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City of Lima _This city is built quite in Hie antique style. The streets are regular, though badly paved, and exceedingly dirty. Excepting the churches and convents, which are very minier «-us, the exterior of the buildings is quite ordinary, although they ate very comfortable, and the interi or ol them very fine.—1 he inhabitants generally eppear to be slothful, and are fond of silting chatting in the coffee houses. Labor, as well as living is exceedingly dear. Commerce has yet a stand; but a great deal of business lias been done| Lere, and doubtless is about to revive and increase. —Morning Chronicle. J\/rio X h March 2 Bold and ingenious villa,ny°-A short Bme .ttimee. a fellow called at the house of Mr D . a sea captain in the Cuba trade, whose long absence and«d situation be bad learned by some means. EnquU ing for Mrs D , he asked her if her husband had arrived, or if she had heard from him ; told herbe saw him in Havanna where capt D. had acciden-' "tally come, and purchased a box of china, &c. from an Indiaman wrecked near that port ; and as he M'as not bound directly borne, lie had sent the goods' to Mrs, D. by the informant; had some fine birds and Iruit lie intended to send, &c. but the vessel sailing unexpectedly, the honest man had come off without a letter or any thing else from capt D. but •the china ware, which his lady could have on j»ay ment of five dollars freight and charges The fel-; low regretted the disappointment of Mrs D. in the fruit and birds, and kindly pressed upon her child t en some fine oranges he said he had brought froml Havanna, and in the goodness of his heart insisted ! giving the lady a fine parrot of his own—and on borrowed from her a cage to bring it up in. Mrs D. had been too anxious to hear from her husband, to suspect any fraud in the story ; and gave the man a five dollar bill (rom a sum she had that day received from the Mechanic's bank. The fellow returned in a few minutes, saying he hid occasion to stop in a grocery, where the note was suspect ed ; and wished another for it, which he received from the same roll ; and then departed with thanks to the lady ;—the two bills and cage in. his posses sion- Not seeing or heating any more of the man, Jvlrs D. looked at the returned hill and found it to Be of a different bank from the one given ; and il •proving on examination to be a counterfeit, she was at no loss to determine the character of the impo -«ition, but unable to discover any traces of the finished cheat who committed it. On the arrival, however, in good health, a few days after, of capt J)., who had not been near Havanna, or sent anj thing home ; though confirmed in the fraud of the importer, she was too well satisfied to regard her disappointment. The following summary of a case which came before the New York Common Pleas this term, is preserved for the interest it is thought to possess in relation to the commercial community. Some months ago, the defendant in this cause shipped on board a vessel bound to Baltimore and owned by the pi lintiff, a box marked Fowler Sc Si/"-i ford, Putman, Ohio. This box, having'no other [ mark on it, was placed heedlessly in the hold,_[crowded with the marked side down. During the voyage,-lucrative th.e crew were suddenly alarmed by smoke issuing! from the hold ; the vessel was supposed to be on fire The hatches were immediately thrown up, and, the captain rushed down to discover the cause, but!6 nas presently hauled out torpid and nearly lifeless,' from the intense mephitic vapor he had inhaled ;_ and cruld discover nothing of the cause cf the! mischief. The mate next adventured and fared in ! the sa ne manner, being dragged out in a few sec- j ords, in the agonies cf suffocation. Recourse wasl then had to throwing down water, till the smoke: tuid noxious vapour was sornewh it dissipated, when' examination was made and the mischief found to 1 proceed from the box in question, which was taken! out upon the deck and then, for the first, was found:his to contain some bottles of aqua fortis, which b»i:ak-| ing out, had burnt through one corner of the box,' and run down i-pon the -cargo below. The damage occasioned to the cargo alone was estimated at 81U0j'?** —This the owner paid to the consignee of thei property injuied. ii> Baltimore, and now brought* this action here against Morrison, the shipper, i 0 , i the amount so paid For the defendant it Was alleged in the first place,i*' that the box had been duly maiked "aqua fo'tis,"j°' when packed to be put on board ; and that by mov-j g it the acid had sprung a leak and run out over' tbe marking which was executed with common' writing ink, and obliterated it To show that if the 1 , aqua fortis hatl come in contact with it 83 alleged,| the effect or obliteration would lake place, a plain ed b lard, marked in the manner represented, wasi.^ exhibited to ibe court and jury ; and aqua fortis ap-;' plied which instantly took out the letters, leaving only a deep stain as far as it extended. It waH how' ver, not sufficiently proved that the box had been' marked so; and Mr Anthon for the plaintiff' rnore-j over contended, that had it been, the direction tlie liquid must have taken through the corner of the liox, would have carried it clear of the ietiering. Tue defendant also proved that the shipment cf the box was not made on his own account, but. that it had just been sold by him tu a thiul person,| and c intended that hi* (the defendant's) clerk had! surpassed his authority in making out the bill andi invoi:c in his name; but ibis point of defence also[* Jailed. NEW YORK COMMON PLEAS. A' Homme dieu vs. Morrison. in l'he withesses oh the part of the plaintiff, further! 10 testified that the box had no other mark than above j ^ mentioned, that is, a simple direction to Fowler Sc! Safford, Butman» Ohio; and that boxes are stowed!vernment. indifferently, with the marked side up or down, as i most convenient, wtien there are no special marks f on them to direct a different stowage The judge charged the jury that it was the duty f oî the druggist, the défendent in the present case, d to have marked the box plainly, ay ua for tic ; and C .i , .„i. u i r , - , oi bat Whenever a shipment of dangerous liquids, like the present, was made without a special des.g nation ot us quality by name, or otherwise, as '•Glass" or " this side up," distinctly marked on the top, so as to shew how it should be stowed, the person making the shipment, must answer for any damage resulting from wrong stowage; and that as ihey found the fact to be, under all the circum stances brought belore them in evidence, in the :c considération, so they must regulalejof Uietr verdict and find lor the defendant, or against' cas jhitu, accordingly. The point was navel, his honor further remarked, having never before been adjdica ted : and required to be duly and seriously weighed The jury, after some deliberation, rendered a verdict for the plaintif!, for the amount of damages alledged. Anthon for plaintiff, E. VV. King and Seely for defendant. Our readers are perhaps acquainted with the fact that beyond the Ohio, in piercing the earth for wa , ert t j )e stun)ps n | lrceSi bearing the most evident »'jimpassions of the axe, and on one of them the rus j 0 f consumed iron, have been discovered, be ( Ween sixty and ninety feet below the surfaceof the earl ;, # a similar phenomenon was discovered last week on the farm of Jacob Diehl, about two miles norlheast lbis P lace ' ln a ' velll . a ^ or [•N»«»"* P lece , K of ,,mber T.h ,-f,' th.cty five feet below the surface of the ea.th, . H ", w ,hls P*?* of l ! mb er, wInch must have at one " me 0,1 the surtacc cf (be ear,h and ex ' 10ïïe<l to the air, came to be sunk 35 feet under the groud, we leave to philosophers, whose province it is to determine on these pbetromena, and say whether it happened by a sudden convulsion, or been effect ed by slow gradations of abluvion from one and al luvion to another part of the earth.— York CPenn-J Gaz. Maryland, or in its vicinity, ventitious aids from the circumstances o! his birth ; bul bis v -' a5 marked by unequivocal indica ! *' ons genius and talent, which attracted the re Raids and fixed the attention of the first charac ters in the state, by whom he was in some degree patronized. A young man without fortune must have undoubt ed abilities to rise rapidly in the world's estimation, which he did ; and Mr Pinkney's early career in life was distinguished also by this uncommon fea ture, that although his imagination was vivid and his conceptions rapid, his judgment was remarka bly sound ; so much so, that whilst still in the wai mth of blood, he was elected to Congress ; and having declined this mark of popular confiden-e. was appointed by president Washington in the year 1796, in conjunction with Christopher Core a commissioner of claims under the treaty of 1794 Whilst in England he was selected by the public authorities of his native state, for the purpose of reclaiming from the government of that country, a latge sum of money belonging to Maryland,_ which had been deposited in the bank cf England previously to the American war. After long de lays his persevering efforts succeeded ; and in the year 1804 he effected the restoration to the state of upwards ol 600,000 dollars. He shortly afterwards returned to America, and the legislature of Mary, land immediately voted him, as a compensation for b ' 3 scrv 'ces ' n England and as a proof cf their estc Ç m ' l jt e sum of 12,000 dollars, l ) ' n j ine y bat ' been, from his entrance on * be profession of the law, an admired member of bar, as well by profound legal characters as by tbe P e0 P* e at ' ar R e - Upon lits return to Baltimore be recommenced the practice, and in a moment [ bu * iness °f Bie first order thickened upon him and hold,_[crowded his desk- But lie was soon called from so voyage,-lucrative a career, lay president Jefferson, to vindi I 3 * 0 a "'' S'.ain the interests and henor of his na |tlon aln 'oad. SKETCH OF THE LIFE OF THE LATE WILLIAM PINKNEY. Mr. Pinkney was born in the city of Annapolis. He derived no ad The year 1806 is memorable fer British outra but!6 es . oi ' American rights. Of the numerous me ni0l0a ' 3 presented to government at that period against these multiplying wrongs, that from the c *'Jf °f Baltimore was remarkable fer the strength ! °^ *■* '°S !C a "6 tbe eloquence of its style. It was j f lom *. be P en P'nktiey. He was almost instant 'V designated by the national executive to proceed 10 ^' n R land as m * l: *ster plenipotentiary and envoy extraordinary. 1 Our diplomatic history of that period is too Well known to render it necessary to specify the course found:his conduct whilst there. His négociations in c ? n j uncbon . ' v ' tb ou , r pfesent respected chief ma Rtstrate, with the hox ministry; his difficulties w j lb tbe Grenville patty ; bis diplomatic contests 81U0j'?** b lbe Cannings ar.d the Wellesleys ; until the t * m ' i ®f departure from London, in the full Hush 0 ^ an unanswerable, victorious and spirited vafedic , i tory, the lorce ol which in no inconsiderable de Sjree checked the audacity of the British authori es > am ' gained him the unbounded applause of his vn countrymen, will never be forgotten ; returning bo,ne i be was > ' n tbe year 1811, appointed attorney Rencfa! of the United States Clients more nu n ' e, ous than ever flocked to him for the assistance 1 , 0 ! his powerful talents in the most important judi cla > causes. 1 *>« war with Great Britain ensued in 1812 ; and wasi.^ r I inckney was among the foremost in support ap-;' n ff lbe J ust ca . use °* his country. With his pen, tbe f° rce of his elocution belore the people, and b j* s ' vor(b he was ever ready ; and the clearness of b * s elucidations, the persuasive and commanding r 'casoning of his voice and his personal courage in lbaUle wt:re noticed with universal approbation.— j ^ * tbere were a lev/ opposing partizans that hov/l . at the irresistable energy of his march to the cf immortal fame, by him they were un but. beec ^ e ^» and they sunk into the intrinsic nothing ne3S °* * beb ' naîur cs. year British outra Mr Pinckney subsequently resigned the office 0 ^ a Borncy general of the United States, and in b ® y ear 1616, president Madison appointed him minister plenipotentiary and envoy extraordinary 10 lbe court ol Russia, with a special mission to j ^ a P^ e3 * duties in these stations, as in all oth ers * be fulfilled to the entire satisfaction of bis go* stowed!vernment. He did not retain his situation at bt. i Petersburg long ; but returned home early in the f irs ^ term ol president Monroe's official service, Ik resumed with even unwonted success, the practice f t , l ? e ' aW ; f, ° nl wl,i . ch un /» ,he bour of ,, bis d . ealh ' he , was hon ° r f ; vlt ^. U,e favor of h « cllow C " ,ZcnS ' repeated elections either to the house oi representatives or to the senate oi the United Sute ' in the , atteP of whlch dl nifi "g bodles ld ' 3Ml whe „ he died ._ Wa £ Gaz . Important Discovery.—^W hat has been long and so ardently sought for by ship builders, we believe to be now nearly, if not wholly attained, We allude to the discovery of timber, which will secure a ship's bottom against the terrible invasion the worm, so universally destructive. the who it the any the so ter The discovery was accidentally made by our townsman, enpt Thus. Shields, during his residence at the bay of St Louis He found that a particular stake used for lasteuing a boat had remained per whereas others lecllv good and stanch for a year, had to be replaced every two or three months, be ing destroyed by the worm. On examination, this stake proved to be of sweet gum, a timber usually of no value. Capt S. designing to make a fair and full experiment, procured a small tree, sweet gum, hewed it down until it squared nine inches; and then had it staked in three feet water,—affording every opportunity tg the worm, stick remained so exposed for four years ; when on examination it was found perfectly free from moss barnacle and all other excressence ; and on hew ing it down again an inch or more, no tiaces of the worm were to be seen, except three or four very small punctures, of inconsiderable depth- Captain Shields communicated these facts to commodore Patterson some years ago ; the commodore declares his intention of making a futther experiment in the lake Earataria—whether this was done, or what was the result, we know not ; but we hope the experiment, if made, was satisfactory, as that at bay St. Louis The sweet gum, (Liquiddambar, Lin'n.—etyra ciflua) is in great abundance on the Alabama and lbe lakes and bays between Pensacola and New Orleans—it is of prodigious girth and towering tall ness—frequently exhibiting a smooth stem of 50 or 60 feet, and remarkably straight It can be saw* ed into plank of almoat any size, but it will not split, on which account it is universally rejected as useless This sweet gum Is it not worth the experiment ? Cut this timber into sheathing plank of half an inch or less, anti try it on some of our lake craft. Its flexibility is such, that a thin plank may be bent and shaped al most as one pleases.— Floridian. CouNTK,UTT.rrERs.—Mr S. II. P. Lee, of New London, has at length discovered the daring gang of 62 persons, who have counterfeited his " Patent New London Bilious Pills, bate coin or forging of notes, there are some tangi ble marks which lead to detec'ion ; but Mr Lee does not inform the public of what materials ihe genuine and spurious pills are composed, so that the fraud maybe detected- " Rhubarb is rhubard" quoth Dr Ollapod ; and a pill is a pill, when applied for the same purpose; therefore we must know the " effect defective" of these counterleit pills, before legal punishment can be inflicted. How would it answer to compel this daring gang of counterfeit ers, to swallow a box of the genuine pills as a pun ishment , Mat. Mv. In the uttering of CORPORATION LAW—We have been re quested to re-publish the following extracts from a city law now in force, for the information and guid ance of such as are interested in the operation of its provision. Be it enacted and ordained by the mayor and city council of Baltimore—That all grain hereinafter mentioned, bought and sold within the city of Bal timore, shall be bought and sold by weight and measure, under the following regulations, to wit ; Every bushel ol wheat shall be computed to weigh sixty pounds—every bushel of indian corn, fifty five pounds—every bushel of rye, fifty six pounds — every bushel of barley, forty seven pounds and eve ry bushel of oats, thirty pounds : Provided that any person buying or selling a less quantity than one hundred bushels of wheat, indian corn, rye, barley, oats, or salt, may buy and sell the came without be ing measured and weighed by the sworn measurer, if so agreed upon between the buyer and the seller. And be it enacted and ordained—That any per son or persons, buying cr selling any wheat, indian corn, rye, barley, oats, peas, beans, flax seed, grass seed, or salt, in any manner contrary to the provi sions contained in this ordinance, shall forfeit ar.d pay the sum of twenty dollars.—America?: Norfolk , March 1. Remaiikatïle curiosity. —This novel object is a man sixty years of age and of uncommon in telligence, who was born black and continued so un til the age of forty five ; since which he has gradu ally undergone a change of skin, until three fourths of him have beeome perfectly white, his arms and hands have assumed a delicacy and transparency not surpassed by those of the mo9t tenderly bred female; He was raised in Essex county in this state and is the property of a gentleman of large family, who, under more prosperous circumstances than at present attend him, could not be prevailed cn to ex hibit him as a public spectacle. REPORT. REPORT. Of the select committee appointed on the 6th inst to inquire whether it be necessary to modify or alter the law to encourage vaccination. The committee to whom was referred tire reso lution of the 6th instant, directing them to inquire whether it be necessary to make any modification of the law passed in the year 1813, entitled act to encourage vaccination," have had the same under consideration. The committee have not deemed it necessary to report tbe various reflections which have presented themselves on the subject of vaccination, but feel a confidence in the belief that the opinion heretofore entertained of its being a preventive of the small pox, is well founded ; and believe it one of the greatest benefits bestowed upon the country; and one which ought to be cherished by every citizen of the republic. They are aware that a disease, called by medical gentlemen varioloid, has within a few years past, made its appearance in Europe ; that it much re sembles the small pox ; and under similar ci stances, lias been as fatal as that disease .,.i i I circum ever was ; none are exempt from its influence, neither^those who have had the small pox, nor yet those who have been under tbe influence of the vaccine ; but it is gratifying to find that the weight of authority seems to favor the belief that all those exposed to the infection of the latter, suffer much less than any others. Ihe committee have seen with pain and regret, the occurrences which have lately transpired in the state of North Carolina, where the physicians in that part of the country, believe the small pox to exist. These occurrences were of such a charac so ter as to claim their attention, particularly as the United States'vaccine agent, appointed pursuant to the provisions of the act referred to in the resolu tion, seemed to create a doubt as to the efficacy of vaccine in the prevention of small pox, and left the impression equivocal, whether it was not his belief that it was the varioloid disease in North Carolina, produced by some change in the vaccine mattei whilst on its way to a physician in that state, ' whom he had sent it ; or whether it had not ' 6 v. sumed that character from the circumstance of tliê small pox epidemic, in the neighborhood from whence it was sent They have foreborne to rj. mark upon that transaction, as the vaccine ai>ent has since ascertained and acknowledged that it was the genuine small pox matter he had sent to JVorth Carolina, through his own mistake ; which at once relieves the fears of those who doubt theeflicarv 0 | the cow pox. if there are surh ; and dissipated*t| le mist which hung over the subject, in the opinion of all who did not doubt it. It is proper to remark that the disease called va rioloid, seems to partake more of the character of small pox than of vaccine ; and that there is no fact within the scope of their inquiry, to induce the committee to believe that vaccine ever has degene rated into varioloid. It is unquestionably true, that instances have occurred where persons have taken the small pox after having the vaccine ; though such instances are as uncommon as it is for persons to take the small pox a second time. The tranquility of settled belief has been disturb, ed by allusions to the difficulty of securing the ttnuance of genuine matter j though no doubt i, entertained by your committee that proper attention will overcome every obstacle of that kii d, eradicate every evil and finally triumph over prejudice itself Some reproach may have been brought npon vac cination : not however, the result of any well found ed doubt as to its efficacy, lint from the ignoranc or carelessness of those who have used it ; as it j, well known that many benevolent persons through out the community have taken upon themselves to vaccinate their friends and others ; and doubtless done much'good. Hut if in the progress of time by want of care, the matter shall have become spu'ious, there is not adequate experience to detect the change ; and consequently, some risk of expos ing the person to the small pox—thereby bringing danger to the sufferer and unjust reproach Io ih» cow pox. This kind of inoculation, done by eveqr individual who feels charitably inclined, with care, is not disapproved of; though they are decidedly of opinion that it would he much better to trust it to the judgment and care of the medical gentlemen of the country The committee have deemed it not irrelevant to s'ate a few prominent facts in regard to the effects of these diseases in different countries, which wilt more clearly show the progress of opinion and the advantages of vaccination. In the first place, it is p- nperto state that there is authority for estimating lie deaths in natural small pox at one in six ; ami though a mure intimate knowledge of that malady together with any benefit arising from inoculation, may have put it more in the power of physicians la controul it. yet in Great Britain, where vaccination is less attended to than in some other European countries, fifty thousand persons are annully destroy ed by it. But even there, by vaccination, all agree tiie waste of human lffe has been lessened It not only secures the person from the small pox, but greatly lessens the danger to be apprehended from the varioloid disease, as maybe seen by referenced highly respectable authority, which states that at Millau in France, containing about eight thousand* inhabitants took the varioloid disease and everyone recovered, whilst two hundred persons who had not been vaccinated, were destroyed. In Denmark, bv the care which the government has taken to cause the people to vaccinate, the small pox no longer exists. This remedy was introduced into that country about the year 1800, by laws which were vigilantly enforced. By these laws it was or dered that no person should he received at confirm ation, admitted to any school, hound apprentice t-> any trade, or married, who had not been vaccinated, unless thev had undergone the smaii pox. A just idea may be formed of the benefits which have ro suited to Denmark—a country where the preserva tion of human life is more the object of government care and solicitude, than almost any other—when it is knov/n that the city of Copenhagen alone,during the twelve years preceding the introduction of vac cine, lost by the small pox, five thousand five hun dred of its inhabitants In the year 1805, notone death occurred in the whole Danish dominions from the small pox. Prussia has made many wise re gulations favorable to vaccination, which have pro duced highly beneficial results. Formerly, the small pox was believed to destroy about forty thou sand persons annually in that kingdom. In the year 18t7, by this mild and entirely safe remedy, die deaths were reduced to two thousand nine hundred and forty ; so that the proportion of deaths from small pox, to those from other causes, had beta reduced from one in seven down to one in one hun dred and four. It is believed that the principality or Anspach in Bavaria, containing a population of 286,406 indi viduals, lost five hundred annually in 1797, 1798 k 1799; and in the year 1800 there perished 1609 persons ; but so clear and distinct have been the ef fects of vaccination, that from the year 1809 to the year 1819, only five cases have occurred, and not one death. to -I -. In France, prizes are given to the surgeons who hare annually vaccinated the greatest number of persons In Lombardy in the year 1808, in Milan and Geneva, vaccinatidn wasjbelieved to have extirpated the small pox. If the statements of intelligent travellers ougM to be taken as evidence upon a subject of this kind, there can be no doubi that vaccination has opera ted the same beneficial effects in South Amerks which it has done in Europe; and the journal of our own country bear testimony of its great and increasing good throughout the republic. 1 he committee have viewed with attention and concern the promulgation of opinions tending Id lessen the just confidence of the community in the efficècy of vaccination, from the circumstance of there being present slight affections of the skin, ulceration, or vascular disease. They will not un dertake to decide what may be the effect of diseas es of this character upon the rusult of vaccination, when they have affected the constitution of tbe in dividual ; but think it doing violence to the opinion' of those who have adopted such, to consider then 1 as a class distinct from the mass of the commut 1 -' ty- They are inclined to believe that the constik' tion of the individual vaccinated, with other eausf ' may vary the appearance of the disease in son • degree, but not to change its character. To do that there would be partial causes, easily detected at" easily understood.