in reposed iu u guide of whoui there is not a
constant apprehension that he may suddenly
go astray. The party to which such or such a
candidate way belong will be, for the popular
majority, an incidental question ; but what that
majority will demand above all things will be
an acquaintance with the past of individuals,
iu order to kuow what may be expected of
them in the future. The more or less security
which will be olTered to it by such or such a
name will be the principal reason for its vote.
Let those men who are doing everything to
oust Mr. Buchanan from the caudidacy ex
amine seriously the condition of affaire, and
they will see that their interests duly consid
ered is to yield the ground to him. Iu obsti
nately determining to destroy him, they will
only cause themselves to be destroyed along
THK TItUK DU9IOCKAT
Is the title of a paper just started in New
Orleans. Its articles carry the ring of the true
mettle in them, and it promises to do good ser
vice in the coming campaign. We welcome it
into the ranks as a soldier good and true.
In another column will be found an extract
from this paper, from which it will be seen that
it favors the Man of the People.
As soon as we can find space, we shall in
sert some excellent articles from the Republi
can Journal, of Belfast, Maine. The work
goes bravely on.
4*35"* At a recent Democratic meeting in
Dearborn county, Indiana, Hon. Geo. W. Lane
offered the following preamble and resolution?
which were unanimously adopted:
Whereas, The Dernoecratic Slate Convention
gave an expression in favor of Jesse D. Bright
for President, in which we fully concur?but it
being understood that Mr. Bright is not a can
didate for nomination, therefore,
Resolved, That we are in favor of James
Buchanan, of Pennsylvania, as our next can
didate for President of.the United States, and
we call upon the people in favor of the great
statesman to speak out and let their voice be
heard so that their wishes may be respected.
I lie "Syracuse Journalnoting the Van Buren
Seward Republican meeting here, says :
"This demonstration indicates that the pliable
backbone of New York city i? becoming stitlened,
and that something good may be expected to come
out of' Nazareth,' even."
Not the least! All ourbackbones arejust as limber
as ever. We shall hunt Van Burenism and
Sewardism out of the city, 00.000 votes being
Anti Seward and Van Buren f>7,000
Seward and Van Buren 3 000
Majority against it M,0u0
I hen add on Brooklyn, Williamsburg, Staten
Islam] and the River Counties, whose backbones
are all just as limber as oiys in the city. There is
no hope for us, not the least!?Ar. Y. Ejyrtst.
From the New Orleans (La.) True Democrat.
TilK DEMOCRATIC NOMINB1C.
1 he Convention which is to assemble in
Cincinnati in June, to fix upon the Democratic
nominees for President and Vice President of
these I nited States, will have a solemn and re
sponsible duty to perform. Never, in the his
tory of our Government, has a great National
party been placed in a more responsible position,
nor called upon to perform a more important
duty. Indeed, it may be said that almost the sal
vation of our institutions depends upon the wis
dom of the choice tben and there to be made.
Not that the name of either of the patriotic
and prominent statesmen of our party, men
tioned in this connection, would fail to elicit a
cordial response from every u true" Democrat;
but, although all may be alike honest and pa
triotic, all are not expected to be, and in the
nature of things cannot bo, alike in firmness,
prudence, wisdom and discrimination. " The
times are out of joint," Error, with its hydra
head, is abroad -in the land; and, like him
whom fable named the conqueror of old, wve
want a leader in the next campaign who wields
a club which needs no second stroke! We
want?and the innumerable factions and isms
which have recently sprung up, imperatively
demand?a man whose antecedents are un
questionable, whose talents and qualifications
are undoubted, and whose principles have with
stood alike the shock of partisan conflict, and
the " still small voice" of popular demago^ism
an delusion. These qualifications, combined
with acknowledged parliamentary talents, great
suavity of manners, and finished personal ad
dress, point unerringly to the man of our
choice for the next Presidency: the man who,
ha?l we the power, should be, the u Man of
Destiny" in this country for the next four years
to come I That man is JAMES BUCHANAN,
of Pennsylvania, and our late Minister to the
Court of Great Britain ! lie it is whom we
are willing to pledge ourselves to sustain, to
the utmost of our ability, in bearing aloft the
banner of our country, against all outward
foes, as well as wily and insidious domestic
traitors; against the open foe to our demo
cratic form of Government, as well as against
that man or that party who is the pro
fessed friend of Republicanism, but whose con
duct is alike a libel upon liberty of conscience,
as his creed is a base subversion of the very
Constitution itself I
Mrnlmant Mtrnln'a Rxprdtllnn.
We publish, in another column, a com
munication which originally appeared in the
Richmond Enquirer, in relation to Strain's Da
rien Expedition, and the propriety of some
mark of honor or reward to the survivors of
thatexpedition, on the part of the government.
The account of this expedition in Harper's
Magazine has made the public familiar with
the details of the intense sufferings of those
who composed it, and of the privations and
hardships they endured. We happen to know
in some instances the consequences that have
ensued to those who escaped with their lives
?and which will accompany them to their
graves?erysipilas, sore limbs, the effects of the
" worm of the woods," chronic dysentery?
leaving them almost totally unable to pursue
any active employment, and compelling them
to relinquish their professional engagements.
It is, indeed, a case well calculated to excite
the sympathies of the members of the National
Iyegislature. To their wisdom and justice it is
submitted?and if anything can be done in be
half of the survivors, we hope it may be done
Camu.i.k'b Popularity.?The City Itrm, the
atrical paper, of Philadelphia, alluding to St.
Louis theatricals, record* that Minn lleron'a per
formance of Camille there created an immense
aennation, the establishment in which it wm played
having been filled to repletion every night ef its
performance. The writer add*: " Camille hats,
Camille linnets, Camille dresses, Were all the
vogue. Every military company marched to th?
Camille polka; every fiddler fiddled it; every
whistler whistled it; it was Camille here, Camille
Uiere, Camille everywhere ; Camille platform
scales and Camille peanuts were the last ideas ;
it was n matter of surprise that the very church
bells did not ding dong Camille."
tfeir The Indian title to the land on which
New York city is built was bought of the In
dians, in 1620, for $21. Had that money been
put at compound interest, allowing 7 per cent.,
the legal rate there, it wonld have now amount
ed to a sum that would purchase all the land
in that city, surprising as has been its increase
FROM uUK KXCHANUKS.
Emancipation of Slaves.?We lean
that by the will of Mr. James Kelley, of Lau
caater county, Virginia, all his alaves, amount
ing to about forty-five, have been emancipated.
Ilia executors are now in Baltimore, making
arrangements for their outfit and embarkation
to Liberia, in the vessel which is soon to sail
from that port.
Marriage, of an Ac tret a.?Captain
Piatt, of the British Army, and Miss Louisa
Howard, late of Burton's theatre, were married
at St. Thomas' church, in New York, on Tues
day, and the next day sailed for Europe.
The steamers now cross the Atlantic
two or three degrees south of the usual route
sailed by them, and next summer it ia predict
ed the Persia will cross the Atlantic in less
than nine days.
In Marion county Va., Col. Thos. S.
Haymond, a former of Congress from that Dis
trict, has come out in a card, declaring his ex
pectation to vote for the Democratic candidate
Chinese Goods via the Isthmus.?It is
stated that Adams' California express, which
reached New York on Wednesday, per steam
ship Illinois, brought amongst other freight, in
bond, forty-three cases of silk goods from Can
ton via San Francisco and tho Isthmus of Pan
ama, being the first importation of China goods
that ever arrived at New York by express
across the Isthmus.
Operation of the United States Mint.?
The statement of the operations of the Mint in
Philadelphia, for the month of April, shows a
very light business. Deposits only $841),820,
$751,300 of which was in gold. The coinage
in gold was $1,115,027, in silver $-450,000, and
in cents $2,933 82. The aggregate coinage
for the month amouuted to $4,567,900.
Health of Norfolk.?The Board of
Norfolk officially contradict a foolish report
that the yellow-fever had re-appeared in that
city. Not a case has occurred since October
last, and the city now neVer was more healthy.
Martin, the man, upon whom very im
portant experiments were made some years
ago, by Dr. Beaumont, in relation to the pro
cess of digestion, (Martin having a very con
venient hole in his side down which tho doctors
used to hang pieces of meat) has "turned up"
again, and is to be sent over to Paris, to let
the sacans there make further investigations.
Our Minister to France.?An Ameri
can, writing from Paris to the New. York Ex
press, says :?" J udge Mason is the most pop
ular Ambassador ever sent to France from the
United States, and is deservedly so. A kinder,
better, or more unpretending Virginian gentle
man never existed. Judge Mason's house is
ilways open to every honest man who can lay
;laim to the name of American, and, when
ivents shall occasiou his return to the United
States, all his countrymen in Paris will join in
regretting the event."
Naval.?U. S. sloop of war Cyane, all
(veil, was at Vera Cruz 18th ult., and about to
>ail for Tampico. U. S. steamer Fulton sailed
rotn Pensacola 22d ult, to join the home
iquadrou at Havana. United States ship
Portsmouth, A. H. Foote, commander, sailed
*rom Hampton Roads on Thursday to join the
East India squadron. She takes out us passen
gers, Robert Given, Chaplain U. S. N., to join
he steamer San Jacinto, in the East Indies;
Win. Speiden, jr., naval store-keeper, to Hong
ivong, China; Edgar Speiden, naval store
teeper's clerk, Hong Kong, Cbtna. The Ports
mouth (Va.) Transcript says the Portsmouth
is the first U. S. vessel that ever left that port
having entirely dispensed with the spirit rations
by the voluntary arrangement of the crew.
A Bloody Year.?There were seventy
Lhree battles fought during the year 1855, with
an average loss of a thousand men in each;
more than 300,000 soldiers are estimated to
have perished by disease and battles; the bat
tles average more than one a week. It is one
of the bloodiest years in modern history.
A Friendly Spirit.?An address to
the citizens of the United Slates, as recently
adopted by the citizens of Glasgow, contains
this friendly passage:
" We assure you that the affection which the
people of this country entertain for the United
States is cordial and sincere?that they cherish
no sympathy with any section of the newspaper
press on either side of the Atlantic which, by
its tone of irritation, would recklessly imperil
the continuance of peace. As one man, they
deprecate every worn and act that would cause
a collision of governments to issue in a colli
sion of people, and plunge the two countries
into sanguinary strife."
A Hard Winter aud a Hard Story.?
The New York Journal of Commerce, a paper
which seldom deals in anything but sober
truth, states that the snow drifts have been so
high on the plank roads in the neighborhood
of Syracuse, that the toll was paid by dropping
the money down the chimney of the gatekeep
A Valuable Woman.?.Missi'eggy hand,
a young woman of Pickens county, South Car
olina District, about twenty-four years of age,
after trying weaving, carding, spinning, and
sewing last year, Went to farming, and made
cotton, which netted her $100. Her com crop
was two hundred and fifty huBhels, worth 60
cents per bushel, and she made 35 bushels of
wheat, worth one dollar and fifty cents per
bushel. She accomplished this herself, with
out assistance of hiring. She plowed, drove
the cart, cut her wheat, and cribbed her corn.
Ijouit Napoleon and Corsica.?A Paris
letter, to the New York Commercial Adver
On his return from Algiers, where the Em
peror intends soon paying a visit, he will stop
to visit the cradle of his family, the island of
Corsica. Corsica never saw Napoleon I. after
the consulate. She boasts ot the renown
which the name of Napoleon has left her, but
she has shared very little in the benefits which
that name distributed. There was then but
little to do on account of the difficulty which
surrounded the island; but a good deal was
done by Louis Philippe, and now IiOuis Na
"poleon intends to commence in earnest the
work of regenerating the island, and of leav
ing behind monuments that will honor his
An Editor in Earnest.?The editor of
the Staunton Vindicator says:
Some fellow has been drinking mean whisky,
and as a natural consequence gone to stealing!
We have lost several books, pens, and a pair
of scizzors, recently. We keep on Land t
hickory club for such animals, and the lirsi
chance we gut wc intend to use it. \N e re nol
puking fun, but are in dead earnest.
California Olivet.?It is said that the
olive tree will flourish in all but the mountain
ous parts of California, as well as the oak. In
deed it is certain that the missionaries had u
great many olive trees growing in their gar
dens. At San Louis Obispe, there are some
very large olive trees growing upon the old
mission grounds. The value of the olive crop
in Italy, Spain, Palestine, and other Mediterra
nean countries, is euurmous, and the importa
tions into this country oi the fruit and oil is so
large, that it should stimulate California far
mers to obtain a share of the trade of an article
that can be so easily produced upon the singu
larly productive soil of that State.
Husband and Wife.?The Legislature
of Georgia has passed an ack to defino the lia
bilities of the husband for the debts of the
wife, and to define the liabilities of property
received through the wife for the debts of the
husband existing at the time of the marriage.
It provides that " hereafter, when persons inter
marry, the husband shall not be liable for the
debts of the wife further than the property re
ceived through the wife will satisfy, and that
the property received by the husband through
the wife shall in no case be liable for the debts,
defaults, or contracts of the husband existing
at the time of the marriage." Several other
States have looked into and secured women's
rights in this important particular.
An Old Onc.-^A. statement, copied
from a German newsj^^er, says that on the
22d of March last, some well-diggers in Ma
yence excavated a part of a printing press,
bearing the letters J. G. and the figures 1441.
The initials are supposed to be those of Johan
nes Guttenberg, while the figures indicate that
the press must be at least 415 years old. What
a. crowd of reflections pass through one's mind
on contemplating the history of that press 1
What a contest between the past and present!
When that press was built it was regarded as
an instrument- of the devil! While in our day
it is viewed as an agent of Providence for the
cultivation, civilization, and christianization of
the human family ! Could that press, without
the aid of man, speak its own history, what in
teresting facts it would be able to relate of the
progress of literature, the rise and fall of na
tions, and other facts in morals and religion, in
which mankind generally take an interest!
An Incident in Coukt.?When Miss Ma
tilda Heron had finished her evidence in the
ease of the stolen diamonds the other day, in
Recorder Bright's court, and as she was step
ping from the witness-box, she dropped a rose
from her bouquet, which, a gentleman present
haviug picked up, he was politely requested by
the accomplished lady to accept. W hereupon he
improvised the following lines, which, some
wav or other, have found their way, first, to
the lady, and then to us :
Jjd rouec'fst pour tamour
A gift of priceless worlti,
But 1 am all too poor
To win the crown of earth ;
The crown oi love so bright,
So beautiful, so true,
Which gleams from realms of light,
A halo over you !
Eyes, dark and deep as late,
Hair, sovereignly rolled ;
A glorious Lesbos crown.
With Sapphip thread of gold ;
Alas ! the rose is mine,
But not the love it tells ;
That love has sought a shrine,
Where a nobler image dwells!
Sale of "Washington's Cravat and Jeffer
On Saturnay, Mr. Anthony J. Bleecker sold
by auction, at his rooms, a number of auto
graph letters, chiefly of Washington, Thomas
Jefferson, James Madison, James Monroe, and
others, in number sixteen, formerly the proper
ty of a late Chaplain of the l.nited Statesj
Senate. One lot was a cravat worn by Gen.
Washington in the war of the Revolution. I his
was bought by the auctioneer for $5. It pre
sented no peculiarity, its color faded, dirty
white, and in form not unlike the black stocks
in ordinary use, only containing no whalebone
A letter from the Hon. Thomas Johnson to
Rev. Mr. Hatch, sold for $7.
A letter from George Washington to Hon.
Thomas Johnson, asking his acceptance of an
appointment in the Supreme Judiciary of the
United States, dated Philadelphia, July 14,
1791, sold also for $7.
One from Thomas Jefferson'to Rev. Mr.
Hatch, relating to both business and social mat
I ters, sold for 50 cents.
One from James Monroe to the same?a so
cial letter referring to Judge Nelson?brought
One from Thos. Jefferson to the same, con
taining a critique upon the Constitution of the
Library Society, and a request to acc ept a dish
of sea kale, dated Monticcllo, April 22, 1823,
sold for $3 50.
Another from Thomas Jefferson to the same,
referring to his children, his library and his
friends, dated Montecello, Sept. 9, 1821, sold
for $2 75.
Another from Thos. Jefferson to the same,
referring to the 44 good old Feudal times, and
inclosing a gift to his Pastor, as an offering
of duty," dated Monticello, Dec. 8, 1821, sold
also for $2 72.
Another from Thomas Jefferson to the same,
referring to the Charlottesville Library Society,
and suggesting the purchase of books of general
instruction, and excluding novels, and profes
sional and sectarian books, dated March 13,
1823, brought *2 25. .
Three or four other lots sold for similar
prices, only a few persons being present.
APOLEON AT NT. IIKM VA, OR
11 interesting anecdote* and remarkable con
versations of the Emperor during the five and a
half yearn of hi* captivity, collected from the me
morial* of La* Ca*a*, O'Mera, Montholon, An
tommiirrgi, and other*. By John S. C. Abl>ot;
English Grammar. The Engliah Language in
it* element* and lorma, with a history of it* origin
and development, de*igned for use in colleges
and ?ehool*. Revised and enlarged. Hy William
C. Fowler, late Professor of Rhetoric in Amhernt
C?*ar'*Commentarit*; literally translated note*,
with a very elaborate index.
A Child'* History of the United State*. By John
Bonner. In 2 volume*.
An Outline of the General Principle* of Gram
mar, to which quotation* have l>een added By
Rev. J. G. Grafion, Profemor of the English Lan
guage aid Literature in the New York Academy.
Ju*t received and for *ale at the Bookstore of
Corner of Eleventh street and Pennsylvania
WA M II I NCJ TO N IKVINCI'S NRW
Work, Wolfert'* Roo*t and other Paper*,
now fir*! collected, by Washington Irving.
Scottish Song*, Ballads, and Poem*, by Herr
Full Proof of thrf Ministry, a Sequel to the Boy
who wa* trained up to be a Clergyman, by John
N. Norton, A. M.
Memoir* of Lile, Exile, and Conversation* ol
the Emperor Napoleon, hv the Count de lea Ca*es,
with portrait* and other illustration*.
Manuel of Sacred Hiatory, by John Henry
Kurtz., D. I).
Just published and for sale at
TAYLOR (te MAURY'S
At the opening of the present session of tlu
Massachusetts Legialature, Governor (lardnei
recommended the repeal of ouch part* of the
" Personal Liberty" bill of last year aa wert
unconstitutional. This is tbe act in which
Maaaachuaetta nullified the fugitive slave law,
aud legislated the courts of the United States
out of the State, on matters concerning slavery.
The Governor did not atate what portions ol
the act are unconstitutional, or what amend
ments it needed. The H}K'8'ature referred
this part of lift message to a joint special com
mittee of aixteeu, and they have just made a
report, or rather three reports, for a majority
of the committee could not be united ou any
recommendation, and as there were three sets
of opinions, there are three reports.
The plurality report was made by seven
members of the dominant parties, the Ameri
cans and Republicans. It sustains the princi
ple of the law, but proposes some modification
iu the detuils. It strikes out all the sections
of the law which prohibit officers of the State
from becoming agents or attorneys for the re
clamation of klaves, but prohibits voluntary
service in the militia in aid of the law. The
disabling clauses against the jurisdiction of the
United States are retained.
The second report, signed by four members
of the same parties, advises the reference of
the subject to the J udges of the Supreme Court
of the Stute, for their opinion on the constitu
tionality of the law.
The third report is signed by four members
?old line Whigs and old Democrats?and it
recommends,'for reasons given at great length,
the total repeal of the law. It reviews' the
whole legislation of Congress and of the State
of Massachusetts on the subject of fugitive
slaves, and the judicial decisions in the courts
of both, and makes out a strong case against
Masaachuaetts, of having deliberately violated
acts of Congress and judicial decisions, and
the plain provisions of the Constitution ; and
therefore that the act is of evil principle, and
ought to be unconditionally and immediately
It appears, therefore, that of sixteen mem
bers of the two Houses, of whom the commit
tee was composed, not ono was to be found to
defend the law as it stands, and that a majority
could not be found to express opinions in favor
of the principle of the law. It is an encour
.aging sigu that a majority of the committee
were either decidedly hostile to the whole prin
ciple and all the objects of the law, or were so
I undecided as to determine their own.
It is not likely, with such a divided commit
tee, and such an incongruous Legislature, any
thing can be done at present to abolish this
law, or to amend it iu any part essentially.* But
these reports are a very encouraging indication
of an improved state of public opinion in Mas
sachusetts, since this abominable law was pass
ed last year, and a favorable omen of better
success at another Legislature in an effort to
sweep it out of the statute book.?New Orleans
The Two Third* Itule.
We see it stated in one of our exchanges,
that the two-thirds rule which has been adopt
ed in the National Democratic Convention, had
its origin in the effort to defeat Martin Van
Curen in 18-11. This is a great mistake. The
first National Convention of our purty met at
Baltimore on tbe 21st of May 1832. Gov. Lu
cas, of Ohio, presided over this Convention.
General Jacksen was nominated for President
and Martin Van Buren for Vice President.
There was no opposition to General, Jackson's
nomination; but there were three candidates
for the nomination for Vice President, Mr. Van
Buren, P. P. Barbour, of Virginia, in the South,
Richard M. Johnson, of Kentucky, in the West.
It will be seen, by reference to the Washington
Globe of that date, that on Tuesday, May 22d,
the Hon. Wm. It. King, of Alabama, from the
committee appointed on liules, &c., reported
among others, a Resolution requiring two
thirds of the whole number of votes cast in the
Convention, to make a nomination of President
or Vice President. This rule was objected to
by Mr. Pollard one of the delegates ; when Mr.
king replied to the objection, in substance, as
follows: " That upou the subject of the candi
date for President, there waa no diversity of
opinion, all desired the re-nomination of An
drew Jackson; but upon the candidate for Vice
Presidency a difference of opinion prevailed; a
number of distinguished citizens had been
named for the office, cach of whom had their
particular friends by whom they were preferr
ed." This being the case, he observed, " it
was important that a course should bo pursued
least likely to give rise to objectionsand
finally concluded by saying: "And as a
nomination made by two-thirds of the whole
body of the delegates representing the States
in that Convention, would thus show a more
general concurrence of sentiment in favor of
the particular individual, it would carry with it
a greater moral weight and be more favoAbly
received than one made by a smaller, number,
he hoped the resolution would be adopted."
The Resolution was adopted, by nearly a
unanimous vote, and has been the rule regu
lating the nominations of the National Conven
tions from that time to the present.?Fart
The Prmldi nry,
As the time draws near for holding the De
mocratic National Convention, the question
who will be nominated for President? attracts
more attention. The most prominent candi
dates at present appear to be (ten. Pierce and
Mr. Buchanan. Mr. Bright, we arc informed,
will not be a candidate, and it should become
evident that the friends of neither of the prom
inent candidates would give way for tho other,
when it might be expedient to unite on a new
man. Mr. Douglas's claims will not porbably
be strongly urged on the first ballot. His
friends will probably keep him in reserve until it
is demonstrated that neither can secure a two
thirds vote. It is thought by some that the
strength of Pierce and Buchanan will be nearly
equal. Our impression is that Buchanan is de
cidedly the stronger of the two, and that his
strength is increaxin^ daily. We look upon his
chance for the nomination as being the best,
though far from certain. If Mr. Pierce's friends
will not give way, it may be impossible for him
to get two-thirds of the delegation?in which
case, a new man may be brought forward and
nominated. Whether it will be Bright, Douglas,
Hunter of Virginia, or Cobb of Georgia, remains,
to be seen. They ar? all good men, and demo
crats of enlarged and national views, who would
administer the government for the benefit of the
entire Union, instead of pandering to sectional
prejudices, which would engender strife, and
might epdanger the perpetuity of the Union.
Mr. Buchanan is our choice. We look upon
him as one of the ablest atid purest statesmen of
the day ; possessing all the requisite* for Presi
dent of this mighty coufederancy, he would
command respect with foreign government*,
and receive the cordial esteem and confidence
of his fellow citizens at home. We should re
joice in his nomination, and labor diligently
and zealously to secure his election. In an
nouncing this pfefercnce, we mean no disre
spect to the other gentlemen named, nor should
we feel the slightest coolness or indifference to
any of his competitions who might receive the
nomination. We have entire confidence in
them all, and which ever .is the choice of the
convention will be ours, and receive from us as
cordial a support as we should to Mr. Buchan
an. The Democratic candidate is our candi
date, let his name be what it may.?Fort Wajft
One Term for the Prf?lilrn?jr,
A democratic meeting in Virginia last week
recommended the Cincinnati Convention to
adopt, as a new dogma of democratic faith, the
"one term principle" for the office of Chief
Magistrate of tho Union. A* writer in the
(iaiiibvilJe (Ala.) Independent thus expressei
'"We shall not be surprised, if, hereafter, one
of the resolves of the Democratic party shall
he, that we are to have no more second term
presidential candidates. Without the least ob
jectiou to the President (for wa shall support
him with the same zeal as formerly, if nomina
ted,) we shall hope to see such an expression
made at Cincinnati, as a future guide for all
subsequent action ol the Democratic party.
Coming from so respectable a source, it would
receive the unanimous approval of the party,
aud in times hereafter would have a most salu
tary effect upon the President himself in quiet
ing his mind as to further service required of
him in the presidential chair. One term of
four years, at the head of this republic, ought to
be enough to satify the reasonable ambition of
most moderate men; and, as the Democratic
party have always been composed of men of
principles, desirous of dispensing, " the great
est good to the greatest number," we sincerely
hone tliut hereafter we shall have no presiden
tial aspirants before the people for more than
the one term service for all time to come."
Prom the Richmond Examiner.
What llir Democracy ?ay In Ohio.
W e take the liberty of publishing the follow
ing extTact from a letter addressed to the editor
of this journal from a very intelligent friend
CoLCaiBUS, Ohio, April 17, 1856.
* * * I have just had the pleasure
of reading an article in the Examiner of March
8th on the Presidency, in which you express
your preference for Mr. Buchanan, for reasons
therein given. I agree with you that he is the
inau for the times and for this particular occa
sion; and in saying this for myself, I but ex
press the sentiment of four-fifths of the Demo
cracy of Ohio, and a large number of the I
people of other parties who will vote with the
Democracy against a Black Republican candi
date; and I assure you that he will carry the
electoral vote of Ohio by a decided majority.
The signs are unmistakable. To Mr.
or Mr. -, we have no objection, and
should either of them be nominated we will do
our best to give them the 23 votes of our State;
but I must say our clmnce is hopeless unless
we have a triangular fight; in that case we
might give them a plurality; but even then it
would be doubtful. But with "Old Buck,'' it
matters not to us whether they have one can
didate or two, or more, we shall beat them.
^1 deem this too important an election to run
any chances of defeat. If we beat them the
factions are blown to a thousand pieces, and
fanaticism is destroyed. If they beat us it will
enable tliern to establish a strong sectional
party which will give us much trouble in the
North and West and you in the South.
I hope our Southern friends will consider
our position, struggling against a spirit of blind
fanaticism, which you of the South cajinot ap
preciate; and not drive us into the fight with
an almost certainty of defeat. Jf" we desired
an unsound man, you would have a right to
complain. But no one pretends that^'Old
Buck'' is not a sound Democrat. Virginia,
Alabama, and other Southern States voted for
for him in the Convention of 1852, and I know
of nothing he has done that has rendered him
obnoxious since then. * * *
Apropos of the Democracy of Ohio, we ask
the reader's attention to the following compari
son of" the platforms adopted by the Ohio
Democracy and by the Know nothings of that
State, in their respective State Conventions:
mem. nKsoL.r no.N8. ;k. n. resolution.
Retolvrtl, 1 hat the 4. Slavery is local not
Constitution o/' the U. national. We oppose
States embodies the no- its extension into any of
blast and wisest system our Territories, and the
ol Iree governmsntever increase of it* political
established by patriotic power, by the admission
,nen- of any slave State or
Ilesolved, That as De otherwise; and we de
mocrats we will stand mand of the general
by that Constitution, government an immedi
witli all its compromi- ate redrt >f the great
ses, And maintain the wrongs \v, ich have
union of the States been inflicted upon the
against the opposition cause of freedom and
of all traitors,from what- I he American character
ever source they may by the repeal of the
come. Missouri Compromise,
Iifso/red, That in the and the introduction of
principles of the Kan- of slavery into Kansas,
sag-Nebraska bill, we in violation of law, by
recognize, as they do, the force of arms, and
I the right of the people the destruction of the
'he Stales and Terri- elective franchise
torif* to form thwir own
in accordance with the
Constitution, and are
just, proper, and Demo
\\ ttliout 1)1 at I lie l ton or Party.
Edwin D. Morgan, Simeon Draper, Joseph
Blunt, and a list of other gentlemen, taking iu
C. P. Williams, of this city, and ending with
Charles 0. Shepherd, the Abolitionist of Wyo
ming, address themselves u to the People of the
State of New York without regard to past jh>
liiical differences ordivisiontf and invite them?
to choose two delegates to a State Convention
to be held in Syracuse, on Wednesday, the2tith
How many just such appeals as this have
not these gentlemen made, ever since Simeon
Draper and the Pipe-layers attempted to put
down " popular sovereignty"' in this State by
the importation of train bands of voters from
Philadelphia and elsewhere?
So before then, the Whig party was orga
nized "without regard to pact differences."
So the Anti-Masonic party 1 So the Anti-Rent
party! So the Abolition party 1 So the Re
publican party! But they were all one and the
same thing; and their diverse names were but
changed disguises of the opposition to the De
The most remarkable thing about the Call
we have quoted from is, that it is signed by the
Republican State Central Committee, appoint
ed last year, and that they hare drt/pjted the
name of' Republican.
So that an alias has already become disre
putable. What good name will they next taint
with their bad cause??The Atlas and Argus.
J OHM II. BUTHMANN, Importer ami
Dealer in Wine, Brandy, Cigars, Are., Penn
sylvania avenue, south aide, between 4J and (>th
street*, ha* received a part of hm fall supplies :
Madeira, Sherry, Port, of various grade* and
Cognac Brandy, pale and dark, from a very high
order to a fair article.
Scotch Whisky, Schiendani (Jib, of ?nperior
Jamaica Bum, Monongahela Whisky, extra
Carncoa, r?d and white, (Anisette of l)tiss?-l
dorf on the Rhine,) Maraschino.
London Brown Stout.
Edinburgh Scotch Ale.
Champagne of Miimm'n and Moel's iV Chan
don's Imperial, Heidsieck St Co., Mumm's, and
Moet iSc Chandon's Verzenay and de Rougement.
Also spnrklmg St. Perny, pink and white.
With an assortment of flavHiin Cigars.
Hegalin El Can, Regalia la Villanueva.
Es la Chay, Vene*ulano.
Villanueva. Londres, Homo*. iXrc.
Also, a tar??e assortment of Rhine Wine, (some
sparkling) and French Wine, red and white, from
the highest prtoe to a tine Bordeaux table Wine.
riUYMIK MAURY have the honor to
announce the completion ot preparations tor
the festive season. In addition to their ordinary
stuek, (which has always been characterised by
elegance and variety,) they have received?
A choice selection of beautifully illustrated anti
tastefully bound Nook*.
Articles of" vertu," in Porcelain, Bronxe, am
Writing I'esks, in papier mache and rosewood
Card Itaske s, Inkstands, Ladies'Cabas.
Cigar Stands and Cases, Portemonnaies
Taper Stands, Stc.
Together with a general assortment of noveltiei
remarkable for a combination of the useful with
the ornamental, at prices suitable to the artisan o
We take the following from the Missouri Re
publican. It appears that the Kansas troubled
are not yet ended :
In Camp at Lkoompto*,
Sunday night, t> o'clock, April 19, 185G.
The Sheriff'and his posse returned to day
from Lawrence without Wood. He was bitrri
caded in his house and strongly guarded.
They attempted to take ono or two other pris
oners, but were forcibly prevented. While in
Lawrence the Sheriff and his party were groan
ed at, hissed, threatened, and cursed. , After
using all due means to arrest the prisoners, the
party left and returned home about 4 o'clock.
The question then on everybody's lip was,
"what will the Governor do?" All was ex
citement; council after council was held ; men
hurried to and fro; the Governor looked
thoughtful; the Secretary seemed uneasy;
General Whitfield appeared determined; the
settlers gathered in irotn their claims, and all
were on tip-toe waiting for the news of what
was to be done. Some wanted the Sheriff to
summon a posse of two or three hundred, who
should go to Lawrence and take the prisoners
at all hazards; but happily wiser councils pre
vailed, and it was agreed that the Governor
should issue a call for a small detachment of
United States troops; and accordingly an ex
press rider will start from here in a tew mo
ments for Fort Leavenworth, with orders for
Col. Sumner to send on the detachment.
Writs are to be put in the hands of the
Sheriff not only for Wood, but for all those who
forcibly rescued him from Jones, and they are
to be taken with the aid of a small force if it
can be done, but to be taken if it requires all
the Government troops in the Territory.
Since the action of the Governor has been
made known all is perfectly quiet; there is no
excitement, and no outbreak is now appre
Mr. G. W. Mclvoun left about two hours ago
to ride all night for Westport on important
business. H. c. r.
The Lawrence Herald of the 19th of April
contains the following article :
"We stop the press to announce that there
is auotber invasion contemplated by the Mis
sourians. "Sfierijf'' Jones has been attempt
ing to make arrests of some Free-State men in
Lawrence, but .failing to aocceed, has sent to
Missouri for a posse. Governor Shannon gave
orders to have the pro-slavery people gather in
to the assistance of Jones. In Westport the
military companies were drilling the same day
Jones attempted lo make arrests in Lawrence,
which shows the whole affair to have been pre
concerted. It is our opinion that they wish to
forestall the action of the Investigating Com
mittee by endeavoring to make it appear that
we are not a law-abiding people. The writs
which Jones served were issued under the au
thority of the bogus officials. We have no
room for comments."
The Missouri Democrat furnishes the follow
ing additional information :
Lawrence, April 23, 1856.
The United States troops from Fort Leaven
worth are in town assisting Sheriff Jones to
make arrests. Hutchingson, YVarren, Lyman
Fuller, Hunt, and two others have beeu arrest
ed for refusing to act as Jone s posse on Sun
day last, and to night are held as prisoners,
guarded by the troops, who are camped here.
Wood, Speer, Monroe, Deitzer, and Tappan
were iu town this morniug, but went a visiting
in the country when the troops came in. No
resistance has been made to-day. Houses
have been searched, but Wood, Speer & Co.
have not yet been arrested. The soldiers dis
like the business they are engaged in.
The Congressional committee is iu session
here ; commenccd this morning.
Lawrence, April 24, 2 p. m.
Last night about 11 o'clock Sheriff Jones,
while sitting in a tent with some soldiers, was
shot by some one outside, who fired a pistol,
the ball taking cffect in the back just below
the shoulders. Joues fell back with a groan,
was taken up and carried to a room in the Free
State Hotel, where his wound was dressed by
Dr. Stringfellow, of Atchison, editor of the
Squatter Sovereign. Jones is considered in a
very critical position; his spine has become
paralyzed, aud the doctor has put him under
the influence of opium. It was very dark at
the time the pistol was fired, and no one saw
the person who did it.
The Captain of the Kickapoo Rangers and
Gen. Whitfield are in town and with Jones to
Wood, Searl, Tappan, and others, receiving
information that their friends had been arrest
ed, came into the city expecting to be taken
prisoners by the United States dragoons, under
command of Lieut. Armstrong. Up to the
present time they are at liberty, but will doubt
less be arrested to-day. Lieutenant Armstrong
brings a letter from Col. Sumner, commander
of Fort Leavenworth, to the Mayor of this city,
stating that he bad received orders to send
troops to Lawrence to assist in making arrests;
that he did not understand the merits of the
case, but hoped that law and order would be
maintained by the citizens.
At New Orleans, on Wednesday, the 2d April,
by 1 he Rev J. K. Gcthkix, l)r. J. L. CRAW
COL'R to MYRTILLA. eldest daughter of Ben
jamin Florence, all of that city.
At New Orleans, on Thursday, the 3d April,
at St. Lukss's Church, by Rev. C. S. Hedges,
GEORGE MASON, Esq, laie of Virginia, to
Miss ELEANOR S. WALLACE, of New Or
Richmond papers please copy.
One prlrc and full supply guarantied.
rpiIE Subscriber, having succeeded in filling
1 all his houses with Ice of a very superior
quality, and having the most extensive facilities
for conducting the trade, is now fully prepared to
make contracts for the ensuing season, nnd feels
confident that the interest of consumers will be
advanced by giving it their attention.
Persons in any part of Washington will be
supplied punctually according to contract, either
for the season, (via: from 1st May to 1st October,
or for the entire year.
To avoid mistakes and trouble in settling ac
counts, contracts should be made, if possible, with
the proprietor, and not Idt entirely with servants
and those delivering the Ice
Tickets if used at all must be paid for on delivery
unless otherwise arranged.
Customers leaving the city for more than ten
days at a time, by giving notice at the office, will
be entitled to a proper deduction; without auch
notice no deduction will be made.
Notice of change of residence, if given at the
office, will prevent disappointment.
Complaints against drivers for neglect, careless
ness, or any other cause, should be made at tha
Ice kept constantly on hand at the office, and
can be had in larg ? or small quantities.
Orders can be left af the following places or
sent through tho Post Office:
Nairn te Pai.mkr, Penn. avenue and (Mh street.
Z. D. Oilman, Penn avenue, between Oth and
W. II. Gilxak, Pennsylvania avenue and 4J
l)r. T. C. McIntihk, 7th and I streets.
FoKD 9c Bro., Penn. avenue and 111h' street.
K idoi.by'*. Seven Buildings.
Z. M. P. K no, corner J5J ami I streets.
H. H. McI'hkrson, Capuol Hill.
L. R. Hoi.mkad, Maryland avenue and 7th
F. S. Wai.sii, Navy Yard.,
Dyson, corner of Penn. avenue ff 12th
I L. J- MIDDLETON,
Office and Depot southwest cor. K and Pith atVMt*
BROWN ANI) SHOOK,
OKNKRAI. COMMISSION AND FORWARDING MER
CHANTS, RICHMOND, VA
And Agents for " Kerr's" " iSvinmrrdran' Old Rye,
and P. Hanger's "Old Rye"' Whisky. PrtmitHH
All letters promptly answered, nnd orders filleo
O o IN" G" R- ? ? W -
In tub Sknatb, yesterday, ou motion of Mr.
Clayton, h resolution was adopted,calling for the
original journal of the American Commissioners,
in Pariain lb03 and 1604, convened y> liquidate
and audit ilie claim* of American citiaens agaiust
the French Government for spoliations upon Com
Mr. Bayari> addre*#ed the Senate at length on
tha question of the Navul Retiring Board. He
advocated an amendment to the propositions
pending " toatnend the act to promote the efficien
cy of the navy." The prominent features of his
substitute are, that it proposes to restore to their
former rank all the officers who have been placed
on the reserved list, and to investigate the capa
city und fitness of those dropped officers who may
desire it, by Courts of Inquiry.
The Senate, after un Executive session, ad
In t 11 k>House OK RefkesknTAT.ves, the Sen
ate bill appropriating forty-live thousand dollars
for the deepening of the channel over ..t. ">r
Flats, Michigan, wns passed. This was ertecte
under a suspension of the rules, by a vote of yeas
108, nays 40.
The House also pa-sed the bill defining the ob
jects for which the balance of appropriation for
the improvement of the Savannah river shall be
Mr. Clikgman asked leave to offer the follow
ing joint resolution!
lit it resolved by the Senate and the House of
Representatives of the United States of America in
Congress assembled That for the better protection
of the per-ons and property of American citizens
under the law of nations, and as secured by exist
ing treaty stipulations with reference to the
thoroughfares or lines of travel between the water.
of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, the President
of the United States be and he is hereby autho
rized to employ any part of the land or naval forces
of the country, and to call for and use any number
of volunteers that may be. necessary to provide
for the safety of passengers and other of our
citizens in those localities; and such forces may
be used by him in aid of the local authorities or
otherwise, to insure the observance of such rights
as the Government of the United States and us
citizens are entitled to enjoy,
Objection being made, Mr. Clinuman moved
that there be a suspension of the rules, in order
to introduce his resolution ; pending which mo
tion, the House adjourned.
Supreme Court ol the United States.
Monday, May 5, 1850.
No. 87. Richard D. Wood et al., ^. Alex
ander C. Davis.' Appeal from the Circuit
Court of tho United States for the Northern
District of Illinois. Mr. Justice Nelson de
livered the opinion of the Court, reversing the
decree of the said Circuit Court in this cause,
with costs. ,
No. 71. Archibald Douglass et al., appel-.
lants, vs. John A. Rowan's executors et al.
Appeal from the Circuit Court of the United
States for the Eastern District ol Louisiana.
On motion of Hon. Miles Taylor, of counsel
for the appellants, stating that tho matters in
controversy in this causa had been agreed and
settled between the parties, this appeal was
dismissed, with costs.
No. 102. Charles McMicken, appellant, r*.
Franklin I'erin. The argument of this cause
was concluded by Hon. John Henderson lor
No. 104. Susan E. Conner, widow of Henry
L. Conner, deceased, plaintiff in error, vs. Wm.
St John Elliot, administrator, et al., heirs of
Henry L. Conner, deceased. The argument ol
this cause was commenced by Hon. John Hen
derson for the plaintiff in error, and continued
by Hon. J. P. Benjamin fur the defendants in
error. . . .
Adjourned until to-morrow at 11 o clock.
Account of ths naltlr of BWM t?y * P?r
[From the Newark Advertise ay - ]
The following letter was receivcu Oy the last
steamer from .Granada, from Henry Barstow,
2d Sergeant of company C, 2d rifles, " alker s
army, formerly of Newark, New Jersey, who
wuh in Walker's battles, and who, it wm be
seen, speaks very highly ot the country:
Granada, April 14, 1850.
* * * I have now l?een absent from
home two months, and have been as busy as
one could possibly be. The company I am at
tached to, as soon as we landed in this country
was immediately ordered to march against
Costa Rica. We accomplished the march in
seven days, and on the eigth day got defeated,
retreated, and came back to \ irgin Hay, naked
and half starved, with a loss of eighteen men.
I never saw a more beautiful country in my
life. There are thousands of acres of land that
require very little done to them to make a liv
ing. If a man works half of his time, as he
would in the States, he might sit down in rest
and plenty the other halt, if the country re
mained in peace. However, the only enemy is
the Costa Ricans.
Intelligence was received on the 7th of April
that tho enemy was in ltivas, some 60 miles
distant. We immediately marched our availa
ble forces which could be spared from post duty
against them, and met them on the morning of
the 11th. We had 400 Americans, or demo^
crats, and natives. The enemy was well fortified
within the city, with 2000 strong, all told. ?Ve
fought for 16 hours and drove them out of the
place, they losing in the engagement 600 men,
besides wounded and missing. At 12 o clock
we retreated, owing to our want of provisions
and ammunition, as we had few caps and
cartridges, and had been without food lor a day
and a night. >
Gen. Walker commanded in person, ana
showed a good deal of braverv and coolne.-s,
and as to the result, I felt confident we 8"0?'d
come off victorious, ^e had 30 men killed
and wounded, and brought the wounded back
to Granada on horses and mules.
The country between Granada and Rivas is
beautiful and level, and as pretty orange and
banna, or plantain grows, as ever the world
produced are found here. A man with any
enterprise could soon make himself comforta
ble for life, as soon as peace is proclaimed?
which time is not far distant, if Uncle ^ttm
puts a stop to England, who is using all the
means in her power as a nation to exterminate
us. Wo know this is so, for we have taken
their spies with documents to that effect.
They have been stripped of their papers and
hnng or shot. ? , . .
Tho Costa Ricans have killed all the Ameri
can citizens in Virgin Bay and San Juan del
Sur. Tho latter place is on the line of the
Transit Company's route over the Isthmus.
They have burned down their houses and con
Humed their bodies. What Uncle Sam will
say to this is more than I can tell.
We expect to start there to protect those
who o#ine on the next steamer, and then 1 ex
pect we shall have another brush with them.
How the Government of the Vnited States can
stand by and see her citizens coolly massacred
?men who have no lot or part with W uiker,
or what is styled filibusters?is a strange mat
ter. I do not consider myself a filibuster.
think tho cause is just. Any one who come
to Nicaragua will be received with open arms.
As for the countrv. it may he said that it is
unhealthy; but I think there is not a healthier
1 country in the world. Had 1 been in Newark
and exposed myself as 1 have here, ?eep.ng
on the beach or in the woods, I should have
been dead. ,
IThe above is written by one of Walkers
men and corroborates, in the main, the ac
counts already published from Walker's organ.
Private letters received in New York are re
ported to give a somewhat different version aj
to tho numbers engaged and injured, reducing
the reports considerably, anil indicate that
neither party acknowledge defeat.?En.)
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