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BEVERLEY TUCKER, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. TUESDAY MORNING, MAY 27, 1H56. FOR PRESIDENT, JAMES BUCHANAN, OF PENNSYLVANIA. Subject to the decision of the National Con vention. The CINCINNATI CONVENTION meets on Monday next, Jink 2d. POPULAR SO VIC IlK ION TY BEGUN AKD MAINTAINED BY FRANKLIN PIERCE. It is amusing to behold the cunning and in cessant efforts which the advocates of Mr. Pierce's re-election are continually making to persuade the Den|pcratic part)* to look with favor on no candidate for the Presidency who cannot claim to have gotten up the drama enacted in Kansas, as if the whole concerns of this country?foreign and domestic?were bounded by that single and contracted circle of politics. Age%thou art shamed?service, thou art despised?wisdom, thou art a fool?patriot ism, thou art a blustering coward; ye never in augurated the popular sovereignty wUkh Mr. Pierce dandle^ into the Kunsna controversy. Why, even if the paternity of tbi.s great and sacred principle could be unquestionably traced to Mr. Franklin Pierce, (who came into this breathing world a century after the principle was born, suckled, and nourished into action,) it would be extremely unwise to make the Presidential nomination turn upon nothing else. Such a doctrine would supercede all qualifications for office, and secure a continu ance of Presidential power, without the slightest assistance from personal virtue, experience, or aoiiuie*. But this sacred principle of popular sover eignty, which Mr. Pierce pretends that he rocked in the cradle of his wisdom, every man who ever read the history of this country knows whs started in the colonies, discussed in the Federal convention which framed the Con stitution, and pervaded the deliberations of the various State conventions which 6lowly and cautiously ratified our social compact. Yet this sacred and time-honored principle of equal rights is claimed as the legitimate offspring and exclusive glory of the worthies who only carried that principle into the heavy storm which Kansas has lately engendered. It would illy become the filial renown and gratitude of the American people to allow their great ancestors to be cheated out of the wisdom which asserted and the courage which vindicated a principle which lies at the basis of the Union, and which honest Democrats maintain and canting fanatics resist. Shall the laurel which has grown for a century upon the honored graves of the mighty dead be now upooted by a selfish band and made to con secrate the destroyer's brow? Let not the fictions of the past be turned into melancholy truth. " To have been, is to hang quite out of favor. Like rusty mail in monumental mockery." Shall the living, too, be slighted, forgotten and cloven down by the Democratic party, no matter what sigual honors tbey have won in the cause of the people and the blessings of free government, merely because their duties to the nation placed them where no voice could b? raised, nor effort made, to organize Kansas? Let us present, for example, the case of Mr. Bcchaxax. Here is a statesman of reproach* less character and of commanding talents, which have been dedicated to the cause of the peo ple and to the blessings of free government; a hero who has fought in all the great po litical battles which the Constitution invoked, and which Jackson led; a statesman, urged by his country to go abroad, on account of international troubles which no other man was so able as he to settle; a jurist and diplo mat, whose consummate wisdom while abroad has been the fruitful soorce and standing theme of praise; yet, having no power of ubiquity? no capacity to appear at the same time in Eng land and America?at SL James'* there, and at the White House here?be is to be doomed and discarded, because not personally present to assist in the passage of the Kansas act Can folly, injustice and presumption further go? It is often the little, mean and ignoble pur pose of power to select a chosen point; to perch upon it; to entrench within it; and to defend it, if possible, against the paramount title of superior rivals. But such a pithy contrivance always dishonors when it fails, and does no credit when it succeeds. It is neither to the honor nor advantage of the Democrats to permit it. Their horizon should embrace a wider verge, and include all the great and use ful qualifications for the Presidential office. Mr, BrcHAXAW is as fully and honorably pledged to support the old and noble principle which the Democrats have justly applied to Kansas, as any man is; and is able and pre pared to bring up the whole power of the Key stone State to support it. Can any other man alive do the same? No. It is idle to assert that Pennsylvania is certain for any nominee whom the Cincinnati Convention shall select. 1 he tamest beast of burden will become rest less and unmanageable if too much weight be packed upon him. It is human nature to feel and to resist the wrongs and insults of despised merit. V\ o to the people and their institutions when wisdom, dignity, virtue, and services, have ceased to establish a title to eminence and support. For then, blockheads, parasites, and knaves, will no longer despair of the.highest preferment, and the sycophants who can rrawl into favor, and the millionaire who can buy rt, will become the only animals who will ever ac quire it Til K I.ATK ASHAtt.T OKI NR.dtNNRR. The Hon. Presto^ S. Brooks, on Saturday last, gave bail in the sum of one thousand dollars, for bis appearance at the June term of the Criminal Conrt to answer to the charge of committing an "assiult and battery" on the Hon. Charles Bomner, on the 22d instant. MH. BROOKS'S CHASTISKHKNT OF NR. 8UMNKH. We have omitted any allusiou to this occur rence further than to copy into our columns the account of it given in another journal.. Thia delay haa not been occasioned by the leaat difficulty in making up our miuds upon the aubject. On tha contrary, "We were at once equally clear as to the necessity of the proceed in^' and the manner in which it was discharged. Nor have we been shaken iu thia conviction, but rather strengthened, by the low ribaldry and abuse with which the columns of the Abo lition sheets teem against a spirited and hon orable geulleuiau. Charles Sumner, a Senator from Massachu setts to the United States Senate, has been for years rioting not only in the most treasonable and damnable heresies that ever issued from the lips of one, calling himself an American, but skulking behind the chivalrous code of non-combatancy, which he and his foul-mouthed fraternity have established for their insolent licentiousness, he has thought proper latterly to commence a system of assaults upon hon orable Senators from other States, in which the ruleji, courtesy and decorum of the Senate have been flagrantly violated. Not only, however, has he forgotten in this, the dignity that should attach to a United States Senator, but he has, in his late speech, violently outraged even the ordinary decencies of common life, by the em ployment of language which would have been offensive to the lowest society of either man or woman I With the United States Senate gallery filled with American ladies, this senatorial profligate stands forth, and audaciously utters language calculated to bring the blush to the cheek of elery honest woman within his hearing ! He seems to parade with infinite gusto his familiar acquaintance with a style of life, which he so graphically depicts, and disregarding the pre sence he is in, becomes the public iusulter of female delicacy, sensibility, and refinement. What ladv can feel herself secure in visiting the Senate chamber in future, while such a votary of vulgarity is allowed to hold a place on that floor? But the insult of Charles Sumner to the courteous and manly Senator from South Caro lina was most gratuitous and uncalled for. Nor did the absence of this Senator, not only from his seat, but in a distant State, soften the malevolence of his tirade. What, then, under this state of things, was to be done ? Is there a young man in whose bosom there beats a manly throb, who does not justify the relative of Judge Butler in re senting this gross assault, in his absence, upon his integrity, intelligence, and virtue? It seems there are no rules of the Senate which are operative to arrest such a proceeding and to punish the offender. If the Senate has not the power, or having it, does not choose to exercise it, impeach or expel one of its own body for such disreputable conduct, where does the redress reside? If Massachu setts will not recall such a man?if the Senate will not eject him or control him?if the man tenator will not hold himself responsible for such insults to his fellow senators, ichat is tab* done f nothing in this wide world but to cow hide bad manners out of him, or good manners into him. The institutions of God?the insti tutions of man?the common law of society? point to no other mode of redress for the grievance. In our judgment, if the system had been commenced long, long ago, it would have been better for all parties. We do not ?peak of the right of those who differ with us upon the slavery question, or their right to ex press that difference?by no means. They have that right; but hurtful as the expression of it may be to our feeling*, we would not have it impaired, but, on the other hand, we will not allow it to be aggravated by personal insults and obloquy upon us. But objection is made to the place where the chastisement was bestowed, and great capital is sought to be made out of it by a hue and cry of desecration of the Senate chamber! Well, this comes with a charming grace from the friends of a senator who has chosen this same consecrated spot for a vocabulary which we blush to give place in our columns. The Senate was not in session, and after a vain search for C. Sumner elsewhere, Mr. Brooks was constrained to give him his deserts upon the very spot from whence he issued his vulgar libels npon his distinguished relative. Much as the necessity for such an extreme course may be regretted, we are happy to be lieve that this occurrence will do much to put a stop to the too common and unsenatorial mod* of warfare in that body. We trust that it may be so, and that the most august legisla tive body in the world may retarn, in its pro ceedings and bearing, to the days when its dignity and tone commanded the admiration of our own and the other countries of the world. MR. UKDDOU'd RPEECH. Mr. Seddon's long speech has for it* gist, this importaut point. That although hi* own preference wan most decidedly in favor of Sen ator Hunter, yet circumstances over ruling ren dered it proper and indispensable that a can didate should he selected from those presented by the Democracy of the North, and that the Sooth should at once, and cordially, and at the first, unije upon one thus presented. Mr. Seddon endorses to the fullest extent the soundness of the Northern Democracy on the Kan*&? Nebraaka Bill. Mr. Seddon makes a connection snd a concurrence with tbe Nebras ka Kar>??n Uill, the paramount claim to a nom ination?and upon this gives a preference to General Pierce, and places Mr. Buchanan as his last resort, because of his supposed short coming on this bill. The position of Mr. Bvchaka* on this ques tion is clearly set forth in the subjoined resolu tions constituting the Pennsylvania platform: llejtfdced, That we are now as ever unaltera bly opposed to the doctrines and designs of all organizations which contemplate the overthrow of the civil and religious rights of the citixen, like the equality of the States, is a sacred and inalienable right, never to be interfered with l>y factious parties and reckless legislation, wilboat a subversion of the primary objects of our political system, and a repudiation of the guarantees of the past, and tbe hopes of tbe fotnre. Retolttd, That in the repeal of the act known as the Missouri Compromise set, and the passage of the organizing the Territo ries of Kansas and Nebraska, free from uncon stitutional restrictions, the last Congress per formed a work of patriotic sacrifice, in meeting the demands of sectional excitemeut by un shaken adherence to the fundamental law. Resolved, That this legislation cannot be deemed unnecessary, but that it was expedient to meet the question of which it disposed, and which could never admit of a more easy settle ment than at present. ThaL we recognize in it the application to the Territories of the L nited States of the rule of "equal and exact justice to all men," of all sections of the Con federacy, wbicii way designed by the* framcrs of our Government, and which was defined as one of its essential principles by the immortal Jefferson. Resolved, That the Democracy of Pennsyl vania, following the counsel of some of the wisest statesmen of the North and South, were I ready on more than one occasion in the past to extend the Missouri Compromise line to the 1 acific, so as to make it the basis of a final set tlement of the question of slavery in the Terri tories; but when this proposition was rejected, in 1848 on the ground that it involved an un due concession to the South, by the very men who now clamor for a restoration of the Mis soun line, there seemed to be but one wise alternative left, and that was to refer the whole question of slavery in the Territories to the people thereof, to be regulated as they may deem proper; and we therefore, cheerfully ex teud our hearty support to the policy of the Government ar. recognized in the compromise measures of 1850, and embodied in the laws organizing the Territories of Kansas and Ne braska. Mr. Buchanan responds to them in the fol lowing words: I he duties of the President, whomsoever he may be, have been clearly and ably indicated by the admirable resolutions of the Convention which you have just presented to me, and all of which, without reference to those merely personal to myself, I heartily adopt. Indeed, they met my cordial approbation from the mo ment wheu I first per used them on the other J side of the Atlantic. They constitute a plat- I j form broad, national, and conservative, and one eminently worthy of the Democracy of our great and 'good old States." We ask, in all candor, cau anything short of the extremest hypercriticism find ground for exception in the position of Mr. Buchanan on the Kansas bill, as demonstrated by the fore going. There is a strong antagonism between the strong commendation of Mr. Buchanan's ca reer, which-Mr. Seddon so fully allows to him, and the microscopic examination of his course on the Nebraska bill, to see that which canoot I be seen. The generous praise awarded to Mr. | Buchanan is inconsistent with the hair-spun criticism on his Nebraska sentiments. But this Democratic North which Mr. Seddon endorses as sound on the Kansas question, this Northern Democracy endorses Mr. Buch anan to an extent that will render certain, and enduring the spirit of the Kausas bill, by pre senting Mr. Buchanan with victory in hie grasp. Is it not ungracious to seek to find imper ceptible spots on his fair escutcheon, and to depreciate him who stands so well endorsed by the Northern Democracy. We attribute much to the warm personal partiality for another, this misapprehension of Mr. Seddon, and we would fain believe that even before he will reach Cincinnati, all his doubts about Mr. Buchanan will have vanished. The following admirable resolution of fered by one of the truest Democrats within the limits of Maryland, John B. Wright, esq., of Baltimore city, wua passed at the district con vention, some weeks since, and which, owing to some unaccountable oversight, has not yet appeared in our columns. It will be remembered that in the other dis trict convention, which it only required some few days notice to convene, that the office holders of our exacting President, were too I strongly packed for the unadvised Democracy outside of the custom-house. The result was the appointment of two Pierce delegates! Here, however, the spirit of the genuine Democracy was not trammelled, and its true sentiment triumphantly prevailed. Nor is there, we believe, a doubt, in the mind of any candid Democrat in Maryland, that the following re solution offered by Mr. Wright is the senti ment of the whole Democracy of the State Certain it is, we believe, that Mr. Buchanan is the only man who can rescue the 8tate from the dominion of Know-nothingism. We have mentioned before that this district nominated the Hon. James M. Buchanan and William Byrne, esq., as delegates to the Cincinnati Convention. John 8. Wright, esq., of Baltimore city, from the minority of the committee, submitted the following amendment: Retoltxd, That whilst we conceive it to be due to each of the distinguished gentlemen whose merits and claims are being canvassed throughout the country for the honor of a nomi nation at Cincinnati for the Presidency, to de clare our implicit faith in their integrity, capa city, and sound republican conservativeness, and, in advance of the action of said conven tion, to signify our willingness to cheerfully support its nominee, if he hold?of which we cannot entertain a doubt?the opinions wo have proclaimed as our own; we nevertheless, following the example of our sister States, and responsive to the will of the people of Mary land as we understand it, deem it eminently Cper to announce that the history of the g, useful and patriotic life of Jamea Bach anan, of Pennsylvania, furnishes the most re liable guaranty that in the present emergency of our country he is, in all the qualities of a statesmen, fitted for the highest executive office, and we avail ourselves of this occasion to make this opinion known to the people of the Union. As citizen, legislator, National and State?as highest cabinet officer and represen tative of the honor and interests of our country abroad, his career has been marked, at every step, by sound sens*, caution and statesman like wiadom. In it the people of Maryland die cover the hope and security of the future. Under the guide of o?e so discreet and so ex perienoed, it cannot be doubtful, with any, that whiist domestic peace and prosperity would be secured at home, every interest of our nation, and its honor, would be sedulously cared for abroad. Disclaiming all dictation, we most cordially commend his great services and rare qualifications to the convention. John T. B. Doraey, esq., of Howard county, offered the following as a substitute for the whole: Itmolwd, That it is not the duty of this con vention to declare a preference for the nomi nation of any particular individual; nor do we deem such a course expedient, and we there fore only pledge ourselves to the firm support of the nominee of the Cincinnati Convention. The chair announced the question to be first upon the substitute offered by Mr. Dorsey. A debate here ensued upon the several reports submitted, which was parHoipated in by Messrs. Hamilton and R. C. Holljdav in advocacy of the majority report, and by Messrs. John ft. Wright, E. Loftis Lowe and Colonel Thomas McKaig in advocacy of the amendment of Mr. Wright, and by Cof. George Hughes and Mr. Dorsey in favor of the substitute of the latter named gentleman. Pending the discussion a motion to adjourn was determined iu the negative?yeas 23, nays 73. A vote was then taken upon the substitute of Mr. Dorsey, and it was rejected by the follow ing vote: yeas 16, nays 80. The vote upon the amendment of Mr. Wright wa? then taken, when it was adopted?yeas 51, nays 44. MR. BUCHANAN?VIRGINIA. The results of the recent local elections in Virginia, show a large increase of Democratic strength. A letter from the Valley of Virginia states]:?"You perceive by the returns how overwhelming have been our triumphs in this portion of the State. Frederick, heretofore paralyzed in her Democratic strength, now gives her old fashioned majority of 300. Jeffb?? son heretofore Whig, now gives a Democratic majority of 51. In Clarke, for the first time, all the county officers elected are Democrats. In Berkeley, the Democracy has cruslfed out? ay, literally 1 crushed out,1 everything in the shape of oppositiou to its power, &c., &c. Among the leading causes of this sound and triumphant condition of our party, is the great and well deserved popularity of Mr. Buchanax and the fixed impression of all here, that he will be selected as the standard bearer of our party, in the approaching Presidential contest. All have the fullest confidence in him and with us, his name is. a tower of strength and the certain harbinger of victory." Presidential Sign*. The late desperate efforts made in Washing ton to depreciate Buchanan stock have not produced the desired effect. On the contrary, it seems as if the effect has been to demonstrate more clearly the strength of the stock and to make it more "buoyant." Letters froqi Wash ington state that a marked change has come over politicians in that city since they have ascertained how strong the current of popular opinion sets towards Buchanan. The Wash ington correspondent of the Journal of Com merce thus writes: The Cincinnati Convention will, it is believed here, ignore the policy of putting every man out of the ring who had earned high distinction. It is not an encouraging system for the many aspiring men now in the Democratic ranks, and who propose to enter th^ Democratic ranks. They will be very likely to take one of their oldest and most distinguished men in doing so, they will incur less risk of a failure before the people than iu taking up some new mediocre merely on the score of a supposed availability. The chances at present are wholly in favor of Mr. Buchanan. The Evening Commercial, Mr. Fillmore's most faithful supporter, publishes a letter from Washington, in which the writer sayB: . The Buchanan movement prospers. His chances for nomination at Cincinnati are im proving. Many of those who disapprove of the Nebraska bill, but are willing to accept it as a settled question, are coming to his support. The South is becoming reconciled to his nomi nation in the place of Mr. Pierce, whom they generally prefer as more fully committed to the policy of the Nebraska bill. It is well understood among the "knowing ones," that if Mr. Buchanan is nominated at Cincinnati, both "Hard" and "Softs" in this State will uuite heartily in his support.?N. Y. Sun, 12th instant. SIMMER'S BLOODY SHIRT SKRT TO BOSTON. This maltreated garment, we learn, has been couveyed by careful bands, to Boston. In ad ranee of the august ceremonies which doubt less will mark its advent, his patriotic constitu" ency, will have bad their minds and hearty (if they have either,) well stored for M mutiny and rage," by the fervid eloquence of their Beecher Saint. This meek and holy priest, ia, we suppose, to officiate upon the occasion of the shirt demon stration* which will be made. As it is a new theme, and may draw too heavily upon his im agination, we suggest to him to read Mark Anthony's speech over the body of the beloved Cesar. As thus: "If you have tears, prepare to shed them now. You all do know, this ' garment.' I remember the first time Sum ner put it on?'twas on a summer's morningi in his room. That day he hoped to overcome the triumvirate. Oh! now you weep; ancLl perceive you feel the dint of pity; these are gra. cious drops! Kind souls, what weep you, when you but behold our Sumner's vesture stained ? Look you to yonder Southern city, where is himself, marred by the bauds of traitors I " 1st Cit. 0, piteous spectacle! "2d Cit. 0, noble Sumner! "3d Cit. 0, woeful day! "4th Cit 0, traitor villain! " 1st Cit 0, most bloody sight! " 2d Cit. We will be revenged! revenge' about?seek?burn?fire?kill?slay?let not a traitor live!" Stop right here holy Beecher, the stones of Boston begin to rise and mutiny! It is a most excellent oration and has well done its work?grateful, too, to the sufferer, it will be, for the mindful consideration, of his ciattic ta?U. ? RHATOR pron. The speech delivered by this gentleman yesterday, in the Senate, was one of the most powerful which has been made in the Senate' on the Kansas question, indicating as well per severance in research as high logical powers. We look upon this speech as one which will add to the high reputation of the Senator, and as a valuable contribution to the constitutional history of the slavery question. TIIK CAMPAIOII DEMOCRAT. We have seen ihe first number of the Dem ocrat, a campaign paper, to be published weekly after the Cincinnati Convention, in the city of Washington, byDurant, Da Pont# k Co. The Democrat presents a fine mechanical appearance, and its editorials evince a decided ability. We are personally acquainted with Mr. Da Ponte and his writings, and cheerfolly recom mend the Democrat to the snpport of our Dem ocratic friends, as worthy the patronage of the party in tbe coming campaign. teff" Header, do yon know that every column of a newspaper contains from ten to twenty thousand distinct pieces of metal, the misplac ing of any one of which wonld cause a blunder or typographical error? With this curious fact before you, don't you wonder at the general accuracy of newspapers ? MK. BUCHANAN IN NKW ENGLAND. The extract below is from a letter to the editor. The writer is one of the old line Dern^ ocracy, who has never diverged in his support of the Democratic party and its principles. This letter is but one of the many indications we receive of the strength of Mr. Buchanan throughout the country: Springfield, Mass., May 17, 1856. * * * * * * * Do not regard this hastily written letter as intended for publication in the Sentinel. 1 say again, that recognized as General Pierce is as a Democrat, his omissions and commissions could be more amiably stated, than you have, uj)on some occasions thought proper to do. I know, however, that one's discretion is fre quently neutralized by the character of the as sociations that surround him. It can well be understood that when you, who have, since the establishment of the Sentinel, maintained with consistency and ia advance, every man and measure, who has advocated, or that has led to the present unmistakeable platform upon which the uext election will be contested?I mean the equality of the States and the right of the people of Territories to make their own form of government without Congressional interfer ence. I say 1 cannot wonder, that you, who have been true and faithful should feel sore that others who have pursued the opposite, or at least a cowardly temporising course, should attempt, under the wing of an assumed Demo cratic Administration, to doubt your orthodoxy, and scandalize, by mean inuendos, the distin guished statesman, whose name, I am glad to see at the head of your columns. Let me tell you that, during the past winter, my business has led me throughout the New England States, with the exception of Vermont, and I can assure you the entire Democratic people, who are not in office, the National Whigs who hold the Union of more value than a few colored persons, the solid thinking man ufacturers and merchants, who do not make politics a trade, but regard the Constitution as a sacred bond, and the people of the South and West as brethren?all these are awaiting with the deepest concern the nomination of James Buchanan, of Pennsylvania, by the Cincinnati Convention; It is a providential circumstance that such a man is at the call and disposition of the great conservative party of the North; and I' have no misgiving in regard to the action of that Convention, if it reflects truly the wants of the people it represents, and feels intelli gently the necessity that calls for Old Pennsyl vania's favorite son. me' wh?,have Mr. . c P C Course for tbe past twenty ? !r L? Jear8't0 read the attempts made by the W ashington Star and Union, and a Mis sissippi paper, the name of which I have for I gotten, to throw doubts upon his orthodoxy. If I were allowed to guess, I would say that the particular article alluded to, copied in the Star fri^TS! lo^ ont""j'-p SjoS friend Caleb, and mayhap telegraphed to Mis | sissipp,, as upon a former occasion, to ? cruih out Buchanamsm there. This mode of tactics will not answer. The reputation of Mr. Bpch to be Ke8,ab,i8hed 'n the Publl'cmind to be affected by such mendacious assaults Hia nationality ia recorded in every act of his pohtica'l,fe. li18 love of the Union amounts to an enthusiasm, and is seen in every speech and letter and act of hi. lol,t. and J,Z\t reer. Doubt James Buchanan! Ask Old I ennsylvania, the great National Keystone if her most distinguibhed son, after bis long and feoutetinn ? vemOCra,'C 8ervice> h&8 a doubtful eputation? You cannot imagine the general disgust that this attempt, on the part of certain presses, to injure Mr. Buchanan at the South, tl,? ^CCaf10n TL? j? exPrPssed in this part of the country. The disgust is increased, when ' C"0wn that tbe8e attacks upon Mr. Bcch tl bave ?r,K?oated with those who officiate T ?U.h MartlP Rnd John Van Buren, and Ind B FreR H J BckP?T7,ed^d Alijah Mann and B. F. Butler and Preston King, of New i ork, as orthodox Democrats I oth^T^l ?f M!l' ?B8?!n*- In Greenfield the ?etter" tLt T /?e ?f Lbe "crushing letter that was telegraphed to the South to operate upon the Mississippi election. It was related bv an old fashioned Massachusetts De mocrat who never "fused," never "coalesced " and never merely "acquiesed" in the doctrines and measures of the Democratic party. He Mi WM Written hJ Mr Pushing to Mr. * rothingham, one of the editors of tbe Boston 7W. It was regarded by the recipient DubliTh7 T T ,mP?r,aDt> bnt as a letter to be published only on his soundest discretion It seemed that, before the appointments were /W^ad h" SrUlte'1lhat ??,onel Greene, of the i? 1 b,stfr,?nd#> *nd 'hat Mr. Banks now the Speaker, had his friends to fill the various offices under the General Government Mr ushing took the position that Mr. N. P Banks was the Representative of the Democracv of ; 'asaachusetts. The friends of Mr. Banks there ore, were, wub but few exceptions, appointed to the various places to be filled. It was soon dis rnennii \l aU tbC Patrooage of tbe Govern thir.^^r60 g'Vtn t? F?oi' D""ocrats that anomalous creation?and that it was work mg a disgust and contempt for Mr Cushinir among the sterling Democracy of New eL/ ration in the South. Hence this "crushing" WM show?1"' Si * t0 Mr Rothingham. It * ZuSUP t- re, reached the car, 0f m.nJ ln u uZ"LrD ha<1 ***" lbeir WOOL aave no shhek for freedom.'* Such a letter ? tothe Boston iW gave evident of it. strong position with, at lent, Mr. Cusbing. But sad ftWi tbe "'"could print , t/ r ? Admin'tfation, it came back to Boston from the far Sooth, having been published intermediates in all th* <i .k r?.o prove ,he OMhX/oft.CoVbr It answered its purpose there 1I?r? k r KS .^7; lh(.?di/ missal of a postmasier at a place thev call A ' W0Fth aboot dollars a ve7r m" B.XD'i?::;office of "? you that Mr r k n? In,,,ake when I tell , you that Mr Cusbing, with all his versatility of ?alent, could not be elected constable in Inv own New England. His Ia?hyof j^nefpfc 1. a proverb-" as false as Coshing." ? P with.liM ?^mPort*?t fact, that not th?! 1 > Circumstance that quite all he Democrats press of the North has bet" Dlace iu Ry appointment of editor, to nP^ itd inn;r,,h ,He -t.Jy Bociun^ of pJn 1 COnT,.Ctmn ,hat J**U holding Iji^h and locraiiw po,,,ion., who h?.e ?.^??h.ep"""" ?f,obuined ~t?dV??7orrt,,i0"Th"* BSL**,.-""'ot opwon,ih!T!? rj, r ?.ccn""? ? >?iion.l Dtmoc nwy?are furniliar Wlth hi, who,o lit)ca, l' c ^rv,~^!?, a"d coos'stent pob , admire the stern morality ol his character ; tha*e not identified with oar nsrtv organization, but who look at matters iJTthl SanaXr '^tor from Lou k R<nJam,n' do^?. equally confidincr in J?. b.gh reputation as a Statesmai, and his in egrity as a man, and waiting in deep anxiety ?TrT ??nnJ "" (>.n..n,'7 *.Mr- and ?o far N?? f'Ogland is concerned, you may rely .,nnn 5 "vSk Z""""e "????y ?f Even in this tempted Stain tKrm i ment which if properly developed can b^ereoT cfsm \lmmTn ^ U> '^-*2Jk?2t Un"n Its Z ***""* tbe PerPtnity of the utrages upon the ^'ommonwealth and upon the constitutional compact are per mitted with entire impunity. Talk to our citi zens. individually, they reflect no treason in their opimops. They seem in love with the Uuion and unwilling to do anything to jeopard its ex istence. Yet the Personal Liberty bill is passed an act of nullification?the rights of conscience are violated in legislature enactments? sumptuary laws that no people of the most des potic government would submit to, are placed upon their Statute Books?and citizens, enti | tied to all the rights of nature under the consti tution aud philosophy of our government, are i marked and persecuted! until, iudeed, Massa i chusetts, whose reputation had beeu classic for its revolutionary patriotism has become a scorn and a by-word to our brethren in other States. I blush for the State of my nativity. But are not the Democratic party measurably to blame? The party organization in this State, such as it is, seems to be merely a combination of a very few men, whose names will be found ia the Blue Book, to attend meetings just before the election to make their names prominent. They are all delegates to Conventions at least, and a few of them sometimes consent to run as can didates for State and other elective offices, but with no idea of success. They appear to act upon the principle that the fewer Democrats there are here, the fewer competitors there will be for the patronage of the General Government. What a question, like the Wilmot Proviso, or the Nebraska and Kansas bill, or the repeal of the Missouri Compromise, or any other im portant policy, whether of National or State con cern is in question, instead of taking instantly the Democratic position,they seek "fusions" and "coalitions" to obtain a temporary and hollow local triumph. This policy has disgusted the De mocrats of principle and almost demoralizes the entire party. In the Legislature, now in session, Abolitionism and Know Nothingism have their way?no Democrat so bold as dare resist them. In our churches white cravatted parsons preach treason to the Constitution instead of good will to man?Democrats with their families sit and hear it and dare not remonstrate. So inert is the Democratic sentiment here that it has no} sufficient energy to resist, even faintly, the out rages of this despotic fanaticism. Yon see tlys names of our prominent politicians attending na tional conventions and receivinglucrative offices under the Government, but do you see them in the advance defending, at the first attack, the citidel of the Constitution? If our leading men here had been as true to the principles of the Democratic party as they have been to its patronage, it would at least have had, at this time, a minority that would coAmand respect, ***** Ac., Ac., 0. L. Correspondence of the New York Herald An Anlhrnlie Account of the Fracas?Col Brooks held to Bail to answer?Indigna tion of the Nigger Worshippers?Move ment to expel Brooks from the House, Ktc< Washington, May 22,1856. The following will be fonnd to be a strictly correct and impartial account of the attack on Mr. Sumner, in the Senate chamber to day. Col onel Preston S. Brooks, of South Carolina, took exception to the following language, used by Senator Sumner in hie speech tin Tuesday last:? '? With regret I come again upon the Senator from South Carolina, (Mr. Butler,) who, omni present in this debate, overflowed with rage at the Bimple suggestion that Kansas had applied for admission as a State, and with no incohe rent phrases discharged the loose expectoration of his'speech, now upon her representative and then upon her people. There was no extrava gance of the ancient Parliamentary debate which he did not repeat, nor was there any possible de viation from truth which he did not make. But the Senator touches nothing which he does not disfigure with error,8ometimesof principle some times of fact. He shows an incapacity of accu racy, whether in stating the Constitution or in stating the law, whether in details of statistics, or the diversions of scholarship. ' " He cannot ope his mouth but out there flies a blunder.'" " But it is against the people of Kansas that the sensibilities of the Senator are particularly aroused. Coming, as be announces, ' from State;'?ay, sir! from South Carolina?he turns with lordly disgust from this newly formed com munity, which he will not recognise even as body politic.' Pray, sir, by what title does he indulge in this egotism? Has he read the his tory of 'the State' which he represents? He cannot, surely, have forgotten its shameful im becility from slavery, confessed throughout the Revolution, followed by its more shameful as sumptions for slavery since." Mr. Butler, the aged Senator alluded to, was, and still is absent in South Carolina, on a visit to his family. Mr. Brooks waited at the Porter's Lodge about an hour yesterday, and as long this morn ing, hoping to meet Mr. Sumner, with a view to attack him. Failing in this, he entered the Senate chamber today, just as that body ad journed, and seeing several ladies present,seat ed himself on the opposite side to Mr. Sumner. Soon all disappeared but one. He then request ed a friend to get her out, when he immediate ly approached Mr. Sumner, and said, in a quiet tone of voice:? " Mr. Sumner, I have read your speech with great care, and with as much impartiality as I am capable of, and I feel it my duty to say to you that you have published a libel on my State, and uttered a slander upon a relative, who is aged and absent, and I am come to punish you." At the concluding words Mr* Sumner at tempted to spring U> his feet, showing fight, but whilst in the act was struck by Coloq*l Brooks a backhanded blow across the head rith a gutta percha cane near an inch thick, but hollow, and he continued striking him right and left until the stick was broken in frag ments, and Mr. Sumner was prostraite and bleeding on the floor. No one took hold of Qol. B. during the time, to quick was the ope ration ; but immediately afterwards Mr. Crit tenden caught him around the body and arms, it hen Col. B. said, "Idid not wish to hurt him much, but only whip him." No one knew of the anticipated attack but the Hon. H. A. Edmundson, of Virginia, who happened not to be present when the attack commenced. Ttwas reported on the streets for several days previous that Mr. Sumner would be armed when he delivered his speech, and that if occasion required it he would use his weapons. He was not armed when attack ed by Colonel Brooks to-dly. It is said, also, that Mr. Sumner Rave out before he made his speech that he woold be responsible for any thing he might say. After his arrest Colonel Brooks went to the office of Justice Hollingshead, and tendered his bond with security to appear and answer any charge preferred by the (irand Jury. But the Justice, deeming the bond premature, dis charged him upon his parole of honor to appear before him apain whenever required. Subsequently Mr. Brooks was complained of by Mr. William Y. Leader, on whose oath Jus tice Hollingshead reqnired Brooks to give bail in the sum of five hundred dollars as security for his appearance to-morrow afternoon. The most intense excitement prevails this evening among the nigger-worshippers, and they intend to-morrow morning to introduce resolutions expelling Colonel Brooks from his seat in the House. They ere working assidu ously to accomplish this object, bnt they will certainly fail. Dii*i,oiiatic Moramtt.?The late difficulty between Persia and England is said to have been caused by the misconduct of the English Ambassador, Mr. Murray, who persisted in keeping in his house a beautiful Persian lady, the sister of the Hhah; after having provided for her husband by giving him an appointment in the British consulate. The 8han, it seems, not being willing to leave his relative any longer in such a petition.?N. T. Exprttt. PfOM ihe IVnuaylvauian o? the 544ih iu?iu,u Streu*tU of Mr. Uu.h.u.u, We promised, yesterday, to publish a number of extract* from private lettera, received from various portions of our Union, to show the opiuion entertained by intelligent gentlemen as to Mr. Buchanau's great strength as a can didate in all quarters of the country. It will be seeu that the moat unbounded faith is felt in his election, if nominated, while a doubt rests upon the chances of all other candidates. No one, in the least conversant with the feel ings which animate the masses of our country men, can doubt the superior strength of Mr. Buchanan over any one of his competitor, lhis fact apeaka with prophetic voice. It can not nor will not be hidden from the ken of man. There are times when the mind of a whole na tion becomes sober and refiective, and sees that which will be of general benefit with un. delusive vision. Such now appears to be the case. The excitement springing from high mental irritation, which gave vigor to Know nothingism is passing away, as was seen at our municipal election, and it requires but an ordi nary degree of caution in our Presidential nomination to consign that abomination, and its cognate ally, Abolitionism, forever to the tomb. With Mr. Buchanan as our candidate, we shall be successful, not only over the nominee of the combined factions, but also over the atrocious principles which they profess and promulgate. The question of slavery, which now agitates both the North and the South will then be set at rest, and although we do not look for a political millennium, we at least feel satisfied thai the all-absorbing questions of the day will sink to rise no more. The great experience, and sound practical wisdom of Mr. Buchanan, are what the whole country now wants to prudently carry us through the pre sent difficulties; and re-establish harmony in every aectiou of our Union. The extracts given below, show the opinion entertained of Mr. Buchanan's exalted character as a states man, and his safety as an Executive officer. These sentimeuts are universal, and point to him with unerring certaiuty as a man wjio should receive the Cincinnati nomination. OHIO, MAY 5. Let me assure you that the great body of Democrats?the masses?are warmly attached to Mr. Buchanan. His nomination will secure the entire strength of the Democratic and old hue Whig votes in this State. If politician! desire his defeat, the people demand hia nomi nation, and the former must bow to the voice I of the latter. omo, april 22. ? Since meeting you last, I have recei ved letters from various quarters of our State, and all show that Buchanan is clearly the first choice of nine-tenths of the Democracy. I may add, ? of a very large and respectable portion of thJ old Whig party. CLEVELAND, OHIO, APRIL 21. The nomination of Mr. Buchanan will secure a perfect triumph for Democracy and principle in this State. The very name of " Buck," of the State of " mines," is synonomous with strength and victory. OHIO, APRIL 4. The mass of the people of this State are for Buebanan, and the universal opinion here is, that, he wi ll make the election a dead sure thing! The Abolitionists are fearful of his nomination, because they know tfllt he will concentrate the strength of the national men of the Union, and that with him we can carry the State of Ohio over any Black Republican by a lar^e ma jority. OHIO, APRIL 30. Public sentiment is so strong in Ohio for Buchanan, that our delegates will not cast the vote of the State against him, unless they de termine to take issue with the people. OHIO, APRIL 9. Things throughout our State look* well. I know that Mr. Buchanan can carry Ohio over any other opponent that may be run against him. The sentiment of the State is overwhelm ing in his favor. Nrw YORK. Old Buck has really been nominated by the people. The question is whether that nomina tion shall be confirmed, or another shall be made by politicians. The present position of our country requires that we should have an able, consistent, and withal a respectable and honest man at the helm, and I believe that it will be sunphed by Mr. Buchanan, who will be nominated and elected. CONNECTICUT, MAY 8. Buchanan is the man of all others for the times, and God grant for the sake of the coun try that be may be nominated. He is the cboipe of the people not only of this State, but of the Union. CONNICTTCUT, APH1L 14. My sympathies are with Old Buck, and so are those of a majority of the Democrats in this Slate. In my opinion Buchanan is the only invincible candidate. He is the choice of the Democracy of our Stale. We have made a grand fight here, our troops nre in excellent order, and if he is nominated at Cincinnati, Connecticut will undoubtedly cast her electoral vote for him. CONNECTICUT, Alia 17 The sentiment is universal among the De mocracy of this State that Buchanan is the man and the only man?with him we can carry the State Sure. The political tide is turning in our State, and netting in with irreBistable force and strength in favor of our party, and nothing aids it more than the expectation that Buchanan is to be our nominee. Prominent Whigs publicly avow their purpose to votefor him?assuming that he is to be nominated. He must be, the people demand it. The Con necticut delegation will advocate his claim with great zeal. ? MAYNB, ATOII. 7. I most sincerely hope that your efforts and the efforts of other friends of that great states man, James Buchanan, will be carried with success. The claims of the Democracy of Pennsylvania, upon their brethren throughout the Union, can scarcely be over-estimated. They And a parallel only in the distinguished services and matchless statesmanship of their candidate, impressed with these considerations, and with the conviction that Mr. Buchanan's name, more than that of any other Democrat, wftnld unite the Union men of the country, and ensure a certain and enduring victory, the De mocracy ask his nomination by the Cincinnati Convention. NASRVU.LK, TKNN., APRIL 4. Mr. Buchanan is the man upon whom the choice of the Democratic party should full its Ihf*ir candidate for the Presidency- cnemie* as well ns friend* admit his qualifications for the office, and no Democrat will doubt his fidelity to every great principle of the Democratic party. KIMomtT. I was present at the late Democratic Con vention which Assembled nt .Jefferson <'iiv, in this State, and I smuta you, whatever may bo laid to the contrary, that the feeling in favor of Mr. Buchanan was nearly unanimous. Mr. Elarns, who heads the delegation, was the avow ?d and active friend of Mr. Buchanan, and was sleeted As such, and I think you will find