Newspaper Page Text
The following extract from a letter ol an officeer
helonging to the United States' Navy, who visited Constantinuple during the late cruize ol the Colum bus, contains some interesting particulars of the manners and ceremonial of the Turkish Court, which maybe gratifying at this lime, on account ol the events which are likely to occur in that quarter of the world. " While at Constantinople, his Excellency the Engltsh Ambassador had an audience with the Grand Seignior. The famed splendor of the Su blime Porte and those scenes which generally invite the attention of all Christians to witness I he osten talion which is universally displayed on such occa siona, together with the impression that very few of my countrymen had ever been admitted thus far into the Seraglio, were motives which plead strong ly in favor of accepting the polite invitation of his excellency to accompany him. The »inter residence of the Ambassador was at his Palace in Pera, oppo site to Constantinople. There most ot the Euro Tean Ambassadors reside ; and from this place we matched to Topliana, the sea side, alter having been marshalled by the Secretary ot Legation in the loi lowing order : A large company of Janizaries, under the com-'K'dd. matul of a Colonel, dressed in the true Turkish s'.yle—next appeared the household of Ins Excel lency, in livery—here followed the Ambassador io a palanquin; carried by six slaves in red—tilth came English gentlemen, and strangers who had invita-iels tions closed the procession. At the place ol embarkation, we found Ceyqucsj waiting to transport us to the opposite side. The beauty ol this kind of boats is worthy of notice ; they are eighty leet in length and carry from 20 in 30 oars, and pull with astonishing facility—in a lew moments we were all landed on the opposite shore, where horses tor the whole party were supplied by the Sultan. 1 hey were all studs and neatly capa yisoned ; that on which the Ambassador rode '.vis < elegantly dressed in gold trappings. We proceede much in the same manner as when on Io t. As w approached the Sublime Porte, the difficulty in pa sing became very great, the streets being extrem, ly narrow, muddy, and tilled with an immense co.. oou'se ol people of both sexes and all ages, gazin with wonder and a<tomshnient at tins prodigiou procession ol infidels. VVe arrived at the outer • court without any accident, where we left our hors As we entered the great gates of the Seraglio the first sight which presented itself to our view was eight thousand Janizaries paraded without the least appearance of military order or regularity, all waning to receive their pay ai d pillage. I could nut avoid reflecting what a dtstubution of turbans anil petticoat breeches there would be. should we ie> loose hall the number ol sailors among those Alu;, Su.men. . xt length we were conducted to the Divan, whe'e were already seated the Grand Vizier. Capudan Pacha, the keeper of the pr ivate seals, and so t other officers of distinction who composed the court, The V izier was dressed in white satin ornamented a with 'ich furs; a high white turb.n completed Ins àttire —the Pacha was in green satin robes and or Oamented in the same manner. The apartment was a large squara room with a Concave ceiling, highly finished with .iriiamentall a paintings; large solas extended round the room,'beauties covered wun green silk, the back richly enrbroi 1er ed with gold; over the head ot the Grand Vizier was a small fine gta ing, behind which tht Sultan «smr.eals himsell and hears what pas.e, with In T rz.er and the Chtist.ans-we could evidently see Some person there, but could not vouch tur its be-l'U'e "'V,, , , , , r j Alter we had stared at earli other for two (no one being permitted to sit ex ept the minister.) they commenced the tedious ceiemm.y of paying eft the Janizaries, which they take cm ; to perhimi When anv Christian Mmistei fias Ins audience, 'Phis is undoubiedly intended to impress the beholderiout ?!ll C r P "u 0l K ,he "' r ' Ch " and P ower - Thc r Vurks'nSi fn«H b | BK * P ' led U " he,v ' ee "' ? l ul ^ sand " lfic els 'until they , an |ust see each « hei ; this u all taken account ol hy the Minister! ® ™ f Ce ; '! ho dlrec 1 U a 'urn sufficient to pay onejmily ..gtment, to be placed or. the Dug stones before the! door, a. equal d.stancea-the regtment a. the same. m a '"" 0US expectation on the oppo com'—a signal is then made by one of the officers, when the whole troop sun at full speed for this most enviable prize—the first who reach the spot stop to seiae the bags, when thus - Who follow precipitate the first into the dirt, and this formidable troop of heroes lie prostrate belore us—Biter recovering themselves, those who l,„,i Preparations were now made lor dinner ctnr k being pla» ed before the Grand Vizit r and ail thr r Divan, just as they were seated instate on win I, svete placed gold or silver t. avs thiee nr I ?. in diameter, of a circular form' VVe it \\,'ÙT "J treats opposite to the forks when werè ffltrô lured a dish of roasted fowls which we pulled ! hU VISIT TO COXSTAXTIXOV LE. es. *i h ° Ur the next, perhaps a öl^A bus or some other wi d game—their preserves oli an exquisite kind, wasthen handed in. In tins lier were above thirty dishes alternately bron In in', this most aoled entertainment Irom all ol wh h most plentifully with our h 7 dishes which contained th **1** j* f these vv- . . , , c *• - ? I si helped ourselves i except from those dishes which quids: for four of these w c were provided with Spoons of turtle-shell or wood—ih.se being the ly instrument to manage with. on . . I' 'urn every dish, as it was biought in the Mussulman who sa. ai the table with me, always look c B r e hel| , hilmel , first—it being considered sacrilege f or a Ch-istia' to touch it before he has a finger in the. pie. Alter we had finished our repast, perfumed water w a s brought with embroidered towels to wipe our mouths and fingers—the Mussulmen smuaked then long beards with burnt odours, the fraganct of which scented the whole room As soon as Sultan Mahmoud had done regaling ourselves 's expense, we repaired to the Court—and dressed ourselves wiih pelisses trim med with lur, that ol the Ambassador being treme'v beautiful. In a short time the D of the Sultan made hi wc at ex chômai * appearance, with informa icm to h:a JlxwUcdcj & Jtfiegomaa that ti the in Ifide/s had been clothed and fed they might he plr ! milted to appear before the mighty Mahmoud, the I Sultan of all Sultans. Two Janizaries came up and seized each ol us by the shoulders, and in thisman ner we were conducted into the presence of the grand Seignior. We passed through another gate, the where were arrayed the must hideous looking set of wretches that ever appeared in human form— ol they were a disgrace to the Turks themselves, This sallow, meagre race, were eunuchs who guar ded the Sultan. Such a mass of ugliness could not the have been generated by the ordinary course of n.i the ture. To complete this spectacle, these walking ghosts were dressed in yellow, with caps ol the same color, in the form of a sugar loaf, When we reached the presence chamber, the Sultan was seated on his throne surrounded by Ids of Court. The Ambassador made his speech, which far was translated by the Drogoman. who tepeated it to the Vizier. In answer, the Sultan, in a low and his emphatic style, addiessed htmsell to the Vizier, who repeat, d to the Ambassador's Drogoman, and be translated it to his master. During this cere mony, the Sultan never turned his head towards we the infidels, or moved a muscle ul his face, hut eyed the Mmistei with scrutinizing sevtrity. His throne was about eight feet square, of a flot surlace, andlhe three feet high, covered entirely wnh embroidered com-'K'dd. imerspersed with pearls of different shapes.ilndians Over his head was a canopy supported witn pillars'bad at each comer, which were beauttlully decorated io with piecioas stones. In the centre ol this canopy'ed was suspended a globe, elegantly adoned with j< w invita-iels ol a variety of colors—on the outer edge ol canopy were smallei globes variously ornamented, I heie were many more ornaments to this most ex traordinary piece ol furniture, which constitute too ; gnat a varieiy lor description, in Here ended our audience, and we returned grap pled in 'he 'imc ungentlemanly niannei as we en lered, bt'wcen two Janizaries who grasped our shoulders as firmly, notwithstanding we were all unarmed, as though their heads depended on nur < omnutting outiageous arts upon their Mahoniedan master. VVe found our horses ready in the outer court—we mounted and ptoceeded to the outer sine " here the Ceyques were manned and ready to take us to Pera. Tins tedious ceiemony lasted about nx hours—during which time not une ol us had 'een seated but the Ambassador, His Excellency had previously invited the • ity of the party iodine at the English Pal where we found spread 'he greaiest variety ol deli— acies which the country produced arid the appetite could desire. \\ e forgot the fatigues ol (lie day. 'he Sultan, the eunuchs, and the whole co ps ot Ja mzarics in potent libations ol exquisite wines, The sultar. Mahmoud is thirty five years of n stature rather inferior to those which the Grecian irtists of ancient times would call noble. He ha large, black, penetrating eyes, dark, swarthy com flexion small nnse, and a long black béai I, which >e appears to take much delight in stroking down I he to.ut ensemble of his features is good When I ->w him on ti e throne, he was dressed in purple mbes. with a plain turban, in Iront of which h a small plume fitted in a cluster of diamonds Near Inm lay an elegant sword, of exquisite workman ship. In Ins girdle he wore his Yatogan, ihr han die of which was studded won diam >nds, and con Tasted wi'li tile dark purple color o' Ins robe made a brilliant appearance, which eclipsed all imaginary room,'beauties There being no display of colors, mere was * simple elegance which baffles all description, Take mi visit to the Seraglio it. the aggregate, n gave me infinite satisfaction, and 1 shall ever reme'm ber it .sût, p | ea UIC . The character nf the Sul'an is of that austere na be-l'U'e winch mirks the nanor over which fair has j placed him; but the most predominant trait in his hours,'character is av arice ; it frequently extends to mean ness, and often proves fatal to the unfortunate indi v„'ual „ho ,s concerned with him or h,s govern mem. should he prove in be a G.eek or Armenian, and in possession of much wealth. Frtmientlv with the least anparent cause,«tis propeitv is confis bv the St He and the poor devil either behead "' ed or bani,he(l for life. A circumstance ot a similar nature took place at Constantinuple. a short time previous to my arrival there ; a very extensive ta onejmily of Armenians had amassed an immense pio pertv, an.l had extensive engagements with the Porte. Suddenly three or lou, o. the principals were beheaded in the mos' public nanirer, and their property confiscated to the internal avarice oi the Sultan." a majo ace, age, • ol c wore ly or, be Sultan." [K'-om Urafl'mrv's Travels i„ America 1 tl — ' , ' !" aC< °' hl ' üdvtn,urtt3 aller he had sepa r ** L,eWI8and I *rk ** pa*ty ; one of tnese. "'J 1 118 »»»RulaNty, I shall relate. On the arrival ?. he pa ,y °" ,he b* 8 ' 1 v ' M,era uf 'he Missouri, ^°" er ' ob ' e ' vl "K the appearance of abundance of *""* ^ "> remain and hU ' for . ! '"" ,a "me. which he (lid ,n company with COLTER'S ESCAPE FROM TUB Itl.ACK FEET INDIANS. "t^ nmntrj ïoTsT'Tm UtaT'?' A waters ol th ■ Vi, V ™ e . he d nian-iseoarate.' f ■ mi ' Dixon „a?"*' a°" n 8 hc had homer , a in trapped in campant "Uh r . ed Potts ; and aware ol the hostility b ?' k ect l|,dlan!> > olle ol whom had been j* 4111 d * >V Uw,s ,hev scl 'heir naps at m K ht, and took them up eatly mthe monnm,,, remaninm con e examining their rmmrr , | 0, L e r U !T 8 V, naC,Cck ' aUu ' ilh,xn,ile8 ' hdl; " anch 1 ' hc M'ssouri cailed Jefferson's ork , and wee ascending in a canoe when dieyj suddenly heard a g,eat noise, resembling the tramp I'ng of animals ; bu, Urey could no, ascertain the 'act as the high perpendicular banks on ea< h side! ? ' 7 r ' ver ,na i )etled thelr view. Colter immediate-!. Juix y e< . be '^casioned hy Indians, and, ad .serf an instant retreat but was ac used of cow I a ty ol Indians making the appearance on both si es of ihe creek, to me amount of hve wrsix bun .he htado Turn ?*»*, T' r * C °. Uer ', turned , , . ■ ' ' ' hore * ar - d the mo ment ut ns touch.,.g, an Indian seized the rtfle be-; I cealed during the day. They we 1 Idftging to Potts; but Coltcf, who w a ffcfOarkablyj strong man, immediately relookant! handed it toi Potts, who remained in the canoe, and on receiving it, pushed off into the river. He had srartely quit ted the shore when an arrow was shot at him, and he cried out ' Coller 1 am wounded.' Colter remon-ibeen strated with him on the folly ol attempting to es-'by cape, and urged him to come ashore. Instead ol complying, he instantly levelled his nfle at an dian, and shot him dead on the spot. This conduct, situated as he was, may appear to have been an act ol madness, but it was doubtless the effect of sud den, but sound reasoning ; for tl taken alive, he must have expected to be toitured to death accoid ing to their custom. He was instantly pierced win, ariows, so numerous, that, to use ttie language ol Colter, he was made a riddle ol. They now seized Colter, stripped him entirely naked, and began to consult on the manner he should be put to death, They were first inclined to set him up as a msikto shoot at, nut the duel imerieied. and seizing him by the shoulder, asked him if he could run last : Colter who had been some time amongst the kec kal-sa, or Crew Indians, had, in a considerable de plr the and the set not n.i the the Ids it gree, aequo cd the Blackluot language, and was also well acquainted with Indian customs ; he knew that andlhe had to run for Ins Die, with the dteadlui odds ol five or six hundred against him, and those armed shapes.ilndians ; therefore lunningly replied lie was a very pillars'bad runner, although he Was consuleied by the hutt ters as remarkably switt. The chtel now command the party to remain stationary, and led Colter w- .out on the prattle tin ee or tout bundled yards, and thisjreleased Inm bidding him to save himself if lie could — At that instant the horrid war whoop soun deal m the eats of poor Colter, who urged with the hope ol perseiving lilt-, ran with a s, erd at winch he was himsell surprised. He proceeded towards the Jefferson Fork, having to travtrse a plain six miles in breadth, abounding with the p n kly pea> oti which he was treading every install wi.lr Iris nakcu leer. He ran neariy halt way across rtie plain ''clore he vemuied io look over his shoulder, when e perceived that the Indians were veiy much scat lered, and (hut he had run to a considerable distance from It e mam body ; but one Indian, who cat rtetl a spear, was much belote all the rest, and not inoic than a tinnu.-ed yards fiom him. A taint giiatn ol hope no* cheered the heart o' Loiter ; he derived confidence h orn the belief that escupe was within the bounds of possibility, but tht confidence was nearly latal to hint, lor lie exertco himsell to such a degree, that the blood gushed Irom his nos'rils and so'in aunosi coveted the lor. part ol his boujr —He now arrived within a mile oi the liver, when he distinctly heaid the appalling sound ot lontsleps behind him, and every install' expected to (eel the spear ol the pursurer. he lurned his head and saw the savage nor 20 yard trom him. De ermined, it possible to avoid the pected blow, lie suddenly stopped, turned round and spread out his arms. Agai i file Indian, surprised by the suddenness ol the action and perhaps at the bloody appearance ol Colter, also attempted to stop, but exhausted with running, he fell whilst endea • oring to throw his spear which stiiirk in the ground and bioke in his hand. Cutter in«tantly snatched up the potn'ed pan and pinned him to tin eanh, and then continued ins fright, ol the Indians, on arriving at the place, stopped till other* came to join them, when they set up a hi deous yell. Every moment of this lime moved by Culler, who although tainting and hausled. succeeded in gaming the skirling of the cotton Wnot' trees, on the boideis of the Folk, through which lie ran, and plunged into the rivei. For unaitly lor him. a little below this piace theie was an island ; against the upper point of which a rail ol drill timoei had lodgid, he dived under the ralt, and alter several efforts got his head above water amongst the Iiuiiks of trees, covered t The fo-emost was im rx ove with smallei wood loi lie depth of several leet. Scarce ly had he secured himsell, when the Indians arrive or, (lie r iver, screeching and yelling, as Colter ex pressed it, " like so many devils. They were lie quently on the rail during the day ai d were seen through the chinks hy Colter who was congratulai mg tiimsell on his escape when the idea arose tha' they might set the rati on fire. In horrible suspense be remained until night, when hearing no mate ot 'he Indians, lie dived under the raft at d swam si lently down the river to a considerable distance, when he landed and travelled all night_Although happy in his having est aped Irom the Indians, In situation was still dreadful; he was completely ked undei a burning sun ; the soles of his feet entirely filled with the thorns of the prickly pear; he was hungry, and bail no means ol killing game, although lie saw abundance around him and was at least seven day's journey Irom Lisa's Fort, on the Bighorn branch of the Roche Jaune river. These are circumstances under which almost any man but an Amencan humer would have despaired. He ar rived at the lort in seven days, havn g subsisted on much esteemed bv the Indians ol the Missouri, now known by naturalists as Psoralen esculentu. ' na were at We a txiot Boston, Oct. 14. RRIGUTOX TOASTS. At the Anniversary Dinner on the 1st dav of the ? ^ a, ' d Vur - at Wednesday tl,e, e were a number of good, some co ,,pli and a few sparkling Toasts dunk. VVe have room only for a few of them, n .. r , „ 1 ht ; on the land—the Keel on the se N1 ay'he first run deep and both run dear ; and ' v '" > d 'he handle or the helm, find hunur ,. Tls rw/ , , , , . .. r 7 on . the i a nd—the Keel on the sea— ai | . ™, find hunur and. levv " ru - t ° ur . mo 'hef Earth—May those have the best s/rare in her affections, who take the ploughshare T , '' : . orld ' _A K' eat Cattle Show, where the best W a ' e th ° 8 ' ara "»« ^fleshy nor u« J ' l he noblest part of our Exhibition—that which 18 abuv e price, and needs no premium—tho Show a of New England Yeomanry. .. the Quincy— 1 The Presidential Ploughing »X George Blake, E«q._ The American -'loud, ™ and the American Prow— M av ih.i- u "i, U ry on the fiai» „ cm 5 C ^ * tJ ' 18 I pay Manufdddflj (U Waltham The deQt-i en toi rain during the present season, his caused *7 ° injury to the profits of a large manufacturé , 8 ' e,t blishmenl in this vicinity. The Waltham T*' T**' and which employs between 7 and 8000 shiihII^ T*'' remon-ibeen deprived of mote than half its water n US es-'by the drought; and this circumstance has ol ally diminished the dividend ol the Stock hohl "" In-|()n Tuesday last, the semi annual dividend^" paid, amounting only to 12} per cent.; W | u i s , l Vas act season, the profits were 30 per cent, per anim' *** I he conduct of the stockholders and manse m ~r he this establishment deserve all praise. TllevT ™ paid the highest salaries to their agents, andoi ' a,e sequence have commanded theservices'of the ol scieni lie ingenious and practical men in t|, c munity to conduct their affairs ; through to abilities, they have been enabled to render r stork the inoat valuable investment in New land. : also ol and lie the con. in, Imitations of the Waltham cottons have been sent from England to this country, for sale; but ih English manulacturet cannot make an equal f abr| ' at the same price. The imitation is thickemd flour to give it the appearance ol firmness, merchants who require such articles lor tion find it more lor their interest with I hose exporta, to purchase the real Waltham cotton cloth, than the imitaiiun.n*. withstanding the drawback materially reduces the I Huston Eve, Oaz, price. Manufactures in Kentucky —Our bagging f JC . tories, (says the Kentucky Heporter.) aie in full operation. Mr. Brand's, lately destroyed by fii t has been rebuilt, and is now turning out daily m usual quantity. Mr. I. E. Boswell, Mr J. Smith Mr. J.Wcir. Messrs Nelson £e Smith, and Messrs' Richardson & Higgins, have eac h a number of hands employed—and Messrs. Mouton, Bruce and Gratz have lately ci mmenced the tame business; mak ng in all seven bagging factories now in opera' tint! in this town. We do not know the number of hands oi looms employed, but the demand will U supplied. six Iris o' oi TIIRESH1XG MACH 1XE. Among thi^most remarkable inventions exhibited at Brighton, last week, the threshing machine hy Mr. Joseph Pope, forme'ly of Boston. VVe do not protess much judgment in this department ; but this machine impressed us with the belief of iti singular adaptation to the purpose lor which it was designed. It can be easily carried about by two men and carried from place to place. It is extreme ly simple in the construction, cannot easily be gut ut ol order, and any injury it may receive can be lepaired wuhnut difficulty. With this implement we an- assured one man and a boy, or 2 men, cal) thresh .in bushels ol wheat in 12 hours. This as sertion we have »o leason to doubt, and we think the invention admirably calculated for our small larms—and when constructed upon a larger scale, nothing could be belter for the extensive wheat gtowers in Maryland and Vnginia. was From the Philadelphia Utilance. EMIGRA I ION.— VVe have it in contemplation to call a meeting for a re Exportation Society. Too long have the deluded children of Europe been t lir ust upon our shores hy the bloated and unwhole some state of the mother coun ties. Eveiy dav are our ears annoyed by the comparisons between Ame rica and Europe. VVe hope each complainant will be suffered to go back, and have his voyage expen ses paid, with tiiis proviso—Ac never shall return. According to the declarations of many within our knowledge, there is not a production in the United States, eitliei natural or artificial, equal to a certain little island about the size of the state of Pennsyl vania, which, nevertheless, comprehends England, Scotland and Ireland. It has heretofore been our inclination to encour age emigration, and we still feel a disposition to w Icome the honest foreigner to our shores. But we should act as any man would, who possessed a mansion at which "weary travellers were wont to ' all. as long as they behave themselves, treat thun kindly—when ihey find fault with your buildings, your farm, Sic. suffer ihem to depart as they came —say to them this land is not good enough for you, depart to the regions frmn wheni e you came, the price ol your carrying shall he paid. America wants no addition ol murmurers. The honest and industrious are welcome to her shore» j 'mji the ignorant babbler and the factious discontent«! who fly from the justice ol Europe to find protec tion here, should be taught to leel that justice) though lenient and blind, is not deaf. From Rdf's Philadelphia Gazette. communicatioh. It is due to the public to state a recent oecurrencB at the office of the "Columbian Une" from this city to New York, situated No. 3, Market street near the Ferry, that passengers in tuture may bo rendered more careful. A young gen-teman recently took his passage to New Yo.k and stopped into the office on his way to the Boar, for the purpose of paying the agent (of the prop letors.) his passage money, and drew oui i purse tor that purpose. money fifty-five dollars i It was empty .—The ,. notes rolled together had |been hastily thrust in the pocket, but not in the and was carelessly drawn out with tiie purse and left unperceived by the passenger on the floor. Alarmed at his loss, he hastily withdrew to search* under an impression he had inadvertently left the '»T? at ' UHne - In the mean time the proprietors auith " ri **d agent. Joseph E. Fisher, picked the money up in the office, counted and Docketed it. The passenger returned and made ennuiriea, buC the agen, thought proper to keep his gTd luck »cc 1 « until the passenger had gone. No reward ilad y et bt " el1 offered, confidingiu the honesty of tho a R er ". and never suspecting hitn to he actually in possession of the money, the unfortunate passenger, the liberal reward of Twenty Dollars Tbe a Rent the next day acknowledged himself to ™ actually tost, immediately picked U P' and known to be the property of the young man wba bad > it rente,nbe^ne Inlo tZß^tP pay a part of it away.