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Washington sentinel. (City of Washington [D.C.]) 1853-1856, August 02, 1856, Image 3

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TUe Abolition 8tate Ticket aud tfce Flll
uiore Leaden,
Mr. Fillmore tells us that the Fremont party
labors to accomplish disunion. This is the
aubs'ance and superstructure of all Ins late
speeches. Aud at this demonstration the * ill
more press aud the Fillmore leader# of th?
South shout in ecstacv, while their friends aud
followers in the Free States re echo their accla
mations. The ex-President is right. _ 's
Albany speech was a bold blow in the rign
direction. But it is eaaj to deal in words.
We care nothing for Mr. Fillmore s counsels ll
his friends do not follow them ; and we aver
that they do not do so iu this State at (he pres
ent moment. Let us present the case exactly
as it stands; and we earnestly invite the atten
tion of the Southern people, especially those
who flatter themselves that there is another
party in the Free States houesily bound to con
slit utioual doctrines?to the dishonoring spec
taCAu election for State oflicers, and for the
State Legislature, and members of Congress,
will take place in Pennsylvania on the second
Tuesday of October next. The Democrats
nominated a full State ticket in March; laid
down a strict and. stern platform; met every
issue without hesitation; and grappled all
sorts of sectionalism and fanaticisms without
gloves. The unanimity with which aO this was
begun and consummated, attracted geueral at
tention. No name was placed upon the ticket
uomiuated by the Democratic State Conven
tion that was not as sound as the resolutions
themselves. So much for the Democratic
party. How was it with the opposition? lhey,
too. assembled in State Convention, and placed
their ticket in nomination. Observe the com
position of that convention- It was composed
of Abolitionists and Know-nothings exclusively.
Such disunionists as Wilmot and Jessup con
trolled it from first to last. An invitation was
extended to the Old Line Whigs to take part
in this Convention.
But it was scouted and scorned. Not a
single Old Line Whig meeting was held in the
State to choose delegates to this Abolition and
Know-nothing body. The result ot this Con
wention was, that a ticket composed ot full
blooded Abolitionists was placed in nomina
tion. T. E. Cochran, of York, B. Laporte, of
" Bradford, and Darwin Phelps, of Armstrong,
were put upon this fusion ticket, lbe first is
kuown for his violent and unscrupulous oppo
sition to the constitutional rights of the South;
the second is Wilmot's own immediate repre
sentative, and like Wilmot, a traitor from the
Democratic ranks, because ot the adherence
of the Democracy to the principles of the Con
stitution ; and the last is well known in West
ern Pennsylvania us one of the most offensive
members of the Abolition and Kuow-nothmg
party. Both Laporte and Phelps were mem
ber* of the last Legislature, and both distin
"uiahed themselves in that body for their ex
treme and bitter support of the whole Abolition
programme. The ticket, as it stands, is an out
and out Fremont, Stevens, Johnston, and Wil
mot ticket, committed to all the intamies ot the
Black Republican^ and, as a consequence,
pledged to the idea of dissolviug the American
Union?the great basis and foundation of the
sectional movement organized to elect John C.
Fremont to the Presidency. ^
Such are the relative positions of the Demo
cratic and Fusion parties in Pennsylvania.
Up to this moment no single step has been
taken by the opponents of Fremont known as
the supporters of Millard Fillmore, to nominate
u Fillmore State ticket; and, if such a ticket
should be fixed upon, it will be settled only to
be withdrawn in favor of the Abolition ticket.
Mark the prophecy! , , . _ 7
The object of the Fillmore leaders in rennsyl
vania is to assist the Abolitionists to elect their
State ticket in October, so as to claim a victory
over the Democracy. To establish this fact,
there is at hand abundant proof. We have yet to
see any objection made to the State ticket by
the Fillmore press. On the contrary, in many
of the counties, the Fillmore leaders are now
en traced in making such an arrangement as will
give them the county offices, or the members of
the Legislature, or the candidate for Congress,
in return for their votes for the State ticket ot
the Abolitionists. And the latter do not hesi
tate to exult iu the prospect of electing their
Abolition ticket, with the aid of those who rally
round a candidate for President pledged against
Fremont as a man who is in the hands of the
Constitution and the Union.
How far the true friends ot Mr. Fillmore
among the people will sanction this dishonor
able plot, the future alone can show.
There have been so many of these corrupt
combinations in Pennsylvania since the Aboli
tionists and Know-nothings have usurped and
driven out the Old Line Whigs, that it will be
' hard work for a few corrupt men to try over the
Ntime game, in a more profligate manner and
with more unblushing effrontery than hereto
fore There was intense mortification among
the Whigs after each of these plots had been
carried into effect; and thousands have sworn
never again to lie made the sport of the gam
blers that rule in the opposition ranks. I hey
have seen that such demagogues as Johnston,
Wilmot, and Stevens, have regarded them as so
many chattels, to be used as circumstance and
convenience may suggest; and we can hardly
suppose that now, with their eyes open to this
new effort making to betray them, and to de
grade them, they will tamely and uncomplain
ingly submit to another humiliation and out
r age.
Meanwhile, wa invite the friends of Fillmore
in the southern States to the impending bargain
between the Freinotit Abolitionists and the pre
tended advocates of Fillmore in Pennsylvania.
They will find in this spetacle abundant food
for reflection and shame. Let them well observe
the course of events. Let them notice the
efforts of their own leading coadjutors in this
State; and they will be able to estimate the
difference between men who profes" national
doctrines only to betray them,and who denounce
Abolitionism only to hide their attempts to
assist it into power.?Pennsylvanian.
A Fredom Ihrltktr "Sold."
Our readers will recollect an account pub
lished some time since of a stirring appeal
mhdf by Henry Ward Beecher, in his own
cbwch, on Sunday, in behalf of a young slave
girl from the South, and called upon his audi
ence to raise one thousand two hundred dollars
to enable Sarah to purchase her freedom. So
affecting was the appeal that ladies who had
no money with tbem took off their rings and
bracelets and threw them upon the plate. The
required sum was raised, and the girl was
Eetted and feasted by the church, until her
abits became more than suspicious, and ap
Carances grew stronger every day that she
d become decidedly bad. Lately the girl
was missing, together with certain goods and
chattels belonging to her friends, and a corres
pondent of the New York News writes that
paper that Mr. Beecher has recently received
information from her late owner that Sarah,
tired of the dull life imposed upon her in the
neighborhood of her Abolition associates, had
returned to him, was qnite happy, and was
getting along "as well as could be expected"
under the circumstances. She had raised for
her master the one thousand two hundred dol
lars, and he had saved his credit and his slave
at the same time. A good speculation for him,
but it ?usf be rather a sore subject for those
ladies of Beecher's congregation, whose di?.
monds so readily dropped at his M shriek" for
the freedom of ao abandoned slave.?Rochester
The Trplt Brave.?That man only ia truly
brave who fears nothing so much as commit
ting a mean action, and undauntedly fulfils his
duty, whatever the danger which impede his
A Policeman remarks: " It seems to me that
with many young men, the roost approved
method of vioding up the night, is reeling it
Hon. J. u. Brtfht'i L?lt?r,
To the great Democratic mass meeting at Indian
apolis on the 17th July,
Washinotcn, July 12,1856.
Dear sir: I have seeu Senator*Cam, Doug
las, and Browu, and Representative Cobb, of
Georgia, aod agreeably to your request, have
invited them iu behalf of the "State Central
Committee" to attend the mass meeting of our
friends at Indianapolis on the 17th inataut. Mr.
Cobb has assured me that be would be present,
but the other gentlemen feel that they cannot,
consistently with their pressing duties here, be
abseut for the length of time such a visit Would
necessarily require, and they beg to be excused.
For myself, nothing would afford me more plea
sure than to unite on the occasion with the
democracy of our State in ratifying the nomi
nations. of that experienced and profound states
man, James Buchanan, fur President, and the
equally worthy and gifted young son of Ken
tucky, John C. Breckinridge, for Vice Presi
dent, but my official engagements here are of
such a character as to forbid my leaving at this
I avail myself, however, of the opportunity to
say to you, and to the mass gathering of our
friends, aud to my constituents generally, that
so soon as my duties here will permit, I shall
hasten home with the intention of visiting as
many counties as time will allow, and holding
converse with the people, face to face, on the
absorbing questions of the day. If there ever
was a time when the constituent and his rep
resentative should be brought close together to
commune with each other freely,itis the present.
The systematic effort that is being made to
array one section of our country against another
upon a purely local question, and to inflame the
worst passions of men by misrepresentations
and falsehood, is calculated to alarm those who
love the Union and desire its perpetuity. Against
the dangers of sectionalism we were early
warned by the Father of his Country; yet the
tendency of the public mind for the past few
years, led on by men sometimes designing, and
always fanatical, has been toward that result,
until now we see, for the first time in the
history of our couutry, a formidable sectional
party, presenting sectional candidates for the
highest offices iu the nation's gift, and basing
their claims to election upon purely sectional
grounds. It is appalling to contemplate the
consequences which must result from the success
of such a party; for it can end in nothing less
thar the Jismemberment of that glorious Union
?the work of our revolutionary patriots?the
bequest of our revolutionary sires?to which
we are indebted for our security at home and
our consideration and dignity abroad.
The Union had its origin in the wants and
necessities of the whole people and of the
several States, and every year of its existence
has afforded fresh proofs of its utility and its
blessings. Under its benign influences, agri
culture, commerce?every industrial pursuit?
have flourished in an unparalleled degree ; and
we have grown, iu the short period of three
quarters of a century, from an inconsiderable
power to be one of the mightiest nations of the
world. One might well pause to consider
whether it would be wise to throw all these
advantages away for the very illusory, unsub
stantial gains which sectionalism will furnish.
For myself, " I have not," in the language of
the immortal Webster, " coolly weighed the
chances of preserving liberty when the bonds
that unite us together shall be broken asunder.
I have not accustomed myself to haug over
the precipice of disunion to see whether, with
my short sight, I can fathom the depth of the
abyss below ; nor could I regard him as a safe
counsellor in the affairs of this Government
whose thoughts should be mainly bent on con
sidering, not how the Union should be best
preserved, but how tolerable might be the
condition of the people when it shall be broken
up, and destroyed. While the Union lasts we
have high, exciting, gratifying prospects spread
out before us, for us and our children. Be
yond that I seek not to penetrate the veil.
God grant in my day, at least, that curtain
may not rise. God grant that on my vision
never may be opened what lies behind. When
my eyes shall be turned to behold, for the last
time, the sun in heaven, may I not see him
shining on the broken and dishonored frag
ments of a ouce glorious Union?on States
dissevered, discordant, belligerent?on a laud
rent with civil feuds, or drenched, it may be,
in fraternal blood. Let their last feeble and
lingering glance rather behold the gorgeous
etiBign of the republic, now known and honored
throughout the earth, still full high advanced,
its arms and trophies Htreaming in their origi
nal lustre, not a stripe erased or polluted, nor
a single star obscured, bearing for its motto
no such miserable interrogatories as " What is
all this worth t nor those other words of de
lusion and folly, Liberty Jirst and Union af
terwards; but everywhere, spread all over in
characters of living light, blazing on all its
ample folds as they float over the sea and over
the land, and in every wind under the whole
heavens, that other sentiment, dear to every
American heart, Libertv and Union, now
A firm believer in man's capacity for self
government, I will not allow myself toauppoae
that the people of Indiana, hitherto devoted to
the Union, will become so blind and led away
by passion and prejudice, as to be willing to
hazard the stability of a government that has
afforded them so much of aecurity and pros
perity, for the sake of removing a supposed
evil that exists without their boraers, and with
which, politically, they have no.concernment.
I will rather believe that they will adopt and
adhere to those true principles?-on which
alone can thia community of States be lasting
?that the people of each tftate and Territory
ahall be left free to .regulate their own domes
tic concerns in their own wav, subject only to
the Constitution of the United States. In this
way, each community attending to its own
affairs and leaving others to do the same, we
may look forward with confidence to long years
of continued growth in everything that makes
a nation prosperous, happy, and great. But
if, instead of this, each community shall under
take to decide, not only what is for its own
good, but what ia for ita neighbora also, then,
indeed, shall " we have fallen upon evil times,"
and the days of the Union may be aaid to 1m
already numbered.
I have not the time now to elaborate these
views, but if I shall have the pleasure of meet
ing my fellow-citizens through the summer I
will attempt it then.
Mr. Buchanan is eminently a national man,
of great ability And enlarged experience, and
his past record furnishes a sufficient guarantee
that the government in his hands will be ably
and faithfully administered, not opon sectional
but upon national grounds. If elected, be will
be the President of the whole Union, not of a
part of it. Colonel Fremont has no political
antecedents, and we all know that he is the
chosen candidate of a miserable, sectional,
" higher-law" party, that sets at defiance all
constitutional obligations, when they conflict
with their perverted notions of political mo
J feel great soycitude that in this contest the
voice of Indiana should be heard above the
battle's wreck, proclaiming her devotion to the
Union and the Constitution. Nor am I willing
to believe that she will maintain any other po
sition. I will not doubt that Indiana?the
Democratic young giant of the Northwest?
will put forth her united strength to preserve
the integrity of our common government.
Only let her national, Constitution, and
Union-loving people understand the true issue
?the living issue?involved in this election,
and from every city, town, and hamlet through
out the length and breadth of the State they
will rise in their majesty to protect the free in
stitutions our fathers made, and to btfry in
merited oblivion the fanaticism and trea#on
that would rob us of such a priceless Jnheri
Very respectfully and truly yours,
Gordon Tanker, Esq., Sec., Ac.
Chars* It up?* (h?n, Democrat* I
Do not let our adreraaries drive us into a
defensive attitude. We have the right with us,
aud we have the memories of the Past to cheer
us, and the Hope of the Future to spur us ou
in the good work. We should attack the ene
my in his strongholds. We should track him
to his midnight lair. We should strip the
robes of false purity from his recreant limbs.
Charge upon them, Democrats, that they
have started candidates for President and Vice
President, who are to be elected, if at all, by a
sectional vote, aud for whom no Southern man
can vote without personal dishonor and politi
cal suicide.
Charge upon them, that they violate daily
and deliberately, the solemu warning of Wash
ington, who, in his Farewell Address, admon
ished his countrymen to beware of sectional
and geographical parties.
Charge upon them, that the leaders of the
Fremont party are in nearly every instance the
avowed advocates of adissolution of the Ameri
can Union.
Charge upon them, that they assail and tra
duce our feUow-couutrymen of the South more
than they could assail and traduce the vilest
despotism on the globe.
Charge upon them, that they selected Fre
mont as a candidate, first because he would
prove to be their passive instrument in the
work of disuuion, and next because he was
supposed to have grown enormously rich by
his speculations.
Charge upon them, that they are presenting
to the Northern States, as an inducement to
secure votes for Fremont, by speeches and
editorials, in maps and in pictures, the advan
tages that would result from the dissolution of
t/ie Union to Northern prosperity, aud comfort,
and religion.
Charge upon them, that their open cham
pionship of disunion doctrines, directly follows
from the infamous example of the Hartford
Convention in 1814-'15, and like that dark
plot, is most earnestly sustained by Great
Charge upon them, that the British press
hails the Fremont nomination, and the agita
tion that led to it, as the certain steps to a
dissolution of the Union.
Charge upon them, that not satisfied with the
overthrow of our civil rights and liberties, they
have prepared mankind for that dread catas
trophe by sowing the seeds of discord in the
Christian Church.
Charge upon them that they expect to carry
this etection with money. They nominated
Fremont for his wealth. Seward says there is
plenty of money to be had to ignore and violate
the Constitution, in his speech at Albany, ou
the 12th of October; and Francis P. Blair
says, the Missouri Compromise will be restor
ed if Fremont is elected, by buying up the
Senators of the United States with the patron
age of the General Government.
Charge upon them, that this Union cannot
stand if the North, as they propose, shall ex
ercise the government to oppress and outrage
the South.
Charge upon them, that they have invoked
force to their aid in the event of failing to elect
Fremont by a sectional vote. See Webb's
speech at the Black Republican Convention ;
Gidding's threats in Congress; the infidel
columns of the Boston Liberator; aud the ser
mon of Rev. H. Ward Beecher.
Charge upon them, that their love for the
black is so intense, that while they degrade
and disfranchise a white man because he was
born, like Lafayette, in a foreign land, they
would elevate Fred. Douglas and his school to
social and political equality with our fellow
countrymen, becanse they are negroes.
Charge upon them, that until they invoked
the twin fiends of Know-nothingism and Aboli
tion, Christian Churches were peaceful and
pious assemblages, but now too many are torn
with dissensions and presided over by political
Charge upon them, that while blaming Mr.
Brooks for his attack upon Sumner, they never
blame Fremont for his attack upon Foote, in
both cases the offence given haviug been dur
ing a debate in the Senate.
Charge upon them, that while bowling over
the disturbances in Kansas, they never con
deinn the murders in our great cities, by Know
nothing rowdies, of inoffensive and deserving
adopted citizens.
Charge upon them, that they have reviled
the Missouri Compromise for nearly forty years,
and now demand that it shall be restored after
it has been repealed.
Charge upon them, that they have selected
a candidate for President who has neither the
character, the capacity, the experience, nor
the integrity, to preside over the affairs of the
Charge upon them, that in their war upon
the Southern States, they refuse to hesitate,
because their schemes must end in a civil and
servile war, and laugh at the certain catastro
phe of three millions of suddenly liberated
slaves being poured down upon the North.
Charge upon them, that they denounce and
contemn the decisions of the highest tribunal
in the land, and openly traduce the venerable
jurists who compose our United States Supreme
Court. ?
Charge upon them, that while they ask the
voUs of the adopted citizen, they prepare the
statute that is to deprive him of his rights;
that while they say they are *not against the
Catholics, their own candidate swears he is not
a Catholic, as if to be so were a crime ; and
that one of the Conventions which nominated
Fremont affected to repudiate Know-nothing
ism, while the other, which nominated him,
made Know-nothingism its chief corner-stone.
Wanted?To Pror# that th? Montgomery
Mall la unworthy of Credence.
Major Proposition.?A political newspaper
that flatly contradicts itself in regard to impor
tant questions of Presidential candidates dur
ing a canvass, is unworthy of confidence.
Minor Proposition.?The Montgomery Mail
of 21st February, 1856, contains the following
language in reference to Mr. Fillmore, the
Know-nothing nominee for the Presidency:
41 But he (Mr. Fillmore) it not the man for
the timet?he will hevkr itand oh ocr plat
u Stockton of New Jersey, would be far more
acceptable to ike people aj the South, than Mr.
Fillmore. We have strong reasons for believ
ing that Mr. Fillmore is not opposed to the
principle of Squatter Sovereignty. There is no
need to seek out a man doubtful on this im
portant point."
"We regard the effort to connect the name
of Mr. Fillmore with the American nomination
as most unfortunate. While we concede to
him all that bis partisan* demand, we tell them
that he cannot, in the South, command even
the present strength of the American party,"
"Mr. Fillmore would be as obnogiou*, for
instance, as Pierce, to all that class which look
to the spread of our institutions Southward."
"We trust that oar brethren of the Ameri
can press will look these things directly in the
face, and ask themselves if (he American par
ty can afford to lose the vigor of Young Ameri
canism, as well as that numerous class of mem
bers whose devotion to State rights alloics no
enthusiasm for the name of Fillmore."
Now, in the issue for 20th March, 1856, Just
a month afterwards, the same paper makes
this broad assertion about the same candidate,
which is a flat contradiction of the position as
sumed in February:
"The man that says that Millard Fillmore
I p pot a safe man for the South, on the slavery
question, says what he (Hoes not believe himself
' and that which no wan, woman or child souih
of Mason and Dixon's line believes."
Conclusion?Therefore, the Montgomery
Mail, the central organ of the Know nothing
Fillmore parly, in Alabama, is unworthy of ere
I dence.
We specially commend the foregoing syllog
ism to the editors of the Mail, who proved
that "every goat has three tails." We com
mend it also to the readers of the Mail, and all
others who are disposed to believe or bet on
any assertion of that paper. There are some
in this community who would to day be better
?off if they had never read the Mail, or confided
in the statements of that unscrupulous sheet.
Three cheers for the "Three Tails" editor
of the central organ 1 B.
From the Pennsylvaniau.
New Governor of Kansas.
The President has appointed Col. John W.
Geary, of Pennsylvania, to be Governor of Kan
sas in the place of Shannon, removed. This
appointment is a most excellent one, and will
give general satisfaction throughout the coun
try, particularly in Pennsylvania, where Col.
Geary is well known and highly esteemed by
troops of friends. He ia a high-minded, hono
rable man, and who will bring to his new du
ties a desire to secure equal and exact justice
to all the citizens of the new territory, to pro
mote order and tranquility, to perform effi
ciently and lairly all the trusts committed to
his charge. He possesses administrative ability
of the highest order, and has been admirably
trained for his new duties by his extended ex
perience as a Colonel in the Mexican war, as
Alcalde, and subsequently first Mayor of 8an
Francisco, and in other capacities.
A correspondent sends us the following in
teresting sketch of Col. Geary's life:
Col. John W. Geary.
Messrs. Editors:?I see by this morning's
telegraphic despatch that Col. J. W. Geary 1ms
been appointed to succeed Gov. Shannon in
the Governorship of Kansas.
A slight sketch of his life from one who has
known him intimately for the last twenty years
may not be uninteresting or amiss at this timel
He was born in Salem, Westmoreland coun
ty, Pennsylvania, and passed the first twenty
years of his life there beneath his parents'
j roof, assisting his father, like a dutiful son, to
provide for the wants of the family.
He received nothing more than a common
school education, but by severe application he
fitted himself for the duties of a teacher, which
profession he followed for several winters in
his native county, generously devoting his
whole earnings to the support of his aged pa
He never was a civil engineer, as the de
spatch states. He has always been a staunch
Democrat, and under a former administration
held an office on the Portage Railroad on the
Alleghany Mountains.
I his office he held when the war with Mexi
co broke out. He was captain of a fine mili
tary company on the "Summit," and wheB the
call was made for a second regiment of volun
teers from Pennsylvania, he and his company
immediately offered their services, which were
instantly accepted. The , rendezvous of the
regiment was at Pittsburg, where Geary imme
diately repaired with his men. Here an elec
tion was held for officers, and he was elected
Lieutenant Colonel of the regiment. Here
appears to have been the commencement of
his good fortune, which has never yet deserted
I neglected to mention, that a year or two
before, be married a beautiful and amiable lady
of his native town: but leaving her and sacri
ficing friends, and the comforts of Aome, he
nobly left his native land to fight the battles of
his country.
He landed at Vera Crux r.?n| wan engaged
in its bombardment. He was detained in this
vicinity for some time with the regiment, mauy
of whom were ill and dying in the hospital?
among these he moved self-sacrificingly?
ministering to their wants, and cheering the
poor fellows with words of comfort. He after
wards rejoined General Scott, and participated
in several of the brilliant victories which crown
ed our arms. In one battle he was severely
wounded by a grape shot. Envious spirits,
however, could not hold their slanderous
tongues, and base reports were sent home and
circulated regarding his conduct, but coming
to his ears were triumphantly disproved, and
their author?an officer of his own regiment
cashiered and sent home in disgrace.
Upon the death of Colonel Roberts, Lieut.
Colonel Geary was elected to fill the vacancy,
and continued at the head of the regiment
through the war, and until he landed them
safely in Pittsburg, and saw them disbanded.
Ho then returned to his family in Westmore
land, but in a few months President Polk, in
reward for his services, appointed him Post
master of San Francisco. He instantly pre
ared to go out, and taking his family with
im, sailed from New York in 1849.
Upon arriving there he found everything in
almost inextricable confusion?no system or
arrangement about the Post Office, which was
kept in a canvass house of small dimensions,
in which he was forced with his family to take
up his* residence. By superhuman exertions,
however, he soon brought matters to rights,
and systematized the whole department, to
the great convenience of the citizens of San
Francisco. A new administration coming into
power, he was displaced, and bis successor ap
pointed. He was almost immediately appointed
Alcalde of the city by General Riley, and con
tinued to perform the laborious duties of his
office?which was those of judge, jury, coun
sel, prosecuting attorney, and arbitrator, all
combined in one?to the great satisfaction of
all who had dealings with him?(and I much
question whether justice has ever since been
equally meted to all, in that rowdy-infected
city)?until the admission of California into
the Union, when the citisens, appreciating the
merit of the Alcalde, elected him their mayor
?certainly a higher honor, and one to be
proud of?first mayor of one of the first cities
of the world I
At the end of his term he refused a re-elec
tion, but proceeded to arrange his affairs for
the purpose of returning home, where the de
clining health of his beloved wife, who had
returned before him, created fearftil anti
cipations. He relumed full of honor and
glory arid wealth, having amassed an immense
fortune during his residence there, but she
survived his arrival but a few months. *
He purchased a fine farm in one of the most
beautiful portions of Westmoreland county,
where he has continued to make his home,
though engaged in some of the most exten
sive railroad operations in the country, until
now, he is again called into public life to fill
one of the most important positions in the
Union. He is a self-made man?the man for
the times, and will do credit to his party aud
his State, J, R. j>t
Colonel Frtmon'i Financial Kiplslti In
The expenditures of Colonel Fremont in
California, {say a the Cincinnati Enquirer,)
while acting professedly under the authority of
the Government, are calculated to subject hia 1
integrity to the darkest auapicions. The fol? :
lowing statement, which is derived from official
aources, is taken from the Waahington Organ: j
11 On the 12th of December, 1854, the Secre- |
tary of War tranamitted to the Senate and \
House of Representatives a report of the board
of officers appointed for the examination of
claims contracted in California under Colonel
Fremont in 1846-'47. We have before us a
copy of this report?No. 13, 33d Congress, 2d
" This report, which is visaed by Colonel C.
F. Smith, Lieutenant Colonel Charles Thomas,
and Major R. B. Lee, of the Uoited States
army, contains a schedule of the claims con
tracted by Fremont, amounting in all to
$960,614. Of this amount $149,236 had been
previously paid by Congress, and $8,129 were
recommended by th? board to be paid, inakinp
with the amount previously paid, $157,365. or
about one-sixth ot the whole amount claimed
by Fremont and his colleagues in the work of
depleting the treasury.
"The board disallowed $157,317 of the
amount claimed, and suspended $307,927 for
want of testimony or explanation.
" By far the larger portion of these claims
were for cattle and horses, purporting to have
been furnished to Freinout (or Government
For instance :
" M. G. Vallejo claims the specific amounts for
horses, cattle, arms, $24,750
"Making in all $250,675
"Julia Carillo claims $17,500 for horses ;
Cayetano Juarez, $10,000 for horse* j Salvador
Vallejoi, $53,000 ,for horses; Bruno Bernal,
$10,750 lor horses and cattle ; Victor Castro,
$12,912; J. J. Castro, $8,516; M. J. Sanchez,
$9,030; J. B. Alvarado, $11,605 ; J. R. Gon
zales. $26,200 ; V. P. Gomez, $11,231.
" And many other various sums, from $500
up to $20,000, for the same specie* of pro
"Now,, as Fremont had a very small force
under his command in California in 1846-47,
we may well inquire what became of the im
mense number of horses and cattle which he
pretended to have bought for the use of gov
"The board of officers who made the report
from which the above statement is copied evi
dently regarded the greater portion of the
claims as fradulent, inasmuch as they re
commended the payment of only $8,129, in ad
dition to the $149,236 already paid ? or
$156,365 in all?being less than one-sixth of
the amount claimed by Fremont to lie due
from the United States Government to sharpers
with whom he associated himself on his arrival
in California in 1846."
&?w Hampshire.
The noble, generous, hearty, and eloquent
endorsement which Franklin Pierce gave to
the noniinees"of the Cincinnati Convention has
had a powerful influence in the Granite State.
The Democracy are arousing to the fight with
a will. The national whiga are taking rank
with them in the great battle for the Union*
At a late mass meeting in Nashua the assem
bly was addressed by A. P. Hughes, esq., in
support of Buck and Breck. Mr. H. has been
heretofore an old-line Whig. He was postmas
ter of that city under the Taylor and Fillmore
administration, and was aWnij; candidate for
member of Congress from that district in 1853.
D. D. Dodge, esq., was next announced.
He has been heretofore an old line Whig, and
announced his fixed determination to vote for
Mr. Wm. A. Sleeper, another old line Whig,
Hou. G. W. Morrison, and Col. John H. George
also made effective and eloquent speeches.
A correspondent of the Springfield Argus
corroborates this prospect by the following pre
diction :
?'Set down the 'old Granite State' as safe
for Buchanan and Breckinridge by two thou
sand majority."
fET" Buchanan and Breckinridge Club.?
The regular meetings of ihiit Club will be held at
their Room on the conirr ol i 3th ?treel and Pa.
avenue, on Friday evening of n i week, at 8
Member* of the Club are 'expected >o be punc
tual io their attendance
J. W. IRWIN, Cor.Sec.
Importer and Dealer
Ueniral Commission and Forwarding
No. 474 Penu. Avenue, two door* below U. Si.
Cj~ N U. Country Merchants are requested to
give me a call before purchasing elsewhere.
Mr AI?o, Agent lor the Faemekk' and Mechanic*
Fire and M^kink, and Life Instance Compam
o! Philadelphia, fo- the port* and towns of Alex
andria, Va . aud Georgetown, D. C.
Oct 20?ly
NEW H OKK, by the Author of the Heir
of Redely fie.
The Castle Builder*,by the author ut the Heart'*
Ease, in paper cover*; price 50 cent* ; bound, 76
Iun( published and for *a!e at
tor* to Washington are re?pectl'ully informed
to at at TAYLOR & MAURY'S Book and Sta
tionery Store, near Ninth utreet, they will meet
all their requirement*. Tbeir extensive stock in
addition to the following important worka, com
pri*e* every department of Literature, Science,
and Art.
New book* received immediately oo publica
Weekly importations from England
Calhoun'* Work*, 6 vol*.
Jefferson'* Works, 9 vol-.
Webster'* Work*, 6 voU., autograph edition.
Everett'* Oration* and Speeche*, ^ vol*.
Clay'* I'rivatt Correapondence, 1 vol.
S. S. Preiiti*? Memoirs, 'J voia
Bancroft'* History of the United State*,0 vol*
Statesman's Mauual, 4 vols.
Hickey'a Constitution, 1 vol.
J?-fier?on's Manual, j vol.
The Cona'itution of the United States, 1 vol.
Elliot'* Debatea'and Madiaon Papers, 5 vol*
Marsh'* Oratora and Statesmen. 1 vol
Story's "Work*. 3 vols.
Lives of Chief Justice* of the United State*,
i Yol.
Lieber's Civil Liberty and Self Government!
3 vol*.
Wirt's Life of Patrick Henry, I vol.
Kennedy's Life of Wirt, 2 vols.
Garland's Lite of John Randolph, i vol.
Party Leader's, by Baldwin, 1 vol.
De Tocqueville's Democracy m America I
The Federalist, I vol.
Grimke* Nature and Tendency o Free ln?t?*
tution*, 1 vol.
Constitutional Text-Book, 1 vol.
Carey's l'?>t, Present, and Future, I vol.
Seaman'* Progress of Nations, 1 vol.
MoElligoti's American Debater, 1 vol
Future Wealth of America. 1 vol.
Smith's Wealth of Nations, 1 vol.
Every description of American, Engli*h, and
French stationery of the finest qualities, at the
lowest prteef.
Visiting Card* engraved and printed with the
greatest prompt it iide.
I SHAM, hereafter hare an office perma
nently in Washington for the practice of my
profession, and will give careful attention to any
i>ii*iuess entrusted to my charge in the Supreme
Court, the Court ol Claims, in the Laud, Patent,
or Pension, offices, or in any of the Department*.
Business Irom the Southwest may be sent to
me through V. H. Ivy, Attorney at Law, New Or
leans, who ha* been associated with me in the
practice >n that city, and who will continue to at
tend tn any limine** there which may be placed
in ntv charge.
J. D. B. DE BOW,
Late Superintendent of Censu*.
Wa.mhimhton, D. C., April 1A), I8.W
Apr HI?lawtm
Mokninc; <;ow wit.?a large auU ttu
ansortment, at all prices, for *ale by
Im tbk Senate, on (be 31?i of July, oiueteen
Hive and llarhor lull* were |>a*aed, involving mi
expenditure of over half a million of dollar* ; and
on (be firm of August much of the time was con
sumed in the diaeuaoion of bill* of a pri vnte^ehar
Im the House or K kphksk.vi'avi vk?, on the 31st
of July and the fir*? of August, the Kansas con
letted election wa?- elaborately discussed.
The Committee of Elections had reported the
following resolutions, namely *
Resolved, That John W. Whitfield is not enti
tled to a seat in this House, as a delegate Iroin the
Territory of Kansas.
Resolved, That Andrew H. Reeder be admitted
to a &eat on this floor as a delegate from tbo Ter
ritory of Kansas.
The first of these resolutions was adopted, by
yea* 110: nays 92 And the -econd was rejec
ted?yeas 88: nay* 113.
The House conei Jered private bills, but pus?ed
none, and then adjourned.
1 let Machine.
First patent combined on one Mock.
Second patent, sell-feeding in the eyelet*.
Third patent, patent improved luatener, riveting
liutli sides.
All parties in want of it Rood lOyelet Machine
. le strongly recoiumended 10 use none but "Lip
man's Patent Improved,'' which is decidedly the
best ever brought betore the public, possessing
numerous advantages, viz:
It is strong, durable, and not liable to gel out ol
It punches the hole well aud to lit the Eyelet,
and in one operation clinches the Eyelet on both
It saves time, as the papers, Sec., need not be
reversed or turned over to clinch the Eyelet a
second time, as is the case with all other ma
(t is useful to the merchant in filing away
papers, as well as to the attorney or conveyancer,
the shomaker, tailor, miliner, and numerous
others, and is a very labor-saving machine.
Agents for Washington,
Book and Stationery Store, near 9th si.
/~1<)UHT OP CLAIMS?Digested tuiuma
ry and alphabetical lint ?<( private claims
which have been presented to the House of Rep
resentative* from the First to the Thirty tirM Con
gress, exhibiting the action of Congress on eavh
claim, with reference to the journals, reports, bills,
&c , elucidating its progress, compiled by order ol
the House of Representatives. A few copies for
sale by R PAKNH AM.
BUCHANA*.?Life and Public Service* of
James Buchanan, including the most impor
tant of his Sta:e Papers. By K. G. Horton, with
an accurate porirait on steel, *1.
Just published, and lor sale, at
july 26 Bookstore, near 9th st
rHE LOKl> !?Ali>. ?? L^'T THCKE BE
light, And there was lull"?The ga* ??otn
puny says we will supply you with light, but we
will uot give- it to you free, under four dollars per
thousand leet, according to their calculation, but
not according to what you consume, and subject
to iheir rbitra<-y powers of monopoly.
The subscriber, having possesion of the patent
right for the va uable discoveiy ol tli*s patent
Benzole gas light, of a recent discovery , has in
troduced it in hi* atorr, No. 474 Pennsylvania
avenue, where it is now ou exhibition and can be
seen both day and nuht; also numerous testimo
nials of its quantities and efficiency b. persons
that have it in use in almost every section of the
United States. It must be seeu to be appreciated.
The Benzole gas machine will generate more gas
and at about one lourth of the cost of coal gas,
one hlaf less than oil, candles, or any other mate
lial in u^e for light.
It will not cost over one and one fourth of a
dollar per thousand feel; you are not subject to
the inconvenience of being presented every month
with a bill, and it not paid your gaa ia shut off;
no mistake in the metres, for there ia non-. The
whole apparatus takes up less space, and is liee
from all noxious odors. For public and private
buildings or dwellings this uew generator of gas
has not its equal, and for the country ia invaluable.
The subscriber, now having, in connexion with
other gentlemen of this ciiy, made application to
Congress for a charter to form a company for the
manufacture of the said machine- in this city,
and to give them every attention, will have opened
at his store No. 474 Pennsylvania avenue, a sub
scription hook fur stock at ten dollars (SIO) per
share; also one at the btnkiug house of Messrs.
Suter, Lea 6c Co., on 7th street, and begs to inform
the public in genferal that a large portion of ihe
stock being subscribed lor, the. books will be
closed immediately on the receipt of their charier
Iroui Congress. Capitol atock $50,000, lo go iulo
operation when twenty per cent, is paid in.
Stockholders to be supplied with machines at
July 29?sr
Oue price and full supply guarantied
THE Subscriber, h.tvinf succeeded in filling
all his houaes with Ice of a very superior
quality, and having the mo?r extensive facilities
tor conducting the trade, is now fully prepared to
tn ke contracts for the ensuing season, and feels
confident that the interest of consumers will be.
advanced by giving it their attention.
Persona in any part of Washington will be
supplied punctually according to contract, either
lor the season, (viz: from 1st May to 1st October,
or for the entire year.
To avoiJ mistakes anil trouble in settling ac
counta, contracts should be made, if possible, with
the proprietor, and not lell entirely with servants
and those delivering the Ioe.
Tickets it used at all must l>e paid for on deli very
unless otherwise arranged.
Cu-tomers leaving the city for more than len
day* at a note, by giving notice at the office, will
lie entitled to a proper deduction; without such
notice no deduction will be made.
Notice of change of residence, if given at ihe
office, will prevent disappointment.
Complaints against drivers (or neglect, careless
ness, or any other cause, should be made at the
Ice kept constantly on hand at the offi<-?>, aud
cau lie bad in l-rg > or small quantnies.
Orders can be left at the following places or
sent through the Post Office:
Naisn 6c Palmer, Penn. avenue and 9ih atreet.
Z. D. Gilman, Penn. avenue, between Gth and
7ih streets.
W. H. Oilman, Pennsylvania avenue and
Dr. T. C. McIkhek, 7th and I atreeta.
Foftu Sc Beo., Penn. avenue and 11th street.
Kidoley'b. Seven Buildings.
Z. M. P. K no, corner 15} and I streets.
H. H. McPheeson. Capitol Hill.
L. R. Holme ad, Maryland avenue aud 7th
F. 3. WtijH, Navy Yard.
?? Dyson, corner of Penn. avenue 6c 12th
Offioo and Depot southwest cor. F sn<! l'2th streets.
ri'AYLOK * MAlIKY have tlie bolter U
X announce the completion of preparation* lor
ibe festive season. lu addition lo their Ordinary
stock, (which lias always been characterized by
elegance and variety,) they have received?
A < hoice selection of beautifully illustrated su?/
tastefully bound Books.
Articles of" ver'M," in Porcelain. Brouae. and
other manufacture.
Writing Desks, in papier inacbe and ro?*wo<?i
Card Baske *, Inkstands. Ladies' 1/ubMi,
X UNITED HTATEJt."?Thi* celebra
ted >lap, recently eulogized by Lieutenant Mau
ry, in his " Virginia letters," ia on sale at
liookstore, mar Ninth street.
1 Charles Linton; with an Introduction and
Appendix by N. P. Tallmadge. Published by the
Society for the Diffusion of Spiritual Knowledge.
New York, 1 large octavo volume, pric? SI 59.
For sale at
TAYLOK 6r MAURY'S Bupkstore.
3 Uaiin.ty, author of Singieloct tuntlerov, Jcc.
Cos us de Espsna, or Going to Madrid, via Bar
celona /
Just published and for sale at
|. Fur Publish inn at Co it an'/, Nrw Hatt/tiiir*.
A week y Newspnper 10 b* ?*? ti* e?l,
rpillj gubsciiber will, immediately alter
JL. the nomination of ? candidate for Uj?i olfh'e
of Pre%ident of the Uin ed States. by the National
Democratic Convention about 10 avtml) ?? at ? in
cinna i, commence the pub'???'!? n ?f ?< w . If y
newsp>p>*r under |h~ t? rK* av> ?v.- uanfd Win!#
lie does not propose ut the pr- >ent time '?> u > into
a full detail oi the course which bit ? iiteni|daied
paper will pursue be will lake thi> oo- a?ion to
?ay that it will he devoted to an e*ru?-?t faithful,
and he trusts. efficient advocacy oi Democratic
principle* a* expounded and illustrated by tbo-e
two great faiber* and apo?llr* ()< mm i ,
Thomas Jefferson, and Amuiikw Iackma. Tlie
principle- and MxainpU-s of i'i?? two i!!u~irioi?
men inculcate the duly ? ' utuuitaiiiiiig: viitb i:
tiexilile fidelity iht- C*rrnrrtuftsx. Rights of
tiik States and ill'* Sovereign and Inauknasi e
Kiohts of the Pkofle, as the cofitei huih * oi
our republican system Of ifov runin.1, Tli>>?n
(treat conservative ideas will ulv."\a Had < xpre?
?ion in the columns of the journal which the un
dersigned in about to es'ahlisli.
It will als support with zeal and fidelity all
nominal ions of the Democratic paity, foily -nd
honorably made. While, ou the otiter hand. it
will resolutely oppose every attempt to subvert tie
Democratic or^a .izanon into t? mere m < Line for
the aggrandizement of individlijU ?> f.tc mill
Und r the flag of Democracy a l have equal ri^ntt
and privileges. None should he p.uxo.riln d, and
none ostracized from the |>*rty, for refusing to
bow to the dictation of selfish cliques within the
Democratic organization who atinnpt to wield it
for the promotion of their own iui<-re?ts, or for
the gratification of their owii dislike* and passions.
In the columns of the "Standard" all interests of
the party, and all who recognize its principles,
will be caudidly heard, and kindly and impartially
treated. And, he will further add, that its tone
and language in the discussion ot the principles
to which it will he devoted, will he dignified and
With such views and purposes in the condiiot
of bis proposed paper, the undersipned hopes 'or
success. He believes puidiu scii'irncnl in this
Stale now demands the establishment at the
Capital, ot such a journal as he prop ?c? to pub
The De.uocrat c Standard will tie published on
a sheet of the *iz?- of the ?? Cut; gr? nation at Jour
nal" which is 36 by '25 itiChes, and is one of' the
largest and (aires! papers in the Siale. It will he
printed on new type, and iis editorial columns
will be enriched by contributions from ihe pens
of some of the ablest writers ot' the Democratic
parly in the State.
Terms?AO in advance. 92 it the end of the
JET It is desirable that the friends of this new
enterprise should be active in procuring subscri
bers, whose names should be sent in a*soon as
possible, as the paper will be commenced the first
oi Juae.
Concord, N. H , Juiie 3. Publisher.
6H Lexington street, Baltimore, Md.
merly Editor ol tbo Christian World, Bililo
Alliance:, iSrc., and author ?<i Sermoins for the
Peop e.
Bible Depart incut.?Thus reluies to the pub
lication oi the Bible Until' iu separate vols <,r con
venient combinations ut v Is.; each book accord
ing to the u 111hoi zed >er?,oii, but in purj? rapb
form; ibe chapters and ver.-e* adic.itfd by margi
nal figures without br. ukui? die oonnexmii 01
subject*; the paper a ad press work ol tn. '>n-t
quality; the text in the most read.'I. e < vm ut
lowed by a copious and complete inuc\ ,in.< wiu
or without an unequalled student * in. ,., ?i- uidoi.i.
Tfie book* ol the New T?.*I m ? in ? i.>>? ar
firm. The Gospel by Matthew i .nn .. iy ? n .1
beau tn 11I 1 Ohio vol. of .ic.wv .JO |wg?.?
glazed paper - ml leaded l)|? M:trk 1* ?? <rijf
ready for the pr?"*s, and the i>tU> 1 twok> ?%-ill
rapidly follow. Tliey iua* bu ba>l in all thu
varieties of binding at pr.ee* to suit purchaser*,
and can readily be seut by mail. I'm iu a case
they will form a.; eleg.uit, D. ? ine LiU?i).
Tract Department.?This 11 devoted to the
publication of a monthly aerie* of Bible I racts,
the first of the kind ever issued and confessedly
the beat tracts 11 the world. No. 1 contains tl -
Sermon on tlw Mount; No. 2 the Ten Commai< I
merits. with additional related and illustMti??;
passages; and No. 3, the Celebration of the Law,
a- found in the 119th Pss!m. These tracts are kc
arranged a* to make the beauty and utility of the
Sacred Text more apparent and impressive than
in any ordinary form. They are void singly at
one cent; and in package*. 20 for 15 cents; 35 lor
25 cents; 50 for 35 cents; and 100 lor CO chius.
Postage if prepaid, on package* over 6 ounce*,
only, half a cent an ounce.
Paper Department.? Mere in the publication
ol a small, nea . monthly p <per, entitled The li'bU
T mts, devoted to the promotion ol all Bihie inter
est*, and particularly ot the cause above repre
Whoever wi?he* further information of the
origin, character, and progress of this const;
should send lor Tfu B.blr. Tint*.* The lirsi num
ber appear> <1 in April. Back numbers ran yet In?
snpptie-', as Home are aud on hand, and a reprint
of more has been ordered.
The Timet l? published ut 25 cent* lor llle
voluii e consisting of nine numbers, from April
10 December; 5 copies, f-1; la cop n, $2; 20
copies, S3; !eb copies, $4 ; and 10 eopie* h>r S-V?in
Send two letter stamps, and a specimen Hum*
l>er of the Tim** and also ol the fra is wilt he
promptly r< turned.
Address T. H. STOCKTON,
08 larxingtou *tree . Baltimore, V4.4
June Hg
I^HIi undersigned, J. tin 4'. iK'tercsi, ut
New York city, and ,vl. Thompson. of Wasb
nigton, D. C., attorney* and couiiseilors-ai-law
are associated lor the legal prosecution of claim*
for creditors ol governiiicnl in the Court 01
They will co-operate in immediute and careful
attention to business tuatier* at Washinstoa
which may lie intrusted 10 their care by penile
men of the profession aud da maul*. 111 1 be city ol
New York, or elsewhere ut any part >J the
They maybe consultrd at any time, personally
or by letter, either at New York or W.tshinKioa.
Particular information a* to claims whien i>av?
been at any time before Cougre*sor Department*
can be furnished at once upon application, by the
parties interested.
No. WO Broadway, corner of Wall street,
New York city.
Washington city.
N. B--J.C. Devereux is a Commissioner ol the
Court of Claiina.
Feb 7?Stawtfif
PKRM>N8 requiring Ho?pi>al siiendance are
invited, as usual, to the Washington lnfirma
ry, which institution is under the professional
charge of the faculty of the National M< dicil
College, and is povided with a resident physi
cian, several medical a*si*tants, and competent
nurse*. The following resolutions of the Board
of Directors are published to correct any mi?ap
prehension that may exist in r? gard 10 the usages
of the institution in relation to patients:
Re*olveJ, That we invite the inedi. al proles
sion generally to place iu the Infirmary nay patient
or patients that they think may lie benefited by
hospital advantage* and treat them as their private
paneuts, subject of course to the discipline of the
Rfulvrd, That, during the term i f service ot
the attending physician aud surgeon hi* services
are given gratuifou*ly to whatever patients may
enter the coin moo ward* of tne lnfirma. v . but it
is expected ihat persons placing 'hemselves under
hi* care a* private patient* ?no?ild remunerate
him a% in attendance v'sc* here.
Rtrolvtd. That any physiciau or surgeon attach
ed to the Infirmary who may bo required by a
patient in the institution to render his professions'
set vices, who st the time is not 111 attendance
up>n the inmates ot the institution for ?uch
period a* is allotted to htm in the <11 vision of the
term of service with his colleagues, shall hare
liberty 10 charge bun as under the conditions
attending the ord aary relation between pau-nk
and physio an.
RenJveU, That it would be an act ol g o?a
injustice to the profession to receive .uto the In
firmary and attend gratuitously any | at 1 ent whose
circumstances would enable him lo render com
pensation for medical rervices to | hysician* out
of the Instkution.
july 17?3td Curator Washington Infirmary,.

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