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EDITED BY BEVERLEY TUCKER AND GH MAURICE 8MITH SATURDAY NOKNING, FEB. lO, IH56. ? SENATOR TOONBS'I lecture in ? v. BOSTON. We regret that we are not able, in this d<\)'s issue of the Sentinel, to publish Senator Toombs's lecture in Boston. We received, yes terdav, but too late for publication, a corrected copy of it. We shall endeavor to present to our readers in the next issue of our paper this ablg address. KTANOINU COMMITTEES OF THE HOUSE. WfejOn Thursday, published a list of the stand ing. committees of the House, but we had not the'srmce to comment on them as we desired to db. It was. of course, to be expected that as the Black Republicans had the ascendancy in tho House and elected ilit ir Speaker, they would I have the command of the standing committees. It is the policy and the right of the controlling party in th? National Legislature to appoint men of its own views and opinions to the high places on these committees. In many in stances good men, of sound politics, of large information, and great experiunce, have been superseded, by others of unsound politics, of little information, and less experience; but, whilst we lament, we cannot condemn, the new Speaker for this action. It is the settled policy of all political parties, to give to their own men the leading positions in the commit tees. In comparing the committees, appointed by the new Speaker, with those appointed in the last Congress, we discover many sad and striking changes. We find that some of the ablest men in Congress have been put low down on the committees which they have hitherto controlled, and that others have been left out of the lists of those committees on which they have served with signal distinc tion. But .we must all bow to the fate of war, and succumb to that rather mercenary doctrine in American politics, "to the Victors belong the 8potls." Indeed, now that the election of Speaker is over, and now that the committees have been appointed, aod now that Freesoilism and Black Republicanism have obtained as cendancy in the House of Representatives, we incline to the belief, as we have heretofore in dicated, it is better that they should have the sway, having the majority, than that the De- | moeracy, a minority, should have acquired it. It is the first time that Ab litionism has been dominant in our National Legislature, and it is meet and fit that it should have fall sway. Let it work its spite. Let it do its utmost to advance its own pernicious schemes and nefa rious purposes. The real, special, and particular knowledge of the aims and ends of Abolitionism has hitherto been pretty much confined to the | States in which they live, but now, fotMhe-first time, the Abolitionists are figuring, under the j name of Black Republicanism, io the national are-iB. and everybody who reads, or looks, or listens, will fully know and completely under stand them and their purposes. It is, perhaps, fortunate for the country that it is so. If the Democrats had acquired the control of the Speakership and the committees, they, no doubt, .would have been held responsible for the actior* of Congress. Their enemies would have attempted to saddle on them the respon sibility of every sin and the blame of every enormity. Now, their skirts are clear. THE DEMOCRATIC PARTT. The great and paramount influence which the Democratic party has exercised and will continur to exert over the jlestiuieH of this na tion, renders it a matter of the first importance that its efficiency be retained unimpaired. All minor matters, all personal elitims and griev ances most be submerged in the general wel fare of this great conservative, jet progressive party. It is the great prerogative of a dominant party, based on principle, to hold its members to strict accountability, so that he who is high est shall fetl that he is not exempt, and shall know that dereliction of duty, wandering from the acknowledged pathways of Democracy, and, above all, a subserviency to expediency and a resort to equivocal positions, will surely bring down upon him rebuke. Weakness in faith and toleration of heresies by any of its standard bearers are inadmissible, and will surely be marked by the choicest spirits of the party. Thus, it happened, at the beginning of the lant Congress, that the course of the Adminis tration and its appointments and its interfer ence In State politics, by which a Buffalo plat form parly was foisted into high places in the Democratic party, without a sufficient test of a return to orthodoxy, gave umbrage to many sound Democrats, who, fearing the con sequences of this course, were unwilling to en dorse in it the Executive action ; and, in order to show that the Democratic party, as a unit, did not concur in the course pursued, they took occasion to def*at the organ of these ap pointments and of that course of policy, and to elect as printer to the Senate the Editor of a paper known to be sound in these matters and on all State-right principles. The result showed the wisdom of this course. For, at tb<* very first test, these mushroom re pentants to Democracy filed off", and bargained with the Executive for the right of treason, and still to remain in the Democratic ranks, by electing, as Printer to the House, the Editor of the Executive. The Executive clemency towards these bands of spoil-dealers was thrown away, they have continued false ever since, and, by consequence, lost for the Democracy every Northern State. The Exec utive being thus left without a single Stale at the North, found it necessary to turn to the neglected South, which had presented an a! most unbroken front, and, throwing away the ambignons standards which allured Nebraska and Anti Nebraska men, indiscriminately to range on<k>r them, to unfurl a banner which allured beneath its folds only genuine Democ racy, National Democracy, Constitutional De mocracy, and, swearing fealty to it, called a new rally, repudiating the heresies of the Barnburners, uud abandoning ilu own errorr. With llilff t^ianpe of frmi^ tTiese Democrats who had steadily diiicountenauced all these heresies, manifested u disposition t? give Executive every opportunity of Mfctorifp the unity of the party by a close adhdfence^ H* after, tothe principles laiddowu in the inaugural and in the last annual message. This courM, on the part of the Executive, in returning to the true faith, removed the cause which led to a discredit of the Executive bv the discarding of its organ in the last Congress. And as the Executive conceived that the election of its organ now, would give the sanction of the party to his new pledges of fealty, it was deemed only proper to indulge him. The Ad ministration will receive a cordial support so long as it adheres to its new pledges, none being more willing to give it than those who hitherto felt themselves compelled to differ from the Executive. This support is inde pendent of the question of election to the next Presidency, and in no wise commits any one on that subject. While the Administra tion is entitled to cordial support, while it is true to the Democracy, it is vet a question ' very far from being settled, whether the errors, the dangerous errors of the Administration, are of a nature to allow full confidence to be again reposed for a new term, in preference to the selection of one of faith unsuspected of aqtion at all times good and true. The defeat of the Editor of this paper flowed from the above causes, and from no diminution of confidence in the political integrity of the columns of this paper. On tie contrtiry, not only did those who have hitherto supported it, bare testimony to it, but the warmest sup porters of the Executive organ gave its or thodoxy their most emphatic endorsement. We trust, therefore, that although we shall not receive reward as does the organ, that, nevertheless, we shall do good veoman ser vice to the Democracy, anil by holding out before the people and its representatives at Cincinnati the cardinal principles of Democ racy, they can 'bring nil aspirants to the test of the plummet and th* level, and select him whose whole career best conforms to them. CHAPLAIN TO THE flOUKK OK ItKP KKSKNTATIVKfi. " To the Editor a. u Genti.emkn : It was with deep regret 1 read in vour issue of to-day that mv name had been presented, among many others, in con nection with the office of Chaplain to the House of Representatives. While I do not doubt that the honorable gentleman who pro posed it was actuated by the kindest motives towards me, yet, in my judgment, it will have a tendency to do me injury, as suggesting that it was done at my desire or solicitation. I beg permission to state to ray friends, through the medium of your journal, that the presenta tion of my name was entirely without my con sent, desire, or suggestion, and that I have not the slightest personal acquaintance with the gentleman who proposed it 1 am strongly convinced that the means adopted of late years by applicants for the office of Chaplain to Congress, in electioneering for votes, Ac., have brought odium and contempt upon the sacred office of a minister of Christ, and have ren dered the honor of an election a doubtful one; while they go very far Jo deprive the Chaplain of his proper moral and religious influence over the members. " Feb. 14. GEORGE D. CUMMINS." After the adjournment of the last Congress, we wrote on the subject of the chaplaincy to Con gress, and expressed, perhaps, much to the horror of many estimable and pious people, the opinion that the chaplaincy to Congress was a humbug. We endeavored to show that such an office was. in all its influences, most pernicious and corrupting to ministers of the pure and holy gospel. When preachers want the chaplaincy, what do they want it for? Is it that they may pray for Congress? That they could do, if they were private ministers and not the elected chaplains. No: they want it for the distinc tion and the money it brings. They may at tempt to disguise these motives, but such at tempts are idle and futile. For religion we have as much respect as any man on earth, but piety is one thing and ambition another. Yet, when we say this, we do not mean to assert, even to intimate, that a preacher is not and should be a man. We do not mean that he is or should be free from human feelings, human aspirations, and human ambitions. The beat of ua are but men. What we mean is, that they should practice self-denial, and atifle all thoa? passions and propensities which, if indulged, would unfit them lor the leadership of flocks, and for ex amples to the nation. We k now that the chaplaincy to the two Houses of Congress is as mnch aought after as any office in the gift of that body. Party poli tics are even introduced into these canvasses. Agaii.st political parsons we feel it our duty to make war; against any system that tends to build up political parsons, we feel that it is our duty to make the same war. Politict and religion should never }>e connected. If Congress needs prayers, as we fear Con gress does, there are a plenty of pious people who pray to the great God of this universe to direct its deliberations and action, icithout money! If Congress needs additional help, it need not expect to get it by paying God either mediately or immediately. In conclnsion, we must render the tribute of our approbation to the distinguished divine who wrote the above letter. It is extracted from the National lntellir/eneer. A IIst? Case In Ihf Knprrmr Court. An important slave case from Missouri is now before the United States Supreme Court. The points particularly in issue are. first, the i right of cititens of slaveholding States to carry I their slaves into non-slaveholding States for a j temporary sojonni there, without the loss of their right of property in such slaves; and next, , the constitutionality of the Missouri compro mise, as involved in the question of the right of Congress to legislate wiih reference to slavery in the United States territories. The Union says the Hon. Reverdy Johnson, of Maryland, one of the counsel engaged in the case, spoke at great length on Wednesday, and with more than his accustomed ability. His masterly and elaborated argument against the constitutionality of the Missouri Compromise was Hstened to with the moat profound atten tion. ?*? Hon. Benjamin C. Eastman, ex-member of Congress, died at his residence at Plattsville, Wisconsin, on the 4th. HA TIC* or POMTAUiC TO THK KAB'f tmmm*i ?>mnn?r?'*"l<*ll<1 Nil 91 ATR A, THK MOLIICCAH, ANO THK P H ILL 1 PIN K ULANDIt. We jtfv thai having been wjM** jjjre'**! ?r , ]fij^r c'j^tEm ing illWdia. tto* Br|ti>f|jj|mJ oth|^Wrvigti jetterjfc Jjetwee<p*|be I und .lhe Easj: Indies, WpL'ther tjsaUimi|iitt' <ilj Southampton'or via .\|*|seilles.|Jn thje mail; hereafter, the United Slates postage only \ .should bo pre paid iu this country ouh*tt?*rs for the En*t lnd?e?-??-We IwmwiHMwt-W-w4?r of the above routes, viz : five cents the single rjjfe, when the Atlantic conveyance is by Briliah packet, and twenty one rait* when by United States packet. Owing to a reduction of twelve cents iu the British postage beyond England, which took place on the 1st of February, instant, the sin gle rates of letter postage between the Inited State* 'nnd Java, Borneo, Labunn, Sumatra, the Moluccas, and the Phillipine Islands, will hereafter Vie as follows : To Java via Southampton, 33 instead of -15 cents the half ounce j and via Marseilles, 53 instead of 65 cents the quarter ounce, and G3 instead of 75 cents the half ounce, pie-payment required. To Borneo, Labuan, Sumatra, the Moluccas, and the Phillipine Islands, the rate will be 41 instead of 53 cents when sent via Southamp ton, and G1 instead of 73 cents the quarter ounce, or 71 instead of 83 ccuts the half ounce when sent by closed mail via Marseilles, pre payment also required. The rates above mentioned as chargeable on letters for the Island of Java, will provide for their conveyance by British packet as far as Singapore, but they will afterwards be subject to a Netherland rate of postage on account of the conveyance from Singapore to Java. By the Prussian closed mail the rates to these countries remain unchanged. From the National fntelliaenrer of yrxierdnv. LATKR FROM CKNTRAL AMERICA, CALIFORNIA, AND OREGON. The steamship Northern Light, which ar rived at New York on Wednesday last from San Juan, brings Sau Francisco papers of as late a date as the 21st ultimo. | Everything remains quiet iu Nicaragua. Gen. Walker has now about 1.000 men with him. President Rivas issued a decree on the 22d ult., suspending all official communication with the minister of the United States, nnd re calling Parker H. French. The Costa Rica papers give anything but a glowing picture of affairs in Nicaragua. The order said to reign in Granada, says the San Jose Journal, is nothing more nor less than " the ruin of its commerce and inaugaration of a reign of terror. The prisoners serving as hostages have been given up, it is true, but a contribution of $100,000 has been levied on the richest inhabitants, and some thousands of dollars have been extorted besides from each of the rich houses in Granada." The journal from which we make the above extract is informed that the militia of Costa Rica, to the number of 5,000 men, has been ordered out, in consequence of the alarm pro duced by Walkers operations in Central Ame rica. The republics of Honduras, Guatemala, and Salvador nre all in a warlike attitude. The California Nnri. Under date of the 21st ultimo, the San Fran cisco correspondent of the Journal of Com merce writes as follows: The two great features in the way of news since the departure of the steamers a fortnight since, are : First, the sale of the real estate be longing to the late Captain Folsom, which took place at Musical Hall, under the supervision of the executors. Selover, Sinton & Cobb were the auctioneers. Two days were consumed, aud every lot on the catalogue sold, exceptiug the block called the " City Market,*' which is valued at. $50,000. The gross amount of the sale was $607,605. Since then, two days have been occupied at hiacramento in selling town lots in the so-called city of Folsom, where is lo 1* the depot of the Sacramento Valley Railroad Company. The entire property thus far sold is not sufficient to discharge the present indebtedness of the estate, and it is very questionable whether the heirs ever receive even $10,000 in the aggre I Pa,e' The executors' charges, up to the 1st of December, are stated in the liulletin "to be $38,000; and it is supposed that the three ex ecutors will pocket each one hundred thousand dollars for their services in settling up the estate.'1 In selling the property, they simply sell all Folsom's "right, title, and interest,1* only giving quit claim deeds of the property. The lawyers' fees are said to amount to $36,000. 1'he property was mortgaged for $400,000 d uring the life of Fokom, at a heavy rate of interest, which has been rapidly accu mulating since his death. Hence the anxiety to sell the property, ere the interest consumed all, as also to close out the property prior to a judgment being obtained by the government, the said claim being estimated at $200,000. Moneyed men, who a^* posted, informed the writer hereof that the estate must prodoce net seven hundred thousand dollars, in order to ; pay off all the claims. I The second item of importance it the result ! of the trial of Charles Cora for the murder of i General Richardson. The jury was composed of merchants of high character and standing, | who, after being out two nights and part of two ! days, could not agree, ar,d wen> discharged ; | four were for a verdict of manslaughter, six for murder, and two for acquittal. An attempt was made to bribe one of the I jurymen for $1,000, which was spurned, and the miscreant arrested, fined $500, and im prisoned five days. It is our painful duty to reeord the death of William D. M. Howard, in this city, January 19. aged thirty six years, one of the oldest and most influential residents of San Francuco. Captain Howard came to California as early as 1 1839 as a supercargo in a ship from Boston. In the year 1849 he married the daughter of Dr. Poet, whom he leaves with two small ; children. Mr. Howard leaves an immense estate, unen cumbered. He was probably the richest man I ever deceased in California. Senatorial Klee.tlon. I There seems to be very little prospect of the 1 present Legislature electing a United States Senator in the place of Hon. W. M. Gwin. The Sacrameto correspondent of the Alta Califor nia writes on the 10th ultimo: In the Senate this morning the most impor tant movement was an effort to fix a day for i the meeting of a joint convention to elect a Senator in the place of the Hon. William M. Gwin. The day named was Tuesday, January 15, at 12 o'clock, to. The resolution was offered by Mr. Ferguson, of Sacramento, when it was thought the Senate was about to adjourn, and, consequently, all the members were not present. ' Mr. Mandeville immediately moved an ad journment ; a division was called, and the chair (Mr. Coffroth) announced the vote to be 1 15 in favor of, and 14 against the motion. He Mr. Coffroth ruled the call good, and Mr. Runt took tin appeal upou the matter of fact that the 1 announced .tlit animated debut, as made for r the previous was then t? (on of the chd nays 20. Upon the motion to adjourn and the subse quent motions, both Mr. Barton and Mr. Wil son voted with the Democrats. The motion to appoint a Hoinf (jbiiv4ul|p? will be renewed in Mnio$rlK- W ? ? In the Assembly this morning the first dash was made al the senatorial question. Mr. Kel ly, of Plumas, introduced a joint resolution that, the Senate concurring, the two houses go into joint convention on Monday, the 14th of Jan uary next, at 12 o'clock, in., for the purpose of electing s senator in place of Dr. Gwin. It was found necessary to strike out the word "next;" and objections having been ruised by some of the democratic members, the matter was laid over, under the rule. It nmy be called up at any time. The Indian war In Oregon?more fighting. The following is the war news, which we take from the Oregonian of December 23d: The steamer Belle has just arrived with news from the battle field in the Walla Walla country to December 15, p. in., being eeveu days later news. The brief import of the news is that the Indians commenced nnother attack on the Oregon mounted volunteers on the morning of the Dili. We copy from a letter of our corres pondent, who is irt command of a company : Dec. 9th.?The battle again commenced on the same ground of the day previous, which was a hot contest until dark. Our loss was, in wounded, Ira Allen, company F, and Johu Smith, company I. On the 10th the fight com menced still more desperately on the part of the enemy, and, if possible, with more determina tion on the part of our troops to drive the enemy entirely from the field. Before day they had fallen back to the ground occupied by them the night of the first day's fight, evidently badly whipped. Our loss was, in wounded, only one, Lieut. Sheppard, company F. In the evening Captain Corneliua, with company D, and part of Yamhill company, arrived. On the morn ing of the 11th the hills any plain, instead of being covered with the dusky forms of our savage foe, were bare?not an Indian in sight. All the disposable force went in pursuit, but re I turned on the evening of the third day without being able to overtake the flying enemy. I will not anticipate the official report by ( particularizing the stations and deeds of valor of the different companies or of individuals, but must say that 1 have three times before stood on the battlefield, where contending thousands were engaged, and I never saw braver or more determined men engaged in deadly strife. There were not less than eight hundred warriors against us, occupying ground of their own choice; a part of them among the trees and dense undergrowth along the river, aud the others extending their line across the plain in the sage and saud hillocks; the re mainder in the ravines and on the rolling hills to the northward. Jesse Flemming, of company A, died of his wounds of the 13th, making our total of killed, one captain, one lieutenant, and thirteen pri vates. Total in killed and wounded, twenty three. The loss of the enemy is very great, accord ing to their own admL?*sion; I think from 70 to 80 killed and as uiauy more wounded, not less than one hundred, aud fifty in all. Peu-peu mox-mox is dead. Stock Whitley shot in the neck and through the hips and many of their most influential and brave warriors killed. 1 believe they have received u blow from which they can never recover. The express did not leave on the 15th, as was expected, but leaves to night. To-day we moved camp four miles up the river, where we shall remain for the present. Governor Stevens is safe, and will be here to-morrow night. lie writes in the right tone; he goes iu for giving the red-skins a thrashing that will be a lasting one. The wounded of the command are all doing well, and are fast recovering; the Multnomah boys are all well and in fine spirits. More anon. Yours, truly, *** Burning of the Capitol. The capitol building at Salem has been entirely destroyd, supposed to be the work of an incendiary. The territorial library was entirely consumed? value probably about $6,000 or $8,000. The total loss of the building and library will not fall much short of $40,000. The papers and journals of the present session were destroyed, principally, ana will occasion great incon venience to the assembly in its further duties. Washington Territory. The Puget Sound Courier of December 21st | says: " We are informed that the Indians have commenced the work of de?truction iu this vicinity by burning the house and smith-shop of a Cierman, situated on what is known as Pnyailup plains ; this bouse was situated about six miles from this place, and not more than a mile from other houses occupied by other families. This is, doubtless, but the beginning of their work, which will no doubt be followed up on every opportunity. The heavy timber which skirts the prairie to the eastward is peculiarly favorable to predatory incursions by these miscreants, and we shall not he surprised to hear of the burning of all houses in this portion of the prairie." R?ndwleh laland*. We have dates from Honolulu to the 29th of December. Our previous dates were to the 8th. In accordance with the appointment by Mr. Gregg, United States commissioner, the fcing has approved of Daniel 0. Bigelow, esq., as consul of the United States at Lahaina, in place of George M. Chase, esq., deceased, until the pleasure of the President nhall be known. Rleetlon of United Rtatea Stnator for Maryland. The two tranche* of the Legislature yester day in joint convention elected Anthony Ken nedy, esq., of this city, a Senator of the United States from the 4th of March, 1857, to succeed Hon. Thomas G. Pratt, whose term then ex pires. This is in accordance with the previous action of the caucus of the political majority" of that body held the night before. The vote in Mr. Kennedy's favor is so large as to indi cate that he hnd secured about the whole strength of the Know-nothing membership, he receiving 62 out of 75 votes cast. The demo crats appear to have voted blanks, there being twelve such, while one vgtc was cast for Mr. Pratt. A resolution had been adopted the pre vious day by the Senate for postponing the election till the 27th instant, bnt the House re fused to concur. It will be seen that some ex ception is taken by some in the Legislature to i the aecomplishm?nt of this election at this | time, on the ground that Mr. Pratt's term not having expired by a year or more, there is some conflict of prerogative in the cas?? which,however, we shoald hardly think tronble. The vote cast for Hon. Henry Winter Davis, of this city, in the Know nothing nominating caucus, it seems, embraced only three members of the Baltimore city delegation.?Baltimore Sun of 1 btk. Juhvn?8am, did yon eher notice wot a good place de Park street berryin' ground would be for a hotel. Sam?? De laolord couldn't make much money out ob one dar. Juliv*?Why ? Sam?Kase, dar would be too many dead headi ahortt if.? Hngfnn Pott. Ion of Diplomatic III A suspension of Diplomatic Relations with tits United States I . ut thj people, or any considerable portion of any party, have given their assent to the government oi those claiming to exercise political authority in t,hw State. As to Mr. Marcy s ignorance we have nothing to say. We have 110 weans of knowing how long it takes knowledge?of which all the rest of the world is possessed?to find its way into the State Department; nor to what extent the attention of a minister of State, specially charged with the foreign relation* of bin government, may be pre-occnpied with the affairs of a party at home, to the exclusion of information from abroad. ' It may be that the urbane Secretary of State has had so much to do with Hards tfud Softs, Know-nothings, Black Republicans and spoils, that he has never heard of the two year's war which has lately prevailed between the Liberals and Seryiles of Nicaragua ; if the nine month* siege of Granada by Jerez, with an army at one time amounting to two thousand men; of the invitation extended to American Democrats by the accomplished and lamented Castillon ; of the acceptance of the offer by General Walker; of his arrival with fifty-six men; of the little army entrusted to him by Castillon, in which the native force was never less than three to one of the Americans, who were them selves citizens of Nicaragua by adoption : nor of the bloody fight at Rivas ; uor of the battle and victory of LaVirgen; nor the brilliant movement by which in conjunction Valle and Lausarage, aud other gallant native democrats, he surprised and took Grauada and restored peace, which for three months has remained unbroken throughout Nicaragua, and unthreat eued, unless by Mr. Marcy and his confederates, foreign refugees, and political speculators at Washington. Mr. Marcy's ignorance, we repeat, is none of our business, even if he stills think Nicara gua is in South America, as he once said to a distinguished gentleman of our acquaintance. But then he undertakes to question the validity of a foreign government, and to express an opinion upon its relations to its own citizens, he deserves a rebuke, and he has gotten it, as will be seen from the following decree of President Rivas, and the letter of Don Fermin Ferrer to the Hon. J. H. Wheeler. The Provisional President of the Republic of. Nicaragua to its Inhabitants. Knowing with certainty that the Government of the United States, in opposition to the pub lic opinion of that iijition, declines to recognise the present Administration of Nicaragua, and refuses to enter into relations with the Hon. P. H.French, its present accredited Minister near that cabinet, in use of its powers: To the Hon. J. 11. Wheeler, Resident Minister oj the I niled Statin in Nicaragua. Sir : My Government being well convinced that the present Cabinet at Washington, con trary to the popular wish of that nation, re fuses its recognition, it bccomes incumbent upon me to notify you that the powers con ferred on Mr. P. H. French, the present Minister of Nicaragua, near the United States, have been this day revoked, and that he has been commanded to return to this city. At the same time I have to communicate to you in the name of my Government, that in con sideration of the aforesaid conduct, of the Gov ernment which you represent, all communica tion with you in the character of a Minister resident of the United States, is from this day forward suspended. I have the honor to offer you the assurance of my highest consideration, FERRER. DECREE. Article 1. All official communication with the Hon. J. H. Wheeler, Minister of the Gov ernment of the United Slates, residing in this Republic, is suspended. Article 2. All the powers conferred upon Colonel P. H. French, as Minister Plenipoten tiary near that nation, are revoked. Article 3. Let this decree be communi cated to whom it may concern, and to the said Colonel P. H. French, that be nlaj retorn to this capital to give an account of his mission. Given in Granada, the 22d dav of the month of January, 18o<>. PATRICIO RIVAS. I io the Minister General, the Licentiate Don pkrmist Ferrer. | A Know-nothing among tb* Monks? His Opinion of Them. Dr. F oote, of Buffalo, who is travelling in Europe with ex-President Fillmore, ha, written several very interesting letters to the Buffalo Commercial. While at Florence they visited a monastery, of which the Dr. writes : Yesterday we went to the Pharmacy of the monastery, connected with the church ofSanta Maria Npvelia. In this monastery the monks devote their leisure hours to operations not much more recondite than those of an Eng. h?h gentle woman in the good old times, when a distillery room and the conservation of sweet herb?, and the preparation of perfumed waters were essential to her character. The room, into which ordinary visitors are admitted, are of good dimensions, and handsomely decorated. I he people are very civil and attentive, and the articles they sell? ?Uch as perfumery, soaps and scented waters?are the best of their kind J he dispensary is admirable, and is a noble j chanty. 1 he little courts are stocked with choice and beautiful plants, cultivated in the best manner. We Protestants are apt to con sider the monks mere drones; perhaps worse, tor profligacy is often imputed to them Mv acquaintance with them-and I have known them in vanoos countries?leads me to a different conclusion. There may be bad men among them?there are in most societies, a body. I think them sincere, though in an erroneous belief. The monotony of their lives must press heavily upon them at times and many make effort* to relieve it by engag ing in varions pursuits, which will occupy their minds. Science and literature are deeply in debted to the monks. To the Benedictines et pecially, classical learning has obligations it can never repay. rile lllrt h Piter nf Washington. A communication from Gov. Wise was read before the \ irgmia legislature on Mondav containing a proposition from Mr. Uwis W St^n/iS ^ PrM*?l? in P*rP?tuily, to 4he o of ***** Of the birth place of George Washington, and of the home and the graves of his progenitors in America, provided the State shall cause these places to be perma ?-T ?lT?*d'and?ba11 ?be same by suitable tablet* to commemorate those notable spots. J lie communication was referred to a select committee. #% Matters and things in Freetown, Mass are discouraging. Hatch Bailey, a tin pedlar. stole a watch ; John West stole several bags of meal, more or less codfish, and half a barrel of beef; Henry Hdl was sent to the house of Correction as a common drunkard,on complaint of his father David Hill; Jack Lyon, another drunkard, was taken from the railroad track JMt baiure the oar* out bim in two; and David O. Hathaway was knocked down by Mrs. Seth (lark with a billet of wood for licking her son. reetown might support a police court. Evans, author of I he Land l ar Away,'- and many other poems, uied at I nmesville, Amelia county, Va., a few days since. She was well known in the' poeti oal world as -For.," and a few year, since occupied a prominent place among the writers of religions poems. Particular!. ul tlu ??.'luu..?ii I Battle* of S?n Tome, Cambronal, Las MbUi kud Ncybn. From a translation in the New York Tribune tEl OAj, a DXiiAicjOn paper, received by a ent ajjpyal, w? have the following: 4Ou tfw 22d of December the battles of San ine and Cambronal were fought, both com mencing at the same hour. The battle of San Tome lafted five hours; that of Cambronal a little less. At San Tome only a small number of Dominicans were actually engaged, although they had the moral support of a large bod^y of reserve. This was not brought into action, as the generals did not consider it necessary. They thought it would be a waste of powder. The two armies disputed the victory for a while, but at last victory declared for^our heroic sol diery, whose impetuous charge nothing could resist. The four divisions of the enemy, in complete as they were, could not have amount ed to less than 6,000 men. "In the middle of the battle, Brigadier Gen eral Jose Maria Cobral engaged Laileur, the commander in chief of the hostile army, in single combat, and killed him on the spot. He sent the spoils of the Haytien commander to Santana, who has forwarded them to his capi tal, where they are now to be seen. Six hun dred and ninety-five of the enemy havo been counted a* slain on the field of battle, uud 85 military chests, among other things, were taken. "Colonel Martinez pursued the enemy with 500 cavalry, overtook them at Las Matas, and from that point drove them from our soil. In their disorderly flight the Haytiens lost a great number killed; it cannot be ascertained exactly how many. "At Cambronal the enemy left upon the field of battle 350 killed?among them their Commander-in-Chief, Garass; and, as the prisoners say, two regimentB had full employ ment in carrying off the wounded. "They intrenched themselves at Neyba, where General Loza, acting in accordance with in structions from General Santana,besieged them, and, catting off their supply of water, made dispositions for an assault, on the 24th. The enemy, however, fled under cover of the night. "As soon as our army were apprised of this, two battalions were detached in pursuit, which occasioned immense loss to the enemy. Every where he has been shamefully routed." The Vice President of the Dominican Re public, Manuel de Regla Mota, in two procla mations, enclosed the f dlowing reports from Santanna: "On the 24th, Lreceived from General Loza a detailed account of the battle gained by him in El Cambronal, on the 22d, and the affair at Neyba?the brave regiment of Neybra being in the vanguard. The upshot of it is. that the field of battle was garnished with 287 of the enemy killed?as nearly as they could be count ed?a great number of wounded, three prison ers, military chests, guns, munitions, with other articles, including some documents. In this battle General Dadas, who commanded the division, was killed." "At 6 o'clock last night 1 gave you notice that I had the enemy blockaded, that his sup plies of water were cut off. and that our ad vanced guards were near enough to Bpeak with the enemy; but as the time of day was not pro 'pitious for the attack, we waited anxiously for daybrenk. At evening, however, comprehend ing from what he had suffered, that another battle would be complete destruction to him, since the orders I had given were to charge with liuice and Babre immediately after the first discharge, and assault their intrenchments, the enemy, having obtained notice of my order, left the village under cover of night with the greatest silence, and without setting fire to it as is their custom. As Boon as our advanced guards perceived from the silence, after their departure, that they were gone, I ordered an entry into the village and sent two battalions of troops in pursuit of the enemy. "We have buried more than 300 of their dead, without searching in the ravines and thickets where they hid themselves. The prisoners whom we have taken say that so many were wounded that it took two regiments of the two divisions which took part in this action, to carry them over to Iiayti the day after the at tack," Col. Martinez writes to Contreras and Perez, the generals in command in the south, the fol lowing account of Las Matas : "Towards night we took up our position in front of the Village of Las Matas, which was held by the enemy. We gained possession of the fort, and tnrned one piece of artillery upon the village. The enemy was immediately thrown into the most complete diaorder, und evacuated Las Matas without even setting fire to it. Our troops are following, and will pur sue them beyona the border." A suspected poisoning in Manchester by a son of a father for the purpose of gelling a life insurance of ?200, a case of two children in the ?ame city, drugged to death by the parents for the sake of a ?5 fee from a burial club, have shocked all England. "For years (says the Timet) the calendars of English Assize have presented in almost every shire, especially in tHe mining districts, cases with out number of poison administered by wives to their husbands, and of fathers to children, for the pnrpose of obtaining some small pittance from the burial clubs so common in England, and whose cases were but a miniature of this Palmer picture." Thete are the deadly fruits of the mammonism of English life; and they will be repeated here and everywhere where the same vice infests society. Raibkl axi> hkr American Trit.?The New York Trilmnr, speaking bv the "card," says, that the net profits of the Kachel troupe in Boston and New York, were $00,000. The cold (?) which has prostrated her energies, and finally compelled her to seek Paris and her physicians, was contracted in Boston, and be came confirmed by the extraordinary exertions of her last fortnight in New York, and still further aggravated at Philadelphia, where she played CamilU in a house chilly with the cold of wintr, and without the necessary means of warming. Sho became there dangerously ill, but recovered sufficiently to go to Charleston, where, after remaining some time, she gave Adritnne J/ccowtrrtir, her last representation in America. Thence to Havana in the hope of entire recovery through the favorable influ ence of the climate; but no such happy result followed. It was here found necessary to break up the enterprise, and nearly all the members of the company went home, Mile. Rachel, un willing that her brother should l>e a loser, her self, pa\ing their expenses, and fulfilling to the letter ail the terms of their respective contracts. Th* Kino Crar.?The Newark Daily Ad vertitrr, in an article on the geological survey of New Jersey, thus describes one of the animal product* of that 8tale : The King Craft, known as horse foot, king crab or sea spider, is com mon on all the Atlantic coast, particularly at tho lower part of Delaware bay. They come ashore to aeposit their eggs in the Sana in ear ly summer?the beach then is covered with them for nearly 40 miles. They weigh about four pounds each, aad a million might I* picked up on a mile of beach in one season. The? are used for feeding hogs; iheeggs are shovell ed up in wagon loads and carried off to feed chickens. As manure their effects are remark able. A factory is in operation pre[>aring them for the purpose. Sivciik Wrather Soctb.?The freezing o the Mississippi river throughout its entire length is set down as a circumstance unprece dented in the memory of any one living, and tradition fails to furnish a parallel. " The "oldest inhabitant" has for once been deficient in a racord. wen ot a Know Nothing'* dwelling. Enter little boy very much excited. Little Boy.?1"Oh pal get your gun quick ami come out here; there's a great big Irish man down in the alley, eatiug a water-melon? the prettiest shot jou^ever saw, come quick." Know Nothing.?" Hush ! sonny, don't make a noise; there's two Dutchmen 'coming down the street, and ] think I can get them in range and tumble them down with one shot!'' <?? The Exprut buys "a good liar" is wanted in Jansas to correspoud with the New York 'IVibune or Kickapoo Ranger. Father Matiiew, instead ot being at the Fejee Islands, as has beeo stated, is said to be in Ireland, having sometime since returned from Maderia, whither he proceeded a year or so ago for the benefit of his health. Obit BABY. At our house, ui home, we've a sweet little bady, As fat as a 'coon in the fall; And for mischief, fun, uiuxic, or whatever it may be. Of brati* he's (he general of all! Wiih cheeks like two roses, Willi prelti.esl of noses Endeared is our Moses, . By every fond tie; In fair and foul weather, lie serves as a tether, To hind us together? My Betsy and I. From morning, full blotsoiiied,' till night draws lier curtain, His means for employment ne'er fail; And though hushed be his gabble of music we're certain, When he drags the old cat by the tail. Now calling and bawling, And falling and sprawling, And mauling and squalling At work and at play ; in the dish-w^ter paddling, Or Jowler pack saddling, Or about fiddle-faddling. He passes the day. Tbo' his third year is ended Ihi- present Septem ber. lie's equal to any at five ; At two he could 'put on" as well, I remember. As the best "shoulder striker" alive ; In consideration Of his qualification, I'm in coulvmplnlion Of placing lum where All the Mrs. Duncans. And all the Mrs. Flunking, Will say he's "some punkins"? And that is?"Tug Fair." Tbese's nought can escape hit minute-t inspec tion Displayed on the toy-seller's boards ; And he helps himself, too, without fear of deteo lion. To the nicest the pantry afford* lie's just in condition To meet competition. At the grand exhibition. The rogue, with Ur>o eyes? 'i here's one thing?depend on't ; To make ? quick end on't; If he can lay hand on't? He. tit re, lair* the prize. RI2GULATIONS CONCERNING HUkS AND HACKMBN How TO Know who thk II ackman m.?Ail i?u'ks are required to be licensed, and to haw the uun - ber ol their licenses to be paiuted in Mark figures ol not less than two inches iu depth, on th- from and aide ol each lamp attached t* ouch carriage, or, if there be no'lamps, the number* shall be con spicuously panned on each side of idriver box. In cane any ctrangei or othei pvrtuM icri* mir,. sell aggrieved by any hack-driver, lei him ul.uii. the nuinl>er of the hack llo* to reach linn wnl the law in hereafter i>oiuie<l ui^i. Rates ot Fahi Ai.uiww hv Law.?Knr ci h passenger for any diatance hoi over one mile an J\half ;?????; '!?' ? e?i>. Over one and a hall miles, nnd not ovei three miles 5^ When detained on route over live min ute*, driver to be allowed, 111 ?dJi tion, for each quarter of au hour dc ned j / The aliove are the rates allowed bet wet . day break and b o'clock P. M. Alter ?. ?? M ;i?. of fare allowed are as follows: For each passenger for not over our mile and a half. ? ^ For one and a half miles, and not over three miles -j? for detentions, for each quarter of n<. hour Right* ?k Persons Hiking Hacks.? Whe* more than two |>erson? are in a hack the di.ver 1* not permuted to take up auother ptuwenger with out the consent of persona already iu hi* hack When any number of person* employ H had the driver is not allowed to take up any other i.us aenger, provided the occupant will p?y bim the 'are of three persons. fi^i'kiiieu are ?lio*ro n. re. et vc . greater com peu.atiou than .. r.Xed by law ,f ? be voluntarily oflered by the passenger, but if he receive the same without informing the passenger that it if greater than his legal fare, he is g?,|,v of bavin, demanded the illegal fare In Casks or Rem-sal bv Hac?mkn n? ??k Pas srnoeks.?Hackmen are required by i*w to enrrv all passengers rendering them the legal tare unless previoItaly ei\? nittd lor the time necessary ti.iiMii* port paaaengers offering him the Inre under > penalty of live dollar*. When a hacki.ian shall retu,e 10 iakr ... gers, on the plea of a previous engagement, ne ,, required to give the name and iwa.dence 01 the person by whom he .* ?o engaged. under M pe*niu ol Ave dollar*. v If it should ap|>eMr luai the engagement wa. . faW one. or tUt the i.forma Uun 01 the name and res.de.n-e of the ,.er?on five, by the backma 11 was false then the Win,*, incurs a penally of five dollars. Pbxaltv ro? L?E*ANOtimj luutbAL rmta^lii, penalty lor demanding! a higher rale of tare for the transportation of passengers, is five dollar* for each offence ; and the person payiug the illegal lare may recover hack the amount over ?,,d H?K)vr thr ?inti allowed l?y law. Where illegal fare is demamJeu or received of a stranger, or any person who shall IM?i at the time have resided twelve months in the city, the nen ally tor so doing is tbtuKl,. or t(.n dollar* for each ofletoi* ?St.EtuMa. The rata* Of fare ami ?i| ioe ..tuer c<,n. Itions terms, and penalties, prescribed i.y law for the regulation ol hackney carnages apply to all sleighs running lor hire within the city of Wash ington. ' Driver*-?No person uii.ler si 1 teen years of aire 1. allowed by law to drive any hack, cab, ?r .|e,Jh for hire in this city, uader a penalty of five dollais How ro Vinuicatk thk Law.?Stranger* and others arriving ,he mty by ,he Baltimore and theu~ 7h Wk? r lL"P,,,y ?<>r the useof his vehicle and be refused, or who shnll | be a?ked and required to pay over and above th. | legal rau-s ol tare, will observe the number On the hack, and immediately inform the pohce officer Whose duty it is to be in attendance at' the depot [ That olfi. er will protect the pn.e?g,r Iron, sitioii, secure him a hack, and pro-ecie the of. lending hackmau Any re In sal or neglect by the police ofln-vr at n ? depot to execute the law in this respec.t i,e kno? ? will l?e followed promptly bv hi* dismissal Strangers reaching the depot from sfenmboar. or other place, from whom illegal *re is demand. ,> will apply to the police officer in attendance who.. r'"!iil! tXOmT?mi* Wl,fll",r",e ftre demand. 4 be illegal, and il an. ?n pro?eeuie rHe nffrmfitia har Ir man ? AKI- IIIVIN. t i f hiii i thr ( s>cuI,?;,?! r and Painting by J?a,e. Ja,k*on larve. Price's?''^.) "?**'">?"+ '.lands, ^c.' 9h^e'kt?:,.0, A<,vru,ur?'? ?" <?" Mosquito jjwre, sixty engraving,, by Samuel A Hard "I: "7'"" ?[ Haogbton, or the Mother's p , ? auiher of Aubrey Castle. Avon. Arc. rrice J7I cents. ?Hist published and lor s^le *1 , , 01 TAVLtJR Ac MAURY'S July Bookstore, near Ninth street. NKW Tlie HelreM?flUacfuou or the Mother s Secret. * novel bv the ?..* 1 rice .174 renin. 1 ** ' Of Advent iir?.ai .in 11 ii ?We fiy5*nnU'",A Hnrd' W"h *1 *1V'dI*'s,rations^ AK I MINTS?Archneciiire, Sculpture, Mn ? Ins? received'* J",:k"?n J'rv,#- ^ Corner Pennsylvania ?venue^JdUUi Wieet'