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EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
?ATIKI)4Y NORKIN(;. JUl Y 10, 1850.
F O H P K i<; S I D E N T,
KOK Vl< i: PMR8IDENT,
JOHN C. H KECK. IN RIDGE,
to oin< I'jfiEwns.
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WILL POSTER] I T BILIEVK IT 1
That people can never attain to distinction
in history which does not live with a view to
the judgment of posterity upon in actions.
National glorj declines when politics super
sede statesmanship, and the estimate f.f hu
man action is limited to the caprice of ihe
pruning hour. Let a nati..n act as if under
the revie* of men in all future time, and it
mu?t rise Iroiu the struggles of partizan pas
sions to the achiev. mcnt of deedj which will
ennoble it in history, and throw the lustre of
the judgment of the great future upon the ac
tion of the present.
When we look at tbe position of this great
Confederacy?at its capacity for the attain
ment of interna! good, and of external glory?
at its Constitution, the result of conflicting in
terests, controlled by the sway of a noble wis
dom?when we see it spreading its power from
oiean to ocean, and rising to the majesty o(
guiding the policy ol the American continent,
and reaching forth by the resistless power of
its wondrous destiny to a controlling influence
in the commerce and policy of tbe world?
when we know that American interests demand
the energy and wisdom of an enlarged states
manship?and theu turning from this broad
view of our true policy and our responsibili
ties to our action, what is it that presses upon
oar astonished vision ?
* interests of such stupendous magni
tude, what has the Government accomplished
in seven months ? It has elected an agitator
of internal strife to preside over its delibera
tion*; (?) is keeping the entire country in
commotion by instigating lawlessness against
the Constitution, and has consummated a cen
sure upon one of its members for an assault
and battery.! Oh! :ao>t lame and impotent
ben in the light of coming events, so full
of moment, our history shall be written, will
posterity believe that our Government has
turned aside from its highest duty to waste its
ensrgy upon the schemes of faction and tbe
plots of traitors? Oh! shame, where is thy
And, as if to turn the drama of Americau
destiny into a low farce, a great party an
nounces itself ax leader in its development,
by proposing as its highest aim a division of
tbe country into tiling State* and terf State*,
thus dividing instead of concentrating its
P?ww to achieve the noblest purposes of its
existence; and to (rive a greater dignity and a
more imposing grandeur to the whole scheme,
tbe moat important part in the farce is assigned
to an unknown actor, whoae past appearance
treads cloae upon the heels of his first, and
whose chief qualifications are bis entire un
fitness and bis Open treachery against the in
terest and honor of the State which gave him
Quern Deus vult pei drre, drc t
Do we need experience in the office of Pre
sident ? We offer to tbe people a man of the
largest experience io the coontrj. Will they
aat bim aside for one who haa tbe most limitedt
While Mr. Buchanan baa bad forty years,
Fremont baa had forty days experience in po
litical life I
Do we need intellectual ability ? We pre
sent in the person of oor candidate that
satire aenae. to which cultivation and pro
found study bate added stores of knowledge,
aad tbe moat reliable wisdom and sagacity.
Aa a statesman of ability, he baa no superior,
perhaps no equal in the country.
In what way bas Fremont manifeated thia
great desideratum f Whera are the evidences
?r the fruits of his ability? Would any man
in tfce country have picked him out aa one in
ten thousand, who would be barely fit to fill the
In experience, in ability, in integrity, in
tried statesman ship, Mr. Buchanan cannot,
*ithoot disparagement be compared with Col.
Fremont. Comparison in such a caae becomes
Why, tben, should a patriotic party seek the
electiotf of Fremont over Bachanan ? Is it
not paJpable that the clique of tricksters, who
seek power by ibeir country's distraction ; who
aroas* human paa?x?ns, that upon their swell
ing waves they may gain advancement; who
sectUmalise watiowauty, in order to nation
alizs sectionalism ; that these men only use
thia puppet ?f their contrivance, to aUaip
tb^ir infamous endsreither of fhe degradation
#f fifteen Commonwealths of tbe Union, or of
the destruction of tbe Union itaeif?
People of the North I you occupy the battle
groeod of this fteroc conflict. Scourge with
patriotic energy tbeee eacnuep pf public peace
?these traitor* to the Constitution and to the
Union. Turn your eyes to noble purposes;
and );ive other direction to the policy of your
country. The destiny of America cannot be to
fritter away its energy u}ton a squabble about
negroes Of the latter, there are but three mil
lion slaves, and they, happy and contented. Of
the while race, there are twenty-five million?
who are tar from being happy andcoutented,aud
are kept in continual " hot water," by this
system of minding other people's business for
Let us be done with the theme of slavery 1
The South will mauage it aright?knowing
more about it than the North can do, they may
be trusted with its regulation, we judge.
But the "Slave power!" In the Union it is
a minority. It is said, however, that it has an
insidious way of making dough faces out of
Northern men?and therein consists its power.
It does so happen, we rejoice to say, that
hitherto and now, the appeal of that minority
to the sworn compact of the Constitution, has
been heard and heeded by gallant and faithful
men at the North.
The South only gets what the contract enti
tles it to?uo more?should it get less? Fre
mont and his party say so. You toi.l say oth
erwise. For the bargain must be kept. The
bond must be held sacred?or the partnership
is, and must be, at an end. It is idle todis
guise it. The South are of that Anglo Saxon
race which .will not submit to wrong, and will
resist a violation of faith. ?
Those who would trample upon Southern
rights, are not to be trusted by you. The man
who breaks faith, and in doing so, may perjure
his Senatorial soul, has lost the capacity ever
to be trusted again. The power which would
wield the North to destroy the South is there
fore us ?orthy of Northern distrust as of
Southern contempt and aversion.
We warn you of the traitors who commend
themselves to you by vouchers of their own
profligate treason! fast them from your con
fidence. They would ctr''k?? the bosom which
warms thr?m !
Now. is it not too preposterous for human
credence hereafter, that Buch a Union should
be diverted from its great objects to a senseless
wrangle about the African race? that such a
Union should be perverted to a violation of a
solemn compact between States of a kindred
origin, to result'in its destruction?
Will posterity believe the sadly true?but
Make it untrue?make it incredible!?let the
true story be, that you crushed the vipers
of abolition and faction?that you restored
peace?put down agitation?and that the two
sections, once more in harmony, united with a
common energy to realize that brilliant des
tiny, which will fill history with our glory, and
posterity with wonder and admiration !
Who have derived any benefit, from the agi
tation of slavery ?
Has the Farmer, or the Merchant, the Me
chanic, the Lawyer, or the Doctor ?
Have any except professional politicians;
politicians by trade, who, incapable of recom
mending themselves by nsefal and honorable
means, seek to live by the plunder of the Trea
sury, and who are sustained only by the bub
bling agitation of this question which throws to
the surface much of the filth whose proper
level is at the bottom?
There is nothing beneficent in the agitation.
It does not even purport to be for any benefit
to lbe white of the South or to the negro.
On the contrary, the heartle; a selfish avo.val
is openly made, that the aim and object of cir
cumscribing slavery within the smallest limits
is to bring about a distress no unendurable,
alike to master and to slave, that both will
eagerly seek an escape from such oppressive
evils, and abolition in some form enque.
These men stop not to enquire if it will be
done after the bloody example of St Domingo,
or if the fair domain of the Southern States
shall fall into the degradation which has over
taken and so cruelly disfigures Jamaica, de
grading the whites and abasing still lower the
Let collide rate men ask themselves, whither
tend their anti-slavery movements, and upon
what principle of justice they could deprive
the South of its portion of an undivided inheri
Had the Territories been the resort of emi
grants from the States, when all were alike
slaveholding, does any one suppose that the
opposition now made would have arisen?
The Free States which passed laws, in effect,
banishing negroes from their borders, could
never have relieved themselves from this un
wholesome population, had there been no place
to receive them.
Why then should they deprive the old States
from acquiring receptacles for this class of
people? Why compel them to keep within
their borders, whether they will or no, this
species of population.
A bitter outcry is raised against every South
ern Stat*, as often as any of them take steps to
rid themselves of the intolerable nuisance of
free negroes, and yet they refuse to allow them
room in the vast common territory to which
this class may peaceably and profitably go.
Consider for one moment the rank injustice
of the North.
It denounces the South for its cruel treat
ment of the negro race, and yet when the South
shows any disposition to transfer to these very
States these pegroes whose peculiar and
warm friends they profess to be, and who they
acknowledge by their Constitution and laws to
be ex eqw> with all their citizens, these same
States asnail the Southern States for sending
these negroes from the inhospitable South to
the hospitable North.
They think it a great hardship for free ne
groes to be sent from the land of their birth,
and yet these free States passed abolition laws,
in effect, for the aale and expatriation of all
their own slaves.
How the mote in thy brother's eye distresses
thee, while the beam in thine own gives thee
Uorsk Lost.?-A valuable stallion, named
"Young Boston," belonging lo Mr. Smith, of
Alabama, and just purchased for three thou
sand dollars, (til from a freight car while on
the way from Richmond to Petersburg last
Thursday afternoon, and the supposition is
that be was killed, though nothing wa* known
of the accident until the train arrived at its
WILLIAM C. KlVKt AMU HIS LATK
This honorable gentleman, like ike seven
year locust, ban bum bis shell ouce more aud |
comes forth iu midsummer, wheu that insect
is heard in our woods, and he is singing as
was his wont, jubilante to the old Whig cause.
He has come, he says, " as oue of the people,
preteudiug to no lead, iutendipg to make 110 |
speech, lor.which he was wholly unprepared, .
but simply to take counsel with his country- i
men of the same general way of thinking as
himself, as to the line of conduct it was their
duty to pursue in the present distracted state
of public affairs. I am no longer a politician,"
said Mr. Rives, "if indeed I ever have been
oue, but in ceasing to be a politician, I have
not ceased to be a citizen, alive, as I trust I
ever shall be, to whatever concerns the inte
rests, the hounr, and the happiuess of my
Mr. Rives thus modestly emerges in a new
character; he comes as "one of the people,"
" no longer a politician," to consult with his
friends as to the line of conduct it is proper
for them to pursue; to consult, with a prede?
termination a* to the course intended to be
pursued; like the modest maiden who advises
with her friends as to the propriety of roarry
iug, after selecting her lover and plighting her
faiih to be married on a particular day. Each
candidate for the Presidency is but one of the
people; each has ceased to be a politician.
Fremont, who distinguished himself so pre
emin^my by planting a flag on the Rocky
Mountains, and who did not distinguish him
self while a Senator from California, is no
longer a politician, "if indeed he ever was
one." Fillmore is only a quiet gentleman just
from his travels?only one of the people.
Stockton is just resting on his oars. Buchan
an has retired 'to the shades of Wheatland.
All, however, are alive to whatever concerns
the interests, the honor, and the happiness of
Mr. Rives having figured largely in the pub
lic eye?having tried most of the parties into
which the country Las been divided, and hav
ing been quietly laid upon the shelf by the
Democratic party, and never having been able
to roll away the stone from the mouth of the
tomb on whose shelf he was decently laid,
either by Lis own power or the feeble force ex
erted by the conservative party, and never
having been able to stimulate the great Whig
party to breathe upon his dry bones, by all the
exertions and sacrifices of principle he bas
made to gain their favor, now stands as one of
the people, no longer a politician, " alive," he
says, "to whatever concerns the interests, the
honor, and the happiness of his country."
Alas, that be cannot "expunge'' all the years
of his tergiversation from the days of Jackson
down. Ouce he could stand up not only as
one of the people, but as a Senator from a
great State, and proudly battle for the Consti
tution, and his potent voice was listened to and
heeded. Now he cornea forth in a corner and
repeats stale notes, like the lonely song of a
lonesome locust, on a decayed old Whig tree.
Mr. Rives referred " to a good old custom of
the Romans, which granted to a soldier, who
had faithfully served a certain number of cam
paigns, an honorable discharge from further
service. But there was one case in which the
most war-worn veteran, notwithstanding his
dischai^e, and whatever number of campaigns
he may have already served, was required
again to take up his shield and javelin. That
oaii was an invasion of the country by the
But history never pointed to a custom where,
when the Gauls invaded the country, a true
genuine Roman aided the Gauls, and if ever
it occurred, history at the same time de
nounced that Roman as a traitor. When
worse than the Gauls have come upon the
South?when the reckless fanatic, with fire
brand in his hand, stands professedly pre
pared to fire the aacred temple, and destroy
the Union, and Virginia calls upon her sons to
rush to the rescue, every war-worn veteran
who would not expunge his services and her
fame, whatever number of campaigns he may
have already served, ought, indeed, to take up
his shield and javelin, and, scorning to fight
for the Gauls, or to give them aid and comfort,
ought to strike home against the common
enemy. That javelin which was once keen
and bright, ought to be polished anew, and a
double set of javelins should have been pre
pared out of the Democratic. steel, which old
Jefferson wrought, and which his pupil once
knew how to point; and that shield which
once defended the right, and was thrown suc
cessfully over Democratic principles, ought to
have been again thrown around the Old Do
minion. But no, he comes as one of the peo
ple, to counsel with his friends about serving
on the aide of the enemy.
Hear Mr. Rivea again : " The only remedy,
in hia judgment, lies in the interposition of the
body of the people in the independent exer
cise of their rightful sovereignty. There was
no country, said Mr. Rivea, in which the sov
ereignty of the people ia ao folly recognized
in theory aa in this, but was the practice under
the modern system of party discipline, con
formable to the theory ? We vote, indeed, for
our representatives and public functionariea;
but in thia vital function of popular sover
eignty, are we left free in our choice ? On the
contrary, do we not know, and feel that, under
thia new system, wo are absolutely controlled
in our choice by fiat of the fete persona trho
work the machinery of jHirty conventiont V
* Now, what under tbeae circumstances, would
be imagined Mr. Rives would counsel, after
this locust song ? Why, "that we should avoid
this machinery of party conventions, at all
hazards, and to the last extremity. It is one
which improperly controls our choice by the
oj the few," who work the machinery.
My countrymen, abhor conventions, party con
ventions?abhor and detest thia party dis
cipline? aasert your vital function of popular
sovereignty, and denounce and despise this
Is thia ao? Doea Mr. Rives thus talk and
teach? Listen. He was spe|king to a meet
ing of the old line Whig? in Albemarle. That
meeting was exclusively a party meeting. That
meeting had just adopted a aeriea of reaolo
tions, among which, was the following:
" Re solved, That the foregoing principles
and aentim? nta having been ateadfastly cherish*
ed by the Whig party of the Union, in the
brightest daya of ita influence and renown, the
Whiga of AJbemarl* now ardently deaire, in
the interest of the whole Union, to see that
party re-organised ou its ancient, national, and
conservative basis, and with a view to promote
a result so uiuch to be wished as furnishing a
rallying point for the loyal, constitutional and
genuine republican sentiment of the couutry,
they hereby appoint V. W. Southall, Ac., Ac.,
William C. Ri ves, Ac., Ac., their delegates to a
convention of the Whig party of Virgiuia, to
be held in the city of Ricninond, on the Itith
day ol the present month."
Mr. Rives said: "IIe had heurd the pream
ble aud resolutions read to the meeting, and
begged leave to say, in conclusion, that he
gave the full and unqualified assent of his un
derstanding and his conscience to every prin
ciple and sentiment contained in them"
Instead of abhoring party discipline and
denouncing the new system of being controlled
in our choice by the fiat of the few who work
the machinery of party conventions, he gives
the unqualified assent both of his understand
ing and his conscience to a resolution to re
construct the Whig party, and aids in appoint
ing delegates to a convention of this party,
among which delegates he is a shining light
"quorum pars fui,v one of the few by whose
fiat the detestable machinery of a party con
vention is to be worked. Instead of exposing
only his vulnerable heel, he throws away his
armor and exposes his whole body vulnerable
in every limb.
Why, if we are controlled in our choice by
the "fiat of the few" persons who work the
machinery of party conventions, and if that
control is against the theory which recognizes
the sovereignty of the people, why does Mr.
Rives approve such a party convention and
become one of the members to work the ma
chinery? Alas, alas, his antipathy to the De
mocratic party is such that he cannot see that
"the machinery of party conventions" applies
to a Whig convention as well as to a Demo
cratic one; and that the men who go into the3e
conventions are the motive power to put the
machinery into action.
Mr. Rives proceeds: "And then, when we
have, by this process, elected the public func
tionaries, are they our servants, according to the
theory of our institutions, or are they not, to
every practical intent, the masters and we the
servants? Does not the modern code of po
litical ethics require of every good party man
to support the President or representative of
his party, in whatever he does while in office,
be it right or wrong, beneficial or injurious to
the country; and does not this doctriue make
the public officer in effect the sovereign and
master, and the people his tools aud ser
Now, if Mr. Rives knows all this, how can
he, with propriety, go into a convention to put
in motion this party machinery to make the
public functionaries the masters, and the
people the servants? Mr. Rives knows that
parties must be governed by majorities?that
when an individual goes into a party conven
tion to participate in its proceedings, he can
not have his entire will and control; if he
could, he would be the master and his associ
ates his slaves?he knows, if he nominates a
man and does not succeed, that good faith re
quires him to submit, because, if he had been
successful, he would have expected others to sub
mit to his nomination, and therefore that each
man who takes part in such convention is
morally bound to abide by their action. He
says that this is virtually the way the people
abdicate their sovereignty, by electing men
under the influence of such party machinery,
and by supporting the in in whatever they do
while in office, be it right or be it wrong. Mr.
Mantaline said that his wife was "such a
d d enchanting, bewitching, engrossing,
captivating little Venus." And Mr. Rives
thinks that himself aud the Whig party are so
pure, virtuous, patriotic and superlatively God
like, that they, under no circumstances, ever
did or ever can support party leaders for party
ends; that their opponent* only can do such
things; therefore, there can be no impro
priety in their putting in operation the party
machinery of party conventions to nominate
party men to carry out party principles by the
fiat of the few, because the moment anything
is done wrong, if such a thing were possible,
the whole party would instantly turn a sum
merset and throw their party men to the dogs,
and try some other party man of equal purity
with themselves. The Whig party ought to be
proud of that man?make much of him. He
is an ornament to the party world. His "com
plaint is soul?it swells, expands, dilates, the
blood fires, the pulse quickens, the excitement
Mr. Rives reminded Ms countrymen "that in
the downfall of the Roman republic, it was
said Octavius had his party, Antony had his
party, but the Commonwealth had none, Let
it not be said, in this critical and eventful mo
ment of our national fortunes, that Mr. Buch
anan ha* his party, Mr. Fillmore his party,
Mr. Fremont his party, Mr. Stockton his party,
but that the country has none." And how
does Mr. Rives propose to give the country a
party? By re-galvanizing the Whig party,
which have already in every mode possible
declared itself of the Fillmore party. Is that
it? This purest, "this d d foin, enchant
ing, bewitchir.g" little expunger proceeds thus:
u If there ever was a moment when the country
should have a party looking at mfn and politi
cal associations only in subservience to the
great interests of the public peaca and the
public happiness, that moment is now; and
never was there a set of men who, from their
antecedents and theia position, however reduced
in numbers, are better fitted to meet the high
responsibilities of a country party than the
old line Whigs."
How are they to do it ? Listen. Tbey hav*
no ambitious aspirations to consult, for "they
have and will have no candidate in the field
for the disputed honors of the Republic." Can
any party carry out any principle without
agents, without men identified with the princi
ple, to sustain, support and execute it? The
country party " have, and will have, no candi
date in the field." They have, and will have
no agent* to carry out their principles. It will
indeed, be a countryJxed party.
Listen again s They the old line W higs, this
country party, "are under no party bonds in
consistent with a contcieniiout freedom of
choice among the candidates presented by
others?a choice in which they will be guarded
solely by a consideration of what .shall appear
to them to be the best interests of the country,
and of the solid guarantees offered in the his
tory and characUr as wall as professed prinoi
plea of the respective candidates for an upright,
prudent, honorable and national administra
tion of the government." This is, indeed, a
beautiful specimen. The country pa: .y ha
no candidate, they are^to exercise "a consci
entious freedom of choice aiuong the candi
dates presented by others," and they are to do
it after this wise. They are to call a party
convention, of pure old line Whigs, and put iu
operation the machinery of party conventions,
every man of the convention being nothing
more than "one of the people," " pretending to
no lead," "no longer a politician," and by a
binding resolution they are to determine the
mode by which the country party shall exer
cise a conscientious freedom of choice among
the candidates presented by others. They are
to have county meetings, appoint committees,
announce principles, denounce other parties,
elect delegates to represent them, assemble at
considerable expense, devote time, money,
reputation, adopt formal platforms?all to in
struct the new country party of old line Whigs
how to " be guided suUly by a consideration
of what thall appear to them to be the best
interests of the country, and of the solid guar
antees offered in the history and character, as
well as professed principles of the respective
candidates, for an upright, prudent, honorable
and national administration of the govern
ment." The convention must tell them wheth
er to vote for the Buchanan party, the Fillmore
party, the Fremont party, the Stockton party,
or the no candidate country party. Mr. Rives
adds: "This is a noble position, and nobly
will it be sustained, he doubted not, by the
independent Whigs of Virginia and the
It is a noble position to denounce being
governed by the fiat of a few, and then to
make ourself prominent among a few to pro
nounce that fiat in the most binding obligatory
It is a noble position to denounce party con
vention machinery ; and then to become a mem
ber of a convention, before the words die out
of the mouth, to put the machinery in motion.
To claim to exercise freedom of choice; and
theu to call a convention to tell you you how
you shall slavishly exercise that choice. To
claim credit for having no candidate, and
then to meet together to bolster up somebody's
candidate, or to proclaim one of your own. To
denounce the Gauls, and then be ready to
throw yourselt into the arms of the Gauls.
Such positions will not be sustained by the
independent Whigs of Virginia and the Union,
, either as noble or tenable.
The independent Whigs of Virginia, and of
the Union, know that we are to have a severe
and bitter contest in the North. They know
that that contest is ominou* of evil. On the
part of the Republican and Know-nothing
parties of the North it is entirely a sectional
contest. They know that there are fifteen
States of the Union where it will be impoiwible
to make a Fremont electoral ticket, particularly
since his Black Republican Abolition letter of
acceptance of his nomination. They cannot
but know that if a Know-nothing electoral
ticket shall be sucessfully run in any Southern
State, it must weaken the moral power of the
South. The Southern State that elects a
Know-nothing electoral ticket in the present
condition of the House of Representatives,
might just as well vote for the Black Republi
can candidate. They know, that if the South
remains firm to the cause of the Constitution
and the Union, both will be preserved. And
knowing these things, they will occupy the
noble position of sustaining the only na
tional party now in existence, and lend their
aid to sustain Mr. Buchanan, without waiting
for the fiat of V. W. Southall or William C.
Rives to proclaim to them their duty.
Mr. Buchanan stands upon the Democratic
platform erected at Cincinnati, which every
southern man must see is clear and explicit,
infinitely more so than that erected by any
other party. They see that Mr. Buchanan
announces that that platform meets bis cordial
approbation. They know that during his whole
political life he has been engaged in advoca
ting southern rights in the Senate and out of
it, sustaining them on the stump, in conver
sation, and in the newspapers before the peo
ple of Pennsylvania. They will not distrust
him. They, and every lover of his country,
ought in the fearful crisis in the affairs of the
Republic, which is threatening and seriously
endangering the Union, rally with the Demo
cratic party to prostrate sectionalism. They
will strengthen the arms of those northern
men who are breasting public opinion at the
North for the support of the Constitution and
the Union, and will do nothing to arrest them
while dealing blows upon the enemies of the
South. Mr. Rives and his confreres may
figure in a Whig convention, and endeavor to
bring to bear upon the South the " fiat of the
few," but all the machinery they can use will
be the old rickety, worn out cogs and wheels
which will only serve to clog and impede their
own motion and consign them to a deeper ob
livion than they have hitherto obtained.
We have given thus much of our editorial
space to a review of Mr. Rives's speech, because
we see, with all his attempts to disguise it, a
settled determination to induce the old line
Whigs to throw away their votes and render
wome than nugatory their influence for good,
to the country and especially to the South, in
the coming election. It seems to be intended
as a key note for the other Southern States,
and hence we have deemed it worthy of our
We shall pay our respects in a future nnm
ber to the action of the Whig Convention (held
in Richmond) and other kindred topics.
It is understood that the Senate yesterday
confirmed all the nominations of naval officers,
for promotion, presented by the President of
the United States, with some three or four ex
ceptions, The number submitted is said to be
over two hundred.
The resolution of Mr. Toombs, offered yes
terday in the Senate, proposes to test the sense
of that body upon a constitutional point con
nected with the proceedings of the late Naval
Board. It makes a direct issue in regard to
ohe of the displaced officers, and a general one
as to all who may have been injuriously af
fected. The disposition of this resolution will
excite naore than ordinary interest.
[National InUlligtnetr of y later day.
TIipi following, from the New York Herald,
pur Hi n io be a telegraphic despatch from
V\ *oi.iugton, but doubtless prepared iu the
7/t. I odice, is a specimen of the many silly
and futile resorts to which the enemy are
driven. We publish it for its very stupidity.
Washington, July 16, 185G.
A very curious and importaut secret move
ment is on foot here in behalf of the Southern
Democracy, being uo less than a conspiracy of
the original friends of Pierce, Cass and Doug
las, in the South and Southwest, so to shape
the Presidential contest as to throw the elec
tion into the House of Representatives by
throwing away three or four Southern States
upon Fillmore, the great object being the de
feat of Buchanan and the election of Breckin
ridge to the White House.'
It is supposed that by thus carrying up Fre
mont, Buchanan and Fillmore to thellouse,
the old game of the election of Speaker will be
repeated between the three parties, and that
thus in personal explanation, Buncombe
speeches and barren voting, the whole session,
from December to the 4th of March, will be
exhausted. If by that time there is no election
by the House, the Constitution of the United
States declares that the person elected as Vice
President shall be President, as in the case of
death or constitutional disability of the Presi
dent. And if there be no Vice President
elected by the people, through a majority of
all the votes of the electoral college, then the
Senate shall choose the Vice President from
the two highest candidates from the people.
(See amendments to Constitution.)
The calculation, then, is first to throw the
election into the House?second, to fritter away
the sesssion without coming to a choice; and
thus, by throwing the issue upon the Senate, to
?ecura the election of Breckinridge as Presi
dent qf the United States. In the Senate such
would be the inevitable result, whether Breckin
ridge , should come before them with a clear
majority of the electoral vote or the highest or
the lowest of the two candidates carried in.
To make sure, however, of a good electoral
vote for Breckinridge, some of the leading
South Americans have been let into the plot,
and it is arranged that Mr. Humphrey Marshall,
of Ky., and Mr. Rayner, of N. C., and others,
?hall take the stump in Kentucky, North Caro
lina and other States, for Fillmore and Bretfkin
ridge, a diversion which, it is confidently ex
pected will give even the Fillmore States of the
South to Breckinridge.
You will see the working of the plot when
they start the machinery.
Terrible Railroad Aeetdent.
aQTWe find i? the lntelligeiieer the follow
ing account of the terrible accident on Thurs
day upon the Pennsylvania railroad. I he
cause of it, as usual, was the most criminal
conduct of those having charge of the two
trains. This placing upon a single cast, as it
were, the lives of hundreds of passengers, will
only be corrected by hanging until they are
dead,the scoundrels who thus sacrifice,by whole
sale, human life.
The feeling of public and universal indigna
tion will be greatly heightened in the present
case by the fact, that many, if not most of the
killed and maimed, were little children.
As an excursion train of the children of St.
Michael's,Church Philadelphia, was proceeding
on the North Pennsylvania railroad, Thursday
morning, it came in collision with the down
train. Six cars were entirely demolished,thirty
nine persons killed, und sixty nine maimed or
wounded. Many of the wounded were conveyed
in carriages to Germantown, and surgeons were
dispatched to the scene of the disaster.
The excursion train contained eleven hundred
children, with their parents and teachers. The
collision occurred in a curve near the town of
Fort Washington, about fourteen miles from
Philadelphia. The down train was running
slowly, but the excursion train was going rapid
ly, endeavoring to reach the stopping place
before meeting the down train. Both locomo
tives were crushed together, setting fire to the
mass of broken cars, and consuming the bodies
of many victims of the collision. The scene
was heartrending . .... ..
Among the killed are Rev. Daniel Sheridan,
chorister of the church, Hugh Campbell, Mary
Lelly James Mclntire, John Dogan, Edward
Hall,' John Rivers. James Hickey. William
Barnard, Henry Haines, Mary McDelaia,
Catherine McGurk, Ellen Clark, Sarah Mc
Grugan, Catherine McGrugan, Kate McGirr,
John Brady, Margaret Meanv, John McGuire,
James Carney, and Henry Harrison, engineer
of the up train.
In addition, seventeen bodies were counted
beneath the ruins of the cars, mostly consumed.
Eleven men aud women and two children were
consumed in one car. Total killed 39 ; wounded
69. Twenty-seven of the bodies are so burnt
that they cannot be recognized.
When the locomotives came together they
rose on end and the fireboxes nearly touched;
they then fell over directly across the truck.
The fire being scattered about, the first excursion
car caught, and in turn communicated flames
to the others while upon it. The most extra
ordinary exertions were made to extricate the
mutilated and crushed beings amid the wreck
Many were still alive when the flames reached
them Their groans and cnes were awful, but
so rapid and fierce were the flames that no aid
could be rendered them. Two hotels, one
dwelling house, a blacksmith shop, *nd u shed
stood within three hundred yards of the scene,
all of which were used to shelter the dying and
wounded. A number of physicians Irom the
city and Germantown were early in attend
a?Two fire-engines from Chestnut Hill forced
water through their hose to the wreck, and,
after working several hours, the human re
mains were removed. Nineteen burnt bodies
were removed to the blacksmith shop, three of
whom were supposed to be females. Lnder
the shed were eight bodies so charrcd as to
?f, The l-d, of F.,b.r 8h.n.
dan was recovered and brought to this City.
William Vaustavern, the conductor of the
down-train, has committed suicide by swallow
ing arsenic. William Lee, the engineer of be
same train, has be*rf arrested and committed
for examination. ^
r? W It I* the Rr|ro-Dowi? w,,h th#
In the Wisconsin State Senate, lately a bill
was passed extending the right of suffrage to
the negroes of that State-yeas 16, nays 6.
While this process of elevating _the negro <>
political privileges is going on with Black Re
publicanism, the same faction, in its Know
nothing shape, is combatting for laws which
will degrade white men who are born without
the country, or those of Catholic faith born in,
or out of it, to the condition of heloU. Mas
saohusetts, the head-quarters of Black Repub
licanism, has moved first in prosecuting the
foreign-born *hite man to a position beneath
^ Abolition "shrieks for freedom" are not made
for men of white blood Thenegro.on^ii
the object of its sympathy, and for th > <7
agitate, trampling upon law ?nd Const, ut,on
in their zeal for his elevation. In its lab rs
n his regard our German foreign citizens are
esnecinll involved to assist abolitionism?to
elevate the ne*ro and degrade their own coun
trymen. Some of the leaders claim to repu
diate Know-nothingism, but U ? J
the latter will not incorporate Abolitionism
to .??<?? Bl.ck Republicanism, ..
rpnrenented in the national house of represen
tatives, has five members who endorse h.now
nothinsism where it has one who repudiates it.
The latter is an acceptable artice ot faith with
the great of Abolitionists, but tb?y re
quire with the white rntu'd degradation, the
meed of honor to the negro.
It is thus " freedom shriek*," and to a par
ticipation in this Republican labor, white men
of foreign birth are asked to land a hand.
Massachusetts having favored the negro,
now moves for the proscription of the foreign
born white man. Wisconsin Republicanism
has taken the tirst step only, but give it the
power, and the last step will be taken.
(Springfield (111.) Register.
Mr. William M. Burwell, late editor of the
Washington Organ, has resigned his seaf in
the Virginia Legislature, because he cannot
longer act with the Know-nothing party against
the election of Buchanan and Breckinridge.
His published letter of resignation is able and
interesting, and shows that those in the South
who under any pretence seek to draw the South
from the uupport of Buchanan and Breckin
ridge, are pursuing a course that must lead, if
successful, to the destruction of the rights and
interests of their section of the Confederacy.
[ Washington Star of yesterday.
M. Snyder Si Son, Brokers, Pennsyl
vania Avenue, next Brown's Hotel, are buying
and selling Land Warrants at the following
rates for to-day :
BUYING PRICK. BELLING PRICE.
'10 Acres. ...... .$1 00 1 40 Acres $1 15
SO " 97 | SO " 1 00
120 " 93 1?0 " 96
J00 " 97 I 160 " 1 00
A decision has been made by the Su
preme Court of Alabama, by which every
railroad, steamboat, or stage is liable to the
owner of any 6lave absenting himself from
his owner who may be found travelling with
them uuder any disguise or concealment.
J. Baines, of London, has obtained a
patent for a cement which protects whIIs from
damp. It consists of eight parts of oil to one
part of flour sulphur, which by being heated
to two hundred and seventy degrees unite.
The cement is applied by means of a brush.
CI7" Buchanan and Breckinridge Club.?
The regular meeting* of this* Club will be held at
their Kooin on the corner of 13th street and Pa.
avenue, on Friday evening of each week, at 8
Members of the Club nre expected to be punc
tual in their attendance
J. W. IRWIN, Cor. Sec.
M. SNYDER & SON,
BANKERS. DEALERS IN LAND WARRANTS
AND DOMESTIC EXCHANGE,
No. 38d, Penn. A v., (National Hotel building.)
Washington City, I>. C.
THE PEOPLES' NEW EDITION.
"N PUKSS, aid will be published lmn>edl
THE LIFE AND PUBLIC SERVICES
IIOK. JAMES UL'CIIAKAN,
With Portrait fioin a Photograph by l>rady.
1 mo. Paper. 25 cents.
Dealers and Committee* supplied at low rase*.
Address orders to tlie Publisher*
LI VERM ORE & ltUDD.
31" Broadway, New York.
MIDDLETON'S ICE. *
One price and full wupply guarantied.
THE Subscriber, hiving succeeded in filling
all his housed with Ice of a very superior
quality, and having the most extensive facilities
for conducting the trade, is now fully prepared to
ike contractu for the ensuing season, and feels
confident that the interest of consumers will be
advanced by giving it their attention.
Persons in any part of Washington will b?
supplied punctually according to Contract, either
for the season, (viz'from 1st May to 1st October,
or for the entire year.
To avoid mistakes and trouble in settling ac
counts, contracts should l?e made, if possible, with
the proprietor, and not left eulirely with servant*
nml those delivering the Ice.
Ticket* if used at nil must be paid for on deli very
unless otherwise arranged.
Customer* leaving the city lor more than ten
days at a time, by giving notice at the office, will
be entitled to a proper deduition; without *uch
notice no deduction will be made.
Notice of change of re-idence, if given ailhe
Jffl.-V, will preveut disappointment.
Com planus against drivers for neglect, careless
ness, or any other cause, should be made at the
Ice kept constantly on hand at the office, and
can be had in largo or small quantities.
Orders can be left at the followmg places or
ent through the Post Office:
Naik.n Ac Palmer, Penn. avenue and 9ih street.
Z D. Gil.man, Penn. avenue, bel ween 6th and
W. II. Oilman, Pennsylvania avenue and 4}
Dr. T. C. McIntikk, 7th and I streets.
Ford 6t Bao., Penn. avenue and 11th *trect
Hidglky's, Seven Buildings.
Z. M. P. K no, corner lf>J and 1 streets.
H. II. McPhkrbon. Capitol Hill.
L. R Holmkad, Maryland avenue and 7th
F. S. Walsh, Navy Yard.
Dyson, corner of Penn. avenue & 12th
Office and Depot southwest cor. F and 12th street*.
YC.EIA IK?T?;i.. Old I'oiMt Comfort.?
This most delightful Summer Resort, the
most inviting on thPSouthern seaboard, for varied
attraction excelled by none in lite country,
convenient to the salt bath and all the luxuries of
the salt water region, in broad view of Hampton
Roads aua tl^e Chesapeake Bay, and with an
extensive military post beside it, has pusseu to the
propriatorship of the undersigned, and w.ll be
opened for the public reception on the 10th ot
June, after which date it will not be again cjpsed.
To no locality in all (he land can the votary ol
pleasure or the seeker for health resort with
better assurance of gratification. Disease at Old
Point Comtort any season is almost uulnown ; for
health, indeed, it rivals the most secluded retreat
of the mountain interior.
For the chief management the proprietor ha*
eugaged a gentleman who possesses the best
aptitude for the management of a first-class
watering place, while his own supervision will
guard the comfort of guests and the reputttion
of the establishment
m ?y 20?'ilnw'lm JOS. SEGAR.
MRS. FRANKLIN respectfully informs the
Ladies of Washington that she continue*
to jive instruction in Vocal Music./ From her
long experience and professional intercourse with
the best Artulesot Europe and America, she feel*
confident that her method of cultivating the voice
and imparting correctness of atyle and expression
will render satisfaction.
For terms and hours apply to Mr* I". at her resi.
dence 4flfi E street, between 9th and 10th streets.
Reference i* made to Mr. R. Davis and Mr. G.
Hilbus, at their Music Stores on Pennsylvania
A veil ne. Dec 13
riun AHIf LVCKTT, Sen.. Ituwtrr,
Potomac Hall, corner of Eleventh-street ana
Maryland avenue, over Clarke's Drug store. Wash
ington, D. C
Every style of b?>ok-binding executed, either in
velvet, Turkey Morocco. Unas in or fancy colors
Periodicals and Music neatly half bound
Mr. Lycitt re*pectfully suggests U> hi* friends
that while much has Iwen dflne to transmit family
rerordsf little care has been taken to preserve pa
rental UXenessea. He takoa thi* method to inform
h's friends, and thnse desirous -( perpetuating per
?>nal remembrances, that daguerreotype like
nesses can be inlanl on the inside covers of fai^l
ly bibles, presentation-l>ooks oi I eepsakes, speci
mens of which can scan hi- bindery, or he
can be addressed hvletter, wfwhu-iM lis promptly
a tended to
(JTOBIOGRAPHY tfF A JOllftllBY
f m man Printer.?The Worktnginan s Way in
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Classic and Historic Patriot*, by .lanes llruce.
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