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Washington sentinel. [volume] (City of Washington [D.C.]) 1853-1856, November 29, 1855, Image 2

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lAlasjaigtoii ifiiunel.
KUITED BY
\VM M. 0VE11T0N, Cli- MAl'KICE SMITH,
AND BEVEHLEY TUCKER
wm
I'll U USD A V MOHNIMi, NOV. *0. IHSS.
NEMBKK8 OK CONt>RK88.
As Inr n?i we can ascertain, the following
minted UK'ruber 14 of Congress have arrived in
VV ashington: Hons. J<*se D.Bright, W.VV.\ alk,
A. M. C. Pennington, J. B. Maey, J. Harlan,
T. F. Bowie, P. Walker, J. S. Carlisle, John
Hickman, George VV. Jones, J. W. Whitfield,
Charles J. Faulkner, Samuel Brentou, Win. A.
Richardson, J. J. Pearce, J. Knight, S. A.
Smith, John Slidell. John H. Savage, L. Trum
bull, S. S. Morrill, J. Williams, A. H. Green
wood, J. W. Denver, John Sherman, S. A.Pur
viance, B. P. Lester, Schuyler Colfax, .1. M.
Elliolt, T. L. Clinginun, Wm. Smith, Richard
Brodhead, William R. Smith, .1. Billinghurst,
Peltou, Aiex. H. Stephens, K. G. Keade,
and probably others.
ORGANIZATION OF COKOUEHS.
t he various newspapers of the country are
tilled with ingenious speculations us to the pro
bable organization of the House of Representa
tives. Sueli speculations, however, while they
may amuse readers, cannot be relied on with any
degree of confidence. The perplexed condi
tion of the representative body, composed as it
is of three several parties, makes it imp>ssible
to foretell with accuracy any result. Then,
ngain, the large number of gentlemen whose
names have been mentioned in connection
with the oilices to be filled, man) of whom are
gentlemen of high standing, and large influ
ence, -till farther complicates the matter, and
increases the perplexity. How Congress will
be organiz* d, and wlu> will Ik- elccted to fill the
prominent posts, we must patiently wait for
the future to disclose. Vet, alter all, the House
will uo doubt be organized in some way or
other, and thut within a reasonable time after
its meeting.
We have learned that the large class of very
patriotic, unselfish and disinterested men
known as " outsiders," are more than ordina
rily busy iu arranging for the organization of
Congress, and the distribution of the ottices,
jus' as though Congress was wanting iu the
requisite intelligence lor doing so. Ibis etiort,
which has been going on lor some years past
to get up an outside control over Congress?a
control to be exercised, too, by men who, in
maoy instances have no sort of standing at
home or abroad, who could not be elected con
stables by those who know them best, is au
outrage on Congress and on the constituent
body. We believe that the men who engage
iu this effort are generally men broken down in
character and fortunes, men who have no par
ticular places of residence, and who conse
quently are deprived ot the privilege of voting
iu any of the State elections. They live
" about in spots." They are here to-day, there
to uiorrow. When Congress meets they come
from their wanderings, and settle down in the
hotels and boarding houses, like a great swarm
of bees.
We repeat, it is an outrage on Congress and
on the suffragans of the various States of this
Uniou, who elect their representatives, that an
outside, self constituted, controlling body should
presume to direct what Congress shall, and
shall not, do.
"WHAT THE RLICTIOI PBOVBK."
IN. Y. Courier &c Enq.
It proves most incontestable that the edito
rial recommendations'of the Enquirer, Times,
7W. Tribtuif, and other papers of similar
sentiments, whs: most significantly and em
phatically disregarded by the intelligent and
patriotic citizens of the city of New York. A
more "begsjarly account of empty boxes'' was
never seen than was exhibited by the few
straggliog votes given to the party represented
by these papers. The Black Republican party
represented by them, waj the only party which
gave a direct and single issue, pcrmittiug every
other shade ?tnd color full companionship, if
only they concurred upon the single point of
issue. The Sof's had such I will and I won't,
1 shall and I shan't platform, that people
could hardly tell whether their own particular
views were represented or not. The purpose
of the Hards being mainly to show that the
Softs were but a-small minority of the people
of New York, did not excite much zeal, al
though their platform ha l national timber in it.
The Know nothings had principles in their
platform which deterred many from it* support,
who partially agreed with them.
But the Black Republican party entered
upon the race disencumbered of every right,
stripped to the butf, bold in confidence of
triumph over ila heavily burdened antagonists.
It had nothing in its platform to deter any one
from its snpport, but everything which could
stimulate every supporter of its creed to zeal
ous effort.
Nothing can be clearer than that not one of
all the two hundred thousand voters who re
mained away from the polls, was of the Black
Republican stamp. Their fuglemen played
but a single tone, and that in perfect harmony;
it was ">Sambo come" frotu Buffalo to Albany,
and Albany to New York. There was bass,
soprano, tenor, contralto, and baritone, bnt all
attuned to harmony and playing the same tane.
Placing the delinquent voters where inevitably
they must be, it gives a majority against the
Black Republican party (out of five hundred
thousand votes) of three hundred and fifty
eight thousand votes. This indubitably is the
real state of public feeling in New York npon
the issue presented by the Black Republican
party. It is crushing truth whieh excuses the
Entpiirer to *eek so quickly a?.d so eagerly to
escape to some other camp. But it has so en
tirely mixed itself up with ihul party, that its
odor will stick to it for some time, rendering it
a rather unsavory neighbor to any party it may
approach. Besides this " peculiar" odor, there
is the unlucky recollection of its general his
tory, that it has always been more formidable
to its friends than its foes. It has the habit
of shooting over the bouse and bitting a
brother.
The Baltimore American of yesterday
nays:
"M ile Rachel arri\. d in this city yesterday,
accompanied by her father and sister, and took
rooms at the (Jilrnore House. We regret thftt
illness prevent* her appearance here, and will
cause her to leate at once for Havana."
THK Till Bl'N K.
ihis paper says: ?? Tlie advocates of slave
breeding and the slave trade are wonl to ex
press great sensitiveness and anxiety iu view
of a propensity which they sometimes discover
in the Tribune,, lo lake cognizauee of matters
which interest the nation at large;'' that it
lias recommendations lo attend to local mat
ters, to reform evils under its own eye, and
within its own reach. Thus the Trenton Ga
zeite} ol New Jersey, gently suggest* to it: "We
truit Iliat the Tribune will hereafter devote at
tention to purifying the great ceutre of abomi
nations in the atmosphere of which it lives,
and allow New Jersey k> correct the evils thut
may infest her body politic."
At this and similar suggestions the 'lYibune
takes lire. Its every effort in Now York hav
ing proved fruitless, its history being a history
of unchanging defeats at home, it has sickened
at its home Work, and seeks abroad that suc
cess which it has never uchievcd where.it is
present in person, it stalked into the Halls of
Congress, with all the impositg assurance of a
schoolmaster, but the contrast between its pre
,.tensions and the results, were as tin* laboring
of a mountain and the birth of a mouse. Its
step fioin the sublime to the ridiculous was
suddon and single, and its subsequent course
was the flouudering in the mire of contempt.
Its editorials are mere ruvings, having in
them little that good sense or humanity can
endorse. The Tribune altogether misconceives
the motive which causes people from every
quarter to repudiate the interloping Tribune.
CINCINNATI CONVENTION.
The Boston Courier (National Whig) an
nounces the election of our old friend Colonel
P. Riley, as one of the delegates of the De
mocracy,iu an appropriate ami"complimentary
mantier:
Democratic National Convention.
1 he Democracy of the fourth Congressional
district, which includes the six southerly wards
and ttoxbury, held a meeting in this city, last
evening, ami nominated Patrick Rilev, esq., of
ward seven, and l.-auc Adams, esq.! of ward
twelve, as delegates to the Democratic National
Convention, which is to be holdeii at Cincin
nati in May next. Colonel Riley is a Demo
crat of the hardest kind ol shell, and is one of
those who believe thut?Jjulee et decorum est
pro pairia mori. He is of the Dickinson school
of politics, out and out: and accepts Judge
Woodbury's as the true definition of the prin
ciples of the Democratic party. Colonel Adams
is likewise a oound Democrat ; and. what is
still a grander compliment, he invented the
press upon which this paper was printed.
Ihe cause of the Democracy will be well
cared for at Cincinnati, when such incorrupt*
able Democruu have the interests of the party
confided to them. Mr. Riley is one of those
men whose sentiments do honor to their pa
triotism, and the generosity of a lofty magna
nimity.
t*XT Our hotels and streets already begin to
wear a bustling appearance. Members of both
Houses of Congress are daily arriving. That
numerous class of persons known as the Wash
ington correspondents of the distant press are
fast taking their accustomed places, and indus
| triously furnishing the journals with which
they correspond, with every variety of rumor,
gossip and news. I hat still more numerous
class of men, denominated oHice-seekers, are
assembling in unusual numbers. There is also
an unusually large number of outside wire
workers, and managers, whose special business
it is to direct and control the affairs of the na
tion. Besides these, many strangers are
arriving, who seem to have no other object
than pleasure, let, after all, where one man
comes to this city, simply for pleasure, twenty
are drawu here by other motives. Simple
minded, straight-forward persons at a dis
tance from this metropolis, and unacquainted
wkh political manoeuvring, cannot form any
adequate conception of the amount of in
triuging that iB now goiug on here.
L.ATK FROM CHINA.
ihe English overland mail arrived at South
ampton, yth instant. She' brings the Friend
of China of September 15. This paper con
tains an account of a great (daughter among
the Chinese fleets in the Gulf of Pechili by
tlu: British sloop Bittern and steamer i'aou
shun. The vcAela destroyed are reported to
be pirates; but the Friend of Chinq states
that it does not appear whether they were as
sembled for piratical or political purposes be
fore the destruction commenced. Captain
\ ansittart, the commander of the expedition,
turned over to the Chinese authorities forty six
Chinese that surrendered to the British flag,
who will l*? sure of torture and death. It also
states that an army of forty thousand imperial
ists, led by Chun and Whoo, were defeated by
the rebels in the district of Wai-choo, north
east of Canton. In this engagement four offi
cers were killed.
Ihe Unite*! States ship Macedonian was re
ported as having fifty-five men on the sick liat.
Thing* In Kiniat,
The Freesoil Convention at Topeka, in Kan
sas, has adjourned, after adopting a constitu
tion, in violation of all precedent and law.
Disregarding the official action of the regularly
organized Legislature, they have set up a
" higher law/' and, in a spirit of usurpation
and anarchy, seek to nullify all legal pro
ceedings and to foist their own monstrous abor
tion upon the people.
On the other hand, the friends of law and
order in Kansas have held a convention at
Leavenworth, with Governor Wilson Shannon
as their President. They adopted the follow
ing resolutions, whose dignity, soundness and
conclusive adhesion to justice, right, and the
form and spirit of our republican institutions,
cannot be gainsaid :
I. Hesoltetl, That the people here assembled
believing the Constitution of the United Slate*,
and the laws passed in pursuance thereof, are
sufficient for the protection of our rights, both
of person and property, and that in the obser
vance of the same, are vested our only hopes
of security for liberty and the Union, and we
will maintain the same at all hazards.
II. That in every government, monarchical,
aristocratic, democratic or republican, the
liberty, the life and the property of no in
dividual is nafe unless the laws passed by
the proj?erly constituted authorities, are strictly
and fully obeyed.'
III. 'lhat we hold the doctrine to lie strictly
true, that no man or set of men are at liberty
to resist a law pnsxed by a legislative body
legally organized, unless tbey choose by their
i actions to constitute themselves rebels, and
i take all the consequences that legitimately fol
i low the failure of a revolution.
IV. That the course pursued in this Terri
tory by certain persons professing to be the
peculiar friends of freedom, is at h variance
with all law, uod entirely subversive of good
order, is practical nullification, rebellious and
treasonous, and should be frowned upon and
deuouuced by every lover of civil liberty and
the prosperity of the Union.
\ . That the admission of Andrew 11. Header
to a seat in the next Congress of the United
Slates, would, in our opinion, be a violation of
all law and precedent, and would have a ten
dency to encourage the violation of the law and
order of good government, and would be au
outrage upon the citizens of Kansas.
VI. That the convention lately assembled at
Topeka to form a Constitution for the State
government, called and elected by, and com
posed of, members of a political party?tbo
so-called State party?and neither called nor
elected by the people of Kansas, woidd have
been a larce if its purposes had not been trea
sonable ; and a constitution presented by such
a convention is unworthy the serious conside
ration of freemen, and if presented to Con
gress af the Constitution of Kansas, should
be scouted from it? walls as an insult to its in
telligence, and au outrage u|>on our sovereign
rights.
VII. That we cordially endorse the Kansas
Nebraska act, and more especially that part of
it which repeals the Missouri Compromise, ami
enunciates tlie principle that ihe people of
every Territory, in framing their organic laws,
have a right to decide for themselves what do
mestie institutions they will or will not have.
\ 111. That the Kansas-Nebraska bill recog
nizes the true principles of Republican govern
ment; thai we feel that we are as lit for and
capable of self-government as wo were when
citizens of tW? States, and as the citizens of
other States are; and we denounce any at
tempt on the part of Congress, or the citizens
of other States to control our domestic affairs.
IX. That although, as citizens of a Territo
ry, we can lake no part in natiomd politics,
yet we-feel ourselves impelled to express our
gratitude to the Democrats of the Northern
States for their undeviating support of the
great principles of government under all the
abuse which has been heaped upon them.
X. That, we deplore the course which has
been pursued by some of the newspapers
abroad, in the misrepresentations which have
been published by them in reference to the po
litical excitement which, it has been alleged,
existed here, charging anarchy and confusion
as presidinir in this Territory to an alarming
.extent, and making other gross misstatements
in regard to the actual stale of affairs here ex
isting?all of which arc calculated to mislead
the public abroad, and thereby retard the
growth and settlement of the Territory.
XI. That we, the Law and Order party,
Union-loving party, and State Rights party ol
Kansas Territory, are fully able, and we pledge
ourselves to support and sustain (iov. Shannon
in tlit; execution ol the laws, and that we feel
the utmost confidence in his firmness and in
tegrity.
Editor! In Parliament.
Tbe press in England certainly cannot com
plain that it is not IWirly represented in high
places. The London Athenceum says :
" There are more proprietors, editors, and
correspondents of public j juruals iu the present
Llonse of Commons than at any previous
period. Among leading debaters in that
House are to be found some of the most power
ful writers of the day. The Chancellors of tbe
Exchequer are men who have occupied equally
-distinguished positions in literature, and the
Lords Lieutenant of Ireland are elegant essay
ists, pleasant versifiers, and accomplished
authors of diaries. In fact, the distinction and
antagonism between the worlds of politics and
literature seem fast dying out to the advantage
of both, we would fain believe. While the one
becomes more enlightened, it is to be hoped
the other will gain in robustness and healthi
ness of tone."
Tbe ten daily political journals of Paris have
a total circulation of 101,000, viz:?La Press
41,000, Le Siecle 36,000, Le Constitotionnel
26,000, Le Pays 16,000, La Patrie 17,000, Le
Journal des Debates 9,000, L'Assembly Nation
ale 5,000, L'l'nion 4,000, and La Gazette de
la Fruuce 3,000.
??#??
rkvolitionahy symptom* in ksw
LAN1).
Gaillardct, the able correspondent of the
Courier iit* Etats Vain writes thus iu allusion
to the recent demonstrations in Hyde Park,
Loudon. "The English cabinet is thrown into
great tribulation by the scenes recently enacted
in Hyde Park, where many and able speeches
were delivered in opj<osition to the aristocracy
and to capital."
'?These are dangerous symptoms.
"The English cabinet have also been vio
lently availed by the radicals, for' ihe expulsion
of the political refugees from the Isle of Jersey.
The Daily A"?c* denounces the measure as a
gross violation of the latts of British hospitality,
and indignantly exclaims, 'let the French
alliance perish a thousand' times rather than
sacrifice so holy a principle." Oh! England,
how art thou fallen?dictated to bv thy quon
dam special constable.
Mr. Iilcklntun und llif Hoiton A>i1 l-*ilavr
ry Society.
131 N(< n a it rton , Oct. 16, I8j.'>.
Gkntlukk?Your favor of the 27th ult,
inviting me to deliver one of a contemplated
course of lectures on the subject of slavery, at
the Tremont Temple, in Boston, the'ensuing
Reason, reached here during my attendance
*upon a neighboring circuit, atxl 1 avail myself
of the earliest moment, consistent with pres
sing engagements sincc my return, to acknow
ledge the honor extended me, and to explain
the cause of delay in answering. <
I have considered the subject of your invi
tation with much anxiety? and, upon the whole,
am constrained by convictions of duly to de
cline it. To lccture upon this disturbing sub
ject, unless it is proposed to act upon it, would
,oom to be a barren and profitless gratuity;
and if action is proposed, it must have relation
to the domestic concerns of our sovereign
equals, with which we have no right to inter
fere. They left this question in other times,
according to the true sen*eof the Constitution,
to the people of New York and Massachusetts,
with all i's responsibilities and irritations, to
dispose of in their own good time and manner;
ami may we not, in the same confiding spirit,
leave it to th<>se upon whom it rests? Deter
mined long since to b are this question where
the Constitution left it, wete 1 to accept your
invitation. I would choose for my theme " I he
Duty of the People of these Free States," and
would endeavor to incub ate the valued admo
nitions of the Father,of our Country upon sec
tional disturbances. Lest, however, a formal
lecture, as proposed by your course, even in
voking non-intervention in the affairs of sover
eign States, might be construed into an admis
sion that it was an open question, and that by
the same rule others mijjht arraign and assail,
I have determined that I nhall best contribute
to preserve the public peace by declining to
take part in tbe proposed discussion. I have
the honor to be, your obedient servant,
D. S. DICKINSON.
Dr. Stone and others. Committee, Ac.
Counterfeit $.r,0 bills on the Augusta
branch of the Bank of Georgia are in circula
Mr. Iluclmuau iud like Luuduu Times.
'i'lie following is a copy of the contradiction
forwarded by Mr. Buchanau, the American
minister at Londou, to the editors of the Lon
don Times, in refutation of the article which
appeared in that paper charging him with hav
ing made certain assurances to the members of
the British ministry on the subject of the war
with Russia, and especially in relation to ihe
British enlistments in this country for the
Crimea.
'"The American minister presents his com
ulimenta to the editors of the Times, aud
assures them that they have been 'misinformed'
with respect, to the expressions and conduct
attributed to him in their leading article of this
morning. Always mindful of the neutrality of
his government, which he fully approves, it
was with deep regret he learned, as he lirst did
from Washington, that attempts were made in
the United States to recruit soldiers, for the
British army, because he felt confident that
these attempts would tend to weaken the
friendly relations between the two countries,
which it has been his ardent desire, ever since
his arrival in England, to cherish and promote.
"The American minister can, of course,
enter into no discussion in the public journals
of questions between the two governments, or
state what is or what is not contained in any
correspondence which may have arisen out of
these questions; but he has felt it due both to
the Times and himself to make this prompt cor
rection.
".">G Harley street, Loudon, Nov. 1, 1K55."
LATE PROltl MEXICO.
The steamer Orizaba arrived at New ()r
leans, November 2ti, briuging dates to the 18th
instant. A despatch states that Alvarez had
entered the city at the head of five thousand
men, and Was quietly received, the garrison
having previously evacuated the place. The
seat of government would be permanently re
moved to Boleno d'ilidalga, on the 17th of
February. The best feeling existed between
Alvarez and Viduri. General Urago had been
appointed Minister to Prussia. Sciato had re
signed the post of Secretary of the Treasury.
iff The Hon. Francis Mallory, President of
the Norfolk and Petersburg Railroad, was on
Monday last elected a delegate to represent
Norfolk city in the next General Assembly of
Virginia. The election was a special one, or
dered by the Governor of Virgiuia, to fill a va
cancy occasioned by the death of the lamented
William D. Roberts. Mr. Mallory had no op
position, and the election passed off quietly.
South Carolina Lcglxlnturr.
The Legislature of South Carolina met at
Columbia on Monday last. The Governor's
message was submitted on Tuesday. It is a
short document, devoted chiefly to State affairs.
Americans in Greece.
A letter dated Athens, Greece, October 8th,
alter announcing the arrival of Roger A. Pryor,
esq., the United States Commissioner, says:
" Mr. Pryor has made a most favorable im
pression upon ail who have seen him. He has
dined with the King of Greece, and entered up
on his work.
"Mr. de Leon, United States ConsuLOeneral
of Egypt, Tiev. C. N. Righter, Bible Agent for
the Levant, Rev. Abel Stevens of New York,
Mr. Lyman of Boston, and Mr. Draper, are
here, so that our American society is greatly
enlarged, and wo are enjoying it exceedingly.'
The Hl*?- lu Su^mi-m.
It appears that sugars lmd gone up in Eng
land within a week, at last dates, Gs. a 7s. the
hundred, equal to 1? a li{ cents here. Coffee
is also reportc-d in quick demand. In the ar
ticle of sugar in England, the cost to the coun
try, at present prices, of its supply for the
coining year, would be no less a sum than
?7,000.000 sterling, in excess of the cost of
last year's supply.
Amertcauii lu tCurope.
The New York Times has the following from
a Paris correspondent: ?
" Mr. Fillmore, ex-President, and Dr. Footv,
of Buffalo, have just arrived in the city from
the north, and arc making arrangements to
start soon to Constantinople, the Crimea, and
the Holy Land. The number of parties going
to the Nile this year is unprecedented.
" Miss Dix, the well known philanthropist,
has just arrived in Paris, in company with Dr.
Parish and lady of Philadelphia, and is making
preparations to visit the charitable institutions
of the city.
'J Dr. Parker, Commissioner to China, and
Mr. Harris, are also in town on their way to
Canton "
I'urcliatie of Grain.
The I'nited States Ectmoiniit thinks that the
foreign governments named will be compelled
to make purchases of grain to the extent of
$147,000,000?thus:
Total.
Great Britain $75,000,000
France 00,000,000
Prussia... 10,000,000
Home ? 2,000,000
$147,000,000
Tin- Ilook Trnde of tlie I nllrtl Mutes.
The American Publishers' Circular, in tho
course of an article on the book trade, makes
this statement:
Whatever in the shape of a book is printed
here, will find a market, if at nil respectably
meritorious. When we remember that to sell
ten thousand copies of the best work of fiction,
in Great Britain and Ireland, is among the
unprecedented events in the life of an author
or publisher; and that behind this public lies,
at least, four centuries of a growing civilization;
it may startle the uninitiated to be informed, that,
with hut a little more than fifty jears behind
us, since Matthew Carey gave the first impulse
to the sale of books, to dispose of fifty thousand
copies, of any moderately good book, is anion;,'
tho ordinary events which every American
publisher deems himself entitled to anticipate;
and that snch a sale (if the work itf meritorious,)
will not snrprise any intelligent man.
. So rapid, and so great has been the demand
for books in the United States, that, some of
the leading publishing houses in this city,
possessed of princely fortunes, and transacting
an unexampled amount of business in iron and
red nand-stonn palaces, commenced business,
certainly not much more than thirty years ago,
with 'a feeble beginning' and, probably, small
capital 1 And the same assertion will, we think,
hold true, in substance, in relation to the first
houses in Bf>ston and Philadelphia. When we
look back at the condition of the publisher at
that period, see him with a copy of his new
book in sheets, trot around to the booksellers,
inquiring how many copies they would require,
and compare with that the present opulence
and independence?the extent of the establish
ments, variety and number of publications,
owned and issued by the Harpers and the
Appletons, for instance, we almost, cease to
believe that the stories in the Arabian Nights
are fabulous 1 However this may sound, it is,
in fact, no exaggeration."
?k&> Iii Madison, Iowa, apples, it is stated,
are selling for five cents a bushel.
From United
State*.
$23,000,000
30,000,000
3,500,000
2,000,000
$58,500,000
Court of CUiuta.
Monday, November L'(i.?The court met at a
11 o'clock, The judges were all present.
The argument in the privateer Armstrong
Cfse (adjourned over froui Friday) wan resumed
by the Solicitor, who concluded bin remark*.
Charles O'Conor, t-sq., of New York, will follow
with his argument to-morrow.
Charles O'Conor, e q., of New York, was
sworn an attorney of this court.
The following named gentlemen (in addition
to those already appointed) were appointed
commissioners to take testimony in the several
States named:
Maine.?James L. Child, Augusta.
New Hampshire.?Charles W. Woodman,
Dover.
Connecticut.?David J. Peck, New liaveu.
New York.?Malcolm Campbell, John Liv
ingston, and Frederick W. King, New York;
Henry T. Walbridge, Saratoga, It. T. Trow
bridge, Syracuse ; and A. Conklin, Buffalo.
Pennsylvania.?Arthur M. Burton and John
M. Crier, Philadelphia.
Ohio.?John L. Peudrv, Cincinnati; and
I Ainos Layman, Marrietta.
Illinois.?William 0. Bowman, Shawnee
town.
Indiana.?Salmon A. Buell, ludianapolis,
j and William It. Bowes, Michigan city.
Wisconsin.?Michael McLaughlin, Dubuque.
Kansas.?James II. Lane, Benjamin T.Sim
mons, Daniel A. N. drover, and Allen T.
Tibbitts, Lawrence city.
Minnesota.?Henry J. Horn, St. Paul and J.
J. Noah, Mendota.
California.-?William G. Morris and William
McDougall, San Francisco.
Cherokee Nation.?George Butler, Table
quali.
?New Mexico?Augustus De Marie, Santa Fe.
Washington Territory.?CharlesH. Mason.
Virgiuia.?John C. Aloncure, Fredericks
burg; G. W. llansbrough, Pruntytown; and
W illiam L. Clark, jr., Winchester.
South Carolina.?Robert Cogdell Gilchrist
and Thomas Frost, Charleston.
Georgia.?Seymour B. Bonner and Michael
N. Clarke, Columbus.
Kentucky.?John O. Bullock, Louisville.
Mississippi ? Terence McGowan, Rankin
county.
Missouri.?Elisha B. Jeffreys, Uuion, Frank
lin county.
Alabama.?Robert Christian, Perry county.
Louisiana.?Richard P. Harrison, New Or
leans.
Texas.?Phiueas De Cordoon, Theophilus;
Allan Jones, William P. de Normandi and
Willis L. Robards, Austin; and E. P. Hunt,
Galveston. ?
Arkansas.?John Carnal, FortSmith; Orville
Jennings, Washington, llampstead county.
Florida.?Edward Bissell, .Jacksonville.
The court adjourned toll o'clock tomor
row.
From the Baltimore Sun.
Tin: Hrcftd (luentiou.
The grain advices from Europe by the
Canada are deemed very im pur taut The con
tinued rise in wheat, not only in Euglatid and
France, but in Germany, excites more than
usual attention So far us the English harvest
o! 1835 is concerned, a letter ut" Mr. John
Caird, claiming that the deficiency is incon
siderable, has been taken u;> by the London
Daily News and other authorities with the
view of refuting it. The average price at Murk
Lane, he week the Canada sailed, was 2s the
quarter higher than on the previous Mon
day. 1 he English millers were the ]>rin
cipal bufprs. They number, throughout the
kingdom, 37,268, and it is held to be a gross
absurdity to suppose that this large class would
not struggle against the advance in price, if
they could prevent it, or if their own knowledge
of the English crop.did not influence them to
immediate purchases. It is equally absurd, the
Daily News contends, to maintain that tho
303,720 farmers of Great, Britain have entered
into a combination lo keep up the price of
wheat. The requirements of the kingdom last
year were twenty-four millions bushels, or three
millions imperial quarters. For the first two
mouths after the harvest the average per
quarter was 5Gs lOd. This year tho average
since the harvest is 76s Gd. . THe average
since January is 70s 5d. and it is likely lo
amount to 78s before the end of December.
1 he same authority says:
"Now, it is plain that the present war was
certainly not the first'nor the main cause of
the great rise in the price of wheat, for in Feb
ruary, 1854, it was 80s lOd. In November,
1853, it stood at 72s 5d. 'fhose hi^h prices
were not caused by the war, which only begun
in March, 1854. After the war was declared in
September 1854, the price was 5Gs 7d. Nor
can the war have affected the price in Prussia,
which has lately been buying corn in England,
and proposes to reduce the import duties in
thts Zollverein that her people may be ft.*d.
Even in 1853 the average price of wheat in
Prussia was 54s 9d, being 13s lid above the
average of the previous 25 years, and it has
since continually risen. Last year, too, the
price of wheat, was quite as high in the United
States as in-England; and it was not affected
by the war. In truth a genaral rise has taken
place in the price of corn throughout Europe,
and, we may say, throughout the world, which
must not, be lightly passed over, or treated *8
a momentary deviation' from the ordinary price
to be corrected by some petty municipal or
imperial regulations."
1 he causes of changes are Dext argued out
by the writer, as relating mainly to the effect
of the commercial activity of fhe' world, which
has J?een stimulated by the discoveries in Cali
fornia and Australia. The diversions of labor
from agriculture in 1853-54, in the United
States, is adverted to as one of the results of
this stimulation. The increase of city popula
tion in this country is also mentioned, in con
nection with the creation of more wealth from
ship and railway building, wherewith to buy
and pay for food at enhanced prices. In short,
the bread question is treated as a world wide
problem, and the ultimate conclusion arrived
at that the dearness which the English neonle
deplore "commences chiefly in the gold dis
coveries, w hich have spread an almost mad de
light through all society, and have everywhere
kindled energy and enterprise."' Remarking
on these statements, the New York Times
says:
" It is highly probable that tho English Gov
ernment, as well as the Imperial rule in France,
discovered the true (tearing of I be harvest re
sults at home earlier in the season than th<?
foregoing speculations. They have, undoubt
edly, had their commissaries or agents in the
United Slates for these six weeks past. The
money negotiations for the purchase of grain
are made through Baring Brothers.
" 'I hese movements have anticipated by more
than a month the rapid advance in prices and
fhe renewed discussion of the food question in
England, as advised by'Ire Canada. The prices
have not l?een quoted so decidedlv buoyant, as
well as dear, since 1847.
" One of the fortutwite results of I his state of
the attention to American agriculture is the
steady increase in favor of the staple of Indian
corn, as a substitute for wheat. The export !
trade in corn has increased rapidly, and prices
in Liverpool have steadily increased under it.
Y\ hen Sir Jtobcrt Peel's hill first opened the
English port* to free trade rn corn in 1845,30s.
or 32s. for the Indian corn of the United States
in Liverpool was considered a highly remune
rating quotation. The latest figures this sea
son are 47s. for mixed lots and 52s. for while,
and the quantity which the market is taking is
to all appearances unlimited?at all events,
quite equal Jo tho present ability of our sea
board markets lo supply."'
TUr luvaalou of Ireland.
The Earle oi (Jurlisle, Lord-lieutenant of
Ireland, hua been making a breech at Beltaat,
iu the cour?e of which he made the following
illusion to the iuvasiou of Ireland by the United
Stales:
" 1 he condition of Irel&ud iu at present such,
I on the whole, ad gifcea rise iu my mind to the
| .strongest feeling of satisfaction and of hope.
' There is geueraily a manifest decrease of out
rage and crime, with one or two occasioual
hideous exceptions, sufficient to warm us, where
human conduct is concerned, never to presume.
Agriculture is undergoing an immense develop
i meut, and it must be the task of mauy of you,
gentlemen, to see tlmt our manufacturing pro
cesses exhibit the same progress. New schools
of education, new colleges of learniug, new
temples of religion, arc multiplying 011 every
side.
" The general condition of the people is
strikingly advanced in ease and comfort. They
are better fed, they aro better clad, there is an
infinitely greater proportion of shoes and stock
ings (laughter) than when 1 was here last, and
the new complaint of Ireland is that there are
almost too few to work and too few mouths to
bo fed.
"1 have heard, indeed, lately something of
new arrivals being expected in this country
from America. Well, then, gentlemen, will
they be all Irishmen, returning home to till
their fields again, to work their looms again, to
kiss their wives and families again ? If so, we
will heartily bid them welcome, provided they
at least come iu some moderation. Can it be
that they could come, that any could come
here, with any hostile intention '(
"I feel sure that the good sense, as well as
the good feeling, of all true-hearted Irishmen
or Americans, would repudiate the moustrous
supposition. (Loud cheers,) If, contrary to
all expectation and all reason, they would so
come, I ought not to say that they would not
be as welcome as the others; but of this I feel
conteut?that the Antrim Rifles, whom I left
in Dublin, and the North L>own Rifles, whom
I find iu Belfast, will be able to give a very
good account of them. But we will not let
such monstrous images mar our social har
mony, and I would rather leave you with bright
impressions about you of successful commerce,
rewarded industry, restored peace, and extend
ing civilization."
Interesting Case.
. A case of considerable interest was decided
on Wednesday in the circuit court at Rich
mond, Virginia, Judge "Meredith presiding.
The details are as fqllows :
"Sometime ago Mr. John C. Hobson, of
Richmond, sent an order to the office of the
magnetic telegraph, to be transmitted to a
house in New Orleans, for 500 bales of cotton.
In due time the order was, filled, but, to Mr.
Hobson's astonishment, he received 2,500
bales. The error, it is alleged, was made in
the transmission of the message, and to re
cover the loss sustained, Mr. Hobson brought
suit against the Telegraph Company.. The
case was argued on Wednesday by J. M. Pat
ton and William H. Macfarland, esqrs., for the
plaintiff, and John H. Gilmer, esq., for the de
fendants, and given to a jury for decision.
Tho iesult was a verdict against the Telegraph
Company for $7,H00 damages. An appeal was
taken, and the case will be carried before the
highest legal tribunal in the Commonwealth."
TIic C<.lott?l Waalilngiou iVIonument.
The casting of the horse for this monument,
at Munich, is one of the great feats of modern
foundry, as fifteen tons of bronze had tu he
melted and kept in a btate of fluidity. For
several days and nightu previously a large fire
was at these huge masses, which required to
be stirred at times. When the bronze was
liquified, an ultimate essay was made in a small
trial cast, and to heighten the color some more
copper was added. Successively all the cham
bers through which the metal had to flow iu the
form were cleared of the coal with which they
had been kept warm, and the master examined
all the air spiracles and the issues of the metal:
the props of the tubes were then placed, and
every man had his duty and his place assigned
to hiui. .Finally, the master, amid the intense
expectation of the many art amateurs present,
pronounced the words " In the name of God,"
and then three mighty strokes opened lbe fiery
gulf, out of which the glowing metal flowed in
circuit to the large form. The sight was
magnificent, and in the little sea of fire stood
the master, and gave his commands about the
successive ojwning of the props. Hot vapor
poured from the air spiracles; in the conduits,
the metal boiled ju waves ; still, no decision
yet, as the influx of the bronze in the very
veins of the figure could be but slow. At once
flaming showers jumped out of the air con
duits, and the master proclaimed the cast to
have succeeded. A loud cheer followed, when
the master approached Mr. Crawford, the artist
of the Washington Monument, to congratulate
him upon this success. Another cheer was
givfcu to M. de Miller, the chief of the royal
foundry of Munich, who had personally con
ducted the work.?TVie Builder.
Old and Aru Mrmberi to Congress.
It is sai l that the 234 members elccted to
the next House of Representatives are divided
as follows betweenjold and new:
JSVv?. Old. Net*. Old.
Alabama sends... 2 5 N. Jerm#y send*. 3 2'
Arknnsas, 1 1 New Yo k, 23 10
Creorgia, 4 -I North Carolina, 4 4
Illinois, 2 <1 Ohio 12 9
Indiana, '1 5 t'enusy I vania .. 17 8
Kentucky, 7 3 Rlinile Island... 1 1
Maine, K 3 Tennessee 3 7
Massachusetts,... 9 2 Texas 1 )
Mississippi 3 2 Vermont, 2 I
{ Mis?oiiri, 1 0 Virginia, I 2
California, Connecticut, Delaware, Iowa,
Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, New Hamp
shire and Wisconsin send nil new members.
Sonth Carolina sends all old members.
In noticing this fact the New York Express
(whose editor is an ex-M. C.) remarks that
South Carolina, \frith her old members, Ten
nessee, with seven old ones, and Virginia with,
twelve, hate an enormous advantage over nil
green hands, for one old member of wit and
worth equals ten green ones of like wit and
worth. To be efficient in Congress at all?not
as a sjxmter, but as a worker, with power?at
least four years apprenticeship is indispensably
necessary. For the first session a new mem
ber hardly knows his heels from his head?in
practical matters?and ten times to one he will
be out of order, rather than in order, when he
wishes to accomplish anything, till he has at
least two years' training.
Nlr?nfce Attachment.
A neighbor of ours inform# us of a singular
ami interesting attachment which has sprung
up between a roster and a kitten on his premises.
The rooster is a largo handsome looking fowl,
but young" and rather inexperienced in the
ways of the world, and who would ere this have
met with a catastrophe at the hands of the
cook, had he no' very opportunely met with a
cat, or rather a handsome and pretty well
advanced kitten, between which and the afore
said looater a very warm and unnatural attach
ment seems to exhist. They are hardly ever
separate day or night, and may be seen kissing
each other, or enjoying a quiet siesta together,
as much satisfied with each other ns if really
engaged, and the happy day set which is to
make them twain of one hair or feather. At
night the kitten goes upon the roost with its
lreged lord, evidently evincing a desire to con
form as much as possible to his habits of life.
Whether the kitten will attempt any further
conformity, remains to be seen. As there
should always be some yielding on both sides,
wo think the rooster will most likely learn to
catch mice. Jiut whatever may hereafter take
place, it is certainly interesting to witness the
present manifestations of so strange an attach
ment.? Dayton Journal.
THE GLOBE:
I lie (>Hit 1*1 Oifjmi of Congress nud Acwt
paper for tlie People.
1 address iny annual c ircular tu the public, up
prising it thai the Globe will renew its reports of
the Congressional Debate* ut the next session ol
Cougress It 1? hardly necessary to ??y tbin the
proceeding* ol the next Congress will be ol" vnst
impon to the country. Tbe issues whicb huve
been made in relation to slavery, connected with
the great interest which i? always taken in Con
gress in relation to the nomination ol" presidential
candidates, will give intense excitement to the
next session, whicb will be communicated I > the
public. Whatever is debated iu Congress will be
debaied everywhere. The importance of oliieial
reports canuot, therefore, be too highly estimated,
ibe country will pass upon the proceedings of
Congress as they progress, and public opinion, if
properly informed, will have a salutury iutluence
upon the result.
The Daily Globe will be printed on u double
royal sheet at eleven o'clock every morning, ex
cept Sunday, and will coutain all the messages ol'
, 0 rt*sident ol the United Stales ; the reports of
the hxecuiive Departmentsj the entire proceed
ings ol Congress; the laws passed during the
sessiou; and the news by telegraph and from
other sources up to the hour of going to press.
Ibe debates iu Cougress frequently fill thirty,
forty, lilty, aud sometimes more than a hundred
columns a day. Whenever they make mor than
twenty-eight columns a day, extra sheets aru
printed.
Tuesdays Congressional Globe will be pub
ished every Tuesday morning, and contain the
proceedings of Congress in a coudenscd form: the
current news ol the day. aud such editorial com
ment upon tbe times as may be de. med suitable
to the character of tbe paper. When the debates
ol a week cannot be condensed into tweuly
columns, and leave eight columns of the sheet
lor other matter and advertisements, an extra
sheet will be printed. ?
The Congressional Globe will be the revised
edition ol the proceedings contained iu the Daily
Crloba, aitd the laws passed during the session,
printed in book torn on a royal quarto page, and
will, probably, make four volumes of nine hun
dred pages each. The last volume of the four
will be an Appendix, which will coutain such
speeches as are written out by the members thein
selves, with such deferred proceedings as neces
sarily accompany them. Complete indexes will
be made out and lorwardcd lo subscribers soon
alter the end ol the session. If u subscriber shall
lose any numbers, they will he supplied at the
rate of three cents for sixteen pages.
It is admitted by every competent judge, whose
opinion I have beard expressed on the subject,
that the debates ol Congress are better reported
and sold lower than those of any other legislative
body. A calculation which I made for the Senate
of the I ailed Slates in April, 1854, shows that
PayS ?e ,or reP?rling and publishing
its debates in the Daily Globe, and then in the
Congressional Globe and Appendix, only one
tarihi ,e,rM,te chrrva E,,?iand ^ publish.
i"g the debates of Parliament, and about one
seventh the average rate paid by the States of
Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Kentucky, (which
are all the States m which lb.- prices paid had
hen been ascertained.) for publishing their de
bates in book lorm only. Tlie debates of Con
gress are oil, red to subscribers, in this Prospec
tus, tor about one half the price paid for them bv
Congress?the expense of reporting, and then
publishing them in the Da^ly Glotf to enable
members to revise their remarks for th? Congres
sional Globe and Appendix, are all paid for bv
Congress, and do not form any part of the ST)
which an individual pay# lor them. Calculations
showing the prices paid for debates nre printed on
the lourth page ol the pa|?er.
To facilitate the circulation of the < "ong regional
Globe and cheapen it to subscribers, Congress
passed a joint resolutiou making i. free of postage.
annex it. as the law may not Ik- accessible to
postmasters generally:
' Joint Resolution providing for the. distribution of
the Laws of Congress an,/ thr Debates thereon.
"With ? view to the cheap circulation of the
aws ol Congress and the debates contributing to
he true interpretation thereof, and to make free
the communication between the representative
find constituent bodies:
1 lie U resolved by the Senate and House of Rep re
tentative* of the. United States of America in Ton
gits* assembled. That from and alter the present
sesS,on of Congress, the Congressional Globe and
contain the, laws and the debates
thereon, shall pass free through the mails so long
a? the same shall be published by order of Cot
gress: Provided, That nothing herein shall b?
construed to authorize the circulation of the I'nily
(?lobe Iree ol postage/'
I commenced publishing the Congressional
(-.lobe and Appendix in 1833 They now make
thirty-seven volumes. The first edition of mnay
0 /them is exhausted, and I am now reprinting
and stereotyping them. They cannot be TtTorded
lor leys than $7 !it) a volume. Should any sub
scriber wish the hack numbers, thev will be fur
n.shed, well bound, at that rate.
T, ? terms.
Daily Globe, one year..^ ?10 ()0
,,, ' during the session g on
W kkkly Globe, one year 2
" during the session 1 no
Congressional Glome an* A ppe.ndhc dur
i?g the se*M4>a...;
1 vvo copies <>l the Congressional Globe ' '
and Appendix will be sent for )0 oo
i ayments required in advance, invariably
Bank notes, current where a subscriber reside*
reeetveaat pnr. The whole or anypSrtof .'
mittsnee may be made postage stamp. The
.TneYt'lW n r 1,,1t'"8/ily.t,y lhe Monday
iicSgHz? ,iht dayhsH i
Heretofore I have sent the Daily Globe to tl.o?e
aflorl8!1 a pobh*b*d n,y Prospectus. I cannot
,to ^ ? "ny longer, as the papers sent for
several years past cost me more than all I received
for subscriptions out of this city during that time
ur JOllN c. KIVKS
W asiiington, October 2, 185.rj.
TTNDEK shirts and drawer*.:
tV^i Very ""pp'y of Warm
nder Shirts and Drawers this day opened, of the
best quality and at low and nni/brn, ,V,,.? at
Nov 15?3tif STEVENSS Sales Room,
Iirown a Hotel.
Bi.awk hooks and stationery.
Just received fro,,, a sheriffs sale in Ph.la
ueiphia,. very large |Qt of Illank Books. Letter
am Cap Pnper.Steel Pens, Faber ? Pencils Maihe
mat,ca| Instruments, Black Sand Hurt Envelope
fS ' C?fy 1{rok- and Schoo'
? HlJ ?' we will sell low lor cash
GRAY A- ballantyne,
? No 4Mb Seventh Street
HC'HONENBKKO ?te THlJN,
UKNKKAI, AMKK10AN AND KORmC.N AOKNCV,
For tb? Collecliot of Claims. the Procurement of
Patent*, Bounty Land*, tint! Pen*iont
BUREAU OF TRANSLATION
From the French, Spaniah Italian, and German
Language*, and for Topographical and other
Drawing*.
No. 4901, 7th Street, Wnsliinif'on City, 1) ('.
Nov 18 If
,^)R THE SPRING TKADM. CJent'a IIo
_T slery in4 I7nder-C;arment\?STEVENS,
Brown'* Hotel, i* now opening a fresh and large
variety of Gent'* Undershirts and Drawer*. Also,
a large a**ortinent of silk and cotton Hall-Ho*e,
plum and fancy. STEVENS'S
Feb 'M?'til Sale* Room. Brown'* Hotel.
ftKNKKAL COMMtSHfOK AND KORWARUINU MKK
CHANTS, RICHMOND, VA
And Agent* for " Kerr'*" " 8*mineri/ran'' Old Rye,
and P. Ilan^er'* "Old Rye" Whisky. Premium
breads.
All letter* promptly answered, and orders filtco
Feb 580?3m
JCOMTS-COMSrU RTEM
BROWN AND SHOOK
fz k i. n A K l>. Htrayed from the ( oin
mone,al>out 2 week* aince, h amall speckle
red and while Cow. with jone horn half broken
ofl"?the other n crump horn. She ban a wen or
wart on her aide, near the flank, about the ?ixe of
a man's fist. She is marked, hut not recollected'
The above reward wfll be pnid by returning her to
the owner, on I street, between ftth and 7th, No.
80#. Sept 19
\TB>V FALL, \NI) WINTER UOODI.
JLl w. H. STANFORD, Merchant Tailor, No.
-INS Pennov Ivania avenue, (our doora west of Third
street, ha* returned from New York, and is now
receiving hia new and elegant Block of floods
adapted to fall and winter wear, to which he
would rrppcctfully rnvite the aitenlion of hi*
Irirndo and I he public Returning hi* I hanks lor
the I literal patronage heretofore beat owed on him, he
would assure all that all diligence and care will
be taken to till all ordera in hi* usual elegant atyle
of fit and finish. at the ahorteM notice and at the
loweat possible pricea.
Also, a beautiful atock of Furnishing Ooodi.
Sep '2U?'Jw.'lwif

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