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Washington sentinel. (City of Washington [D.C.]) 1853-1856, July 26, 1856, Image 3

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rUOPLK 1N ULAH UOllKI IHUVLO
VKVKtt THROW MTOMKM.
The Fillmore men of the South are con
stantly harping upon Mr. Buchanan's unsound
ness upon the slavery question. They allege
he is not in favor of slavery per ae?that he is
in favor of squatter sovereignty?of the right
of Congress to exclude slavery from the terri
tories?-and actually presented a petition for
abolition in the District of Columbia.
From these charges we have already sucess
tully defended Mr. Buchanan. But suppose,
for argument's sake, they could not be substan
tiated.
What is the value of your argumeut ? If it
has auy, it must be to persuade southern men
to abandon Buchauan and support Fillmore.
It would not be reasonable to do so, however,
unless the obnoxious opinions of Mr. Buch
anan are repudiated by Mr. Fillmore; for
surely it can be no argumeut to urge a man to
refuse his vote to one candidate because of
certain opinions, and to support another who
holds the same.
We challenge the production of any public
vote, act, or sentiment, in the career of Mil
lard Fillmore, which shows he is not ingrained
in his hatred of slavery.
We demand the proof of the repudiation by
Millard Fillmore of the doctrine of squatter
sovereignty.
We challenge a denial of the assertion that
Millard Fillmore believes in the power of Con
gress to exclude slavery from the territories?
and, moreover, is in favor of ita exercise.
We aver, without fear of any contradiction,
that he voted to receive, refer, and report upon,
and consider all petititions to abolish slavery
in the District, the territories, and the slave
trade between the States.
We aver, that he is opposed to the admission
of new slave States into the Union, and de
clared in respect to Texas, that he would al
ways oppose it, until she abolished it.
We charge, that be was in favor of the im
mediate abolitiou of slavery in the District,
eighteen years ago, and we call for bis re
traxit.
We call for the production of word or vote
in his whole congressional career, when he did
not evince a settled hostility to the rights of
the South.
We call for the vote upon any question, in
volving slavery in Congress, when Millard Fill
more's name was not recorded upon the same
side, with Adams, Slade, and Giddings, or with
one or more of them.
When these and many other charges .shall
be met before the southern people by Fillmore
men, we may think it necessary to repeat our
defence of Mr. Buchanan from thsir charges.
At present we only add, that while in com
mon with most northern men, and with many
southern men, among whom was the leader of
the present southern defamersof Mr. Buchanan,
our standard bearer is not an advocate of
slavery for Pennsylvania, yet that upon the
other questions he is beyond reproach l>efore
southern people.
He is not in fnvor of squatter sovereignty.
He is opposed to the exclusion of slavery
from the territories by any but the supreme
power of the people when they come to form
a constitution.
He is opposed to the abolitiou of slavery in
the District of Columbia; and though he pre
seuted the petition mentioned, in the same
breath he moved that it* prayer be rejected.
Do southern defamers know, or knowing, make
it convenient to forget that part of the narra
tive?
We challenge the production of a vote of Mr.
Buchauan which would throw his influence 011
the side of opposition to the rights of the
South, or 01 e which did not vigorously sustain
them.
He is in favor of admitting slave States, and
voted to admit Texas, when Fillmore and
others opposed it, though they thns leagued
themselves with the British scheme for Texan
abolition, as a blow at the South !
He never voted with the Abolitionists against
the South, but with national men from both
sections, for the rights of the South under the
Constitution.
That the fanatical portion of the North
should hesitate, an(^^olitionists should shrink,
from the touch of so natfrial a record, is not
wonderful; but that the Month should hesitate
between Buchanan and Fillmore is strange,
and passing strange 1
T II K CITIZRN.
It gives ns great pleasure to announce that
the Citizen, one of the moat respectable jour
nals in New York, in about to hoist its* flag for
Mr. Buciiasan. In the next issue of the Citizen
a letter will appear from the powerful pen of
John Mitchell, in favor of the Democratic
candidates.
This letter cannot hut have a wide circula
tion, as the Citizen is stated, in the State cen
sus of 185*5, to have a circulation of at least
20,000, although the New York Herald ignores
it altogether, in its list of New York papers,
published on the 22d.
From Kansas.
Advice/from Kansas received at St. Louis,,
July 24, states that Col. Lane crossed Missouri
into Kansas on Monday with 600 men, armed
with Sharpe's rifles,"Tevolvers and bowie knives.
After crossing, Lane is reported to have re
turned saying that he wonld force his way up
the Missouri with another regiment.
General Harney, Col. Baker, and Captain
Pleasanton arrived at Fort Leavenworth.
They reported that a party of ('heyennes at
tacked the guard-house at Fort Kearney and
rescued the Indian prisoners, making good
their retreat with a loss of three killed. Col.
Fannteroy arrived yesterday from New Mexico.
He reports the Indians quiet in the northern
part of the Territory.
Dr. Birnhiski., the delegate in Congress
from Ltah, has a copper medal found recently
ten feet under the ground in Utah. It in dated
November 22d, 1739, and is commemorative
of the capture of Porto Bello by Admiral Ver
non. On one side is a full figure of the Ad
miral, with the words, " England's glory revived
by Admiral Vernon.'1 On the reverse are
represented six ships of war, with the inscrip
tion, w He took Porto Bello with six ships only."
If it ia remarkable that this medal should be
exhumed in Utah, it is equally so that a grand
son of Admiral Vernon is now a citizen of
Utah. Heimmigrated to this country in March,
1822.?National Intelligencer.
TUB STIC A*** VAiD**?H''r"
In response to u polite invitatiou we paid a
visit to this magnificent steamer the other
evening, in company with others of our pro
fession. It will not be expected that we should
apeak with naval accuracy in respect to the
Vanderbilt, for we are not skilled in such mat
ters. We have seen, however, some ol what
are said to be the best constructed steamers,
and are free to say, that the Vandorbilt, stands
at the head of the beat; she seemed to us to
be perfect in all her appointment*, and is
worthy to rank with the first steamers ol the
age, if indeed, she does not eclipse thorn all.
Commodore Vanderbilt seems to have anived
at perfection in the coubtruction of this noble
ship. His persevering enterprise is worthy of
all praise, for we think he has presented to the
world a most perfect specimen of naval archi
tecture. Wo insert from the New York Courier
and Enquirer, 'a more detailed account of the
groat oceau Steamship \ anderbilt:
"The great ocean steamship Vanderbilt went
down the bay ou Saturday, on what is termed
the Engineer's trip?being to test the engine,
in order that imperfections may be discovered
and remedied, while the ship itself is in an un
finished state. She steamed from Kaat river,
opposite Corlears' Hook, at about 5 p. ni., and
proceeded down into the Lower Bay, opposite
Coney Island, and returned, coming to anchor
off the Battery. She carried from fifteen to
twenty pounds of steam, her wheels making
from 12 to 15 revolutions per minute. A
speed of fourteen or fifteen knots an hour was
attained. The steamship drew seventeen and
a half feet of water, with 550 tons of coal on
board. When loaded she will draw about
twenty feet of water. Such is the power of
the engines that while the vessel was lying at
the wharf it was impossible to give the wheels
more than three revolutions a minute, and of
course the opportunity for detecting slight im
perfections in the engines was not a good one.
Notwithstanding this, it was not found neces
sary to stop them but once, and then only a
minute or two to screw up a key. The im
mense strength of the ship was revealed in the
almost total absence of tremor in any part even
when the full power employed was put upon
the engines. There was a very still" breeze
blowing during the whole trip, but it and the
swell it raised in the lower bay, (with the
power of the engine added,) had little percepti
ble effect upon the ship. All on board, in
cluding a large number adepts of navigation,
expressed themselves delighted on this point.
We have heretofore fully described this shin,
in every department, except the joiner work,
and we merely recapitulate the main points at
this time, reserving to the occasion of her regu
lar trial trip, a more minute description; es
pecially, as in many respects she is yet unfin
ished.
Extreme length 'eel.
Length Hi water line leet.
Ilreadlh ol beam 4'J 'eel.
Depth of hold feet.
Burthen, carpenter'* compulation o,10() Ions.
" t-uMom hou?e, (about) 4.000 iont>.
Weight of hull 2,300 lone.
Beam engines f
Diameter of cylinders incD.
Stroke Of pi-ton _ 1- lecl'
Diameter ol side pipes ' jn1'"
Diameter of shuft men.
Diameter of wheel* 4- f?et.
Length of lace paddles 11 ?
No of tubular boiler* 4
L-i gih of each feel.
Width, do }?' 'eel"
He ght, do
Height of Meant chest# '4 'cel.
Liameier of smoke-pipes U feel.
Estimated horse power ol the engines. 1.'700
Length of dining rooms 10* feet
Width do '?* (*?*??
Height between deeks ^ 'cel.
No. .state rooms
No. berths in each Reside sliding berths i.
Forward dining cabin contains state
rooms f1'
No. of
Forward open cabin coutams berths.. 3J
Leii(itlLcf house on deck ??>S feet.
Width do. do. 30 feet.
Tho Mute-room* are 6 leet long. W feet wide,
and 8 feet high.
The steamship is supplied with eight boats,
capable of carrying on an emergency, five or
six hundred people. She is divided by sixteen
compartments of the most effective description.
The boilers and coal bunkers are hemmed in
by these compartments, which run lengthwise
and across the ship.
. The steamship can stow about 1,400 tons of
coal, and will consume nearly a hundred tons
daily?perhaps fnlly that quantity if driven at
full speed. It is believed that she will make
the trip to Liverpool in nine days. She has two
masts, but no bowsprit
The hull whs built by J. Simonson, at Green
Point. The timber, the fastenings, and the
workmaship are without fault. The engines
are by the Allaire Works, and the same remark
applies. Their position in the ship favors the
minute examination ot them by all. Shaffer s
cut-off is applied to them. The joiner work is
by A. d. Hcuion, and so far as it has progressed,
comports with the perfection by which it is
surrounded. In its style, it is exceedingly chaste
and 'elegant The caulking?an important
branch of ship building?was done by Mr.
Thomas Foulkes.
The officers of the ship are?Commander,
Capt. Peter Le Fevre, late of the North Star;
First Officer. Win. Jewett; Chief Engineer, Wm.
LighthaM; Steward, H. J. Doran. The officers
and crew will number about 102 men.
Hormtn tluahanda.
One of the Mormon women who was in the
company of the late crowd which lino passed
through our town for Salt Lake, we learn, had
n^eaa than four husband*. She is Raid to
have been an intelligent looking individual.
She. contended that women have as good a
right to have a number of huabands, as a man
had to have as many wives as he wished, pro
vided the men were all members of the Mor
mon Church. There is nothing like making
circumstances suit occasions, and these Mor
mons appear to have a peculiar faculty for
such transactions.?Hock Islander.
Flflfrn Hfet+a Out rarlarri.
la the Black Republican anything (says the
Detroit Frtt I\e*s) but a sectional party?the
kind of a party that General Washington and
General Jackson in their farewell addresses
warned the country to avoid, as rocks upon
which the confederacy would split? Ia it any
thing else, either its organization or ita pur
poses? Let us sec. Twelve States were not
represented in the convention that nominated
Fremont. Fifteen States could not, were he
elected, have the slightest sympathy with
his administration, nor take part in the affairs
of the Government. They would be virtually
ostracised. War would hare been made upon
their institutions, and they would have no other
resource than defence.
It is painful to contemplate the then possi
ble ensuing state of things. With a power be
hind the tnrone greater than the throne itaelf,
holding to the doctrine that there ia a higher
law than the constitution, what would constitu
tional giiavnnteees and constitutional barriers
be worth to the South ?
With audacious mockery the Philadelphia
convention retolved that the Union shall be
preserved I Why, the political history of the
chief engineers of that convention is a history
of continuous assault upon the Union and of
persistent denials of the binding obligation of
the constitution.
It will l>e a sorry time on this continent
when an administration shall be borne into
power on the waves of sectional hostility of
one half of the States against the other hall' of
the Statea of the Union.? Washington Union.
Col. Vrciuont'M Aaaialaut*.
lu order that the country may oxactly ap
preciate the tendency of the Abolition move
meul, of which Colonel Fremont is now used
as the instrument, the following (sketch of bis
proposed Administration will furnish a prac
tical idea worthy of reflection:
KKUMONT CAHINKT.
Secretary of Slate-?Joshua K. Oiddinxs.
Secretary of the Treasury?Win, Lloyd Gar
rison.
Secretary of the Interior?f)avid Wilmot.
Secretary of tbe Navy?Wendall Phillips.
Postmaster General?John P. Ilale.
Attorney General?Fred. Douglass.
Chaplain?Henry Ward Beecher.
NKW MKMHKKS.
Spoils master General?Orsemus B. Matte
sen.
First Assistant?N. P. Banks, jr.
Second Assistant?Thurlow Weed.
Third Assistant?Horace Greeley.
Fourth Assistant?Farmer Abel.
Fifth Assistant James, of Wis.
Sixth Assistant?Fitz Henry Warren, with
other illustrious Free Soilers.
FKMALK UKl'AKTMK.NT.
Presiding Angel?Abby Folsoui.
First Assistant?Lucy Stone.
Second Assistant?Harriet Stowe.
MISSIONS.
Africa?Charles Sumner.
Congo Coast?Henry Wilson.
Timbuctoo?Gerrit Smith.
Guinea Region?Lewis Tappan.
Turkey?President New York u Free Love"
Society.
Barbary Slates?Conspicuous Spiritual Hhp
per.
China?Notorious Bloomer.
England?Anthony Burns.
France?James Harlan, of lown.
Spain?Benjamin F. Wade.
Prussia?Charles Durkee.
Holland?Jacolj Collamer.
Russia?Lewis Clephane.
Austria?L. Kossuth.
Belgium?Louis Blanc.
Denmark?Ledru Rollm.
Portugal?A. Mazzini.
Saxony?Schuyler Colfax.
Bavaria?Dan Mace.
Switzerland?Israel Washburn, jr.
Sardinia?C. C. Chaffee.
Tuscany?Mark Tradon.
Japan?Anson Burlingarne.
Sandwich Islands?Aaron H. Cra^in.
Mexico?Charles Billinghurst.
Brazil?Samuel Galloway.
Chilli?Cooper F. Watson.
?Peru?Benjamin Stanton.
Argentine Republic?Edward Wade.
New Grenada?Charles J. Albright.
Hayti?Wm.C. Bryant.
Borneo?H. J. Raymond.
Sweden?Mathias H. Nichols.
Ecuador?Win. A. Howard.
Central America?A. H. Reeder.
Two Sicilies?Gov. Robinson.
Fejee Islands?Col. Heroic Lane.
New Zealand?President Mass. Emigrant
Aid Society.
Greece?C. C. Washburne.
Norway?Wm. n. Kelsey.
The remaining appointments, have not yet
been filled up, by Thurlow Weed, James, of
Wis., and N. P. Banks, jr., who have the Re
publican candidate in keeping. Weed was here
last week, but was so occupied with Matteson,
in the distribution of their proceeds from the
railroad bills recently passed Cougress that he
could not devote himself to further arrangement
of the programme.?N. V. Express.
Let Soul Ix i'ii Men Head.
FACTS FOR THE PEOPLE.
We have taken the trouble to bunt up from
well authenticated public records, tbe facts
which are found below. Wc challenge Know
nothing newapapera of Alabama, todistinctly dis
avow.and successfully refute them. Here they
stand?let Southern men rend:?Florence
Gazette.
It in a fart, That Millard Fillmore, the
Know-nothing candidate for President com
menced his polical career as an anti-Mason,
and in opposition to aU secret societies.
It it a fact, That he favored the reception,
reading and consiilcration by Congress of
abolition petition* on the subject of slavery and
the slave trade.
It is a fad, That he declared himself oppos
ed to the annexation of Texas to the Union,
so tony as slavery exists therein.
It is a fact, That he favored the exercise by
Congress of all its Constitutional power to
abolish the internal slave trade between the
States.
II it a fact, That he favored immediate leg
islation for tbe abolition of slavery in the Di?
trict of Columbia.
// it a fact, That ho entertained doubt# as
to the Constitutionality of the Fugitive Slave
Law, and did not sign it until advised to do no
by his Attorney General.
It xx a fact, That he is opposed to the exer
cise of the veto power, and that he is no where
pledged to veto a bill for the repeal of the Fu
gitive Slave law, or for the abolition of the
slave trade between ihe States, or of slavery in
the District of Colombia. -
It in a fart, That he was nominated by a
Convention, a majority of whose members were
notorious Abolitionists, and that he has ac
cepted and endorsed a platform which de
nounces the repeal of the odious Missouri
restriction, as reckless and unwise.
It it a fart, That he nowhere approved the
Kansas act, and that he is nowhere pledged
against its repeal.
It is a fart, That in 1838, he wrote his fa
mous letter to the Erie Committee, in which
he declared himself in favor of abolishing
slavery in the District of Columbia and in all
the Territories.
It it a fact, That while a member of Con
gress he voted with the Abolitionists, against
the Atherton resolutions, which declared " That
Congress has no right to do that indirectly
which it cannot do directly; and that the agi
tation of slavery in the District of Columbia,
or the Territories, as a means, and with the
view of disturbing or overthrowing that insti
tution in the soveral States, is against the true
spirit and meaning of the Constitution, an in
fringement of the rights of the S'ntes affected
and a breach of the public fait! pon which
they entered into the Confederal. 4
It it a fart, That lit) voted with John Q.
Adatns, in all his efforts to abolish the 21st
rule, which forbid the reference of abolition
petitions.
It it a fart, That he voted in favor of a pro
position of John Q. Adams, to establish diplo
matic relations of the negro government of
Hayti.
It it a fact, That he voted against a propo
sition to forbid tho enlisting of negroes in the
Navy, and prohibiting them from giving
testimony upon court-martials against white
men.
It it a fact, That while President he se
lected the subordinate officers of the Govern*
ment, principally from the Freesoil ranks.
It it a fact, That he would never have signed
the Fugitive Slave Law, had not Henry Clay,
Daniel Webster, and other great conservative
leaders of bis party forced him to do it by their
urgent importunities.
If it a fact, That while President of the
United States, he signed the Washington
foreigners to vote in that Territory, after an
actual residence of two years, with certain
othtr limitations and restrictions, and in op
Territorial
which allows
I position to which Millard Fillmore wau nouii
| nated aud iw now running the Presidential
race.
It is a fact, That Millard Fillmore has been
travelling in Europe for the last eighteen months
during all of which time he has been the feasted
and toasted guest of a people, who, if they were
to seek his country as a home, would have their
liberties under the diaabilitiesofthe law disgrace
and odium of political inequality which he
seeks to establish in our fundamental organ
ization.
IT is A I.HO A PACT,
That we have the pleasure of presenting
another and better, and sounder uud safer
record to the Southern mind.
It is a fact, That JAMES BUCHANAN did
not endorse the Missouri restriction as one of a
Committee at a public meeting in Lancaster,
and that he never saw said resolutions until
ihey were in print.
It is a fact, That he voted for Mr. Calhoun's
resolution declaring that any intermeddling
with the domestic institutions of the States,
wider auy pretext whatever, moral, political or
religious, was subversive of the principles of
the Constitution and tended to destroy the
Union.
It is a fact, That he believed the powers de
legated to Congress should be exercised, not
only not to destroy and weaken the domestic
institutions of the States, but it was a duty so
to use the powers as to strengthen and uphold
those domestic institutions.
It is a fact, That be believed negro slavery
in recognized in the Constitution, and that all
attacks npon it are manifest, violations of the
constitutional compact, and also violative of
the most solemn obligations, moral aud re
ligious.
It is a fact, That he believed the abolition of
slavery in the District of Columbia would be a
violation of the faith implied in the cesnion of
Maryland and Virginia, give just cause of
alarm to the slaveholdiDg States, and tend to
endanger the Union.
It is a fact, That he was in favor of the fu
gitive slave law.
Jt is a J'acl, That he approved of the pas
sage of the Kansas-Nebraska bill and the re
peal of the Missouri restriction, and would
maintain them against any storm which might
be raised to subvert them.
It is a fact, That he recognized no higher
law than the Constitution of the United States,
ami believed in the equality of the States.
It is a fact, That Mr. Buchanan while in
Congress, voted against a transmission of in
surrectionary documents in the mails.
It is a fact, That he voted for the admission
of Arkansas in the Union, which is a slave
State.
It is a fact, That he sustained the annexa
tion of Texas, which also added another slave
State to the Union, and, in fact, upon all sub
jects connected with the subject of slavery
consistently maintained a national conscrva
tive position.
It is a fact, That no northern man who has
been as long in public service and who has
filled almost every important position that in
any way relates to or influences our national
affairs can show half as clear a record to com
meud him to southern support as James Bu
chananau of Pennsylvania.
Prom the Chicago Timet*.
A Reverend Falsliier.
Some time ago we received through the post
office a printed copy of a sermon, delivered by
tbe Rev. J. E. Roy, at the Plymouth Church in
this city. We made some extracts from it at
tbe time, to show the utter recklessness of as
sertion displayed by the reverend gentleman.
With considerable reluctance, we pronounced
some of the statements contained in that ser
mon to be willful falsehoods.
Since that time the sermon of Mr. Roy has
been peddled in the streets, aud offered for sale
at the book stores in Chicago, without any
qualification of the falsehoods, or any retrac
tion of them. The false and deliberate misrep
resentations contained in that sermon, respect
ing Senator Douglas personally, induced him
to address a letter to Mr. Roy stating the facts,
and requesting him to correct the misrepre
sentation. That letter has been received by
Mr. Roy, and that gentleman has had full op
portunity to comply with the request Having
failed to do so, and thus indicated his purpose
not to do an absent opponent justice, we feel
it to be our duty to lay before tbe public a copy
of Senator Douglas's letter to Mr. Roy. That
letter i? as follows:
Washivoto.n, Friday, July 4, 1856.
Sir: I learn from the newspapers that on
Sunday the 1st day of June, in a sermon
preached by you in tbe Plymouth Congrega
tional Church of Chicago, you deemed it your
duty to assail me personally and by name.
Referring to the affray between Mr. Sumner
and Mr. Brooks, you say: "Douglas, of giant
infamv, stood by with his hands in his pocket."
Although I have no personal acquaintance
with you, or knowledge of your character as a
>itisten or a minister of the Gospel, my respect
for your profession and for those Christian
principles which it is your duty to proclaim
and observe, induce me to take it for granted
that you would not knowingly utter an unmiti
gated falsehood in the pulpit on the Sabbath
day, with the intent to injure the character of
a fellow-citizen, and that, having committed
such an act of injustice, you will feel it both a
duty and a pleasure to repair the injury, in the
same place and before the same audieuce where
the injury was done. With the view of ena
bling you to do me and yoorself and tbe cause
of truth the act of justice indicated, I now
state to you that it is not true that I stood by
with my bands in my pockets at the time ; that
I was not in the Senate chamber when the
affray took place ; that I did not witness any
part of the transaction ; that I was engaged in
consultation on public affairs with several Sen
ators and Representatives in another part of
the Capitol at the timer *nd had been so en
gaged for more than an hour previous ; that I
had no knowledge, intimation, or belief that
any such transaction was to take place at that
or any other time; nor had I any knowledge
or reason to believe that either Mr. Somner or
Mr. Brooks was in or near the Capitol at the
time; and when I returned to tne Senate
chamber the affray had been over and quiet
had been restored for some time.
These facts are not only susceptible of proof
by the Senators and Represenatives referred to,
but are so well known to the Senate and to the
whole community here, that no gentleman
would hazard his character for truth and ve
racity by intimating his belief in the truth of
the charge which you, under some strange
misapprehension, hare made against me in
tbe pulpit of a Christian chnrch, on the Sab
bath day.
Yon are also represented as having made
another charge against me, equally unfounded
and untrue, whicn I quote from the newspa
pers, not having seen a copy of the printed
sermon : "This and the Kansas crime reveal a
new step in the policy of slavery; that physi
cal force must and shall be used to carry out
its measures. The instigatorof all this crime,
(Douglas,) a short time since ventnred to
divulge the secret policy, when he declared to
its first victim, 4 We will subdue you, sir,' and
no one knows but this very thing was in his
mind at the time."
In this passage you attribute tome Innguatre
which I never uttered, and a sentiment which
I never conceived or harbored. It is true that
the New York Tr ibune and other unscrupulous
partisan sheets attributed to me several months
ago the same sentiment, but it is also true, and
the official debates of the Senate attest the
fact, that I promptly denied it in open Senay?,
in the presence of Mr. Sumner, ana all others
to whom it was alleged to have beep directed,
and none of them intimated or pretended that
the charge was true. Yet this same charge
which had been thus branded in open Senate
a.~> a base calumny, and admitted to Ijc such bj
the silence of all the Senators to whom it wa?
said to have been directed, is now repeated
after the lapse of several months, in the pulpit
of the Plymouth Cougregational Church ol
Chicago, and made the foundation of a series
of inferences equally unfounded and unjust. 1
have never advised or failed to rebuke a resort
to physical force as a substitute lor truth and
reason in the discusaiou and decision of public
questions.
Whether the Nebrask bill was a crime or a
wise and just measure, is a question which I
have always held myself ready to discuss calmly
and dispassionately on all proper occasions;
and if physical force or mob violence, or any
other improper meuns have beeu used to de
stroy the freedom of speech, either in Chicago
or elswhere, it has not been approved by me
or my friends. I send this letter tj you, in
stead of the newspapers, for the purpose of
giving you an opportunity of doing justice to
me and to the cause of truth, which I trust
you will regard a Christian duty, in ihe same
pulpit where the injury was committed.
1 have the honor to be very respectfully,
your obedient servant.
S. A. IJOUGLAS,
The Rev. .). E. lior, Chicago, 111.
On last Sunday, Mr. Hoy, with this letter in
his possession, and fully aware, we suppose, of
his duty as a Christian to remedy as far as
might 1m> in his power an injury done to another,
officiated in his church, preached to others
their duty as Christians, but uever uttered one
word of justice to the individual whom he had
publicly and basely villified. We leave Mr.
Roy to public opiuiou; before that tribunal
he stands for judgment, and sooiier or later be
will receive that condemnation which mankind
iu all ages have pronounced upon wilful, cow
ardly, hypocritical liars. .We say again, what
we said when speaking of Mr. Roy on a foemer
occasion, that his conduct in abusing the oftice
he holds to slander and villify a fellow citizen,
is calculated more than any other device of
the enemy of man, to bring religion into con
tempt, and reduce its ministers to the condi
tion of public notorious knaves.~
We have read the story aa copied by
the editors of the Post from Harper's Mag a
zinc, and we assure them that it is the grossest
and most baseless fabrication. Both them
selves and the editor of Harper's Magazine
have been imposed upon. There never was a
more unfounded romance. We forbear point
ing out egregious blunders where all is dis- 1
torted and wrong; and have oolv to express
the hope that iu reference to subjects which
are necessarily no part of the public concern,
and the discussion of which canuot by any
possibility affect the existing relations of Mr.
Buchanan to his countrymen, there will be
that manly forbearance which even the most
unscrupulous opponent cannot always overlook.
' [Penney Iranian.
Up for a Monarchy.
There is a paper of considerable respecta- j
bility in point of character, influence, and prob
ably, subscription?published in Boston, and
called the Boston Journal. The tone of this
paper has always been aristocratic. It delec
tates in social distinctions, and, like Byron,
doubtless, could determine a man's position in
society by his foot or his hand. We do not
gainsay the discriminating quality of good
points in a man, or a race-horse. But we
maintain that the excellencies of point are to
be found in the hovel and the palace; in one
the process of development perfects their |
beauty, but iu the other the struggle for life
distorts them. The Boston Journal seems to
hold the other theory, that such excellencies
are peculiar to breed ; and accordingly we find
it at last cherishing the idea that we can
breed a better system of government and better
men to administer it than the people can select
among themselves. The Journal is conmitted
to Fremont, Republicanism of the n. ' sable
dye, and in the end as it appears?mm. irehyl
In a late article it says:
''We are decidedly of opinion that monarchy
and hereditary monarchy is by far the best
form of government that human wisdom has
yet devised for the administration of consider
able nations, and that it will always continue
to be the most perfect which human virtue will
admit of."
We like free speech and a man had better
out with even such a fancy as this than let it
fester in his heart. It is strange, nevertheless,
that American citizens can possibly entertain
such notions. It proves that such of them as
this Boston journalist know nothing of what
they arc talking about, and are uUerly incapa
ble of determining the value of free institutions
or the immeasurable difference between a re
public ami a monarchy.?Baltimore Sun.
From the Maine Democratic Pre*?.
Kcpnjttllcau Humbugs.
The republican leaders and editors are
constantly I'aiping upon what they are pleased
to term the "horrible extension of slavery,"
which has occurred since the organization of
our government. Let us look at the facts.
When our constitution wad adopted the Union
consisted of twelve slave States and one free
State. Now we have fifteen slave States and
sixteen free ones. The advance of freedom has
been an fifteen to three, or five to one, as
compared to slavery. A further fact can be
shown says the Oramel Era, that my- have a less
amount of slave territory?States and all of
course?than we had when the old confederative
government was organized, notwithstanding the
vast increase of our territorial dimensions; and,
in the face of all this, men, pretending to be
honest and intelligent, go around the country
mouthing about the aggressions of slavery,
when they very well know, hut are not honest
enough to admit, that by no act, legislative or
otherwise, on the. jtart of this government, has
slavery been extended to free territory, but, on
the contrary, territory oapuretl as slave has been
made free by art of the people. The relative
dimensions of the slave and free territories,
compared with the period of the adoption of
the constitution, will show an overwhelming
preponderance in favor of the latter.
Bnt further: This increase of slave States is
not attributable to our laws, bnt to the laws of
the countries of which we acquire them. They
were acquired as slave territory. Kansas, Ne
braska, Iowa, Oregon and Washington Terri
tories were all acquired as slave, and they are
all to come in as free States. Utah New Mexico
are to come in free beyond all qnestion, which
will make the comparative increase of free and
slave States as twenty is to three, or more than
seren to one.
With snch truths within the reach and
comprehension of every man in the land,
sbonld not the whining hypocrites who are
seeking office under an assumed opposition to
the agressions of the "slave power," as thej
call it,lie scorned and scouted by every intelli
gent man in the country ? Can impudence go
farther?an impudence based upon the pre
sumptive ignorance of the people?
Another Kevoi.vtioxary Hero Gokr.?
Mr. Denvse I I>enyse, one of the few surviving
heroes of the Revolution, died at his residence
in Fiathush, I* I., on the 20th inst. He was
born in the town of New Utrecht, on the 18th
of October, 1760, and was consequently %
years of ago. He participated in the battles
of Long Island, Trenton, Princeton, and was
present in several other contests. In the war
of 16V2 he received a captain's commission,
and was stationed at Fort Greene. He was
also present at the evacuation of New York
by the British.
-
?? The sailors attached to the steamer
Seranac, recently paid off at Philadelphia, pre
senteJ over one hundred dollars to an invalid
who returned home in that ship. Hi* ship
mates of the Susquehanna, to which vessel he
had l*?en attached, also made a subscription of
five hundred dollars in his behalf.
J
Additional Vorcigu Hihi by Ihc Peril*.
The fourth of July has Ween celebrated with
great spirit in Loudon. Mr. Peabody, Mr.
Dallas und Gen. Cadwallader made speeches.
In Paris, the regency bill wan unanimously
voted by the Senate on the !Hh instant. The
sittiug lasted during the extraordinary jiei iod of
five hours, und some twenty or thirty ft-iialors
made speeches.
A good harvest is expected in Kussia.
I'he disturbances in Spain have been sup
pressed.
A flairs are critical iu Parma. Lord Nor
mandy had gone there from Florence, und al
ready had* several interviews with the Marquis
of Pallaviciuo, Minister of Korean A flairs,
with the Austriau General, Count Crenneville,
and with the Dutchess herself.
The viceroy of Egypt has given to M. Bene
dette, acting as Consul General of Franco at
Cairo, 30,U00f. for the victims by the late inun
dations iu France.
It appears by an extract from the Laugue
docien that the grape disease is very serious iu
a part of the south of France.
Military l>laplayi? lit K. nig In ml.
The Queen reviewed the Crimean regiment*,
ut Aldershot on the 18th instant, u brilliant
company being with her. Immediately in the
front of the line the officers of each regiment,
witli a certain manber of private, selected
from the oldest and moat gallant uieiuof each
regiment, formed in square, front the upper
centre of which her Majesty addressed them in
the following words:
" Officers, non-commissioned officers aud
soldiers: 1 wish personally to convey through
you, to the regiments assembled here this day,
my hearty welcome on your return to England
in health and full efficiency. Say to them that
1 have watched anxiously over the difficulties
and hardships which they have so nobly borne,
that I have mourned with deep sorrow for the
bravo men who have fallen for their country?
and that 1 have felt proud for that valor which,
with their gallant allies, they have displayed on
every field. 1 thank God that your dangers
are over, whilst the glory of your deeds re
main. But 1 know that, should your services
be again required, you will be animated with
the same heroic devotion which in the Crimea
has rendered you invincible."
The Queen spoke from an open carriage.
She was in a riding liubit aud wore a rouud
hat.
Everything about this review was perfect
except the most essential?the weather. Weep
ing skies play sad havoc with line plumage aud
scarlet uniforms, and as Field Marshal Prince
Albert rode about the ground attended by the
Duke of Cambridge and a brilliant staff,
drenched to the skin, the reader of the narrative
cannot avoid arriving in his mind at the con
clusion that this " playing at soldiers'* under
circumstances so unfavorable and without any
nececessity, was a little ridiculous. In gal
lantry to the sex of the British sovereigns, a
close carriage was provided, which protected
her from the inclemency of the weather; but
when the rain for a short lime ceased to patter,
she stood up bravely in the vehicle?now
thrown open?and addressed the soldiers pres
ent in a speech a la Napoleon.
The entry of the Guards into London, on
the 9th, waa a grand affair, aud drew an im
mense crowd into the streets to witness it.
The Queen welcomed them from the balcony
of Buckingham l'alace. Afterwards t^e re
viewed them in Hyde Park.
'l'lie Palmerston Aduilnlatrailoii.
London, Saturday, July T2. The Palmer
ston administration have recovered from their
defeat of yesterday morning, aud the head of
that Cabinet ?till retains his position as the
leader of the House of Commous. Nor need
we add that Government, throughout the whole
of yesterday, never contemplated the necessity
of resignation so long as their defeated bill was
supported by Lord Derby and the member for
Bucks. We know the names of ministers, how
ever who would have thrown up office at once
in the face of a humiliation so complete, for
the bill which the Commons refused to sanc
tion was a Cabinet measure, and one of such a
serious kind as to invoh'e a change in the con
stitution of Parliament aud the prerogative of
the Sovereign.
Kl'SMIA.
St Pktkrhhi'Hu, July 9. Aii imperial uka?e
extends the amnesty accorded to the refugees
of the western governments of Russia, to indi
viduals who took part in the events of 1830
and 1631. No judicial proceedings can be insti
tuted against them- They will have merely to
take an oath of fidelity to the sovereign, and
their rights will be restored to them. They
will be considered capable of holding govern
ment employment after three years' good con
duct.
SPAIN.
Maprm?, July !>. The return of M. Kscosura,
Minister of the Interior, who is now at Vallado
lid, is postponed to the end of the week. Seve
ral workmen have been arrested. The cholera
is not spreading beyond Seville.
Visit of a Si.ave to thk North.?Messrs.
Rowlnnd & Bros., of Norfolk, Va., own a slave,
James Willey, whom they permittecl some
months since to make a trip to the North to
see (he curiosities. Th?y not only gave him a
permit to tuke pas-age in the New York
steamer from Norfolk, bat also pave him the
necessary funds to liear his expenses, lie
visited Falmouth, Kail River, New Bedford,
find sundry other abolition towns in Massachu
setts, and on Saturday last returned home, via
Philadelphia and Baltimore. The Norfolk
Ari/tiJt says:
When Jim (for this is his familiar name,)
was in New Bedford lie met several fugitives
whom lie recognized as former slaves in Nor
folk. They supposing he had runaway, re
ceived him with down cast looks, and assured
him that he had come to the wrong place, and
remarking that they were "makiug out" very
poorly, having to lalior very hard, and get but
poorly paid in return ; they expressed great
dissatisfaction at the treatment they received
at the hands of their abolition friends. Jim
told thern that he had not runaway, that
he was only on a vist, and would return to
Norfolk in a few days. At several of these
towns in Massachusetts he was importuned by
the Abolitionists to remain, assuring him that
he wis then a free man ; he declined their
kind offers, and assured them that such free
dom a* a black man enjoyed with them had no
charms for him?he vastly preferred the slavery
of Norfolk, accompanied with an abundance of
the nec?ntsities, aye, the comforts of life as he
enjoyed them at home, to all the freedom that
Massachusetts could tender him.
Agr Among the devices at the Democratic
meeting at Indianapolis, was one of Fremont
! in brotherly embrace with a darkey; another
represented a white man and a little saucy
looking negro. The latter was supposed to
say: " I s'pose a white man just as good as a
former responds in Hooaier parlance, " Con
upo* the Republican platform, tearing the
Constitution into shreds, and a crowd of Abo
litionists standing by applauding, with " That's
right friend!" "(Jo it, brother!'' and other
similar encouraging exclamations. A third of
a K. N. of '54, who says, "Twenty-one years
and nothing shorter, ye red-necked Irish and
lop eared Dutch!" and another of '56, who, in
an insinuating tone of voice is supposed to say,
" Intelligent Germans and rich-hrogued Irish,
come you and vote with us."' On one of the
transparencies were these words: "The Black
Republican Platform?Down with the white
man?up with the nigger!" On another was
inscribed, "The great question is, Shall the
Union be preserved?" On a third, was ths
' phrase ascrilied to Beecher, " Sharpe's rifles
are better than Bibles^"
ooivg n Mtmm.
In the Sknatk. on the 24th iu?tant, the bill 10
authorize protection to be given to citizens of the
United State* who may discover depositee of
guano wait passed.
The Sen <le likewise pa?sed a bill for continuing
the improvement of the harbor ol' Milwaukie,
Wisconsin, and a lull for the construction <?( a
harbor ni the mouth of Kalamnroi river, Micbi
gan.
In ink HoL'sk ok H KPBK?'NrA nvil, on I be 24th
instant. Mi WAMihi xsK, of Mnioe, from th<? Com
luilit-e of Klectious, reported a resolution ''thai
John W. Whittield is not entitled to a seat in this
Hou?e n? a delegate Iroin the Territory of Kan
*ns; and another "Thai Andrew H H-eder be
udinit'ed to a sent on thin tloor ns a delegate from
the Territory of Kansas."
During th-* debate on the t my Appropriation
bill. Mr. Barboi'k moved o intend (he item ap
propriating &3.275.170 for the pay of the army by
adding thereto lite following :
" Hut Congress hereby disapproving of the roi'e
of alleged laws olii tally Communicated to them
by the President, slid which are represented to
have been enucted by a body claiming to be the
Territorial Legislature of Kansas ; and also dis
approving of the ni.tuuer in which the alleged
laws have been enforced by the authorities of said
Territory, expressly declare that until theae alle^d
Ihws shall have been allirined by the Senate and
House of Representative* as having been enacted
by a legal Legislature, chosen in conformity with
the organic law, by the people of Kansas, no part
of the militnry force of the United Slates shall be
employed in aid of their enforcement; nor shall
my citizen of Kansas be required, under these
provisions, to act as a part of the pot u count at m
of any officer acting as marshal or sheriff in said
Territory." This was afterward# amended so as
to declare all the laws of the Territory null and
void. And this was agreed to?ayes 72, noes 57.
A vote, however, Iih< yet lo be taken upon ibis in
the Ilouse.
Motli branches of Congres* were, y. ?l-rday, en
gaged in the consideration of private bills; the
Senate passed six of that character, and o.ie pro
viding for the compulsory prepayment of postage
on all transient printed matter. An adjouruniei t
until Monday took place.
In the House ok Rki-ksskntatives, twenty
private bills were passed, including the Senate
b II for the relief of ' the widows and orphans of
the officers, seainen, and marines of the United
StHies sloop of war Albany, and the brig Porpoise.
A recess until ihe evening look place, in ordt r
merely to enable gentlemen to make speeches.
E7" Buchanan. and Breckinridge Club.?
The regular meetings of this Club will be held at
their Koom on the corner ol 13th street and Pa.
avenue, on Friday evening of each week, at 9
o'clock.
Members of the Club are expected to l?e punc
tual in ihcir attendance.
J. W. IRWIN, Cor. Sec.
BUC1IINAS.? Life and Public Services of'
Jnmes lluchau.in. including the most nn|>or
taut of bis Stale Papers. By K. G. Horlon, with
an accurate portrait on steel, $1.
.lust published, and tor sale, nt
TAYLOR iV MAURY'S,
july 20 Bookstore, near Uth st.
MlDULGTON'S ICK.
One price and lull supply guMiautled
^ubiHiriM. hiving succeeded in tilling
I nil hi? iiousr- with lei- of a very superior
quulity, aud having tiie ioo?t extensive facilities
(or conducting the trade, i? now fully prepared to
in ike contracts tor Hit* viimiiii|f M-a?on, and feels
coiitidcnt llial (lie interest cl cou-uiuer* will be
advanced by giving it their attention.
Persons in any part of Warhingtoui will be
supplied punctually according to contract, either
for the season, (viz: from 1st May to 1st October,
or lor the eulire year.
To avoid mistakes and trouble in irttlim ac
count.-', contracts should be made, if possible, with
the proprietor, and not led entirely with servants
and tho-e delivering the Ice.
Ticket* if iired at all must be paid for on delivery
unless otherwise arranged.
Customer* leaving the city for more ihttn ten
days at a tune, by giving notice at the office, will
be entitled to a proper deduction; without such
notice no deduction will be made.
Notice of change ot residence, if given at the
office. will prevent disappointment.
Complaints against drivers for neglect, careless
ness, or any other cause, should be made at the
office.
Ice kept constantly on hand at the oiTn-e, and
can be had hi larg ? or small i|uantitie?.
Orders can be left at the following places or
sent through the Post Office:
Nairn dr Pai.mkr. I'euu. avenue and h street.
'/. D. Gii.man, Penn avenue, between 6th and
7th streets.
\V. II. Gii.man, Pennsylvania avenue and 4|
street. ?
Dr. T.C. McIndrk, 7th and I streets.
Fori>& Bro., Penn. avenue and 11th street.
KIDOLKY'S, Sr'Ven Buildings.
'A. M. P. K corner IT)} and I streets.
H. H. MlPiikrson Capitol (Ml.
L. K. H01.Mr.At>, Maryland avenue and 7th
street.
F. S. Wauh, Navy Yard.
Dyson, corner of Penn. avenue ic 12th
street.
L.J M1DDLETON,
Office and Depot sou: iiwest cor K and 12th streets.
\ | UMHHH* OK CONGKBMM aud Vial.
ill lors to Washinuton are respectfully informed
that hi TAYLOR \ MAI KV.S Book and Sta
tionery Store, near Ninth stieet, 4hey will meet
all their requirement*. Their extensive stock, in
addition to the following important works, com
prises every department of Liteimure, Science,
aud Art.
New l>ookn leceived immediately on publica
tion.
Weekly importation* from England
Calhoun s Works, ?> vol*.
Jefferson'* Works, V vol*.
Webster's Works, f* vols., autograph edittoa.
Kverett's Orations aud Speeches, 2 vols.
Clay's Private Correa|?ondence, 1 vol.
S. ?. Prentiss's Memoirs, 2 vola.
Bancroft's History of the United State*,6 vola
Statesman's Manoal, 4 vols.
Ilickey's Constitution, 1 vol
Jefferson's Manual, 1 vol.
The Constitution of the United States, 1 vol.
Elliot's Debates and Madison Papers, & vols
Marsh's Orators and Statesmen, 1 vol
Story's Works, 3 vola.
Lives of Chief Justices of the United Stales,
1 vol.
Lieber's Civil Liberty and Self (.Jovernmentl
2 vols.
Wirt's Life of Patrick Henry, I vol.
Kennedy's Life of Wirt, ^ vols.
Garland's Life of John Randolph, I vol.
Party lender's, by Baldwin. 1 vol.
De Tocqueville's Democracy in America I
vol.
The Fedeialiat, 1 vol.
tJrunke's Nature and Tendency o Free Insli
tut ions, I vol.
Constitutional Text-Book, 1 vol.
Carey's Past, Present, snd Future, 1 vol.
Seaman's Progress of Nations, 1 vol.
McElligoit's American Debater. 1 vol.
Future Wealth of America, 1 vol.
Smith's Wealth of Nations, 1 vol.
Every description of American, Euglish, aud
French stationery of the finest qualities, at the
lowest prices.
Visiting Cards engraved and printed with the
greatest promptitude.
TAYLOR tV MAURY'S,
LAW NOTICE.
I *11A 1.1. hereafter have an office perma
nently in Washington for the practice of my
I profession, ami will give careful attention to any
business entrusted to my charge in the Supreme
Court, the Court of Claims, in ths Land, Patent,
or Pension, offices, or in any of the Departments.
Business from the Southwest may be sent to
me through V. II. Ivy, Attorneys! Law, New Or
leans, who has been associated with me in the
practice in that city, and who will continue to at
tend to any business there which may he placed
111 my charge.
J. D. B DE BOW,
l<ale Superintendent oI Census.
Washington, D. C , April 20, 1355.
Apr 21?law I m

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