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Washington sentinel. (City of Washington [D.C.]) 1853-1856, February 14, 1856, Image 2

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EDITED BY
BEVERLEY TUCIEK AND CH MAURICE
SMITH
THUKSOAY MoHM.M;, KLH. 14, 18S(i.
CONUEUi?>
In ihe Senate, yesterday, among other busi
ness, there wa? a discusHioii on the resolution
calling upon the Secretary of the Navy for a
copy of the record of the late Naval Board.
The llouee of Representatives elected Cor
nelius Wendell, Printer to that body. The
Standing Committees were announced. A list
of them appears in the report of the Congress
ional proceedings.
ELKCTIOM OF PKINTKlt TO TIIK
HOl'KK.
We have the pleasure of announcing, to-day,
the complete organization of the House, by the
election, yesterday, by ten majority, oi Corne
lius Wendell, esq., as Printer to the House of
Representatives. It will be remembered by
our readers, that Mr. W endell was the nominee
of the Democratic party, aud we cordially con
gratulate him and that party on the astonish
ing success they have achieved. Mr. W endell
is eminent as a practical printer, and, we doubt
not, will discharge the duties of the responsible
position to which he has been elected, with
marked ability aud to the entire sntisfactiou ot
Congress.
CKKTRAL AMERICA?THH MOKROK
DOCTKINU ?(aKNERAL WALKUK
AND OIK POLICY.
The Central American question has for oome
lime past occupied the attention of the Senate.
Several of our ablest and most experienced
statesmen have spoken on it, and Senators of
all complexions of politics have thus far mani
fested a remarkable concurrence of opinion.
The doctrine known as the "Monroe doctrine,"
and which as is known to our readers, declares
against all foreign interference with affairs on
this contiueut, has been treated of historically
and logically. It seems, too, U) command the
hearty approval of politicians of every hue and
complexion.
If this doctrine were not the settled policy of
our country; if Mr. Monroe had never enun
ciated it, we would be in favorof making it the
the American law for the world, and we would
suffer no foreign nation uuder any plea or
pretext to plant colonies iuour midst, or assert
domiuion over contiguous countries. Treaties
already existing we would construe most
rigidly. Whilst we would act honorably, we
would concede nothing under a treaty that
was not plainly given. Particularly would we
do so toward England. Bat there is another
aspect of this subject on which we propose to
remark briefly.
The rapid and remarkable successes of Gen.
Walker iu Central America, the favor with
which he has been received by the inhabitants,
the military skill, political sagacity, and love
of republican liberty, which he has manifested,
all concur to inspire the hope that he will, if
countenanced, and properly encouraged be en
abled to re-unite and re-consolidate the now
separated States of Central America. That is
?aid to be, and seems to be bis object. Should
he succeed in accomplishing this great object,
and in founding a Federative Republic, he will
entitle himself to the thanks of mankind. We
are not now speaking of Colonel Walker, the
Filibuster, but of General Walker, the military
head of Nicaragua. Called in to aid a revolu
tionary movement, his sword and his political
talents have raised him from au adventurer, a
Fillibuater, to a regular commander. He has
subverted a bad Government, and established
a better Government. That Government has
a regularly chosen President, and W alker is
the chosen commander of its forces. W hether,
if he succeeds in reuniting the separated States
into a compact republic, they will remain
apart or ultimately become incorporated with us,
is a question that already invites the attention
of statesmen. For ourselves we incline to the
opinion that if abolitionism does not dissolve
this Union, we will, in the process of time,
gather under our matured wings all the States
on this continent. However, be that as it
may?this thing is certain, that if the States
of Central America be formed into a Federal
onion resembling oors. it will speedily obtain
large and valuable accessions from our own
Anglo-Saxon population. In a generation or
two it will possess a population as brave, as
intelligent, and as conservative as our own.
Should it then think fit to become incorporated
with us, it would no doubt be received as a
valuable adjunct. Should it, on the contrary,
maintain its separate nationality, it would be
pleasant to know that we had a respectable
and prosperous republic so near to our doors.
We have ben somewhat solicitous in regard
to the new Republic which General Walker
is endeavoring to establish, and of which he
has already laid the foundation. W'e consider
General Walker as a valuable auxiliary in the
business of carrying out and enforcing the
Monroe doctrine, and in preventing any foreign
interference with the affairs of this continent.
We confess that we have looked forward with
mnch anxiety to the recognition of the govern
ment he has established, by our own govern
ment. It is not of course for us to decide upon
the propriety of receiving this or that man as
minister from the new government. There
may be private reasons for not receiving one,
that would not apply to another. Indeed, our
President and his Cabinet may have reasons
which seem to them satisfactory, for not recog
nizing the new government at all. But with
oat pretending to know all that they do, and
mast know, we incline to favor the recognition
of the new government and the reception of a
minister from it. It is vain to say that it is
not an established government It is. It was
built up by a spontaneous popular revolution,
aided by invited soldiers from abroad, and is not
the result of a filibustering enterprise.
It does not become us, scornfully to say, and
especially to Republics, and Republics too, just
at oar doors?"wait until you get older."
When established, it is our policy, and their
dae, to recognize them and receive their minis
ters or other international functionaries.
Bach a scornful rejection wonld be an ill requital
for the kindness we received in our troubles
and in our unpromising infancy. If the gov
ernment asking recognition, be a government
de facto?not of a moment, hut of a reasona
Ue duration, it in our bouuden duty to recog
nize it. Such a government is that of which
we speak.
But there is another aspect of this subject.
Shall we, particularly in these trying times
when England menaces us with war because of
our assertion of, and adherence to the Munroe
doctrine, forsake, give up and abandon the only
efficient agent in Central America on which
we can rely for help 'I Shall we suffer the new
Republic to be destroyed by Englaud, and
Walker to be shot or imprisoned as a base pre
tender? We do not here speak of Walker as
an individual, but as the exponent of a great
American policy. We can now make bim a
valuable auxiliary and should not treat him as
an enemy.
PKKglOKNT'S PROCLAMATION?KAN
SAS TROUBLE*.
\\ e publish this morning a proclamation by
the 1 resident of the United States in relation
to lawless disturbances, which are seriously ap
prehended in Kansas.
W ben the history of this Kansas agitation
comes to be fuirly written, an amount of cun
ning, deception, fraud, and trickery, on the
part ol the anti-slavery party will appear, that
will astonish the country. In making this de
claration, we do not mean altogether to exempt
from censure the pro-slavery settlers in that
Territory and their sympathizers residing with
out its limits. Removing into that Territory
under the Constitution of the United States,
and trusting to the protective efficacy of the
carefully prepared bill under which it was or
ganized, they have, in some instances, carried
with them their slave property, and in many
more instances purchased lands and built
houses with the ultimate purpose of removing
their slaves.
They have been met on the threshold by
hirelings and emissaries of the New England
Emigrant Aid Society, whose appointed mis
sion it was to exclude slavery from Kansas by
every expedient of cunning, every resource of
fraud, and every form of outrage. That pro'
slavery men should, under such circumstances,
have sometimes been betrnyed into acts of in
discretion, is not at all to be wondered at. The
wonder, indeed, is, that they should have pur
sued so moderate a course. They have had to
struggle not only against the freesoil bands in
the Territory, but against nearly the whole of
New kngland, led on by political fanatics and
hypocritical parsons. The intense zeal and
the fierce determination of these men may be
judged ot from the Kansas sermons which have
been preached by their canting parsons. One
of these sons of thunder, the Rev. Ilenry Ward
Beecher, pastor of the Plymouth Church,
Brooklyn, is thus reported by the New York
Keening Post, itself a freesoil paper :
" He believed that the Sharp rifle was a truly
moral agency, and that there was more moral
power in one of those instruments, so far as the
slaveholders of Kansas were concerned, than
in a hundred Bibles. You might just as well,
said he, read the Bible to Buffaloes as to those
fellows who follow Atchison and Stringfellow ;
but they have a supreme respect for the logic
that is embodied in Sharp's rifles. The Bible
is addressed to the conscience, but when
you address it to them, it has no effect?there
is no conscience there. 1 hough he was a peace
man, he had the greatest regard for Sharp's
rifles, and for that pluck that induced those
New England men to use them."
We have no comments to make on such
blasphemy. It is sufficiently shocking of it
self.
The rumor has for some time prevailed that
large sums have been invested, by subscription,
in Sharpe's rifles, wherewith to arm the anti
slavery men in the new Territory, and we see,
in late newspapers, evidences that a systematic
and earnest effort is being made by the sham
authorities to procure help from all the non
slaveholding States. They have addressed
communications to the governors and legisla
tures of these States. One of these commu
nications, addressed to the governor of Ohio,
was recently transmitted by him to the legisla
ture of that State, and which led to the presen
tation of highly inflammatory abolition resolu
tions. One of these resolutions reads as fol
fows:
'? Ilejolved, That our Representatives be re
quested to vote for the immediate admission of
A. H. Ileeder to a seat in the House of Repre
sentatives in Congress, as a delegate from
Kansas, until such admission of Kansas as a
State."
Without any opportunity to examine into
the facts of the case, the mover of the above
resolution gravely requests the Ohio members
of Congress to vote for the immediate admis
sion of Governor Reeder. Whether entitled
or not to his seat, he is to have it; and whether
informed or ignorant of the facts, the Ohio
members are requested to give it to him. This
is legislation with a vengeance.
One feature, however, in the proceedings of
the Ohio Legislature pleased us. It was the
brief speech of Mr. Sawyer, made after the
reading of Governor Chase's communication.
It is as follows :
"Mr. Sawyer rote to express his astonish
ment and regTet that the Governor of Ohio
should, to the neglect of other great and all
important questions concerning the domestic
interests of oorown State, thrust into our faces
?uch inflammatory abolition doctrine* and re
commendations as are contained in his mes
sage. He claimed that the Governor was, by
this very act, interfering with the rights of the
people of Kansas, who ought to be able, and
were able, to manage their own business, and
encouraging the very stata of things which he
pretend* to deplore. He had heard the,Gov
ernor, in a public speech, on another occasion,
recommend the use of 8harp's rifles to prevent
slavery in Kansas, and offered to give fifty dol
larstoaid abolitionists to go to Kansas and
shoot down the slaveholding citizens; and
now, m Governor of Ohio, be is inciting the
very difficulties which we all so much depre
ate. W hy, sir, where was bis voice when our
own citizens were shot down in the streets of
our own cities by a mob, and in a neighboring
" Not a word was heard from him then. He
belonged to a party which respected the white
citizen more than the negro, but the Governor
would embroil the countr? in a civil war in
order to befriend the negro ! He regretted the
introduction of this subject into this body, to
distract onr attention from onr own important
business."
The Abolitionists are taking much pains to
circulate the rumor that Kansas is soon to be
invaded by bands of armed men from the
Southern States. We do not believe a word of
it This is hut a pretext by which they seek
to justify their active preparations for war.
They have already pot themselves without the
pale of law. They refuse to recogniia the
Government and the authorities existing in
Kansas. They have, without any show of j
right, sought to establish and to put into ope
ration their owo government, and to set up
and itistal in power their own officers, elected
under no law but mob law. All resistance
made by these men to the regular, established,
and legal government, and officers of Kansas,
is rebellion, and they merit the treatment of
rebels. If it shall be found nccessary to get
the aid of u border ruffians" to quell them,
then we hope that their aid will be procured.
N'KW BOOKS.
"Modern Pilgrims: showing the improve
ments in travel und the newest methods of I
reaching the Celestial City. 'These things I
write concerning them that seduce you.'?St.
John. By George Wood, author of 4 Peter
Schlemihl in America.' 2 vols. Boston : Phil
lips, Sampson ?fc Co.''
We have looked over these volumes with
much interest, not only from the fact that Mr.
Wood is our fellow townsman, but on account
of the very different opinions which had been
expressed concerning it by the press. We have
risen from the perusal with a decided impres
sion of Mr. Wood's successful execution of
what we think, the only practical mode of
touching many of th?; errors which have crept
into the fashionable, and through the fashiona
ble, into the religious society of the day. But
we do not suppose that Mr. Wood, himself, for
a moment expected that the book he was writing
would fail to provoke bitter criticism. On the
contrary, we take it to be ' the best test of the
pungency of the work, that it has awakened
on the part of those whose absurdities, or idio
syncrasies or immoralities it exposes, so sharp
a hostility as is displayed in such articles as
one which appeared in the Tribune on the 28th
of November last, and another in the Intelli
gencer of the 29th of December.
To anticipate acceptance from a journal de
voted to Fourrierism of a book like Mr. Wood'e,
would be to condemn it by anticipation as not
accomplishing the purpose for which alone,
such a work should be attempted. To expect
no opposition from extremists in religious sec
tarianism in a direct onset upon its own darl
ing peculiarities, would be to say, that the
effort was not worthy of opposition. From a
Fourrieite, therefore, we should have foretold
just such a criticism as has appeared in the
Tribune.
As to the arricle in the Intelligencer, it is
written with ability, but from its face, it must
either have proceeded from the pen of a High
Churchman or an ultra Unitarian.
We should have supposed the writer to have
been the former, but for the passage in which
he complains of Mr. Wood's injustice in putting
into the mouth of Dr. Upatree, doctines quoted
from Newman, Froude, and Pusey, in the tracts.
No real High Churchman of the present day
could possibly have fallen into the error of dis
claiming the doctrines contained in the tracts,
whatever he might say of the men who wrote
them. Indeed, every Episcopalian knows that
the very rock upon which the high and the low
parties in his church have divided in recent
times, has been tractariatii.im. We are, there
fore, rather inclined to suppose the writer an
L nitarian, and if bo, are not at all surprised at
the earnestness with which he endeavours to
prove that Mr. Wood's book accomplishes
nothing. But we cannot agree with the writer,
last mentioned, who says:
''The method of treating the various reforma
tory movements of the day?the phalanstery,
the woman's rights convention, the conversa
tions of free inquirers?present more fully a
fact, which has grown on us with every page of
this book, that the forte of the author of'Mod
ern Pilgrims' is not in philosophical estimates.
A man who believes that in this age a great
epidemic sympathy can concentrate its energies
on a great popular movement, and gather
around it appliances of money, time, enthusiasm,
without its having any root in the nature of
things, is not a thinker."
Now, we do not understand Mr. Wood to in
sinuate that these " epidemic sympathies" do
not have any " root in the nature of things,"
but only as asserting that they do not spring
from a healthy root. Not that spirit
ualism, Mormonism, 4c., have no roots in hu
man nature, but that they are rooted in envy,
lust, ambition, mental and physical idiosync
racies, which are not the wholesome roots
from which spring such institutions as conduce
to real reform. When women unsex them*
?elves and assume a character which Ood never
gave them, when they can to far overcome that
instinctive modesty which shrinks from the
public stare, and can walk the streeU in male
attire without even a blush on the cheek at the
gaze and grinnings of the crowd, arguments
are in vain, and it is only by holding up their
likeness to the scorn of the world that any im
pression can be made on them. We think
that the world at large can never be brought
to see these vagaries of cranky intellect*, until
they are exhibited in such colors as Mr. Wood
has applied in his book. So, with respect to
those blots upon the good taste and instinctive
propriety even of this age of innovation, womens'
right's conventions, in which the natural and
graceful occupations of the female sex are cast
aside, and affairs of men assumed as their
proper province. Reasoning is thrown away
on snch persona. Modesty is appealed to in
vain. Physical necessities are laughed at, and
were it not that Ood himself has placed some
natural obstacles in the way of an entire turn
ing upside down of all the customs of society,
we should not know where it would end.
There are some few physical peculiarities of
both sexes, and some few functions which can
not be interchanged. We have among us living
advocates of all the delusions of socialism,
spiritualism, Wakemanism, Mormonism, and
other kindred absurdities, which are uprooting
the very first and best principles of civil, so
cial, and domestic life, which are to be dealt
with, not so much by reason as by ridicule.
Again: we cannot help feeling the force and
truthfulness of the picture Mr. Wood has
drawn of the influence which a spurious imi
tation of German philosophy has had upon the
thought, language, and especially the religious
belief of a certain portion of oor country, and
which are beginning to be felt in what is now
familiary called American infidelity. No man
who has threaded the pages of the greater
Oerman philosophers, can have failed to be
struck with how little justice Kant, Fichte,
and Shelling have been saddled by their so
called disciples in their own land, and espe
cially in this, with doctrines which they never
taught and with consequences which never
flowed legitimately from their principles.
As to the peculiar obliquities of different
religious sects, we shall say but little. We all '
think we can see the faithfulness of the por
trait for every sect but our own. Not that it
is true of all individuals of all sects, but that
it is a strongly marked and possibly a little ex
aggerated likeness of some bigot of some sect
whose part in life seums to have been to cari
cature religion by smothering its principle in
constantly parading its appearance. We have
to thank Mr. Wood for a book which has not
only entertained us, but by which we hope our
selves aud others have beeu benefitted, a book
into which he has transfused the Horalian
mixture, " Utile cum dulci." Parts of it are
powerfully written, and the scene in which the
Pilgrims at last pass through the Jordan is
highly affecting.
The form in which the book has appeared is
such as suited its author, and of which no one
else has a right to complain. It has always
been the habit of those aiming to expose the
peculiar weaknesses, vices, and eccentricities
of any age, to do eo by personifying them with
a greater or less degree of exaggeration, by
which course they have reached a larger num
ber of readers, and consequently enlarged the
sphere of that influence they were designed to
exert. The genius of Fielding and Smollet
seized upon the prominent though generally
concealed vices of their times, and held them
up to ridicule and contempt; Le Sage, in
somewhat exaggerated colors ; Cervantes, in a
mofce extravagant manner still, exposed the
follies of their day; so that Quixotism, by the
incomparable extravaganza of the latter has
become the appellative of every distorted and
overwrought fancy of succeeding times. Mr.
Wood has exposed many of the monstrosities
of our country and times with an unsparing
hand, and however much the temper displayed
by those whose withers are not unwrung, may
be evidence of the faithfulness of the picture,
its influence will be felt more after the first im
pulse of curiosity is over. We cannot refrain
from saying that Mr. Wood may well be proud
of the contributions he has made to the per
manent literature of his country, and even
should he not again resume the pen, can afford
to rest his title to the consideration of his fel
low-citizens and of posterity on two such off
springs of his brain as Peter Schlemil in Ame
rica and the Modern Pilgrims. L.
By the President of the United States of
America.
A PROCLAMATION.
Whereas indicatious exist that public tran
quility and the supremacy of law in the Terri
tory of Kansas are endangered by the repre
hensible acts or purposes of persons, both
within and without the same, who propose to
direct and control its political organization by
force. It appearing that combinations have
been formed therein to resist the execution of
the territorial laws, and thus, in effect, subvert
by violence all present constitutional and legal
authority : It also appearing that persons re
siding without the Territory, but near its bor
ders, contemplate armed intervention itr the
affairs thereof: It also appearing that other
persons, inhabitants of remote States, are col
lecting money, engaging men, and providing
arms for the same purpose. And it furthe'r
appearing that combinations within the Terri
tory are endeavoriug, by the agency of emii
saries and otherwise,to induce individual Slates
of the Union to intervene in the affairs thereof,
in violation of the Constitution of-the United
States:
And whereas all such plans for the determi
nation of the future institutions of the Territory,
if carried into action from within the same,'
will constitute the fact of insurrection, and, if
from without, that of invasive aggression, and
will, in either case, justify and require the for
cible interposition of the whole power of the
General Government, as well to maintain the
laws of the Territory as those of the Union :
Now, therefore, I, Branklin Pierce, Presi
dent of the United States, do issue this my
proclamation to command all persons engaged
m unlawful combinations against the con
stituted authority of the Territory of Kansas
or of the United States to disperse and retire
peaceably to their respective abodes, and to
warn all such persons that any attempted in
surrection id said Territory or aggressive in
trusion into the same will be resisted not onlv
bv the employment of the local militia, but
also by that of any available forces of the
L nited States ; to the end of assuring immunity
from violence and full protection to the persons,
property, and civil rights of all peaceful and
law abiding inhabitants of the Territory.
. 'n anJ part of the Lnion, the fury of fac
tion or fanaticism, inflamed into disregard of
the great principles of popular sovereignty
which, under the constitution, are fundamental
in the whole structure of our institutions, is to
bring on the country the dire calamity of an
arbitrament of arms in that Territory, it shall
be between lawless violeuce on the one side
and conservative force on the other, wielded by
legal authority of the general government.
I call on the citizens, both of adjoining and
of distant States, to abstain from unauthorized
intermeddling in the local concerns of the
Territory, admonishing them that its organic
law is to be executed with impartial justice -
that all individual acts of illegal interference
will incur condign punishment; and that any
endeavor to intervene by organized force will
be firmly withstood.
I invoke all good citizens to promote order
by rendering obedience to the law; to seek
remedy for temporary evils by peaceful means;
to discountenance and repulse the counsels and
the instigations of agitators and of disorganizes;
and to testify their attachment to their country^
their pride in its greatness, their appreciation
of the blessings they enjoy, and their determi
nation that republican institutions shall not
fail in their hands, by co-operating to uphold
the majesty of the laws and to vindicate the
sanctity of the constitution.
In testimony whereof. I have hereunto set
my hand, and caused the seal of the United
States to be affixed to these presents.
Done ai the citj of Washington, the eleventh
day of February, in the year of our
[skal.I Ij0rd OD' thousand eight hundred and
fifty-six, and of the independence of the
United States the eightieth.
FRANKLIN PIERCE.
By the President,
W. L. Makct, Secretary of State.
Appointments by tk* Pnildrnt.
Ry and with the advice and content of tk* Senate.
George P. Searburgh, of Virginia, to be ,
?fudge of the Court of Claims, in place of I
Joseph H. Lumpkin, declined.
A. G. Seaman, of the District of Columbia,
I to be Superintendent of the Public Printing.
I %? Du ring the last half of 1865 no less than
four ministers and priests, four lawyers, eirht
doctors, and two hundred and eighty-two
women, were arrested in Chicago, III.
%* The San Antonio Herald has an onion
raised at EI Paso, Texas, weighing two pounds !
and eleven ounces.
*#*The Chicago limes, of the 28th nit., says:
Mr. Price, of the firm of Price A Fisher, of
this city, arrived to-day from Green Bay, in a
novel turn out. lie drove the entire distance
in a light sleigh drawn by a single dog, aver
aging thirty miles a d?y.
Congressional.
TUlKTY-rOUKTH CONGKEMti.
FIRST SESSION.
8enate?Tuesday, February 12, lb5tt.
1 he PRESIDENT of the Senate laid before
ihe body a letter froiu the Second Auditor of the
] reasury, communicating copies of accouuta of
persona charged with the disbursement of moneys,
goods, or effects for the benefit of the Indiana
during the fiscal year ending the 30ib of June,
ls>55.
Also, a letter from the Commissioner of Patents,
communicating hia annual report for the year
ISM.
V arioiis memoriala and petitions were presented
and appropriately referred.
Mr. JiA S A III), from the Committee on the Ju
diciary, reported a bill amendatory of the act en
titled " Au act to regulate Ihe leett and costs to he
allowed clerks, marshals, and attorneya of the
Circuit and District Courta of the United Slates,
and for other purposes."
Mr. Bayahd explained the object of the bill,
which was to place jurora of this District on the
hHine looting with others of the United States
Courts. The prices of living here were quite as
great as elsewhere, and the passage of the bill
would be but a simple act of justice.
Ihe bill was considered and passed.
Mr. WELLhR, Iroin the Committee on Military
Afijirs, asked to be discharged from the further
consideration of the memorial of Leslie Combs,
and that it be referred to the Committee on Public
Lands; which was agreed to.
Also, from the same committee, reported a bill
for the relief of Jacob Dodsou.
RESOLUTIONS.
Mr. HALE submitted the following resolution,
and, as it was one of inquiry merely, he would ask
its immediate consideration :
Resolved, That the Committee on the Judiciary be
instructed to inquire and report whether the pro
visions of au act to promote the efficiency of the
navy, approved 2?th February, 1855, are in accor
dance with the provisions of the Constitution of
the United States ; and whether the proceedings
under said acr, by which large numbers of officers
of the navy huve been iuvoluntarily placed on the
reserved list and on furlough and others dismissed
from the service, are agreeably to or warranted by
the provisions of said Constitution.
The consideration was objected to, and it lies
over under the rule.
BILLS INTRODUCED.
By Mr. HALE : A bill to repeal an act entitled
"An act to promote the efficiency of the navy "
By Mr. FISH : A bill for the reliefofthe widows
and orphans of the officers, seaman, and marines
of the United States ship of war Albany, and for
other purposes.
Also, a bill to require the employment of appren
tices in the commercial marine of the United
States. '
By Mr. BROWN : A hill to incorporate the Co
lumbian Wood Gas Company.
By Mr. FOOT : A bill making compensation to
George P. Mar-h for extraordinary tervices and
expenses on a special mission to the Greek Gov
ernment and for negotiating a treaty between the
Government of the United States and Persia.
By Mr. ADAMS: A bill to provide for the satis
faction of Choctaw reservations under the 19tb
article of th.- treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek of
September, 18.1ft.
Mr. WELLER introduced a joint resolution
authorizing and directing the Secretary of War to
lurnish in certain cases verified copies of original
papers filed before the Board for the Examination
of claims contracted iu California under Lieuten
ant Colonel Fremont.
NOTICE OF A BILL.
Mr. Yl LEE gave notice of his intention to in
troduce a bill to establish a port of entry at F>*r
nandina and at Tampa, in Florida.
ELECTICN OF OFFICER8.
Mr. BIGGS moved to take up for consideration
the following resolutions :
Itrsolvd, That the Senate will on Monday next,
at one o'clock, elect a Secretary of the Senate,
Sergeant at-Arms and Assistant Doorkeeper
Hetolvtd, That the following shall be one of the
standing rules of the Senate, to wit: 52. The Sec
retary of the Senate, and Sergeant at Arms, and
Assistant Doorkeeper, shall be chosen on the
second Monday of the first session of every Con
gress
After debate, the question was taken on the
indefinite postponement,and decided in the affirm
ative?yeas 83, nays 11.
CENTRAL AMERICA.
The Senate then proceeded to the consideration
of the special order, being a reference to the Com
mittee on Foreign Relations of the letter commu
nicating the opinion of Lord John Russell as to
the construction of the Clayton and Bulwer
treaty.
Mr. WILSON addressed the Senate at conside
rable length. He was for declaring the Clayton
and Bulwer treaty void, and leaving matters as
they stood prior to its adoption, as we might then
lake a fair start, and we should be likely lo colo
nize quite as fast a* England. He thought Ihe
treaty ought never to have been made, and that
our Government was^bverrea. hed in the affair.
Mr. MASON deprecated discussion on the sub
ject as p.emature and rather calculated to em
barrass than to relieve the matter, and hoped the
reference would be made without further delay.
Mr. BUTLER did not agree with Senators who
anticipated war from the present condition of
affairs in Central America. He thought the dis
cussion inopportune, and repudiated the idea that
two su- h nations an Great Britain and the United
Stales should feel it necessary to go to war about
matters of as small moment as the Rualan Isl
ands. These two countries had the most import
ant mission of all others, the civilization of the
world by their example. He had no doubt the
day was not far distant when the sword would be
considered a vulgar arbiter in the settlement of
the affairs of men and nationa. Mr. B. referred
?o the warlike posijion cf the honorable Senators
from Delaware, New York, and Vermont, and
that of the venerable Senator from Michigan,
whose absence forbade a reply to aome allusions
made in speech. He thought the subject ought
to be referred, and not discussed in its pf-esent
shape
Mr. FOOT said that Mr. Clayto* desired to
wind up the debate; but, as that Senator was not
present, (being indisposed at thia time,) he would
move that the further conaideration of the subject
be posponed until Monday next; which motion
was agreed to.
And the Senate adjourned.
?louae of Reprenetitatlvea.
Mr. PENNINGTON presented a joint resolu
tion of the Legialature of the State of New Jersey,
deprecating the action of the late Naval Board in
deposing Commodore Charles Stewart "from bis
well-earned position of senior post captain of the
United States Navy," and placing him upon the
retired list, and requested their Senators and Rep
resentativea to obtain from Congress such legisla
tion aa may be necessary and proper to review
the action of said Board and Ihe approval thereof
by the President and lo restore Com. Stewart to
his position in the navy. 1
The resolution was laid on the table and ordered
lo be printed.
The House then resumed the business of vo
ting for printer, when the seventh vote was had,
and resulted as follows:
Mr. Wendell, of New York AO
Follett, of Ohio.
Farnham, ot Washington 9
Sargent, of Pennsylvania t|
Defrees, of Indiana 0
Scattering g
Whole number of vote* 164
Necessary to a choice b3
No person having received a majority of the
whole number of vote* given, the eighth vole was
had. and resulted aa follows:
Mr. Wendell
Follett 63
Farnham (0
Defrees 7
Sargent Q
Banks 5
Scattering..... 7
103
Thrre having l?een no election, the ninth vote
was had, and resulted as follows:
Mr. Wendell
Follett M
Farnham.. ||
Sargent
Defrees 12
Banka
Scattering
162
So there was no election.
Mr. CARUTHERM. of Missouri, then placed in
nomination George Knapp, of the Misaouri Re
publican.
Mr. WRIGHT, of Tennessee, submitted the
following resolution:
Knolvtd, That ihe further execution of the order
for the election of public printer be postponed until
the first Monday in December next, and that until
that lime the duties of the office be performed by
the officer elected by the last House of Represeu.
latives.
Mr. DAVIDSON, of Louisiana, moved that the
House udjuuru; which motion was agreed to:
Yeas 60 pays 72.
And at halt-past two o'clock the House ad
|journed.
Senate, Wednesday, February 13, 1856.
I he PRESIDENT pro trm, laid before the
Senate a couimunicatiao Irom the Secretary of the
Navy, transmitting abstracts of contracts lor fur
nishing articles for the bureau of Yards and
Docks.
Mr. SUMNER presented Joint Resolutions of
the Legislature of Massachusetts, relative to the
fugitive slave law of 1S50, in which I but law is
declared to b?- in direct violation ol the Con^itu
lion ol the United Stales, and the Senators Irom
that Slate are directed, and lite Representatives
requested, to use all honorable means to procure
iis immediate repeal, on account of its being iu
contravention uot only of the supreme law of the
land, but the higher law of God.
Also, joint resolutions of the Legislature of
Massachusetts iu relation to the territory of Kan
sas, stilting that thut territory hus been invuded
by un armed mob from the State of Missouri, aud
call on the ('resident to take effectual measures
to protect the sovereign people against such out
rages.
Also, joint resolution*! concerning French spoli
ations. All the above were laid on the table, and
ordered to be printed.
Mr. SUMNER also presented joint resolutions
of the Legislature of Massachusetts, in relation to
the duties on foreign coal; which were referred to
the Committee on Finance.
A large number of petitions from naval officers,
complaining ol the action of the late Naval Board,
were received and referred to the Committee on
Naval Affairs.
Mr. MASON introduced a joint resolution for
the appointment of civilians to fill vacancies in
the board of regents of the Smithsonian Institu
tion. It appoints Hon. George E Badger, of North
Carolina, and Professor Cornelius C. Felton, of
Massachusetts, to fill the vacancies in the Board
occasioned by the death of Hon. J. M. Berrien, of
Oeorgia, and Hon. Rufus Choate, of Massachu
setts. The joint resolution was reud three times
by unanimous consent and pnssed.
Mr. BENJAMIN submitted a resolution that
each member of the Senate be furnished with the
tenth volume of Little & Brown's edition of the
Statutes at Large, and that the preceding volumes
be furnished to those members who have not
already received them. Agreed to.
Mr. HALE desired to call up his resolution,sub
mitted yesterday, instructing the Committee on
the Judiciary to inquire into the constitutionality
of the law "to promote the efficiency of the navy,'1
under which the Naval Board acted.
Mr. MALLORY ?uid that the memorials on this
subject had been uniformly referred to the Com
mittee on Naval Affairs,and hence that committee
had the whole subject before them; it was now
proposed to refer the same matter to another com
mittee. He thought it better to wait until that
committee should report, and. if their report was
not satisfactory, the proposed resolution could be
adopted.
Mr. BUTLER concurred in tlie desire that the
resolution should not be adopted at present.
Mr. HALL consented to let it lie over.
? Mr. SUMNER submitted a resolution, instruct
ing the Committee on the Post Office and Post
Roads to consider the expediency of providing for
the convenience aud security of transmuting
abroad small sums of money, thut orders or drafts
be issued from our post office on foreign post
offices with which it is in correspondence, so as to
constitute a system of iuternaiionul post office
orders. Agreed to.
Mr. S. also submitted a resolution directing the
Committee on Commerce to consider the expedi
ency of abolishing, by law, the exaction of twenty
ceuis from the monthly wages of seamen in the
commercial marine oftiie United Slates and bont
men on the western waters, constituting what is
called hospital money?so ihat, when sick, they
may enjoy their present hospital privileges without
[this tax. A*re. d lo.
Mr. !? I TZPAl RICK introduced a bill, in pur
suance ol notice, to provide for the examination
and payment of certain claimsol citizensof Georgia
and Alabama, on account of losses sustained by
depredations of the Creek Indians.
Mr- TliL M BU LL, in pursuance of notice, asked
and obtained leave to introduce a bill for the con
struction of a suitable building lor the accommo
dation of the circuit and district couris of the
United Males, and the several offices connected
therewith, and the post office, at Springfield, Illi
nois.
1 he Senate resumed the consideration of the
resolution submitted some time since by Mr.
Jones, of Tennessee, calling for the journal of the
naval board.
Mr. BENJAMIN resumed and concluded his
remarks iu relation to the proceedings of the
board, in which he defended them from imputa
tions which had been cast upon them. He look
the ground that where vacancies had been occa
sioned by the action of the board, Congress had
no power to fill them ; and if injustice had been
done lo any officers, the remedy must be sought
in some other way. The course which he pro
posed was, first, lo confirm >11 the nominations
which the President should make, in compliance
with the law?let the law be fairly executed, so
long as it is a law. But he would favor the estab
lishment of a board of review, who should re
consider the decisions of ihe naval board ; and he
would recommend the passage of a law authoris
ing the President of ihe United States to restore
to active service the officers who may be pro
nounced by this board of review competent and
efficient officers, if their judgment is approved by
him. Let them be put l>ack into the navy, with
the provision lhai whenever vacancies in iheir
number occur by death or resignation, these va
cancies are not to be filled. 'I he only inconve
nience that could result from a law of that kind
would be, that for a short period the country
might be put to me expense of paying a few more
Jollars per annum, by having a few more officers
in each grade than our laws now require. This
course would reconcile the claims of justice to
officers abroad, cfficers at home, and the public
service of the country; and at the same tune it
would restore health and vigor to the body ol the
navy.
Mr. MALLORY said that a proposition of this
kind had been considered by the Committee on
Naval Affairs, and had met with some favor.
Messrs. BAYARD, 11ALE, and CRITTEN
DEN replied to ihe remarks rtf Mr BBWAMR and
othera; and Mr. Mallokv defended the action of
[the naval board.
Mr. TOOMBS argued that the law had not been
properly executed, and advocated the adoption of
the resolution. He wanted to get all the infor
mation, and then th.-y could decide what ought to
be done.
Mr. BUTLER obtained the floor, when the
further consideration of the subject waa post
poned until to-morrow ; and, after an Executive
session.
The Senate adjourned.
Honae of Representatives.
Mr HARLAN nominated Hon. JOSEPH J.
[COOMBS as a candidate for public Printer.
The House then voted, with the following
I result.
Mr. Wendell . 7.1
Follett, 36
Farnham 8
Sargent 8
Delrees ja
Morris 4
Banks 2
Knapp. ...??? ? 1
' Coombs.., 9
J W. Webb 5
Mcintosh
Whole number of votes IrtO
Neces?ary lo a choice bl
Mr. STANTON asked leave to offer a resolu
tion. which was read for informal ion, proposing to
postpone the execution of ihe special order until
ihe first Monday of Decemlier next, and that the
printing which may be ordered during the present
session shall Ue executed under the superinten
dence of the Printing Committee of the House.
The House again voted with the following re
sult.
Mr. Follett. 20
Wendell 91
Farnham 3
Sargent 8
I >eireea 13
Odomba 8
Webb 7
Prentice 1
K uapp 1
Whole number of voles 100
Neceaaary to a choice 81
Mr. Wende1! having received the necessary
number ol votes was declared duly elected Printer
to the House.
On motion of Mr. WASHBURN of Maine, a
resolution was then adopted for the election of a
Chaplaia.
The following standing Committees were an
nounced :
Committee of Election*.?Mes?rs. Washburn of
Maine, Stephens, Wuison, Spinner, Oliver of
Missouri, Hickman, Colfax, Smith of Alabama,
and Bingham.
Co mm U tee o f Way* and Meant.?Messrs Cam Ji
be 11 of Ohio, Howard, Cobb of Georgia, Jones of
Tennessee, lM vis of Maryland, Sage, Phelp*,
Campbell of Pennsylvania, and De Witt.
Commute* of' Claim*.?Messrs. Gtddings, Let
cher, Bishop, Jones of Pennsylvania, Duun, Lnuwl
ton. Taylor, Gilbert, and Marshall of Illinois.
Commnt-e on Cotnmerre.?Messrs. Washburne
of Illinois, Wade, Millson, McQuwen, Tyson,
Kennett, Pelton, Coin in*, and Eustis.
Committee on Revolutionary Claim*.?Messrs.
Ritchie, Murray, Smith of Virginia, English, Fuller
of Maine, Allen, Clawsou, Cragin, and Emerie.
Committee on Public Expenditures.?Mrssrs.
Dean, Covode, Kelly, Motl, Pearce, Vail, Elliott,
Wt?ldron, and Branch.
Committee on the Public Land*.?Messra. Ben
nett of New York, Harlin, Cobb of Alabama,
Lindley, Culleu, Walbridge, Brenton, Maxwell,
and Thorington.
Committee on he Post Office and Post Roadi.?
Messrs. Mace, Norton, Flagler. Barclay, Day,
Powell, Walker, Wood, and Herbert.
Committee for the District of Columbia.? Messrs.
Meacham, Dodd, Goode. Cumback, Dick, Harris,
Bennett of Mississippi, Tral'ton, and Bell.
Committee on the Judiciary?Messra. Simmons;
Humphrey Marshall Barbour, Caskie, Galloway,
Harris of Alabama. Lake, Wakeman, and Tappan.
Committee on Private Land Claim*?Messrs.
Porter, Horton of Ohio, Thorington, Ethridge,
Bowie, Sandidge, Herbert, Robiaon, and Horton,
ofNew York.
Committee on Manufactures.? Messrs. Clark,
Knight, Crawford. Bliss, Durfoe, Edwarda, Dow
dell, Campbell of Kentucky, Kicaud.
Committee on Agriculture.?Messrs. Holloway,
Ready, Grow, Bell, Campbell of Ohio, Morgan,
Sabin, Culleu and McMullen.
Committee on Indian Affairs?Messrs. Pringle,
Orr, Billiiighurst, Greenwood, Leiler, Hall of
Massachusetts, Todd, Caruthers, Herbert.
Committte on Military Affairs.? Messrs. Quit
man, Allison, Supp, Faulkner, Williams, Stanton,
Denver. Butfington, Wasliburue of Wisconsin.
Committee on Militia.? Kunkel, Whitney, Har
rison, Hoil'man, Foster. Parker, Walking, Wright
of Mississippi, Hall of Massachusetts.
Committee on Nwal Affairs?Messrs. Benson,
Slranahan, Bocock, Haveu, Winslow, Seward,
Davis of Massachusetts, Boyce, and Millward.
Committee on Foreign Affair*.? Messrs. Pen
nington, Ba\ly. Clingman, Aiken, Fuller of Penn
sylvania, Matteson, Sherman, Burlingame, and
Thurston.
Committee on Territories.?Messis. Grow, Gid
dings, Purviance, Richardson, Houston, Granger,
ZollicotTer, Morrill, and Perry.
Committee on Revolutionary Pensions?Messrs.
Broom, Albright, Edmundson, Millerof New York,
Miller ol Indiana, Craige, Knapp, Woodrufl", and
Hall of Iowa.
Committee on Invalid Pensions.?Messrs. Oliver
of New York, Pike, Florence, Savage, Welch,
Talbot, Dickson. Lumpkin, and Ro-ibins.
Committee on Roads and Canal* ?Messrs. Knox,
Hughston, Rutfin, Scott, Peck, Moore, Barksdale,
Bradshaw, and Rust.
Committee on Patents.?Messrs. Morgan, Cbnf
fee, Smith of Tennessee. Paine, and Edie.
Committee on Public Building* and Grounds.?
Messrs. Ball, Todd, Puryear, Keitt, and Roberts.
Committee on Revisal and Unfinished Business ?
Messrs. Sabin, Knowlton, Warner, Clark ofNew
York, and Shorter.
Committee on Accounts.? Messrs. Thurston,
Cadwallader, Nichols, Butfington, and Carlilc.
Committee on Mileage.?Messrs. Siieed, Brooks,
Kelsey. Evans, and Woodworth.
Joint Committee on the Library.? Messrs. Aiken,
Tyson, and Pettit.
Committee on Enrolled Bills.?Messrs. Pike,
ami Davidson.
? Committee oil Expenditure* of the State De
partment?Messrs. Brooks, Smith of Tennessee,
Packer. King, and Damrell.
C'en- mittee on Exjnnditure* of the Navy De
partment.?Messrs. Harris of Illinois, Wheeler,
Washburn of Wisconsin, Underwood, and
Wright, of Tennessee.
Committee on Expenditure* of the Pott Office
Department.? Messrs. Pettit, Cox, Williams, and
Burnett, lieade.
Commitiee on Expenditure* of Public Build
ings.?Messrs. McMullen, McCarty, Stewart,
Swope, and Trippe.
Committee on Expenditures of the Treasury De
partment.?Messrs. Waldron, Wells, A. K Mar
shall,'Kul well, and Clawson.
Committee on Expenditure* of the War Depart?
ment ?Messrs. Cragin, Valk, Jewett, Rivers, and
Covode.
Committee on Engraving.,?Messrs. Kelsey,
^Damrell, and Wright, of Tennessee.
Commitiee on Printing ? Messrs. Nichols,
Cragin. and Flagler.
The House adjourned.
Supreme Court of tlie United States.
Tuesday', February 12, 185G,
Samuel H. Hempstead, esq., of Arkansas,
and P. Van Trump, esq., of Ohio, were ad
mitted attorneys and counselloes of ibis Court.
The Chief Justice announced to the Bar (in
pursuance to the 47th rule) that the Court
would not hear armament* after Friday, the
29th instant; that it would then adjourn to
Tuesduy, the first day of April, and then con
tinue its session during the months of April
and May, unless some circumstance should
make an earlier adjournment proper.
No. 60. John F. McKenney t'*. Manuel
Saviego and ux. 1h error to the District Court
United States for the district of Texas. Mr.
Justice Campbell delivered the opinion of the
Court, reversing the judgment of the said Dis
trict Court, with costs, and remanding the
cause with directions to award u venire J'acias
de novo.
No. 48. The steamboat New York, Ac.,
Thos. C. Durant, et al., claimants and appel
lants, vs. Isaac P. Ilea, owner of the brig Sarah
Johanna. Appeal from the Circuit Court
United States for the Southern District of New
York. Mr. Justice Nelson delivered the
opinion of the Court, aflirming the decree of
the said Circuit Court in this cause, with costs
And interest.
No. 2G. Richard R. Sessions et al. vs. John
M. Pintard. Appeal from the Circuit Court
United States for the F<astern District of
Arkansas. Mr. Justice McLean delivered the
opinion of th* Court, affirming the decree of
the said Circuit Court iu this cause, with costs.
No. 61. Drea Scott, plaintiff in error, rs.
John F. A. Sandford. The argument of this
cause was continued by Hon. Henry S. Geycr
for the defendant in error.
Adjourned until to-morrow, 11 o'clock.
Fkrruarv, 13, 1856.
Abraham Fowler, esq., of Arkansas, was ad
mitted an attorney and counsellor of this
Conrt.
No. 61. Fred. Scott, plaintiff in error, en"
John F. A. Hanford. The 'argument of this
cause was continued by Hon. Reverdy Johnson,
for the defendant in error, and by Hon. M.
Blair for the plaintiffin error.
Adjourned until to morrow, 11 o'clock.
*?* IIos. Rohert Toombs, of Ga., declining
to receive any compensation I or his lecture on
slavery, the committee, at his request, that the
amount should be given to a society for aiding
emigrants, have paid over the sum of one hun
dred^ dollars to the German Emigrant Aid So
ciety of this city.?Boston Transcript.
Judge Bogert, one of the Police Justices
of New York city, has been convicted of wilfully
and knowingly liberating a notorious pick
pocket upon straw bail.
M. de Trobriand, in the Courrier ties
Vtats-Unis, speaks of a lady, now in Paris, who
wears upon one dress fourteen hundred metres
(a metre is over a yard and a quarter) of fringe
trimming. Fourteen hundred metres!?a full
mile, that is to say, the dimensions of a race
course! If it were not for something to attach
the fringe to, the robe itself might be omitted
without inconvenience. He says also that a
young lady in this city has adorned a single
dress with seven hundred and fifty yards ot
ribbon I
Father Mathew.?The once wellknytj
Father Mathew, of temperance notoriet/,
now one of the missionaries of the Chorth
Rome in the Feeje Islands.

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