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American watchman. (Wilmington, Del.) 1814-1822, March 08, 1822, Image 2

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in the neighborhood of
Franklin, Franklin county. Hans Hosman, a vene
rable Dutchman of the old school of that methodi
cal and straight forward nation. Hans, as he was
familiarly tailed by every white headed urchin of
the neighborhood, was a genius of no ordinary cha
racter, particularly for a Dutchman. The milk of
human kindness was contained in his composition
in no small proportion ; and very few circumstan
ces could call forth other feelings in his heart, than
those of the most extensive philanthropy. Hans
was a poet withal ; and though he could not write,
and barely possessed sufficient literature to enable!
him to read,- he yet found a resource in retentive
Tr.emory,«which enabled him to preserve for his,
edification, the muse. He often complained that-as
the roughness of the English language, which he
said was ill adapted to high poetical composition,—
narrowed the sphere cf his usefulness and controul
ed, in a degree, his efforts to cultivate and civilize
the natives of the country. 'He, however, was no
thing daunted by this difficulty ; but made astonish
ing efforts to overcome it, confessing tirât his com
plete want of success might possibly be attributed
to his slight acquaintance with the gramatical con
»'ruction of this, or indeed any other language —'
lfans was fond of his bottle and adored his pipe —
He was wont to say that if any thing could over- ;
come the rigidness of our tongue, it was the com-fand
fortable inspiration of the Indian weed I beg, Mr
Editor, you wilt not for a moment suppose that this
was the name he gave to that delightful stimulant,
On the contrary, he ever stoutly maintained that
the appropriation of the nativity of this plant by our
countrymen to their own soil, was a striking evi-1
dence of that overweening vanity which was their 1
characteristic foible, and which all good Dutchmen
were bound tc oppose to their last whiff- He man
fully asserted the right of Holland to the glory of
Fyomlht.l&c.hippi Rrfabhcäs.
Div.d—A t
having given it birth, and uniformly instanced it
as one of the many benefits which Europe and es
pecially Fader Land, had conferred on this western
One of his most favored compositions was in
praise of this his prime favorite, and luckily for
mankind it has been immortalized ; having been
committed to paper by an ingenious schoolmaster
of the neighborhood, who had learned to write —
After his'death it was found in a small box con
taining his entire library, consisting of a Dutch
bible and an almanack printed in 1797, the year
he left Pennsylvania, where he was born, and so
journed in this barbarous land ; an event which, he
contended, evinced little less hardihood of charac
ter. than of yore, distinguished his ancestors in
their pilgrimage to the banks of the Hudson. It
was neatly folded in the aforesaid almanac, a book
which the good man always deemed one of his most
especial treasures; but which, by the force of
thumbing, is now nearly lost to the world. He
regularly resorted to it to -learn the day of the
month, the changes of the moon, her rising and
retting, as also the rising and setting of the sun; a
but it was more especially his oracle on the subject
of the weather, and it was his constant practice tof?
-consult it before undertaking any affair of great
importance, such as paying a visit to a neighbor,
planting or cutting his tobacco and other trar.sac
lions of equal weight in his uniform life. 'Tistrue
the aforesaid planets oftentimes most capriciously?
flew in the face of his oracle, manifestly setting at!°
defiance its prognostications; but this never once 1
staggered his faith in its complete authenticity.—
He used to say, that their strange conduct
must be attributed to their new fangled notions ex
isting in this latter world on various subjects, par
ticularly the sovereign-contempt for three pair of
breeches, which his neighbors never affected t0 h
conceal, and their obstinate adherance to modes of "
cultivating the earth, which, as they did not agree'J"
to his own, he heartily detested. With re(?alt] t0 T
the weather too, he was frequently at a loss toac-.,
count for the burning sun under which he suffered,! !°
when he was to "look out for a severe storm of,
snow, and cold frosty wheather, about these days."
If any thing called him from home when *mh
fearful words as these had been anxiously spelled'
out by him opposite to the day of the month fixed)
for his journey, he was sure to add to his habila-j
ments all the breeches, coals and great coats which!
his ample wardrobe contained—and, while labor- 1 ?
ing under their weight, has been heard to decla.e;
shoows and vrosts vas mity tifferent dings in -,
hint's gundree." He persevered, however,,n wear-!*
in g the additional garments, and always congratu
lated himself on his arrival at his own comfortable
mansion, that he had suffered much less with cold,
than he could have expected. But it is time to re
ward your patience by closing this article with the \
metrical chef d'œuvre of the good man's, before
mentioned, which is copied verbatim et literatim .
irom tne manuscript of the aforesaid erudite school
lna8tel ..
Lins on Tobarer.
O tobaker is a werry bretty vede,
Unt gros in Ferginny, Caneduck and Denasee also ;
Unt in meny uder lairge douns dat 1 hav zede,
Unt is the very firse of gumferts vur at mens I no.
Sum vellurs ven tabaker dey virst hekin vur du daik
At virst dey are very sic and make ugle faisies,
But I always lufd it petter als a gaik,
Ur eny ding dat vun can git in dis here doun,
The last verse I consider as much superior to
the rest, and exhibits considerable improvement in
Hans' command of language. Doubtless the affec
tionate remembrance of the frank acknowledgement
of his wife, on her conversion from the error of
her ways to a proper attachment to tobacco, added
vigor to his imagination.
My vife vas verry berty ver, I marryt hur,
But she voud skole and boder pout mine bipe ;
But afore do hur krave my nabors karryt hur,
She vowd ske luvd it petter als she kud speek.
It is as follows i
Translated for the Federal Gazette.
Extract from the Marylanclische Teutche Keitung,
of January 16th, 1822.
" Perhaps mar.y of our readers are acquainted
with the history of the ghost of the castle of
Schnellen, which, according to the multiplied re
cords of the inhabitants of that part of Germany,
is commonly heard before the breaking out of heavy
An article of the Journal of Frankfort, ol
the 1 6 th ol August, 1821 informs that the same
had again made its appearance
follows :
The article is as
Ekiiach, (in Odenwald.) Aug. 10.
1 he Castle spirit has again begun his expedition
from Schnellen to Rottenstein. This event took
place in the night of the 8th to the 9th of August.'
of From the recorded accounts that were, as usoal,
taken on that subject, the following has been tratis
cribed;—A little before midnight a frightful noise,
was heard in all the surrounding country, which ap
of peared to come from the ruins of the castle of
Schnellen ; with every second the tumult increas
of ed, and a sound similar to the thunder of cannons
was distinctly heard ; soon alter, a noise as if a
train of artillery, baggage waggons and such like
heavy carriages in hundreds were passing in full
gallop ; in the mean time a noise was heard in the
air as if every storm,-and the most tremendous
hurricane were let loose to rage: and yet not the
least commotion was perceived, even in the small
his, est trees. In the midst of this tumult it appeared
that-as if-a thousand voices were crying out—hurrah!
he and halloh ' and amongst these sounds were heard
trumpets, alternating with the noise of drums and
of dreadful howling and barking of dogs ; but the
neighing of horses and the rattling of arms were
the most distinctly heard- The united inhabitants
of all the adjacent villages, viz. those of Oberkein
sback. Lagan Brobach, Heinback, Bellstein, Grund
bach, Eberbach, ObergesprinU, Kirchburfurt, Rei
choltzheim, witnessed this frightful spectacle,—
—' Which lasted almost two full hours, and at last be
— came so bad that every wish to hear or see it ceas
; ed ; the hellish noise was even heard at Ashholder
com-fand Wolbach. All the inhabitants of that neigh
borhood declare, that never any thing like this was
heard before; and those of Oberkeinsbach, who
have often beard of the expedition of the spirit of
'Schnelleres castle, declare that the former ones
can by no means be compared to the present, and
that-nothing else was expected than the approach
1 ing end of the world On former occasions, nothing
was seen ; but on this, after the noisy army had
entered Rotenstein, a blood red horse, surrounded
of on all sides by fiery horsemen -and a great many
black clouds in the shape of coffins, were seen to-
wards the east, which finally dissolved into blood,
and a stream of fire which seemed to carry on and
bury all in its torrent, and disappeared in a most
extraordinary crash, such as if mountains were fall-
ing down ; after which the sky appeared serene &
thestars shone with their greatest lustre. Let this
be what it will, such an extraordinary apparition
remains at any rate, a most frightful event, of which
more than one thousand people have been both ear
and eye witnesses ; and though it should -not an-
nounce the approach of the last day, it certainly
indicates dreadful things to come, and for which
we may look with awful expectation. How long
the ghost will remain at Rotenstein, time only will
-W. B.
SALEM, March 1.— The friends—Communica
tec *— bbe accou nt in the last Gazette of the un.
happy difHculties in the Friends Society was imper
fect - h should have been mentioned, that on the
sam e day the four persons were examined before
Ju,tlce Tucker, four Quakers of the other party,
a "d the master of the work house in Lynn, were
eXaminet ) before Justice Bwzeltine in Lynn,-upon
tof? COI ^plajnt for an assault and battery, and lalse
'imprisonment, by taking Benjamin Shav> (now in
Salem l al! for declining to recognize) forcibly out
01 tbe ' rientls ' meeting house in Lytm, in the morn
'"8 of 'he Sunday previous, and carrying him to
, c work house, and confining him iherere*until 8
at!° clock ,n the evenin S* They were ordered by the
1 magistrate to îecognize for their appearance at the
Cour 'of Common Pleas, and obeyed the order.
To the Editor of the Daily Advertiser
T r e r . , „ ,
*" discharge frf my duty towards God, I appre
h end myself called on, publicity to expose my sen.
" m . en,s re ' at ' on , t0 th ' la, ? r unprecedented corn
01 ' 008 ,n , the b " clety of Fnendc :n L y nn * which
T- ave ca used such a general excitement of curiosity,
er ' »"d'RTnat.on, pity and disgust. There has
!° r several yu a '^een a number increasmg in the
who have seen through Us superstitions, U
" sorrow the degenerate condition of its
' b <= holy walking, and
1 et L? zea , George I-ox am, his colempora
f' Ca ' b * ve 3 Ç en tha ' the vital spirit and holy
W WaS ^ e . sus ' bas become nearly lost
\ profession among us; and 'nits
1 ? ? U ' e external singularities, which those faith
, U '"T °[ f glorious morning of that reformed
-, oon 11 ex Pf t lent l b em 1° observe, have,
0 * b '? generation, become oijects, not only of
P ers ,lons veneration, but of contention; fixing an
idolatrous estimate on the high benches* in the Mee
in ^ , ous ?' '7 V c ^ were: originally intended to assist
a % eaker in be ! n S heard > b 7 elevating his position,
\ a,e a ,? oc , 1 ?^ be aii brethren ;
avin S n ° Head but Christ-,—calling no maB master]
. ~ no one among us holding the prerogative of win
,ttTa,nr ■ lull S c < or ot Counsellor ,, or of Jid
mimstrator of Justice ; but all these things are to
be determined by God, who we profess to believe,
reveals His will immediately to the Soul ; anil that
our decisions are to be made agreeably to His will,
by a unanimous consent of the Body ; but within a
lew months past, by a stretch of power unparalleled
on our records, thir truly Christian mode of govern
ment has been laid aside by a number in the So
ciety who have usurped unto themselves the whole
authority of our meetings ; and agreeably to this
mode of procceedure, have excommunicated four
of our members, contrary to the feelings and judg
ment of many, whose characters in every shape
whatever, might be ranked among those who salt
the earth. Three of these excommunicated per
sons are now imprisoned in Salem Gaol. Another
who is a member of the society is also committed
with them. 1 wo of these men have in many of
their movements exhibited those aberrations, which
have always more or less accompanied all reforma
tions. An untempered zeal has at times marked
the actions of some ol the best men, occasioned by
acting under too forcible an excitement ; Which has
disgusted the philosophic mind. These men I be
lieve to have acted indisenarge of what they appre
hended to be conscience towards God ; and served
him agreeably to their knowledge of his will-, and
that they are now imprisoned, as much for con
science-sake as the founders of this Society were, in
the day of their religious controversy with the great
mass of Christian professors.
I am one in profes
sion witli this people, I unite in spirit with all who
love God ;—And my soul, unbound from the chains
of sectarian prejudice, is
"Slave to no sect, and takes no private road—"But
looks through nature, up to Nature's God."
Mary newhall.
Lynn, 2d mo. 25, 1822.
Ily late papers from Mexico which have been
received in this city, it appears that the whole ol
that city is independent and tranquilly proceeding
to organize its government. The following passage
from a proclamation of the regency of Mexico,—
announcing the form of election, induces the be
lief that the regency do not consider the treaty ol
Iguala as binding upon the nation ;
■" The sovereign junta has ordained the installa
tion of a national congress, which will unite all the
intelligence necessary to establish a constitution
suited to the circumstances of the empire, where
the legislative power is confided to a national re
presentation, in order that it may be justly said that
the resolutions of the congress, and the constitution
they establish, is the legitimate expression of the
will of the inhabitants of this empire.
" Exercise, therefore, citizens, the noble right ol
suffrage to which the regency invite you. Remem
ber that the object of assembling this congress is,
that it should proceed to perfect and consolidates
constitution, suited to the independence of the na
tion, which will discuss measures calculated to give
stability to the empire, to secure its happiness and
to promote its glory. This is tire plan of this great
The manner of electing deputies does not very
essentially differ from that prescribed by the con
stitution of Spain. It is made imperative on some
of the provinces to choose one deputy from among
the secular clergy, one from'the army, and one ci
ther a magistrate, a lawyer, or a literary man
Mexico is moreover obliged to send a miner and
a nobleman ; Guadalaxara, a merchant ; Vera Cruz
a merchant ; Puebla, a mechanic ; Nueva Biscay
za, a farmer ; and so forth.
The deputies were to meet in Mexico on the 15th
February, 1822; to deliver their certificates to the
regency on the 15th; and the congress was tobe
assembled on the 24th of that month. |
As soon as the deputies meet, they are to be di
vided into two bodies of equal numbers and with the
same powers ; so that thelaws which originate in
one chamber may be revised in the other
The following statement shews the number of
intendencies, districts ; and deputies chosen from
Vera Cruz
St. Luis Potosi
Government of
Departments, Deputies, Prox's.
4 .
eastern internal
Government of
New Leon
New Santander
western internal
New Mexico
Government of
Lower California
Upper California
The papers contain other interesting particulars
which may be mentioned hereafter. We will only
add at present the following.
By the 12th article of the treaty of Iguala, all the
inhabitants of New Spain, without any distinction,
Europeans, Africansand Indians, are declared to be
citizens, and may hold any ofllcci according to their
merit— -JVat. Intel.
The legislature of Upper Canada have voted to
send their attorney general to England, to complain
of the lower province for withholding from the up.
•per, its proper share of the revenue. It is report
ed the two provinces are to be united into one ;—
the parliament to meet at Montreal, and to consist
of twenty five members from each province—and
twenty five Eutopeans. The assembly has passed
a resolve of censure on a Mr Richardson of the
council. The council has recriminated on the as
sembly. The governor has again submitted the
perplexing subject of the appropriations.
The assembly imputed to Mr Richardson the
uttering of words reflecting on their loyalty and ho
nor-such as that there was a secret committee in
the assembly, which might he converted into a
committee of the public safety, which establish
ment only took place In times of revolution and
trouble—that they might he deliberating on a gov
emor of their choice, and on the removal of the
person now in the castle—that no dfie knew but
that there might be a first consul put into the
tie instead of the governor, &c.
The assembly applied to the legislative council
to punish said Richardson ; and to the governor to
remove him from office. They both tefered ; and
the affair remains a new cause of irritation, where
there has hitherto been but little harmony,
are credibly informed, says the Niagara Gleaner,
that a number of gentlemen in lower Canada, have
associated themselves together, to endeavor to pre
vent any frauds being committed at the custom
house in Quebec, next summer, by flour, slaves
timber, coming from the United States and
tered as the growth or produce of Canada —
The cork ieo, or a lawyer's couraoe— Mr
J-) a facetious attorney, wore a cork leg, mai
in admirable imitation of a real one. Having
dispute with a stranger about the different effects
of pain produced upon individuals, he proposed to
elucidate this fact by immediately trying which
could bear to hold his leg longest in hot water ;
he who gave in first to pay glasses to the company
Plie stranger, pot valiant, accepted the challenge ;
pails were brought in smoking hot ; the lawyer
immersed his leg with seeming pain, the other
did the same, and with many aukward gestures,
boldly persevered for about half a minute, keeping
his eye fixed upon his opponent, who grinned, dis.
lorted his features and wliew'd w if really agonized.
At length unable to bear longer torture, the stran
ger snatched out his parboiled limb, and declare,;
himself vanquished—at the same time excluimin
" that man must be a devil incarnate, or he never
could bear it ;" and seeing J-in no lia 3 te to
leave his situation, said with much feeling, "f c .
Heaven's sake desist—you'll surely lose your lei-."
" And il I do, ( replied the other, taking it delibe
rately out of the water,) I can buy another; th e?
are only ten dollars a piece." The stranger find.
' ing he had been vainly contending with a cork leg
was highly exasperated at the deception ; and swore
he would commence an action for assault and bat
tery. You had better call it scakling and burning,
replied the lawyer ; it is a new case and will afford
the counsel some fun.
We learn that a law was passed about the close
of the late session of the legislature of this state
the provisions of which are interesting to many
of our readers. We have not been able to obtain,
nor have we yet seen,'a copy of the law ; but the
following, we learn, are among its provisions ;_
Importers of foreign goods are required to take
out a license, fur which they must pay fifty dol.
Lottery brokers in the city of Baltimore to
a license tax of two hundred dollars.
Retailers of wines and dry goods to pay a license
tax of sixteen dollars.
We shall publish the law at length as soon as tve
can put hands upon it.— American.
Letters from Lord Cochrane, to the 6th of De
cember, had been received in Mexico,
hourly expected at Acapulco- He had composed
all matters with General San Martin. Indeed he
had only insisted on keeping his engagements with
the seamen, whom he punctually paid
It is proper to s'ate, for the information of
sons who receive military pensions from the United
States, that no act has yet passed Congress, appro
priating funds for the payment of those pensions.
No funds, of course, have been transmitted to tho
agents, to enable them to meet the semi-annual pay
ments due on the fourth of the present month. It
u, therefore, advisable that those concerned should
delay their applications, until notice shall be given
of the appropriation having beut made, which shall
be done as soon as the fact is ascertained. A bill
for the purpose is now on its passage in the House
of Representatives, and many days cannot be expec
ted to elapse before it passed.— Wash. City Gaz.
Capt Barron is at present in this city, under the
care of Dr Physick. We understand, that during
his confinement, he has invented and constructed u
machine for washing and mangling linen and other
articles of fine clothing, which for its saving of labor,
and expedition of operation, is highly approved and
getting into general use. Thus it would seem, that
our Navy Officers, whether afloat or housed ars
always int*nt on subjects of genius and usefulness.
A letter from Kingston, (Jam.) of the 8th ult,
ceived at New York, says—"By letters from Lon
don ol the 3d January, I am informed that
Ministers have made known their intentions as to
the intercourse shortly to take place between Ame
rican and the British West Indies, whence Sugar,
Rum,Coffee, See. are tobe remitted in any quantity
to be exported ; and there appears only one diffi
culty to be overcome, which is, the countervailing
duties they are anxious should be imposed by the
authority of Parliament, in place of the Colonial
Legislatures. This must be submitted to rather
than forego ths boon conceded, which is much more
than was ever contemplated."
He was
From the Papers by the Aurora at Charleston.
The account of the relations between Russia 8c
Turkey is of hostile character- Tha following
extracts :
Semlin December 13. Respecting the events
which took place at Constantinople on the 58th No
vember, the following accounts are in circulation
since yesterday at Belgrade, the truth of which,
however, we cannot warrant.
The capital of the
1 urkish Empire, which was thrown into great agi
tation by the numerous troops from all quarters was
filled with terror on the 28th November, by a great
fire, by which a third part of the suburbs is said
to have been reduced to ashes. The Janissaritr,
who were probably the authors ofthe fire, by which
are stated to have forced their way into the Seraglio,
and to have torn from his lather the only scion of
Imperial Family, the Prince Abdul Hamid (horn
6th March, 1813.) It is probable that fears were
entertained for the Sultan's life in this violent scent,
which was attended with blood shed, and hence the
news of his being murdered was at the first moment
generally credited, even in the capital. Flushed
with their success in seizing the Prince, the Jani
saries are said to have peremptorily required from
the Sultan, as an indispensible condition, that he
sh*uld deliver up three offfls ministers, one of whom
was Haled Effendi, who is generally hated, and also
that their deputies should preside in the Divan.
These accounts received at Belgrade, which
down to the 1st. December, leave no doubt that
Sultan Mahmoud is still living ; but it may easily
be conceived in what an uneasy situation lie finds
himself. Accounts which come down to the 6tb
Decern r have been received by express at Belgrade
from Seres. According to these the Turks had
really been for some days in possession of the outer
foi tifications of wthout striking a blow, out of strata
gem, as it said which afterwards cost the Turks who
had entered their lives. In the Morea affairs are
favorable to the Greeks. The celebrated Churschid
I acha ts said to have been defeated near Thermo'
pylae, and thereupon to have offered large sumsfo*
the ransom ofhis harem, taken in Tripolizxa by
the Greeks, but on receiving a refusal from Deme
trius Ypsilanti, to have suddenly disappeared.—
Algemein Zeitung, December 25.
Petersburg!!, December 11. His Majesty the
Emperor has addressed an Ukase to the Senate,
respecting the ports of the Euxine end Sea of Azaff
lo regulate the affairs of commerce, and to insure
the execution of the quarrantine laws, the Civil
Governors of Odessa, and of Theodosia, are to be
for the future, under the orders of the Militär/
Governor of Cherson.
Frontiers of Moldavia, Dec. 9.
The Turks near the Pruth are accostomed
lead their horses to drink in that river. On the
Gth one of these horses broke loose and swam W
the right bank. The turks demanded it back • as
the Cbssaks did not immediately give it up thirty
six cr forty Turks swant on horse-back over fr'

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