Newspaper Page Text
TRI WEEKLY. N0 95
CITY OF WASHINGTON, THURSDAY MORNINO, MAY 8, 1856. WASHINGTON SEJWNKJ-. is PUHuaauiD iiv whui akd wiiiit it BEVERL.EY TUCKER, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR, W**?!'? Building, B?M CM* CaylM, city or WAa&uruTQN. TERMS. Try-Weekly |5 00 Weekly 2 00 To Club* or Individual*, subscribing to Jiv4 or mort ctrytti? Tri-Weekly per annum, in advance $3 00 ^Weekly " " I 50 TERMS OF ADVERTISING. One square, (ten lines,)..l year..... $6 00 " " 6 months. 5 00 " " ....3 " 3 00 Two squares 1 year 12 00 " " 6 months 8 00 '? 3 " 5 00 Three squares 1 year 15 00 " " 6 months.. ..10 00 " ?? 3 ?' 7 00 One-third column 1 year ..18 00 " " 6 months 12 00 ? " ......3 8 00 One column 1 year 50 00 " " 6 months..........30 00 All advertising for a less time than three months, will be at the usual rates?$1 per square for the first three insertions, and iwe*ty-/!ve cents for each subsequent issue. B&.Letters on business should be addressed to John Shaw, Sentinel office, Washington. JOYCE'S TASTELESS SOLUTION Or Copslbal 114 Chsmbtri 8ti*?t, Ji. If. | TO THE HBOICAL PKOFEKMON. GENTIfiMliiN.-riie valuable medicinal properties of Balsam Copaiba have long been recognized by tbe faculty, but the great dis advantage nrising from its nauseous taste has hitherte prevented . its administration in many diseases tor which it is particularly adapted. The usual '' modus oyiratuli' of prescribing it, either in the form of an Emulsion or Gelatinous Cap sules, has not been found satisfactory, being liable to some objection, either from the difficulty expe rienced by some individuals in the deglutition ol the Capsule or the small quantity of Copaiba gen erally found in the Emulsion. Joyce's tasteless solution of Copaiba is the most unique preparation yet introduced to the medical profession, as it contains 50 per cent, ol the purest Para Copaiba, without taste or smell, and at same time mixes clearly and freely with water, and is pronounced by the most eminent physicians and analytical chemists in the old and new worlds to contain all the medicinal proper ties of Balsam Copaiba without its disagreable characteristics. Il is an eificieut preparation lor all diseases ol the mucous membranes, and particularly Go no rheu-a, Leucorrhcea, Gleet, painful hemorrhoida, affections, and in chronic irritation of the bladder. Sold in Washington wholesale, by J. N. CALLAN, and retail by Messrs. C. Stott & Co., M. P Kings, Patterson & Nairn, Ford ic Brothers, D. S. Dyson, J. B. Moore, Dr. W. B. Young, R. A. Payne, Bury fle Co., Navy Yard; H. M McPherson, jr, F. S. Walsh, V. Harbaugh Benjamin Frankin, Mclntire, Dr. S. E. Ty son, J. S. Lovejoy, J. W. Nairn, Wallace Elliott and John A. Mtlburn, and Pierpoiut, Alex andria. Oct 5?6m 1 1 XTKA Heavy-plated Tea Seta, Albata 1\< Fork*, Spoons, &c.?M. W. Gait fie Bro. Lave just received a beautiful aaaortmeut oi? Extra Plated Tea Sels, latent styles Castors, Cuke Baskets, Card Trays, ficc Al?o, superior Albata Forks and Spoons. The above are of the very best quality, and ua usually low. M. W. GALT fit BRO. RAPPAHANNOCK ACADEMY. . FOR LEASE OK HIi NT?The subscri ber having determined to discontinue teach ing school, offers for Lease or Rent the Rappa hannock Academy, which he wishes to dispose ol for the next four years. There has been a school at the place for forty years. It is situated seven men miles below Frederieksberg, immediately on the road between that place and Port Royal. The locality can be surpassed by none for beauty or healthlulness, is supplied wuh all uecasssry buildings, which are in good repair and will ac wommodttie seventy borders. Teaohers wishing to keep a boarding school will do well by calling to see the place bafore bargaining elsewhere. Address the subscriber at Port Royal. Cat >lia< county, Virginia. Nov. 21? THOMAS R THORNTON ENGLISH AMD FRENCH BOARDING AND DAT SCHOOL.. MISS BROOKE, from Philadelphia, will open her BOARDING AND DAY SCHOOL lor young Ladies, on Monday, Sqx+mbtr 10th, In.V), at No. 13b, Penu. Avenue, corner of Seven liuildings and 10th street. Miss BROOKE will be assisted by the most ooinpeteot Profes sors in every department. A French lady, recently from Paris, is engaged as a resident governess, and every means will be used to accomplish ber pupils in that language. Drawing will be taught in various and elegant styles. aaooM mind ations : " My friend. Miss Brooke, is a inost estimable lady, of great intelligenoe, whose qua ligations as a teacher, and whose accomplishments in English literature, entitle her to high consideration. ALONZO POTTER." " Miss Brooke is well known to me ss s Isdy who ia entirely capable of oonducting successfully the education of young ladies, snd is every wsy worthy ol the patronage of parents. A. DALLAS BACHE." a kf?ainces: The Right Rev ALONZO POTTER, D. D., LL. D., Right Rev. G. W. DOANE, D. D., LL. D. Proleesor A. DALLAS BACHE. Supt. Coast Survey. Professor JOSEPH HENRY, Sec'y ofSmith soian Institution. Gen. JOHN MASON, Washington, D. C. WILLIAM W. CORCORAN, Esq. " JOHN S. MEEHAN, Esq., Librsrisn te Con gress. Hon JAMES CAMPBELL, P. M.Genersl. Hon. ELLIS LEWIS. Chief Justice of the 3. Court, Pa. Hon. O. W. WOODWARD, Associste Judgu of the S. Court of Penna. Hon. GEORGE VAIL, M. C., N.Jersey. Lieut. M. F. MAURY, LL D., U. S. Obsei '<t tory. Circulsrs stating the terms to b? had at the principal Book Stores, or of Miss Rrooke, No 138 Ps. Avenue. August 30?3tawln? LAND WARRANTS. THE ttubaertbera, lafliif made addition to their active capital, ere now prepared to purchaae an unlimited quantity 6f Land Werranta, not only at the very higheat market pricea, but at timn will pay more than any houae in thia city, Baltimore, Philadelphia, or New York, and cer tainly alwaya aa much ; and will deal very liberally with correspondents, tor warding Warrant* by mail, alwaya allowing thenr more liberal ratea io consideration cf the lo?? of tiroe anofwwry for their transmission to thm city, and our return draits on ?ionhern and Southern eiuea in payment Address J. M. OLARKE St Co., Bank era, and Dealer* in Land Warrants, Washington, L>. C. REFER TO? Celonel James O. Berret, Postmaster, Wash ington, D. C. Suter, Lea, Sc Co., Bankers, Washingtoo, D. C. All the Officers of the Bank* in Wheeling, Virginia. Beebee it Co., Bankers, New York. Peters, Snenoe, Sc Oo., Banker*, Lynchburg, Va. Paul ft Hinton, Bank era, Pete<*burg, Va. R. H. Maury Sc Co., Banker*, Ri< hmond, Va. Cnshier Bank of Virginia, Richo ond, Va. Cashier Farmer*' Bank of Virginia, Richmond, Vn. Cashier M- and M. Bank, Parkrraburg, Va. Jamea Robb Sc Co., Bankera, New Orleana. J. W. Clark St Co., Bankera, Ao*tOn. W. M. St J. 0. Martin, Banker*,Charleston,S.C. P. Sc A. Via ton, Bankera, New Philadelphia, O. Jan. 19?1*. STONE QIJAURY.?Iam prepared to fur lush Iroui my quarry, opposite toe Little Falls and adjoiuiug the quarry of the late Timothy O'Neale, any quantity of a^oue that may be needed lor building purposes. Apply to th?* undersigned at bia bouse on H, between i'Jtb and 20th atreeta, m tbe First ward, or to Mr. Paine, at the quarry. July 27 WILLIAM 11. SCOTT. ?C)?NENTAKIE8 on the Jurisdiction Practice, and Peculiar Jurisprudence of tbe Courts of the United Stale a, vol. 1, by George Ticknor Curtia. Hiatory of the Crusades, their Rine, Progress, ami Results, by Migor Proctor, of the Royal Military Academy. Cumining** Lectures on the Seven Churche>. On aale at TAYLOR fe MAURY'S Bookstore, Not 16 near 9th street. T EAVES from a Family Journal, from I I the French of Emllie Souvestre, author of "The Attic Philosopher ta Paris. Mra.Jameeap'sOoiamaa-p^aoaBwokolThougbts, Memories, aud Fancies. R. FARNHAM, June 7 Corner 11th st. and Penn. av. rPHE ANEKICAN HPOR1XHAN, Cou M taming Hiuta to Sportsmen, Notea on Sport ug, and the Habits of tbe Game Birds and Wild Fowl of America, by Eliaba J. Lewis, M. D., with numerous illustrations. For sale at TAYLOR & MAURY'S Jan. 4 Book Store, near Ninth street. R. F. HIBBAKD'8 WILD CHERRY BITTERS AM EXCELLENT REMEDY. HIBBARIVS Wild Cherry Blttera la the beat Purifier of the Blood and the best anti-, dote for Dyspepsia we have ever found. It is the best Strengthening Bitters for all who are debili tated by sickness or whose nerves have been shattered from excitement or overworking them selves that'can be fonud in any other purgative in the world. It is perfectly harmless and gentle in its nature, and when once used will be found highly beneficial, eapectally to females. Try it an4 become convinced; our word ior it, you will uot regret it. Prepared and aold by Hibbard & Wheeler, 82 Spruce street, New York; and J Gibbs, cornerol 5th and E street*; A. Babsett, 208 D street; and E. H. Werner, Pennsylvania avenue, Washing ton, D. C.; and by dealers aud druggists gener ally. July 10?3in WOOD -GAS.?CAUTION* BE it known that I, the subscriber ob tained letters patent in December, l?5l, for an apparatus for the destructive distillation of wood, and the making therefrom of tar or pitch at pleasure, and gas; and that in the judgment of competent persons the invention of an appar tus recently patented by W. D. Porter cannot be used by him or any other person without infring ing my said patent. And, further, that w.hat is patented by said Porter rightfully belongs to me, as 1 expect to prove ere long before the United Slates Patent Office ; and, further, that the Use of said Porter's invention involves also a process which I am now claiming before the United States Patent Office, and which has been adjudged to be patentable to the first inventor thereof, and which said W. D. Porter has formally disclaimed, as ap pears upon the public records ol said office, ol which an official copy is hereto annexed, and also a copy of his claims. In the National Inttlligenter of tbe 35th instant Mr. Porter announces thai he haa secured by patent the "exclusive right to malung gas from wood," and threatens prosecution to all parties infringing his pateni. 1 ask bow ibis statement comports wilh the fart of my patent of December, 1831, and how far the threat t:an intimidate under suck circumstances ? Mr. Porter's claim is based upon a movable perforated diaphragm, and was so understood by the Pateni Office, as it appears from the records of ihe Patent Office that his claim was at fir?l refused as interfering wilh a prior pateni to Robert Foulis, of Canada, for an equivalent contrivance. This^laim, as given be low, and in which the perforated diaphragm is the anving clause, is what Mr. Porter calls securing the "exclusive right to making gas from wood.' The statement carries absurdity on its front, aud is a libel on ihe good sense of the Pateni Oitice If such a claim or right bad been granted, il would forbid every oo*l-kiln and charcoal manufactory .n the country. The following copies of correspondence and extracts from the records of the Patent Office will show the true state of the ease : Unites Statu Patk>t Office, August 25, 1854. Sir . In reply to your letter of this date, asking " if any patent has been granted to W. D. Porter, dated 22d August, 1854, or at any other time, or to any other person or persona securing to him or thfin " ikeexrlusive rxght of making gat from wood" and whether any such claim was made by W. D? Porter, under his application for a patent, which letters patent were issued bearing the above date, you are informed that W. D. Porter's claims are believed to be c nfined to his appara tus; and, further, this office is not aware that a patent has been sranted heretofore for the treln nw right of making gat from wood. Il would, however, be unjustifiable to expect me to make an extended investigation to answer your re quest. , . I am, respectfully, your obedient servast, C. Mason, Commissioner of Patents W. P. McConaki.u Esq., Care of Prof. C. O. Page, Washington, D. C. The United Statu Patent Office? To all potions to whom those presenti shall come, grmtng; This is to certify thsi the annexed is a true copy from the files of ibis office of an extract from s Eaper filed in the matter of the application of "W. >. Porter for letters patent, in accordance with which application letters patent were issued to the said W. b. Porter on the 22d day of August, eighteen hundred and fifty-four. In testimony whereof, I, Charles Mason, Com missioner of Pstents, have caused the seal of the Patent Office to be hereonto affixed [u s.] this 25th day of August, in the year of our Lord one thousand sight hundred and fifty four, and of (be independence of the United States the seventy-ninth. C. Mason.' Copf ?/ dtoelatmar of W. D. Porter in Au apph ra tion for " an improved ettll for maJctng wood got, filed August 5, 1&64. letters patent issued August 7U,lbM. " I do not claiin'aa my invention and diacovery the improvementa in making faa from wood, via: ?objecting the prodocta of deatructive diatillation therefrom to a highadegree of heat, aubatantially ?a ha* been deacribad nnd for the purpose* *et forth in the apAcification of W. P. McConnell." Tkt United Stair* Patent Offte?To all per ton* to ?cA tun these present i shall come greeting : Thia ia to certify that the annexed is a true copy from the recorda of thia office of an extract from the apecification of W. D. Porter'a patent, iaaued in the twenty aecond day of Auguat, eighteen hundred and fifty-four. In teatimony whereof, I, Charlea Maaon, Com* miaaioner of Patent*, hare canard the aeal of the Patent Office to be hereunto f . affixed thia twenty-fifth day of Align*!, u *1 n the year of our Lord oae thouaand eight hundred and fiAy-four, and of the independence of the United Statea the aeventy-ninth. C. Mamo*. Rnrari from 9pee\fieat%on of W. D. Porter on wktrJi Utters patent were toned August 22, 1854. Claim.?What I claim aa my invention and de air? to aecure by letter* patent ia: " The conatruction of a gaa apparatua or atill, conaiatiny af a metallic or other cylinder B, the conea E and D, diaphram plate C, and exit pipe P, substantially aa deacribed in the foregoing ape cification, and ahown ia the accompanying draw ing*." The truth of the ab*vemay be aacertained from the recorda of ihft Patent Office, to which all have actfeaa WM. P. McCONNELL, By hia attorney CHAS. GT. PAOE. Morning oowhua um and an aaaortment, at all price. for M|e by WALL fr. STEPHENS, AHI8TOBYOFGRBECG.-A History of Greece,from the curliest limes to the Roman Conquest, with supplementary chapters on the History of Literature and Art. By Wm, Smith, LL. D., editor of the Dictionaries of "Greek and Roman Antiquities" "Biography and Mythology," and " Geograpny." With notes, and a continuation to the prevent time. By C. C. Felton, LL.D.. Eliot Professor of Greek Literature iu Harvard University. The above work is intended principally for schools of the higher classes. Just received and for sale at the Bookstore of R. FARNHAM, corner oi Pennsylvania avenue and 11th street. Aug 21. RS. JAMKSON'H NEW BOOK.?A common-place hook of Thoughts, Memo ries and Fancies, original and selected, by Mrs Jameson. Price 75 cents. Leaves from a Family Journal, from the French ofEmilie Souvestre, author of " the Attic Philo sopher in Paris." Paper, SO cents; cloth, 75 cents. Theory and Practice of Landscape Painting in water colors, illustrated by a series of 24 designs, colored diagrams of numerous wood cuts, uith two extra plates of simultaneous contracts, by George Barnard. Price $5. Just received at TAYLOR & MAURY'S Bookstore, June 7 near 9th st. Modemn jlanguagbs^-d. e. urou. a native of France, tencner of Modern Lan ^uages, especially French, Spanish, and German Sranslationt- made with correctness and punctu ity. Professor of Numesmatics, for the classifi cation and explanation of medals and coins. Pennsylvania avenue, south side, between flth nd 7th streets, opposite Brown's Hotel. Furnished Rooms to rem at thai placr. &cp 21?dtf P| ltOSPECTUS.?SOUTHERN CONSEK vative Magazine.?When new aspirants for popular favor are announced, the public have a right to demand the grounds upon which aucb show o! title to their patronage is made. In ac knowledgment of this, we trace the customs ol parties in the avowal of principles; of religious sects, in the promulgation of creeds; and of per sons in all pursuits of life, dependent upon the public for success, in their preparatory expositions of plans and purposes. The customs thus origin ating, though sometimes abused, are useful and proper, and should not be discarded. And when, in obedience to custom, new plans are proposed, those appioving ought not to withhold their en couragement, as too many do, until they see that success i? sure, for their aid may be needed to secure it. Such a foolish policy as this jeopar dizes the plan they approve, and hastens its failure: it has defeated many important enterprizes, and has deprived the country of good and useful works. If a new proposition of any kind is approved by the public, the support of those approving is of ? right expected, their approval being solicited only" in the v\ew that their more substantial aid will not be withheld. BRIEF OUTLINE OF THE PLAN OF THE PROPOSED PERIODICAL. The Southern Conskkvativk Magazine will occupy grounds but little cultivated by American maga7<nists. It is believed that a field is open for a periodical of a new and, in some respects, a high *r order thau has bean aimed at in our maga zine literature. In ("his belief, and with such an aim, we announce the Southern Conservative Magrcine. ... Tbe new magazine will be national and not sect'onal; claiming no merit by virtue of its es tablishment in the South, but aiming at a higher usetulness and a more general accsptability. It will be Protestant, but not sectarian; opposing religious bigotry or intolerance on the one side, and infidelity on the other?laboring in iU teach ings to advance a closer union between the several branches of the great family of the church. It will be political, but liberal; owing no slavish allegiance to parties or politicians, it will advocate mersures, not men, and will labor only for the success of principles. J twill be progressive, yet sternly opposed to tht reckless spirit of innovation so rife in tbe country?aiming to elevate and advance, not de pies?; to reform and improve, not to destroy; sacredly adhering to tbe true intent of our great republican theory, and laboring to advance it to its fullest development. It will be truly American in tone and sentiment, but will repudiate nothing foreign, merely because so; believing that the good, the useful, and true I etong not, par excellenoe, to any favored people, Sut are the common right of all. It will be the organ of pure conservatism. It will encourage a high-toned literature, and defend pure morals in all the social relations of life. . And it will number in its corps of regular com tributors some of the ablest political and literary writers of the country. The magazine will be printed on the finest quality of psper, with new type, and in a plain but superior style. Eaeh number will contain not less than jO large octavo pages, made up of original articles, con tributed and editorial ?reviews, political and?. scientific essays, romances, poetry, Ate. We promise much for the new magazine, and we intend to perform it all, and more, if the read ing public will give the enterprise a liberal en couragement. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. The Southern Conservative Magazine will be issued, the first of each month, from the office of publication, Nashville or Knoxville, Tennessee, and will be furnished to susenbers at four dollars a year, or three dollars If psid punctually in ad vance. Publication will be commenced the 1st of January. Addresa orders to the ?tdiior ?B'I proprietor. w T. HEUMi , Knoxville. Tennessee May 31. W>3. oeoiiob r. rox, New York Metropolitan Tailoring Eatab IkatinaenU UNITED 8TATES MILITARY AND NA*VAL DEPOT, B81 Brosdwt)') oppjoalta th? Metropolitan Hotel. SIM IR: Allow me the pleaaureof placing my name before your notice, at tbe same time offering you my best services as a Tailor, together with the resource# of my store, for the supply of Military si** llsvy U?ltonssa, Caltsd States Cosinl ?nd Oltissa'i Dreae. I am now engaged making uniforms for the Mili tary, Navy, and Marine Corps, also the Revenue, according to the written and printed instructions snd official drswinga, to the Istest regulations, as received by me from the Stat?, Navy, and War Departments, in Washington, D. C. If you should feel disposed to favor me with any orders, you may rest assured of receiving experienced atten tion and accurate fitting. The very b?B Knglish snd preach Cloths, Caasimerea, Oold Lace, T re Me Gilt Buttons, Arc, fco, all at the lowest possible cost for cash. I have, at very areat expense, em ployed first rate Artists, as Gold Embroiderers. Sillt, Moleskin, IVaver Chapeao, Cloth Cap, and General Regimental Ornament Maker*; Eng lish, French, and American Coat Catteea, V#nt Cutters, Pantaloona tuit?r?. I heKevo I am doing one of the largest Military and Navy Officers' Clothing and Outfitting buainess la the United Statea, and can refer you to many Oiosrt, my customers, sttached to the Artillery, Uragoona, Infantry, Ordnance, and Engineers, Ate I am also personslly known to many of the Navy Officers attached to ships of war; namely,the North Cano lina Mississippi, Princeton. Powhatan, San Ja cinto, St. Lawrence, Brandywine, Vtncennes, Vandalia, Congress, Germantown, Independence, Macedonia, Fulton, Lexington. Fredoaia, Coaati tution, Cyane. Helief. Perry, Porpoise, including Gentlemen, the Heads of the Executive Depart menta, Membera of both Houses of Coafrtaa, also, Ministers Plenipotentiary, Secretaries and Attache* pt Legation*, tht English, Fr?ilOo, ftM other PQfteign Military and Navy services. I have the honor to subscnlw mfsell. Yours, grateful and obligr*r GEORGE P. FOX. We hear it ia the intenttoa of Mr. POX to visit oflr city a few days henoe. Jan 15?3tif rr (IB FAILURE of Free Society.?Soci JL ology lor the South, or the Failure of Free Society, by George Fitzhugh. On sale at TAYLOR & MAURV'S Book Store, near 9th street. WATER-COLOR PICTURES.? Messrs. TAYLOR & MAURV beg to an nbuuce that, at the auggeatiou of several of our caucus, the pictures now on exhibition at their store will be raffled for. Eleven prises ; sixty chances, at $5. April 12 Bookstore, near Ninth street. NEW WORK, by the Author of the Heir of Redclytie. The Castle Builders, by the author of the Heart's Ease, in paper covert; price 50 cents ; bound, 15 cents. ? Just published and for sale at TAYLOR & MAURY'S March 31 Bookstore, near Ninth street. DON'T FAIL TO CVULL AT HOOD'S if y&u wish to purchase anything in the way 4l hue American, London, or Geneva watcher, (that can be relied on for the true time,) rich gold jewelry, pure silver ware, dcc., Sec., and save from If* to 25 per cent, ae he is now receiving his Fall supply, which will be sold at the lowest wholesale rates. Fine watches and jewelry repaired, and war ranted to give satisfaction. H. O. HOOD'S Pa. avenue, between 4J and tith streets, sign ot the large spread eagle. rn H E SONS OP THE SIRES, A HIS X lory of the Rise, Progress, and Destiny of i lie American Party, and its probable influence ou the next Presidential election, to which is added a Review of the Letter of the Hon. Henry A. Wise against the Know-nothings, by an Ame rican. The History of Mason and Dixon's Line, con tainedMu an Address delivered by John H. B. Latrobe, of. Maryland, before the Historical So ciety of Pennsylvania, November 8,1854. Mirana .Elliot, or the Voice of the Spirit, by S. M. H. Autobiography of Charles Caldwell, M. D.,with a Preface, Notes, and Appendix, by Harriet W. Warner. Just received and for sale by R. FARNHAM, Corner of Penn. avenue and 11th street. Feb 15 HARPER'S MAGAZINE for September is a magnificent number, filled with superior engravings, and for sale at Shiixinoton's book store. The great Illustrated Magazine of Art for Sep tember is one of the best that has been issued. Leslie's Ladies' Gazette for September contains all the new Fall fashions. The Knickerbocker Magazine for September Godey's Lady's Book, Graham's Magazine, ana Putnam's Magazine, all for September, received and for sale at SHILLINGTON'S Bookstore, PINE WATCHES * RICH JEWELRY, HO. HOOD, Pennsylvania avenue, between # 4J and 6th streets, has just returned from ihe north with a good assortment of the most rich and fashionable Jewelry in the market, which he purchased for cash at very low prices, and now ot lers tor sale the same, at wholesale or retail, much cheaper than goods of like quality have ever been sold for in this section of oountry. Please call at his store, sign of the large spread eagle. N. B. Special attention paid to the repairing of watches by W. W. Hollingsworth. ' ' T>OOR'9 RAILROAD MAP OP THE x UNITED STATES."?This celebra ted Map, recently eulogized by Lieutenant Mau ry, in his "Virginia Letters," is on sale at TAYLOR Ac MAURY'S Dec 1 Bookstore, near Ninth street. SOUTHERN BOOK.?Origin of the Con stitution ; Incorporation of the General Gov ernment by the Ststes; as national public agents in trust, with no sovereignty ; History of Copart nership Territories from the Virginia Deed, 1784, to the Treaty with Mexico, 184b; Division of the Public Lands ; Specific Duties; Origin and History ?ftbe Puritans; Origin and Cause of Trouble be tween the North and South, and Jeopardy of the Republic; Legal mode of Redress pointed out; by W. B. Davis, Wilmington, North Csrolina. Prioe Two Dollars. ? ?if Sale at BISHOP'S Periodical Store, No. 216 Penqsylvmia avenue, adjoining Willard's Hotel. New books received at mixiIs lington's Bookstore? The Dodd Family, by Charles Lever, author of t'harlea O'Mailey. Nehind the Scenes, by Lady Balwer Lytton. The Lamplighter, one of the moot fascinating hook* ever written. Everything in the Book, Newspaper, and 8ta oaery line lor sale at JOE SHILLINGTON'S Bookstore, Odeon Building, corner 4| street and Pa. avenue. TO MEMBERS OF CONGRESS AND STRANGERS. WATCHES.?Member* of Coagreaa and others ia want of perfect timekeepers would do welt to make their selections at once, In order to test tbeir quality before leaving the city. Our assortment for-both Ladies snd Gentlemen wii never so oomplete as st present, embracing 'very description, which we ofTer unusually low. M. W GALT Ar BROTHER. Penn. avenue, between 9th snd 10th streets. Jsn lb DANIEL WEBSTER.?Meaara. Taylor fie MAURY hare a few of the original sub scribers' oopie* of the works of Daniel Webster, printed on very fine isnpensl paper, ia which Mr. Webster inscribed his nsme. six volumes; price $20. T. Ac M. are the only booksellers in the United Slates who have any copies ia their possession. Mar 11 Bookstore near 9th st. Treble patent improved eye let Machine. First patent combined on oee stock. Second patent, self-feeding in the eyelets. Third patent, pateut improved fsstener, riveting both sides All parties in want ol a good Eyelet Machine ?re strongly recommended to u*e none but "Lip oma's Patent Improved,'1 which ia decidedly the bant aver brought before the public, possessing numerous advantages, via: It is strong, ^durable, snd not lisble to get out of order. It punches the hole well and to fit the Eyelet, and in one operation clinches the Eyelet on both sides. It saves time, a* the papers, dec., need net be revefoed or turned over to clinch the Eyelet a second time, as ia tht ease Willi all other ma ohiaes. It is useful to the merchant in filing away paper*,*as well as to the attorney or conveyancer, the shoaiaker, tailor, mibaor, and numerous ethers, and is a very Isbor-saving mschme. Agents for Washington. TAYLOR * MAURY, Book and Stslionery Store, near 9th st. Msy 94 READY MADE CLOTHING A T REDUCED PRICK*?Aa the ara.M ./V, ia advanced, we have determined to fell ofl the remaining portion of our winter stock at greatlyreduced prices; therefor*gestlemaa wish tag to consult economy in purchaamg fine Over coats, Talmas Dress, frock, and Businea* Coat*; Black aad Fancy Cashmere Pants; Velvet, Silk, Satis, and Meriao Yeats; Uader Skirts aad Drawers, aad all other ready made garments of fine quality, wilt And our present variety to be a* well assorted as in the beginning ol the season, with the advantage of much lower prices. WALL & STEPHENS, tffi Pa a van u a, next to Iron Hali Fab 94 gathbhi3mo? FKOM OCR EXCUANUKH. The Wealth, of Minnesota.?As an evi dence of the wealth and industry of Minnesota, we are informed that one hundred million feet of pine lumber in the log were put into differ ent streams in one district jast year. The Committee on Commerce in the United States House of Representatives state the amount of pecuniary loss incurred at the port of New York, iu the years 1854-5, at $10,000,000. Ia the three small Stales which last voted, New Hampshire, Connecticut, and Rhode Island, the aggregate Democratic gain is over twenty thousand. A correspondent of the Rural New Yorker writes that he has for several years practised coloring white butter with carrots. It adds looks, flavor, and price of the article. He puts the carrot to soak over night, after it is, grated, and is governed by the quality and of the amount of cream to be colored. Mr. Douglas's bill providing that when Kansas has the requisite population, she may enter into the Union with such a constitution as she may adopt, without reference to the slavery question, will undoubtedly pass the Senate, and the Washington Star states that it will also have a clear majority in the House. A Man Buried Alive in a Coal Bank. A coal bank, a short distance from Zanesville, (Ohio,) cavcd in on Friday last, and shut in four men. An immense number of people, at last accounts, were engaged, amid much ex citement, iu trying to dig them out. The pris oners had a basket of provisions, and it was supposed would hold out until rescued, although they were nearly a fourth of a mile from the mouth of tfie pit. Florence Nightingale, the woman be loved of all men and all nations, for her noble humanity, has been gazetted officially as Di rectress-General of all hospitals in the-British dominions. No nurses can for the .future be appointed iu any public hospitals without her sanction. She has been ill from a fall, but is quite recovered. The Price of a license to retail liquor in Dempolis, Ala., has been raised to $10,000. Liquor must command a high price down there! Bad for the Apothecaries.?The report of the New York Homcepathic Dispensary gives the result of 754 cases treated at their in firmary by the physicians, at the ' of only $4 ,81 for medicine though the prtov. iptions given amount to 3,049. Peach Tree Borer?Taney.?We saw it stated, two years ago, in an agricultural journal that these pests could be driven from peach trees, by Tansy. We planted it at the roots of ten or twelve trees, and not one of them have been disturbed, whilst others are injured badly. This spring we intend planting it around all. Forced to Leave.?The Leesburg Wash ingtonian, speaking of the departure of Fran cis II. Ray from that county, says: It was Dot a voluntary act upon his part, and it is due to the citizens of the (Goose Creek) neighborhood to state, that they required Mr. Ray to leave, as they determined not to retain in their midst aa individual whose Abolition discussions were obnoxious to the public, and of mischievous tendency." A chimney has just been completed at Preston, England, which is two hundred and fifly-eight feet in height; width at foundation, thirty four feet; and forty thousand bricks have been used in building it. The Cyclopedia of Modern Travel, on which Bayard Taylor is engaged, is to be com pleted in Ju n*, after which Mr. Taylor will re turn to Europe, to speud two years, principally in Sweden, Norway, and Russia. On the 20th of March, the Emperor and Empress of Austria washed the feet of twenty four old people, viz: Twelve old women and twelve old men. The oldest of the women eighty-nine, and the youngest eighty three ; the oldest of the men was ninety-one, and the youngest eighty-two; the ages of the twenty-four combined, amounted to two thou sand and fifty-two years. An Ancient Jjind Patent.?We have been shown a land patent, drawn up in the year 1734, in the reign of Queen Anne, and at the time of the Governorship of Alexander 8pottswood over Virginia. The patent settles upon one Stephen Chasteane, the sole right and proprietorship of a certain two hundred and Jiffy acres of land, situated in the good county of ITenrico, and for which the said Stephen Chasteane paid the enormous sura of thirty xhUlingtI or about six dollars. A prize fight took place in Massachusetts, at a retired spot, near the town of Medford, be twecn Ned Price, of London, and a man named Colbert, of New York, for a purse of $300. The parties fought 155 rounds in 3J hours, when both combatants being blind, and sa vagely mauled, tbey were separated by their respective friends, through fear of a fatal ter mination if the fight was continued. Aewcpapcr Folding Machine,?We have recently added to the machinery of our office a folding machine, manufactured by S. II. Weeks, of Columbus, Ohio. It is a great sav ing of time, labor and expense. It enables us to dispense with the services and annoyance of a number of boys, that were hitherto re quired to fold our paper. The folding is done more neatly, accurately, and with greater uni formity than it can be done by hand. The machine is compact, simple, and substantially made. The entire frame work is of iron, the rollers of wood. It can l?e regulated so as to fold tbem at the rate of 2,700 per hour'. Every newspaper Laving a large, circulation would find one of these machines very economical.? Louisville Journal. , Emigrants for Kansas.?The George town Times of Wednesday says : "Some twen ty-three men under the leadership of Mr. J. K. Alston, leave here this morning, to be joined by four others in Charleston, on their way to Kansas. These men go for the purposo of making that distant Territory their permanent home. They go to stand or fall with the des tiny of Kansas ; and we wish them all ? plea sant trip and happy home hi that distant land." We understand that Georgetown District is largely ahead of any other district in the State in her collections?Charleston not excepted.? Mercvry. . The Japan Pea.?The editors of the Philadelphia ledger have recently seen a plant from one of these peas, raised by Mr. W. L. Shaeffer, which had upon its branches about four hundred pods, the larger .portion of which contained from two to three peas each, or a yield of aboat one hundred per cent. This is from a single pea, in a single year's growth, and is something worthy of noticfe. If each pea possessed the qualities of reproduction in the same degree as the one referred to, there would be in the second year's growth nearly half a million of pods and a million of peas. Ho! for Kansas.?The Hagerstown (Md.) Mail says, "within the past week over a hundred persons have left this county for the west, many of whom, we believe, intend to plant their stakes in Kansas. The emigration west from this county this spring has been very heavy, and, judging from what we hear and see, it has by no means abated. After awhile what remains of us will have " elbow roos:." The Camels.?The Indianola (Texas) Bulletin of the 12th inst., says workmen are now busy in erecting enclosures for the camels that are now daily expected at that port, for service on the Western plains. The building iB to be 200 feet long by 20 feet in width, and the enclosure will cover 10 acres of ground. It is propoaed-to keep the animals at this place several months, to recruit them. Some of the animal^were presented by the Viceroy of Egypt to our Government, but most of then) werepro cured by Major Wayne and Capt. Porter, under the appropriation made for the purpose at the last session of Congress. We learn that, there are some Arabs along with them to take care of them. The Famine in the Cape de Verde j Islands.?Lieutenant Washington A. Bartlett writes to the New York Courier and Enquirer a letter, exhibiting the sad condition of the in habitants of these Islands, from which it ap pears that if they are not relieved speedily, some 30,000 souls are certain to perish of star vation. The gallant officer proposes that a ship be provided, which he offers to man and navi gate at his expense, provided she be freighted with food for the suffering population of the Islands. He also offers to contribute in addi tion one hundred bushels of corn. He asks the press throughout the country to notice the appeal aud asks his friends Mr. Wolf, President of the New York Corn Exchange, and Mr. Henry Grinnell, to aid him in puttiug to sea with a ship loaded with supplies as early as possible. It is a curious circumstance that a real magnifying glass, identified by Sir David Brew ster as decidedly and designedly such, was re cently found by Mr. Layard in one of the tem ples of Ninevah. Emancipation qf Slaves.?We learn that by the will of Mr. James Kelley, of Lan caster county, Virginia, all his slaves, amount ing to about forty five, have been emancipated. His executors are now in this city making arrangements for their outfit and embarkation to Liberia, in the vessel which is soon to fail from this port. Trade with Africa.?American mer chants are not wont to be blind to their interests, but a few facts concerning the exports of Western Africa into the city of Liverpool dur | ing the past year are a very significant hint in that direction. In four years the exports of Palm oil alone to Qreat Britain have increased about 15,000 tons, amounting last year to 30, 000 tons total exportation to that country, value $8,000,000. A steamer recently conveyed from Cape Coast Ca4fe 8,000 ounces of gold, equal to $140,000. Other articles of African pro dace are also rapidly comingjntO favor and use in England and in France. In the course of ten years there will be, beyond all doubt, a very large and highly lucrative commerce between >the Republic of Liberia and the Kingdom of Great Britain. Cough's Description of Cold Water,? "Look at that liquid which has been produced from the clear distillery of nature," (holding a glass of water.) "The Eternal Father of us all has brewed it for his children. It has been produced, not in filthy distilleries, but in beau tiful fragrant places. It has been brewed down in yon grassy de^l, where the deer linger and the rippling rills sing their wild lullaby; or away upon the mountain tops where the blaz ing sun has lighted It up with the heavenly fire; or afar off upon the ocean, where showers and storms are born. It sparkles in the ice gem. It makes the graceful frost tissure on the moon light plays. It dallies in the cataract; weaves the *now wreath and the emerald settings on the mountain peak. It never injures, but al ways does good. It is blessed always at even ing and at morning. It is ever beneficial and kind. God made it glorious. Take and drink. Take the pure liquid which God our Father gave us. Take it as it is?bright, beautiful, and blessed." Mr. Scheutz, of Stockholm, has invent. ed a calculating machine, which is exciting the attention of the learned and curious. ? ASHINGTON SMSeL BEVERLEY TUCKER, KDITOK AND PROPRIETOR. FOR PRE8IDEN T; JAMBS BUCHANAN, OF PENNSYLVANIA. Subject to the Decision of the National Con vention. Naval.?Michael Quinn, Chief Engi neer UnitecT States Navy, has been ordered to Superintend the repa'rs of the United States Steamer Powhatan, at the Gosport Navy Yard. The steamer Merrirnac, we learn, will go in dock previous to her departure for Europe. The United States sloop of-war Levant, Com modore Charles C. Turner, sailed from the Cape of Good Hope, Feb. 4th, for the East Indies. United States Steamer Saranac, aijd frigates Congress and Constellation were at Genoa 6tb, to sail next week. The United States frigate Savannah, from La Plata, was at Rio on the 16th ulL ? Ginger Beer.?Two gallons of ginger beer may be made as follows: Put two gallons of cold water into a pot upon the fire; add to it two ounces of good ginger bruised, and two pounds of white or brown sugar. Let all this come to the boil, and continue boiling for about half an hour. Then skim the liquor and pour it into a jar or tub, along with one sliced lemon and half an ounce of cream of tartar. When nearly cold, put in a teacupful of yeast to cause the liquor to work. The beer is now made; and after it has worked for two days, strain it and bottte it for use. Tie down the corks firmly. Amos Lawrence's Pocket Book.?"Fath er Taylor," of Boston, said in a public address: I have this day seen Mr. Amos Lawrence's pocket-book. It is such a pocket-book as was never made before. On one fold of it is printed in gold letters, ''What shall it profit a man if he gain the whole world and lose his own soal?" You open another fold and read, "The gold is mine, saith the Lord of Hosts." On still an other fold is printed, "He that giveth to the poor lendeth to the Lord." i asked Mr. Law rence what all this was for. He told me that he remembered that as men grew old they some times grew selfish, and every time he looked at his money he wauted to be reminded of the Gos pel, by which he ought to use his worldly goods, and therefore he kept money in each of thosa folds of his pocket-book, for all good uses which Divine Providence might suggest. The Female Husband.?The female hus band who has created so much excitouient at Syracuse, N. Y., and was sentenced to ninety days in the penitentiary, wss brought before a Judge on Friday, under a writ of habeas cor pus, and discharged. She thanked the Judge, and remarked that she would make some reve lations in a few days that would astonish the community. She has promised to give the Standard a history of the whole affair, and that paper advises its readers to prepare fnr "aston ishing developments" and "stand fro :t under." Startling Phenomena.?Mr. John Par ker, and son, were attending to some fish Hoes on the river about 3 miles above here, when they were surprised by a continuous, unusual roar ing towards the middle of the stream?the night was without wind. Owing to the darkness, no effort was made to ascertain the cause of this strange noise until daylight, when it was seen that a whirlpool of large extent was in active operation, some 200 yards from the Missouri shore, which still oontinues in operation, draw* ing in s great body of water. So much, indeed, (hat the volume of the river below is sensibly lessened. Drift-wood and large floating logs go in and disappear totally. Many hundreds went up yesterday to see this strange sight. Unless this immense chasm soon fills up with water, the effect upon navi gation will be Calamitous indeed, for it would seem the bottom of tfce river has really fallen out. Tbe Committee on the Correction of ^Compasses, appointed by the Boston Board of Trade, baa reported in favor of Capt. Morris' method of overcoming the effect of local at traction in ships. It is understood thai the Captain does not profess to treat all ships in the same way; on the contrary, he states that every ship has her peculiar error, and must be treated according to the intensity of that error. Another revolting pistol has been in vented. It baa a magazine in two sections, each capable of containing seven cartridges, to that the pistol may be fired 14 limes. The cartridges are thrown into a revolving block by means of a spiral springs Tbe pistol la self capping. It is an Albany invention. A satisfactory experiment with a coal burning locomotive has been made on tbe New Jersey Central Railroad. The high price of wood and the difficulty in obtaining a supply, has rendered neceaaary some mode by which a cheaper material might be used for purposes of I fuel on railroads. Anecdote of Jiotkscktld.?Anselm de Rothschild, of Frankford, during the stormy days of 1848, when all Europe was heaving with tbe theories of the popular volcano, was accosted by four stalwsrt leaders of the mob, who entered his hank, and insisted on seeing him. "You have millions on millions," said they to him, "and we have nothing; the time is come when you must^ivide with us." " Very well; what do you suppose the firm of de Rothschild is worth T*1 "About forty millions of florins." "Forty millions, you think, eh? Now there are forty millions of people in the Diet; that would be a florin apiece. Here's yours now be off with you." Cure for Cutaneous Affections.? A French physician recommends the use of po made of proto-sulphate of iron as a suitable remedy for all those diseases or affections of the skin which, in their essence, are seoretiag, and which generally occur in lymphatic tem peraments and constitutions. It is also stated that in the disease known as pyrosis, when it is unaccompanied by extensive ulceration, or organic malignant disease of the stomach, or by disease of the liver, the most marked benefit will follow the use of gallic acid.