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EDITED BY BEVERLEY TUCIEK AND CH MAURICE SMITH THUKSOAY MoHM.M;, KLH. 14, 18S(i. CONUEUi?> In ihe Senate, yesterday, among other busi ness, there wa? a discusHioii on the resolution calling upon the Secretary of the Navy for a copy of the record of the late Naval Board. The llouee of Representatives elected Cor nelius Wendell, Printer to that body. The Standing Committees were announced. A list of them appears in the report of the Congress ional proceedings. ELKCTIOM OF PKINTKlt TO TIIK HOl'KK. We have the pleasure of announcing, to-day, the complete organization of the House, by the election, yesterday, by ten majority, oi Corne lius Wendell, esq., as Printer to the House of Representatives. It will be remembered by our readers, that Mr. W endell was the nominee of the Democratic party, aud we cordially con gratulate him and that party on the astonish ing success they have achieved. Mr. W endell is eminent as a practical printer, and, we doubt not, will discharge the duties of the responsible position to which he has been elected, with marked ability aud to the entire sntisfactiou ot Congress. CKKTRAL AMERICA?THH MOKROK DOCTKINU ?(aKNERAL WALKUK AND OIK POLICY. The Central American question has for oome lime past occupied the attention of the Senate. Several of our ablest and most experienced statesmen have spoken on it, and Senators of all complexions of politics have thus far mani fested a remarkable concurrence of opinion. The doctrine known as the "Monroe doctrine," and which as is known to our readers, declares against all foreign interference with affairs on this contiueut, has been treated of historically and logically. It seems, too, U) command the hearty approval of politicians of every hue and complexion. If this doctrine were not the settled policy of our country; if Mr. Monroe had never enun ciated it, we would be in favorof making it the the American law for the world, and we would suffer no foreign nation uuder any plea or pretext to plant colonies iuour midst, or assert domiuion over contiguous countries. Treaties already existing we would construe most rigidly. Whilst we would act honorably, we would concede nothing under a treaty that was not plainly given. Particularly would we do so toward England. Bat there is another aspect of this subject on which we propose to remark briefly. The rapid and remarkable successes of Gen. Walker iu Central America, the favor with which he has been received by the inhabitants, the military skill, political sagacity, and love of republican liberty, which he has manifested, all concur to inspire the hope that he will, if countenanced, and properly encouraged be en abled to re-unite and re-consolidate the now separated States of Central America. That is ?aid to be, and seems to be bis object. Should he succeed in accomplishing this great object, and in founding a Federative Republic, he will entitle himself to the thanks of mankind. We are not now speaking of Colonel Walker, the Filibuster, but of General Walker, the military head of Nicaragua. Called in to aid a revolu tionary movement, his sword and his political talents have raised him from au adventurer, a Fillibuater, to a regular commander. He has subverted a bad Government, and established a better Government. That Government has a regularly chosen President, and W alker is the chosen commander of its forces. W hether, if he succeeds in reuniting the separated States into a compact republic, they will remain apart or ultimately become incorporated with us, is a question that already invites the attention of statesmen. For ourselves we incline to the opinion that if abolitionism does not dissolve this Union, we will, in the process of time, gather under our matured wings all the States on this continent. However, be that as it may?this thing is certain, that if the States of Central America be formed into a Federal onion resembling oors. it will speedily obtain large and valuable accessions from our own Anglo-Saxon population. In a generation or two it will possess a population as brave, as intelligent, and as conservative as our own. Should it then think fit to become incorporated with us, it would no doubt be received as a valuable adjunct. Should it, on the contrary, maintain its separate nationality, it would be pleasant to know that we had a respectable and prosperous republic so near to our doors. We have ben somewhat solicitous in regard to the new Republic which General Walker is endeavoring to establish, and of which he has already laid the foundation. W'e consider General Walker as a valuable auxiliary in the business of carrying out and enforcing the Monroe doctrine, and in preventing any foreign interference with the affairs of this continent. We confess that we have looked forward with mnch anxiety to the recognition of the govern ment he has established, by our own govern ment. It is not of course for us to decide upon the propriety of receiving this or that man as minister from the new government. There may be private reasons for not receiving one, that would not apply to another. Indeed, our President and his Cabinet may have reasons which seem to them satisfactory, for not recog nizing the new government at all. But with oat pretending to know all that they do, and mast know, we incline to favor the recognition of the new government and the reception of a minister from it. It is vain to say that it is not an established government It is. It was built up by a spontaneous popular revolution, aided by invited soldiers from abroad, and is not the result of a filibustering enterprise. It does not become us, scornfully to say, and especially to Republics, and Republics too, just at oar doors?"wait until you get older." When established, it is our policy, and their dae, to recognize them and receive their minis ters or other international functionaries. Bach a scornful rejection wonld be an ill requital for the kindness we received in our troubles and in our unpromising infancy. If the gov ernment asking recognition, be a government de facto?not of a moment, hut of a reasona Ue duration, it in our bouuden duty to recog nize it. Such a government is that of which we speak. But there is another aspect of this subject. Shall we, particularly in these trying times when England menaces us with war because of our assertion of, and adherence to the Munroe doctrine, forsake, give up and abandon the only efficient agent in Central America on which we can rely for help 'I Shall we suffer the new Republic to be destroyed by Englaud, and Walker to be shot or imprisoned as a base pre tender? We do not here speak of Walker as an individual, but as the exponent of a great American policy. We can now make bim a valuable auxiliary and should not treat him as an enemy. PKKglOKNT'S PROCLAMATION?KAN SAS TROUBLE*. \\ e publish this morning a proclamation by the 1 resident of the United States in relation to lawless disturbances, which are seriously ap prehended in Kansas. W ben the history of this Kansas agitation comes to be fuirly written, an amount of cun ning, deception, fraud, and trickery, on the part ol the anti-slavery party will appear, that will astonish the country. In making this de claration, we do not mean altogether to exempt from censure the pro-slavery settlers in that Territory and their sympathizers residing with out its limits. Removing into that Territory under the Constitution of the United States, and trusting to the protective efficacy of the carefully prepared bill under which it was or ganized, they have, in some instances, carried with them their slave property, and in many more instances purchased lands and built houses with the ultimate purpose of removing their slaves. They have been met on the threshold by hirelings and emissaries of the New England Emigrant Aid Society, whose appointed mis sion it was to exclude slavery from Kansas by every expedient of cunning, every resource of fraud, and every form of outrage. That pro' slavery men should, under such circumstances, have sometimes been betrnyed into acts of in discretion, is not at all to be wondered at. The wonder, indeed, is, that they should have pur sued so moderate a course. They have had to struggle not only against the freesoil bands in the Territory, but against nearly the whole of New kngland, led on by political fanatics and hypocritical parsons. The intense zeal and the fierce determination of these men may be judged ot from the Kansas sermons which have been preached by their canting parsons. One of these sons of thunder, the Rev. Ilenry Ward Beecher, pastor of the Plymouth Church, Brooklyn, is thus reported by the New York Keening Post, itself a freesoil paper : " He believed that the Sharp rifle was a truly moral agency, and that there was more moral power in one of those instruments, so far as the slaveholders of Kansas were concerned, than in a hundred Bibles. You might just as well, said he, read the Bible to Buffaloes as to those fellows who follow Atchison and Stringfellow ; but they have a supreme respect for the logic that is embodied in Sharp's rifles. The Bible is addressed to the conscience, but when you address it to them, it has no effect?there is no conscience there. 1 hough he was a peace man, he had the greatest regard for Sharp's rifles, and for that pluck that induced those New England men to use them." We have no comments to make on such blasphemy. It is sufficiently shocking of it self. The rumor has for some time prevailed that large sums have been invested, by subscription, in Sharpe's rifles, wherewith to arm the anti slavery men in the new Territory, and we see, in late newspapers, evidences that a systematic and earnest effort is being made by the sham authorities to procure help from all the non slaveholding States. They have addressed communications to the governors and legisla tures of these States. One of these commu nications, addressed to the governor of Ohio, was recently transmitted by him to the legisla ture of that State, and which led to the presen tation of highly inflammatory abolition resolu tions. One of these resolutions reads as fol fows: '? Ilejolved, That our Representatives be re quested to vote for the immediate admission of A. H. Ileeder to a seat in the House of Repre sentatives in Congress, as a delegate from Kansas, until such admission of Kansas as a State." Without any opportunity to examine into the facts of the case, the mover of the above resolution gravely requests the Ohio members of Congress to vote for the immediate admis sion of Governor Reeder. Whether entitled or not to his seat, he is to have it; and whether informed or ignorant of the facts, the Ohio members are requested to give it to him. This is legislation with a vengeance. One feature, however, in the proceedings of the Ohio Legislature pleased us. It was the brief speech of Mr. Sawyer, made after the reading of Governor Chase's communication. It is as follows : "Mr. Sawyer rote to express his astonish ment and regTet that the Governor of Ohio should, to the neglect of other great and all important questions concerning the domestic interests of oorown State, thrust into our faces ?uch inflammatory abolition doctrine* and re commendations as are contained in his mes sage. He claimed that the Governor was, by this very act, interfering with the rights of the people of Kansas, who ought to be able, and were able, to manage their own business, and encouraging the very stata of things which he pretend* to deplore. He had heard the,Gov ernor, in a public speech, on another occasion, recommend the use of 8harp's rifles to prevent slavery in Kansas, and offered to give fifty dol larstoaid abolitionists to go to Kansas and shoot down the slaveholding citizens; and now, m Governor of Ohio, be is inciting the very difficulties which we all so much depre ate. W hy, sir, where was bis voice when our own citizens were shot down in the streets of our own cities by a mob, and in a neighboring " Not a word was heard from him then. He belonged to a party which respected the white citizen more than the negro, but the Governor would embroil the countr? in a civil war in order to befriend the negro ! He regretted the introduction of this subject into this body, to distract onr attention from onr own important business." The Abolitionists are taking much pains to circulate the rumor that Kansas is soon to be invaded by bands of armed men from the Southern States. We do not believe a word of it This is hut a pretext by which they seek to justify their active preparations for war. They have already pot themselves without the pale of law. They refuse to recogniia the Government and the authorities existing in Kansas. They have, without any show of j right, sought to establish and to put into ope ration their owo government, and to set up and itistal in power their own officers, elected under no law but mob law. All resistance made by these men to the regular, established, and legal government, and officers of Kansas, is rebellion, and they merit the treatment of rebels. If it shall be found nccessary to get the aid of u border ruffians" to quell them, then we hope that their aid will be procured. N'KW BOOKS. "Modern Pilgrims: showing the improve ments in travel und the newest methods of I reaching the Celestial City. 'These things I write concerning them that seduce you.'?St. John. By George Wood, author of 4 Peter Schlemihl in America.' 2 vols. Boston : Phil lips, Sampson ?fc Co.'' We have looked over these volumes with much interest, not only from the fact that Mr. Wood is our fellow townsman, but on account of the very different opinions which had been expressed concerning it by the press. We have risen from the perusal with a decided impres sion of Mr. Wood's successful execution of what we think, the only practical mode of touching many of th?; errors which have crept into the fashionable, and through the fashiona ble, into the religious society of the day. But we do not suppose that Mr. Wood, himself, for a moment expected that the book he was writing would fail to provoke bitter criticism. On the contrary, we take it to be ' the best test of the pungency of the work, that it has awakened on the part of those whose absurdities, or idio syncrasies or immoralities it exposes, so sharp a hostility as is displayed in such articles as one which appeared in the Tribune on the 28th of November last, and another in the Intelli gencer of the 29th of December. To anticipate acceptance from a journal de voted to Fourrierism of a book like Mr. Wood'e, would be to condemn it by anticipation as not accomplishing the purpose for which alone, such a work should be attempted. To expect no opposition from extremists in religious sec tarianism in a direct onset upon its own darl ing peculiarities, would be to say, that the effort was not worthy of opposition. From a Fourrieite, therefore, we should have foretold just such a criticism as has appeared in the Tribune. As to the arricle in the Intelligencer, it is written with ability, but from its face, it must either have proceeded from the pen of a High Churchman or an ultra Unitarian. We should have supposed the writer to have been the former, but for the passage in which he complains of Mr. Wood's injustice in putting into the mouth of Dr. Upatree, doctines quoted from Newman, Froude, and Pusey, in the tracts. No real High Churchman of the present day could possibly have fallen into the error of dis claiming the doctrines contained in the tracts, whatever he might say of the men who wrote them. Indeed, every Episcopalian knows that the very rock upon which the high and the low parties in his church have divided in recent times, has been tractariatii.im. We are, there fore, rather inclined to suppose the writer an L nitarian, and if bo, are not at all surprised at the earnestness with which he endeavours to prove that Mr. Wood's book accomplishes nothing. But we cannot agree with the writer, last mentioned, who says: ''The method of treating the various reforma tory movements of the day?the phalanstery, the woman's rights convention, the conversa tions of free inquirers?present more fully a fact, which has grown on us with every page of this book, that the forte of the author of'Mod ern Pilgrims' is not in philosophical estimates. A man who believes that in this age a great epidemic sympathy can concentrate its energies on a great popular movement, and gather around it appliances of money, time, enthusiasm, without its having any root in the nature of things, is not a thinker." Now, we do not understand Mr. Wood to in sinuate that these " epidemic sympathies" do not have any " root in the nature of things," but only as asserting that they do not spring from a healthy root. Not that spirit ualism, Mormonism, 4c., have no roots in hu man nature, but that they are rooted in envy, lust, ambition, mental and physical idiosync racies, which are not the wholesome roots from which spring such institutions as conduce to real reform. When women unsex them* ?elves and assume a character which Ood never gave them, when they can to far overcome that instinctive modesty which shrinks from the public stare, and can walk the streeU in male attire without even a blush on the cheek at the gaze and grinnings of the crowd, arguments are in vain, and it is only by holding up their likeness to the scorn of the world that any im pression can be made on them. We think that the world at large can never be brought to see these vagaries of cranky intellect*, until they are exhibited in such colors as Mr. Wood has applied in his book. So, with respect to those blots upon the good taste and instinctive propriety even of this age of innovation, womens' right's conventions, in which the natural and graceful occupations of the female sex are cast aside, and affairs of men assumed as their proper province. Reasoning is thrown away on snch persona. Modesty is appealed to in vain. Physical necessities are laughed at, and were it not that Ood himself has placed some natural obstacles in the way of an entire turn ing upside down of all the customs of society, we should not know where it would end. There are some few physical peculiarities of both sexes, and some few functions which can not be interchanged. We have among us living advocates of all the delusions of socialism, spiritualism, Wakemanism, Mormonism, and other kindred absurdities, which are uprooting the very first and best principles of civil, so cial, and domestic life, which are to be dealt with, not so much by reason as by ridicule. Again: we cannot help feeling the force and truthfulness of the picture Mr. Wood has drawn of the influence which a spurious imi tation of German philosophy has had upon the thought, language, and especially the religious belief of a certain portion of oor country, and which are beginning to be felt in what is now familiary called American infidelity. No man who has threaded the pages of the greater Oerman philosophers, can have failed to be struck with how little justice Kant, Fichte, and Shelling have been saddled by their so called disciples in their own land, and espe cially in this, with doctrines which they never taught and with consequences which never flowed legitimately from their principles. As to the peculiar obliquities of different religious sects, we shall say but little. We all ' think we can see the faithfulness of the por trait for every sect but our own. Not that it is true of all individuals of all sects, but that it is a strongly marked and possibly a little ex aggerated likeness of some bigot of some sect whose part in life seums to have been to cari cature religion by smothering its principle in constantly parading its appearance. We have to thank Mr. Wood for a book which has not only entertained us, but by which we hope our selves aud others have beeu benefitted, a book into which he has transfused the Horalian mixture, " Utile cum dulci." Parts of it are powerfully written, and the scene in which the Pilgrims at last pass through the Jordan is highly affecting. The form in which the book has appeared is such as suited its author, and of which no one else has a right to complain. It has always been the habit of those aiming to expose the peculiar weaknesses, vices, and eccentricities of any age, to do eo by personifying them with a greater or less degree of exaggeration, by which course they have reached a larger num ber of readers, and consequently enlarged the sphere of that influence they were designed to exert. The genius of Fielding and Smollet seized upon the prominent though generally concealed vices of their times, and held them up to ridicule and contempt; Le Sage, in somewhat exaggerated colors ; Cervantes, in a mofce extravagant manner still, exposed the follies of their day; so that Quixotism, by the incomparable extravaganza of the latter has become the appellative of every distorted and overwrought fancy of succeeding times. Mr. Wood has exposed many of the monstrosities of our country and times with an unsparing hand, and however much the temper displayed by those whose withers are not unwrung, may be evidence of the faithfulness of the picture, its influence will be felt more after the first im pulse of curiosity is over. We cannot refrain from saying that Mr. Wood may well be proud of the contributions he has made to the per manent literature of his country, and even should he not again resume the pen, can afford to rest his title to the consideration of his fel low-citizens and of posterity on two such off springs of his brain as Peter Schlemil in Ame rica and the Modern Pilgrims. L. By the President of the United States of America. A PROCLAMATION. Whereas indicatious exist that public tran quility and the supremacy of law in the Terri tory of Kansas are endangered by the repre hensible acts or purposes of persons, both within and without the same, who propose to direct and control its political organization by force. It appearing that combinations have been formed therein to resist the execution of the territorial laws, and thus, in effect, subvert by violence all present constitutional and legal authority : It also appearing that persons re siding without the Territory, but near its bor ders, contemplate armed intervention itr the affairs thereof: It also appearing that other persons, inhabitants of remote States, are col lecting money, engaging men, and providing arms for the same purpose. And it furthe'r appearing that combinations within the Terri tory are endeavoriug, by the agency of emii saries and otherwise,to induce individual Slates of the Union to intervene in the affairs thereof, in violation of the Constitution of-the United States: And whereas all such plans for the determi nation of the future institutions of the Territory, if carried into action from within the same,' will constitute the fact of insurrection, and, if from without, that of invasive aggression, and will, in either case, justify and require the for cible interposition of the whole power of the General Government, as well to maintain the laws of the Territory as those of the Union : Now, therefore, I, Branklin Pierce, Presi dent of the United States, do issue this my proclamation to command all persons engaged m unlawful combinations against the con stituted authority of the Territory of Kansas or of the United States to disperse and retire peaceably to their respective abodes, and to warn all such persons that any attempted in surrection id said Territory or aggressive in trusion into the same will be resisted not onlv bv the employment of the local militia, but also by that of any available forces of the L nited States ; to the end of assuring immunity from violence and full protection to the persons, property, and civil rights of all peaceful and law abiding inhabitants of the Territory. . 'n anJ part of the Lnion, the fury of fac tion or fanaticism, inflamed into disregard of the great principles of popular sovereignty which, under the constitution, are fundamental in the whole structure of our institutions, is to bring on the country the dire calamity of an arbitrament of arms in that Territory, it shall be between lawless violeuce on the one side and conservative force on the other, wielded by legal authority of the general government. I call on the citizens, both of adjoining and of distant States, to abstain from unauthorized intermeddling in the local concerns of the Territory, admonishing them that its organic law is to be executed with impartial justice - that all individual acts of illegal interference will incur condign punishment; and that any endeavor to intervene by organized force will be firmly withstood. I invoke all good citizens to promote order by rendering obedience to the law; to seek remedy for temporary evils by peaceful means; to discountenance and repulse the counsels and the instigations of agitators and of disorganizes; and to testify their attachment to their country^ their pride in its greatness, their appreciation of the blessings they enjoy, and their determi nation that republican institutions shall not fail in their hands, by co-operating to uphold the majesty of the laws and to vindicate the sanctity of the constitution. In testimony whereof. I have hereunto set my hand, and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed to these presents. Done ai the citj of Washington, the eleventh day of February, in the year of our [skal.I Ij0rd OD' thousand eight hundred and fifty-six, and of the independence of the United States the eightieth. FRANKLIN PIERCE. By the President, W. L. Makct, Secretary of State. Appointments by tk* Pnildrnt. Ry and with the advice and content of tk* Senate. George P. Searburgh, of Virginia, to be , ?fudge of the Court of Claims, in place of I Joseph H. Lumpkin, declined. A. G. Seaman, of the District of Columbia, I to be Superintendent of the Public Printing. I %? Du ring the last half of 1865 no less than four ministers and priests, four lawyers, eirht doctors, and two hundred and eighty-two women, were arrested in Chicago, III. %* The San Antonio Herald has an onion raised at EI Paso, Texas, weighing two pounds ! and eleven ounces. *#*The Chicago limes, of the 28th nit., says: Mr. Price, of the firm of Price A Fisher, of this city, arrived to-day from Green Bay, in a novel turn out. lie drove the entire distance in a light sleigh drawn by a single dog, aver aging thirty miles a d?y. Congressional. TUlKTY-rOUKTH CONGKEMti. FIRST SESSION. 8enate?Tuesday, February 12, lb5tt. 1 he PRESIDENT of the Senate laid before ihe body a letter froiu the Second Auditor of the ] reasury, communicating copies of accouuta of persona charged with the disbursement of moneys, goods, or effects for the benefit of the Indiana during the fiscal year ending the 30ib of June, ls>55. Also, a letter from the Commissioner of Patents, communicating hia annual report for the year ISM. V arioiis memoriala and petitions were presented and appropriately referred. Mr. JiA S A III), from the Committee on the Ju diciary, reported a bill amendatory of the act en titled " Au act to regulate Ihe leett and costs to he allowed clerks, marshals, and attorneya of the Circuit and District Courta of the United Slates, and for other purposes." Mr. Bayahd explained the object of the bill, which was to place jurora of this District on the hHine looting with others of the United States Courts. The prices of living here were quite as great as elsewhere, and the passage of the bill would be but a simple act of justice. Ihe bill was considered and passed. Mr. WELLhR, Iroin the Committee on Military Afijirs, asked to be discharged from the further consideration of the memorial of Leslie Combs, and that it be referred to the Committee on Public Lands; which was agreed to. Also, from the same committee, reported a bill for the relief of Jacob Dodsou. RESOLUTIONS. Mr. HALE submitted the following resolution, and, as it was one of inquiry merely, he would ask its immediate consideration : Resolved, That the Committee on the Judiciary be instructed to inquire and report whether the pro visions of au act to promote the efficiency of the navy, approved 2?th February, 1855, are in accor dance with the provisions of the Constitution of the United States ; and whether the proceedings under said acr, by which large numbers of officers of the navy huve been iuvoluntarily placed on the reserved list and on furlough and others dismissed from the service, are agreeably to or warranted by the provisions of said Constitution. The consideration was objected to, and it lies over under the rule. BILLS INTRODUCED. By Mr. HALE : A bill to repeal an act entitled "An act to promote the efficiency of the navy " By Mr. FISH : A bill for the reliefofthe widows and orphans of the officers, seaman, and marines of the United States ship of war Albany, and for other purposes. Also, a bill to require the employment of appren tices in the commercial marine of the United States. ' By Mr. BROWN : A hill to incorporate the Co lumbian Wood Gas Company. By Mr. FOOT : A bill making compensation to George P. Mar-h for extraordinary tervices and expenses on a special mission to the Greek Gov ernment and for negotiating a treaty between the Government of the United States and Persia. By Mr. ADAMS: A bill to provide for the satis faction of Choctaw reservations under the 19tb article of th.- treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek of September, 18.1ft. Mr. WELLER introduced a joint resolution authorizing and directing the Secretary of War to lurnish in certain cases verified copies of original papers filed before the Board for the Examination of claims contracted iu California under Lieuten ant Colonel Fremont. NOTICE OF A BILL. Mr. Yl LEE gave notice of his intention to in troduce a bill to establish a port of entry at F>*r nandina and at Tampa, in Florida. ELECTICN OF OFFICER8. Mr. BIGGS moved to take up for consideration the following resolutions : Itrsolvd, That the Senate will on Monday next, at one o'clock, elect a Secretary of the Senate, Sergeant at-Arms and Assistant Doorkeeper Hetolvtd, That the following shall be one of the standing rules of the Senate, to wit: 52. The Sec retary of the Senate, and Sergeant at Arms, and Assistant Doorkeeper, shall be chosen on the second Monday of the first session of every Con gress After debate, the question was taken on the indefinite postponement,and decided in the affirm ative?yeas 83, nays 11. CENTRAL AMERICA. The Senate then proceeded to the consideration of the special order, being a reference to the Com mittee on Foreign Relations of the letter commu nicating the opinion of Lord John Russell as to the construction of the Clayton and Bulwer treaty. Mr. WILSON addressed the Senate at conside rable length. He was for declaring the Clayton and Bulwer treaty void, and leaving matters as they stood prior to its adoption, as we might then lake a fair start, and we should be likely lo colo nize quite as fast a* England. He thought Ihe treaty ought never to have been made, and that our Government was^bverrea. hed in the affair. Mr. MASON deprecated discussion on the sub ject as p.emature and rather calculated to em barrass than to relieve the matter, and hoped the reference would be made without further delay. Mr. BUTLER did not agree with Senators who anticipated war from the present condition of affairs in Central America. He thought the dis cussion inopportune, and repudiated the idea that two su- h nations an Great Britain and the United Stales should feel it necessary to go to war about matters of as small moment as the Rualan Isl ands. These two countries had the most import ant mission of all others, the civilization of the world by their example. He had no doubt the day was not far distant when the sword would be considered a vulgar arbiter in the settlement of the affairs of men and nationa. Mr. B. referred ?o the warlike posijion cf the honorable Senators from Delaware, New York, and Vermont, and that of the venerable Senator from Michigan, whose absence forbade a reply to aome allusions made in speech. He thought the subject ought to be referred, and not discussed in its pf-esent shape Mr. FOOT said that Mr. Clayto* desired to wind up the debate; but, as that Senator was not present, (being indisposed at thia time,) he would move that the further conaideration of the subject be posponed until Monday next; which motion was agreed to. And the Senate adjourned. ?louae of Reprenetitatlvea. Mr. PENNINGTON presented a joint resolu tion of the Legialature of the State of New Jersey, deprecating the action of the late Naval Board in deposing Commodore Charles Stewart "from bis well-earned position of senior post captain of the United States Navy," and placing him upon the retired list, and requested their Senators and Rep resentativea to obtain from Congress such legisla tion aa may be necessary and proper to review the action of said Board and Ihe approval thereof by the President and lo restore Com. Stewart to his position in the navy. 1 The resolution was laid on the table and ordered lo be printed. The House then resumed the business of vo ting for printer, when the seventh vote was had, and resulted as follows: Mr. Wendell, of New York AO Follett, of Ohio. Farnham, ot Washington 9 Sargent, of Pennsylvania t| Defrees, of Indiana 0 Scattering g Whole number of vote* 164 Necessary to a choice b3 No person having received a majority of the whole number of vote* given, the eighth vole was had. and resulted aa follows: Mr. Wendell Follett 63 Farnham (0 Defrees 7 Sargent Q Banks 5 Scattering..... 7 103 Thrre having l?een no election, the ninth vote was had, and resulted as follows: Mr. Wendell Follett M Farnham.. || Sargent Defrees 12 Banka Scattering 162 So there was no election. Mr. CARUTHERM. of Missouri, then placed in nomination George Knapp, of the Misaouri Re publican. Mr. WRIGHT, of Tennessee, submitted the following resolution: Knolvtd, That ihe further execution of the order for the election of public printer be postponed until the first Monday in December next, and that until that lime the duties of the office be performed by the officer elected by the last House of Represeu. latives. Mr. DAVIDSON, of Louisiana, moved that the House udjuuru; which motion was agreed to: Yeas 60 pays 72. And at halt-past two o'clock the House ad |journed. Senate, Wednesday, February 13, 1856. I he PRESIDENT pro trm, laid before the Senate a couimunicatiao Irom the Secretary of the Navy, transmitting abstracts of contracts lor fur nishing articles for the bureau of Yards and Docks. Mr. SUMNER presented Joint Resolutions of the Legislature of Massachusetts, relative to the fugitive slave law of 1S50, in which I but law is declared to b?- in direct violation ol the Con^itu lion ol the United Stales, and the Senators Irom that Slate are directed, and lite Representatives requested, to use all honorable means to procure iis immediate repeal, on account of its being iu contravention uot only of the supreme law of the land, but the higher law of God. Also, joint resolutions of the Legislature of Massachusetts iu relation to the territory of Kan sas, stilting that thut territory hus been invuded by un armed mob from the State of Missouri, aud call on the ('resident to take effectual measures to protect the sovereign people against such out rages. Also, joint resolution*! concerning French spoli ations. All the above were laid on the table, and ordered to be printed. Mr. SUMNER also presented joint resolutions of the Legislature of Massachusetts, in relation to the duties on foreign coal; which were referred to the Committee on Finance. A large number of petitions from naval officers, complaining ol the action of the late Naval Board, were received and referred to the Committee on Naval Affairs. Mr. MASON introduced a joint resolution for the appointment of civilians to fill vacancies in the board of regents of the Smithsonian Institu tion. It appoints Hon. George E Badger, of North Carolina, and Professor Cornelius C. Felton, of Massachusetts, to fill the vacancies in the Board occasioned by the death of Hon. J. M. Berrien, of Oeorgia, and Hon. Rufus Choate, of Massachu setts. The joint resolution was reud three times by unanimous consent and pnssed. Mr. BENJAMIN submitted a resolution that each member of the Senate be furnished with the tenth volume of Little & Brown's edition of the Statutes at Large, and that the preceding volumes be furnished to those members who have not already received them. Agreed to. Mr. HALE desired to call up his resolution,sub mitted yesterday, instructing the Committee on the Judiciary to inquire into the constitutionality of the law "to promote the efficiency of the navy,'1 under which the Naval Board acted. Mr. MALLORY ?uid that the memorials on this subject had been uniformly referred to the Com mittee on Naval Affairs,and hence that committee had the whole subject before them; it was now proposed to refer the same matter to another com mittee. He thought it better to wait until that committee should report, and. if their report was not satisfactory, the proposed resolution could be adopted. Mr. BUTLER concurred in tlie desire that the resolution should not be adopted at present. Mr. HALL consented to let it lie over. ? Mr. SUMNER submitted a resolution, instruct ing the Committee on the Post Office and Post Roads to consider the expediency of providing for the convenience aud security of transmuting abroad small sums of money, thut orders or drafts be issued from our post office on foreign post offices with which it is in correspondence, so as to constitute a system of iuternaiionul post office orders. Agreed to. Mr. S. also submitted a resolution directing the Committee on Commerce to consider the expedi ency of abolishing, by law, the exaction of twenty ceuis from the monthly wages of seamen in the commercial marine oftiie United Slates and bont men on the western waters, constituting what is called hospital money?so ihat, when sick, they may enjoy their present hospital privileges without [this tax. A*re. d lo. Mr. !? I TZPAl RICK introduced a bill, in pur suance ol notice, to provide for the examination and payment of certain claimsol citizensof Georgia and Alabama, on account of losses sustained by depredations of the Creek Indians. Mr- TliL M BU LL, in pursuance of notice, asked and obtained leave to introduce a bill for the con struction of a suitable building lor the accommo dation of the circuit and district couris of the United Males, and the several offices connected therewith, and the post office, at Springfield, Illi nois. 1 he Senate resumed the consideration of the resolution submitted some time since by Mr. Jones, of Tennessee, calling for the journal of the naval board. Mr. BENJAMIN resumed and concluded his remarks iu relation to the proceedings of the board, in which he defended them from imputa tions which had been cast upon them. He look the ground that where vacancies had been occa sioned by the action of the board, Congress had no power to fill them ; and if injustice had been done lo any officers, the remedy must be sought in some other way. The course which he pro posed was, first, lo confirm >11 the nominations which the President should make, in compliance with the law?let the law be fairly executed, so long as it is a law. But he would favor the estab lishment of a board of review, who should re consider the decisions of ihe naval board ; and he would recommend the passage of a law authoris ing the President of ihe United States to restore to active service the officers who may be pro nounced by this board of review competent and efficient officers, if their judgment is approved by him. Let them be put l>ack into the navy, with the provision lhai whenever vacancies in iheir number occur by death or resignation, these va cancies are not to be filled. 'I he only inconve nience that could result from a law of that kind would be, that for a short period the country might be put to me expense of paying a few more Jollars per annum, by having a few more officers in each grade than our laws now require. This course would reconcile the claims of justice to officers abroad, cfficers at home, and the public service of the country; and at the same tune it would restore health and vigor to the body ol the navy. Mr. MALLORY said that a proposition of this kind had been considered by the Committee on Naval Affairs, and had met with some favor. Messrs. BAYARD, 11ALE, and CRITTEN DEN replied to ihe remarks rtf Mr BBWAMR and othera; and Mr. Mallokv defended the action of [the naval board. Mr. TOOMBS argued that the law had not been properly executed, and advocated the adoption of the resolution. He wanted to get all the infor mation, and then th.-y could decide what ought to be done. Mr. BUTLER obtained the floor, when the further consideration of the subject waa post poned until to-morrow ; and, after an Executive session. The Senate adjourned. Honae of Representatives. Mr HARLAN nominated Hon. JOSEPH J. [COOMBS as a candidate for public Printer. The House then voted, with the following I result. Mr. Wendell . 7.1 Follett, 36 Farnham 8 Sargent 8 Delrees ja Morris 4 Banks 2 Knapp. ...??? ? 1 ' Coombs.., 9 J W. Webb 5 Mcintosh Whole number of votes IrtO Neces?ary lo a choice bl Mr. STANTON asked leave to offer a resolu tion. which was read for informal ion, proposing to postpone the execution of ihe special order until ihe first Monday of Decemlier next, and that the printing which may be ordered during the present session shall Ue executed under the superinten dence of the Printing Committee of the House. The House again voted with the following re sult. Mr. Follett. 20 Wendell 91 Farnham 3 Sargent 8 I >eireea 13 Odomba 8 Webb 7 Prentice 1 K uapp 1 Whole number of voles 100 Neceaaary to a choice 81 Mr. Wende1! having received the necessary number ol votes was declared duly elected Printer to the House. On motion of Mr. WASHBURN of Maine, a resolution was then adopted for the election of a Chaplaia. The following standing Committees were an nounced : Committee of Election*.?Mes?rs. Washburn of Maine, Stephens, Wuison, Spinner, Oliver of Missouri, Hickman, Colfax, Smith of Alabama, and Bingham. Co mm U tee o f Way* and Meant.?Messrs Cam Ji be 11 of Ohio, Howard, Cobb of Georgia, Jones of Tennessee, lM vis of Maryland, Sage, Phelp*, Campbell of Pennsylvania, and De Witt. Commute* of' Claim*.?Messrs. Gtddings, Let cher, Bishop, Jones of Pennsylvania, Duun, Lnuwl ton. Taylor, Gilbert, and Marshall of Illinois. Commnt-e on Cotnmerre.?Messrs. Washburne of Illinois, Wade, Millson, McQuwen, Tyson, Kennett, Pelton, Coin in*, and Eustis. Committee on Revolutionary Claim*.?Messrs. Ritchie, Murray, Smith of Virginia, English, Fuller of Maine, Allen, Clawsou, Cragin, and Emerie. Committee on Public Expenditures.?Mrssrs. Dean, Covode, Kelly, Motl, Pearce, Vail, Elliott, Wt?ldron, and Branch. Committee on the Public Land*.?Messra. Ben nett of New York, Harlin, Cobb of Alabama, Lindley, Culleu, Walbridge, Brenton, Maxwell, and Thorington. Committee on he Post Office and Post Roadi.? Messrs. Mace, Norton, Flagler. Barclay, Day, Powell, Walker, Wood, and Herbert. Committee for the District of Columbia.? Messrs. Meacham, Dodd, Goode. Cumback, Dick, Harris, Bennett of Mississippi, Tral'ton, and Bell. Committee on the Judiciary?Messra. Simmons; Humphrey Marshall Barbour, Caskie, Galloway, Harris of Alabama. Lake, Wakeman, and Tappan. Committee on Private Land Claim*?Messrs. Porter, Horton of Ohio, Thorington, Ethridge, Bowie, Sandidge, Herbert, Robiaon, and Horton, ofNew York. Committee on Manufactures.? Messrs. Clark, Knight, Crawford. Bliss, Durfoe, Edwarda, Dow dell, Campbell of Kentucky, Kicaud. Committee on Agriculture.?Messrs. Holloway, Ready, Grow, Bell, Campbell of Ohio, Morgan, Sabin, Culleu and McMullen. Committee on Indian Affairs?Messrs. Pringle, Orr, Billiiighurst, Greenwood, Leiler, Hall of Massachusetts, Todd, Caruthers, Herbert. Committte on Military Affairs.? Messrs. Quit man, Allison, Supp, Faulkner, Williams, Stanton, Denver. Butfington, Wasliburue of Wisconsin. Committee on Militia.? Kunkel, Whitney, Har rison, Hoil'man, Foster. Parker, Walking, Wright of Mississippi, Hall of Massachusetts. Committee on Nwal Affairs?Messrs. Benson, Slranahan, Bocock, Haveu, Winslow, Seward, Davis of Massachusetts, Boyce, and Millward. Committee on Foreign Affair*.? Messrs. Pen nington, Ba\ly. Clingman, Aiken, Fuller of Penn sylvania, Matteson, Sherman, Burlingame, and Thurston. Committee on Territories.?Messis. Grow, Gid dings, Purviance, Richardson, Houston, Granger, ZollicotTer, Morrill, and Perry. Committee on Revolutionary Pensions?Messrs. Broom, Albright, Edmundson, Millerof New York, Miller ol Indiana, Craige, Knapp, Woodrufl", and Hall of Iowa. Committee on Invalid Pensions.?Messrs. Oliver of New York, Pike, Florence, Savage, Welch, Talbot, Dickson. Lumpkin, and Ro-ibins. Committee on Roads and Canal* ?Messrs. Knox, Hughston, Rutfin, Scott, Peck, Moore, Barksdale, Bradshaw, and Rust. Committee on Patents.?Messrs. Morgan, Cbnf fee, Smith of Tennessee. Paine, and Edie. Committee on Public Building* and Grounds.? Messrs. Ball, Todd, Puryear, Keitt, and Roberts. Committee on Revisal and Unfinished Business ? Messrs. Sabin, Knowlton, Warner, Clark ofNew York, and Shorter. Committee on Accounts.? Messrs. Thurston, Cadwallader, Nichols, Butfington, and Carlilc. Committee on Mileage.?Messrs. Siieed, Brooks, Kelsey. Evans, and Woodworth. Joint Committee on the Library.? Messrs. Aiken, Tyson, and Pettit. Committee on Enrolled Bills.?Messrs. Pike, ami Davidson. ? Committee oil Expenditure* of the State De partment?Messrs. Brooks, Smith of Tennessee, Packer. King, and Damrell. C'en- mittee on Exjnnditure* of the Navy De partment.?Messrs. Harris of Illinois, Wheeler, Washburn of Wisconsin, Underwood, and Wright, of Tennessee. Committee on Expenditure* of the Pott Office Department.? Messrs. Pettit, Cox, Williams, and Burnett, lieade. Commitiee on Expenditure* of Public Build ings.?Messrs. McMullen, McCarty, Stewart, Swope, and Trippe. Committee on Expenditures of the Treasury De partment.?Messrs. Waldron, Wells, A. K Mar shall,'Kul well, and Clawson. Committee on Expenditure* of the War Depart? ment ?Messrs. Cragin, Valk, Jewett, Rivers, and Covode. Committee on Engraving.,?Messrs. Kelsey, ^Damrell, and Wright, of Tennessee. Commitiee on Printing ? Messrs. Nichols, Cragin. and Flagler. The House adjourned. Supreme Court of tlie United States. Tuesday', February 12, 185G, Samuel H. Hempstead, esq., of Arkansas, and P. Van Trump, esq., of Ohio, were ad mitted attorneys and counselloes of ibis Court. The Chief Justice announced to the Bar (in pursuance to the 47th rule) that the Court would not hear armament* after Friday, the 29th instant; that it would then adjourn to Tuesduy, the first day of April, and then con tinue its session during the months of April and May, unless some circumstance should make an earlier adjournment proper. No. 60. John F. McKenney t'*. Manuel Saviego and ux. 1h error to the District Court United States for the district of Texas. Mr. Justice Campbell delivered the opinion of the Court, reversing the judgment of the said Dis trict Court, with costs, and remanding the cause with directions to award u venire J'acias de novo. No. 48. The steamboat New York, Ac., Thos. C. Durant, et al., claimants and appel lants, vs. Isaac P. Ilea, owner of the brig Sarah Johanna. Appeal from the Circuit Court United States for the Southern District of New York. Mr. Justice Nelson delivered the opinion of the Court, aflirming the decree of the said Circuit Court in this cause, with costs And interest. No. 2G. Richard R. Sessions et al. vs. John M. Pintard. Appeal from the Circuit Court United States for the F<astern District of Arkansas. Mr. Justice McLean delivered the opinion of th* Court, affirming the decree of the said Circuit Court iu this cause, with costs. No. 61. Drea Scott, plaintiff in error, rs. John F. A. Sandford. The argument of this cause was continued by Hon. Henry S. Geycr for the defendant in error. Adjourned until to-morrow, 11 o'clock. Fkrruarv, 13, 1856. Abraham Fowler, esq., of Arkansas, was ad mitted an attorney and counsellor of this Conrt. No. 61. Fred. Scott, plaintiff in error, en" John F. A. Hanford. The 'argument of this cause was continued by Hon. Reverdy Johnson, for the defendant in error, and by Hon. M. Blair for the plaintiffin error. Adjourned until to morrow, 11 o'clock. *?* IIos. Rohert Toombs, of Ga., declining to receive any compensation I or his lecture on slavery, the committee, at his request, that the amount should be given to a society for aiding emigrants, have paid over the sum of one hun dred^ dollars to the German Emigrant Aid So ciety of this city.?Boston Transcript. Judge Bogert, one of the Police Justices of New York city, has been convicted of wilfully and knowingly liberating a notorious pick pocket upon straw bail. M. de Trobriand, in the Courrier ties Vtats-Unis, speaks of a lady, now in Paris, who wears upon one dress fourteen hundred metres (a metre is over a yard and a quarter) of fringe trimming. Fourteen hundred metres!?a full mile, that is to say, the dimensions of a race course! If it were not for something to attach the fringe to, the robe itself might be omitted without inconvenience. He says also that a young lady in this city has adorned a single dress with seven hundred and fifty yards ot ribbon I Father Mathew.?The once wellknytj Father Mathew, of temperance notoriet/, now one of the missionaries of the Chorth Rome in the Feeje Islands.