Newspaper Page Text
ItlCHAltDSON'M ATHOIPUKH/C T1CL.K
UKAPU. Several days ago, the Senate of the United Platen had under consideration the hill appro priating $75,000 to enable the Postmaster General to make a practical experiment of the atmospheric telegraph, and to test its practica bility and usefulness for the conveyance of the United States mails. Mr. Collamer, in response to an objection which was interposed, reminded the Senate thut an appropriation was made to test the practica bility of Morse's Telegraph, and it might huve been added, that during the period of the Mex ican war, ten thousand dollars were appro priated to test the use of the " Greek lire," for which we now have no occasion, the burn ing liquid having been superseded by the more valuable articles of gunpowder aud cannon balls. Besides, an appropriation of $30,000 (we think) was made to enable Professor Page to test the application of magnetism to loco motive purposes. We only mention these things to show that precedents are not wanting for such appropriations. Mr. Tlrompson, of Kentucky, opposed the proposition, characterizing it as one to " try au experiment," which he said was "silly." He remarked his friend from Florida (Mr. Mallory) had "made a very learned, philoso phical, scientific report upon it;" but he " would uot undertake to answer it by figures and facts, bocause" he "could not do it." "But,as to this machine," ho continued, ",it is a machine, I think, to take from Uncle Sam $75,000." On the same principle, a railroad car might be called a machine," to take from the echequer of our beloved political relative some of the surplus dollars, for the perform ance of a valuable and indispensable service. The senator's courtesy aud fair-dealing are not here questioned ; but would it not be just to the ingenious gentleman to give him an oppor tunity of demonstrating the usefulness of his invention ? Now, Mr. ltichardson has four months been exhibiting his " machine" in the rotundo of the Capitol to thousands of admiring specta tors. The working of the model amply de monstrates the certainty of the movements on an extended scale. No mere theory is assert ed?the movements of the " telegraph" speak for themselves, to the plainest capacity. We doubt not that Mr. Richardson could soon con vince the moat sceptical. Because there have beeu failures in regard to other subjects, the plea should not apply to the prejudice of the one of which we are now speaking. With equal propriety it might be urged that man is incapable of self-government, because of "fail ures" in the countries of the old world. In view of the important events to be achieved, the sum required to test the practicability of the inv^ption falls into insignificance. Important from Mexico. By a passenger, woo arrived from Savannah in the steamship Florida, we Have direct news from Mexico, lie left the capitol on the 2d, and Vera Cruz on the oth instant. The expected decree, declaring that the clergy shall not be permitted to centralize property in their own hands, waa officially pro mulgated in the city of Mexico on the 28tli of last month. The people seemed to be generally well sat isfied with this measure, and numerous con gratulations had poured in on President Co inonfort, in view of this important step. The next feature of the programme, relative to the clergy, it is understood, will be the ex pulsion of the Jesuits. The Congress had passed an important bill, guaranteeing liberty of conscience, aside from political interference. The Spanish difficulties had been all amica bly arranged, and the Spanish Minister was officially received on the 26th ultimo. The porta were all open for emigrants, and general comparative quietness reigned.?Netc York Express. The Wheelbarrow Man. Col. Fremont was commended to the north ern Republicans as a macvellous proper man for the Presidency chiefly because he bad ex plored aud mapped out the Rocky Mountains. Some years ago, a man started from the At lantic States with a wheelbarrow, and tugged all the way to California over those same Rocky Mountains. Now, we should like to know on what principle of justice the claims of the ori ginal wheelbarrow man were overlooked at Philadelphia. Besides, if men are to be made Presidents of, ?imply because they are good travellers, Steep rock, the Indian, bad a pre-ernptionary claim to the Philadelphia nomination. Justice, too, should have been done, to "the man that walked a thousand miles in a thousand hours." Bali, lie pub. Naval.?A letter dated Key West, July Ctby ?ays: The steam frigate Susquehanna went to sea on the 26th, direct for the Western Islands, thence to Spezzia. The Potomac will Bail to-morrow either for Vera Cruz or Pennsacola. All well on board. She has been anchored the last week in the road steads of the harbor, and on account of a case of yellow fever at the Marine Hospital no com munication has been kept up with the city. A Ska Serfknt Caught at Nahant.?A large Horse Mackerel was captured near the steamboat wharf at Nahant yesterday, measur ing 9 feet in length, 6 J feet girth, and weighing near 1,000 pounds. A school of the monsters are playing about the rocks to day, affording rare sport for the fisherman in the harpoon ex ercise. Mackerel are now taken in abundance, eight barrels being the result of drawing one seine on Saturday.?Boston Traveller of Mon day. Marriage of the Kins of the Ntndwlrh lalanaa. * Advices from Ilonolula have been received at San Francisco to the 24th June. In the house of nobles, on the 19th, Prince Kameha meha declared himself the bearer of a message from his majesty, announcing his intention to unite himself in a marriage with Emma, daughter of I)r. C. T. Rooke, and grand daugh ter of the late John Young, Esq. The house returned a message assuring his majesty that the announcement wr* very agreeable to them, and that they view the event as one of great importance to the nation. Kxploalon of a Humbug. A few days siuce, a wild woman, who was being exhibited ill Cincinnati, (by a man who stated that he caught her with dogs and a las so in the Washita mountains, Texas,) was taken before the Probate Court in that city, on an " inquest of lunacy." A number of physi cians examined her and testified that she had, on more than one occasion, been a mother, and a majority of them thought her insane. She was committed to jail to await the result of the inquest. A rich journeyman printer is found out West. He is being exhibited with ring tailed monkeys, wild hogs, shaved horses, three legged calves, and other trinkets. Froiu the ClmrU>?toii Mercury. Buchanan in Slavery. From 1837, the Sate of Mr. Calhoun's fa inous slavery resolutions, and for which Mr. Buchanan voted, until the 'present time, there has beeu uo pause of Abolition agitation in Congress. About the sauie time the Texas question came up, and it at once excited, to the highest activity, the anti-slavery elements at the North. Mr. Buchauau took an early and promineut part in behalf of the annexa tion of Texas; and, in 1844, when the ques . tiou of ratification of the Treaty with Texas was before the Senate, he delivered a powerful and eloquent speech in its support. He dis cussed and refuted all the objections urged against the measure, and this in the face of remonstrances and petitions from the North, and the people of his own State, against the admission ol " more slave States." His speech ou that occasion has been much commented on, as affording evidence of Mr. Buchanan's freesoil principles. Let us examine it. Among the many considerations urged iu favor of the annexation of* Texas, by Mr. Bu chanan, there was one to which he gave special promiuence. lie asserted, in the spirit of Mr. Calhoun's resolutions, that bfee South had a right to be protected by the Federal Govern ment in her domestic institutions ; that "Texas would become a dependency of England, un less it should be annexed to the United States; and that, through the agency of English abo litionists, a servile war would be lighted up, endangering the existence of the southern States." To protect the South from such a contingency, was a conclusive argument with Mr. Buchanan in favor of annexation. But that portion of Mr. Buchanan's speech, upon which the most invidious comments have been made, and to which we call special atten tion, was as follows: "In arriving at the conclusion to support this treaty, I had to encounter but one serious obsta cle, and that was the question of slavery. Whilst I ever have maintained, and ever shall maintain, in their full force and vigor, the con stitutional rights of the Southern States over their slave property, 1 yet feel a strong repug nance by any act of mine to extend the limits of the Union over a new slaveholding territory. After mature reflection, however, I overcome these scruples, and now believe that the acqui sition of Texas will be the means of limiting not enlarging the dominion of slavery. "In the government of tho world, Provi dence generally produces great changes by gradual means. There is nothing rash in the counsels of the Almighty. May not, then, the acquisition of Texas be ihe means of gradu ally drawing the slaves far to the South, to a climate more congenial to their nature; and may they not finally pass off into Mexico, and there mingle with a race where no prejudice exists against their color. The Mexican nation is composed of Spaniards, Indians, and negroes, blended together in everr variety, who would receive our slaves wit terms of perfect social equality. To this condition they never can be admitted in tho United States. "That the acquisition of Texas would, ere long, convert Maryland, Virginia, Kentucky, Missouri, and probably others of the more Northern slave States, into free States, I enter tain no doubt. * * * * * * * "But should Texas be annexed to the Union, causes will be brought into operation which must inevitably remove slavery from what may be called the farming States. From the best information, it is no longer profitable t<> raise wheat, rye, and corn, by slave labor. Where these articles are the only staples of agriculture, in the pointed and expressive language of Mr. Randolph, if the slave does not run away from his master, the master must run away from the slave. The slave will naturally be removed from such a country, where his labor is scarce ly adequate to his own support, to a region where he can not only maintain himself, but yield large profits to his master. Texas will be an outlet, and slavery itself thus finally pass the Del Norte, and be lost in Mexico. One thing is certain, the present number of slaves cannot be increased by the annexation of Texas. " 1 have never apprehended the preponder ance of the slave States in the councils of the nation. Such I fear has always appeared to me visionary. But those who entertain such apprehensions need not be alarmed by the ac quisition of Texas. More than one-half of its territory is wholly unfit for the slave labor, and , therefore, in the nature of things, must be free. Mr. Clay, in his letter of the 17th of April last, on the subject of annexation, states that ac cording to his information? "'The territory of Texas is susceptible of a division into five States of a convenient size and form. Of these, two only would be adapt ed to those peculiar institutions (slavery) to which I have referred ; and the other three, lying west and north of San Antonio, being only adapted to farming and grazing purposes, from the nature of their soil, climate and pro ductions, would not admit of these institutions. In the end, therefore, there would be two slave and three free States probably added to the Union.' "And here, permit me to observe, that there i is one defect in the treaty which ought to be amended, if we all did not know that it is destined to be rejected. 1 he treaty itself ought to determine how many free and how many slave States should made out of this terri tory. Or it, in express terms, leaves the ques tion of slavery to be decided by those States, in their constitutions, as they severally apply for admissiin into the Union." Now, what was the position of Mr. Buchanan, according to this language? Why, simply that, ah a northern man, he had prejudices against the extension of slavery; but which prejudices, nevertheless, were not to be grati fied at the expense of the South or of her in stitutions. That, as a northern man, he de sired emancipation ; but that, as a legislator and a senator, he was bound to forego that feeling in the duty laid upon the Government by the Constitution, of " protecting and up holding" the rights of the South. That, as a northern man, in perfect consistency with these principles, and without any violation of the rights of the South, he could vote for the an nexation of Texas, on the ground that, while protecting slavery from foreign interference, it would open to it an outlet in the southwest by its own voluntary immigration. Such is the whole scope, bearing and intention of Mr. Buchanan's remarks, above quoted. The South has never "demanded of any Northern man that he should surrender his prejudices, and approve the institution of slavery. She had demanded only her constitu tional rights, leaving to all their private opin ions. Mr. Buchanan recognized her true position, lie had already sustained it in his course upon the admission of Arkansas; and now, against the remonstrances of his people and his own feelings, he again came forward, and fulfilled to the letter his constitutional ob ligations to the South. As an act of duty, and a practical recognition of her rights, his con duct deserves the greater praise because of the sacrifices of opinion and popularity which he cheerfully made. What more does the South ?can the South?ask of any man? She points to the Constitution, as the bond and term of the Union, and claims only her rights as therein guarantied. Her language has been, "differ as you will about slavery, but fulfil the compact ana let me alone." But, in order that the absurdity of the charge of Mr." Buchanan's being a " free-soiler" may, if possible, become apparent, we need only cite the fart, that two years ago, he signed the Os tend Manifesto, a document whose sole object was to acquire Cuba, out of which two or three slave States could have been formed. Here, then, is his record. The champion of the ad mission of Arkansas?the champiou of the an nexation of Texas?*-the champion of the acqui sition of Cuba?where is the taint or suspicion of freeaoilisin in all this? Whatever are Mr. Buchanan's prejudices against slavery, hij votes aud his acta are with us. Muclcty tu Virginia Judge Thuiaat H. Bayly. Society in Virgiuia is peculiar. Nowhere does it exhibit more compactness aud perma nence. Nowhere is the family tie stronger or more enduring, or the influence of ancestral memories and associations more marked iu its effects. Nowhere are the Lares and PenateB of Home held in more sacred regard. Political life in Virginia is aualagous to the social and family characteristics to which we allude. There a member of Congress is sel dom superseded unless he wishes to be; and, not unfrequently*after holding a seat for nearly a life time, he is succeeded by a son, who, in political opinions, tastes and habits, is pretty much a duplication and continuation of the paternal predecessor. There, more than any where else, it is likely, men are influenced by family traditions, and a peculiar qualification, or virtue, or even idiosyncrasy, may descend as an heir loom from generation to genera tion. These remarks are suggested by the speeches in Congress recently tnadt> on the announce ment of Judge Bayly's death, all of which show him to have been a distinguished illustration of the social and political peculiarities to which we refer. Iu the House Mr. Millson, of Vir ginia, said: ''Judge Bayly was born in the county of Ac comac, on the 11th December, 1816. He was not, as were many of the statesmen of America, reared amid privation and difficulty, if, with our imperfect perception of the dependence of human events, we can ever be warranted in pronouncing such judgments, he may, in all the circumstances of his life, be said to have been very fortunate. The confidence of his constituents, to which his own merits gave him a personal title, was strengthened by a sort of ancestral claim ; for his maternal grandfather, Gen. John Cropper, was a distinguished officer in the continental army, and his father, Colonel Thomas M. Bayly, was, with little intermis sion, for nearly forty years continued by the people in high important trusts, both in the councils of the State and of the Union. He represented in this House a portion of the same district that was lately represented by his son. "In 1830, after having completed his course of legal studies at the University of Virginia, Judge Bayly commenced the practice of the law. It was not long before his distinction at the bar challenged the notice of the people of his native county; and, as soon as he had attained the age required by the constitution of the State, he was elected to represent them in the general assembly. Of this body he remained a promi nent and conspicuous member, displaying, on frequent occasions, to the people of Virginia, those abilities which have been since so gen erally acknowledged throughoutthe Union, until he was transferred by the legislature to the bench of the general court, to fill a vncancy by the appoiutment of the late Judge Upshur as Secretary of the Navy. He continued but two years upon the bench, though the employ ment of his judicial office were bo grateful.to his personal tastes that they were only reluc tantly abandoned. The appointmeut of Mr. Wise as minister to Brazil left vacant the dis trict he had represented in Congress, and the call upon Judge Bayly, by the members of his political party, was so emphatic, and even per emptory, that though they were deemed to he in an almost hopeless minority, he resigned his judicial office, and commenced an active can vass for a seat on this floor. He was chosen by a large mnjority; and the six successive elec tions by which he has been since returned to this House, and sometimes in the face of oppo sition that seemed to be formidable, have evinced the continuance of that confidence in his ability, integrity, and patriotism, which induced the first selection. From the Speech of Mr. Mason, of Virginia* on the-same occasion, in the Senate, we make the following brief extract: "Thus of the twenty years of his continuous public service it was the fortune and merit of my distinguished friend and colleague to preserve unimpaired the confidence of his va ried constituency?at first of his native country, then at the Legislature of his native Stale, and again of a large and enlightened congressional district. "It has been strongly remarked of the section of which the deceased was a representative, that its public men are seldom changed from caprice or other insufficient cause by the con stituent body. The remark is just; and to whatever cause it should be ascribed it marks stability of purpose in the popular mind. From the nature of their pursuit* and their institutions, society assumes there more of the character of a patriarchal state than in the recurring collisions of life which attend more dense populations. Children pursue the pafhs worn by the tread of parental feet, and friend ships and alliances become hereditary. Society thus superadds obligations to those of law and judicature, and contributes much to form the character of the citizen. "In this school my deceased colleague was bred. He lived and died on the same spot where" his ancestors from England landed in 1666, and where they established the family home. He commanded the brigade which his grandfather had commanded, and he held the seat in the General Assembly of his State and in the House of Representatives which his father had occupied before him. Thus, with all the incentives of an honorable mind, he came into public life, under responsibilities at home which to betray would make that home no more. (Jp With the Krgro-DowD with the White Man. In the Wisconsin State Senate, lately a bill was passed extending the right of suffrage to the negroes of that State?yeas 16, nays 6. While this process of elevating the negro to political privileges is going on with Black Re publicanism, the same faction, in its Know nothing shape, is combatting for laws which will degrade white men who are born without the couutry, or those of Catholic faith, born in, or out of it, to the condition of helots. Mas sachusetts, the head-quarters of Rlack Repub licanism, has moved first in prosecuting the foreign-born white man to a position beneath her negroes. Abolition "shrieks for freedom" are not made for men of white blood. The negro, only, is the object of its sympathy, and for this they agitate, trampling upon law and Constitution in their zeal for his elevation. Iu its labors in this regard our German foreign citizens are especiall involved to assist abolitionism?to elevate the negro and degrade their own coun trymen. Some of the leaders claim to repu diate Know-nothingism, but it is only where the latter will not incorporate Abolitionism among its tenets. Black Republicanism, as represented in the national house of represen tatives, has five members who endorse Know nothingism where it has one who repudiates it. The latter is an acceptable artice of faith with the great mass of Abolitionists, but they re quire with the white man's degradation, the meed of honor to (he negro. It is thus " freedom shrieks," and to a par ticipation in this Kepubliran labor, white men of foreign birth are asked to lend a hand. Massachusetts having favored the negro, now moves for the proscription of the foreign born white man. Wisconsin Republicanism has taken the first step only, but give it the power, and the last step will be taken. [Springfield (Jit.) Jiegitler. A lazy fellow once declared, in a public company, that he could not find bread for the family. " Nor I," replied an industrious me chanic; " I am obliged to work for it." FROM NICARAGUA. The Revolution In Nicaragua. Our files by the Orizaba ut New York con tain lull account# of the "revolution" id Nica ragua. VVe subjoin the following; i'rom El Nicaragnenee, June 21. Flight at ltlvai and lilt Cabinet. Patricio Rivas and his Cabinet have deserted bag and baggage! We breathe freer! The' treason which all expected has transpired, and j. KOVwnment has no further necessity to divide its counsels with those in whom it has no confidence I On Wednesday, the 14th day of June, (Jen era! W alker left Leon, after a most affecting parting with his Excellency at the barrier. A* this tune Leon was guarded by native soldiers, l'he Americans interfered with nothing, that the city might feel perfectly safe under the guardianship of troops drawn from its own vicinity. The day after General Walker left Colonel Escobar, commander of the native gar rison, informed Colonel Brano Natzmer that the native force was not sufficient to keep guard, and requested a detail of Ainericau.s Compliance was signified, and an American wuldier stationed at the entrance of the Princi pal or Government house. Senpr Salizar, Min ister of War, thereupon mounted his horse and rode down to the barriers bare-headed, where he informed the rabble, in an official harangue that the Americans had seized the Principal and were about to murder the President and his Cabinet. In his speech he also took occa sion to advise the people that the Americans were going to burn down the churches and destroy the religion of the country. A great excitement was the result, during which the President and his advisers took flight for Chi nandega. The Americans in the meantime were innocent in knowledge of what was pro ceeding j and although they knew there was a hubbub about something they very naturally thought it was some public day among the people, when they had a right to be excited Don Patricio Rivas. President of the Repub lic, Don Sebastian Salinas, Secretary of State Don Maximo Jerez, Secretary of War, aud Don I-rancisco Baca, Minister of Public Credit, all lied to Chinandega, leaving Don Ferrer, the only true and loyal Democrat connected with the late administration, in this city. From Chinandega, Don Maximo Jerez, in his capacity as Minister of War, sent word to Realejo to suspend the public work of fortify ing that place, and directed that the place' be dismantled of its present armament. Orders were also sent to Col. Natzmer, in command at Leon, to withdraw his sentry from the Prin cipal, and allow each of tbp four towers of the Cathedral to be garrisoned by fifty soldiers of the. .country. The frontier picquets were all called in and a very general order carried out to leave the State open to the army of inva sion which were known to be advancing on Leon. The President expressed great fear of his life, and stated that the above regulations were necessary for his safety. 1 he order sent to Colonel Natzmer was not obeyed until it was submitted to Gen Walker who immediately ordered the American com mander m-Leon to comply with the mandates of the Minister of War, and, further, to with draw with his whole force from that city. At the time Gen. Walker gave the above command, he was in Nagarote, at the head of 2o0 troops, marching on to Leon; but after giving the order, he stopped at Managua until the nlle battalion, under Col. Natzmer, arrived when he left for Oranada, accompanied by the Hangers. J President Rivas and his cabinet, with the exception of Don Fermin Ferrer, are now in Leon; but the Commander will have no further communication with them. They are known to have made propositions to the enemies of the country, inviting them to invade Nicaragua and General Walker intends to leave them with their new friends. After the flight of the President from Leon, the people of that city became uneasy at the speech of Senor Salixar, and anxiously in quired of the Fathers of the Church if there was any truth in the statement that the Amer icans intended to destroy the religion of the land. The Vicar of Leon, a pood and faithful man, instantly denied the calumny, and or dered all the priests to declare on Sunday that the report was untrue. The people again be came reconciled, and the revulsion is strongly against President Rivas and his advisers. Addre.. or General Walker to the People of Nicaragua. I came to Nicaragua to secure its peace and prosperity. With this view I signed the treaty of the 20th October last, and assisted to up hold the government organized under its pro visions. But the government, far from aiding me to carry out the agreement of that treaty, has thrown obstacles in the way, and has ended by endeavoring to stir up civil strife within the Republic. Strange as it may appear, the late Rivas administration has attempted to create troubles and difficulties, and war between the people and the Americans they have invited hither. It was not enough that the Americans should endure the pestilence at Granada for the pur pose of conciliating the late provisional gov ernment, and receive no compensation for the services they rendered at the expense of so much sufferings and so much death. It was not enough that they should pour out their blood at Rivas, in order to maintain the peace and honor of the State, and then the govern ment refuse to provide them with the bare necessaries of life. Ingratitude was not suffi cient to satisfy the craving for infamy which consumed the vitals of government, and trea son became necessary in order to furnish fresh food to the appetite for obloquy and contempt. 'I hey seek to repay their debt to the Americans by exciting the people against their benefac tors. It is thus manifest that the late provisional government has not only failed to fulfil its promises to the Americans, and its duties to the people, but is guilty of the enormous crime of instigating its citizens to civil war. And to aid it in these objects it has coalesced with the armed and declared enemies of the Republic?with the forces an illiterate savage attempts to pour over the plains of Nicaragua. In addition, the government has attempted to prolong its existence by taking from the nle the privilege of electing their own rulers. j as if farther to mark its hatred for free dom, it has banished from the State a Cuban patriot, who, despairing for the present of his own country, has sought in this land the honor of using his sword in defence of liberty and progress. With Buch accumulated crimes?conspiring against the very people it was bound to pro tect?the late provisional government is no longer worthy of existence. In the name of the people I have, therefore, declared its dis solution, and have organized a provisional government until the nation exercises its natu ral right of electing its own rulers. WILLIAM WALKER Granada, June 30, 1856. Tl>? Prrtlririity, ,Don Fermin Ferrer, Minister of Hacienda, was appointed Provisional President of the Re public during the interregnum between the flight of a new president by the people. Of the new election, Kl Nicaraguense of June 2, says; "Sunday, Monday and Tuesday were consumj ed in receiving votes for President of the repub lic. The people took a very general interest in the election, and all the natives walked up and put in a straight ballot for General Walker. Amongst the Americans, who are allowed to vote under the constitution of the State, many cast their ballots for Don Fermin Ferrer, while the great majority voted for the General. At Mas saya, a fever seized the people, and they went to the polls in solid phalanx and put Gen Walker through without a dissenting vote." Mlitcellaneoua. A silver mine in Chontules, owned by Major ' J. P. Ileitis, of Washington, had been opened, and twenty tons of ore were shipped to England by the British steamer Clyde, which sailed from San Juan on the tith inst. It is estimated, from primary assays made at the mine, that this ore will yield from $700 to $800 per tou. Many of Walkers soldiers who enlisted for a short term of service have received their dis charges, taken up laud and gone to farming. The country was very healthy and not a single death bad occur/ed among the Americans tor three weeks. From El Nicaraguense, June 6 The luvaiton of Nicaragua by Guatemala and Ran Salvador. By advices from Guatemala and San Salvador to the 5th inst. we are in possession of the fact that, without any oilicial declaration of war, the government of these two States had combined in a hostile league against this republic, and the vanguard of an invading force whs already in the field and on the road hither. From Leon, the present seat of government, we have the official proclamation of thisgovernmentdirected against Guatemala, that unless that State recognized the existing government of Nicaragua, this republic would be forced to the extremity of a declaration of war, to vindicate its honor. Thus both Slates have assumed an attitude of hostility; and already the anxiety consequent on a condi tion of war agitates the people's minds. PUKT11UK CAL.IFOUK1A NICWS. The Dolnga of the Vigilance Committee. The New York Post learns from parties who have just arrived from San Francisco that the Vigilance Committee will be able to maintain their ground until the next general election, which is to take place in September, and the people shall have elected and placed in power a different class of men to work the govern ment, and one in harmony with the feelings of the honest portion of the population. At present, it is said, San Francisco looks more like a quiet small Connecticut city than a busy metropolis. More than two-thirds of the stores are closed. The Anti-vigilance Committee Side. The only paper in San Francisco opposed to the committee istheDaily Herald?and in order to place the version of both parties before our readers, we copy the comments upon the posture of affairs made in that journal on the day of the departure of the steamer as follows: '"To the people of the Eastern States, who, cognizant of the growing rebellion in the heart of this metropolis, will look anxiously to the news by the outgoing steamer for tidings of its suppression, we beg to state that the Governor, aided by the State officers, his advisers, and by the best citizens ofevery county in the common wealth, is using all means at his command to crush out this festering treason. The ill-advised refusal of the general commanding the Pacific department to furnish the State with arms and ammunition on the requisition of Gov. Johnson, for the purpose of putting a speedy end to the insurrection, has retarded the operations set on foot for the termination of the rebellion; but that refusal has but inflamed the zeal of those loyal and patriotic citizens who have responded to the call of the Governor for the maintenance of the law; and their ardor has already over come almost every difficulty in their path. " We are in hopes that the immense force now in process of organization, when exhibited, will be sufficient, without striking a blow, to prove to the misguided men who at present defy the laws that it will be idle to attempt to maintain their position. Arms and ammunition are being con centrated at various points; men am being drilled and exercised in the use of a pre parations the most formidable in exu it and purpose are in progress, so that when a demon stration is at length made, it will be such a one as to crush out finally and forever the spirit of rebellion in California. By all those who sustain the Governor it is fervently hoped that it may not be necessary to spill a single drop of blood; at the same time that the liberties of the people and the reputation of the State being at stake, the whole power of the government will be used to extinguish the existing rebelliou. The State will not recede from its position. "General Wool's course has retarded the extinction of this riotous organization; but it is nevertheless a mere question of time; aud even should the President of the United States follow the lead of his military representative on the Pacific, and violate the guarantees of the Constitution, the result will be the same in the end. The people of the Staft* will assert their sovereignty over this cabal at all hazards. We have every faith, however, that the Presi dent will do his duty." Interview with I he Governor. A deputation from San Francisco had wuited upon Governor Johnson and requested him to withdraw his proclamation placing San Fran cisco under martial law. This interview took place at Benicia on the 7tb June. Governor Johnson in his reply says: " By virtue of the constitution of this State it is made my duty to enforce the execution of the laws. This duty I shall perform; and if unhappily a collision occurs, and injury to life or property result, the responsibility must rest upon those who disregard the authority of the State," The Vigilance Cominlttfc Hide. It is said that the opponents of the commit tee have determined upon the following plan te conquer the committee: Cannon are to be placed upon Goat Island, Telegraph Hill, Rin con Point, and the head of Sacramento street; and unless a surrender is made a grand can nonading will commence simultaneously, from the four points, upon "Fort Vigilance," re gardless of the lives of the women and children, to say nothing of the members of the com mittee. The committee secured an addition of thir teen hundred stand of muskets from a ship lying in the harbor. This swells their number to about five thousand, and furnishes them all that is necessary for their defence. Most of their guns are kept loaded and ready for use at a moment's warning. The rooms were filled on the 8th ultimo, from morning till night with men holding themselves in readiness to defend the quarters in well as the principles of the committee. General Wool has ordered a vessel down from Benicia to ship the United States guns now lying at Hincon Point to headquarters, at Renicia ; and also has stati6ned a strong guard at the arsenal, with lighted torches, and will use his official power to prevent the State au thorities from taking any of tho arms of the Federal Government. Nollrr to Leave. The committee have, bo far, disposed of twenty-two suspicious characters; two have been hung, one committed suicide, and nine teen have been Vanished or have received notice to leave. The Herbert Cue. Intelligence of the killing of the waiter Kea ting, at Washington, had been received in Cali fornia. The San Francisco papers are very in dignant at the disgrace brought upon the State by iMr. Herbert's conduct, and express their opinions upon his character and antecedents with great freedom. Mr. Gardner, who was his companion in tho afl'rav, and a witness on the trial, is also spoken of with much severity. (Jreat Suffering among the California Paaaengers hy wajr of Nicaragua ? one hundred and twenty deaths. The True Califurnian gives the following account of the dreadful sufferings endured by th? passengers who left New York in April last for California, via Nicaragua : The steamer Orizaba left New Yoik on the 8th of April, with some five hundred passenges fur California, by way of Nicaragua. On the 16th she arrived at San Juan, and the passen gers disembarked, liy means of open boats they started up the river during a soaking rain. The exposure caused them much suffering. When they arrived at Castilla, they were in formed that the transit across the country was closed ; and after two days' delay, during which they were constantly exposed to the feather, they were told that if they chose they could return to New York, but only fifteen minutes were allowed them ; mid as they were compelled to abandon their baggage in case they con cluded to go back, three hundred determined to push on. They were taken to Granada, where they were detained a month, notwithstanding that un epidemic was prevailing there. Here the most fearful disease commenced to raue among them. In four weeks seventy-nine of the three hundred were buried. During this time they Hufl'ered every privation?many were without means, and those who had money were com pelled to put up with extortion and robbery at every hand. On the 20th May, in the evening, news reached Granada of the arrival of the Sierra Nevada, at San Juan del Sur, and three hours were given the surviving passengers, sick and well, to get on board the Lake steumer. At the time it was pouring rain and pitch dark. The sick were carried down in the best manner possible, all getting thoroughly drenched. Upon reaching the landing of the lake steamer, they were kept in the rain until all had exhibited their tickets, which detained them several hours. Finally, all were crowded on board ; but before morning three of the sick died and were Bent on shore. On the Lake steamer the scene is described as having been dreadful. The passengers were crowded together like like sheep in a pen. There was scarcely room for the sick to lie down. For nineteen hours they were thus con fined, suffering every torture of body and of mind. Several poor wretches gave up the ghost on the boat, and others died while attempting the journey from the Lake to San Juan. After they embarked in the Sierra Nevada the sickness broke out again, and during the passage from San Juan to this port thirty-three deaths occurred. The suffering on the Sierra Nevada beggars all description. The officers of the steamer did all in their power to alleviate their suffer ings, but this was little. No time was lost in disposing of the dead, and the body was hardly allowed to get cold before it was thrown over board. The safety of the living demanded that there should be no unnecessary detention of the dead. Never give way to melancholy: nothing encroaches more; I fight against it rigorously. One great remedy is, to take short views of life. Are you happy now? Are you likely to remain so till this evening? or next week? or next month? or next year ? theu why destroy present happiness by a distant misery, which may never come at all, or you may never live to see it? for every substantial grief has twenty shadows, and most of them shadows of your own making.?Sidney Smith. The following States will hold their elections previous to the great contest for the Presidency : Kentucky Aug. 4 Alabama Aug. 4 Texas' Aug. 4 Missouri. Aug 4 ArUHiifrts Aug. 4 N. Carolina Aug. 7 Tennessee . ..Aug. 7 Vermont Sep'. 2 California Sept. 4 Maine* Sept. 8 Georgia Oct. 0 Florida Oct. 6 Pennsylvania. .Oct. 14 Ohio Oct. 14 Iiidiaua Oct. 14 S. Carolina... .Oct. 14 On the Orleans railway in France people can now go to bed?fairly undress, and have as good a night's rest as they could get under a four poster. For this the traveller pays the price of two seats. It is a fact worth noticing that three of the most popular Democratic Presidents have been called James: James Madison, James Monroe, and James K. Polk?James Buchanan will make the fourth of the series. Delicate.?Exceedingly modest young la dy?"Isn't this a very pretty baby, Mr. brown?*' Brown?u Yes my dear, boy or girl." Young lady?"He belongs to the female persuasion, sir." Recipe for making a Cement to tlepalr liroken Clilnawire. From an English almanac we a long time since cut a recipe for mending cbinaware, and the opportunity having occurred for testing its virtues, we found it admirable, the fracture be ing scarcely visible after the article had been repaired. It is thus made: Take a very thick solutioti of gum arabic dissolved in water, and stir into it plaster of Paris uutil the mixture becomes a viscous paste. Apply it with a brush to the fractured edges, and stick them together. In three days the article cannot be broken in the same place. The whiteness of the cement renders it doubly valuable.?Ex change. Cv~ Itiirlianan and llrecklnrIdge Club.? The regular meetings of thin Club will b? held at their Koom on the corner ol 13th street and Pa. avenue, on Friday evening of each week, at S o'clock. Members of the Club are expected to be punc tual in their attendance. J. W. IRWIN, Cor. Sec. M. SNYDER &l SON, BANKERS, DEALERS IN LAND WARRANT8 AM) OOMKSTIC EXCHANGE, No. HHW, Penn. Av., (National Hotel building.) Washington fit)-, l>. C. THIS PEOPLE*' NEW EDITION. IN PRESS, and will be published linmedU ately, THE LIFE AND PUBLIC SERVICES or THK HON. JAMKS BUCHANAN, With Portrait fiom a Photograph by Brady. 12mo. Taper. 25 cents. Dealers and Committees supplied at low rates. Addrenn orders to the Publishers LIVERMORE Ac RtJDD, 310 Broadway, New Vork. Juue 28?3l HYfiEIA HOTEL, Old Point Comfort.? This most delightful Summer Resort, thr mom inviting on the Southern seal>oard, lor varied attraction excelled by none in the country, convenient to the salt bath and all the luxuries of the salt water region, in broad view ol Hampton Road* ana the Cbesspeake Bay, and with an exteimive military post beside it, has passed to the proprietorship ot the undersigned, and will be opened lor the public reception ou the IOth of June, after which date it will not be again closed. To no locality in all the land can the votary ol pleasure or the seeker for health resort with (?etter assurance of gratification. Di?ea?e at Old Point Comtort any Season is almost unknown; for health, indeed, it rivals the most secluded retreat ol' the mountain interior. For the chief management the proprietor has engSKed a gentleman who pos?e*?^s the best aptitude for the management ol a lirsl-class watering place, while ln? own *>upervtston will guard the comfort of guest* and the reputation of the establishment. may 20?3taw3m JOS. SEGAR. "THE MOUNTAIN lOVU^ At Capon Mpringa, Vs., \\T ILL be 0|>en?d lor the reception of visitors ff on Monday, th#16th dny of June. Ttrmt for Hoard. First week SI2 Second week 10 Third week tt Four weeks or 98 days (1 month).... 35 Children and colored servants half price. T. L. BLAKEMORE, Proprietor. May 27? 1 m i OONQ n BBS. In the Senate, oq the tilieeutb instant, tbe i House bill appropriating titty thousand dollars for the construction of a road from Fort Ridgely, in Minnesota Territory, to tbe South Past of the Ro<ky Mountains, in Nebraska Territory, was passed. The Senate also passed the bill amendatory of the act to promote the efficiency of the navy? | yeas 26, nays 11.' L This bill pr poses to restore, through u court of inqui'y, such meritorious officers as were Bg | grieved by tbe action of the late naval board; those reported upon favorably to be re-appointed by the President, by and with the advice and con sent of the Senate. In the House op Rkpbkhkntativk*, a resolu tion was passed?yeas 10f>. nays 96, declaring the disappiobatiou ol the House of ihe conduct of Mr Keitt in connection with the a*rault upon Mr. Sumner; and the resolution ol the select committee proposing similarly to censure Mr. Edmund-on, was disagreed to?yeas t?(), nays 130 Tbe charge against these gentlemen whs tbm tliey knew of the contemplated ai-aanlt, but took no measure to prevent it; in other words, it Was proposed to punish them, not as accessories, but for not betr?ying private confidence. I.N i ue Senate, yesterday, the bill supplemen tary to the net to amend the several acts respect ing copyrights, approved April 31, and the bill providing for the tinal adjustment of questions of title to swamp lauds between private claimants and tbe State of Louisiana, were passed. Mr. Jones, of Tennessee, made a speech in favor of the Three Miltiou Armament bill, when tbe Sen te went into an executive session. In the House of Representatives, Mr. Keitt made a speech with reference to the censure re cently passed upon him in connection with the Sumner as ault, saying in concluaion, he bad' re signed his seat as a representative from South Carolina. Sometime was spent in the consideration ol the Illinois coutestei. election case; but without coming to a conclusion upon the subject, the IIou.se adjourned. WASHINGTON INFIKMAKY. I)ERM)NS requiring Ho-pi? al attendance are I invited, as n-ual, to the Wa?hin|loii Infirma ry, wiiicb institution is under the professional charge of the faculty of the National Medical College, and is provided with a resident physi cian, several medical assistants, and competent nurses. The following resolutions of the Board of Directors are published to correct nuy mir-ap prehension that may exist in r< gard 10 the usagea of the institution in relatio 1 to patients: Rrsolved, That we invite the medii al profes sion generally to place in the Infirmary any patient or patients that they think inay he benefited by hospital advantages and treat them as their private patieuts, subject of course to the discipline of the house Resolved, That, during the term of service of the attending physician and surgeon his services are given gratuitously to whatever patients may enter the common ward" of the Infirmary; but it is expected that persons placing themselves under his care as private patients should remunerate him a? in attendance e'sewhere. Rr.'olved, That nny physician or surgeon attach unn the Infirmary who may be required by a patient in I he institution to render his professional services, who at the time is not in attend.mce upon the inmates of the institution lor such period a* is allotted to him in the ttivi-'on of the term of service with his colleague*, shall have liberty to charge him as under the conditions attending the ord'iisry relation between patient and physic an. R^oU'td, That it would be an act of gross injustice to the profession to receive into the In firm.iry and attend > rahul iiialy any patient whose circumstances would enable hun to render com pensation for medical services to physicians out of the Institution. THOMAS MILLER, M. D., jiil ? 17?.ltd Curator Washington Infirmary. MIDDLETON'S ICE/ Out* price and full supply guarantied. THE Subscriber, having succeeded iu filling all his houses with Ice of a very superior quality, and haviug the most extensive facilities for conducting the trade, Is now fully prepared to make contracts for the ensuing season, and feela confident that the luterest of consumers v ill'be advanced by giving it their attention. Persons in any part of Washington will be supplied punctually according to contract, either for the season, (viz: from 1st May to 1st October, or for the entire year. To avoid mistakes and trouble in settling ac counts, contracts should he made, if possible, with the proprietor, and not left eutirely with servants and those delivering the Ice. Tickets it used at all must be paid for on delivery unless otherwise arranged. Customers leaving the city for more than ten days at a tune, by giving notice at the office, will be entitled to a proper deduction; without such uotice no deduction will be made. Notice of change of reMdence, if given at the office, will prevent disappointment. Complaints against drivers for neglect, careless ness, or any other csuse, should be made at tha office. Ice kept constantly on hand al the office, and can be bad in larg<? or small quantities Orders can be left at the following placea or ent through the Post Office: Nairn Sc 1'ai.mkr, Penn. avenue and 9th street. Z D. Gilmam, Penn. avenue, between 6th and *7lh streets. W. H. Gilmam, Pennsylvania avenue and 4$ street. Dr. T. C. McIniirk, 7th and I streets. Foau At Bro., Penn. avenue and 11th street Kidglkt'*, Seven Buildings. '/. M. P. K no, corner 15J and I streets. H. H. McPherkon, Capitol Hill. L. R. Holmkad, Maryland avenue and 7th street. F. S. Walsh, Navy Yard. Dyson, corner of Penn. avenue dr 12th street. L.J. MIDDLETON, Office and Depot southwest cor. F snd 12th street*. ^WINCHESTER MEDICAL COLLEGE. | WI>CHE*TKR, VIRGINIA.] fpHE next Annual Hcasioti of this liiatl X lution will commence on the 1st of October, and continue until May following. FACULTY. Hugh II. McGuire, M. D., Professor of Surgery and Physiology ; J. Philip Smith, M. D., Professor of Practice of Medicine and Obatetrics; Alfred n. Tucker, M. D., Professor of Anatomy, Chem istry, and Materia Medics. Fees for the whole course, $100; matriculation fee. 93; dissecting ticket, (once only,) S10 ; diplo ma lee, S'-iO. The course pursued is that of datly examina tions on the preceding lecture; generally but two and never more thnn three lectures are delivered during the day. The study of practical anatomy may be pursued at a trifling expense. Clinical ectures delivered during tlie session. By a recent act of the General Assembly, the College educates fi))r*n young inen from the State of Virginia, fr^e oi all expense for tuition, use of rooms, Sec. It is required that applicants should be of good, moral character, and unable to pur sue their studies at their own expense. For fur ther information apply to ALFRED B. TUCKER, M. D., Dean. May 1?3twQl Mathematical Dft?TlONAM% a?* Cyclopedia of Mathematical Science, com prising definitions of all the terms employed in Mathematics, aa analysis of each branch, and ot the whole as forming a single science, by Charles Uavies, L. L. D., author of h complete course of Mathematics, and Win. G. feck, A. M., Assist ant Professor of Mathematics United States Mili tary Aca?lemy. Just pnl>li?hed, and tor sale at the Bookstore of R FARNHAM. (^OlIRT OK CLAIM*.? 1 Mgeated sumiiia j ry and alpli ibetical list of private claims which have been presented to the House of Rep resentatives from the First to the Thirty first Con gress, exhibiting the action of Congress on each claim, wiih reference to the journals, reports, bills, c., elucidating its progress, compiled by order oi the House of Representatives. A few copics for sale by ft, FARNHAM. / -i AI'Ti ICK'S*?Just received a large aa (jC sort ment of Pate De Foiea Graa, from Stras I'lirc, in small and larre jars. Jan 22?tf C OAUTIE*.