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V0LS- 1 . TRIWEEKLY. _ ?>? #?. CITY OF WASHINGTON, TUESDAY KORNINf, JANUARY 22, 1856. WASiliiWTON Sr;\'T!Y:'I. .* KriHI.IMiri* THl-WKEKLY AMI WtKlil.V uy " fcVKRl.K, THCKEH AND WM M. OVRRTON, Ward?a Building, near the Capital, CI I V OK WASHINGTON. rERMS. I It J i 04) I'o l/i.i1 us on Ini>ividimus. #uh?cnl>i|i. i<> live or more copies? Tri-weekly p?jr a.mum, in advance ?-\i l);? Weekly " " I Mi lU~HuilmHkierii ure requested |o act a*. agent*. rpilE MONSi OP TI1E MIRliS, A Ills I lory of the Rise, Progress, and Destiny oi Hie American Party, and its probable influence on 1 lie next Presidential election, to which is added a Rev ew of ilie Letter ol the Hon. Henry A. Wise against the Know-nothings, by an Ame rican. The History ol Mason and Dixon'f Line, con tained in un Addr.ss delivered by John H. H. j Latrobe, ol' Maryland, before the Historical So ciety ol' Pennsylvania, November 8, 1804. Mnana Elliot, or the Voice ol the Spirit, by S. M. 11. Autobiography of Claries Caldwell, M. D.,witli a Preface, Notes, and Appendix, by Harriet W. Warner. J Usl received and for bule by It. FARNHAM, Corner of Penn. avenue and Uth street. Feb 15 HARPER'S MAiaZIM: lor September is a magnificent number, tilled with superior engravings, and for sale at Shilunqton's book store. The great Illustrated Magazine of Art for Sep tember is one of the best that has been issued. Leslie's Ladies' Gazette for September contains all the new Fall fashion*. The Knickerbocker Magasine for September Godey's Lady's Book, Graham's Magazine, ano I'liinam's Magazine, all lor September, received and for sale at SII(ISLINGTON'S Bookstore, rp || 15 PA I LURE of Free Society?Soci I ology lor the South, or the Failure of Free Society, by George Fitzhugh. On sale at TAYLOR & MAURV'S Book Store. iienr ^lh street. WATER-COLOR PICTURES? Messrs. TAYLOR & MAURY beg to an nounce that, at the suggestion of several of our citizens, the pictures now on exhibition at their ?store will lie rallied for. Eleven prizes; sixty chances, nl $5. April 12 Bookstore, near Ninth street. NEW WORK, by the Author of the Heir of RedclyfTe. The Castle Builders, by the author ol the Heart's Ease, in paper covers; price 50 cents ; bound, "75 cents. lust published and for sale at TAYLOR ic MAURY'S March 31 Bookstore, near Ninth Mreet. DON'T PAIL TO CALL AT 1IOOI)'* if you wi?h to purchase anything ill the way ? ?I line American London, or Geneva watches. (Ih.it can be relied on for the trut* time,) rich gold jewelry, pure Mlvt-r warr,iVc., iSte., and save Iroin !.'? io |>er eent. ae be is now receiving hir Fall Supply, which will be ?old hi the lowest ?ai hole-ale rales. Fine watches ami jewelry repaired, and war iHfilrtl lo jfive iMllslHCllCII H. O. HOOD'S I' ferine, lictweeii and 4tli streets, sijfu oi i.?rire Mireml t'Hitle. Y I VV SIOOK.S RECEIVED VT <Hll - j.i LINGTON'S Bookstore? ; 'ie l>i?dd Family, l>v Charles Lever. MOther of i^rles O Multey. eh:nil the Scenes, t?v L'lly Hulwer Lytton. The Lamplighter, one of the most lancinating ?onil* ever written. Everything in the Boot Newspaper, and Sta onerv line tor sale at JOE SHILLINGTON'S Bookstore, Odeon Building, corner 4J street and Pa. avenue. TO MEMBERS OF CONGRESS AND STRANGERS. WATCHES.? Members of Congress and others in wantol perfect timekeepers would do well to make their selections at once, in order to test their quality before leaving the ci'y. Our assortment for both Ladies and Gentlemen wa? never so complete as at present, embracing 'very description, which we oiler unusually low. M. W GALT & BRO I HER. Penn avenue, between 9ih and 10th streets. J H II 1$ rn- W reklv Veeklv... . D4NIBL WEBSTER.?Meura. Taylor Jc M<* URY hav? a few of ihe original sub si-ribers'copies of I tie works of Daniel Webster, printed on very fine imperial paper, in which Mr. Webster inscribed hi* name. Six volumes; price $20. T. ?Sc M. are the only bookseller* in the United Elates who have any copies >a their possession. Mar 11 Bookstore near 'Jill ?t. MM'. VVATCHIiS & KICII JEWELRY. HO. HOOD, Pennsylvania avenue, between . I i and tith streets, has just returned from ,\e north with a good assortment of the most rich ? iid la?lnonabl? Jewelry m the market, which he mrcha^ed for cash at very low prices,and now ol iers tor sale ttie same, at wholesale or retail, much ??icHper ihati ?roods of like quality have ever been -??ld lor in this Section of 'jounlry. l'luase call at ins 'lore, sign ol the large spread eaglo. N. IV Special aitentiou paid to the repairing of wmchvi by W. W. Holling-?worih. UA1I.UOAI) MAP OK THE X UNITED STATEM."?This celebra ted Map, recently eulogized by Lieutenant Mau ry, in his " Virginia Letters," is on sale at TAYLOR & MAURY'S L)ec 1 Bookstore, near Ninth street. SOUTHERN HOOK.?Origin ol the Con stitution i Incorporation of ihe General Gov eminent by the Slates; a* national public agents in tr?i"t, with no sovereignly ; Hi.-lory of Copart nership Territories Iroin the Virginia Deed. 17"vl, to the Treaty with Mexico, ISIS; Divi?ion of the Public Lands; Specific Unties; Origin and Ili-tory of Ihe Puritans; Origin and Cause of Trouble be tween the North and South, and Jeopardy of the Republic ; Legal mode <>> Redress poinled oul; by W. It. Davis, Wilmington, North Carolina. Price Two Dollars. <m Male at HISIIOP'N Periodical Store, No. 216 I'ennsylv >nia avenue, adjoining Willard'a Hotel. rTMIEIII.E PATENT IMPROVED EVR J[ lei Machine. First patent combined nn one stock. Second patent, sellleeding in the eyeleta. Third patent, patent improved fastener, riveting both *ides. All parties in want of n good Eyelet Machine arc strongly rucommended to use non* but ' Lip man * Patent Improved,'' which i? decidedly Ihe best ever brought belore the public, possessing numerous advantages, viz: li is strong, durable, and not liable to get out ol order. it punches the hole well and to lit the Eyelet, and in one operation clinches the Eyelet on both ?ides. Ii saves time, as the papers, <3cc., need not be reversed or turned over to clinch the Eyelet ii -second tune, as is the case with all other ma chines. ll is useful to the merchant in filing away papers, a? well as in the attorney or conveyancer, Ihe shomaker, tailor, milmer, and numerous Others, and is a very labor-saving machine. Agents for Washington, TAYLOR & MAURY, Book and Stationery Store, near 9th si. May 54 IlKADY MADE CLOTHING AT REDUCED PRICE*?A? the season is advanced, we have determined lo sell oH Ihe remaining portion of our winter stock ni greatly reduced prices; therefore gentleman wish in# to consult economy in purchasing fine Over coat?, Talmas Dress, Frock, and Business Coats; Black and Fancy Caslunere Panis; Velvet, Silk, Satin, and Merino Vests; Under Shirts and Drawer*, and nil other ready made garments ol fine quality, will find our pre-ent variety to be as well assorted as in the beginning ol the season, with the advantage of much lower price*. WALL <te STEPHENS, 322 Pa. avenue, next to Iron Hall. Fab 24 WOOD GAS.?CAUTION BC it known that I, the subscriber ob tained letiers patent in December, lb.r)l, lor mi apparatus lor the destructive distillation ol wood, and the making therefrom of tar or pitch at pleasure, ami gas ; and that in the judgment ol competent person* the invention of an appar lus recently patented by W. D. Porter cannot be used by him or any other person wituout infring ing my stud patent. And, further, that what is patented by said Porter rightfully belongs to me. us I expect to prove ere long before the United Slate* Patent Office ; and, further, that the use ol said Porter's invention involves also a process which 1 am now claiming before the United States Patent Office, and which has been adjudged to be patentable to the first inventor thereof, and which said W. 1). Porter has formally disclaimed, as ap pears upon the public records ot said office, of which an official copy is hereto annexed, and aiso a copy of his claims. In i lie National Intelligencer of the 25tb instant Mr. Porter announces that he has secured by patent ill* "etiirimi-?"r right to making gas from wood," and threatens prosecution to all parties infringing his patent. I ask how this statement comports with the fact of my patent of December, ISM, and how far the threat can intimidate under such circumstances? Mr. Porter's claim is based upon a movable perforated diaphragm, and was so understood by the Patent Office, as it appears from the records of the Patent Office that his claim was at lir*t refused as interfering with a prior patent to Robert Foulis, of Canada, for an equivalent contrivance. This claim, as given be Ijw, and in which the perforated diaphragm is the saving clause, is what Mr. Porter calls securing the ' exclusive right to making gas from wood.' The statement carries absurdity 011 its front, und is a libel 011 the good sense of the Patent O'fice If such a claim or right had been grnnled, it would forbid every coal-kiln and charcoal manufactory in the country. The following copies of correspondence and extracts from the records of the Patent Office will show the true slate of the ease: . Unite* States Patent Office, August 25, 18f?4. Sir . In reply to your letter of this date, asking " if any patent has been granted to W. D. Porter, dated 2Zu August, 1S34, or at any other time,.or to any other person or persons, securing to him or them tl the exclusive right oj making gas from wood" and whether any such claim was made Uy W. D. Porter, under his application for a patent, which letters patent were issued bearing the above dale, you are informed that W. D. Porter's claims are believed to be c nlined to his appara tus; and, fuither, this office is not aware that a patent has been granled heretofore for the exclu sive right of making gas from wo?d. Il would, however, be unjusiiliable to expect me to make an extended investigation to answer your re quest. I am, respectfully, your obedient servant, C. Mason, Commissioner of Patents. ? W. P. McConakll, Esq., Care of Prof. C. G. Page, Washington, D. C. The United States Patent Office?To all persons to whom these presents shall come, greting : This is to certify lhat ihe annexed is a true copy from the files of tins office of an extract from a paper filed in ihe matter of the application of W. H Porter for letters patent, in accordance with which application letters patent were issued to the said W. D. Porter on the 22d day of August, eighteen hundred and fifty-four. in testimony whereof, I. Charles Mason, Com missioner of Patents, have caused the seal of the Patent Office to be hereunto affixed [L. s.] this 25th day of August, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifty four, and of the independence of the United Stales ihe seventy-ninth. C. Mason. Copy of disclaimer of W. D. Porter in his applica tion for " an improved ttil! for making wood gas," filed August 5, 1S54. Letters patent issued Aug 11st '22, 1S54. " I do not claim as my invention and discovery the improvements in making gas from wood, viz: subjecting the products of destructive distillation therefrom to a high degree of heat, substantially as has been described and for the pur|?oses set forth in the specification of W. P. MeConnell.' The if nurd States Patent Office?To all persons to whom these presents shall come greeting : This is to certify that the annexed is a true copy from the record* of this office of an extract Iroin Ihe specification of W. D. Porter's pateni, issued in the twenty second day of August, eighteen hundred and fifty-four. In testimony whereof, I, Charles Mason, Com missioner of Patents, have caused the seal of the Patent Office to be hereunto , , affixed this twenty fifth day ot August, u *?' .n the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifty-four, and of the independence of the United Slates the seventy-ninth. C.Mason. Extract from Specification of W. D. Porter on which letters patent were issued August 22, 1S54. Claim.?What I claim as my invention and de sire to secure by letters patent is: *? The construction of a gas apparatus or still, consisting of a metallic or other cylinder B, the cones E and D, diaphram plate C, and exit pipe F, substantially as descrilnfd in the foregoing spe viiication.and shown in the accompanying draw ings." The trnth of the above may be ascertained from ihe records of the Patent Office, to which all have access. WM. P. Mi CONN ELL. By his attorney CHAS. G. PAGE. MORNING COW NS^-A large and flit? assortment, at all prices, for sale by WALL ft STEPHENS, ClOVM.Klfc; and 1'reserted Ginger and ) Cliow-Chow, Allea and Choong Looug, Can ion, lre?h importation. For sale by SHEKELL BROTHERS, No. 40. opposite the Centre Market. i Mm ARl) LVCETT, Sen., Ilook-lllnd?r. j Potoiiwc Hall, comer of Eleventh-street and Maryland nveoue, over Clarke's Drug store, Wash ington, D. C. Kvory style of book-binding ex*cuted, either in velvet, Turkey Moroert), Russia, or fancy colors onlf. Periodical* and Mimic neatly halfbound. VIr. Lycktt respectfully suggests to hia friend* ihut whilw much ha* been done to transmit family records, little care has been taken to preserve pa rental likenesses. Heiakos this method to inform Ins friends, and those desirous Ml'perpetuating per sonal remembrance*. that daguerreotype like nesses can l?e inlaid on the inside covers of fami y bibles, pre.<4eutation-lM>oks, or keepsakes, speci mens ol which can l>e seen at his bindery, or be ??mi be addressed byleiier. whie.hwill promptly Attended to. k MATIIKXATICAL I>ICTIONAR% an41 Cyclopedia of Mathematical Science, com prising definitions ol all the terms employed in Mathematics, an analyst* of each brain h, and ol ihe whole ns forming a single science, by Charles Davies, L. L. D., author of a complete course ol Mathematics, nnd Win. G. Peck. A. M , Assist ant Professor of Mathematics United States Mili ary Academy. Just published, and (or sale at lie Hookstore of* R FARNHAM, STONK UDAItKY.?I am prepared to fur nish from my <|tmrrv, opposite the Little Fall* and adjoining the quarry of th? late Timothy O'Neale, any i|uantity of stone that maybe needed for building purpose*. Apply to the undersigned at his house on II, between 19th an.l 20th streets, in the First ward, or to Mr. Paine, nt the quarry. July'27 . WILLIAM H. SCOTT. CK?MM i:\TA ItllCX on the J uriadictlou J Practice, and Peculiar Jurisprudence of the Courts of the United States, vol. 1, by George Tickngr Curtis. History of the Crusades, their Rise, Progress, ami Results, hy Major Proctor, of the Royal Military Academy. Cutmning's lectures on the Seven Churches. On sale at TAYLOR & MAURY'S Bookstore, N?v 16 near 9th street. PR 0SPEC TU S i>k rut ?W ASIIINGTON SENT1 Nlil?** I PROPOSE to publish in ihe city of Washm* lon, in September, u political newspaper, un der iht' name of tin* \VA5I11N(j10N SENTI NEL. In doing so, it is proper 1 should make known the principles iT will maintain, and the policy it will advocate. It will support cordially and earnestly the prin ciples of the Democratic party of the United States it docs not propone to l>e the orgnn of any Depart ment of the Government, except in so far as an in ?le|H.*ndent maintenance of the doctrines ol that party may represent its opinions and express its views. , It will not be ambitions to comment! itself i" in' people by a blind tlattery of their rulers, ltwili ?eek public * -pporl by the bold avowal of the sentiments wnich are common to the genuine democracy of the Union, and by the condemna tion of all such as may con diet with them, from whatever quarter they may come. It will ?eek to be (and it will endeavor to deserve the iille) the organ of the Democratic party of the United States. The Sentinel, will maintain, as a fundamental truth of that great party, that the States formed the Union between them by ihe ratification of the <"ou -titutioii as a compact; by which, also, they created FVdernl Government, and delegate"! to it, as th?rir common agent, the power* expressly specified in it. wiih an explicit reservation ol ?? I others to the Stales, or to their separate govern meiits. The exercise of any powers beyond then' thus delegated, is, therefore, an usurpation ol I lie reserved authority of the Slates by the fffceni 01 iheirown creation. The Sentinel will uphold and defend the Union upon the'basin of the rights of th? States?under the Constitution?anil thus by sedulously guarding the latter, it will the more effectually strengthen and perpetuate the former. With regard lo the exercise of the powers of the Fetsral Government, the Sentinel will take a* the \ rinciples of ils action, that Congress shall ex ercitf no power which has not been delegated by the C. nstitution, according to a strict and lair in terpret tion of its language and spirit; and that il shall nt. seek to attain indirectly an object through the exel ise of constitutional jioirrr. for the direct attainme t of whi.-h it has no delegation of power. In olhwr words, all powers exercised must be clearly gra ted, and all granted powers must be used for no mrpo*e, except such as is clearly in tended by th Constitution. In respect to the internal administration of the Government, the Sentinel will sustain the settled policy of the Democratic party. It will labor to inculcate this cardinal doctrine of Democratic in temal policy:?that this Government will besi promote the freedom and prosperity of the people of the States, by being less ambitious to exercise power, and more ai.xious to preserve liberty; and by leaving to the individual States the manage ment of all their domestic concerns?while it con tents itself with guarding the confederacy from external violence, and directing the foreign policy of the country to the promotion of the common interests, and defence of the common rights, and honor of the States composing it. The Sentinel will advocate such a progressive foreign policy as will suit itself to the exigencies, and correspond with the expanding interests of the country. That policy should be energetic and de cided; but should temper firmness with liberality, and make its highest ends consist with the strictest, principles of ju-iice. The real interests of the country, upon eat h occasion demanding attention will be ils guide in the course the Skntinf.l wil pursue. The national policy of the world in this age is essentially aggressive. In the growing sense ol weakness of some of the nations of the Old World, and the ambitious restlessness of others, a coin mon motive to colonial extens'on has developed self. . r Our settled determination tc repel interference from abroad with our domestic concerns, wil prompt us to svoid it in the aflairs ol other conn tries, utiles? by their foreign or colonial |*>liey our peace should be threatened, our security endan gered, or our interest* invaded. For when the selfish interests of other nations prompt a foreign or colonial policy which infringes upon our rights, and places in the pathway ol our commerce a dangerous and unfriendly rival, sucha policy must be resisted by remonstrance, an J, if need be, k) war. Our foreign policy shou.cl. indeed, be defensive, but to be vroj>erljf defensive, .t must sometimes be apparently aggressive. Our administration shouId be vigilant, watchful, and energetic. The world is full of important movements, commercial and i>oliii< al, deeply concerning American trade and American power. It is time we had an American foreign policy. We must have it. We cannot avoid 11 if we would. We have larger interns, and a greater slake in the world and its destiny, than every other people. We occupy the best portion of a continent, with no neighliors but a colony, and ? worn-out, anarchical despotism. W e are the olny people whose own land, without colonial de fendencies, is washed by the two great oceans ol the world. Our agricultural productions are more varied and more essential to civilized life, and t? human progress?our mineral and manufacturing resources more vast?our facilities and capacity for internal and foreign commerce more extended than those of any other people hv'?g under one government. A continent, to a great extent, uir explored and exhausiless in Us yet hidden wealth is at our feet. European irade seeksthe gKeat l-.asi through avenues which are at our doors, or must be made through our own limits. Europe, Asia, Africa, and the isles of the sea. lying all around us, look to us as the rising power, through the agency of whose example, and ever widening and extending, though peaceful influences, the >less ings of liberty, civilization, and religion, are des tined to triumph over the barbarism and siipersti tion of the millions of the world. And shall such a people refuse to lay hold U|kjii their destiny, and act upon the high mission to which it is called ' A mission so full of hone, though so laden with responsibility, which, il properly directed, must make our confederacy ihe harbinger of peace to Ihe world, as well as the peaceful arbiter of Us destiny. ? The Sentinel will, therefore, advocate a bold and earnest foreign jiolicy. such as the condition 01 the country demands; but it will advocate it under the flag of the country?nowhere else. is foreign policy must be consistent with the spotless honor and unimpeachable good lailh of the country. To be respectable at home and abroad, and to be great in the eyes of the world, it must ask for nothing but what is right, and submit to nothing that is wrong It must I* lil?eral and magnanimous to the rights of others, and firm and immoveable in insisting on its own. It must, in fine, be true to its own interests, rights, and honor?it cannot then be false to thos?? of other nations. Such, then, is the chart by which we shall be guided. Independent and free. We shall endeavor to be honest and truthful. The tru? friends ol democratic principles we shall cordially support and defend. Its enemies in the field or in ambush we shall oppose, and on all proper occasions de, nouncc To our future brethren of the press we extend the hand of friendly greeting. The Sentinel is the rival of no press ol its own parly?the personal enemy of none of ihe other. The present Democratic Administration has our l^xt wishes for ils success in the establishment ol the great principles upon which it came into power; and in its honest lal>ors to attain such an end it will fiml the 9?rr""tL itB lVi<,nd nlul co",1Ju,or T ATF.lt YEAR*, f>jr the Author of ?? the I J Old House by the River.*' Mr. Rutherford's Ch Idren, second volume. Pebbles from the Lake Shore, or Miscellaneous Poems, by Charles Leland Poller, A. M. General Notions of Chemistry, translated from the French, by Edmund C. Evans, M. D. The Land of Ihe Saracens, by Bayard Taylor. Brushwood picked up on the Continent) or Last Summer's Trip to the Old World, by Orville Horwitz. The above are selected from a large arrival of new books at TAYLOR Sr. MAURY'S )\ e P Bookstore, near 9th ?t. J UST RECEIVED AT TAYLOR & MAlf ry's Bookstore, near 9th streei? The Plurality of Worlds, with an Introduction by Edward Hitchcock, D. D. A Lamp to the Path; or, the Biblq,in the Heart, the Home, and the Market Place, by the Rev. W K. Tweedie, D. D. The Catacombs of Rome, by the Right Rev. W. f. Kip, D. 1). Narrative of a Voyage to the Northwest Coas af America, by Gabriel rrnnchere. Corinne, by Mndaiue L>e Stael, new edition. Vathek, by Beck ford, do Female Poets of Great Britain, do Western Scenes and Adventures, illustrated. Life of Napoleon, by lla/.tiit, do ' 8 ATI HI-: AM) SATIRISTS. HY JAMES Hann.iy. author of Singleton Fontlerov, Arc. ("osas de Espiua, or Going to Madrid, via Bar oelona. Just published and for sale at TAYLOR fc MAURY'S March G Book-tore, near 9th street. I^Ott Hi:NT, till the 15th of November n-xt. the large built houi-e at the corner oi lbth and K streets, Call at the " Sen'inel" ollice. Intelligencer. Star, and Organ, one week daily and semi b II* to Sentinel ollice. M?v 17?? I wd The New York and Liverpool United States Mail Steamers. The ships comprising this line are: The Ailaniic Captain West. The Pacific Captain Nye. The Baltic Captain Coinstock. These sh.ps having been built by contract. tspre*sly for government -ervice, every care has lieen taken in their construction, as also in their engines, to insure strength and speed, and their accommo dations for passengers are unequalled for ele gance and comfort. Price of passage from New York to Liverpool, in lirst cabin $130 Tn second cabin, $75. Exclusive use of extra sized slate rooms $325 Froin Livetpool to New York 30 and 20 guineas An experienced Surgeon attached to each shio. No berth secured until paid for. PKOFOHBI) DATES OK HAILING. From Nrw York Frinn Liverpool. Wrt'JMnv. . I icr.. IP, 1851 I Saturday.. IVc. 16, IS54 WeJ'day..Jan. 10, ls55 j Saturday.. Dec.' 0, 1654 Wed c ay. .Jan. 24, IS55 j Saturday.. Jan 13. Ib55 Wed'dV ..Feb. 7, 1 t>r?r? Saturday.. Ian. 27, )bf>5 Wed'da/..Feb. 2L 1S55 | Saturday..Feb. 10, 1855 ' Wed'day.. Mar. 7. 1S55 | Saturday.. Feb "24, 1SG5 For Ire glu or pa sage, apply to EDWAK D K COLLINS. No. 56 Wall *t eet, N. Y. BROWN. SHIPLEY Ar Co., Liverpool. R. G ROBERTS & Co., ? 13 King's Arms Yard. London. B. G. WAIN WRIGHT & Co, Paris. GEO. II DRAPER, Havre. The owners of these ships will not be accounta ble for gold, silver, bullion, specie, jewelry, pre ciotis stones, or metals, unless bills of lading are signed therefor, and the value thereof therein ex pressed. Jan 3?dif PHOSPfclCTUS.?SOUTHliltN CIKVStH vatUe Magazine.? When new H?pirants lor popular favor are Announced, the public have a right to demand the grounds upon which such chow ot title to llieir patronage is made. In ac knowledgment of thii*, we trace the customs ol parties in the avowal of principles; of religion? sect*, in the promulgation of creed*; and of | er sons in all pursuits of life, dependent upon the public lor success, hi iheir preparatoiy expositions of plans and purposes. The customs thus origin ating, though soiix times aliu-ed, are useful and proper, and should not be discarded. And when, in obedience to custom, new plans are proposed, lliore approving ought not to withhold their en couragement, as 100 many do, until they >ee that success is sure, for their aid may be needed to secure it. Such a foolish policy as this jeopar dizes the plan thr-y approve, and hastens iis failure; it has defeated many important enterprises, and has deprived the country of good and uselul works If a new proposition ol any kind is approved by the public, the support of those approving is ol right expected, their approval being solicited only hi the view that their more substantial aid will not be withheld. BRIEF OUTLINE OF THE PLAN OF THE PROPOSED PERIODICAL. The Southern Consekvative Magazine will occupy grounds but little cultivated by American magaiciuists. It is ltelieved that a lield t? open lor a periodical of n new and, in some respects, a higher order than has been aimed at in our maga zine literalure. In litis belief, and with such an aim, we announce ihe Southern Conservative Mnirazine. The new magazine will be nntioral and not sectional; claiming no merit by virtue ol its es tablishment hi the Jjoiuh, but aiming at a higher usefulness and a more geiieial acceptability. It will be Protestant, but not sectarian ; opposing reliirious bigoiry or iiitolleranre on the one side, and ii.fidelity on the other - laboring in its teach ings to ad ? a nee a closer union between the several branches of the great family of Ihe chinch. It will be political, but liberal; owing no slavish allegiance 10 parlies or politicians, it will advocate measures, not men, and will labor only tor the success of principles. It will be progressive, yet sternly op|>osed to the reckless spirit of innovaiion so rite in ihe country?aiming lo el-vate and advance, not de pres-; to reform and improve, not to destroy; sacredly adhering lo ihe Irue intent Of our great republican theory, and laboring to advance it to its fullest development. Ii will be truly Aitteiiran in tone and sentiment, but will repudiate iiolhiuir lorrign, merely because so; believing that the good, the uselul. aod Irue belong not, par exc-l ence, lo any lavorcd people, but are ihe common righl of all It will be the organ of pure conservatism. It will encouruge a high-toned literature, and deleud pure morals in all the social relations ol lile. And it will number in iis corps of regular con tributors some ol ihe ablest political and literary writers of the country. Tne magaxine will be printed on the finest quality ol paper, with new ty|>e, and in a plain bul superior style. Each number will contain not less than 50 large octavo pages, made up of original articles, con tributed and editorial ? reviews, political and ?cientilic e?says, romances, poetry. Ace. We promise much lor the new magazine, and we intend lo perform it all, and more, if the read ing public wtil give the enterprise a liberal en couragement. T Ell MS OF SUBSCRIPTION. The Southern Conservative Magazine will be issued, the lirst of each month, from t'e office of publication, Nashville or Knozville. Tennessee, and will be furnished to suscrit>er* at four dollars a year, or three dollars it paid punctually in ad vance. Publication will l?e commenced the 1st day of January. Ib50. Address orders to the editor and proprietor. W T. HE EM 9, Knoxville, Tennwssee. May 31. P-55. ? Li; \\ I'.S from a Family Journal, from the French of Eimlie So a vest re, author ol "The Attic Philosopher in Paris. Mrs.J a melon's Common place Book of Thoughts, Memories, and Fancies. R. FARNHAM, June 7 Corner 11th St. and I'vim. ?v MltS. JAMESON'* NKW HOOK. ? A common-place l>ook of Thoughts, Memo ries and Fancies, original and selecled, by Mrs Jameson.* Price 75cents. Leaves from a Family Journal, from the French of Eimlie Souvestre, author of "the Attic Philo sopher in Paris." Paper, 50 cents; cloih, 75 cents. Theory and Practice of Landscape Painting in water colors, illustrated by a series of 144 designs, colored diagrams of numerous wood cuts, vnih two extra plates of simultaneous contracts, by George Barnard Price $5. Just received at TAYLOR & MAURY'S Bookstore, June 7 near 9th st. prospectus OF THE UNITED STATES TIMES, A Weekly Nc wsjmper to be In Washington City. flie undersigned, expecting soon lo retire Iroro the position lie has for some time held nsfeuperin-^ iei:ileut of ihe United Slates Census, intend* to devote himself to the control nod management ol the Review, of which, for the last nine years, he lias been the editor and proprietor, and to the publication in the City ol Washington of a weekly new-paper with the above title. The material for lliis paper will consul, in part, of selection* or extracts Iroin articles admitted into the Kkvikw, but mainly ol other original lite rary, educational, industrial, and miscellaneous matters-, including digests ol the current event# ol the day, home and loreign ; the proceedings ol Congress and ihe acts of the Government; lite rary and scientific sketches and essays upon leading and popular topics; biographical sketches of public men; d'gest of official report*. Slate and Federal; the Mate of the markets in the several nrge cities; the progress and.prospects of crops; supply, deuiujtd, price*, etc.; the increase ol ihe country a* shown by statistics, bringing down those ol the National Census always to date The object w.'i! be, through careful editorial management am! a arge and well selected cor respondence. to establish at llie seat of govern ment a Family Newspaper which shall be adapted to ihe wants ol every community; imparting mnsement and information, and political, only to the extent of maintaining the institutions of the country and defending the rights and sovereignty of the Slates. The City of Washington, from the advantages which it presents for obtaining maierial of every kind, through the action of the Smithsonian Insti tution, the Pinent Office, and the National Agri-. cultural Convention etc.. and the several Hureau? and Departments of Government, from its conti guiiy to the large commercial e:tie-<. from the ex tended, exciting, and all important interests that concentrate upon it. is, perhaps, the most eligible location for such a journal, and ample guarantees of us success have already been received. It will be printed in folio for the convenience of binding, and similar in style to the New York Albion. Terms: S'i run annum, in advance. To Clubs, of 10 suBSCBiiitns, at one post olfice, $15 in advance. To Subscribers of DeBow's Review, not in arrears, the Review and Tunes together, ?6 in advance. Advertisements on accommodating terms. In order to increase the usefulness of the Re view, which has now acquired a very exleusive circulation, it will be enlarged from 112 to 140 or l!i0 pages, and otherwise improved by additional editorial assistance and an able corps of eontribu tors. . A monthl" iMorical digest of events will be embraced in rts pages, valuable for future refer ence. The subscription price of*\he Review will re main at *5 per annum, but for the convenience ol the large class of persons who may not desire the whole work, or who may only solicit in formation upon one or more of the subjects to which it is devoted, it is in contemplation to make a separate oublication of the matter relating to Agriculture, another of that relating to Manufac ture*; a third .o Internal f-nprovememU; a fourth to Commerce; and a tifih lo Education aud Ltltere. These publications will be but department* of the whole work, and may be subscribed for separate'y at $1 per annum ea. h. They will appear monthly in handsome periodical style, of from twenty-five to thirty-two pages ; constituting an annual octavo volume of U00 pages each, showing at a single view and in a condensed form the whole results, within the year, in t/i* particular depaitment, in our own country and abroad, as ihe Rev iew itst ll will sIkw them in all of the department* of indus try and?euterpri*e. The Office of DeBow's Review will remain as before at New Orleans, though a branch will be located -t Washington, which will Ins also the main office of the other Journals, mid may be add res ed at all time, in regard to them. 1 he particular address ol 'he editor, whether W ash Ingion or New Orleans, will be furnished from time lo time, m the work. j u R l)EB0W. Washington, Nov. 20, 1654. r.43~ DeIJow s Industrial Resolbces, thre handsomely Iwund volumes upon the I rogres and Wealth of the United Slates, I ..*>00 pares roya octnvo, double columns, clear print, library en may still be ordered. Price ?6 del.vere st the expen-.' r.1 ih?- ??ith<?? \Y A Lll \ II I, 1% l< K i 1/ Ml'1 I i; K)H Sale.?The block of buildings known s? ' the Union Building-. ' and now occupied l?y the Union new?paper establishment. They are situ ated on K street. htlwr^n I'hh and llih ?treet*. and fronting directly on Penn-ylvania a venue. The lot is 70 feel from l>y 1WleeI ?!???? j?. The property i? susceptible of <livi?ion ami re-arrangement, and ii* po-ition such a* must rank u among the best biiMnc'D stHiid* on 1 tic avenue, and i? yearly in creating in value. The lime of the pre*eni le?see expire* on ihe l*t September next, on which day possession may hud. Also. that large three-slorv Brick House on 17th street w*rt, (-opposite the War Office, and three door* south of O street ) Also. that three slory House on 17th street went, next door to th* Government Building. at tre corner of F nnd 17?h streets. Should the al>ove pioperty not Ih? aold at private ?ale prior to ihe Iflth of May, it will he aold on that day at public auction. t Term* will be mnde favorable to the purchaser. Apply to CH. H. WINDER, Corner of 17th nnd O streets March 2ft?9aw?1''Mwv NMV i.ivi:h> maiii.i:. To the Patrnnn of llerkrlcy Sprlnga. Ti! I'. undersigned bc?* leave to inform hla friends and ihe public generally, that he ha* erected a new anil exten?ive L'very Stable, lor ihe accommodation of those who may wish to keep their horse* ai the Spring* during the ap proaching season. The building contain* alioiit 4ft stall* of extra width, and ellensive Carriage Shed*. Its location I* clean, dry, and airy, and convenient to Colonel Sirother's Hotel, with which it is .connected by arrangement. Expe rienced and reliable per-on* will be in attendance, nnd no expense will Ins spared to give every satisfaction to ihe visiting public. The proprietor will al?o keep for hire. several plea?ure enrriagea nnd saddle horses. Having provided these ac eoinmodaliona. at considerable expense, the Pro prietor hope* that he will be liberally patronized Terms loMiit the time*. JAMES A. STORM. Berkri.ky Strings, Morgan County, Va., July 1, ISM. July IS?tf. N?. ? MUSIC?\V. (J. ZANTZINUER has just received from the publisher*. Firth, Pond <V Co., New York, and George Willieg. jr., Italtimorc, an assortment of their latest publica tion*. Pianos tuned, warranted to give satis faction. STATIONERS' HALL, adjoining Kirkwood House Dec 16?3lawif FklGESr OF EXCHEQUER REPORTS 1 * from lbJl 10 ltsG-l, inclusive, 1 volume. Williams on Personal Properly, with American Holes, 1 vol. The Reporters Chronologically Arranged, by John Win, Wallace, 1 vol. 1 lie Creed of Christendom, by W. II. Greg. Habit* and Men. by Dr. Doran. Guy Ktvers, by William GilmoreSimms, 1 vol., new edition. Hits of Blarney, by R. Shelton Mackensie, volume. Bartley'* Poem*, 1 volume. Lippeiu'olt's Pronouncing Dictionary of the World, 1 vol., Svo. FRANCK TAYLOR. Sep! 15 . MY HUO'IHEK'K KEEPER, by Nlw a. 1>. Warner, author of Dollars and Cents Mr Rutherford's Children, Arc. Just published anil lor sale by R. FARNHAM, Mhv 5 Corner of Pa. avenue and 11th atr*M ? is EW WORK, on the Catholicity of the J\_ True Church.?The Golden Reed, or the True Measure of a True Church, by B. F. Barrett, price Si. just received. Mav Kt R. FARNHAM TO OFFICERS, SOJLOIEKS, SEAMEN ?fee., OP ALL WARS, THEIR WIDOW'S AND JU1NUU CHILDREN. S. M. KNIGHT, Attorney for Government Claimants, WASHINGTON, D. C.. CONTINUES to give prompt and personal at tention to the posecution of Claims of every description against the General Govemmtent, and particularly to those before the Treasury Depart ment. Pension and Ikninty Land Bureaus, Patent and General Land Offices, and Board of Claims. An experience of years, and a familiarity with the means of obtaining the rarliesi and most fa vorable action on Claims, with his facilities for the di.-patcli of business, justify him in assuring his Correspondents, Claimants, and the public gener ally, that interests intrusted to his keeping will not be neglected. P?iiblou, Bounty Land, Patent, and Public Land Lawn. Me has nearly ready for gratuitous distribution among his business Correspondents, (and those who may become such.) a neat pamphlet contain ing a synopsis of the existing Pension, Bounty Land. Patent, and Public Laud Laws, down to the end of the late Congress, including the Bounty Land Act of 3d March, 1855, under which all who have heretofore received less than 160 acres are now entitled to additional land; said Act grants also 100 acres to all Officers, Non-commissioned Officers, Chaplains, Soldiery Wagon-masters, Teamsteis, and friendly Indians, of the Army, including Stale Troops, Volunteers, and Militia?and all Otfict.rs. Seamen, Ordinary ?Seamen, Marines, Clerks, and Landsmen, of the Navy, not heretofore provided for, who have serveJ not less than" fourteen day* (unless in bat tle) at any period since 1770; and to the widows and minor children of all such persons entitled, and deceased. This pamphlet contains " Forms of Application" more full and complete than any elt-ewhere to be found; adapted to the wants of every class of Claimants under the Act, with copious decisions and instructions of the Department,' and practical suggestions as to the course to be pursued in sus pended or rejected cases. Parties not wishing to avail themselves of the facilities afforded by this office in securing prompt and prrxonal suprrinlendruee of thetr claims at the Department*, can obtain copies of the above pamphlet by remitting thirty cents in postage stamps. Induceme nts to Correspondent!!. Corresjtondenls who prepare and forward cases for management by this Agency will be dealt with liberally; supplied with all necessary blanks grati*. and kept constantly advised of the changes that from time to time occur ill the execution of the law. It is within the subscriber'? power to direct his Correspondents to the locality of very many per sons entitled under the late Act; and having ob tained several thousand Land Warrants under former laws, he is in possession of data that will materially assist in securing additional bounty. Fees, below the usual rates?and contingent upon the admission of Claims. The highest cash prices given for L*nd War rants, Revolutionary Scrip, and Illinois Land Patents. Address S..M. KNIGHT, Washington City March 17?1 a w2m J Oil N II. BUTIIMANN, Importer and Dealer in Wine, Brandy, Cigars, &c., Penn sylvania avenge, south side, between 44 and 6th streets, has received a part of Install supplies: Madeira, Sherry, Port, of various grades and prices. Cognac Brandy, pale and dark, from a very high order to a fair article. Scotch Whisky, i-chiendam Gin, of superior quality. Jamaica Rum, Monongahela Whisky, extra fine. Cnracoa. rvd ' and while, (Anisette of Dussel dorf on 1 he Khine.) Maraschino. London Brown Stout. Edinburgh Scotch Ale. Champagne of Nlumin's and Moet'a ?3c Chan dons Imperial. IIe>d-ieck Jc Co., Minimi's, and Moet Ac L ha?don'? Verzvnay and dc Kougement. Also sparkling St. Peray, pink anil white. With an a<>01 ime'iit of Havana Cigars. Keitali < El Ca?, Kejralia la Villanueva. E? la Chay. Venexulano. Villanueva. Lindres, Homos. Arc. Al-o, a large assortment of Rhine Wine, (some ? parklintr) and French Wine, red and white, from lli* highest price to a fine Bordeaux table Wine. Dec G BJKULISII AMI KliKNCII BOAKOIXG AND DAV SCHOOL. RMOOfLt&, from Philadelphia. will openber BOARDING ANL) DAY SCHOOL lor young Lidir*. on Monday, Sfptembtr lOih, lv55, at No. ins, Penn. Avenue, corner of Seven Building* and IUiIi street. Mi** BROOKE will be a**i?ted I?y ilie ino?t competent Profes sor* in every department. A French lady, recently from Pari*, i* engaged u* a resident governej-a, and every mean* will l>e ii"I'll to accompli*!) Iter pupil* in that language. Drawing will be taught ill varioua and elegant styles. KKCOVMK^DATIOMt: *' My friend. Mia* Brooke, ia a mo*t estimable lady, of great intelligence, whose qualiriation* a* n icarhrr, and who?e accomplishments in English lit* ruiure, entitle her to high consideration. ALONZO POTTER." 'Mi** Brooke i* well known to me a* a lady ttlio in entirely capable of conducting ?ucce*sfully I lie education of youug ladies, and in every way worthy ol the patronage of parent*. A. DALLAS BACIIE." RKP It KNCK*: The Right Rev. ALONZO POTTER, D. D., LL. D., Right Rev. G. W. DOANE. D. D, LL. D. Professor A. DALLAS BACHE, Supt. Coast Survey. Pro'e??or JOSEPH HENRY, Sec y ..fSmitb soiari institution. Gen JOHN MASON, Washington, D. C. WILLIAM W. CORCORAN, ISsq. ? JOHN S. MEEHAN, E?q , Librarian to Con gres*. Hon. JAMES CA M I'BELL. P. M. General. Hon. ELLIS LEWIS, Chief Juitfet of the S. Court. Pn. Hon. G. W. WOODWARD, Aswociate Judg,. of the S. Court of Penna. Hon. OEORGK VAIL, M. C., N Jeraev. Lieut. M. F.MAURY, LL. D., U. 3. Ob*e .->*? tory. Circulars stating the terma to be had at t.he principal Hook Stores, or of Miaa Rrooke, No 13^ Pa. Avenue. August 30?3mwlm. ANCHOVIES, Varieties, and Shrimp Pa*ts.?Anchovy Pa*te, genuiue, in jar*. Auchoviea in sauce, in pickle, and salt. E*?enee of Lobsters, Anchovies, and Shrimp* Just received by SHEKELL RROTHERS, Dec. 13?3tif No. 40, op. Centre Market WASHINGTON SENTINEL TEHM8 OF ADVERTISING. Oue 'Xjukic ilwcivr- nne?) 1inse-uon .. ..&o 00 " ' ' * 8 " If* " 3 1 <)0 " I weiik 2 00 " " ! montti ?... 5 00 Business cards, not cxcoeding six linti>. lor not lean than six moulhs. inserted at ball prut:* Yearly advertisements subject to special ar rangement. Long advertisements at reduced rates. Religious, Literary, and Charitable nonces in serted gratuitously. All correspondence on busiues* must i>?- prepaid WANDERINGS IN CORSICA; Corsica; Picturesque, Historical, and Social ; with a Sketch of the Early Life of Napoleon, translated frjm (he German by Edward Joy Morris. Pre? ,?i 50. Lectures on Englisii Literature, from Chancer ?o Tennyson, by Henrv Retd. Price SI 'if>. Just published, and lor sain at TAYLOR to MAURY'S CARD. To the Ladir.s of Washington, Georgetotmt, Alutc audita. fc. HENRY WEIKMN'S ladies, mioses, ai d children's French shoes are sold by the tin^ dersigned, on 15th street, just above Corcoran Ac Kiggs's Hanking House, in his new building, wnh the high marble steps, whf re he will receive la dies'orders, and keep . constantly on hand eveiy variety of ladies', misses, and children's French gaiter walking shoes, white and black satin gaiters, flippers, &c., made to order by 11. Weirnten, c! Philadelphia of the best French gaiter material*, and id the latest Parisian styles. These gaiters are entirely different from what are generaly known as" slop-shop shoes;" being all custom work, of superior workmanship, and warranted to give perfect satisfaction Ladies, who value beauty, comfort, and ?con omy, will consult their interest by giving me a ?all, and examine for themselves. C WEIRMAN * P HAYEK BOOKS AM) BIBLES Just received a very large assortment ot' I'rnyer Book* and Bibles in all kind of bindings; the l>est assortment, perhaps, to he found in the country. Also, a large assortment ot? English Books in History, Poetry, &e., and the best American edi tion* on the same subjects. R. FARNHAM, RAPPAHANNOCK ACADEMY. FOR LEASE OR RENT The subscri ber having determined to discontinue teach ing school, offer* for Lease or Rent the R?ppu hannock Academy, which he wishes to dispose ot for the next four \ears. There has been u school at the place for forty years. It is situated seven teen miles below Fredericksburg, immediately on the road between thai place and Port Royal. The locality can be surpassed by none for beau.y or healthfulness,'is supplied with all necessary buildings, which are in good repair and will ac commodate seventy borders. Teachers wishing to keep a boarding school, will do well by calling to see the place before bargaining elsewhere. Address the subscriber at Port Royal Caroline county, Virginia. Nov. 27? THOMAS R. THORNTON. NEW BOOKS.?The Heiress of Haughtoii, or the Mother's Secret, a novel, by the au thor of "Emily Wyndham," "Raveu?clilf," ficc. Price 374 cents. WAIKNA, or Adventures on the Mosquito Shore, by Samuel A. Bard, with sixty illustrations. Price $1 55. ART-HINTS?Architecture, Sculpture, nnu Painting, by James Jackson Jnrvi*. J rice $1.25 lust received. It. FARNHAM, Corner Pennsylvania avenur and 1.1th sireet. SCHONENBERG & THUN, RECHTS?CoNStlLI'BTKiN. GENERAL AMERICAN AND JTQ&EjiGN AGENCY, For the Collection of Claims, the Procurement of Patents, Bounty Lands, and Pensions. BUREAU OF TRANSLATION From the French, Spanish Italian, and German Languages, and for Tr; ojruphical and other Drawings. No. 405 J, 7th Street, Washington City, D.C. Nov 13 if A UTOBIOGRAPHY OF A JOURNEY man Printer.?The Workingman's Way in the World, being the Autobiograpay of a .Tourney man Printer. Classic and Historic Patriots, by James Bruce. Jnst published and for sale at TAYLOR ic MAURY'S IlAMILIAR (QUOTATIONS.?A collection of Fiyiiiliar Quotations, with complete In dices of Authors and Subjects: price tl. Memorials of \outh and Manhood, by Sidney Willard, two volumes; price S2. Ellie, or the Human Comedy, by John Esten Cooke, author of Virginia Comedian*, fee. TAYLOR Ac MAURY'S Bookstore, Napoleon at st. Helena, or interesting anecdotes and remarkable con versations of the Emperor during the nve and a half years of his captivity, collected from the me morials of Las Casii*, O'Mern, Montholon, An lommarrgi. and others. By John S C. Abbot; with illustrations. English Grammar. The English Language m its elements and forms, with a history of its origin and development, designed for me 111 colleges and schools. Revised and enlarged. By William C. Fowler, late Professor of Rhetoric in Amherst College. Cwsar's Com mentor its; literally translated notes, Willi a very elaborate index. A Child's History of the United Stales. By John Bonner. In 2 volumes. An Outline of the General Principles of Gram mar, to which quotations have been added. By Rev. J. G. Gralton, Professor of the English Lan guage and Literature in the New York Academy. Just received and for stile at the Bookstore 01 K FARNHAM, Corner of Eleven:h street and Pennsylvania avenue. * l)ec G VARIETY BOOT AND SHOE STORE. 1AD1ES ALPINE BOOTS Just re ceived a superior lot of Ladies' Black and Brown Alpine Boots, together With a large and general assortment of Ladies, Gents, Mioses, Boys, Youths, and Children's Boot* and Shoes tor sale by GEO. BURNS. 340 Pennsylvania avenue. Adjoiuing Patterson's Drug Store. Dec 1 (News.) Land warr4NT and binking Iiouse of J. M. Clarke & Co?We are al wjya paying above New York market prices for warrants sent ua by mail, and return sight drafts the same day they are received. Address J. M. CLARKE 4r CO., Washington City, D. C. Sept 20?-lm pit \ It EH A KI - I.oit mi Saturday eveu mg, between 5th street and the Theatre, or at the latier place, a small memorandum liook, containing $140 in #5's and HO a of the Patriotic Bank chiefly,one Corporation 35, inclusive. There were also some loose papers in the hook of no possible use to any but the owner. If the same tiMS fallen into honest hands, I will give Fil'iy Dol lars reward for the return thereof; if inthe hands of a thief, it is hoped be will return the l>oiik and papers. ? W. HOWE, 372 Penn. avenue, corner 6th street. Dec 11?3t UNDER SHIRTS AND DK AlVEHS.? Another and a very large supply of Warm Under Shirts and Drawers this day opened, of the best quality and at low mill uniform prices, at STEVENS'S Sales Room, Nov 15?3tif . Brown's Hotel. rp II E AMERICAN SPORTSMAN, O11 1 tainiug Hints to Sportsmen, Notes on Sport ng, and the Habits of the Game Birds and Wild Fowl of America, by Elisha J. Lewis, M. D., with numerous illustrations. For sale at TAYLOR & MAURY'S Jan. 4 Book Store, near Ninth street. I?OK TIIKMPMING TKADE. Gent's Mo Jp alery and Under-Garmeuts.?STEVENS, Hrown'a Hotel, is now opening n fresh and large variety of Gent's Undershirt* and Drawers. Also, a large assortment of ailk and cotton Halt-Hose, pin 111 and fancy. STEVENSS Feb 24?3llf Sales Room, Browu's Hotel.