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EDITED BY BEVEMLkl Tlil kliM A *l> C M AKl.fc> M U KII !; kmitm. TUUKDA1 MOKNIKU, KBB. It, 1MB. COMUBKII. In the Senate, yesterday, several resolutions of inquiry were adopted, ond bill* on various subjects introduced. The House made three mora ineffectual trials for the election of a printer to that body. THIS RICHMOND EXAM IN BR AMD THE NEXT PRBMIDBNCY. We insert, in our issue of today, the entire article of the Richmond Examiner of the 8th, upon the next Presidency. We do so because it contains many valuable suggestions upon the subject it treats, and is replete with the charac teristic frankness and fearlessness of that ably conducted journal. We agree mainly with the toue and temper of the article, aud while we are not prepared, ut this time, to announce our preference for the succession, out of the galaxy of distinguished names that will be presented to the Cincinnati Convention, we unhesitatingly reiterate our opinion, expressed a few days ago, that the success and integrity of the Democratic party requires a change of Administration. We have been living at the seat of Govern ment to little purpose, if we have not observed the many acts of duplicity which Lave charac terized the present Administration,aud the un paralleled treachery with which its organ has fontributed to thoso acts. We are untrue to our mission, if we do not devote our every etfort to prevent the continuation in power of a dynasty which has filled, at different periods of its existence, every section of the country with distrust and suspicion. The time is too near at hand for the great Democracy to select its standard-bearer for the coming contest, for auy man or press, of the least influence, to remain silent. Notwithstanding the edict has gone forth from the Administration mouth-piece, that it is too early to discuss the merits of the several Democratic candidates, and strict silence is enjoined upon the Democratic Press of the country?ut the same time, with char acteristic consistency, this same mouth-piece daily fills its columns with the most fulsome adulation of President Pierce and bis Admin istration, extracted from the press and pro ceedings of public meetings. Although it is pretty generally believed that one of the editors of the same paper favors the nomination of the Pennsylvania candidate for the Presidency, yet be has not presented to his readers a single commendation of that distinguished statesman, from the Press of the Old Commonwealth, or the resolutions adopted by her county conven tions, without connecting such expressions of preference with the illustrious acta of President Pierce and his glorious (Second Jackson) Ad ministration. This is a specimen of the political diplomacy of the Administration. This is the manner in which its "orgau"' holds faith with the friends of other candidates. We must not ignore the importance, to the stability of our institutions, of a wise and judicious management of the critical affairs both of our home and foreign policy. Wo are not to l>e deceived by the honeyed wo: of fair professions or the new born sentimentality for the rights of the States, with which messages may abound. We require something more substantial than the word of promise to the ear, for we have too often seen it broken to the hope. We want to see, at the helm of State, a man whose life, position, ac tions, private and public, give assurance of Bteadiness in his administration of the affairs of this great country. It is no salvo to us, that he should, after having directed all the power of the federal arm against the constitu tional men of the country and the institutions of the South, and reviving into new life and power the whole army of Freesoilers, now turn another face to catch the too often deceived sons of the South. Why, what are the facts ? What does the re cord prove? And why are the mere office holding and pampered politicians of the South, endeavoring to stock the cards for the renomi nation of the present Chief Magistrate. Are the people?the honest people of the Southern section of our country to be forced to forget the grievious wrong that for two years was per petrated upon its rights and dignity, in the soft blandishments that are now held out, at this most convenient season, for the purpose of ingratiating the Administration with them. Are they to forget the unholy and unforgiven crusade against Daniel S. Dickinson and the whole host of Constitutional States' rights men who have fallen under the mischievous power of the federal government?martyrs, as it were, to a proud and just cause ? Are they to forget the restoration of Van Buren and his followers, to position and power, that they might again and forever, pmploy their baneful influence to weaken their institutions and impair their rights and honor? Are they to forget the gross out rage that was attempted to be done, and that would have been accomplished, bat for ^the indignant resistance of the States' rights party every where, upon our party creed, in the con struction of a mammoth improvement to the Pacific, by the federal government and out of the meant of the public treasury? Was that resistance softened by the fact that the project was announced at a public dinner given in honor of the President and his Cabinent, by one of the then, favorite sons of the Sonth, and veritable apostles of strict construction, and himself a meml>er of the present cabinet ? Is the South prepared to forget or forgive the onerous tax that the Secretary of the Trea sury recommended in his report, by the pro tective feature contained in that report, and whioh was only circumvented by the prompt interposition of the vigilant and distinguished chairman of Finance (Mr. Hunter,) in the Sen ate of the United States ? Is the South pre-* p*red to forget and forgive, so far as again to confer her suffrage upon Franklin Pierce, the double dealing that characterized his advocacy of the Nebraska Kansas bill, now, because, it favored the introduction of slavery into Kansas, and now, because it wa< a "bill for freedom," and pledging his opinion that slavery never coald go there? Is the South prepared to en dors* the policy?that moRtfoul and unnatural policy?which he adopted in th<* organization of the two territories of Kansas and Nebraska, which gave to. the northern a slave Stale or gamnatton, and to the southen, a free Slate urganuation ? la the South prepared not only to contemplate with composure and calmness, but with approbation the fatal results of this policy, which now unhappily threatens to weaken the tenure of the property of her sons, absolutely to force them to civil war, at the peril of their lives, to maintain and uphold their rights in this territory under the common Con stitution of our compact ? Is the South prepared again to give its con fidence and support to an Administration which has violated the inteut and spirit of the Constitution, by an active interference in the affairs of the States fur its own popularity and advautage? Is the South prepared to render a new confi dence to an Administration which has an or gan to reflect its sentiments that has been bought and sold by friend and foe alike, as sheep in the shambles, and which, for a con * nitration, has, more than once, jeoparded the best interests of our party? Can the South point to a Democratic Senator who approves ils course! and if there be none, by conse quence, is there one that approves the course of the present Administration? True?and we have always admitted it?there are acts of the Administration that we highly approve; but, judging by the past, how long before we may see that coarse again chauged and our selves another time deceived. There are some men that we should suspect, if they were to evince never so strong an attachment to us. They are like the swift witness in law, who in jures his cause by proving too much. * or these and other reasons we are opposed to the re establishment of the present Admin istration. We have no confidence in the sta bility or integrity of its Chief aud some of his advisers. We know him to bo surrounded bv corrupt influences. We know him to have yielded to them; and we stand prepared to prove, if, through his orgau, we are challenged, that what we say is true. It is an ill bird that fouls its own nest, we are aware, but we are free from any charge of self interest, be cause we know we are not, perhaps, taking the most popular course we might take. How were the votes of certain Senators obtained for Mr. Nicholson for the. Senate printing ? By a PERSONAL PLEDGE FROM THE PRESIDENT TO tiiem that John W. Forxey was not to be a participant in the benefits of that printing!!! He obtained their votes, and John W. Forney, the very evening of the day on which the fraud was committed, avowed himself a full part ner Thus it stands, and we challenge de nial, that the dignified Executive of the Un'ted States not only stooped from his high position to interfere in the election of a Printer, but absolutely pledged his personal word to a thing, which it seems is without truth or foun dation. Is this the description of President that the country wants again? No; we do not, and will not believe it. Not while we can boast such men as Douglas, Buchanan, Dallas, Dickenson, Bright, Hunter, Rusk, and others not less distinguished for their patriotism and eminent services to the country. tor these and other reasons, which we have not space to give, we have seen with peculiar pleasure the following article from the Exami ner. We would, however, correct a misappre hension under which it labors upon one point, to wit: that there is no event iu which Judge Douglas will not allow his name to be used for the Presidency. We do not agree that a pub lie man, whose services have so engrafted him in the hearts and confidence of the American people, has any right to withhold the use of his name for any office within their gift. We claim him as one of the contestant* in this Presidential race. We desire to see a full and fair comparison of qualifications of all the prominent men in our party, and we shall re flect calmly and dispassionately upon the sub Jject before expressing any decided preference. From the Richmond Examiner, Feb. 6. Who shall be the next Democratic Candi date for the Presidency I With very decideded convictions as to who should not be honored with the Democratic nomination for the presidency in June next we can honestly say that our ideas are all at sea as to who should be the man. If policy alone were consulted, we think it probable that the I nomination should be given to the North should be given to a man of that section of the Lnion having the full confidence of the South and able to cary snch a Northern vote, as. | combined with that of the entire South, save I probably Kentucky, would give him the elec I tion. J I The most prominent Northern men who present the first of these features, that is to say, I of enjoying the full and entire confidence of t^e South, are James Buchanan, Stephen A. Doug-1 Mas and Daniel S. Dickinson. These are the I Northern men who can, in our opinion, most fully command, if nominated by the Cincinnati Convention, the confidence and vote of the South. The question occurs then, what vote J could these men carry at the North ? I Aa to Mr. Douglas, we understand on good authority, that he will not allow his name to be I used in connection with the nomination. The reason of this withdrawal of bis name from the I lists we understand to be the consideration, that he has rendered himself peculiarly obnoxi I ons to the free-soil sentimeot of the north, by J his authorship and championship of the Kan J sax-Nebraska bill, and the impression that a I large class of moderate Northern men who I might be induced to vote for a sound Demo I cratic candidate not immediately connected I with the bill, might be influenced by the rancor I of freesoil to vote against Aim, This imprea I sion has induced many of hia best friends to I believe that Mr. Douglas could not go into the I contest with the prospect of carrying a suffi I ciently large Northern vote, aa, united with the I South, to secure a majority of the electoral I college. W e do not, ourselves, assent to the conclusions of these men. We believe that the I more bitterly and rancorously a good man is I opposed for a patriotic action, the more certain he is to elicit nnlooked for hosts of friends and supporters from among the masses of the people. We have an instinctive feeling that this would be the result if Mr. Douglas were entrusted with the Democratic banner in the next contest, and that he would receive a vote at the North that wonld be as astonishing as it wrtuld be gratifying to the South. But it is not for ua to advocate the claima of one who is understood to forbid the use of hia name in connection with the nomination. Wp next come to that bold and noble old lion of a man, Mr. Dickinson, of New York. J here is not a statesman in the Union who ia More popular at the South than he. The 8outh I has once teatified a deaire to confer their auf rages upon him, but, too Roman like for the declined to allow them the privilege, loo honest and outspoken for the timea, he ia said to have offended a large Democratic influ ence at the North, and to lack in said region that eaaential ingredient of a successful poli tician?availability ; and we are sorry to ex press the belief that hia honeaty and conais tency have injured hi? prospect* for theCincin- ' uali nomination. For ourselves, if we had to say who of all Northern men most deserved the nomina tion by efficient service, we should award it to the fearless Douglas ; but if we bad to say who most merited it by personal heroism of charac ter, we should accord it to the glorious old Dickinson. We have said these things of Messrs. Douglas and Diqkiti80n in no spirit of disparagement towards Mr. Buchanan. We hove been more marked in our declarations of Admiration for those gentlemen, because we feel bound to say, that, policy considered, Mr. Buchanau seems to combine more cf the elements of success in the next canvass thau any other,Northern man. There is no contest between the friends respec tively of himself aud Mr. Douglas, or of him self and Mr. Cass. With the great Douglas, untrammeled by a nomination, and active in the field advocating Mr. Buchanan with all the ability of his intellect and warmth and elo quence of his nature, the Northwest will be safe. With Douglas canvassing in'the North west with the ability belonging only to himself, and which makes his name a legion wherever he goes, we cannot conceive a more eligible selection on the score of availability in the Northern section of the Union than that of Mr. Buchanan. His nomination would secure Pennsplvania. He has had no part nor lot in the Hard and Soft controversy in New York, and it is said he would unite the whole conser vative vote there and carry that State with ease. While sound and acceptable to the South, on the Nebraska question, his absence from the country during the agitation of that subject, prevented his taking any active part in the Nebraska agitation ; so ihat, it is thought, the conservative vote throughout the North could be more readily and universally rallied upon him than probably upon any other states man of first rate rank and abilities in that sec tion of the Union. It must be confessed, too, that Pennsylvania deserves much of the Demo cratic party of the United States. How often has she decided the victory in our favor? How often has she led the North as Virginia has led the South; and, arm in arm, and shoulder to shoulder with Virginia, pushed on to victory and to glory. In the recent elections of that State, how gallantly did her Democracy, imitat ing the recent example of their brethern in Virginia, rise in might and righteous anger and curse the cohorts of Know-nothingism. And yet, Pennsylvania, which has secured so many victories to the Democracy of the Union, has never had a President, or even, we believe, a candidate for the Presidency: As to old Buck himself, we confess we have had a weak ness in his favor ever since the celebrated docu ment which emanated from the Ostend Con ference saw the light?a partiality that was only enhanced by the shabby treatment which the authors of that peper received from Mr. Marcy. Thus, laying aside all personal pre ferences and partialities, a calm review of the field at the North, leads us to conclude that Mr. Buchanan combines more of the elements of success that any other Northern candidate of pre-eminent talents and reputation. And here we will just observe, that the selection of third and fourth rate men is a policy not fit to be pursued by the Democracy of the Union. We have not considered the claims of Mr. Pierce in connection with those of other North ern candidates, because, we frankly confess that, entangled and complicated with a Cabinet in which, as a whole, we have never had confidence, we do not feel capable of doing him justice. Individually, we esteem and respect Mr. Pierce ; but, as a part of a dynasty which has destroyed the Democratic party in every Northern State? and would have destroyed it in every Southern State, if our people had been capable of being diverted from the supportof their cherished prin ciples bv any misconauct on the part of officials ?we confess, frankly, we cannot regard with mnch partiality, at present, the mention of his name as a candidate for a second term. The nomination of him over other Northern men by Southern procurement (and itcould only bedone by Southern precurement) would, in our opinion, be seriously and permanently prejudicial to De mocratic success?would seriously hazard the longer triumph of conservative principles of that section of the Union. If the North will, in the Convention, declare forMr. Pierce, then hia nom ination could be seconded with propriety and prudence by the South ; but, if Mr. Pierce is thrust upon the North by Southern votes, we should consider our success in the election most imminently jeoparded. In bis messages and of ficial papers it cannot be denied that Mr. Pierce has enunciated, and that with emphasis, very sound theories and safe constitutional principles. Let the North decide whether the practices of his administration have been in conformity with the declarations of his State papers. That is a subject on which we ourselves prefer to be si lent. We shall reserve our reflections on the hypo thesis of the candidate being taken from the South for another occasion. CONGRESS A BID THE KANSAS (IVES* TION ? GOVERNOR REEDER AND GEN. WHITFIELD Now that Congress has effected an organiza tion, we may expect something to be done in the shape of business. Perhaps the first ex citing topic to be brought on the tapis is the contested Kansas election. On that the anti slavery power seems to have determined to make its first stand. It was the passage of the Kansas bill through Congress that stirred up all the powers of darkness, and gave form to fusion and new vitality to Abolitionism. They made such a battle for the restoration of the Missouri restriction as an army would make to retain a commanding position, which had been gained by desperate valor and much carnage. No political party, perhaps, ever existed in any country that has so signalized itself for un tiring energy, persistent effort, and unflagging zeal. Its beginnings were so small as to be contemptible, its objects so disorganizing and unconstitutional as to be repulsive. But it has persevered, and schemed and worked, until it has under a new and more appropriate name? that of Black Republicans?obtained ascen dancy in the* popular branch of the National Legislature. Having acquired that asccndancy, and in the main effected an organization of that body, we may now look for it to perfect its organiza tion as a party by supporting the claims of the Emigrant Aid Society emissaries in Kansas and those of Governor Reeder to a seat in the House as the Delegate from Kansas. The Freesoilers in the House committed, per haps, as a matter of tactics, a great mistake when tbey permitted, without any decided ob jection, General Whitfield to be sworn in as the Delegate, which was the recognition of his right, prima facie, to the seat, and thus threw ihtonuM probandi upon his adversary. Whether this was done through want of foresight, from the conviction of its proprirty, or from a well grounded apprehension that a stand against him at that time would jeopard the election of Freesoil candidates for the various offices to be filled in and about the Capitol, we are not pre pared to say. While no decided opposition to the recognition of General Whitfield was made, yet several members guarded the point by en tering something in the shape of a protest, or a bill of exceptions. As we have already said, this Kansas elec tion will probably be tbe most exciting and absorbing topic of the wmiuu, aad, la ail Ur lihood, will be the first mbjtct of iapwUMiM brought U-lure tb? llouar. With honest meu and a cooetttuUu?el parij to judge of the respective claim* of lit Kansas gentlemen, we canuot caneam 14 aajr difficulty in rendering a deciaioe. OetffMt Reeder waa not elected at all. lie kai ao pra tentiona to the aeat be claiuta. A mob ia Washington haa aa much right to dcclare km the delegate from Kanaas a* had tha Kauaaa mob tbat, without any ihow of authority, waat through the forma of an election. While we know that honesty and the Conati tution stand but a poor chanou when fanatu-i?u> prevails, we cannot believe that enough evea of those who are known iu Congreaa aa Aboli tionists and Black Republicana can be found to decide that a delegate, like General Whit field, elected at a regularly and legally ap pointed election, by legal voters, shall yield to an opponent, who,after recognizing the Kansas Legislature as a legal body, sublimely ignored it, and who, after administering the lawa aa Governor of Kansas, made himself the head of an anti-slavery mob, aud claims, by a mock election, to be entitled to the seat of Geueral Whitfield. That many of the dominant party in the House will sustain, not the claims, but the pre tensions, of Governor Reeder, we do not doubt, for fanaticism knows no law and no limit. But we cannot believe that experienced politi cians, who, while they strike for success, and in order to accomplish it, hu.nor, while they despise, fanaticism, and abhor, while they seemingly ignore, dishonesty, will bo guilty of so flagrant an offence as to vote for giving to Governor Reeder the seat he'claims as dele gate. By doing so they would set aside all law in Kansas, and all the forms of law. They would inaugurate mob law instead of the dotqi nancy of a regular population. At another time we shall have more to say on this sub ject. From the New York Day Book. Letter from General McQueen, M. C., to Lewli Tappan. Washington, February 5, 1850. Sir : I have, for years, been in the habit of throwing nil printed matter sent me from the North, by vile abolitionists and incendiaries, in the fire ; as I consider their falsehoods as only surpassed by the impudence of those who send them; but as ypu (with some other fanatics) have seen fit to send me, over your own signa ture, a communication accompanying a petition to Congress, expressing a doubt, "whether there be, or has been, any legal slavery in the United States," <tc., I will simply say to you, that I am perfectly satisfied you are aware yourself that your every assertion on the subject of slavery is as false aud mischievous as your conduct in Bending them to me is impudent and insult ing. If you have humanity, as you profess, which you cannot make me believe, you may find around you, and perhaps in your own employ ment, much more needy objects of your benevo lence than my, or other slaves in the South. Go to a sewing establishment, perhaps with in one block of you, and relieve the indigent mother who makes a shirt for six cents, whilst her little ones at home are shivering for want of fuel to warm their withering frames, and are fast dropping into untimely graves for want of food and raiment to relievo their squalid wretchedness. Go into the cellars and under ground abodes of hundreds in your city, of all sexes and color, who associate together without even rags to hide their nakedness, steeped in every species of crime, whilst starving for every comfort of life, and show your benevolence to them, and I would especially recommend to you to bestow your benevolence on those des cribed in a recent address to the New York public, by the Rev. L. M. Pease, the benevolent head of the Five Poiuts Mission establishment, as follows: "Five winters?dark and dreary winters? have we spent upon the Five Points, surrounded by want and suffering, by beggary, shame, and crime. The fact of living here is not in itself so hard as the lack of means to supply the wants of the worthy poor, and to afford slieUer and protection to the homeless. We have been compelled, by our relation to this people, to witness little bare feet treading the icy pave ments, until the nails have been frozen from their toes, to see their skeleton fingers reached out to us, and hear their cry for bread, when we have no bread to give. We have been com pelled to leave the widow with her new-born babe upon her bosom, friendless nnd shelter less upon the street because we had no shelter for her; to see boys ripen into criminal man hood, and girls to wanton womanhood. We have been compelled to hear hundreds of un fortunates beg in vain, even in the name of our Saviour, for an opportunity to reform, and when denied, give up in despair, aud afterwards die hopeless , and all for want of a little of that on which thousands are prodigal. This is hard." When you and your associates have verified your professions, and relieved your suffering neighbors, it will be time enough to send me anything relating to my slaves, who, old and young, are well fed, clothed, and taken care of ?better, I am satisfied, than thousands of those who are beginning to doubt "whether there be, or has ever been, any legal slavery in the United States." Until you have done these things, I hope you will refrain from sending me more of your false and insulting communica tions. john McQueen. Lkwis Tappak, New York. The Hermitage. A bill has passed the house of representatives of the Tennessee legislature appropriating fifty thousand dollars for the purchase by the State of " The Hermitage." The Nashville Union thinks the bill will also pass the senate. The Hermitage is now owned and occupied by An drew Jackson, the adopted son of General Jackson. There is a fitness in the proposi tion before the Tennessee legislature which will strike every mind. We sincerely hope that this distingnished mark of grateful respect for the illustrious character and services of Andrew Jackson will be consummated. In this connection the following extracts of a letter dated Nashville, January 18, 1856, addressed to the Boston Pott, will be interest ing: "The mansion of General Jackson is now occupied by his adopted son. It is a stately and spacions house, with large pillars in front, and is surrounded with grounds neatly em bellished with shade and fruit trees. The plan tation itself is a large tract of level land laid off into fields of grain and cotton ; and ex hibita in all respects indications of thrift and enterprise. The neighboring plantation on the opposite side of the main roan is occupied by Major Donelson, and also shows marks of good management. " In the garden of the Hermitage, near the mansion, sleep the remains of the immortal hero and statesman. A plain dome is erected over his grave, and a mirble slab bears the aaaapia mmenfHmm af Mi ktadb **4 dmtfk hmr k* m mm g?Ma h?a *tf? i Wr* IM? etUwweeei *Mk Iwwtilel W^HMI IMNMt fr I ? Wi^t tf* g tfey u*nk Ik* mmrn M?i?M*eat apMtaftar at pa UlW tlwri MMMrt IM SIMM lUl? fcy tU **??? ??< tktM b<astfc>s pin si wtfcil MM> i MM M? ?W*J faat |? ??fl|| dw plaeas ?k?r? /rwu ?en Ma hnd 4?aa Ml ff? MlMalf I* ?*?? taw a?rtil? wku b Mark* ibur M la U IMIIlUal?il| ta laalaMplala &M vtHMHill ?f <kaw Awmw m4 tk* ihm^mm af ihiir hm It is t^MMH to Mary lAwwwg mm iImw iIm taw ?# Jark?Mt It gwiiaM W?|W aa4 tus ?<aJ elHMwier aalUafl ia hi MMr aadbt atuod ? vary mm 11 ia now a?aM ta kant awn *iw mmm?d fnaa Immi m fuiiina Mtol Ilia integrity aad qauta kiai aa M oearb Wh?i a valuable laaaua ia tk?a la stateaaaaa, and kov Burli doM it aeeewajre tim?a ta pae MW? ia a jaat raaaa akich aabya* ta ibaa Am ' tke time tu (mmm, aaraa* at kwt <?f iIm ptaiaa mid veneratum af MM(a?4ia| gewwfattoaM! IVra f*ra yrmtm?lru? tktaga ia?w>'l af pleas ant thing*?ia a pcin< ipW wkich iIm traly yrMl can afford lo art apoa, aad whu4 aaM waWy interested ia tka valfcn af iWir raca aud tke good of tbair coaatrjf will ke aura lo Mloar. Had Jarkaoa parsa?d a polity tiaM aarvtaf and popular for tka dar, la eta Id kava passed through lifa unscathed br ia?as*i?e aad ndi cult*; but kta memory would t?>t a?>w be eker iiibed with that enthusiasm and reaped which it ia, and wbich coutagt and patriotism ran only inapire." From tka Naw York Coaaan'al idrMwi, Death af llaa Lar|?*l Aai*rl?M PaaS* HalSrr I si Urasi Brit at a. In tbs Loodou Daily S'rwi of tbe iHtb ultimo we notice an announcement of lbs deatb of Joka Ferguson, eaq., of Irvine, Scotland, in bia 69tb jaar. Mr. Ferguson baa died poseraaad of property over tbe value of fti,300,000, alniut one half erf which he has bequeathed to bis relatives, aud the residue for educational aad charitable pur poses in Scotland, of which kingdom be was a native. In early years Mr.Ferguaou visited America, for a short time, and, being the heir of aeverad very wealthy relatives, be bad during the last twenty-five years become po*aen*ed of great property, which he himnelf materially increaaed; Cur he was one of the few far-aeeing liritiah capi talists that preferred a remunerative rate of in terest, with the securities of progressive Ame rica, to 3J per cent, per annum in consols with the security of the British Government. Never theless, his wealth was so great and his finan ciering so judicious that he had not only a large sum in the English funds, but also in the various funds of continental Europe. The bulk of his property, however, is invested in this country, and during the last ten or fifteen years he was reported to be the richest commoner in Scotland and the largest holder of American securities in Great Britain. From tbe New York Express. A Man Walking Upside Daws. This extraordinary feat was accomplished at the Broadway Theatre, last evening, by Lenton, the "Autipodean,"*of walking across the entire width of the stage, on the under side of a plat form, suspended at nearly the full height of the proscenieum. This apparently incredible ex hibition we witnessed, with, of course, no little curiosity. In a front seat, and with the aid of a glass, we were satisfied that no other support than the simple adhesive properties of the shoes worn by the performer, was relied?upon for accomplishing the attempt. When the curtain rose, an apparatus was seen nearly as high as the proscenium, being a platform similar to an inverted ten-pin alley, resting at each end, near the respective "wings,'" upon uprights, and suspended by pulleys in the centre. The under surface of the platform was apparently polished to tbe smoothest surface, exhibiting the texture of wood through the polish. Midway above the stage was stretched for its full length, a coarse netting, of about the width of the suspended platform, drawn to an elastic tension. When .the curtain rose Mr. Lenton saluted the audience, ascended a ladder to a resting place, had a pair of peculiar fiat soled xandals attached to his feet, and walked duly, in a in verted manner, across the under side of the platform. The soles of the sandals we had no oppor tunity of examining, but presume that they were of a finely polished metal, or like sub stance, and supported the performer by their adhesion to tbe prepared and polished surface of the "ceiling." When it is remembered that the adhesiveness of surfaces, is in proportion to the completeness of their contact, tne feat is reduced to the mechanical preparation of the surfaces of tbe shoes and tne "ceiling"' in question. The atmospheric pressure upon such surfaces, we believe is set down at 41 pounds to the square inch. The surface of one of the shoes used on this occasion, might pre seut an extent of 20 square inches. If we may assume this natural principle to be tbe basis of the feat, the support which tbe performer would gain from each foothold, in case of a complete contact, would be over eight hundred pounds against a vertical movement, quite a multitude oi his hanging weight. Against a horizontal movement, or that of stepping forward, there would of course be no resistance. The extended net beneath the performer was quite a relief to the anxiety of the spectators, as he stepped slowly forward. At the termination of his "walk," he was quite black in tbe face, and reached for his support as if he could not make another inch of progress. The Cincinnati Hlarc Cair. There are points in the Cincinnati slave ca?es. set forth in our column*, worthy of spe cial attention. One?That a slave mother has been made, by Abolition excitement and passion, so wretchea, as with her own hands, to slay her own offspring, in fear that they should be returned to slavery. Another is, that the State Laws of Ohio are brought into direct conflict with the Federal Constitution, surrendering fugitive slaves, and the federal laws made "in pursuant thereof? because of this murdar, the State claiming th? murderers, and the Federal Constitution claim ing the fugitives. These practical issues daily, shows the sparks of Are ready in oar institutions to blow up the slave and anti-slave powder trains, laid in our slave and anti-slave anion of States. Before Abolition excitement worked np this passion, nnder the Federal Fugitive Slave Law, affirmed by George Washington, and bat re enacted ia 1850, with only the nccessary addi tions to resist abolition evasions?the fugitive slave returned, without resistance, to the mas ter?and the Constitution and laws were ex ecuted without murder*?melancholy facts, as appear, in this Cincinnati case. And if the surrender of slaves is " accursed," "damnable." "atrocious," and " to be resisted to the death,"?we are told the Federal Consti tution is "accursed," "damnable," and "atro cious," and the Wsshingtons, the Ben- Frank lins, the Roger Shermans, and Alexander Hamiltons, who made the compact for us, thus to surrender slaves to their masters, are of the "accursed," "the atrocious," and "thedamnedl" ?New York Exprea$. Mb. Macavlat's Profits.?Messrs. Long man recently paid to Mr. Macaulay the sum of $80,000 for his two new volumes. What would the philosophic Gibbon have said to this? It is well known that Mr. Macaulay's health is by no means good. A gentleman who saw him a few weeks ago, states that he experiences great dif ficulty in conversing even for a short time. [Dumfrie* [Scotland) Standard. Fruui New York Courier. Tkt D?Mi mMI Ar?Ui of ?"*P* Money w the liu?? of war, and the public ?f Knrupean States is a subject of wme in<4?ury at this mooit-nt, when w? w? a proba bility id either a general war among those power* wr ?m that will involve the credit of the wM important Tba following tabular viee of this indebtedness we extract from a aew votes** of tba Encyclopedia Britauuica, ?ww is eoaree of publication by Messrs. Black A Co., Kdinburg. and Measra. Little k Brown Buanoa t Uiiriw Aaaual rev ue Debt. 11ra>i HftiAiii and i liwUnd ?545,000,000 *760,000,000 Frwaee 6*00?,K>0 .>,000,000 26,000,000 180,000,000 Hb 84,000,000 170,000,000 15,000,000 32,000,000 Hpeie ~. 15,000,000 120,000,000 T urkey... <?,500,000 Netherlands 6,000,000 100.000,000 Hvbrtum ft.000,000 29,000,000 I fenmarb 1,500,000 13,750,000 Bavaria. 3,000,000 16,146,000 i TbeTw*Hi?iUea... 4,500,000 16,800,000 Sardinia. 5,000.000 'J4,000,000 Hanover 1,300,000 5,474,000 Baden 1.6HO.OOO 5,485,000 I hi ate* of tba t 'burcb 2,3*1.000 20,000,000 Portugal 2,850,600 18,000,000 Kmgd'wofSaxony 1,650,000 6,500,000 Sweden .T... 1,040,000 S or way 4J50.000 None. Tuecany 1,250,470 Greece.' 800,000 4,176,000 Modeua.. 340,000 Psrma 76,000 38,000 W.rtombar* 1,000,000 4,842,000 Km alter German Slate*, together- 5,500,000 17,000,000 Swiw Cantons, al together 656,000 Tbia statement, as it regard# Great Britain, should be enlarged by certain new obligations creatcd within the year 1855. Of this large debt the writer in the Encyclopedia Britannica remarks: "In financial Importance Britain stands at the head of all these States ; for not only is her annual revenue the largest, excepting that of France, but she enjoys besides the unenviable pre eminence of being burdened with the largest debt. The had practice of anticipating revenue by borrowing money is common to all: and, as j will be seen in the table, only some of the less important have escaped the ever growing evil. Within the last twenty years the debt of Ant tria has increased more than three fold; and now the French Emperor is borrowing largely to pay the current expenses of the war in which he and tba British Government are engaged with Russia. " The Governments of Spain and Greece are virtually bankrupts, being neither abl<* nor willing to pay either principal or interest of their large debts. Norway, on the contrary, the poorest country in Europe, has set the bright example of paving off that portion of the Dan iah debt with which she was burdened when ae pa rated from that monarchy in 1814, while the Danish portoin has gone on increasing. The Ottoman Saltan ha* only escaped by virtue of his want of credit. Their annual revenues and the amount of their debts are stated in the above table in the nearest round numbers and in sterling money, which will five asufficiently near spproximatiion to sums that are constant ly varying and in many instances not certainly known." Another interesting topic ft this time is the military power of Russia compared with other European nations. From the same volume of the Encyclopedia Brilannica we copy the annexed tabular view of the peace and war establishments of the continental armies : Countriea Peace War. Austria ? 070,000 Russia ? 1,500 000 Pruasia .120,000 525,000 Frsnte ?- 581,000 Uritaio 128,000 ? Spain 70.000 ? Portugal 29,000 53.326 Two Sicilie* 50,043 102.932 Sardinia 47,.VM ? Belgium...* 73,998 100,000 Netherlands 57.959 Denmark 37 043 Sweedru 7,092 144,000 Norway ? 23,484 Tuscany 15.189 ? Parma 2.773 4.033 Modena.? ? 3,500 14 6T.0 Stale* of the Chun-b 17,36.'? Smaller Statea of the German C-onfederaiion 142 066 224.000 Swim Confederation......... ? 106,000 Turkey ? 450,000 Greece 9,848 ? Of this tabular view the writer says further: " Though there has been a general peace in Europe for the long period of forty years, until the year 1854, yet their mutual jealousies have made it seem necessary, to the continental Governments at least, to maintain large stand ing armies. Russia, safe from foreign inva sion, has long been preparing large armaments for purpose of aggression on her weaker neigh bors, and of domination over all the rest, and at last ber overt acts of aggression on Turkey have provoked a war with EngLnd and France, who nave armed in defence of their ancient ally, the Sultan, and with the view of not only maintaining the balance of power in Europe, but of effectuallv checking the undisguised at tempts of the Czars of Russia at universal dominion. In these circumstances, with ell Europe arming or beginning to arm, any nume rical statements of their military forces, how ever approximately correct when written, may have become quite erroneous by the time tbey are published. The preceding table, therefore, contains only the declared nunitiers respeo lively of the peace and war establishments of the Continental armies, with the exception of that of France, which gives the actual nainber of men on foot, as stated in the Emperor's address to his Legislative Council in Decern ber, 1854." The maratime powers that maintain efficient naviee worth notice are Britain, France, Russia. Austria, Turkey, Sardinia, Netherlands, Den mark, Sweden, and Norway, "In December, 1854, the British fleet, in commission and actual service, consisted of 142 steamers and 104 sailing ships, with 63,000 men; that of France, of nearly the same num ber of vessels altogether, though not eo many steamers, with 60,000 men. Toe Russian fleets in the spring of 1854, consisted of 52 line of. battle ships, 48 frigates, and 14 smaller vessels, (besides gunboats,) with 9,000 guns and 62, 000 men; Austria possessed 104 vessels, carry ing 742 guns; Turkey 70 vessels, with 34,000 seamen and 4,000 marines, Sardinia 19 vessels, with 350 guns; the Netherlands 88 vessels, with 2,000 guns and 6,180 men ; Denmark 120 vessels, with 883 guns and 2,000 roee; Sweden 74 vessels, besides gunboats; Norway 19 ships, besides gunboats, with 500 men." In Europe there are two great national con federacies, the Germanic and the Swiss, but in neither of them is there so cloae a union of the sovereignties that compose it as there is in the United 8tates of North America. In Germany, indeed, there is no principle or feeling of unity among either princes or people, and their < on* federation, as such, enjoys neither influence nor respect at home or abroad. In Switaer land, on the contrary, recent circumstances aeem to have produced a closer and more inti mate union, and given to the Federative Am aembly the authority indispensable to the effi cient working of a central Government From the Fredericksburg Recorder. l?if* of Jtmci Matllnuu by tb? Hon* Wui C. Hives. The Virginia Historical Society of Rich mond are doing a good work, for which they deserve the thanks of all the people of the Commonwealth. They are collecting the scat tered materials of our early history, und paving the way for some future historian, who shall tell the story of the settlement and growth o the State as it has never yet been told by any writer. They are re-producing many noble figures and honorable names, which have been well nigh lost sight of in the lapse of years. If there is anything in the operations of the socie ty to be regretted, it is that the lore they are gatheriug is not more widely diffused among the masses of our population. There is a la meutable want of familiarity with the facts connected with the early history of the State even amoiig well-informed citizens. But no one act of the Historical Society has given us so much pleasure as the proposal to preface and publish a life of Jauies Madison. The work was surely needed. No man among his contemporaries filled so important a place or did so much to give character and form to our Constitutions as Mr. Madison, and yet he alone among the great men of that poriod is without history, except as it is interwoven in the records of the State and nation. It is sur prising that his life has not been written long ago. How it has come to pass that no Vir ginian has felt himself called to discharge the dutv of tracing the career of this truly great and truly modest man, passes our comprehen sion. The call has gone forth at last, and the chosen one is every way eminently qualified for the task. The Presinent of the Historical Society, the Hon. William C. Rives, at the in stance of his associate, has engaged, as oppor tunity and leisure will allow, to collect and preserve suitable memorials of the life, ser vices, talents, and virtues" of the distinguished ton of Virginia, whose ashes sleep in the shades of Montpelier. A belter man could not have been selected. A ripe scholarship, powers of patient investi gation, nice discrimination, a deep veneration and high admiration for Mr. Madison and an intimate familiarity with the subject, are the qualities which Mr. Rives will bring into ex ercise, and these, with a style of dignified sim plicity, clear as a sunbeam, warrant the expec tation that we Bhall have a book of unusual and extraordinary merit. We trust it may be so. A well written life of Madison will be a public benefaction, for which the author will undoubtedly receive the hearty commendation' of all true Virginians. Look out for the Swindler. A man calling himself A. G. JONES, who represented himself to us as having been en gaged in selling periodicals for several respec table Northern publishers, and stated that he was a native of Nansemoud county, Va., called on us, some two months siuce, and obtained 300 Lithographic drawings of the Richmond Fair Qrounds, also 200 copies colored Litho graphic drawings of Gen. Taylor and Staff at Walnut Springs, Mexico. We understand, by a letter from Mr. L. J. Oales, of Wilming ton, N. C., that he is representing himself as the Agent of the Richmond Enquirer. This is to inform the public that he is not our agent in any form, nor have we ever had anything to do with him, farther than to let him swindle us out of the above named goods. Should he hereafter offer those prints for sale, we hope they will be stopped and forwarded to us. Jones is about 30 years of age, of medium aize, and very plainly marked with the small pox, having la'ely had it in this city. Messrs. W. F. Tkbbs and W. F. Cook are our Agents for the State of Virginia. RITCHIE, PRYOR k DUNNAVANT. Editors with whom we exchange will oblige us (and at the same time, perhaps, pro tect their own interests) by copying the above. Feb. 6, 185G. Killing America. A Washington letter in the Baltimore Sun contains the following paragrnpli : "It is worthy of note that in the United States there are 3,800,000 Roman Catholics, whilst in the Senate and House of Represen tatives there is but one member each who even make a profession of that faith, lu the cabi net, the Supreme Court of the United States, the Senate and the House there is not a single foreign born citizen. Surely ' Americans are ruling America.' " Thk Coldest Jam ahv.?According to the record kept at the Pennsylvania Hospital (in Philadelphia,) the mean temperature of the past month was 24 degrees, which is 8 degrees below the average fur tbe last thirty years. The 9th of the past month wa<i the coldest day on tbe record. From tbe London Daily New*. COl'NIBL TO KINGS. BY W. O. BKMNETT. Here, at I by my fireside And meditate my rhyme*. Acnaa my boay brain will flit Tbe tilings of the lime*; And a* a loan: my memory run* The news each moment brings. From out the whirl of tboafrbt is spun Tbia counsel ttaio binge; Iteware, kings. beware ' Heed tbe name ye play! King*, tbe world is movn.g ; Stand Iruui out the way' Al laat from Prasaia'e royal lip* Let honest troth b? beard; A jwopk tire of paltering knave* Who break loo oA their word; Tbe perjured faub of duped 'fifteen Muits MM tine* 'lorty e>(bt; The fetore hoida mora Maitkn yel If vuioa come loo late. lie ware. kings, beware ' Heed the m ye play! the world ia moving, tftaad from owl the way? Weak Austria, plant swords yoar throne ' Flay fHH your Moody gams ' Your triumph* freedom laughs to arora, Th. end m bat lb# same; Each time the sybil ronn Jur lore. (hied her present dee , Vieaaa ret will have ber rights. A ad. sing*, her vengsnce too 11*ware. kiefs, beware' Heed the gam* ye play' Kings, lb* world is kaviri! Htaed Mi mm I bo way ' Vow Hapslerg* and frnmt HenndeoUn rgs Are tbiafs wo pnw. a > doobt, Forrt a <>l I be world la tod sachihiags h well raa 4# anwai' < 'Sggvd loagoes nnd W?if ihgnhlod Ihoafbls Murk laager will yon rale f Be wis* aad kbow ibat these are law* When ralers moat taerhoal' Hewnre kings, bears' Heed the fa?a# ye piav ' Kiaga ih? world ia moving At aad (ma oat the way ! Rurbora of Naplrs. a boa shall Hate \ our Maody ruloe fcxyei t Aad droam y'*a there sbaN roaae ao knar HbeN pay Monnsaa ? debt * Hate raapatb beta, Mood oriae fct Wood . fthall am thai ery a adore * The avoafiac (are* cm the trial. Or aw lit at alow, are sore" Bewerr kiags beware! Hood I ha ga?MO pa play Kings, ibo world ?* aooag ; Miaad I ram owl I ha way The iitaon nre ?aae whoe hlalnry By kiags ulnae waa made . Tbe Aataro has parts tis plate By aaiioaa to ha , lafod , Woo ' Woe to thane by a bom tboir path, Thru la'ed poth ia ern sm'd ' A walbld on. ? aa Hmdan trad A bond e fNaan laat " Beware kiafo, '-aware' Hood I be gsm< yaa play ' Ki?*g? ibo world m nnoviog i Btnad from oat the way '