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Washington sentinel. [volume] (City of Washington [D.C.]) 1853-1856, May 13, 1856, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82014835/1856-05-13/ed-1/seq-1/

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" ?* # s
3- . T U I - W K K K LI. so'm
Ward'* Unlldlaf, mm the CapUoI,
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Weekly 2 00
To Club* or Individuals, subscribing to Jive or
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All advertising for a leas time than three montha,
will be at the usual rates?SI per square (or the
first three insertions, aud twenty-five cents for
each subsequent issue.
l^t^Letters on business should be addressed
to John Shaw, Sentinel office, Washington.
I,, tuMi TO
Time between Washington and Wheeling
but 17 1-a hours!
Running time between Washington and Cinein
nati 27 hours!!
Through Tickets aud Baggage Checks o be had
in Washington!!'
HAVING greatly Improved Its Western
connections now offers the fullest induce
ments to travellers between Washington, Balti
more, and all portions of the West, ihe Northwes
and the Southwest.
The connection between the trains from Wash
ington aud the trains bound west from Baltimore
is always promptly made at the Washington Juno
tion (lately called the Relay House) y miles from
Baltimore. This is the only change of cars re
quired between Washington and the Ohio river.
Baggage is checkid through to Wheeling hi the
Washington station, and recheckcd uud tiatisler
red there, (W'lh the passengers) without charge,
for those holding through tickets for points beyoud.
The connecting irnins leave Washington daily at
6 a. ni. and 4} p. in. On Sundays at the latler
hour only.
At Wheeling direct connection is made with the
trams of the CENTRAL OHIO RA1 I.ROAD, run
ning from Bellairre on the Ohio, near Wheeling,
through Cambridge, Zanesville aud Newark, to
COLUMBUS. These trains connect at Newark
with the car* of the Newark. Mansfield and Sand,
u?ky Railroad for Sandusky, Toledo, Detroit
Chicago, St. Louis, etc.
Al Columbus the C. O. Railroad trains connect
w.ith the last trains of the Little Miami Railroad
Xmia (on Lulle Miami Railroad) connection is
lormid with the trains through fiayton, to IND1
ANAPOL1S, Terre Haute, I.afnyette. Chicago
Bock Island, St. Louis, etc.
ID- Passeugcrs holding through tickets tor
Afern phis, VuAsburg, Natchez, Nrto Orleans ct3.
which are also sold at Washington, are transfer
red at Cincinnati to the Mail Steamers on the Ohio
Tickets for Evansville, Cairo, and St. Louis are
sold by this ronte.
117- FOR CLEVELAND, and via Cleveland to
Toledo, Detroit, Chicago, etc., tickets are sold,
wheu the Ohio is navigable between Wheeling and
WelUville (forty miles) where a connection with
the Cleveland aud Pittsburg Railroad is mad?.
Travellers are requested to notice that while
this is the only route affording through tickets and
checks in Wsshington, it is also the shortest, most
speedy, aud direct to nearly all the leading points
in the great West. The distance from Washing
ton to Cincinnati is but 653 miles, being al>out 100
miles shorter than by any other route !
WASHINGTON: To Wheeling, $W 50; Columbus,
41.) 65; Dayton. ?15 .'>0; Cincinnati, $16; Louis
ville, by railroad, $18 65; by steamer front Cincin
nati. $18; Indianapolis, $17 50; Cleveland, $12 15;
Toledo, $15 80; Detioit, $15 20; Chicago $*) 65
and $1V 50; St. Lonis, $28 V) and $25, Memphis
$v6; New Orleans, $31, etc.
mont, Oakland, and Fairmount. passengers may
leave Washington al 6 a. m. or 4| p. m. For the
minor wav stationsItelween Baltimore and Wheel
ing, take 6 a. hi. train from Washington
117* For trains to ?nd from Baltimore, Annapolis
eta., see special advertisements.
IDT Kor further information, through tickets,
Arc., apply to T1IOS. U. PARSONS, Agent at
Wsnhingtoo Station. JOHN li DONE,
Msster of Transports ion
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. Bulli tore
May 5?ly
Leave WmHidkIov H 0 snd a. in., and 3 and
41 p. m.
Leave Baltimore at <1 and l*| a. in., and 3 and
J4 p. m.
On Sundaya the only train from Baltimore ia
that leaving at 41 a. nt., and Iroro Washington at
44 p. m.
May 4?if. T. H. PARSONS, Agent
THE next Annual Mea?k>M of tlila lustl
tution will commence no the 1st of October,
and continue until May following.
Hugh H. McGuire, M. L>., Professor of Surgery
and Physiology , J. Philip Smith, M. D., Professor
of Frsctice of McdiriM and Obstetrics; Alfred
B. Tucker M. D., Professor of Anatomy, Chem
iatry, and Materia Medica.
Fees for the whole courae, $100: matriculation
fee. >') i dissecting ticket, (once only,) 910 ; diplo
ma Ice, #'<*>?
The courae puraued ia that of daily examina
tion* on the preceding lecture ; generally but two
and never more than three lecmrea are delivered
during the day. The atudy of practical anatomy
may be puraued at a trifling expenae. Clinical
lectures delivered during the aeaaion.
Ry a recent act of the General Aaaembly, the
College educaiea fif\nn young men from ihe State
of Vrrgima, free ol all espenae for tuition, iiso.of
room* Arc. It ia required that applicants ahould
be o< good, moral character, ami unable to pur
sue their atudiea at their own expeaae. For fur
ther informal 10a apply to
May 1?fcwOI
Akuihnbntary and practical
Treati?? on Perspective for hagianora. sim
plmed for the uae of juvenile atudenta and ant a
teura in architecture, painting, tec., also adapted
for aohoola aad private instructors, fourth edition,
revised and enlnrged, by George Payne, artist;
eighty-sn illustrations, 7ft cent*.
(todiments of the Art of Building, in live *ee
liona, via : 1. Oeneral principles of eonatruetioa;
'A. Materials used in bnilding; 3 Strength of ma
terials; ?. Uae of materials; 6. Working drawings,
specification*, and estimatea, illustrated with 111
woodcuts, by Edward Dobaon, author of the Rail
ways of Belgium, tec.
Klement* of Mechanism, elucidating the aciei
lite principle* of the practical construction ot
machines, for the use of school a and students in
mechanical engirtoehe<|, with numerous speci
mens ol modern mac hines remarkable for their
utility and ingenuity, illustrxted with SI43 engrav
ing*, l>y T. Baker, author of Railway Engineering,
Juat received, aad for sale at the Bookstore ot
R. FARNHAM, career of I Ith street and Penn
sylvan is avenue.
Rfowa, Stanton, and Walker.
and J. KNOX WALKER, have formed a
partnership for practising law iu the Supreme
Courl or the United States, and the Court ot
Claims in Washington, and ia the Courts of Ten
nessee. Offices iu Washington and Memphis.
One of the parties will always be found at either
place, and letters addressed to them will receive
prompt attention. April 21?ti'eod
ber having determined to discontinue teach
ing school, oilers for Lease or Reut the Rappa
hannock Academy, which he wishes to dispose ol
for the next four years. There has been u school
at the place for forty years. It is situated seven
teen miles below Fredericksburg, immediately ou
the road between that place i nd Port Royal.
The locality oan be surpassed by none for beauty
or healthfulness, is supplied with all necessary
buildings,-which are in good repair and will ac
commodate seventy borders.
Teachers wishing to keep a boarding school,
will do well by calling to see the place before
bargaining elsewhere.
Address the subscriber at Port Royal. Cat >lint
county, Virginia.
MISS BROOKE, front Philadelphia, will
lor young Ladies, on Monday, S*pt*t*6*r 10th,
lt>55, at No. 138, Penu. Avenue, corner ol
Seven Buildings and 19th street. Miss BROOKE
will be assisted by the most pompetent Profes
sors iu every department.
A French lady, recently from Paris, is engagt-d
as a resident governess, and every means will be
useu to accomplish her pupils iu that language.
Drawing will be taught iu various and elegant
" My friend, Miss Brooke, is a most estimable
lady, of great intelligence, whose qualifiations as
a tescher, and whose accomplishments iu English
literature, entitle her to high confederation.
"Miss Brooke is well known to me as a lady
who is entirely cspuble of conducting successfully
the education of young ladies, and iu every way
worthy ol the patronage of parent*.
The Right Rev ALONZO POTTER, D. D.,
LL. D.,
Right Rev. G. W. DOANE, D. D., LL D.
Professor A. DALLAS BACHE, Supt. Coast
Professor JOSEPH HENRY, Sec'y of Smith
soian Institution.
Gen. JOHN MASON, Washington, D. C.
JOHN S. MEEHAN, Esq., Librarian to Con
<7iL JAMES CAMPBELL, P. M. General.
Hon. ELLIS LEWIS, Chief Ju?iice of the S.
Court, Pa.
Hon. G. W. WOODWARD, Associate Jud-^
of the S. Court of Penna.
Hon. GEORGE VAIL, M. C., N.Jersey.
Lieut. M. F. MAURY, LL. D., U. S. Obse.
Circulars stating the terms to be bad at the
principal Book Stores, or of Miss Brooke, No
13b Pa. Avenue.
August 30?3tawlm.
Oue price and full supply guarantied.
THE Subscriber, having" succeeded in filling
all his houses with Ice of a very sujMsrior
quality, and haviag the most extensive facilities
for conducting the trade, is now fully prepared to
make contrscts for the ensuing season, and feels
confident that the interest of consumers will be
advanced by giving it their attention.
Persons in any part of Washington will be
supplied punctually according ts contract, either
lor the season, (vis: from 1st Msy to 1st October,
or for the entire year.
To avoid mistakes and trouble in settling ac
counia, contracts should be msde, if possible, with
the proprietor, snd not left entirely with servants
and those delivering the Ice.
Tickets il used at all must he paid for on delivery
unless otherwise arranged.
Customers leaving the city for more than ten
days at a time, by giving notice at the office, will
he entitled to a proper deduction; without such
notice no deduction will be made.
Notice of change of residence, if given at the
office, will prevent disappointment.
Complaints against drivers for neglect, carele?s
ness, or any other cause, should be msde at the
Ice kept constsntly on hand at the office, snd
oan be had in larg.j or small quantities.
Orders can be lefl at the following placea or
sent through the Post Office;
Naisn fc Palis ts, Penn. avenue and 9th street.
Z. D. GfLMAM, Penn avenue, between 6th and
7th streets.
W. 11. Gilmah, Pennsylvania avenue and 4)
Dr. T.C. McInijbk, 7th snd I streets.
Foaude Bao., Penn. avenue and llth street
Rinottr's. Seven Buildings.
Z. M. P. K no, oorner 15| snd I streets.
H. H. McPhebson, Cspitol Hill.
L. R Houmkao, Maryland avenue and 7th
F. S. Wauw, Navy Yard.
? ... Dyson, corner of Penn. avenue ie 12th
Office and Depot southwest oor. F and 12th streets.
Of Copaiba I 114 Chambers Stieet, M. *.
ENTLENEN.?The valaahle medicinal
X properties of Balsam Copaiba have long
been recognised by the faculty, but the grest dis
advantage arising from it* nauseous taste hss
hitherto prevented its administration in many
diseases lor which il is particularly adapted. The
usnsl '? modvi nytrandi of prescribing it, either
in the form of an Emulaion or Gelatinous Cap
sules, has not been found satisfactory, being liable
to some objection, either from the difficulty expe
rienced by some individuals in the deglutition of
the Capsule or the small quantity of Copaiba gen
erally found in the Emulsion.
Joyce'a tasteless solution of Copaiba ia the
moat nnlqae preparation yet introduced to the
medical profession, ss it contains 50 per orat. ol
the pure?t Para Copaiba, without taste or smell,
and M same time mixes clearly and freely with
waier, and ia pronounced by the most eminent
physiclens and analytical chemists in the old ant'
new worlds to contain all the medicinal proper
ttea of Balsam Copaiba without its disagreable
It is an efficient preparation for all diseasea ol
the mucous membranes, and particularly Gono
rhe<ra, Lencorrhma, (Heel, painful hemorrhoids,
affections, and in chronic irritation of the bladder
Sold in Waahington wholesale, bj
snd retail by Messrs. C. Stott K ('o., M 1'
Kings. Patterson tt Nairn, Ford Sr. Brothers,
D. S. Dyson, J. B. Moore, Dr. W. B. Young,
R. A. Psyne, Bury Jt Co., Navy Yard; H. M
McPherson, jr, F. S. Walsh, V. Ilnrbatigh
Benjamin Frankin, ? Mclnlirc, Dr. S. E. Ty
son, J. 8. Lovejoy, .1. W. Nairn. Wsllsce Elliott
and John A. Milburn, snd Pierpoint, Alei
and Ha.
Out 5?Cm
THE undersigned have commenced the
Tin-Wsre snd Copper business, and repair
ing generally of every article in this line, on 3d
street, two doors south of Pennsylvania avenue.
They are also prepared to execute, on the shortest
notice, snd in the most perfect msnner, models of
every description, intended to be patented.
A shsre of pstronsge is eern??4ly solicited.
From the Washington Spectator.
Some thought! upon Art.
The child which is born within the putrid
atmosphere, and it* reared among the shame
less, and wicked denizens of the Five Points,
grows up to manhood with all the vileneas of
, the locality impressed upon his character; in
rascality he finda the means of livelihood ; in
ribaldry and drunkenness he passes his days.
He ha* no soul to lead him out of the depths
of Bin to which he has been accustomed, and
! his ambition is to dig deeper and grovel lower,
' into the very dregs of pollution.
The child born withiu the influence of a
christian home, and reared by the bauds of
kindness, arrives at man's estate with the no
bility of human nature patent upon his brow.
His pursuits have noble ends in view, he seeks
associations which will guide his footsteps in
the right path towards the goal of the earthly
race?happiness. Love actuates him in his
j intercourse with his fellows; and the ambition
of a good name guarantees that at the end of
a well-spent life he shall attain to an eternal joy. P
The successive generations of a people gov
erned by the trill of the pasxiotix, and untaught,
except in the rude uses of the weapons of the
chase and war, will sink lower and lower in
j tbeir ignorance and barbarism, and, wasting
away, will pass from earth, leaving no page of |
history inscribed with a worthier record than a
mere name. ,
But the people who are ruled by the will of |
the intellect, and who love and encourage the
peaceful arts, do not pass away. As years roll
by, they increase in numbers, strength, and
wisdom; they gild proud names upon the scroll
of fame: and history's brightest pages will be
the record of their high aims and great accom
We have always believed it to be entirely
within the constitutional province of our na
tional Government to encourage the arts of|
sculpture and painting; if not for the extended
benefit!) their cultivation would confer upon the
people, at least for the decoration of the public
buildings and grounds; for the recording of the ,
important events which are the land-marks of |
our national history; and for the perpetuation
of the memory of the men who have led the
nation through the adverse storms of later
years, as well as of those who guided and sus
tained usinourearliestanddarkcst hours of need.
If to the worded record on the library shelf,
we add the colored illustration of the glowing
canvass, we have all that we need for the pre
servation of the sceues of our early history, for
our own remembrance, and for the information
of posterity. If, in 'our groves and Senate
halls, we erect, in the living marble, and the
massive bronze, the forms of the noble men
who gaye us strength and greatness we perpet
uate that outward semblance of firmness of pur
pose, consciousness of right, grandeur of char
acter, and dignity of mien, which distinguished
all of them, and which will lead those who are
to come after us, to emulate their example. If
upon the entablatures and pediments of our
public buildings we carve the symbolic expres
sions of the purposes we seek to fulfill as a
people, and the justice, righteousness and inde- .
pendence of our course among the nations of |
the world, we do that which has been sanction
ed by the customs of all time, and which, read
in the true spirit of high art, leaves an impress
for great good on tb? mind of the boholder.
Leaving this exalted sphere of the commem
orative, we come down to the merely decorative
arts, and show how extended are their influ
ences for good, and why they should be culti
vated by an intellectual people striving for a
world mastery in intelligence, happiness, and
power. The accomplishments of ornamental
art?from the simple painting of a window
shatter, or the design of a wall paper, up to the
finest of elaborately carved vines and flowers
upon cornices and capitals, have effects which
charm in some degree the senses of all who
look-upon them. The vases in our gardens,
the quaint dragons and lions which guard the
gates, the fences of fancifully twisted iron; the
grotesque gursojles and bracketsin thechurchea,
the funny looking mermen, and beautiful naiads
who do the monotonous work of holding up
strangely devised shells, into which huge do!
phins spurt the sparkling water; all the things
which imitate nature in the shapos she assumes
beyond our ordinary walks, or represent forms
not found in heaven nor earth, are agreeable to
the outward sense of sight, and, through it, sat
isfy the conceptions of the quality we call taste;
and by a breaking of the monotony of primitive
or common-place forms, afford a relief and re
creation to the overworked and wearv miud.
Some works go further, and awaken the finer
sensibilities of our natnre; onr tools are aroused,
as by a magnetic influence, to a closer sympa
thy with human kind; as we are impressed by
the design of the work before us, we feel glad
with the joyful, we laugh with the hnmorous;
weep with the sorrowing, aud share the griefs
I of those who suffer. Who ever saw a jolly
griffin, with big eyes and huge mouth, who did
not feel merry with all his fellows? A man?
| no matter how stern and prosaic a look his fea
tares may assume, cannot spend an hour with
a marble groop of revelling Bacchanals, withont
shaking off his stoicism and forgiving his ene
mies. Look at yonder group, gazing with rapt
wonder upon that image of the ideal which was
in the mind of Hiram Powers! No loud words
ia spoken, there is no shuffling of the feet, there
ia no careless laughter, and no hypocritical
blush upon the maindeo'a brow; or upon the
same group, now weeping over the whitened
farms of Bracket's Shipwrecked Mother and
! Child; they apeak not, they breathe low and
long: they move away alowly, silently, sadly,
and it is not until the shock of a sudden change
of circumstance breaks the influence of the
holy atmosphere which surrounds thcae riw
ationa, that they give an expression to opinion,
and resume an ordinary mood. See the atran-l
ger passing bv the wonderful achievement of
Uark Mills?tbe statue of Old Hickory. He
pauses; the iron sternness in the features of
the hero; the firm lip, tbe erect form, com
mand his attention, and he removes his hat a*.
in the presence of a king. He looks upon the
horse and to his thoughts come Ood'a words
to Job:
"Hast ihno given the hor?e strength?"
* * " He paweth in the valley, and re
joiceth in hia strength : he gocth on to meet the
armed men.
" He mocketh at fear, and ia not affrighted,
neither turneth he back from the aword.
"The quiver rattleth against him, the glitter
ing spear and the ahield,
" He awalloweth the ground with fierceness
and rage; neither helievcth he that it is the
sound of the trumpet.
"He saith among the trumpets, ha, ha! and
he amelleth the battle afar oft, and the thnnder
of the captains, aud the shouting."
If these arts have a tendency to develope the
kindliest principles of humanity,if they strength
en tbe bonds of love between us as man and
man; if they make ns better as individuals,
and open broader and richer fields to be culti
vated and er joyed by the intellect; if they ele
vate our souls to a comprehension and contem
plation of thinga that are above thoae of the
earth earthy, and make ua, in tbese higher as
piratious, look to a companionship with the
angels, should they not be carefully cherished
and fostered by all who be&ve that christian
men make good governmenU, and God makes
christian men?
From the New Oriea?? Delta.
CUrendon'f Despatches.
I lie Earl of Clarendon is a British Minister
j for Foreign Affairs who is likely to achieve as
j equivocal and world-wide a reputation as his
distinguished predecessor in the office?the
present Premier; and whatever charges may
be brought against him, it is exceedingly un
likely that he will be accused of timidity, irres
olution or overscrupnlosity in the exercise of
the power guarantied by, his position.
The Secretary belongs to a distinguished
family which has supplied many brilliant orna
ments to the literary and political world, but he
is decidedly a "faster" man than any of his an
cestors, and is quite as celibated as a roue as
some of his progenitors have been as statesmen,
philosophers, and historians. During his offi
cial residence in Spain be became notorious
for his eager readiuess in sacking couvents and
plundering religious institutions, and while he
held the position of Vicegerent in Ireland in
48 he signalized himself by suggesting "sci
entific agriculture" to a people dying of famine,
and fever, and misrule, and by consuming more
llayana cigars than any other statesman or
politician of his generation. He was the most
plausible "green-cropper," and most indefati
gable smoker in the country?but there his ca
pacity was supposed to halt.
Since his assumption, however, of the porte
feuille of the Secretary of Foreign Affairs, he
has displayed the higher characteristics of his
race, great capacity for business, exquisite
diplomatic tact., undeniable hardihood, and that
aplomb which is so necessary to a man who as
sumes serious responsibility in a crisis of much
danger and difficulty. lie is prompt, sharp,
and decisive. Of course, he is not very punc
tilious as to how, when or where his ideas may
be carried out; be resembles Lord i'ulroerstoii
in the possession of a stretchable and gutta
percha conscience ; he sees a goal to be at
tained, an object to be gained, and he moves
straight on to its realization without a single
deviation from the plain line before him, ener
getically, ceaselessly and fearlessly, until victo
ry is beyond a cavil or a doubt.
Much surprise has been expressed on this
side of the water, because certain despatches
of Lord Clarendon, enclosed to the Secretarv
of State of Costa Rica, were intercepted by an
American detachment under Captain Baldwin,
which offered material aid and assistance to
the government of that country in opposition
to l'atricio-Rivas and General Walker, but the
surprise is not justified by the facts. The in
fluence of the British Cabinet has been om
nipotent in Costa liica and Guatemala and
other Central American States, especially since
the passage of the Clayton-Bulwer treaty, which
has proved to be the most solemn and injurious
blunder ever committed bv a so called states
man. Since the ill-omened conjunction of the
stars of Henry Bulwcr and John M. Clayton,
tht hold of tireat Britain on the possessions
really belonging to the United States, her
property according to all rules of geographical,
commercial, and political necessity, has been
strengthened aud lighted so effectually that
no means, save those employed by Walker and
the practical expansionists of the South, could
unloose or even shake her clutch. The State
business of Costa Rica has long been conducted
under the supervision of the British Consul,
through whom even the moat trifling rainutia;
of commerce and politics are transacted, and
the hostility of the people to the United States
is factitious rather than natural, the result of
the wiles and machinations of England. With
those facts before us, it is not astonishing that
Lord Clarendon should proffer aid and help to
his allies threatened by the formidable "fili
husterism'' of Nicaragua.
Btitxhe intervention in American affairs by
an English official is not the less gross as aii
international outrage, because it is not unex
pected, not less high handed and daring as a
practical reply on the part of Europe to the
Monroe doctrine of our statesmen ; and it is
incumbent on us to take heed that our govern
ment vindicates itself before the world, and
preserves its dignity intact If such barefaced
intervention in foreign affairs as that of I,ord
Clarendon had been committed by the United
?States, we should have been charged with
piracy by every press in Europe; and it re
mains to be seen whether we will tamelv sub
mit to such conduct on the part of the British !
The Excitement at Roalhlmptou on (he
?H? Krvlm.
I he I^ondon Timet, of the 23d of April, gives
the following account of the scenes at South
ampton on the morning of the review:
i ho Meet, as now anchored, covers a space,
from pivot ships to pivot vessels, of upwards
of 12 miles.
At the time our correspondent's parcel left
| Southampton last night,the excitement existing
in reference to the grand naval display, which
takes place at Spitbead this day, had reachcd
an extraordinary height, and the town was
beseiged bv visitors from almost all parts. Not
only had London, Liverpool aud other large
towns, together with placcs adjacent, contri
buted largely their quota of sight seekers, but
numerous arrivals had taken place from our
Hrench neighbors. Hotel accommodation for
those not previously provided was entirely oot
of the question; and, although the facilities
afforded by the mail companies for supplying
numerous visitors with beds, Ac., on board their
ships were liberally contributed,yet the difficulty
to arrange for the requirement* of all was in
many instances apparent. From an early hour
till the close of the day huge trains crammed to
excess were constantly pouring into the South
western Railway station at Southampton, and
although it was imponsiMe thattb* bnsiaess of
the line could be conducted with that quiet
which is observable on ordinary occasions, yet '
we have not heard of a singlo accident. A I
little confusion existed, in one or two instaoCW, II
nt Hishopstoke Junction, hut, by the adoption
of a proper arrangement, order was very easily
resumed. The docks at Southampton pre I
sented a most picturesque appearance during !
yesterday. At the north side of the tidal basin j
were arranged six vessels belonging to the '
Peninsular and Oriental Company, and each
ship's stern being placed against the quay wall,
an easy access was provided for those who will
witness the grand spectacle by that means.
1 he R"yal Mail Company's and other ships
were likewise judiciously arranged, and a fleet
of not less than twenty large vessels were in
this dock alone. The whole of the vessels, it I
was expected, would get away by ten o'clock,
the smaller craft having the first start on ac
count of the low state of the tide. The gi
gantic steamer Himalaya took up her position
in the stream yesterday,and formed a formidable 1
companion to her Majesty's ships Pfrtereranre,
7Vfl?wi/ and Vulcan. The chartered vessels were
filling fast,although tickets conld hardly be con
sidered at a premium. Her Majesty', steamer
vyiran has been appointed to convey the For
eign Ambassadors from Southampton.
From the New Orleans Picayune.
We spoke last evening of the great meeting
at the St. Louis Hotel, to hear Mr. Soule'u
views on all'airs in Central America. It was u
great gathering for ail impromptu affair, in
tended to be informal, but converted by popular
enthusiasm into a grand demonstration. Every
appeal for the gallant men now struggling in
Nicaragua in the cause of American progress,
was responded to with vehement applause; and
the temper of our people was clearly manifested
to be unmistakably in favor of sustaining them
by liberal contributions of money and direct
support of men and arms.
Indeed the current of public feeling is run
ning irresistibly with the universal conviction
that it is also the duty and the policy of the
people of this country to aid in^the spread of
American principles in the Central Slates, and
to defend and support the American iniluences,
where they have established themselves law
fully, against the hostile combinations which
threaten to extirpate them by force. There is
a government in Nicaragua which was peace
fully under the control of our own brethren?
men of the same-blood and training with our
selves who, having been called in by a divided
and distracted people, had succeeded in creat
ing order out of chaos, and establishing an
authority with which the people were contented,
and which promised them the blessings of
pcace, political and social improvement, and
solid prosperity. They were a government de
J'acto, without an avowed opposition within the
country. There is no pretence that there was
a stale of war existing with any other Govern
ment whatever, when the new Republic -asked
to be recognised as a State in fact, and to en
joy, in its relations with our people and Gov
ernment, the simple rights which are conceded
to every organized self-existent community
which is al peace with its neighbors. A mis
taken policy at Washington rejected this claim,
and outlawed the young republic at once by re
jecting all official intercourse, and by applying
to its agents, and its efforts at strengthening
its position, by volunteer aid from this country,
the roost rigid of the rules by which the severest
customs of warfare have attempted to guard
the rights of belligerents.
Nicaragua, at peace, was treated as if she
were the object of terror and aversion?as if
the first duty of the United States were to bind
her so as to make her a helpless prey to the
first invader, and as if, to crush out the first
sparks of American spirit which had taken
hold of a Spanish American State, and begun
to awaken it with a vital and regenerating glow,
were the mission of the great North American
Republic. This is a great wrong, for which
the people of this country owe reparation to the
Nicaraguan Republic, which is now exposed to
the assaults of deadly enemies, whom our un
friendliness has encouraged to the attack, and
onr hostile measures have invested with dan
gerous advantages, to be used for the peril of
our own friends. The fury that has been kin
dred in the surrounding States against Nicara
gua, is the expression of their hatred of the
American name and race, and war they
have declared is openly proclaimed to be for
the purpose of driving the American influence
entirely out of the Isthmus; and the license
with which is avowed takes its courage from
the fact that the American Cabinet is the ene
my and persecutor of the Americans. The
public feeling here is roused to the enormity of
this position, and will soon make itself under
stood as renouncing it as unworthy of thespirit
of the age and character of the country. In- I
dilations will soon go forward, too numerous
and emphatic to leave any doubt of the senti
ments of the people themselves, and exposing
the lamentable delusion that there is anr sym
pathy here with the invaders of Nicaragua, or
those who have misused and maligned her
liberators and her rights. She needs help we j
owe it to her in reparation of injuries to which
we have never consented, in justice to a band
of gallant men, struggling in a good crfuse, in
support of doctrines and measures with which
our best and permanent interests are deeply
and vitally identified, and in homage to the
principles to which we are pledged by the his
tory and the genius of our own institutions, and
which are the only surety of their durability
among ourselves.
From the Louisiana Courier.
The Great Meeting of the Frlenda of !?t
caragua at the St. Louie Hotel.
In pursuance of an invitation, we attended
last night a meeting of the friends of Nicaragua
at the St. Louis Hotel. It was described in the
card as " informal, but when we reached the
place, at 8 o clock, the usually quiet precinct*
of that tieauliful hostelry were thronged by an
immense crowd of eager and enthusiastic men
nmong whom we recognized most of onr pro
minent citizens. I lie vestibule was crowded,
the magnificent rolnnda was nearly full, and I
proceeding up stairs to the office, we found, if
possible, a larger crowd swaying to and fro in
search of the room in which the meeting wm
to be held; now rushing into the large dining
room, now into a smaller room adjoining, and
again down stairs into the rotunda.
At a few minutes after 8 o'clock, however,
the Hon. P. Soule was introduced by Mr.
C. Caste!lanos, of the Delta, to the crowd in
the rotunda, which was immediately filled to
overflowing. W e are nnablo to give a fall re
port of his remarks, because there were no
provisions made for reporters; we are com
pelled to be satisfied with a slight sketch from
recollection, and from the fow notes we cooJd !
take, in the midst of an immense throng, car
ried away with tremendous excitement, in which j
we ourselves shared.
After the overwhelming enthusiasm which
greeted the orator, had subsided, be proceeded to !
say that he had hoped to meet a few friends in |
private ; he was surprised and charmed at his
agreeable disappointment, but claimed the in
dulgence of hiH hearers for his want of prepa
ration. He intended no oratorical display, but
some practical suggestions.
I he South has been slumbering in her past.
She has neglected her true ii terents, and failed
in her duty to herself, and hence the position
1" *dnch now finds lieratrff. New Orleans
is in danger. Her |?ort is commanded from '
tho Hay Islands. l>ritish cannon can fire as I
it were into her very doors.
Nature has divided this continent into two
parts, connected by Central America. Central
America itself separates two oceans whose
farther shores are inhabited by overcrowded
nations. This isthmus is destined to be the
seat of universal commerce and to command
the trade of tho world?it in to bo the highway
between Kurope and Asia. A part of this
superb domain is now held by a gallant man,
and his few noble followers. His chief 6bstacle
to success is an evil spirit which seems to be
abroad in this country?a spirit out of place
here, bat wholly characteristic of France, who
annexes Madagascar, and Kngland who an
nexes Oude. ^ A spirit which can never be
allowed by this conntry. That great American
principle, the Monroe doctrine, must and shall
he enforced. It is well for Europe to oppose
it and to oppose it sepcially here. It a real
North American population ever holds the
Isthmus, the supremacy of Europe in commerce
is gone for ever.
There may be some evil spirit in the North.
If by any chance Nicaragua should become a
Kart of this republic, the preponderance of the
forth is gone, and New Orleans will take the
trade now directed to the North, and will be
the great emporium of commerce in the United
States. But this spirit must depart.
For more than ten years Nicaragua had
been the prey to continual civil wars. 1 he
popular party in those wars called for aid, and
the noble Walker answered that call. Civil
liberty and popular rights were at once restored,
and the prosperity of the people was estab
lished under the government of Rivas supported
by Walker. The European governments had
secretly incited Costa Rica to war. There had
come here exaggerated reports of a defeat of
the Nicaraguans under Schlessinger. 1 hese
reports were absurdly exaggerated. Schless
inger was not the man for the occasion?had
been surprised?but it was a small affair.
Walker himself was about to take the field,
aud was as confident as ever. In a few weeks
he can sweep the Costa Ricans like dust Irom
the face of the earth. But his position is criti
cal; he needs assistance. There is no time to
lose ; the best interests of New Orleans are con
cerned. Our sympathy is universal, but we
muBt do something. Merchants may invest in
Nicaraguan securities with perfect safety; that
government has been recognized by this gov
ernment?the relations between us have been
clouded, but never destroyed. This country
will protect its citizens in any just claim against
any Nicaraguan government. It will be a good
investment to lend money on Nicaraguan
bonds, and will be a service to the noble Walker
and this country besides, and especially to New
Orleans. Nicaragua has a debt of only $4,009,
000, and has property of $115,000,000 in value.
If $250,000 is subscribed and paid here into
safe hands, to be given to Nicaragua for her
bonds, in three weeks Costa Rica's forces will
be swept from the face of the earth. Immedi
ately San Salvador and Honduras will join
Nicaragua, and the Central American Republic
will be once more established?to last, he
hoped; for its annexation to us was as yet too
glorious a dreain to be true. But this govern
ment must soon recognizc the Nicaraguan in
dependence. The head of this government
may have been sometimes misled, but he was
faithful and true. Nicaragua would soon be
Finally, said the eloquent orator, in a tone
which thrilled every heart, let us begin here,
?ow?at once; let none of us leave this ro
tunda until we have subscribed what we are
able to spare, to redeem Central America, to
ensure the future glory of our own great city.
After Mr. Soule concluded, it was whispered
among the coucourse that Col. French, of Nic
aragua, was present, and at once a loud and
enthusiastic call arose for him. In response,
he appeared upon the platform and made a few
pithy and appropriate remarks, corroborating
the positions taken by the distinguished orator
who preceded him, and concluding with a very
graceful and appropriate acknowledgment to
the citizens of New Orleans, in the nanio of bis
country, for their generous sympathy and the
cordial approbation they had extended to the
cause of liberty and progress in Central Ameri
ca. The grand rotunda of the St. Louis echoed
with a wild burst of enthusiastic applause,
when Col. French concluded.
The names of several other gentlemen were
culled, but in obedience to the main object of
the meeting it was thought proper to open the
subscription list at once. Unfavorable as were
the circumstances, several thousands of dollars
were subscribed iii the course of a lew minutes.
The richest part of the meeting was doubtless
in the gentlemen's ordinary, where it was sup
posed at first that the address of Mr. Soule
would have been delivered, and where it would
have l>een, had not the great number of the as
sembly forbidden it. As the crowd attempted
to gain admittance to the ordinary before the
speaking, a profusion and variety of things
edible and things drinkable appeared. When
those substantiate were discussed there were
many fine patriotic and noble sentimeuts ex
pressed. Wc can imagine the scene, although
we were not there. The sentiment which rose
highest in the breast of each invited guest,
under the influence of the great speeches they
had heard, as well as of the refreshments pre
Cxed for the occasion, each one of them may
assured is the true sentiment. They may
take the dictates of that hour of enthusiasm
for their guide, and never go amiss. Bright as
young Nicaragua painted herself to the fancy
of those there assembled, they may be assured
that the future of that youthful empire shall be
more brilliant still.
When Central America assumes and estab
lishes her proud position atnonir the powers of
the earth all who shared in it will revert with
mingled pride and pleasure to the meeting of
the 28th of April.
What Tvlll Mr. ????)? ??y to HI
Mr. Soule, last night, said that our govern
ment had refused to recognize the minister sent
to it by Nicargua, although it had been acknowl
edged by our minister. But he pledged himself
(and very emphatically) that the Nicaraguan
government would be recognized by our own.
It must be recognized?if shduld be recognized
?and he would declare in advance that such
would be the fact. He could bear willing tes
timony to the fidelity of the head of the govern
ment, ^)nt gave an awful intimation by his si
lence, that it was disfignred by one patch which
should not be upon it?W. L. Marcy, to wit,
Secretary of State. Now the question is wheth
er the Marcy-cum-Pieree order of things at
Washington will lend itself to the verification to
Mr. Soule's prophecy? Is it not time that oor
intentions in regard to the matter wore known?
hmisitiua Courier.
Liabilities nnd Rrianrcri of IHe*r?(iis.
Mr. Soule stated in his speech last night that
the liabilities of the Nicaraguan government
were less than $4,000,000,which consisted most
largely oTits pro rata of the old debt of the Cen
tral American Confederation, and that its as
sets would command $35,000,000. He said that
$250,000 in the present emergency would ena
ble the Walker-Uives government to establish
itself firmly, and that the funds thus advanced
would be paid back with large interest. Pon
the first successful blow struck by V1 a ker, H?>n"
auras.and St, Salvador would be ready to join
him, and Costa Rica would do the same, and
these once united, Gtiatamala would come into
the alliance, and the Central American Repub
lic would reappear upon the map in renewed
lustre?but not as a component part of the
American Union; that was a dream. But, we
n>av add, such dreams have become history ere
now, and will, it is possible, become history in
future.? Ixtvisiana Courier.
Orisi and Mario are engaged to appear
in the opera in London this season.
Subject to the Decision of the National Con
Arrival of the Ciar at Mow?w-Ilia Re
ception?Hln Iptcch on tke Reatorallou
of Peace.
The Comtitutionnel publishes a long letter
from Moscow, dated the 11th of April. We
extract the following :
The Emperor haa arrived quite unexpectedly
at our city, accompanied by the Grand Dukes
Constant!ue, Michael and Nicholas, and a nu
merous staff. Their reception was most- en
thusiastic. This morning the Emperor gave
audience to Count Zakrewski, the military gov
ernor. Deputations from the nobles and I'roui
the civil and military authorities accompanied
him. When all these persons had formed a
circle round him, the Emperor addressed them
as follows:
Genti.kmek : The war is over ?, for I ratified
the treaty of the peace which had been signed
at Paris before I left St. Petersburg. I am
happy to be able to announce the news to you
ofhcially, and to repeat to the nobility of Mos
cow the words which I addressed to mv people
in my last manifesto. Russia was able to de
fend herself for mauy years to come, and I be
lieve that, no matter what forces were brought
against her, she was invulnerable on her own
territory. But I felt that it was my duty, in
the real interests of the country, to lend an ear
to proposals compatible with the national hon
or. War is an abnormal state, and the greatest
successes obtained by it scarcely compensate
for the evils it cccasions. It had causoa an in
terruption of the commercial relations of the
empire with most of the States of Europe. I
should certainly lmve carried it on had not the
voice of neighboring States pronounced itself
against the policy of late years. My father, of
imperishable memory, had his reasons for act
ing as he did. I knew his views, and I adhere
to them from ray very soul; but the treaty of
Paris has obtained the object which it was his
ambition to obtain, and I prefer this means to
war. -
Many of you, I am aware, regret that I should
have so readily accepted the propositions made
to me. It was my duty as a man and as the
head of a great empire, either to reject or ac
cept them frankly; I have honorably and con
scientiously fulfilled that duty; I am sure that
allowances will be made for the ditlicuitt posi
tion in which I was placed, and that shortly
every devoted friend of Russia will render jus
tice to my views and iutentions for the welfare
of the country.
Supposing the fate of arms should have re
mained constantly favorable to us, as ii has
been in Asia, the Empire would have exhausted
its resources in keeping up large armies on
different points, the soldiers of which would,
in a great measure, be tak'-n from agriculture
and labor. In the Government of Moscow it
self manynaoufactories have boen compelled
to close. 1 prefer the real prosperity of the
arts of peace to the vain glory of combats.
I have thrown open the ports of Russia to
the commerce of the world, the frontiers to the
free circulation of foreign produce. I wish,
henceforth, that the greatest facility shall be
afforded in our markets for the exchange of
ware of every origin, and of the raw materials
and manufactures of our soils. Various pro
jects will shortly be communicated to you, the
object of which will bo to give an impulse to
home industry, and in which, I trust, every
noble man will take a share.
The Emperor, who spoke at considerable
length, and with some emotion, was listened to
in religious silence. His Majesty omitted no
thing?neither the plans for projected railways,
nor for the river navigation, nor for the roads,
nor for custom-house reforms. The Ministers
of the Interior and of Finance have received
formal orders from his Majesty to do away with
all obstructions in the way of commerce. The
frontier traffic is already open, and vessels are
arriving at all our ports. The export of pre
cious metals is alone still suspended, and this
is explained by the scarcity of gold and silver
in the public Treasury.
The Emperor was everywhere received with
the most profound respect. A grand review
was held at Moscow, llis Majesty visited va
rious manufactories, and gave oraers respect
ing his coronation, which will probably take
placo on the 30th of August next, thefeie day
of St. Alexander.
Object of lb* Rmprror'i -visit to Moscow.
Berlin, April 19, Correspondence of the London
You will already have seen from the St.
Petersburg papers that the Emperor intended
to leave that cit^r for Moscow, on the 9th inst,
and this intention he, in fact, carried out on
the day in question, in company with his
brothers, the Grand Dukes. Three various
objects seem to be aimed at in this Journey to
the ancient capital of Russia. Officially the
Emperor went there to be present at the secular
jubilee of the Grenadier Regiment of the
llody Guard, which was to take place on the
11th inst., on which occasion he was to give
new colors to the battalions not only of the
active, but also of the reserve regiment 1 hese
new colors the Emperor was himself to nail to
their staves on the day proceeding the cere
The head officer of Police in St. Petertburg
had already, on the ??th inst., made known to
the inhabitants that the Emperor had given
permission for alt those now attached to, or
that had previously served in this regiment, to
repair to Moscow t? be present at the solemnity.
A second purpose of this journey, on the part
of the Emperor, was to return to the Monastery
of the Trinity (Troitzk) the picture of 8t. Ser
gius, to which Twoiri-miracnlons powers are
attributed, and which be had borrowed from
the holy brothers there on occasion of his re
cent visit to headquarters in the Crimea. The
third purpose is the compliance with a custom
of the Imperial family, on the conclusion of
any important era or event in their history, to
repair to Moscow, as it were for the purpose
of personally proclaiming it to their Muscovite
subjects. In addition to the above, it is not
impossible that the approaching coronation
may form part of the business that will occupy
the Emperor's attention, aa it seems already to
occupy a prominent position in the thoughts
of his subjects. The day fixed for the cere
mony is the 30th of August- The expenses
are estimated at ?14,000,000. The Emperors
absence from St Petersburg was not to ex reed
five or six days, and a trip to the Baltic Pro
vinces is spoken of as likely to be made imme
diately on his return.
Ratification of the Treaty of Peace.
The treaty itself reached St. Petersburg, and
was ratified by the Emperor before he left for
Moscow. Count Sehuwaloff was the bearer of
it from the French capital.
Reform* in Rnasla-Rnmors of a Project
eri Emancipation of K#rft.
Another statement is to be found in men's
mouths as to the circumstances immediately
preceding the Emperor's departure for Moscow,
lie is reported to have expressed his determi
nation that all the children born of serfs on and
after the day of his coronation shall be free. It
is true that this statement circulates among per

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