. He i? * phyaicnui in whom
jreai coiitidcuce i* placed; nnd v. e do not wonder
hat hi* remedy for a very common disease,which
las been ao long needed, haa attraete.lt he attention
}fnll aullerers Iroui hcadui-hc wiio have hear.I of it.
Prom our own knowledge of'l)r. KHxtmanV char
icteranjj practice,we have no doubt that the med
cine deaervea the favor it receives, and that it will
?rove to be a gre t benefit to a!) who may tive it
i trial.?Lynn Nrto.i, Drcmthr, 1
For aalein Washington by Z. D.GILMAN, and
?y the druggists. Apr 2
1.. J. M IDDLDTOH,
DEALER IN ICEi
Ofjicr nnjt Drpot South side F, vrxt to cor. \ hh *t.
ICh kept constantly on hand at the office, which
can be had in large or tmall quantities.
ID" Office open from C a. m. to 9. p in.
May 3?3tn\v2ui
LlliilltAK^ and Historical Miscellanies,
by Grorge Bancroft.
A Journey through the Chinese Emp re, by M.
Hue, authorol Kecoilectioua ol a Journey tliroutrh
Tartary and Thibet.
History lor boys, or Annals of the Nations of j
Modern Europe. R. FARNllAM.
May 17
PROSPECTUS?SOUTHER N CONMbK.
vative Magazine.?When new as])iranis
tor popular favor are aunounced, the public have
a right to demand the grounds upon which such
chow of title to their patronage ia made, in ac
knowledgment of this, we trace the customs of
parties in the avowal of principles; of religious
sects, in the promulgation of creeds; and of per
son* in all pursuits of life, dependent u|?on the
puMic for success, in their preparatory exposition*
of plans and purposes The customs thus origin
ating, thouak sometimes *bu?ed, are useful snd
proper, and should not be discarded. And when,
in obedience to custom, new plans are proporcdj
tho?e approving ought not to withhold their en
couragement, as too many do, until they see that
success is sure, for their aid may be needed to
secure it. Such a foolish |?olicy as this jeopar
dizes the plan th?ry approve, and hastens its failure ;
it has defeated many important enterprises, aud
has deprived ihe country of good and useful works.
If a new proposition of any kind is approved by
ihe public, the support ol those approving is of
right expected, their approval being solicited only
in the view that their more substantial aid will
not be withheld.
BRIEF OUTLINE OF THE PLAN OF THE
PROPOSED PERIODICAL.
1 hi Southern Conservative Maoazixr will
occupy grounds but little cultivated by American
magazinists. It is believed that a field is open for
a periodical of a new and, in some respects, a
higher order than has been aimed at in our maga
zine literature. In this belief, snd with such an
aim, we announce the Southern Conservative
Magazine.
The new magazine will lie natiot al and not
sectional; claiming no merit by virtue of its es
tablishment in the South, but aiminar at a higher
usefulness and a more general acceptability.
It will be Frotestnnt, but not sectarinn; opposing
relisrious bigotry or intollerance on the one side,
and infidelity on the other- laboring in Us teach
ings to advance a closer union between the several
branches of the great family of the church.
It will b6 political, but libers!; owing no slavish
allegiance to parties or politician*, it w ill advocate
measures, not men, and will labor only for the
success of principles.
It will be progressive, yet sternly opposed to
the reckless spirit of innovation no rile in the
country?aiming to elevate snd advance, not de
press; to reform and improve, not to destroy;
sacredly adhering to the true intent of our great
republican theory, and tailoring to advance it to
its fullest development.
It will be truly American in tone and sentiment,
but will repudiate nothing foreign, merely because
so; believing that the good, the useful, and true
belong not, par excellence, to any favored people,
but are Ihe common right of all
It will be the organ of pure con*ervaii?m.
It will encourage n high-toned literature, and i
defend pure morals in all the social relations of
lite.
And it will number in its corps of regular con
tributors some of the ablest political and literary
wriiers of the country.
Ti e magazine will be printed on the finest
quality ol paper, with new type, and iu a plain
but superior style.
Each number will contain not less than GO large
octavo pages, made up of original articles, con
tributed and editorial ? reviews, political and
scientific essays, romances, poetry, Ate.
Wc promise much for the new magazine, and
we intend to perform it all, and more, it the read
ing public will give the enterprise a liberal en
couragement.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
The Southern Conservative Magazine will be
issued; the first of each month, from the office of
publication, Nashville or Knoxville, Tennessee,
and will be furnished tfc suscribers at four dollars
n year, or three dollars if paid punctually in ad
vance. Publication will be commenced the 1st
day of January, 18JV5. Address orders to the
editor and proprietor.
W T. HELMS,
Knoxville. Tennessee.
May 31, l-f)f>.
FLA1H, by Anna Cora Mowatt, author of
Autobiography of an Actress. Price fiOecnts.
Ihe Hour and the Man, by Harriet Martineau
Price 37J cents.
America and the Americans, by W. E. Baxter
M. P.
Fairy Tale, by Countess d'Aulnoy, translated
by J. R Rnoche. Illustrated.
Histcry of Priestcraft in all Ages and Nations,
by William Howitt.
A School of Life, by Anna Mary Howitt. Ju*t
received at TAYLOR Ar MAURY'S
June '2 Bookstore, near 9th street.
rUttKIQM 1TK11M ?* TH? ATLANTIC.
Th? American Vend With Arwi for Hu?
lU Overhauled.
Msmkl, May 2t?.?When the steamer Driver
wu aout into Uie Baltic ports to serve tho vessel*
lying there with official notice of the blockade,
she found, among other American ships, the
Samuel Apple ton, of Boston, which was also
nerved with a warning to cloar out withiu t>ix
days. , .
A day or two afterward*, when out cruising,
the steamer lell in with tho Appleton, and an
officer ww no lit on board, who examined her pa -
l<er?, and found theiu perfectly in order, where
upon the officer demanded to see the bill* el la
ding. The Americau captain objected, and began
to make difficulties, but the officer insisted, when
it turned out that the Appleton had just landed
at a Initio port 50,000 rifles and 10,000 revolvers,
besides about 800 bales of cotton as the ostensi
ble part of her cargo. The ship was then care
fully overhauled, but nothing contraband of war
waa found.
From the Londou Times, May 'J9.
The Capture of Krrtsch.
The victorious occupation of Kertsch by the
allied forces, the command wo havo thus ob
tained of the Cimmerian Bosphorus and the sea
of Axof, and the establishment of our power
upou another point of the highest strategical irn
y..tUin?! iii iin lUissiuii toriitoiies, are events
w I.k ii augur auspiciously lor tho succesn of
lite campaign.
The satisfaction which this achievement will
?ante in all parts of tho world where sympathy
is felt for the causc of the Allies, is increased by
lite lortunate circumstance that this success has
been obtained without a single casualty. In spite
of tin* warning given to the Russians by the re
call of the first expedition, nearly throe weeks
ago, the result shows that they had not means to
place the straits of Y emkale in an efficient state
of dtleuso.
They evacuated and destroyed forts which
gijtwilr.l tiie sea of Azof on the arrival ol the
Coatbitied fleet, and the birthday of tho Queen ol
England was worthily celebrated by planting the
standards of England and France upon the hill
which traditiou has described as the tomb of Mi
tlindstra. Tins reeult is inore glorious and ex
traordinary, as the Russian* must long have fore
seen that such an operation would sooner or later
be attempted, and there is no point ill the vast
dimensions of Russia the loss of which is inore
formidable to that empire.
Indeed, if the Allies procecd no further than to
occupy and hold tho Straits of /Senikale. and the
a-'iaeent peninsula of Kertsch, which is easily
defensible by any power having command of the
sea, they would remain in possession of the key
to one of the principal approaches to the Russian
tcrritoiics. In lf.il no less than 1,000 trading
vesHels passed these Straits.
All the commercial towns which it hus been
the policy of the Russian government to protect
and foster with tho utmost care'Tor the last seven
ty years, exist only by the freedom of trade be
tween the Sea of Azof and the Euxinc. The
whole cx|>ort* of the valley of tho Don and its
tributaries, and the communication between the
Don and the Volga which places the trade of that
mighty stream in connection witli the markets ol
Kur. pe, all depend on this neck of the Sea of
Axof. .....
On the Asiatic show of the straits tho Russians
have also destroyed their fortifications, so that
both sides may be occupied, and the allied fbrccs
threaten to blockade Anapa, which is the key to
the whole Circasiao coast. Kertsch itself is a flour
ishing town of 12,000 inhabitants; built entirely
of substantial stone houses. A more favorable
position either for military or commercial opera
tions cannot be found.
The Jast dispatch from Gen. Pelissier announ
ces that the allied forces have now occupied the
whole line of the Tchernaya, and -that this opera
tion mot no serious resistance, the Russians hav
ing speedily retired behind the hills. This fresh
success confirms us in the opinion that the unseen
strength of the enemy in the Crimea has been
overrated, and that it is by no means in the condi
tion to oppose the simultaneous combined move
ments of the three armies at Eupatoria, Kertsch
and beforo Sebastopol.
The greater probability now appears to be that
on tho advance of the allies in that direction they
may assume the offensive, and the Russians find
themselves compelled to retreat lrojn inferiority
of numbers and want of supplies; and more so as
the sea of Azof being navigable for our steam gun
boats, their base of operations may be threatened
in the rear.
The ground we now occupy in tho Crimea gives
us command of the Black Sea and the Sea of
Aiof, from which Russia cannot dislodge us until
tho termination of the war, and then not upon her
terms but our own; and the time is not distant
when she will regret far more than we need do
the failure of late negotiations for peace. Our
hopes of peace lie in victory ; our negotiators and
conditions arc in camp before Sebastopol, and
Kertsch is another material guarantee for our ulti
mate success.
From the London Times of Msy 30th.
The Ulrpr of Sebastopol.
The siege is proceeding with great activity, es
Fecially on our extreme left attack, where General
elissier has given fresh impulse to the operations
of the French army. The entrenchment between
the Central Bastian and Quarantine Fort was
taken in the successive nighu of the 22d and 23d
instant. Gortschakoff states that the Russian
forces lost 2,500 men in driving back the enemy;
but in fact they did not drive back the French,
and their losses amount to twice that number/
Pelissier expressly reports that his troops are
definitively established in the works, by which
wo understand that the line of Russian counter
approach is turned against the place and forms
part of the south parallel of attack.' The French
arc also constructing and arming new breaching
batteries within one hundred metres of the place.
Instead of sorties directed by the Russians against
the lines of besiegers, we have now, therefore, ad
vanced into position of the works of the enemy,
and on all points steady progress has been made.
On the 25th of May, Pelissier reports the occu
pation of the valley of the Tschernaya. During
the whole of the winter, the allies have l*sen lo
trenclied on the southern side of this stream, and
defended from attack bv steep cliffs which en
close the valley. The ftuasiana held fortified in
like manner the northern hank, on which lie the
ruins of old Inkermsnn. Their guns ia position
commanded this valley, and sometimes reached
our encampment ou lbs other side.
As lone as they oeeupied those heights in force
it was impossible for the allies to descend to the
river; and as we sre informed that river is now
within our lines, it must be inferred that the
forces whieJi commanded it from the opposite
side have been withdrawn. Indeed, Peliaseer e?
pressly sUtes that the enemy not heme in foree,
made very little resietanee, and speedily retired
to the mountains.
From the I xmdon Times of the 5mh.
llreacih sf the Allied Korc?* Rseelas
Ratal Faster Aaslhllaled.
The strength of the allied powers new m the
fie?ld is nearly 900,0011 men, who surround Sebas
topol, and thresten the short* of the Crimea from
Kertsch to Kupatoris. It ? probable that e?e this
a second expedition for the fitraits U Vemkall has
alrendy sailed. The last French sMacks on the
fortification* had been equally gallant sad seee
cessfol. The garrison was most severely pressed,
and the Russian srmy of the interior Mill
less. Ever) thing denetm the immediate ap
proach of m??re vigorous efforts and mees derisive
events. .
I'nder such eirrumetance* the interraptieei m
the Vienna (Vmference ran he as subject sf re
grct; hut, on the contrary, the mere the prep*"1
turn* made tliere arc examined, the h-*s adequate
I do they appear te terminate the great eostsd In
I which we are engafai. ? , _
Although KeltsMopol is net takea, ll?w?e?
ships are sunk, dismaatled, and dedisyed, The
crews have fought batteries wdh
during the whole siege, mid st tl
ment that naval power of Rows h _
which she still boasts of is, dr forts, annihilated
War Mstiaesli.
The Sardinian contingent te the f>>mea is
placed under General Csnrobeet
France has sent, altogether, one hundred and
eighty-two thoussnd troops te the war, ef stm-h
one hundred and tnenty tboo*ad resaiaefw
live.
General Vivian was about to organise, en the
plain of I'nhtan Hkelesaia, a camp sf reserve *f
twenty-five thousand men,composed of an
Turkish legion snd Turkish refotsrs.
K dispatch from V ienna slate* that the o^ce
pntion of Oalelt and an attach upen Ismail and
Reni Hi confidently spoken of.
Preparations were making far aa expedition
north of Sebastopol. for the purpose <4 catting oM
Russian communications with that place
KRAIfB.
The Gmcelm contains a decree placing m a *at?
of siegu Arragou, Navarre, aud the city of Bur
go*. The Government haw asked the Cortes for
extraoi dinary powers and authority to bauish
suspected persona, and to suspend hostile journals,
which had been granted.
Various War Items.
Apprehensions had been loudly expressed in
camp before Sevastopol that the arnty would soon
be destitute of water, but the possession of the
river Tchemaya will supply the want.
During a recent encounter before Sevastopol a
Russian bugler, quite a young boy, leaped on top
of the British parapet aud sounded the charge,
He was instantly shot with numerous balls, and
his body fell into the English trench.
Miss Nightingale had been laid up with fever,
but was recovering.
All stratagems, they say, are fair in love and
war. The British ship Highflyer captured a boat
containing a new carriage belonging to the Gov
ernor of Kertach, and the captain of the cruiser
sent in a flag of truce, offering to restore the car
riages. The offer was accepted, and the English
boats took it in, at the same timo taking the
soundings, which enabled the English fleet to fol
low. r
A private letter from the camp, dated May 14,
contains the following: " We have had a terrible
work here at Sebastopol. Last night the 18th
regiment fired on the 68th by mistake. The Rus
sians made an attack on the advanced batteries,
and were repelled by the 68th and rifles; the Rus
sians returned in a short time with reinforce
ments, again attacked the batteries, and a fearful
struggle then took place. The reserves were
then sent up?the9th, 68th, and 44th?and when
they got into the advanced trench, both sides
were so covered with mud that we could not tell
Russians from Englishmen, so the reserved open
ed fire, but it was unfortunately on the poor 68th.
They then charged on them, when tney found
out their mistake, but not till a good many of the
68th had fallen. However, the Russians had it
hot and warm ailerwards.
ENGLAND.
Lord Strangford, formerly minister to Brazil
and other courts, died on the 29th ultimo. Lord
Charles Manners is also dead.
Mrs. Thompson, the Jessy Lewars of Robert
Burns, died in Dumfries, on the 26th, at the ad
vanced age of nearly four score years.
An agitation has arisen for the introduction of
tiio Maine law into Great Britain, but without
the remotest chance of success.
Grisi is singing to full houses, and the Prin
cess's is crowded every night to see Henry Vlll.
The Hon. Mr. Fillmore, ex-president of the
United States, arrived in England by tho Atlantic
on the 27 th ult.
FRANCE.
The intelligence of the successes in tbe Crimea
excited lively satisfaction in Paris, and the sub
ject of speculation now is, what effect those suc
cesses will have on Austria.
Marshal Harispe died on tho 26th, at Bayonne,
at a very advanced age.
M. Drouyn de l'Huys is about to resume the
duties of the foreign othce.
Hon. A. C. Dodge, United State* Minister to
Spain, and several American officers, were re
ceived by the Emperor of France on the 26th of ]
May. They were introduced by tho Hon. John
Y. Mason, our Minister. Messrs. Caas, Belmont,
Siebels, and O'Sullivan, American Diplomatists,
are also in Paris, with a laj^e number of Ameri
can visitors.
Great interest is expressed in political circles
nbout ex-President Fillmore, whoso character is
highly appreciated in Paris, and a more welcome
guest to that city, it is said, the unirersal exhibi
tion cannot have brought.
SPAIN.
Madrid dates of the 30th state that the insur
gents at Capsi and Alcanitz were defeated on the
^8th. Two leaders and a priest weri shot. The
provinces were tranquil.
HOLLAND.
The Dutch Government has just concluded
with Prussia a convention of reciprocity in the
coasting trade.
6 ITALY.
The Eruption of Mount Vesuvius
Naples, May 19.?Vesuvius has now nearly
done its bidding, and seems disposedio rest from
its labors. 1 speak, of course, compatatively, for
it is still active?still forms a magnifkent specta
cle from the capital. The cascade of fire?one
of the modern wonders of the wo'ld?is now a
blackened mass; and, contrasted vith its late
brilliant appearance, strikes one as ,f it had been
arrested by some fell disease which had converted
it into this stiffened, discolored corpse. All fear
of any further damage is now, 1 think, removed,
and has been for several days. There was a sus
pension ef the flow of lava for about eighteen
hours. \ . .
In the direction of Cercola, however, it is still
running over the old bed, and has passed beyond
Pfcillo. _ _ 1 . ?
There was a grand fete at St. G?t>rgeo di Cre
mono, near St. Jovio, on Sunday kst, in honor
of the saint to whoso influence isittributed tho
stoppage of the lava in that directi >n. His ma
jesty was present, and the cardinal j reached, giv
ing the patron saint due honors onMie occasion.
A promotion in the army took plafo?that is to
say, St. George received his colonePsepualettes,
and adds one more to the number >f saints who
are on the Neapolitan staff. The Madonna Im
macolata was made generalissimo,It will be re
membered, recently. St. Januarys has long
been captain-general, and St. Glorge is now
raised to the rank of colonel.
RUSSIA.
letters frotn St. Petersburg st4e that some
produce continue to be purchased a(id forwarded
to the frontier, but that holders ire not ready
sellers. With regard to the gran in the Azoff
Sorts, an opinion is entertained by persons in the
Iritisli trade that much of what j remains may
poMibly share the fate of that wlich has just
been burned at Kortsch, as the Rlssian officers
would be certain to prevent its falling into the
hands of the enemy. The bulk belongs to Rus
sisn.or Greek owners, but a smdl quantity is
held for British account.
I^etterh from St. Petersburg to tie 18th speak
of the tremendrous military prep^ations which
are eon!inning to be made to recetore the allies
They confirm the fact already knoton of St. 1 e
tersburg having been declared in wait is called a
"state of war, that is, placed coi*?letely under
military jurisdiction, and no one being allowed to
visit Oronstadt on any pretext. Tlfcy also relate
that a certain degree of terror is fit at the sight
of the famous militia recently raised These men
wear, it is said, a sort of sack, havfc a large cross
mii the heart, and though badly aribed, are a set
of fierce looking savages.
A dispatch from Konigsberg, dated 31st ol
May, says that a supplementary ukase has been
issued by the Russian Government, which com
mands all the peasanta in the State dominions,
from JO to 35 years of age, to be included in the
levy lately ordered in tlie seventeen western Gov
ernments. , ...
Ht. l'ETE?i?tncH, May 90?-Advices of this
day's date, state that there is now a strong party
in fhvor of the conclusion of a peace. It is stated
that the troops now in Hebastopel number about
Sfl.OtMl men, and the plaee ? provisioned for eight
month*. __
iWKIIKIi
We hear frose Hturkholin, under date of May
II, that great preparations are snaking for war,
and that free* recruits are being enlisted and si
hi iand as fast as they can proeuwd.
TI'RKBT.
L tlrft frosi \ imsi, ae wall is the journals
from that city. announce that the ^'tOf, despair
ing of a sin i sesfal dsfonss of the "ri wa, has re
vived an le new tag hie a I tempt upon Constant!
nonle. fee boldly marching across the Damibtan
Cnaripsl'txs.
ItHINMTItil. *|.wa.-t?e h??r Just
letr i red a latst iMonsvst el IKH'TS and
foe Infose1. ?swees' sad ebildres s wear,
vlweh we nCri very toe,
Ladies' tlaHsH frees II ts II
M save' rsiT- el every hind. Is peepettioe
i h ( luUrs a's Mere we hsee ssefy motor sad
**Vtoe issuer j. sj isft) is. Where eaa we tad a
? i K| gti ?b?ws foe i'hildsen ' We eaa
??? ,j| ?rh sunn it the* aMtsfoetios if
ihef firs ?* s call
We e we>d aton elate thai we are pepares to
maeeta? tare rvery aisle of ham or aaeee sasally
aaea he aeathrmea. MMhaa. misses or children
Akeo oa bead eeery description of hoots sad
I .k ?? wbM-h wdt be sold eoey tow
Call ted esam.ee the y?eeae?vee beloee par
I etoewbere aa we aee determined la soil
? C MILL* k CO,
vs.. i -j. N't t*w ?t
,m\ rim aiittl ar Aaeele ai
!t??*ee af Msulera karope. le I. O.
TAVLOft A MACAV s
H.-?he?<?ee aaer ftlh st.
? HIKTs Mikrte 1 a l?e a??MmeiU ef
I n in siirmsa i Drees Mhirta at ?opener a veiny.
eWa. toy W Ai.l. * ?TKPH IKS.
I v.
Pa aen eeat deer la Iroa Hi
I'otal anb ^trsanal.
7 be Man with tlic Kazor Powder is in
town, and ban been " holding forth" ui street cor
ner*, vending his ware* Ilia predecessor, neve
ral months ago, win aa quick la Ina elocution aa
Caleb Quwteui, and ua truthful, probably, aa Major
Longbow, but not comparable with Epaminon
daa, who, it ia aaid lo the credit of that gentleman
of antiquity, " never told a lie," and who lina but
comparatively few imitatora in thia unporant re
spect, throughout the world; certainly not among
thoae who sell razor powder.
But the itinerant in w in the n-tdst of up, if he
does not attract crowda of men uud boy* by his
truthfulness, rivets attentiou by hid' not claaaic
and, to himself, not fatiguing haranguea, all in
praise of the peculiarly giitty dust, packed in
little boxes, at "the exceedingly low price of
twenty-live cents a piecu." He hua but,pne arm
?we canuot aay it ia the right, because it is the
one left?and with thia he pliea a razor over a
strop sprinkled with the powder. Hnd which atrop
be holda iirmly by pressing (he handle of it
againat hij 1.read-basket, while the end in lodged
at a tabic. Wiping the instrument Irom heel
to point, he amuse* the crowd with his oruiorical
gaa; and then, by way of proving th>; truth of the
auperior excellence of hia powder, he dextroualy
clipa paper or briatlea from hia own head with the
edge of the glittering steel. Thia is the argu
mentum ad homitum, and secures the sale of
several boxea. of which there are alwaya " a few
more of the aame sort left."
Smith, the razor atrop man, waa the first to aet
the exnmple of street peddling in such wares in
our city, and he adroitly manuged to escape the
payment of a hawker's.license, by an inglorioua
retreat, thus ahaiuig the corporation. There waa
versification or rhyme in hia speeches, and he
waa, owing to the novelty of his recoinincnda
tiona and boastings, in the facilitation of his trade,
a prominent out-door attraction.
All who have (ollowed in his footsteps, engaged
in similar pursuits, have displayed more tact than
talent, and more gas than brains; but they huve
been equally as successful in busings, if we can
form an estimate from their ready sales. Pro
vided everybody could, with the same powder,
sharpeu a razor as well as they do, the article
would be cheap; lut the purchasers, nine out of
ten, at- least, realize that they are deficient in the
practice which makes perfect, and that their
razors are injured rather than benefited by ra?p
iug them over the "magic powder." .
The Expenses of JLivIng.? It is said that,
"owing to the very flattering prospect for a heavy
crop of grain, our flour market appears inclined to
droop." It certainly is the desire of all consumers
that this event may speedily take place, for, the
best brands of family flour are still selling at the
extraordinarily high price of thirteen and a half dol
lars a barrel, by the retail.
With regard to marketable*, the exorbitant .
rates are not only maintained, but, on Thursday,
they advanced a shade higher, though a complaint
of scarcity cannot be uttered. The dealers estab
lish, by combination, the highest possible prices,
which are generally uniform, and thus competi
tion is excluded.
As compared with the prices two or three years
ago, the cost of living is twiee as high as it was at
that time, on an average. There has been an ad
vance on every article which enters into house
hold consumption. If the pecuniary income of
the consumer were proportionately increased,
this state of things would make no difference; but, ,
as it is, the unjustifiable exactions for market sup
plies bear peculiarly hard on the community at ,
large, and especially on those who depend on
tbeir honest, daily toil for subsistence.
The predictions which have been repeatedly 1
made, of late, of a speedy "tumbling down of ,
prices," do not seem to be in the train of early ful
filment in this section of the country. '
We repeat*.there is no justification whatever
for the continued high rates of the necessaries of J
life; as there is of them an overabundance. The
venders have not even the excuse of "Congress
being in session," as if that honornble body and
the strangers attracted hither, during its delibera- ]
tions, were like an army of locusts, eating out the
substance of the countryman and the huckster!
? i
The Washington News. ? Our respected '
neighbor, Wm. Thompson, esq , will hereafter 1
publish his paper but once, instead of twice a ,
week. He is induced lo this course by circum- i
stances beyond his control; finding, since his con- '
nection with the corporation was dissolved, his (
receipts from subscriptions and advertisements \
have not remunerated him for the heavy expenses '
of publishing a semi-weekly paper. It will be
recollected that the late City Councils thought J
proper, under the influence of a proscriplive i
spirit, to deprive him of the Corporation printing,
and his office of a police magistrate, amounting,
by its direct and indirect operation, to not less
than one thousand dollars a year. He now re
spectfully and earnestly appeals to all his political ^
and personal friends to sustain him; and the more (
ae, as he has contended " earnestly and unflinch
ingly, amid evil as well as good report, to main
tain the constitutional rights of the naturalized
citizen, religious liberty, and the freedom of the
press;" and will continue to rfppose the Know
nothing machinations.
Concert.?The citizens of Washington are to
be treated to a rich musical entertainment, on
Monday night, at Carusi's Saloon. It will be un
der the direction of Prolessor T. Ahrend, the cele
brated performer on the violoncello. Mad'lle Do
Boye, well known in this city ;<s a performer on
the piano forte, will preside at that instrument.
In addition to the merits of this lady and gentle
man, other eminent talent has been engaged for
the occasion, so as to render the concert deserv
ing, in aU respects, of the public patronage.
fourth of July.?We notice, in our exchnnge
papers, thst preparations are in the course of be
ing made all over the country for celebrating the
spprosching anniversary of the declaration of our
country's independence from British rule; in some
sections, in a style of magnificence heretofore un
surpassed. So far aa concerns this metropolis,
there will be many pleasure excursions on that
day; snd, in the evening, a splendid display of
fireworks, at the public exi>rn?e.
fnsi. Ingraham so well known lo the world,
and psriirularly to Austria, a* the commander of
the St l?ui?. in connection with the Ko*zta re*
rue, in the port of Smyrna, has arrived in Wash
ington on official business. His merit* as a man
have endeared him to thousands of heart* not
leas than his gallant bearing as a naval officer.
Removal*.?There have been several removals (
of late from the Government departments of per
m>*< of Know-nothing preclivities; and there
a#?ms lo be a strong suspicion thnt others, of
similar views and affiliation, will likewise soon be
decapitated.
Health.?The healthfulneaa of Washington is
pWsaurably attested by the fact that, during the
! Month of May. only fifty-five interments of dc
| eea-ed person* were reported to the Board of
Health
The ?eere<arj of the Interior returned to
Washington laat night from a visit to hia home
' M Michigan.
TRAVUIjINa
AND* post office information.
NATIONAL. HOTKL.,
E. D. W1LLABD,
Corner of Uth st. nud Pennsylvania av<
BROWN'S MAKIlLE HOTEL.
PENNSYLVANIA AVEM/E,
WASHINGTON CITY
VLINT'M HOTEL,
NEAR THE NATIONAL THEATRE.
No. 314. Front on Pennsylvania Av.
WILLARD'8 HOTEL,
CORNER PA. AVENUE AND 14th Strut.
J. C. <fc H. A. Wlllard.
KIHKWOOO HOUSE,
No*. 370 and 1472, Pa. av. and 12th at.
J. H. & A. W. KIRKWOOD.'
For Baltimore,
The cars leave Washington daily at 0 and 8}
A. M., and 3 and 4} P. M., except Sunday, on
which <4ay they leave at 4 J P. M.
For Alexandria,
Thts Washington and Alexandria boats eave
hourly. Fare five cents.
Fcr Roekvlllc,
The stage leaves the oifice, corner of D and 6th
streets, every morning at 7 o'clock. Fare SI.
For Upper Marlboro',
The stage leaves the office, northwest corner of]
D and 8th streets, every morning at 7 o'clock.
Fare SI 50.
For Gordonavllle,
The cars leave Alexandria daily, at 7J o'clock,
for Gordonsville and intermediate places.
For Richmond,
The boat leaves the whjarf at the terminus of
12ih street daily at 6 A. M., and 7 o'clock, P. M.
Fare $5 50.
For Leesburg,
The stage leaves the oifice, United States Hotel,
every Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday.
California Steamers.
The regular mail steamers leave New York on
the 5th and 20th of each month. Persons desirous
of writing from this city should mail their letters
on the 3d and lStb of each month, by 2 P. M.
The Post Office.
The Northern and Eastern mail is opened at 8
o'clock, A. M., and half-past 7 P. M.; closes at 3$
P. M. and 9 P. M.
The Great Southern Mail is opened at 8 A. M.,
and closes at 6 P. M. The Southern Mail, as far
South as Wilmington, North Carolina, arrives at
half-past 3 P. M., closes at 9 P. M.
Tiie Northwestern Mail is open nt hajf-past
P.M., closes at 3 P.M.
The Western Mail is open nt 8 o'clock, A. M.,
closes at 3 P. M.
The Norfolk Mail arrives at 11 o'clock, P. M.,
closes nt 2 P. M., daily, except Sundays.
The California Mail, direct, closes here on the
3d and 18th of each month, at 2 P. M
The Warrenton Mail arrives rt 11 o'clock, A. M.,
closes at 10 A. M.
The Warrenton Springs Mail arrives at 11
o'clock, A. M., closes at 10 A. M. and 9 P. M.
Rates of Postage s
Each half ounce, under 3,000 miles, prepaid, 3
cents.
Each half ounce, prepaid, over 3,000 miles, 10
cents. _
All printed matter iu general?anywhere in the
United States:
First three ounces 1 cent.
Each subsequent ounce 1 cent.
If not prepaid, double these rates
But?
Newspapers and Periodicals?paid quarterly
in advance:
First three ounces J cent.
Each subsequent ounce lucent.
And, If weighing not over 1J oz., in the State
where published, one-half of the above rates, and
weekly papers, in the county where published,
free.
Small Newspapers aud Periodicals?pub
lished monthly or oftener, when sent in packages
weighing at least 8 oz., prepaid, 1 cent per oz.
Pamphlets o( 16 octavo pages or less, I cent
an ounce.
Books, bound or unbound, weighing not more
than 4 pounds, may be sent by mail, for each oz.,
as follows:
Under 3,000 miles, prepaid, 1 cent. Unpaid, 1} ct.
Over " " u 1} " " 3 cts.
Fractions over a single rate are charged as one
rate.
" Periodicals, in the sense used above, are
publications issued once in three months, or
oftener."
The California Mail Steamers sail from
New York on the 5th aud 20th of each munth.
REGULATIONS CONCERNING HACKS
AND HACKMEN.
How to Know who the Hackman is.?All hacks
are required to he licensed, and to have the num
ber of their licenses to be painted in black figures
[>f not less than two inches in depth, on the front
and side of each lamp attached te such carriage j
ar, if there be no lamps, the numbers shall lie con
spicuously painted on each side of the driver's
box.
In case any stranger or other person feels him
self aggrieved by any hack-driver, let him obtain
the number of the hauk. How to reach him with
the law is hereafter pointed out.
Ratks of Faek Allowkp by Law.?For each
passenger for any distauce Hot over one mile and
a half 2.0 cents.
Over one and a half miles, and not over
three miles 50 "
When detained on route over five min
utes, driver to be allowed, in addi
tion, for each quarter of an hour de
ned 12| "
The above are the rates allowed between day
break and 8 o'clock P. M. After 8 P. M. the rates
of fare allowed are as follows:
For each passenger for not over one
nuleandahalf 37} cents.
For one and a half miles, and not over
three miles 75 "
For detentions, for each quarter of an
hour lb| 41
Rights sf Persons Hiring Hacks.?When
more than two persons are in a hack the driver is
not permitted to take up another pastenger with
out the consent of persons already in his hack.
When any number of persons employ a hack
the driver is not allowud to take up any other poa
senger, provided the occupant will puy him the
fare of three persons.
Hackmen are allowed to receive a greater com
pensation than is fixed by law if it be voluntarily
offered by the passenger: but if he receive the
same without informing the passenger that it is
greater than his legal fare, he j* guilty of having
demanded the illegal fare.
In Casks of Refusal by Hackmen to take Pas
st.nores.?Hackmen are required by law to carry
all passengers rendering them the legal fare, unless
previously engnged for the time necessary to trans
port passengers offering him the fare, under a
penalty of five dollars.
When a hackman shall refuse to take passen
gers, on the plea of a previous engagement, he is
required to give the name and residence of the
person by whom he is so engaged, under a penalty
of live dollars.
If it should appear that the plea of a previous
engagement was a false one, or that "the informa
tion of tbe name and residence of the person riven
by t^ie hackman was false, then the hackman
incurs a penalty of five dollars.
Penalty for Demanding Illegal Kare.?The
penally for demanding a higher rale of fare for the
transportation of passengers, is live dollars for
each offence ; and the person paying the illegal
fare may recover back the amount over and aboVt
the sum allowed by law.
Where illegal fare is demanded or received of a
stranger, or any person who shall not at the time
have resided twelve months in the city, the pen
alty lor so doing is iloubl', or ten dollars lor each
offence.
Sleighs.?The rates of fare and all the other con
ditions, terms, and penalties, prescribed by law for
the regulation of hackney carriages, apply to all
sleighs running for hire within the city of Wash
ington.
Drivers.?No person under sixteen years of age
is allowed by law to drive any hack, cab, or sleigh
for hire in this city, under a penalty of Ave dollars.
How to Vindicate the Law.?Strangers and
others arriving in the city by the Baltimore and
Ohio railroad, who shall apply to a hackman lor
the use of his vehicle and be refused, or who shi.ll
be asked and required to pay over and above tiie
legal rates of fare, will observe the number on the
hack, and immediately inform the police officer
whose duty it is to be in attendance at the depot.
That officer will protect the passenger from impo
sition, secure him a hack, and prosecute the of
fending hackman.
Any refusal or neglect by the police officer at th?
! de|>ot to execute the law in this respect he know ?
will bo followed promptly by litis dismissal.
Strangers reaching the depot from steamboats
j or other plnces from whom illegal tare is demanded
I will apply to the police officer iu attendance, whose
' duty it is to ascertain whether the lure deuiauded
, , be illegal, and if ?o, to prosecute the oileiiding
hackmnn.
1 *" : -- ?'??mmmmmmtmm
SlfjRTS! SHIRTS!! SIIIUTS 1!
I \\r "? KVULKNUU, the oaiy practical
f f Shirt Maker in the city, would respectfully
inform hiit old cuvtomers, members of Congress,
and iilraD^eri, thut by leaving their measures at hi*
Shirt Manufactory they can have whirls made of
the best material and warranted to fit in all cases
; 'j1? reputation which these shirts have acquiredin
thi* city, induces the advertiser to invire those
gentlemen who have been troubled with bad Ailing
shirts to give Aim a call feeling assured that they
will, on trial, ndmit their superiority.
?"sign of the Shirt, Pennsylvania avenue,
between 3d and 4i streets, south aide.
I1- S.?A good assortment of Furnishing Goods
on hand, which will be sold cheap.
Nov. 30?eodlm jUnion and Star.]
"THE SPECTATOR."
A Weekly Journal Published at Wash
ington City.
ri^HE undersigned propose to commence
JL about the first of June next, in the City of
Washington, the publication of a weekly news
paper, to be called the Spectator, designed for
general circulation among the people of the United
Suites. Its columns will contain a full digeat of
tlie news ot the day, foreign and domestic,* a
weekly review of finance and the markets; a
synopsis ol tho proceedings of Congress during
its session; tables of election returns; the impor
tant political action of State Legislatures, and of
party conventions; interesting miscellaneous and
scientific matter; articles on Agriculture, together
with original articles upon the leading topics ot *
the day. Much valuable information relative to
the operations of the Executive Departments, to*
gether with a weekly list of new patents, will be
found in its columns. A large portion of ita
space will be devoted to light literature, original,
anc^selected. Its location at the political centra
ol the Union, will afford opportumtes always to
procure the latest and most reliable information
on public aifairs.
It is the intention of the undersigned to make
the Spectator un acceptable visiter to every
house in the l/nion, and it will therefore not as
sume on any occasion the position of a partisan
paper, nor will it owe any allegiance to men; but
entertaining fixed and decided views on questions
0 I political economy, and upon our system of gov
ernment, it will disseminate and promulgate them
as occasion may require?always keeping carefully
hi view the interests of the country, growing out
01 foreign as well as domestic affair*.
Hie Spectator will be printed in quarto form,
on good paper and new type; each number cOng
taming eight pages of matter, making one volume
annually ol 4KJ pages. Each volume will be ao
Coiupauied by a lull and comple index to its con
tents, thus milking it a most valuable paper for
preservation and"reference. It will be published
every Saturday morning, at 62 per annum, payable
always in advance. No paper will be continued
beyond the lime lor which it is paid.
All subscriptions and communications on busi
lies* should be addressed to the undersigned at
Washington, D. C.
AUG. F. HARVEY & CO.
^Washington City, April 13, 1855.
NEW EDITION OF DICKENS'S Com
plete Works.?The complete Work* of
Charles Dickins, in five volume*; price $7 50.
1 he Missing Bride, or Miriam the Avenger, by
Mrs. Emma D. E. N. Southworth; paper Si.
bound $1 25. '
The Pickwick Tapers, complete, 50 cents.
Just published, and for sale at
TAYLOR <fc "MAURY'S
Mi?y Bookstore, near 9th st.
TO LOVERS OF THE FRENCH LANGUAGE.
rP*IE Advertiser, a Frenchman and erad
X "ate of the Polytechnic School ot Paris, re
spectfully offei s his services as a teacher of bis
unlive tongue to Schools, Classes, and Private
Pupil* of this city and vicinity. The system he
follows to facilitate the acquisition of the French
Language, unites in due pioportion theory and
practice; by which are avoided the difficulties the
student often meets with in pursuing one of the
many theoretical grammars, uot sufficiently show
ing the idiomatical part of the language, or a prac
tical one, in which the necessary grammatical
rules, if not entirely, at least far too much, are
neglected. In following these theoretical gram
mars, the student must have experienced that
after having devned a long time to the mere me- *
morizing ol sentences, he find himself in posses
sion of a number of set phrases, valuable it is
true, but from which, destitute of landmarks, the
slightest deviation must lead him into unknown
regions.
The advertiser feels confident in the assertion
that the pupil, in adopting his method, may, with
a liltle effort, alter a course of forty-tight lessons,
understand and speak the French, and find the as
sistance of n teacher not necessary in the further
prosecution of the studies of that language.
Instruction in Pencil Drawing. Pastel Painting,
and Penmanship, can also be had from the adver
tiser. \
References in success in teaching, etc., etc., will
be given.
Address Victor Evrard, City Post Office, Wash
ington. May 22?tf
EAHL OF CARLISLE'S DIARY.?
Diary of Turkish and Greek Writers, by the
Right Hon. the Earl of Carlisle, edited by C. C.
Felton, Greek Professor in Harvard University.
The noble Earl is wall and favorably kno*vn in
this country, bavin* travelled here while he bo**
the title of Lord Morpeth, and his work will be 4
read with great interest by ail who have devoted
any attention to the mighty events which are now
taking place in the Eastern World. The period
embraced in his journal is one of deep signifi
cance, being at the very commencement of hos
tilities, nnd the persons introduced have since
played eminent parts in this terrible historical
tragedy. Professor Felton has added full and co
pious notes to the American edition, and the work
is beautifully illustrated. It will hereafter be re*
garded as a valuable, historical record of this in
eresting period.
Just published and for sale by
R. FARNHAM,
June 12 * Cor. 11 st. and Penn. ir.
C A PON SPRINGS, VIRGINIA.
rpiIE "MOUNTAIN HOUSE*," at this well es
X Iablished and popular Watering Place, will
be opened on the 20th of June. '
The cars from Baltimore arrive at Winchester
daily at 2$ o'clock, p. m. Two lines of stages,
ow^ned by different proprietors, affording travellers
the sdvanlages of active competition, lesve Win
chester at 3, p. in., and arrive st Capon at 64 p.m.
A train leaves Alexandria, daily, at 7$, a. m.,
and arrives at Stratburg, on the Manassas road,
at 11J n. m. A fine stage line, owned by the en
terprising firm of Farish <fc Co., leaves Strasburg
on the arrival of the cars, and reaches Capon at
4 J p m Passengers leaving Baltimore at 4i a. m.
by the Washington road, connect with this tram
by steamboat at Alexandria, nnd can breakfast on
the boat. The connection with Baltimore by this
route is certain, and the trip pleasant and expedi
tious.
Board per day 82; Week. $12; Month, $40;
Children and colored servants half price.
T. L. BLACKMORE,
THOMAS B. P. INGRAM.
June 7?if
FAUQUIER WHITE SULPHUR SPRINGS,
VIRGINIA.
rpiIIS highly improved nnd fashionable Watu
X inq Pi.ack has be?n thoroughly refitted for
the coming season, and will be opened on the 15th
of June.
By the summer arrangement of the Orange and
Alexandria railroad, two trains leave Alexandria
daily for the Springs. The morning train, at 7$
o'clock, connects with stages at Bealton Station,
nine miles from the Springs, by a good country
road. The evening train, at 3J p. m., connects
with stages at Warrenton, seven miles from the
Springs, by turnpike. Time from Alexandria to
the Springs, four hours by either route. The train
leaving Gordonsville at 11J a. m., connects with
the stage line at Bealton. Passengers from Rich
mond and Stnnton by this route, reach the Springs
to dinner.
Board per day $2; Week, $12; Month, $40;
Children and colored servants half price
ALEXANDER BAKER.
June 7?tf Late of Washington City.
LAvv partnership!
Robert j. walker * loijim j anin
have formed a co-partnership under tbe firm
! of" Wai.ker tt Jakii," for the management and
) argument of cases in tbe Supreme Court of th?
I United States, and before the Court of Claims, st
1 Washington city.
Address: Washington, D. C.
May 10?3meod
p EADV MADE CLOT HI NO.?Member*
? XV of Congress wishing to provide themselvea
with Superior Garments for the Winter, will find
i ' n elegant assortment at WALL Sc STEPHENS

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