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THE EMPIRE COUNTY ARGUS.
W < l Jil li l UGTIiEUS, Third stint. S’tic uurcr.to, aie cur suthoiiicct Agents for that city. All ciders, for this |bpu, left in tin u charge, will be pituiflly attctuled to. MB. JAMES C. IT'XCAX, at the Bookstore ofLe- OC'UEt & Strong, San hi: . ■ ; fee will net as Agent for the Argus. All otders for this ci:'...c left with him, will be promptly attended to. NIK. 1). hi. WALL KOI., it enr authorised Agent for this county. mnioMin' ■ nr— .••.jswjv r.*x cvTiini'Wwe ioumjoj Column t fntnidsy, KoTCialu r 111, tS~dJ. Introductory. In cccordnr.ee with a time-honored custom it be comes cur duty "to place before the public cud the many friends who have kirally aided cud encouraged usiu the establishment of this paper, a declaration of the plan to be pursued in. the conductor, and of the principles to be advocated by it. We have settled ourselves at the county scat of the largest and most lb writhing of the mining coun ties of the State of California, that county in which gold was first discovered, and in which it has heen sought for with great diligence, skill and the aid of combined labor and capital to a great amount. The mining interest is of course the predominant interest in the county-; yet agriculture has by no means been neglected. A traveler through our county cannot but bo surprised at the great number of agricultural claims that have been taken up and are being improved. Hundreds of little rallies and thousands of acres of land on the ridger, aro being cultivated by the industrious farmer. A few years lms also shown a largo increase in the number of persons engaged in the mechanical arts. The mercantile community is also fast grow ing into importance; hut the dependence of the farmer, mechanic and merchant is upon the miner. We shall aim to advocate the true interests of the mining community, but in doing so we by no means pledge ourselves to sustain the existing state of things among the mines. In our opinion many im provements can bo made that will better their con dition. The regulations that have obtained among the miners suited very well the tnigiatory miner of ’49, 50 and *51: but as they quit that habit—as they settle down—ns they get their families in tie country, some greater degree of security is iolt to be needed. Regarding the tenuro and the size of mining claims, local mining laws and regulations, as well as on all that appertains to practical mining, we shall take occasion from time to tinio to speak our mind freely. In our relations of the success of mi ners we shall strive to avoid the exaggerated ac counts that wo believe to be too prevalent. It shall also be our aim to give to all the interests of our county a due and proper degree of attention. The Argus being established for the general inter ests of this county, it will not bo permitted to be come the organ of a particular town or section of the county. Our aim is to he above a narrow-mind ed, sectional f ' ling. We shall strive to give full and reliable intelligence from all parts of our own county as well as (he State, and news of general i.i-! terest from other quarters. To one feature of «t:r i paper, as !icing < f general interest to almost every citizen of tiiis county, we cull especial rvttonticin. Vv’e propose giving accurate and ccmplcto reports the Courts holding their sessions at tiiis place, the District Court, County Court, Court of .Sessions, fee. Among tl-.e many new and novel cases that are brought before our Courts for adjudication, there cannot fail to lie many of general interest. We shall also deem it to be our duty to watch closely the manner in which the public officers ofj our county conduct the business that the people en trust to them. In this wo shall aim at the perform ance of our duty without fear or favor. In politics this paper will bo entirely and fear lessly Democratic: tin? advocate and ■ upportcr of the inn i- sts of the ; c iple, gr .1 of •'>. greatest number; the inoulcaterof the doctrine tlut,t Democracy is progressive, eminently so, a progress that should bo onward and upward; that the Ameri can people should be messengers carrying glad ti dings of liberty to the down-trodden of the earth. We Americans obtained our liberty by the help cf God. We are the instruments of God destined to free the nations of the.world remaining in bond age. We do not say by the bayonet and camion, but by tlie press and our example. L’ut while de claring our principles to 1 • empha icnlly Demo cratic, we do nut mean to have it understood that we shall never denounce a Democrat. Democrats may do wrong— such we shall be the first to ex claim against. We arc proud of our principles and rur party, and we shall handle no man with gloves who disgraces the one or is treacherous to the other. We can never forget the hard fought battle be tween tho two political parties this fall; a battle carried on with all the ardor of energetic Califor nians: a battle wou triumphantly by the Democratic party, notwithstanding the most violent abuse, the most bitter invective, and the foulest accusations applied to the leaders of the Democracy. In the face of it all wc elected our ticket —our legislature for tho coming session being largely Democratic. V> ill that legislature do honor to the battle that was fought; do honor to their Democratic constitu ents who elected them ? Will they do full honor to themselves I \\ ill they labor faithfully, honestly and zealously fur tho welfare of the people ? We hope they will. During the coming session we shall Lave regular communications from the seat of government, writ ten uy men of ability and sound judgment. Wc shall not give our readers reports of the doings of our law makers at second band. W o shall not attempt to please all. hy doing so wc should please none. We seek to do good by pursuing an honorable and fearless course. Citi zens of El Dorado, we hare told you our views. We ask your liberal support. \\ ill you sustain a news paper printed in your midst and devoted to your in terests ? Wo regret to notice a sad accident that occurred to one of our oldest and most respectable citizens. Mr. J. Barnes, of the Columa Hook and Ladder Co., was just leaving I’lacervillo with the Company on friday morning, when his horse became fractious, reared and fell backwards on him, striking him vio lently with the pommel of the saddle. Several of his ribs were broken. Our friends at Placervillc ex tended to him every attention. lie is somewhat Ivtter a: this dale. v Firemens Bull at PlaccrvlUe. On Thursday of this week the Columa Hook and Ladder Co., (M. I lolmce, l'oreuian,) visited Placer* vilio at the invitation ot' the Neptune Fiose Co., (Alex. Hunter, Foreman,) of that place, to uttend a Pall given hy the latV i k Cs»T ' The Coloma Co. turned out 22 strong. And left town on horseback. At Middletown, about 3 miles this side of Plnccrville, they were met by the Nep tune Co., all handsomely mounted and in uniform, and numbering 27 men. From Middletown (at 3 o'clock) the Neptune Co. escorted the Column Co. into Placerville, marching up Main street to Fpper 1 laccrville, and returning halted in front of the El Dorado. Here the Column. Co, were welcomed to Placerville, on behalf of the Neptune Hosd Co. and citizens, by Robert Anderson, Esq., in an address delivered in the u-unl generous and happy style of that gentleman, die was replied to, on the part of the Column Co., by Thomas H. Williams, Esq., in a few pertinent remarks. The Colnma Co. were then waited on to quarters, which had been generously and bountifully provided by their brother Firemen of Placerville. During the afternoon and evening the Coloma Co. visited the carriage house of the Neptune Co., an 1 they all speak in fine terms of - the establish ment" Put the great event was the Ball at the Miners Mouse in the evening. A lino saloon, beautifully and tastefully prepared, splendid music, and to crown all more ladies than wo havo ever seen to gether in California, added much to the pleasures of the evening. \\ e never attended a ball at which the guests ap peared to be so well pleased as at this. May it be our lot to attend many such reunions. The supper* no bountifully and delicately provided by the host, D. W. Levan, we must say did full honor to the oc casion. The festivities were continued to a late hour. Evciything passed off with the utmost order and decorum, as was to be expected at the hands of lie gentlemanly members of the Neptune lloso Co. The courtesy and attention shown by the 1 laeer villc Co. to the Column Co., will be remembered with pleasure for a long time. We hope such meet ings may often occur. They strengthen tho good feelings of the citizens of the two places. They bring out the generous qualities of men. There is great danger of these being choked up in this coun try 1 y our love for the almighty dollar. May use fulness and boner ever attend the members of the Neptune Hose Co. of i laccrville. Thu Pacific Mail Steam Ship Company begins to wince at last. We noticed in the Alta a few days since a emnmuniention from W. C. Ralston, Esq., of the house of Harrison & Fretz, Panama, to Ed. Flint, Esq., the company's Agent at San Francisco. According to the Alta this letter was forwarded with permmieu topuMtsh if thought proper. Tho letter i> full of praises cm the present condition of the road from Panama to Cruces—that the road has been well macadamized—the trip was made in 3 hours, 3’.j hours, &e. What amuses us is the "•permission to publish if ‘hcvg’it proper. n while at the same tin.- sumo ten names are fppcn led to the letter, certifying its cor- I'tetne. s. showing that it was expressly prepared fur publication. Lav Your Licenses.— Our worthy and energetic District Attorney, 1'. II. Hewes, Esq., we are glad to find is determined to make all delinquents sulfur the penalty i f the law. On last Saturday our coun ty Treasurer was besciged With applications fur licenses (hi: l Lack. Like an honest < flicer ho re fused to furnish them. The parties were afraid of prosecutions. The officers we• believe hate com mence.! at riacerville and arc determined tu go through the county and prosecute every person du ing business without license. Go on, gentlemen: do your duty faithfully and you will have the thanks of every bone.se trader— of those who pay their licenses from principle. If all would pay their proper share of taxes, our rates could soon be lessened. We cal! on all honest, law-abiding citizens to aid the officers in this matter. Walk up and pay your licenses, gentlemen, or you will surely be prosecut ed. We uu not know which town the officer will visit next. If wo did wo would not tell. Settle up! .Settle up ’! In the column of Lrofessional Cards our readers will find the names of the most able local and modi o cal gentlemen in our county. In law. physic or in general business, the most energetic and talented men advertise. Patronise those wliu advertise freely. The Lilian of the Sib inst. published, in extenso, the lloover Pacific Railroad project, aud also a lib eral critique on it. Its review is written with all the soberness imaginable; but after objecting to all the points in the ‘•plan,” it innocently remarks, "these objections have occurred from a single read ing of the manuscript,’' uud it generously recom mends a ‘•careful reading of the project.” ihu absolute impracticability of the plan cannot but appear to the most cursory reader. “After seeing it in print," we think that the absurdity of the thing must have come over the Editors of the Union like a wet blanket. Raise out own Flour.— Wo hope that all the farmers in this county will sow a portion of wheat this winter, it has been thoroughly proved that the bottom and hill-tops will grow it well. In a very few years wheat enough should bo raised in the mountains to s upply borne consumption of Hour. J. II. 1 redmore, Esq., of 1 laccrville, we notice is about erecting a grist mill at that place, the first in this county. Success to him in his enterprise. We hope the farmers willsupply him with grain enough to keep the mill in operation. 1* reax ok Nature —Wonderful Fig.—A pig was littered near this town a few days since that has a miniature Elephant's trunk projecting from the forehead. J ho trunk is about three inches in length. Call aiid see tho curious thing. ’Tis at /clncr's Drug btoro in this town. Our thanks are due the Expresses of Adams & Co. and Y\ ells, hargo & Co., for favors during the past week. New Sue it. —A party of young men play ing marbles in front ot George's stable. Hour it made our youthful days ilash across our memory. The rain of this week lias made seine of the river companies stir themselves to Ret up their flumes. With usual California luck, some have been fortu nate and some unfortunate; but doubtless they will prosecute the same work with vigor next summer. The miners have yet a great deal to learn about river mining. Wo doubt not that n majority of the river claims will pay well when worked properly, under right management and with suitable ma chinery. '1 he river miners deserve success. Our late worthy and popular county clerk, Josiah Gordon, Esq., left for the “ States’* on the loth in stant on a visit to his relatives and friends, lie will I return soon. Sir. G. has the good wishes of a host | of friends. Marriages.—V\ tait somebody get married, give us an invite and let us advertise the thing ! head ers will please understand why we call for this act to be performed. How long is it since the Placer Herald (Auburn) commenced advocating Democracy ! Ami by whose consent is it and how long has it been the leader or sqokosuran of the *• mountain Democracy V We ask for inlormation, wo do, seeing we are just in the ring. Ought to be in Prison —The two brutes who are announced to have a prize light at Georgetown. Nugget. —We have been quite too busy during the past week to find the man who lias taken out the largest lump of gold from *• any wlmr.’’ Will try and see him next week. A German named Henry Gurrunr, fell dead on Wednesday last, in the lower part of this town- Coroner’s verdict —Intemperance. We give as full a synopsis, to the exclusion of a variety of other matter, of news by the Golden Gate, as time will permit. Wc were just about going to press when the unexpected arrival of the Golden Gate was announced, and a whole flood of newspapers were thrown into our of,let by George ticarios, the gentlemanly Agent of Wells, Fargo & Co. An interesting letter from our friend A. B. C’. is in type, but unavoidably crowded out. Wiil ap pear next week. Qtotations —Gas!— •• Willi these improvements and precautions, the prosperity of the city is se cured: its future is no longer si douht, hut a cer tainty—If Ac ham unto must continue the sr.coM> city ok Caukorma."— Sacramento C,lij Directory for ISuo, page 40. •• We present to our citizens a Directory of Ma rysville — the first ever published in this, the si.comj city ok Caukorma, both in commerce and pros perity.'' — jlunj.se,lie Directory, lD5d, page 3. Great County.— from the Young America we learn that the Gold '1 united Co. in Nevada, took out hist week fo.oUO from thirty tons of quartz. Dr. Trask discovered Cinnabar, the ore from which quicksilver is extracted, within three miles of the town of Nevada, the extent of the lead is not known. In Nevada county there is a bed of the Chromate : of Iron, larger than any described in the world. 1 lie article of chrome is extensively used in the arts, and will no doubt he found an article of com merce from this eountiy on the completion of a rail 1 road to this place.— lowng America. De-ci-ded-ly a great place! Another Cooi.it: Dim,. —Wo have learned from good authority, says the Dan f raneisco livening Journal, that a bill will he submitted to the next Legislature and probably become a law. making labor contracts entered into abroad, to be performed in this State, binding : and providing that any em ployee having entered into such a contract and bro ken it. may be compelled to fulfil it by personal ser vice on pain of certain penalties. Standard Weight ok Bread. —A communica tion signed by numerous citizens, has been address ed to the Common Council, asking for the passage of an ordinance to regulate the weight ol bread, fhe petition emanates ft- s tizons who complain ! (and with reason) of th rbitnut price and mis erable quality of the brio i served by most of llie ' bakers of this city. —.S'. F. Eve. Journal. The signers of the communication had better have a nurse. \\ by do they not buy bread from ! honest baiters ? 'I hat will be the best way of cur greeting the evil; or was the petition gotten up by (somebody who wanted an appointment ? Personal. —OKI Nelson called on us yesterday, during a clear spell of weather, and wanted to pol ish our boots. Having but one pair and no slip pers, had to forego the luxury. Old Nelson is in tine health and spirits. Quartz 3Mim.no in El Dorado. —Within the space ot six miles south of Mud Springs, in El Do rado county, says the Union, there are now eleven veins opened and thoroughly tested, (two being opened within the last two weeks,) which for extent and richness, will beam comparison with any veins in the Mate, 1 hese veins are independent of those now working on Mathenas Creek, and can lie seen in the neighborhood of Logtown and aloii" • he ridge running south towards the Cosuumes river. When proper machinery is put in operation, this portion of El Dorado county will bqcomc the center of quartz mining, and will necessarily become the most nourishing and wealthy portion of the mining region. This portion of the county is fast changing Iroin a temporary mining, to a permanently settled country, farms are being located and improved, and the beautiful white cottages, and more extensive farm houses, surrounded with puling fences, and the necessary out buildings, begin to give the country the appearance of the happy homo of industry and civilization. A Model Act. — iho Legislature ot New York, at its last session, passed t.ie following act, which should servo as a model for all Legislators here after : The People in the State of New York represented in the Senate and Assembly, do enact as tollows: See. 1. 'i'en hours shall be deemed a days work, in the absence of any agreement tor melianies and laborers on all public works of this State. See. li. 1 his act shall take effect immediately. J here is tiie whole act, the whole storv, iua nut shell. The Price of Law. —A copy of the Statutes-of 18,Yl, sold a few days since at auction in Sail Franc isco, says the Evening News, for the moderate sum of .'job. We are informed by F. A. Snyder, Esq., the Compiler of the laws of the four sessions, that the compiled laws published by authority, and in one volume, will bo sold for S20. Judges entitled to copies by law will receive them immediately on ap plication to the Secretary of State. State Jour. Gen. Allison, Speaker of the House of Represen tatives, has been sworn in as Governor of Honda — both the Govenor, the Lieut. Governor and Presi dent of the Senate having left the State. I'mu 3itfrlligrnrt. Cases determined at the October Term, 1S53, of the Court of Sessions, of Cl Dorado County. 1 lie People vs. J. C.iL cutague. Assault with in tent to commit murder ; acquitted. The People vs. Alex. McLube Assault with in tent to commit great bodily harm ; acquitted on plea of former conviction, viz : lino by a Justice of the fence. The People vs. Alex. McCabe. Resisting an offi cer ; acquitted. | The People vs. J I'm. R. Coleman. Assault with a 1 deadly weapon; acquitted. Tiie People vs. It in. Brewer. Contempt refu sing to appear as a witness; lined £25 and IDs days I imprisonment in county jail. Ihe People vs L. Jjradii/. Causing nuisance : nol pros entered. 'Pie People vs. II. Rem. Obstructing public high way ; nol pros entered. lac People vs. George Null. Appeal from judg ment i f justice. (Malicious mischief.) Appeal dismissed and defeudent discharged. Pne People vs. George Lonctj. Assault and batte ry : lined t 5 and cost. Pnc People vs. Dnj Dennis. Assault with intent to commit murder; nol pros entered. J ,c People vs Porter. Chase and others. Keeping gaming house without license : nol pros entered. The People vs. Leech , Saw per If A mj. Keeping gaming house without license ; not pros entered. The People vs. Knight <y Turner. Keeping ga ming house without license ; nol pros entered. Tnc People vs. Johnson If IVitdhug. Keeping ga ming house without license ; nol pros entered. The People vs. P. R Haight. Cutting away and destroying dam ; nol pros entered. The People as. G. F. JJowker, Jacob Trunsen , Jones iV I I'm. James. Assault and battery ; James acquitted, liowker and'J ransen each lined 50 and cost. (Jones not arrested.) The People vs Win. Hope. Resisting officer ; ac quitted. The People vs. Hatfield If Transen. Resisting of ficer; acquitted. The People vs. Frank Clark. Burglary; one year iu state prison. The People vs. IV. II. Kc't’tly. (Retaining stolen j property.) Appeal from judgment of Justice ; pros ecution dismissed and defeudent discharged. Tic People vs. George Loncij Assault with in tent to commit murder; lined ( 3 JO and cost. <l u ii«. iy to (U i • , Cases determined at the November Term, 1853, of ihc County Court of El Dorado County. L. A. Morton vs. A. G. Vanover. Dismissed at defendant's cost, with writ of procedendo to Court below. Chapman Sf Stearns vs. Fielding If others. Dis missed at plaintiff s cost. A. JJ. Arnold If others v,\ J. E. Parker. Judg ment for plaintiffs. Chapman If Stearns vs. IV. IV. Care. Judgment for plaintiffs by default, and order of sale. Ac. Corbcnia Wax vs. McFarland If Users. Dismissed at defendents cost. L. Biadhj If ot ters vs. P. Perkins If Aaron Abbott. Dissniisscd at defendents cost, for want of form in notice of appeal, and writ of procedendo to Court below. Alex. U. Kiev vs. J). II. Nickerson. Dismissed at defendant's cost, for want of jurisdiction of justice. ./. G. Cmpentcr If others vs. Mark ( , uijartl Dis missed at defendant's cost, with writ of procedendo to Court below. IV,'ii. Knox If ethers vs. Louis Guild iS• (:*>>••)•*.— Dismissed at defendants cost, with writ of pi occ denilo to Court below. TVin. Cunningham vs. S. Tubbs cY ethers. Judg ment for defendants, with costs of this Court and Court below. Lewis Lewis vs. C. Bcritcan. Dismissed at defen dant's cost, with writ of prose lendo to Court la low. J/ortnc Rockwell vs. Calvin Sin t ’. Di.-n.issed for want ef jurisdiction of Justice, tit defendant s cost in this Court and Court below. C. A. M. Din gee vs. Lhios't Van Clindn In / Filer Van Olinda. Dismissed at cost of plaintiff, and writ of procedendo n. r. I,clow. I'll,Onto Vnuil. Matters in Ihe l’rohate Court of El Dorado coun ty since October 1st, 1853. Oct. 1. In the matter of the estate of John Gif ford dec'll. Order nisi for the sale of real anil per sonal property of said estate coming on for hearing, it was ordered that ihe same be sol! at public sale, by tec administrator for easli, or on six months credit Oct. 14. In the matter of the estate of James L. Cahoon, ilec'd. It was ordered that letters of ad ministration of said estate, i.-sue to I rancis A.Hor ton. Appraisers were aj;printed. Oct. 17. In Ihe matter of ihe estate of Nancy Hitchcock, dec'll. It was o. E-red that the power of 8. S. Davis to act as one the administrators of said estate be suspended until legal investigation he had. uC. Oct. 24. In the matter of the estate of John D. Adgate, dee d. It was ordered that the perishable property of said estate, upon application of Nelson Van Tassel, I ublie Administrator, benppraised and sold to pay debts. Appraisers were appointed. Oct. 24. le the matter of 11 so estate of Gustavus Schiller, ilec'd. It was ordered, on application of G. Hempel, administrator, that the perishable pro perty of said estate be sold. Get. 31. In the matter of the estate of Nancy Hitchcock, ilec'd. An error having been committed in directing a ci.ation to S. S. Davis as administra tor instead of executor, it was ordered that the same he corrected of record, and that Thomas II. Williams he appointed to examine into the manage ment and affairs of said estate, and report to the Court on Nov. 8th, 1853. Oct. 31. In the matter of the estate of John L. Snckett. dec'll. It was ordered, upon the applica tion of Nelson Van Tassel, public administrator, that publication he made to the creditors of said estate, and appraisers appointed. Nov. 4. In the matter of the estate of Wm. D. Gooch, dee d. It was ordered, upon the petition of Joseph W. Seeley, one of the sureties, that Joseph II. Carter, administrator of said estate, lie required to appear and shliw cause why he should liui give new or additional security. Nov. 7. 1853. 'J lie monthly report of the public administrator was filed, showing a balance remain ing on hand since last report, received from estate of John D. Adgate. of Nov. 14. In ihe matter of the estate of Win. D. Gooch, dee'll. It was ordered that the letters of administration of said estate, granted to Joseph II. Carter on the 2'Jtli day of July, 1855, he revoked. Nov. 14. In the matter of the estate of Nancy Hitchcock, dec'd. It was ordered, upon agreement j of parties, that the application for the removal of i 8. S. Davis, executor of said estate, (the same hav ing been continued from the 8th iust. to date) he continued to Nov. 20tli, 1853. Time of holding Courts in D1 Dorado county tor the remainder of the year 1853; Disthict Coikt.—'Delia commences Monday, November 21st. I’uoB/iTK Conor. —Term commences Munday, November 28th and December 20ili. Conor or Sessions.—Term commences Monday. December 5th. At a meeting of the Hook and Ladder Co. hu t evening, among other proceedings it was Resolved. That the sinoero thanks of this com pany he returned to the Neptune I lose Co. of I la cervillc, for the invitation extended them to meet them on the evening of the Kith and for their kind reception ; and they feel it their duly to say that their sojourn in 1'laccrville was as pleasant us was their reeeptiou iRItlt .lL OF THE COLDENMTE! TWENTY-FIVE DAYS LA TER!] VY IVEI.LS, FARGO fy GO’S. EXPRESS. i'ORElGX, FOUTICAL AXl) MiSCELtiKEOl’S. B.V this arrival wo have received via Hie Ramsey route, dates Irani New Orleans to Nov. 1— seven teen days later; from New York, by telegraph, to Oct. oO twenty-five days later; and ten days later than the papers brought by the mails via I auama ; and from l.iverpool toOet. 19th—sixteen days later than previous advices. 1 ho news has therefore been hut sixteen days on the way from New Orlo- 4 ans. seventeen from New \ork, and twenty-seven-k trom Europe, 'i his is tlie most extraordinary dis patch on record. * Tnr. Eastekn Question.— Dates fron* London! had been received to Nov. 7th. by the Asia. Com-* moiiting on the Eastern Question,the Herald says. .. t he anxiou.-ly expected news by this armal. con-f nrins U.<< intelligence received by tho Atlantic’ that! ine t < rami Council of the Ttukish Divan had been I unanimous m vni„<, to proceed to war agifinst Rus-f sia. ami al.-o assure.. us „f the moment.,usjfact that* (he Sultan laid declared thu war, nllowinf the Rus* emus a period ot lour weeks to evacuate the pi-inci |>.i litic*s. M . t»i.; i;iu( rc. Austrian Intcrnusicio to tl»® i orlo. had made a lit attempt to induce tho to reconsiuev am! . nuov.e (be original Note, with out the alterations made ik 'im.j.q p p.j '[ho Council rejected the proposal, and •jitimatod that tho negotiatory system had reached lv* limit. It is said that a French army is marching t.w Ylir ds Tyu lon, with a view of being embarked for tKirseeli'd’of ” action. Tho London Times states that the Turkish war manifesto is tho most unanswerable document of the present century. When it was road by the Emperor Nicholas, lie swore that he would wage a war of extermination against the Turks. All the Russian subjects rooming in Turkey have been placed under the protection of Austria. 'i he fleets of England and France had not passed the Dardanelles, hut were preparing to do so, and to proceed to Constantinople. * All the subjects of Austria and Prussia, engaged in the Turkish service, have been recalled b, their respective governments. The Turkish Government had ordered a fresh levy ot 150,000 men; and the clergy had off-red to place two hundred millions of piasters at the dispo sal of the Multan. it is reported that the Sultan had announced to the '! urks that Persia would support the Empire against Russia. 1 russia, it is said, had refused to join E’wtssia, against Turkey. Neither England nor 1’ratio was arming openly ; while Austria was augmenting her forces ou tl.e lurkish frontier. Advices from Smyrna, of September 21st, state that on that evening Martin Kn.-zta, the liuiguriatt refugee, would sail for the Culled States ot board of the American barque Mimosa. Ibis w;s to bo done with the consent of all parties concern,d, and thus the matter, so far ns Ivosssnv himself is c<tcern ed. Wassettb-.l. Mr. Drown was at Smyrna 21st, to see the business duly Ani.-hed. The cholera is committing greater ravages limn ever among the Russian troops on the Daimij, and desertions are very frequent. A new levy d roops has been ordered in Russia. George Law i as sold a quantity of lmiskits to Turkey. Giti:at Hkitain.—We have most melanfioly news from tho t niied Kingdom. Cholera lm bro ken out with fearful violence on hoard tlufSew York Packet ships P ane U right and Silas (rsen n-.an, and over seventy emigrants laid died njmng the passengers of tho two vessels before ti.vAsia sailed. A Kf tic Expedition. — Commander Inglcfi, .1 had arrived at the Admiralty, and brought from Sir Edward belcher's exploring expeiti.li, nut lmd no news of Sir John ! ratiklin Sir d. 1531- her had completed tin; passage between Mutt oceans. Laving ] assed into the Are. e va byLjh ring's Straits, and returned by Daws' Straits. | littn.AM).— in Ireland a collision (fccurredit|jyn the Great Southern and V\ estern Railway, by 'Inch twelve pe, j !e were killed and nearly ti.y wv ' wil'd Kort>Ulli iiuti ilelvt I I «• mi-s.il ,n nf the Sul ni of 1 urkey to return to Ivutaya. hut had been veusC'd Anttc.\M/.i.M; t.'ruA — it'mhnmUm, Oil. 25.—'kho Union of to-day slates that additional and rcii<|>lo information has boon received, contiiiniiig t ports of the attempt on t lie pai l of England, l ance and Spain, to Africanize Cuba. It declares tliitkir rungoments have actually been effected for tbikn portution of African apprentices, and thcaowal will be made openly*, its soon as the Engli-I And french fleets reach i be neighborhood of Cuba • In further elucidation i f i ritish designs in 'aha, the Havana correspondent of the Mfthiio boiler, in a letter dated I'Jth tilt., writes ns follows: » ’l lie taets given in my last, in relation to tlafon summation of llriti-h p.diey for ll e Island of (itbn, arc fully verilied trom entirely reliable source-and the period of limitation of slavery Into, is tli-fk-nr IS DU, when the st< ek on hand, of young at Bold, are to enter the \c lunlaiy !al u siege el' ser ilide. '1 lie three powers have not yet aliirmed the c vfen tion. hut they have given a.-,suranee to privatcion tructors and speculators, that they may uiASuze and conunenee the introduction of apprenlips, or emigrants from Africa, and that they shall lie pro tected. Under this authorization, obtained dirietly from the three powers, with sovereign r.-oeel. they are making extensive arrangements, and it i- ex pected. that in all the month of February, vvithnll comm-nee living under the working oftl.P e 'v system, which wiil he enforced, if necessary, I' *hc fleets of England and France. Mationai. Democratic Convention. —A .V. 1 ? 0 "' ttl Democratic Uonvention has been sunmni 1 ** 0 , meet at Ihilthnorc in December next for the^*| r * [lose of determining whether the policy of thff, . met meets the approbation of the pen Rl«- rem be hoped that the Southern States will resented, as the movement is a very imptrhiJ '*io. PoT.iTiCAi..—Hon. A. Untidy. M. C., dec t| from the 2'Jth District, New York, has resigned, j. VKitmont. —Horatio Needham, Free Dei*? c . rat '» was elected Speaker of the House on tlie 1T|a 'j'jU by :i vote of ll'J to 85 for Grundy (H for Lingham (Dem.) C. F. Davoy, W I^^** 1 * 3 elected Clerk unanimously. . . , Ohio. —’1 he northern portion has gone f ,r . c Maine Liquor Law, and the southern ugtii| s " lC ' A he entire Democratic ticket lias been eluvtiv- IT.nnsvi.vama. —liiglerand the rest of tie, *^' v oeratic State ticket are all elected. I he Stuw‘ c ” ate will doubtless stand. Whigs, 14, independent:) Native Amerieau, 1 ; and De-nij ' - Indiana. —liut a very small votclms l:e^T l '‘‘ < '^ A. G. I'orter, th>: Demneratic nominee f«i^B>", of tlie Decisions of the Supremo Court, is<^B uu . \ a very large uiujnrity. * Minnesota.- ll. M Rice, formerly oHfc zoo aim a i luree L’cinocrut, is eleclcu * Lll | . « Delegate to Congress over C'apt. W illtn, lately I tinge County, N. Y., an indepemEnt cau^da* 5 a P a W big. - r Georgia. --Johnson's majority for /ju greatly reduced from the telegraphic tlie I'nngres.-ioiial re-ults are now report fa’ Jus. L. Deward. Alfred 11. Colquitt, D- W U. W. Dent, Elijah W. I mjistuin ‘j,,; J. i llillyer, Demoerats : and David Rcee s' i ‘ I 11. .Stephens, Whigs. \ lj-.JHI i he Democrats have also obtamejd fty tho members of Urn State X , Mr. Robert McLiuic, of Aid., rs apW | missioner to China. G lmvtro’ler lENNESSEE El.KC , T10N.— hlCCtlCH OfMM Jf nml Senatorial Mat.an. —The LegisuZ u j t fjp-H i lessee assembled in Conventiou on Up jTv..usurer the election of State Comptroller *f.'oniL<u-oJI« and VI. S. Senator, ’l'lui election oM *