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BE1. ? KLEY TUCKER, K 1? I '( if ft and pkopki etoe, V4I. Kij.O NOKKIWG, JULV 2(i U?Mi>CttAll< M)M .\VllO(te?. F 0 H P K K S t ;? fc N T. ?JAMES BUOHa A Ai\ , OF PENNSYLVANIA. -'Oil. VI U PUlClilUKNr, JOHN C. BRECKINRIDGE, OP k&HTUC'KY* ItOTIOK. National Uimii katic Committee Rooms, July i>, 1856. Siat?? executive committees, county and city dubs ami associations, organised to promote the elect inn of the Democratic nominees lor the Presidency ami Vice Presidency of the United States, will address their communica tions to Hon. C'li akles J. I'ai i,k.nkh, of Vir ginia, Chatrman of the National Democratic Resident Committee, Washington flty, D. C. Democratic papers throughout the United States are requested to copy the above notice. Hi/ order of the Committee. TO OUM KKII.NH*. \\ e call attention to the annexed terms of the Sentinel for the Presidential Campaign: The Thi Weekly Sentinel will be sent un til the eleventh day of November next?being One week after the Presidential election: 'l'o olitb? of alx fciiltkcrlb?-r?, for - $5 OO '' " fourtecu aabtcrlbcrt, for 10 OO 'l a ? tingle ?ub?crib?r, for - - ? - 1 OO iiit \Y, ::ki.y Sentinel, for same time? To club* of Ave mit>?erlt>*-r? ? ? ? 9 no To a ilngl* inbacrllicr .... - , so Tb? frl-We?kly, out ytar - s oo The uxkly, ** .... '2 oo I toe notes current in the section of country where a subscriber resides will be received, and for the tractions of a dollar postage stamps may be sent at our risk. fiorNo name will be entered on our books unless accompanied by the cash. All letters should be addressed to "John Shaw, Sentinel OJf'tce, H axhington City," who is Julv authorized to receive all moneys and forward receipts. BEVERLEY TUCKER. rnit ore: k r thiai.. In ordinary times the voters ol America go to the polls to decide between the relative merits of contending politicians ; the strile is merely in regard to men and the petty spoils of office; victory is without profit, and defeat unattended by loss. Under the Providence of God, however, we of the American Union have drifted upon one of the?e extraordinary cr sea which distinguish either the rise or the decline of nations. Our glorious ship of State 1 .?.? strayed from its revolutionary harbor; we a. e borne onward by one of those fierce, un relenting tempests, which, eighteen hundred ears ago, overwhelmed the ark of ancient political liberty. A vote ca=t in 1856 for a Presidential candi date will be no empty tribute to personal merit; it will be a blow lor or against personal liberty, for or against American civilization, for or against the gr< ..t principles of enlightened Christianity. W toevt-r shall vote for Jahks Buchanan Will indoi-ie the doctriae of the right of mau to govern himself, and to worship God according to the dictates of his own con science; whoever shall cast his vote against him, will use a dagger on the living, and in sult the memory of the glorious dead. We are indulging in no personalities; our remark relates to principles, not to men. The election of James Bcc'Ianav is d< mauded by considerations higher and holier than any which can find a parallel in the whole history of the past. The triumph of John C. Fremont would not be a mere triumph of the recognition of the political value of the Mariposa claim, though it is obvious to the common sense of men that the supposed possession of uncounted acres of gold, dictated the nomination of Col. Fre mont for the Presidency. We might bring ourselves to overlook the vulgar and sordid motives which were the immediate agents of bis notoriety. When we apeak of Col. Fre mont, however, we forget everything but the prominent aud .unquestioned fact, that his elec tion would intvre a dissolution of the confed eracy. Few have taken the pains to look aj tkis subject in all its bearings; let us for a moment lift the veil, and glance over the troubled and fearful area of a sectional admin istration. The civil wars of ancient Iiome would furnish no prototype for America distracted by frater nal strife; the French revolution itself could afford no adequate picture of the horrors of the Anglo-Saxon dagger, drawn for the avow ed purpose of shedding Anglo Saxon blood. ?'When Greek meets Greek, then comes the tug of war." Elect Colonel John C. Fremont to the Presi dency, and a dark cloud will cover the brightest heritage of God; a .light of gloom and tempest will burst upon us; the land sacred to freedom, will become the home of the Caucasian slave; the liag of the Revolution will lose half its star? and all its glory; tyranny will become the rule, and liberty the exception ; the dark demon of religious persecution will be re instated upon bin ausieot throne; another Ma rius and another Sylla will live; the descen dants of the noble dead of Hunker Hill and Yorktown will meet upon the banks of the Ohio, not to crush a foreign invader, but io test the relative strength of the Korthern and Southern oolumnsof American chivalry! Who shall picture the desolation of such an hour? Who will be ready to excuse the deeply-dyed traitors that will enter the front ranks of civil strife, and fatten upon the life-blood of their assassinated country? No! let us awake from oar slumber; let us gird on the armor of our patriot sires; let us meet the shock, however rude, and-lrample down the foe; li t us not be deceived by the miserable protessions of the ignorant, the coward It, or the bigoted ; let the gallant Democracy of America put on the sa cred garments of '76 and *89; let us take a solemn oath tu stand by the Constitution and the L niou ; by all the memories of the past, and all the hopes of the future; let us solemnly swear to rise in our power, and quell the demon of disunion ; let us, t'orgivjng the thousands who have been deeeired, punish the hundreds who are treacherous and corrupt; let us, if compelled by necessity, form ourselves into a solid square; let (hat column, if fate shall so decree, grow smaller as its heroes, one by one, shall fall before the blast; but let us never surrender the flag of the Revolution ; let us preserve our organization, and lash with a merciless and uuspairinghand those ''fouudlings of fortune, who, overwhelmed in the torrent of corruption at an early period, lay at the bottom like drowned bodies, while sanity remained in iliem, but who, at length, becoming buoyant by putrefaction, rose as they decayed, and floated lo the surface of the political stream, where they ait; drifted along, the objects of terror, and contagion, and abomination." I ll*' Democracy ot 185l> ueud not fear to challenge a comparison with their opponents. We deserve to be slaves, if we act the part of cowards; we deserve to be trampled upon, if, like the serpent of old, we crawl around the borders of that Eden which is ours by inheri tance and ours by adoption! Of what should the Democracy be ashamed? Of what, indeed, may we not be proud? Every law on the page I of our history owes its origin to Democratic instincts and Democratic votes; our army, our navy, and our commerce, have been nur tured from the beginning by Democratic hands; to the opposition we owe nothing?absolutely nothing. W ho are they that are engaged to-day in | traducing our candidates, misrepresenting our policy, and villifying our measures? They are the men who expect lo grow rich out of the treasures which Colonel Fremont iloes not own in California ; they are the fledglings of abolition colleges. who have learned only what is vulgar and iub'ulous in the classics; they are the piratical political gamblers who have lost everything upon a single stake; they are, generally, the otfspriug ot the >ery purlieus of J venality?ihe satellites ot free love associa tions and anti-war societies?the lossilized re mains of the corruption and wickedness of for mer times?the surviving monuments of de I funct Know-nothing lodges?the hypocritical preachers o! a lalse gospel?the very rcxiduiun, in short, of a long peace and a stagnant world. Such is the material which enters into the composition of the travelling orators and hire ling writers of the Abolition-lvnow-nothing anli-Xebra.->ka party; of such materials are composed the men most prominent in traducing James Beth k.\an and Stephen- A; Douglas. Janes Hl'chanan ia tip ill patriarch ot the Democratic party?,L per of the aucieut Democratic seal?the dispensable link in that golden chain which connects us with the glorious past?a statesman of whom any peo ple in any age might have been proud?one who, in the Presidential chair, will do honor to bis country and his race. Stephen A. Douglas is one of those intellectual giants that stand out as land marks on the path of time?an embodiment of everything that is chivalrous, generous, and great iu human nature?one of those lofty, clastic columns, upon which the genius of universal history loves to write the noble destiny of man?one who, in the highest circles of Brittain, ranks with Sheridan, Burke, and the elder Pitt. Shall the traducers of men like these bear off the palm of victory? Shall sectionalism triumph over national sentiojent? Shall en mity to the Constitution wear the laurels which properly belong to love of couutry ? Shall the j ability to appropriate to private purposes au estate of gold, rank higher in the market than that talent which can rule a nation and com mand the respect of the world ? Elect John C. Fremont, and the lines will at once be drawn between a Northern and a Southern Republic. The South will be treated as a foreign enemy. Not a vote, perhaps, in Georgia will be given to Colonel Fremont; not a mnii will be fouud within the limits of that State who will accept oflice under a sec tional administration; yet there are many offi ces to be filled in the Commonwealth of Geor gia, and these will probably be occupied by Abolitionists from the North, of the Giddings and Garrison school! Comment is unneces sary. Every vote given for Fillmore will be a vote, practically, for Fremont. Let national men, North, Sooth, East, and ^Vesf, reflect upon this fact, and act accordingly. COM.MRXDAKLK AMU PH A Id EWOU THY. Many of oar citizens are petitioning Cot. gress for an act incorporating a society to establish Houses of InduHtry and Refuge; the first to save, the aecond to redeem from crime. Some regard this as the greatest necessity of onr city, and propose to assist in the purchase of suitable places f6r preparing those, who may be under their care, with good homes, when their labor is needed, and faithfulness will be encouraged by a fair compensation to be paid at the end of their term. These objects will doubtless meet the approval of right-minded persons generally, as being just what is need ed ; and coorts and juries will be relieved from the painful necessity of so often turning at larjje those who need restraint, because con finement with hardened criminals will make them still worse. Relieving the trustees are worthy of public confidence, aud approving their plan, we hope Congress will grant them a charter, ami that the public will lend a libe ral pecuniary aid. The Ten Cent Fahrlfteatlnn. The New York Tribune a<lmits with an un usual frankness, that Mr. Buchanan never made use of any snch expression as has been falsely imputed to him. The Tribune *ay?: "The charge that Mr. Buchanan has advo cated a reduction of laboring men's wages to ten cents per day, has but a very partial gup port in fact. He certainly never made any such proposition directly, nor anything which ha understood to have that effect." The population of Cuba is estimated at the present time at about 1,600,000. Of this number, 650,000 are white, 750,000 slave black, and about '200,000 free black. By a royal order of the 12th of March, 1837, free colored j>eople were prohibited from landing in Cnba. OPPUklTlOli TACTICS- STOP i ll IKK ? THIC TWO K'b. i'he leaders of the opposition factions, led ou by their purchased organs, in warring against the Democracy, have improved the tactics adopted iu their first crusade against I Hu m as Jekkekson. The " billingsgate"' abuse levelled against that immortal patriot of De mocracy, iu which the great Massachusetts leader figured so conspicuously, with his " Dusky Salty," is still well jemembered. It is recollected, also, that the foul ealumnies then coined and promulgated to destroy the reputation of the illustrious penman of the Declaration of Independence, so disgusted the honest, intelligent, common sense people of this country, as to induce them to pause, ex amine, and reflect upon the causes which gave life to such virulent abuse, levelled against the character of that great apostle of liberty; and in the maturity of their conviction they hurled from power the elder Adams, together with his well remembered amen and sedition uwi. An administration came into power, founded upon Democratic principles, iu the election of 1 mom as .1 ekkekson, at the beginning of the present century, and was continued without intermission for forty years. Cp to the present time, indeed, the opposition to the Democratic party have elueted but two Presidents for a single term each! and it is a strange, n solemn fact, that neither lived to serve out that single term!! 1 here are two lactions now opposed to the Democratic party, acting, apparently, upon separate platforms, but both stimulated by the same hatred toward and desire to break down and cast out. of existence the principles, mea sures and men of that party. The tactics used in tho war against Jefferson, and the patriots vUjo followed him, us candidates for the Presi dential ofiice, now diiect the opposition against James Buchanan. Calumnies, which long since suffered the death of the wicked, are rehashed?new ones are manufactured to order by mercenary hirelings?records are mutilated and produced as original, with forgers hands! and lor what purpose? We might answer, " h-r the purpose of giving them so wide a cir culation, in such a plausible garb, as to defy the reach of contradiction, and make them stick and have their effect somewhere!" But this is not their only purpose! The arch man agers of the factions now in the field against Buchanan and Democracy, are counselled into their present plan of operations by the old adage of "stop thief r Aware of their own infamy, of their destitution of all principle, except that which is inspired by a lust for the power they would obtain at the risk of the life of the Constitution and the Union, the strength of the thief's stratagem is resorted to, by which they vainly believe they can delude the "sim ple minded common people." Iu conducting the present campaign, we be licve that our co-temporaries, as well as our selves, have been too long inveigled into a defence of our candidate and creed, by our cunning adversaries. The VHixcm.ES of the I Democratic party are before the country as part of its published history. They are the same now that they were at the formation of political parties. The declaration of principles enunciated by Thomas Jefferson, from the main pillars o.' tho Democratic platform at the present time. They are based upon the stern and earnest protestations contained in the De claration of Independence?upon the provisions of the great charter of our liberty?the Constitu tion of the United States?upon the lessons, the solemn admonitions, left us, as an invalu able legacy, by the "Father of his country,"in his farewell address. Upon this platform of principles, thus constructed James Buchanan now stands as the Presidential candidate of the Democratic people of the United States. His political record can be found in the archives of the Executive departments and Coogress, as part of the public documents, duly authenti cated and printed. His public speeches and letters are likewise in print, and before the people, subject to the examination of every citizen of the Republic. When any portion of his political career?auy single act of his long and trying public life is assailed, let the sacred volume be opened, and let his acts, there re corded, speak for themselves. They furnish the best refutation of any and every slander that can be produced against him. Acting upon tbe convictions we have thus briefly noted, it is our determination to change our indict bo far an to "carry the war into Africa," and open onr full battery against the puissant champions of Abolition-Know-noth ingism. We humbly suggest to our gallant co-temporarics to do likewise. Let the rene gades who compose the two factions, now in open hostility against the Democratic party, the Constitution, and the Union, be made to re treat to their dusky quarters and secret hiding places, and endeavor, at least, to close the yawning flaws in their own citadel, or they will be crumbled about their ears by the determined and irrcsihtable force of the People's army, long before the ides of November. 44 Lay on Mac Duff," is our watch word, now, hence forth, and until the enemies of the Constitution and the Union, acting under different names and guises will be laid so low, in the opinion of all good men, that tbe " spirit of darkness " himself would be puzzled to resurrect their buried fragments! In carrying into execution our programme of the campaign, we will have to encounter but little difficulty or trouble. We have a large stock of material on hand ready for instant use. It shall be applied to the leaders, and not to the deluded and betrayed followers, (who are sneeringly called " the simple-minded com mon people" by those leaders,) now engaged in an unnatural and unholy crusade against our glorious Union of States. The "adventurous chief" who leads the hand that has already desecrated tbe "fag of our Union" and now floats the shattered remnant over his strongholds, with SIXTEEN STARS instead of the THIRTY-ONE, composing the brilliant, constellated galaxy of States?the pride and glory of every American citizen? may cheat th? once wealthy showman, now "poor Tlarnum" with a " Woolly Horse!"?he may purchase for himself "mountains of gold" and herds of cattle with money belonging to the Government of the United Sfate*?the people's money!?but he shsll not be pawned upon them as a great "hero-patriot," fitted to rule the destinies of this great nation. He and his leading captains shall be unmasked-?and the houest and intelligent PKOfLK will do the work of rolliug back the tide of iufamy which now threatens to swamp our institutions. The grand Sachem, at preseut Gener-iu Chiel of the "Kuowuothing order," Millard Fill.moke?he who has been a in using himself iu Europe for .the last twelve or eighteen, months?dining and supping with lords and ladies, the POPE and his Cardinals, whilst his poor followers were at home lighting them selves almost out of existence against " flrki nkbs" and the "Paiush," will be made to occupy a conspicuous nitch iu our forth comiug portrait gallery. His double face will be ad mirable drawn, aud worthy the close inspec tion of the North and the South. Oil) 1<1NE WHIG CONVENTION OK VIRGINIA. This convention, in itself, turned out to be but an iusiguificaut affair?a flash in the pan, scarcely worthy of notice, and for any effect it cau have upou the vote of Virginia wholly un important; but being a part of a digested plau to affect other southern States, we give it a consideration which it otherwise would not merit. There are one hundred aud forty-seven counties and cities entitled to representation in the Legislature of Virginia, with about two hundi-ed thousand voters in the State. In this convention there were only forty-seven coun ties and cities represented. Of these, if you take the political preferences of the delegates elected to the last General Assembly as the criterion, there were twenty three that unques tionably were Democratic counties, and some of them giving tremendous Democratic ma jorities, leaving twenty-four Whig counties aud cities only represented, and some of these ex ceedingly doubtful, being sometimes on one side and sometimes on the other. Subtract the counties of Isle of Wi^ht, Chesterfield, Goochland, A ppomattox, Prince George, Prince Edward, Hampshire,Frederick, Madison, Wash ington, Halifax, Louisa, Franklin, Spottsyl | vania, Hanover, Charlotte, Pittsylvania, Peters burg, and the Democratic districts of Powha tan and Cumberland, Nottoway and Amelia, Essex and King and Queen and Orange and Greene, and we have twenty-four, because Amelia and Greene are not mentioned as rep resented, though they belong to Democratic districts. Thus, there were actually twenty four counties in convention, and they not en titled to thirty thousand votes.. Virginians, who know anything of the State, will be amused rather thau alarmed at such a con vention. Every man represented, and every representative, voted against the Democrats at the last election, and yet by the De mocrats they were desperately routed. But everybody kno*s that the changes now are in favor of i he Democracy, aud that thousands who voted with the Whigs and Know-nothings then, can't be rnado to touch them now with a forty-foot pole. But suppose the resolution adopted by this body, which will only be famous hereafter for impotence, should be carried into effect even in the counties claimed to be against the Demo crats, what number of old line Whigs would be represented by this magnificent humbug. Let us hear how they talk: " Deeming that the terms of the call of this convention are precise enough, aud sufficiently understood to exclude all who do not now claim to be Whigs, your committee think it unnecessary to recommend any other action on the resolution referred to them, than to express their opinion that this is exclusively a conven tion of the Whig party, and it is not to be presumed that any person not included iu the terms of the call will take seats iu this body." And suppose the Whigs alone were com puted in the counties represented, and that the followers of " Sam" were to be excluded from their deliberations, you might serve process on the party, aud the only return an officer could make would be " non est." And yet they gravely undertake to speak for the State of Virginia, and attempt to figure largely among the mighty conventions of the day. They at tempt to get up enthusiasm, aud to galvanize the old Whig party into life. They could not induce the people of Richmond even to attend their deliberations. The whole convention, in cluding spectators did not fill an ordinary sized church. They endeavored to get up a mass meeting on the public grounds, and the people who were promeuading for amusement or exercise, did not even ceaae their promenade, but appeared scarcely to know that anything unusual was going forward. The whole affair was written down as a miserable abortion, and the " Stars" who were to have shone on the great occasion were obscured by the brightness of the moon. The big guns could not be made to fire. The whole machinery wan out of order. Under these circumstance*, the only object, they can have is to prevent farther defection to the Democrats, and if possible to indace the old line Whigs throughout the Southern States to aid the Know nothings to frame electoral tickets for Fillmore, taking the mere chance of giving him a few votes to carry him into the House of Rrprcsentatives, under the hope that they may hold the balance of power there, and force a minority President upon the people of the United Status. How much better would it have been for them, like true patriots, consulting the interests of the South, to have sustained the Democratic party in crushing out the new geographical party whose sole aim is a destruction of South ern rights. How much better it would have been for them to have sustained Mr. Bccdaiun, relying upon his whole political career, and trusting to the memorable language of his speech in 184?"?, in favor of admitting Texas into the Union, when he said: "Surrounded by these circumstances, I took my stand on this question, from which I have never since de parted. Under the Constitution, the Southern States have rights guarantied to them, and these rights I determined to maintain come weal, come woe. I determined that I would never risk the blessings of this glorious Con federacy with all the benefits it holds out, not only to ourselves, but to the whole human race, for the sake of an unavailing philan thropy. The constitutional rights of the South under our constitutional compact, are as much entitled to protection an those of any other portion of the I'nion." Instead of this course, tbey commend to the j public consideration "the services of a Na- i tional Chief Magistrate, of one known for his | moderation, hU inflexible official impartiality, his equal and imperturbable attachment to each and every section, his intrepidity jp ad hering to bin convictions and patient fidelity in arriving at them, bis veneration for the Constitution as the object which his love and duty both coustrain him to defend." One, they say, of whom the world has had witness thai ho once discharged its high duties to the .xtinjjuiahinwit of sectional jealousies, the res orption of the reign of good feeling and the maintenance of the honor of the Government. And yet, the one, whom their owu party, when in the zeuitli of their power, in their owu Na tional Convention, while he was still iu office absolutely rejected as unworthy or unavailable, and set him aside for another who for some reason was deemed butter, but to whom the people administered the soundest thrashing that ever fell to the lot of any politician to receive. The resolutions too, which this great Con vention adopted, are worthy of a passing notice. " Jteaolw-d, That having no agency in the nomination of candidates for the i residency, and declining now to make any nomination oj their own, the Whigs of Virginia are left free to sclect among the candidates already betore the public; but iu making their selection they consult alone their principles and their duty, and by no means merge themselves in that party whose candidate they may adopt. But they will, on all occasions, maintain and pre serve their time-honored and distinctive P1"1/1" ciples, as known to the country and attested by their history." They decline " to make any nomination of their own," and leave the Whigs of Virginia " free to select among candidates already be fore the public." Under these circumstances of course, they could not name any candidate. A nomination is simply to present to the con sideration of the people the name of some per son and to recommend that name. In a nomination speech, the nominor simply pre sents the name of his favorite and generally earnestly invokes the active and zealous sup port of the appointing power in favor of the nominee. Well what do they do? They make no nomination, and yet in their seventh resolution they proclaim : " That convinced that in Millard 1' illmore the qualities and endowments are combined which, in the foregoing preamble are held in dispensable in a Chief Magistrate at the pre sent alarmiug crisis, and believing that these resolutions express his opinions, and that their principles will control his administration if elected to the Presidency, the members of this Convention do not hesitate to recommend him to the choice of the nation." Is this a nomination, or is it not? Millard Fillmore is the man named, and nobody else, and they do not hesitate to recommend him to the choice of the nation, but " they decline now to make any nomination of their own,' and of course they don't. The Whigs "are left j fr- e to select among the candidates already be fore the public," but if they select any other than Fillmore, they are no longer Whigs, for Fillmore is the embodiment of the principles expressed in their resolutions and if elected will be controlled by them. But not content to recommend him as a Whig embodying their opinions and principles they disclaim any connection with any other party. Though he may have been uamed by another party, they are not influenced by that consideration, hut they name him on their own b n>L and ask for him an active and zealous support. Here them iu the same resolution cuhtinu endo: 41 And while they disclaim all intention to adopt the principles of auother party, earnestly invoke their brethren throughout the State, to surrender whatever exceptions they may take to the quarter whence his nomination proceed ed, and to yield to him the active and zealous support to which he is entitled from the model he has given of a truly national administra tion." These two resolutions speak for themselves. In their second resolution they pronounce M the new party absurdly styling itself Repub licans as wholly committed to a sectional issue, and engaged in a crusade against acknowleded constitutional rights and the Union of the Stales," and they say "it is needless to say more of its candidate than that his pretensions are unworthy of being scrutinized and unfit to be considered in a national contest." In these sentiments we fully and heartily concur, and we yield them full credit for their utterance, though we think by the coarse they pursue, they are adding to the chances of giving effi cacy to this crusade against acknowledged constitutional rights and the Union of the 8tates. We fiud space will not allow us to follow, xeriatim each resolution adopted by the con vention, but we must place some of them in juxtaposition, to show how beautifully consis tent these gentlemen are in their own resolu tions and platforms. They say that it was not ' to have been expected that Mr. Pierce's Admin istration would have encouraged the aghation of the slavery question by giving its counte nance and patronage to the agitators, " and by disturbing for mere party ends compromises that bad long preserved the peace and har mony of the country." Now, do not these gen tlemen know that these compromises had not stopped the agitation of the slavery question? Do they not know that it continued to be the fruitful theme for discussion in and ont of Congress upon any and all subjects?that the North were dissatisfied with the Missouri line, that the South ever believed that in adopting that line their constitutional rights had been violated, and that in the erection of every new territorial government, and in the formation of every new State, the nhole subject was forever introduced anew, and that that compromise line was not considered obligatory. And how many Southern men voted against the repeal of that , compromise? Ought they not to applaud the Northern men by whom its repeal was intro duced, and who rendered such servic in re storing them to a position to demand equality of rights in the common territory? But they in their 6th resolution " cordially accept the compromises of 1850 as necessary concessions to conflicting views and interests." Knowing at the time that these compromises were but substitutes for the compromises which were disturbed, and the disturbing of ( which they denounce. And they say that they "being opposed to the renewal of the agitation of the question to which those compromises relate, will now resist any repeal or modifies t tion of the Kansas Nebraska act as calculated i to renew and inflame the strife that at thin tiiue endangers the rights and uuiou of the States." The truth is, they kuow aud believe that the present position of the Democratic party is the only true and sound one on this question, and they are forced to accept their measares whether they would or not. Let, then, the other Southern States look to the inconsistent course pursued by these leaders, who undertake thus to throw away their influ ence. Let them pause before they follow a lead, which must strengthen those who are engaged in a crusade ugaiust their acknow ledged rights, and give power to a candidate, whose pretensions are unworthy of being scru tinized, and unlit to be considered in a national eontest. We give place to the entire article of the Daily (N. 0.) Bee, as a specimen of cool ness upon the part of the few Fillmore jour nals iu the South. We had just takeu our pen to' answer it, and to expose the utter fallacy of asserting any strength for Mr. Fillmore in the South, sufficient to make him even a re spectable rival of Mr. Buchanan in that quar ter, while in the North it is quite apparent he cannot "hold a candle" to Fremont, when the Courier's (N. 0.) answer was handed us. We therefore adopt it as our own reply to the Bee" We also give from the same paper an article upon the same point, from the Boston Courier, an old line Whig paper, which will repay a perusal: Tho Uuly of tlie Mouth. Some of our readers may, peradventure, find it singular that we should devote so much space and so many articles to the demonstration of Mr. Buchanan's extreme weakness in the North. We have been influenced in our course by an earnest and abiding sense of duty. It is a binding obligation on every southern man to co-operate by every possible means in effect ing the defeat of Fremont, the sectional candi date for the Presidency. The first question which arises is, how is this important object to be accomplished ? We answer, by the united action of the South. But the South cannot be united while one-half of her citizens sustain Fillmore, and the other half Buchanan. Now it is self-evident that the true policy of the South is to cast her suffrages for the candi date who stands the fairest chance of obtain ing a sufficient number of electoral votes in the Free States to constitute a majority, when added to the entire, or nearly entire vote of the South. If the southern vote could be unani mously secured to Buchanan, and if that gen tleman were certain of commanding the elec toral votes of a few of the larger northern States, our solemn convictions of duty would compel us, inaugre our repugnance to Demo cratic doctrine, our thorough detestation of squatter sovereignty, our objections to the ag gressive spirit of the Cincinnati platform, and our settled dislike of most of the tenets and many of the acts of the Democratic candidate, to sustain Mr. Buchanan. We should do so as an alternative painful to a Whig, but impera tive upon a southern man. Let us look a little closely into this matter. Aa regards the North, the most hopele3B and incurable political blindness can alone fail to perceive that Mr. Buchauan's nomina tion has been unsuccessful in restoring har mony to the Democratic partv\ and has widened the breach between the Freesoil and National wings of the Democracy. The evi dences of this distracted and belligerent con dition of the party can be overlooked only by those who obstinately shut their eyes to the truth. The desertion of seven-eighths of the immense German vote of New \ork, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Wisconsin, Indiana, Iowa and Missouri, would alone suffice to overshadow his prospects in some of these States, and reduce his friends to a lean mi nority in others. These Germans have always been Democrats?their votes have enabled the party to triumph, and their defection de stroys its power and its influence. But this is not the gloomiest omen. We see through out the non-slaveholding States, Democrats American Democrats?who have never swerved from their political party, carried away by the Black Kepublicau movement, and .going over to Fremont. Wherever any portion of the Democracy ha* exhibited the least tincture of Freesoil, and especially in such States as New York, all New England, and the larger Northwestern States, there Fremont strengthens himself by accessions from the ranks of the Democracy. A neutral paper?the New York Mirror?says it is out of the question for Mr. Buchanan to carry a single New England State; that they will go for either Fremont or Fillmore. The ac count we publish in another column of the disaffection of the Democracy in Wan-en county, is an unerring index of Mr. Buchan an's growing feebleness, even in Pennsyl vania?the State which of all others might be considered safe for him. On the other hand, Mr. Fillmore is gaining strength all over the North. There is not a non-slaveholding State which will not be contested by him, and if we except Wisconsin and Illinois, there is not one which he does not stand a fair chance of carrying. His friends are ardent, numerous and active. His noble conservative speeches have attracted to his support hosts of nation al men. The quick instinct of the nation has been aroused. The people of the North, who are in the midst of the stormy sectional ex citement of the day, feel that they have a candidate in whom all parties and all sections can confide, whose stern sens, of justice will withstand aliks flattery and menace, and whose patriotism will look to the preservation of the Union, and the reconstruction of that fraternity and concord which are it* surest ligaments. Fillmore, therefore, is the last hope of the conservative and Union-loving citizens of the North. From the developments which have already transpired it is absolutely positive that Mr. Buchanan is the weakest of the three candi dates in the field; that in the North he is im potent to the last degree, and without the assurance of carrying a single State, not even Pennsylvania, and that the contest in the North is really between Colonel Fremont and Mr. Fillmore. Prove this, say thousands of Democrats in the Sonth, and we shall vote for Fillmore to defeat Fremont. Proofs in abund ance we have furnished already, and those who think proper, in a dispassionate and impartial spirit, to investigate the subject, have merely to examine the public press from day to day, and they will speedily convince themselves that there is no exaggeration in our statements. At all events no one will deny that if it be true that the contest in the North is between Fill more and Fremont, tvery Southern vote ca*t for Buchanan it virtually a rot* in favor of Frrmoni. It, therefore, becomes of the highest importance to point out clearly and unmista kably what public sentiment is at the North, and to warn Southern men to avoid being mis led by the blatant outcries of rampant parti sans or salaried officials. In the words of a coteraporary, we want the South to see this matter rightly. We would not, if we could, mislead a single man in re spect to the [Kisition and the relative strength of parties in the North. We only ask now that pvrrv true Southern man will pause and rr fleet. Be he Democrat or Know nothing, or r>ld line Whig, we ask him to inform himself what are the facts, and we tell him candidly but seriously, that ere another month shall have elasped, it will be apparent to the whole jountry that none but Mr. Fillmore can defeat ?he election of Colonel Fremont, and that it is :he duty of Southern men, without respect to party, to give him their earnest and unauiiuous support. From the New Orteuus Courier. In ?* Itukadurjr Crises iu politics, while they confound timid or hesitating minds, have at least the ?ood effect of fixiug more firmly and conclusively the convictions of those who do themselves the justice to study a subject before they form their opinions upon it. The present crisis in allium has had the happy effect of calling the serious attention of many of the best in tellects, formerly enlisted in the opposition to the Democratic party, to the real and se rious issues now before the country, and of compelling them as the last resources of pa triotism and duty to enlist under the same flag against which they have formerly waged bitter warfare. We have hailed the different accessions to our ranks, which have been an nounced during the past few months, with sin cere pleasure; and now we have opened be fore us the early accession of one ot the most formidable of the opponents of Democrary heretofore to be found throughout the entire South. The Bee is in a quandary. It is perplexed by the uspect of alfairs in the North, and has al ready mado its way so far backward from its late march into the realms of dark lanterns aad Know-nothingism, as to style itself a Whig, and to forget iu ita distress, its adhesion to the Philadelphia platform of 1855, which declared that the American party " had risen upon the ruins, and in spite of the opposition of the Whig and Democratic parties, and could not be held in* any manner responsible for the ob noxious actB or violated pledges of either." Yes, the Bee has, as it used to say two or three years back " crayfished"?by which peo ple not particularly acquainted with scientific ichthyological terms will please to understand " crawfished," and now talks no longer as an " intense" American journal auxious to for ward the peculiar views of the "order," but in its tribulation, and consequent speculation, as to the aspects of the political horizon, utters this suggestive piece of its dubious mind in its ' issue of yesterday. "If the Southern vote could be unanimously secured to Buchanan, and if that gentleman were certain of commanding the electorial votes of a few of the larger Northern States, our solemn convictions of duty would compel us, tnaugre our repugnance to Democratic doc trine, our thorough detestation of squatter sovereignty our objections to the aggressive spirit of the Cincinnati platform, and our set tled dislike of most of the tenets and many of the acts of the Democratic candidates, to sustain Mr. Buchanan. We should do so as an act painful to a Whig, but imperative upon a Souther man." The Bee does not profess to have any mis givings as to what its course, as a Know nothiug, should be; for its Kuow nothingism is, for the nonce, ignored entirely. It is iu a deep quandary only as to what "alternative" a Whig should now adopt; and declares that if convinced that Mr. Buchanan, in addition to his Southern support, were certain of commanding the elec torial votes of a few of the Northern States, its convictions of duty (as a Whig, and not as a Know-nothing,) would compel it to give him its support, as an "imperative duty of a Southern man." We recognize the claims which the Bee has upon us as a near neighbor. We take it foe granted that in the article of yesterday it intends to renounce its K. N. heresies, and resume its once proud position iu journalism as a Whig. We congratulate it upon this resolution, as we we would congratulate a cherished friend on his recovery from a dangerous illness or from lunacy. We intend, by the aid of the "Nor thern press'" to convince it, if, as we sincerely trust, its mental health is fully restored, that Mr. Buchanan does stand the chanre which it aunOunces as the condition of its support of that gentleman under its "imperative sense of duty." Wo will reason together; and if truth have yet any power iu this benighted land, w<? shall vote together in November?a demain done, voisin. A Northern View of Mr. Buelikiian't Strength. We invite the attention of the Bee and its credulous readers to the following extract from a late article in the Boston Courier, an old line Whig paper, on the prospect# of the Presiden tial election. It will be seen . I hut the Courier differs sliyhthj from the Bee in its estimate of Mr. Buchanan's strength in the North; "Thus, Mr. Buchanan enters the field with the whole Southern political force in bis favor; he is as certain of tne electoral vote of Penn sylvania?if any dependence can l?e placed upon the previous and well known action of Pennsylvania with regard to her politicians and her interests?as the sun is to rise on the day of the Presidential election?and be theu wants but two electoral votes to make hiin President. California has never nhown any peculiar favor toward Colonel Fremont?he was refused a re-election to the United States Senate about a year after she came in as a Slate?bis claim for her four votes has acquired no recent strength, and California has shown less disposition to sympathize with anti-slavery than other Northern States in the Union. lie has then to look to Iowa, Indiana and Illinois in the West?to New Jersey, Connecticut, New Hampshire and Maine in the North?all of which are debatable States, even with the anti slavery furor, now dying out, which is expected to be brought into action among their voters, aud his chances of success with them are no better, if they are as good, as those of the De mocratic candidate. There are other Northern States which might be put into the same cate gory, and there is besides the great State of New York, with her thirty-fiye electoral votes, which, in the present state of the canvass, the "Republicans* cannot claim with any surety of success. The friends of Mr. Fillmore will, withoot doubt, run an electoral ticket for him, and as they carried a plurality in the last State election, though they may be weakened by dis sensions now, they constitute a force which is not to be despised, and they have a large body of men in their ranks who can never he brought to the support of the " Republican" ticket. ? Death of Judge Mtjr. Judge John F. May departed this life yester day morning, at his residence on High street. The deceased was an eminent and wealthy citizen of this place, and during his life time had filled many civil offices of high public trust. He was respected by the community as a gentleman of high tone and scrupulous in tegrity. He leaves a widow and two daugh ters, besides a host of relatives and friends to mourn his departure. At the time of his death be was in his seventy-fifth year.'?Petersburg ^ (Fa.) paper of July 22. Mr. Hnrhannn'i Pledges. Internal Ibliry.?I most heartily pledge my self, shonld the nomination by the convention be ratified by the people, that all the power and influence constitutionally possessed by the Ex ecutive, shall be exerted in a firm but concilia tory spirit, during the single term I shall re main in office, to restore the same harmony among the sister State* which prevailed before this apple of discord, in the form of slavery agitation, had bevn cast into their mid?k-? James Buchanan. ,Foreign IWiry.?"Should I be placed in the Executive chair, I shall use my best exertions to cultivate peace and friendship with all na tions, believing this to b<*our highest policy, as well as our most imperative duty."?James Buchanan.