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Washington sentinel. (City of Washington [D.C.]) 1853-1856, July 17, 1856, Image 3

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ItlCHAltDSON'M ATHOIPUKH/C T1CL.K
UKAPU.
Several days ago, the Senate of the United
Platen had under consideration the hill appro
priating $75,000 to enable the Postmaster
General to make a practical experiment of the
atmospheric telegraph, and to test its practica
bility and usefulness for the conveyance of the
United States mails.
Mr. Collamer, in response to an objection
which was interposed, reminded the Senate thut
an appropriation was made to test the practica
bility of Morse's Telegraph, and it might huve
been added, that during the period of the Mex
ican war, ten thousand dollars were appro
priated to test the use of the " Greek lire,"
for which we now have no occasion, the burn
ing liquid having been superseded by the more
valuable articles of gunpowder aud cannon
balls. Besides, an appropriation of $30,000
(we think) was made to enable Professor Page
to test the application of magnetism to loco
motive purposes. We only mention these
things to show that precedents are not wanting
for such appropriations.
Mr. Tlrompson, of Kentucky, opposed the
proposition, characterizing it as one to " try
au experiment," which he said was "silly."
He remarked his friend from Florida (Mr.
Mallory) had "made a very learned, philoso
phical, scientific report upon it;" but he
" would uot undertake to answer it by figures
and facts, bocause" he "could not do it."
"But,as to this machine," ho continued, ",it is
a machine, I think, to take from Uncle Sam
$75,000." On the same principle, a railroad
car might be called a machine," to take from
the echequer of our beloved political relative
some of the surplus dollars, for the perform
ance of a valuable and indispensable service.
The senator's courtesy aud fair-dealing are not
here questioned ; but would it not be just to
the ingenious gentleman to give him an oppor
tunity of demonstrating the usefulness of his
invention ?
Now, Mr. ltichardson has four months been
exhibiting his " machine" in the rotundo of
the Capitol to thousands of admiring specta
tors. The working of the model amply de
monstrates the certainty of the movements on
an extended scale. No mere theory is assert
ed?the movements of the " telegraph" speak
for themselves, to the plainest capacity. We
doubt not that Mr. Richardson could soon con
vince the moat sceptical. Because there have
beeu failures in regard to other subjects, the
plea should not apply to the prejudice of the
one of which we are now speaking. With
equal propriety it might be urged that man is
incapable of self-government, because of "fail
ures" in the countries of the old world. In
view of the important events to be achieved,
the sum required to test the practicability of
the inv^ption falls into insignificance.
Important from Mexico.
By a passenger, woo arrived from Savannah
in the steamship Florida, we Have direct news
from Mexico, lie left the capitol on the 2d,
and Vera Cruz on the oth instant.
The expected decree, declaring that the
clergy shall not be permitted to centralize
property in their own hands, waa officially pro
mulgated in the city of Mexico on the 28tli of
last month.
The people seemed to be generally well sat
isfied with this measure, and numerous con
gratulations had poured in on President Co
inonfort, in view of this important step.
The next feature of the programme, relative
to the clergy, it is understood, will be the ex
pulsion of the Jesuits.
The Congress had passed an important bill,
guaranteeing liberty of conscience, aside from
political interference.
The Spanish difficulties had been all amica
bly arranged, and the Spanish Minister was
officially received on the 26th ultimo.
The porta were all open for emigrants, and
general comparative quietness reigned.?Netc
York Express.
The Wheelbarrow Man.
Col. Fremont was commended to the north
ern Republicans as a macvellous proper man
for the Presidency chiefly because he bad ex
plored aud mapped out the Rocky Mountains.
Some years ago, a man started from the At
lantic States with a wheelbarrow, and tugged
all the way to California over those same Rocky
Mountains. Now, we should like to know on
what principle of justice the claims of the ori
ginal wheelbarrow man were overlooked at
Philadelphia.
Besides, if men are to be made Presidents of,
?imply because they are good travellers, Steep
rock, the Indian, bad a pre-ernptionary claim
to the Philadelphia nomination. Justice, too,
should have been done, to "the man that
walked a thousand miles in a thousand hours."
Bali, lie pub.
Naval.?A letter dated Key West, July Ctby
?ays:
The steam frigate Susquehanna went to sea
on the 26th, direct for the Western Islands,
thence to Spezzia.
The Potomac will Bail to-morrow either for
Vera Cruz or Pennsacola. All well on board.
She has been anchored the last week in the road
steads of the harbor, and on account of a case
of yellow fever at the Marine Hospital no com
munication has been kept up with the city.
A Ska Serfknt Caught at Nahant.?A
large Horse Mackerel was captured near the
steamboat wharf at Nahant yesterday, measur
ing 9 feet in length, 6 J feet girth, and weighing
near 1,000 pounds. A school of the monsters
are playing about the rocks to day, affording
rare sport for the fisherman in the harpoon ex
ercise. Mackerel are now taken in abundance,
eight barrels being the result of drawing one
seine on Saturday.?Boston Traveller of Mon
day.
Marriage of the Kins of the Ntndwlrh
lalanaa. *
Advices from Ilonolula have been received
at San Francisco to the 24th June. In the
house of nobles, on the 19th, Prince Kameha
meha declared himself the bearer of a message
from his majesty, announcing his intention to
unite himself in a marriage with Emma,
daughter of I)r. C. T. Rooke, and grand daugh
ter of the late John Young, Esq. The house
returned a message assuring his majesty that
the announcement wr* very agreeable to them,
and that they view the event as one of great
importance to the nation.
Kxploalon of a Humbug.
A few days siuce, a wild woman, who was
being exhibited ill Cincinnati, (by a man who
stated that he caught her with dogs and a las
so in the Washita mountains, Texas,) was
taken before the Probate Court in that city, on
an " inquest of lunacy." A number of physi
cians examined her and testified that she had,
on more than one occasion, been a mother,
and a majority of them thought her insane.
She was committed to jail to await the result
of the inquest.
A rich journeyman printer is found
out West. He is being exhibited with ring
tailed monkeys, wild hogs, shaved horses, three
legged calves, and other trinkets.
Froiu the ClmrU>?toii Mercury.
Buchanan in Slavery.
From 1837, the Sate of Mr. Calhoun's fa
inous slavery resolutions, and for which Mr.
Buchanan voted, until the 'present time, there
has beeu uo pause of Abolition agitation in
Congress. About the sauie time the Texas
question came up, and it at once excited, to
the highest activity, the anti-slavery elements
at the North. Mr. Buchauau took an early
and promineut part in behalf of the annexa
tion of Texas; and, in 1844, when the ques
. tiou of ratification of the Treaty with Texas
was before the Senate, he delivered a powerful
and eloquent speech in its support. He dis
cussed and refuted all the objections urged
against the measure, and this in the face of
remonstrances and petitions from the North,
and the people of his own State, against the
admission ol " more slave States." His speech
ou that occasion has been much commented
on, as affording evidence of Mr. Buchanan's
freesoil principles. Let us examine it.
Among the many considerations urged iu
favor of the annexation of* Texas, by Mr. Bu
chanan, there was one to which he gave special
promiuence. lie asserted, in the spirit of Mr.
Calhoun's resolutions, that bfee South had a
right to be protected by the Federal Govern
ment in her domestic institutions ; that "Texas
would become a dependency of England, un
less it should be annexed to the United States;
and that, through the agency of English abo
litionists, a servile war would be lighted up,
endangering the existence of the southern
States." To protect the South from such a
contingency, was a conclusive argument with
Mr. Buchanan in favor of annexation.
But that portion of Mr. Buchanan's speech,
upon which the most invidious comments have
been made, and to which we call special atten
tion, was as follows:
"In arriving at the conclusion to support this
treaty, I had to encounter but one serious obsta
cle, and that was the question of slavery.
Whilst I ever have maintained, and ever shall
maintain, in their full force and vigor, the con
stitutional rights of the Southern States over
their slave property, 1 yet feel a strong repug
nance by any act of mine to extend the limits
of the Union over a new slaveholding territory.
After mature reflection, however, I overcome
these scruples, and now believe that the acqui
sition of Texas will be the means of limiting
not enlarging the dominion of slavery.
"In the government of tho world, Provi
dence generally produces great changes by
gradual means. There is nothing rash in the
counsels of the Almighty. May not, then, the
acquisition of Texas be ihe means of gradu
ally drawing the slaves far to the South, to a
climate more congenial to their nature; and
may they not finally pass off into Mexico, and
there mingle with a race where no prejudice
exists against their color. The Mexican nation
is composed of Spaniards, Indians, and negroes,
blended together in everr variety, who would
receive our slaves wit terms of perfect social
equality. To this condition they never can be
admitted in tho United States.
"That the acquisition of Texas would, ere
long, convert Maryland, Virginia, Kentucky,
Missouri, and probably others of the more
Northern slave States, into free States, I enter
tain no doubt.
* * * * * * *
"But should Texas be annexed to the Union,
causes will be brought into operation which
must inevitably remove slavery from what may
be called the farming States. From the best
information, it is no longer profitable t<> raise
wheat, rye, and corn, by slave labor. Where
these articles are the only staples of agriculture,
in the pointed and expressive language of Mr.
Randolph, if the slave does not run away from
his master, the master must run away from the
slave. The slave will naturally be removed
from such a country, where his labor is scarce
ly adequate to his own support, to a region
where he can not only maintain himself, but
yield large profits to his master. Texas will be
an outlet, and slavery itself thus finally pass the
Del Norte, and be lost in Mexico. One thing is
certain, the present number of slaves cannot be
increased by the annexation of Texas.
" 1 have never apprehended the preponder
ance of the slave States in the councils of the
nation. Such I fear has always appeared to
me visionary. But those who entertain such
apprehensions need not be alarmed by the ac
quisition of Texas. More than one-half of its
territory is wholly unfit for the slave labor, and ,
therefore, in the nature of things, must be free.
Mr. Clay, in his letter of the 17th of April last,
on the subject of annexation, states that ac
cording to his information?
"'The territory of Texas is susceptible of a
division into five States of a convenient size
and form. Of these, two only would be adapt
ed to those peculiar institutions (slavery) to
which I have referred ; and the other three,
lying west and north of San Antonio, being
only adapted to farming and grazing purposes,
from the nature of their soil, climate and pro
ductions, would not admit of these institutions.
In the end, therefore, there would be two slave
and three free States probably added to the
Union.'
"And here, permit me to observe, that there
i is one defect in the treaty which ought to
be amended, if we all did not know that it is
destined to be rejected. 1 he treaty itself ought
to determine how many free and how many
slave States should made out of this terri
tory. Or it, in express terms, leaves the ques
tion of slavery to be decided by those States,
in their constitutions, as they severally apply
for admissiin into the Union."
Now, what was the position of Mr. Buchanan,
according to this language? Why, simply
that, ah a northern man, he had prejudices
against the extension of slavery; but which
prejudices, nevertheless, were not to be grati
fied at the expense of the South or of her in
stitutions. That, as a northern man, he de
sired emancipation ; but that, as a legislator
and a senator, he was bound to forego that
feeling in the duty laid upon the Government
by the Constitution, of " protecting and up
holding" the rights of the South. That, as a
northern man, in perfect consistency with these
principles, and without any violation of the
rights of the South, he could vote for the an
nexation of Texas, on the ground that, while
protecting slavery from foreign interference,
it would open to it an outlet in the southwest
by its own voluntary immigration. Such is
the whole scope, bearing and intention of Mr.
Buchanan's remarks, above quoted.
The South has never "demanded of any
Northern man that he should surrender his
prejudices, and approve the institution of
slavery. She had demanded only her constitu
tional rights, leaving to all their private opin
ions. Mr. Buchanan recognized her true
position, lie had already sustained it in his
course upon the admission of Arkansas; and
now, against the remonstrances of his people
and his own feelings, he again came forward,
and fulfilled to the letter his constitutional ob
ligations to the South. As an act of duty, and
a practical recognition of her rights, his con
duct deserves the greater praise because of the
sacrifices of opinion and popularity which he
cheerfully made. What more does the South
?can the South?ask of any man? She points
to the Constitution, as the bond and term of
the Union, and claims only her rights as therein
guarantied. Her language has been, "differ
as you will about slavery, but fulfil the compact
ana let me alone."
But, in order that the absurdity of the charge
of Mr." Buchanan's being a " free-soiler" may,
if possible, become apparent, we need only cite
the fart, that two years ago, he signed the Os
tend Manifesto, a document whose sole object
was to acquire Cuba, out of which two or three
slave States could have been formed. Here,
then, is his record. The champion of the ad
mission of Arkansas?the champiou of the an
nexation of Texas?*-the champion of the acqui
sition of Cuba?where is the taint or suspicion
of freeaoilisin in all this? Whatever are Mr.
Buchanan's prejudices against slavery, hij
votes aud his acta are with us.
Muclcty tu Virginia Judge Thuiaat H.
Bayly.
Society in Virgiuia is peculiar. Nowhere
does it exhibit more compactness aud perma
nence. Nowhere is the family tie stronger or
more enduring, or the influence of ancestral
memories and associations more marked iu its
effects. Nowhere are the Lares and PenateB
of Home held in more sacred regard.
Political life in Virginia is aualagous to the
social and family characteristics to which we
allude. There a member of Congress is sel
dom superseded unless he wishes to be; and,
not unfrequently*after holding a seat for nearly
a life time, he is succeeded by a son, who, in
political opinions, tastes and habits, is pretty
much a duplication and continuation of the
paternal predecessor. There, more than any
where else, it is likely, men are influenced by
family traditions, and a peculiar qualification,
or virtue, or even idiosyncrasy, may descend
as an heir loom from generation to genera
tion.
These remarks are suggested by the speeches
in Congress recently tnadt> on the announce
ment of Judge Bayly's death, all of which show
him to have been a distinguished illustration
of the social and political peculiarities to which
we refer. Iu the House Mr. Millson, of Vir
ginia, said:
''Judge Bayly was born in the county of Ac
comac, on the 11th December, 1816. He was
not, as were many of the statesmen of America,
reared amid privation and difficulty, if, with
our imperfect perception of the dependence of
human events, we can ever be warranted in
pronouncing such judgments, he may, in all
the circumstances of his life, be said to have
been very fortunate. The confidence of his
constituents, to which his own merits gave him
a personal title, was strengthened by a sort of
ancestral claim ; for his maternal grandfather,
Gen. John Cropper, was a distinguished officer
in the continental army, and his father, Colonel
Thomas M. Bayly, was, with little intermis
sion, for nearly forty years continued by the
people in high important trusts, both in the
councils of the State and of the Union. He
represented in this House a portion of the
same district that was lately represented by his
son.
"In 1830, after having completed his course of
legal studies at the University of Virginia, Judge
Bayly commenced the practice of the law. It
was not long before his distinction at the bar
challenged the notice of the people of his native
county; and, as soon as he had attained the
age required by the constitution of the State,
he was elected to represent them in the general
assembly. Of this body he remained a promi
nent and conspicuous member, displaying, on
frequent occasions, to the people of Virginia,
those abilities which have been since so gen
erally acknowledged throughoutthe Union, until
he was transferred by the legislature to the
bench of the general court, to fill a vncancy
by the appoiutment of the late Judge Upshur
as Secretary of the Navy. He continued but
two years upon the bench, though the employ
ment of his judicial office were bo grateful.to
his personal tastes that they were only reluc
tantly abandoned. The appointmeut of Mr.
Wise as minister to Brazil left vacant the dis
trict he had represented in Congress, and the
call upon Judge Bayly, by the members of his
political party, was so emphatic, and even per
emptory, that though they were deemed to he
in an almost hopeless minority, he resigned his
judicial office, and commenced an active can
vass for a seat on this floor. He was chosen by
a large mnjority; and the six successive elec
tions by which he has been since returned to
this House, and sometimes in the face of oppo
sition that seemed to be formidable, have
evinced the continuance of that confidence in
his ability, integrity, and patriotism, which
induced the first selection.
From the Speech of Mr. Mason, of Virginia*
on the-same occasion, in the Senate, we make
the following brief extract:
"Thus of the twenty years of his continuous
public service it was the fortune and merit
of my distinguished friend and colleague to
preserve unimpaired the confidence of his va
ried constituency?at first of his native country,
then at the Legislature of his native Stale, and
again of a large and enlightened congressional
district.
"It has been strongly remarked of the section
of which the deceased was a representative,
that its public men are seldom changed from
caprice or other insufficient cause by the con
stituent body. The remark is just; and to
whatever cause it should be ascribed it marks
stability of purpose in the popular mind.
From the nature of their pursuit* and their
institutions, society assumes there more of the
character of a patriarchal state than in the
recurring collisions of life which attend more
dense populations. Children pursue the pafhs
worn by the tread of parental feet, and friend
ships and alliances become hereditary. Society
thus superadds obligations to those of law and
judicature, and contributes much to form the
character of the citizen.
"In this school my deceased colleague was
bred. He lived and died on the same spot
where" his ancestors from England landed in
1666, and where they established the family
home. He commanded the brigade which his
grandfather had commanded, and he held the
seat in the General Assembly of his State and
in the House of Representatives which his
father had occupied before him. Thus, with
all the incentives of an honorable mind, he
came into public life, under responsibilities at
home which to betray would make that home
no more.
(Jp With the Krgro-DowD with the
White Man.
In the Wisconsin State Senate, lately a bill
was passed extending the right of suffrage to
the negroes of that State?yeas 16, nays 6.
While this process of elevating the negro to
political privileges is going on with Black Re
publicanism, the same faction, in its Know
nothing shape, is combatting for laws which
will degrade white men who are born without
the couutry, or those of Catholic faith, born in,
or out of it, to the condition of helots. Mas
sachusetts, the head-quarters of Rlack Repub
licanism, has moved first in prosecuting the
foreign-born white man to a position beneath
her negroes.
Abolition "shrieks for freedom" are not made
for men of white blood. The negro, only, is
the object of its sympathy, and for this they
agitate, trampling upon law and Constitution
in their zeal for his elevation. Iu its labors
in this regard our German foreign citizens are
especiall involved to assist abolitionism?to
elevate the negro and degrade their own coun
trymen. Some of the leaders claim to repu
diate Know-nothingism, but it is only where
the latter will not incorporate Abolitionism
among its tenets. Black Republicanism, as
represented in the national house of represen
tatives, has five members who endorse Know
nothingism where it has one who repudiates it.
The latter is an acceptable artice of faith with
the great mass of Abolitionists, but they re
quire with the white man's degradation, the
meed of honor to (he negro.
It is thus " freedom shrieks," and to a par
ticipation in this Kepubliran labor, white men
of foreign birth are asked to lend a hand.
Massachusetts having favored the negro,
now moves for the proscription of the foreign
born white man. Wisconsin Republicanism
has taken the first step only, but give it the
power, and the last step will be taken.
[Springfield (Jit.) Jiegitler.
A lazy fellow once declared, in a public
company, that he could not find bread for the
family. " Nor I," replied an industrious me
chanic; " I am obliged to work for it."
FROM NICARAGUA.
The Revolution In Nicaragua.
Our files by the Orizaba ut New York con
tain lull account# of the "revolution" id Nica
ragua. VVe subjoin the following;
i'rom El Nicaragnenee, June 21.
Flight at ltlvai and lilt Cabinet.
Patricio Rivas and his Cabinet have deserted
bag and baggage! We breathe freer! The'
treason which all expected has transpired, and
j. KOVwnment has no further necessity to
divide its counsels with those in whom it has
no confidence I
On Wednesday, the 14th day of June, (Jen
era! W alker left Leon, after a most affecting
parting with his Excellency at the barrier. A*
this tune Leon was guarded by native soldiers,
l'he Americans interfered with nothing, that
the city might feel perfectly safe under the
guardianship of troops drawn from its own
vicinity. The day after General Walker left
Colonel Escobar, commander of the native gar
rison, informed Colonel Brano Natzmer that
the native force was not sufficient to keep
guard, and requested a detail of Ainericau.s
Compliance was signified, and an American
wuldier stationed at the entrance of the Princi
pal or Government house. Senpr Salizar, Min
ister of War, thereupon mounted his horse and
rode down to the barriers bare-headed, where
he informed the rabble, in an official harangue
that the Americans had seized the Principal
and were about to murder the President and
his Cabinet. In his speech he also took occa
sion to advise the people that the Americans
were going to burn down the churches and
destroy the religion of the country. A great
excitement was the result, during which the
President and his advisers took flight for Chi
nandega. The Americans in the meantime
were innocent in knowledge of what was pro
ceeding j and although they knew there was a
hubbub about something they very naturally
thought it was some public day among the
people, when they had a right to be excited
Don Patricio Rivas. President of the Repub
lic, Don Sebastian Salinas, Secretary of State
Don Maximo Jerez, Secretary of War, aud Don
I-rancisco Baca, Minister of Public Credit, all
lied to Chinandega, leaving Don Ferrer, the
only true and loyal Democrat connected with
the late administration, in this city.
From Chinandega, Don Maximo Jerez, in
his capacity as Minister of War, sent word to
Realejo to suspend the public work of fortify
ing that place, and directed that the place' be
dismantled of its present armament. Orders
were also sent to Col. Natzmer, in command
at Leon, to withdraw his sentry from the Prin
cipal, and allow each of tbp four towers of the
Cathedral to be garrisoned by fifty soldiers of
the. .country. The frontier picquets were all
called in and a very general order carried out
to leave the State open to the army of inva
sion which were known to be advancing on
Leon. The President expressed great fear of
his life, and stated that the above regulations
were necessary for his safety.
1 he order sent to Colonel Natzmer was not
obeyed until it was submitted to Gen Walker
who immediately ordered the American com
mander m-Leon to comply with the mandates
of the Minister of War, and, further, to with
draw with his whole force from that city.
At the time Gen. Walker gave the above
command, he was in Nagarote, at the head of
2o0 troops, marching on to Leon; but after
giving the order, he stopped at Managua until
the nlle battalion, under Col. Natzmer, arrived
when he left for Oranada, accompanied by the
Hangers. J
President Rivas and his cabinet, with the
exception of Don Fermin Ferrer, are now in
Leon; but the Commander will have no further
communication with them. They are known
to have made propositions to the enemies of
the country, inviting them to invade Nicaragua
and General Walker intends to leave them
with their new friends.
After the flight of the President from Leon,
the people of that city became uneasy at the
speech of Senor Salixar, and anxiously in
quired of the Fathers of the Church if there
was any truth in the statement that the Amer
icans intended to destroy the religion of the
land. The Vicar of Leon, a pood and faithful
man, instantly denied the calumny, and or
dered all the priests to declare on Sunday that
the report was untrue. The people again be
came reconciled, and the revulsion is strongly
against President Rivas and his advisers.
Addre.. or General Walker to the People
of Nicaragua.
I came to Nicaragua to secure its peace and
prosperity. With this view I signed the treaty
of the 20th October last, and assisted to up
hold the government organized under its pro
visions.
But the government, far from aiding me to
carry out the agreement of that treaty, has
thrown obstacles in the way, and has ended by
endeavoring to stir up civil strife within the
Republic. Strange as it may appear, the late
Rivas administration has attempted to create
troubles and difficulties, and war between the
people and the Americans they have invited
hither.
It was not enough that the Americans should
endure the pestilence at Granada for the pur
pose of conciliating the late provisional gov
ernment, and receive no compensation for the
services they rendered at the expense of so
much sufferings and so much death. It was
not enough that they should pour out their
blood at Rivas, in order to maintain the peace
and honor of the State, and then the govern
ment refuse to provide them with the bare
necessaries of life. Ingratitude was not suffi
cient to satisfy the craving for infamy which
consumed the vitals of government, and trea
son became necessary in order to furnish fresh
food to the appetite for obloquy and contempt.
'I hey seek to repay their debt to the Americans
by exciting the people against their benefac
tors.
It is thus manifest that the late provisional
government has not only failed to fulfil its
promises to the Americans, and its duties
to the people, but is guilty of the enormous
crime of instigating its citizens to civil war.
And to aid it in these objects it has coalesced
with the armed and declared enemies of the
Republic?with the forces an illiterate savage
attempts to pour over the plains of Nicaragua.
In addition, the government has attempted
to prolong its existence by taking from the
nle the privilege of electing their own rulers.
j as if farther to mark its hatred for free
dom, it has banished from the State a Cuban
patriot, who, despairing for the present of his
own country, has sought in this land the honor
of using his sword in defence of liberty and
progress.
With Buch accumulated crimes?conspiring
against the very people it was bound to pro
tect?the late provisional government is no
longer worthy of existence. In the name of
the people I have, therefore, declared its dis
solution, and have organized a provisional
government until the nation exercises its natu
ral right of electing its own rulers.
WILLIAM WALKER
Granada, June 30, 1856.
Tl>? Prrtlririity,
,Don Fermin Ferrer, Minister of Hacienda,
was appointed Provisional President of the Re
public during the interregnum between the
flight of a new president by the people. Of the
new election, Kl Nicaraguense of June 2, says;
"Sunday, Monday and Tuesday were consumj
ed in receiving votes for President of the repub
lic. The people took a very general interest in
the election, and all the natives walked up and
put in a straight ballot for General Walker.
Amongst the Americans, who are allowed to vote
under the constitution of the State, many cast
their ballots for Don Fermin Ferrer, while the
great majority voted for the General. At Mas
saya, a fever seized the people, and they went to
the polls in solid phalanx and put Gen Walker
through without a dissenting vote."
Mlitcellaneoua.
A silver mine in Chontules, owned by Major
' J. P. Ileitis, of Washington, had been opened,
and twenty tons of ore were shipped to England
by the British steamer Clyde, which sailed from
San Juan on the tith inst. It is estimated, from
primary assays made at the mine, that this ore
will yield from $700 to $800 per tou.
Many of Walkers soldiers who enlisted for a
short term of service have received their dis
charges, taken up laud and gone to farming.
The country was very healthy and not a single
death bad occur/ed among the Americans tor
three weeks.
From El Nicaraguense, June 6
The luvaiton of Nicaragua by Guatemala
and Ran Salvador.
By advices from Guatemala and San Salvador
to the 5th inst. we are in possession of the fact
that, without any oilicial declaration of war, the
government of these two States had combined in
a hostile league against this republic, and the
vanguard of an invading force whs already in the
field and on the road hither. From Leon, the
present seat of government, we have the official
proclamation of thisgovernmentdirected against
Guatemala, that unless that State recognized
the existing government of Nicaragua, this
republic would be forced to the extremity of a
declaration of war, to vindicate its honor. Thus
both Slates have assumed an attitude of hostility;
and already the anxiety consequent on a condi
tion of war agitates the people's minds.
PUKT11UK CAL.IFOUK1A NICWS.
The Dolnga of the Vigilance Committee.
The New York Post learns from parties who
have just arrived from San Francisco that the
Vigilance Committee will be able to maintain
their ground until the next general election,
which is to take place in September, and the
people shall have elected and placed in power
a different class of men to work the govern
ment, and one in harmony with the feelings of
the honest portion of the population. At
present, it is said, San Francisco looks more
like a quiet small Connecticut city than a busy
metropolis. More than two-thirds of the stores
are closed.
The Anti-vigilance Committee Side.
The only paper in San Francisco opposed to
the committee istheDaily Herald?and in order
to place the version of both parties before our
readers, we copy the comments upon the posture
of affairs made in that journal on the day of the
departure of the steamer as follows:
'"To the people of the Eastern States, who,
cognizant of the growing rebellion in the heart
of this metropolis, will look anxiously to the
news by the outgoing steamer for tidings of its
suppression, we beg to state that the Governor,
aided by the State officers, his advisers, and by
the best citizens ofevery county in the common
wealth, is using all means at his command to
crush out this festering treason. The ill-advised
refusal of the general commanding the Pacific
department to furnish the State with arms and
ammunition on the requisition of Gov. Johnson,
for the purpose of putting a speedy end to the
insurrection, has retarded the operations set on
foot for the termination of the rebellion; but
that refusal has but inflamed the zeal of those
loyal and patriotic citizens who have responded
to the call of the Governor for the maintenance
of the law; and their ardor has already over
come almost every difficulty in their path.
" We are in hopes that the immense force now
in process of organization, when exhibited, will
be sufficient, without striking a blow, to prove to
the misguided men who at present defy the laws
that it will be idle to attempt to maintain their
position. Arms and ammunition are being con
centrated at various points; men am being
drilled and exercised in the use of a pre
parations the most formidable in exu it and
purpose are in progress, so that when a demon
stration is at length made, it will be such a one
as to crush out finally and forever the spirit of
rebellion in California. By all those who sustain
the Governor it is fervently hoped that it may
not be necessary to spill a single drop of blood;
at the same time that the liberties of the people
and the reputation of the State being at stake,
the whole power of the government will be used
to extinguish the existing rebelliou. The State
will not recede from its position.
"General Wool's course has retarded the
extinction of this riotous organization; but it
is nevertheless a mere question of time; aud
even should the President of the United States
follow the lead of his military representative
on the Pacific, and violate the guarantees of
the Constitution, the result will be the same in
the end. The people of the Staft* will assert
their sovereignty over this cabal at all hazards.
We have every faith, however, that the Presi
dent will do his duty."
Interview with I he Governor.
A deputation from San Francisco had wuited
upon Governor Johnson and requested him to
withdraw his proclamation placing San Fran
cisco under martial law. This interview took
place at Benicia on the 7tb June. Governor
Johnson in his reply says:
" By virtue of the constitution of this State
it is made my duty to enforce the execution of
the laws. This duty I shall perform; and if
unhappily a collision occurs, and injury to life
or property result, the responsibility must rest
upon those who disregard the authority of the
State,"
The Vigilance Cominlttfc Hide.
It is said that the opponents of the commit
tee have determined upon the following plan te
conquer the committee: Cannon are to be
placed upon Goat Island, Telegraph Hill, Rin
con Point, and the head of Sacramento street;
and unless a surrender is made a grand can
nonading will commence simultaneously, from
the four points, upon "Fort Vigilance," re
gardless of the lives of the women and children,
to say nothing of the members of the com
mittee.
The committee secured an addition of thir
teen hundred stand of muskets from a ship
lying in the harbor. This swells their number
to about five thousand, and furnishes them
all that is necessary for their defence. Most
of their guns are kept loaded and ready for use
at a moment's warning. The rooms were filled
on the 8th ultimo, from morning till night
with men holding themselves in readiness to
defend the quarters in well as the principles of
the committee.
General Wool has ordered a vessel down
from Benicia to ship the United States guns
now lying at Hincon Point to headquarters, at
Renicia ; and also has stati6ned a strong guard
at the arsenal, with lighted torches, and will
use his official power to prevent the State au
thorities from taking any of tho arms of the
Federal Government.
Nollrr to Leave.
The committee have, bo far, disposed of
twenty-two suspicious characters; two have
been hung, one committed suicide, and nine
teen have been Vanished or have received
notice to leave.
The Herbert Cue.
Intelligence of the killing of the waiter Kea
ting, at Washington, had been received in Cali
fornia. The San Francisco papers are very in
dignant at the disgrace brought upon the State
by iMr. Herbert's conduct, and express their
opinions upon his character and antecedents
with great freedom. Mr. Gardner, who was
his companion in tho afl'rav, and a witness on
the trial, is also spoken of with much severity.
(Jreat Suffering among the California
Paaaengers hy wajr of Nicaragua ? one
hundred and twenty deaths.
The True Califurnian gives the following
account of the dreadful sufferings endured by
th? passengers who left New York in April last
for California, via Nicaragua :
The steamer Orizaba left New Yoik on the
8th of April, with some five hundred passenges
fur California, by way of Nicaragua. On the
16th she arrived at San Juan, and the passen
gers disembarked, liy means of open boats
they started up the river during a soaking rain.
The exposure caused them much suffering.
When they arrived at Castilla, they were in
formed that the transit across the country was
closed ; and after two days' delay, during which
they were constantly exposed to the feather,
they were told that if they chose they could
return to New York, but only fifteen minutes
were allowed them ; mid as they were compelled
to abandon their baggage in case they con
cluded to go back, three hundred determined
to push on.
They were taken to Granada, where they
were detained a month, notwithstanding that
un epidemic was prevailing there. Here the
most fearful disease commenced to raue among
them. In four weeks seventy-nine of the three
hundred were buried. During this time they
Hufl'ered every privation?many were without
means, and those who had money were com
pelled to put up with extortion and robbery at
every hand.
On the 20th May, in the evening, news
reached Granada of the arrival of the Sierra
Nevada, at San Juan del Sur, and three hours
were given the surviving passengers, sick and
well, to get on board the Lake steumer. At
the time it was pouring rain and pitch dark.
The sick were carried down in the best manner
possible, all getting thoroughly drenched. Upon
reaching the landing of the lake steamer, they
were kept in the rain until all had exhibited
their tickets, which detained them several
hours. Finally, all were crowded on board ;
but before morning three of the sick died and
were Bent on shore.
On the Lake steamer the scene is described
as having been dreadful. The passengers were
crowded together like like sheep in a pen.
There was scarcely room for the sick to lie
down. For nineteen hours they were thus con
fined, suffering every torture of body and of
mind. Several poor wretches gave up the ghost
on the boat, and others died while attempting
the journey from the Lake to San Juan.
After they embarked in the Sierra Nevada
the sickness broke out again, and during the
passage from San Juan to this port thirty-three
deaths occurred.
The suffering on the Sierra Nevada beggars
all description. The officers of the steamer
did all in their power to alleviate their suffer
ings, but this was little. No time was lost in
disposing of the dead, and the body was hardly
allowed to get cold before it was thrown over
board. The safety of the living demanded
that there should be no unnecessary detention
of the dead.
Never give way to melancholy: nothing
encroaches more; I fight against it rigorously.
One great remedy is, to take short views of
life. Are you happy now? Are you likely to
remain so till this evening? or next week? or
next month? or next year ? theu why destroy
present happiness by a distant misery, which
may never come at all, or you may never live
to see it? for every substantial grief has twenty
shadows, and most of them shadows of your
own making.?Sidney Smith.
The following States will hold their
elections previous to the great contest for the
Presidency :
Kentucky Aug. 4
Alabama Aug. 4
Texas' Aug. 4
Missouri. Aug 4
ArUHiifrts Aug. 4
N. Carolina Aug. 7
Tennessee . ..Aug. 7
Vermont Sep'. 2
California Sept. 4
Maine* Sept. 8
Georgia Oct. 0
Florida Oct. 6
Pennsylvania. .Oct. 14
Ohio Oct. 14
Iiidiaua Oct. 14
S. Carolina... .Oct. 14
On the Orleans railway in France
people can now go to bed?fairly undress, and
have as good a night's rest as they could get
under a four poster. For this the traveller
pays the price of two seats.
It is a fact worth noticing that three
of the most popular Democratic Presidents
have been called James: James Madison,
James Monroe, and James K. Polk?James
Buchanan will make the fourth of the series.
Delicate.?Exceedingly modest young la
dy?"Isn't this a very pretty baby, Mr.
brown?*'
Brown?u Yes my dear, boy or girl."
Young lady?"He belongs to the female
persuasion, sir."
Recipe for making a Cement to tlepalr
liroken Clilnawire.
From an English almanac we a long time
since cut a recipe for mending cbinaware, and
the opportunity having occurred for testing its
virtues, we found it admirable, the fracture be
ing scarcely visible after the article had been
repaired. It is thus made: Take a very thick
solutioti of gum arabic dissolved in water, and
stir into it plaster of Paris uutil the mixture
becomes a viscous paste. Apply it with a
brush to the fractured edges, and stick them
together. In three days the article cannot be
broken in the same place. The whiteness of
the cement renders it doubly valuable.?Ex
change.
Cv~ Itiirlianan and llrecklnrIdge Club.?
The regular meetings of thin Club will b? held at
their Koom on the corner ol 13th street and Pa.
avenue, on Friday evening of each week, at S
o'clock.
Members of the Club are expected to be punc
tual in their attendance.
J. W. IRWIN, Cor. Sec.
M. SNYDER &l SON,
BANKERS, DEALERS IN LAND WARRANT8
AM) OOMKSTIC EXCHANGE,
No. HHW, Penn. Av., (National Hotel building.)
Washington fit)-, l>. C.
THIS PEOPLE*' NEW EDITION.
IN PRESS, and will be published linmedU
ately,
THE LIFE AND PUBLIC SERVICES
or THK
HON. JAMKS BUCHANAN,
With Portrait fiom a Photograph by Brady.
12mo. Taper. 25 cents.
Dealers and Committees supplied at low rates.
Addrenn orders to the Publishers
LIVERMORE Ac RtJDD,
310 Broadway, New Vork.
Juue 28?3l
HYfiEIA HOTEL, Old Point Comfort.?
This most delightful Summer Resort, thr
mom inviting on the Southern seal>oard, lor varied
attraction excelled by none in the country,
convenient to the salt bath and all the luxuries of
the salt water region, in broad view ol Hampton
Road* ana the Cbesspeake Bay, and with an
exteimive military post beside it, has passed to the
proprietorship ot the undersigned, and will be
opened lor the public reception ou the IOth of
June, after which date it will not be again closed.
To no locality in all the land can the votary ol
pleasure or the seeker for health resort with
(?etter assurance of gratification. Di?ea?e at Old
Point Comtort any Season is almost unknown; for
health, indeed, it rivals the most secluded retreat
ol' the mountain interior.
For the chief management the proprietor has
engSKed a gentleman who pos?e*?^s the best
aptitude for the management ol a lirsl-class
watering place, while ln? own *>upervtston will
guard the comfort of guest* and the reputation
of the establishment.
may 20?3taw3m JOS. SEGAR.
"THE MOUNTAIN lOVU^
At Capon Mpringa, Vs.,
\\T ILL be 0|>en?d lor the reception of visitors
ff on Monday, th#16th dny of June.
Ttrmt for Hoard.
First week SI2
Second week 10
Third week tt
Four weeks or 98 days (1 month).... 35
Children and colored servants half price.
T. L. BLAKEMORE, Proprietor.
May 27? 1 m
i OONQ n BBS.
In the Senate, oq the tilieeutb instant, tbe
i House bill appropriating titty thousand dollars
for the construction of a road from Fort Ridgely,
in Minnesota Territory, to tbe South Past of the
Ro<ky Mountains, in Nebraska Territory, was
passed.
The Senate also passed the bill amendatory of
the act to promote the efficiency of the navy?
| yeas 26, nays 11.'
L This bill pr poses to restore, through u court
of inqui'y, such meritorious officers as were Bg
| grieved by tbe action of the late naval board;
those reported upon favorably to be re-appointed
by the President, by and with the advice and con
sent of the Senate.
In the House op Rkpbkhkntativk*, a resolu
tion was passed?yeas 10f>. nays 96, declaring the
disappiobatiou ol the House of ihe conduct of
Mr Keitt in connection with the a*rault upon
Mr. Sumner; and the resolution ol the select
committee proposing similarly to censure Mr.
Edmund-on, was disagreed to?yeas t?(), nays
130
Tbe charge against these gentlemen whs tbm
tliey knew of the contemplated ai-aanlt, but took
no measure to prevent it; in other words, it Was
proposed to punish them, not as accessories, but
for not betr?ying private confidence.
I.N i ue Senate, yesterday, the bill supplemen
tary to the net to amend the several acts respect
ing copyrights, approved April 31, and the bill
providing for the tinal adjustment of questions of
title to swamp lauds between private claimants
and tbe State of Louisiana, were passed.
Mr. Jones, of Tennessee, made a speech in
favor of the Three Miltiou Armament bill, when
tbe Sen te went into an executive session.
In the House of Representatives, Mr. Keitt
made a speech with reference to the censure re
cently passed upon him in connection with the
Sumner as ault, saying in concluaion, he bad' re
signed his seat as a representative from South
Carolina.
Sometime was spent in the consideration ol
the Illinois coutestei. election case; but without
coming to a conclusion upon the subject, the
IIou.se adjourned.
WASHINGTON INFIKMAKY.
I)ERM)NS requiring Ho-pi? al attendance are
I invited, as n-ual, to the Wa?hin|loii Infirma
ry, wiiicb institution is under the professional
charge of the faculty of the National Medical
College, and is provided with a resident physi
cian, several medical assistants, and competent
nurses. The following resolutions of the Board
of Directors are published to correct nuy mir-ap
prehension that may exist in r< gard 10 the usagea
of the institution in relatio 1 to patients:
Rrsolved, That we invite the medii al profes
sion generally to place in the Infirmary any patient
or patients that they think inay he benefited by
hospital advantages and treat them as their private
patieuts, subject of course to the discipline of the
house
Resolved, That, during the term of service of
the attending physician and surgeon his services
are given gratuitously to whatever patients may
enter the common ward" of the Infirmary; but it
is expected that persons placing themselves under
his care as private patients should remunerate
him a? in attendance e'sewhere.
Rr.'olved, That nny physician or surgeon attach
unn the Infirmary who may be required by a
patient in I he institution to render his professional
services, who at the time is not in attend.mce
upon the inmates of the institution lor such
period a* is allotted to him in the ttivi-'on of the
term of service with his colleague*, shall have
liberty to charge him as under the conditions
attending the ord'iisry relation between patient
and physic an.
R^oU'td, That it would be an act of gross
injustice to the profession to receive into the In
firm.iry and attend > rahul iiialy any patient whose
circumstances would enable hun to render com
pensation for medical services to physicians out
of the Institution.
THOMAS MILLER, M. D.,
jiil ? 17?.ltd Curator Washington Infirmary.
MIDDLETON'S ICE/
Out* price and full supply guarantied.
THE Subscriber, having succeeded iu filling
all his houses with Ice of a very superior
quality, and haviug the most extensive facilities
for conducting the trade, Is now fully prepared to
make contracts for the ensuing season, and feela
confident that the luterest of consumers v ill'be
advanced by giving it their attention.
Persons in any part of Washington will be
supplied punctually according to contract, either
for the season, (viz: from 1st May to 1st October,
or for the entire year.
To avoid mistakes and trouble in settling ac
counts, contracts should he made, if possible, with
the proprietor, and not left eutirely with servants
and those delivering the Ice.
Tickets it used at all must be paid for on delivery
unless otherwise arranged.
Customers leaving the city for more than ten
days at a tune, by giving notice at the office, will
be entitled to a proper deduction; without such
uotice no deduction will be made.
Notice of change of reMdence, if given at the
office, will prevent disappointment.
Complaints against drivers for neglect, careless
ness, or any other csuse, should be made at tha
office.
Ice kept constantly on hand al the office, and
can be bad in larg<? or small quantities
Orders can be left at the following placea or
ent through the Post Office:
Nairn Sc 1'ai.mkr, Penn. avenue and 9th street.
Z D. Gilmam, Penn. avenue, between 6th and
*7lh streets.
W. H. Gilmam, Pennsylvania avenue and 4$
street.
Dr. T. C. McIniirk, 7th and I streets.
Foau At Bro., Penn. avenue and 11th street
Kidglkt'*, Seven Buildings.
'/. M. P. K no, corner 15J and I streets.
H. H. McPherkon, Capitol Hill.
L. R. Holmkad, Maryland avenue and 7th
street.
F. S. Walsh, Navy Yard.
Dyson, corner of Penn. avenue dr 12th
street.
L.J. MIDDLETON,
Office and Depot southwest cor. F snd 12th street*.
^WINCHESTER MEDICAL COLLEGE.
| WI>CHE*TKR, VIRGINIA.]
fpHE next Annual Hcasioti of this liiatl
X lution will commence on the 1st of October,
and continue until May following.
FACULTY.
Hugh II. McGuire, M. D., Professor of Surgery
and Physiology ; J. Philip Smith, M. D., Professor
of Practice of Medicine and Obatetrics; Alfred
n. Tucker, M. D., Professor of Anatomy, Chem
istry, and Materia Medics.
Fees for the whole course, $100; matriculation
fee. 93; dissecting ticket, (once only,) S10 ; diplo
ma lee, S'-iO.
The course pursued is that of datly examina
tions on the preceding lecture; generally but two
and never more thnn three lectures are delivered
during the day. The study of practical anatomy
may be pursued at a trifling expense. Clinical
ectures delivered during tlie session.
By a recent act of the General Assembly, the
College educates fi))r*n young inen from the State
of Virginia, fr^e oi all expense for tuition, use of
rooms, Sec. It is required that applicants should
be of good, moral character, and unable to pur
sue their studies at their own expense. For fur
ther information apply to
ALFRED B. TUCKER, M. D., Dean.
May 1?3twQl
Mathematical Dft?TlONAM% a?*
Cyclopedia of Mathematical Science, com
prising definitions of all the terms employed in
Mathematics, aa analysis of each branch, and ot
the whole as forming a single science, by Charles
Uavies, L. L. D., author of h complete course of
Mathematics, and Win. G. feck, A. M., Assist
ant Professor of Mathematics United States Mili
tary Aca?lemy. Just pnl>li?hed, and tor sale at
the Bookstore of R FARNHAM.
(^OlIRT OK CLAIM*.? 1 Mgeated sumiiia
j ry and alpli ibetical list of private claims
which have been presented to the House of Rep
resentatives from the First to the Thirty first Con
gress, exhibiting the action of Congress on each
claim, wiih reference to the journals, reports, bills,
c., elucidating its progress, compiled by order oi
the House of Representatives. A few copics for
sale by ft, FARNHAM.
/ -i AI'Ti ICK'S*?Just received a large aa
(jC sort ment of Pate De Foiea Graa, from Stras
I'lirc, in small and larre jars.
Jan 22?tf C OAUTIE*.

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