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ARIZONA CITIZEN. TUCSON, PIMA CO., A. IV SATURDAY, SCSMBJS'Il, IO, 1870. VOL,. I. NO. 9. THE ARIZONA CITIZEN, I'tJBLISHKI) EVEKT SATUKDA.T. O SUBSCRIPTION KATES : c Copy, one year, $5 00 One Copy, six months 3 00 $a;Ie numbers 25 o ADVERTISING LEGAL RTE3. ne square, ten lines, one time $3 00 Each subsequent insertion 1 50 Professional cards, per month 3 00 Business advertisements at reduced rais All bills due monthly. Office in Congress Hall Block. JOHN WASSON, Proprietor. V Authorized Agents for the Citizen. Mudaon & Menet New York. !. P. Fisher San Francisco. T. B. Bancroft New San Diego. Z. W. Barnard Prescott R. H. Kelley Arizona City. Reliable Correspondence solicited iroiu all parts of the Territory." Anony iou3 communications will be unnoticed. Letters on business and for publication thould be addressed to the proprietor to Huure prompt attention. JOB PRINTING aP kinds solicited and executed with J Neatness, Promptness, and atReason ble prices at the CITIZEN OFFICE. J. E. McCAFFRY, Attorney and Counselor - at - Law, (Offiee in Court House Building) 1-tf TUCSON, A. T. EDWARD PHELPS, M. D., TUCSON, A. T. OFFICE on the Plaza, opposite the Catholic Church. 1-tf . X5oI&s Bashford, Attorney and Counselor - At - Law, TUCSON, A. T. WILL Practice in all the Courts of the Territory. 1-tf E. F. DUNNE, Attorney and Counselor -At -Law, laOl F Street, Washington, D. C. o WILL promptly attend to the collec tion of all elaims placed in his hands against the Government of the United Slates. Will also pay special attention to pro curing patents for Mining claims, School Lands, etc. Respectfully refers to Governor A. P. K. Saflord, and Hon. R. C. McCormick. 1-tf Shaving Saloon! Congress St., Tucson. H AIR CUTTING and Shampooing done after the most approved styles. 1-tf SAM'L BOSTICK. TUCSON HOTEL AND RESTAURANT ! ALLEN'S BLOCK SLEEPING ROOMS, and the Largest and most comforta ble Dining Room in the city. JfclEALS AT ALL HOURS ! First Class Board at Moderate Rates Accommodation for Horses and Teams. Also teams ready to do jobbing in the city and vicinity. JOSFPH NEUGASS. Foster's Saloon. MAIN STEEET, TUCSON, A. T. (Opposite Lord & Williams.) MOST Palatable drinks of all kinds and best of SEGARS always to be had at the bar. Rooms large, finely ventilated, and all things kept neat. The public will find Toster'e a place of comfort and refresh ment. 1-tf. LETTER FROM WASHINGTON. Tlie New and Old Members Contrasted Cabinet Changes Jos. is. W'ikon City j ImjirovemtnLiArt Matters Amusements j etc., &c. j Washington, D. C, Nov. 4, '70. j DEAR Wasson: New:papering itj again, I see. I believe it you could gat it checked through you'd take a press along with you when you "shuf fle off," Ac. "Well, I am glad to see you are at work in a good cause. We all want to see McCormick back hern, for no man ever better deserved the endorsement of a re-election than he, and I doubt not that long before this reaches you he will have received it. Of course there is not much news here now that would interest your readers. Congressmen are beginning to make their appearance, and they come with quite a different aspect from at the opening session of a Congress. Then, to most of them, the situation is new ; they feel the importance of their mission, and are on the lookout for the sights. They have no business pending, and reckon with some anxi ety the approach of the day when they are to stand up in the capitol and take the solemn oath which lifts them at once from the common herd and makes them privileged characters, whose persons are supposed to be sa cred from the assaults of ordinary mortals. Pat Woods proved it when he pummeled Porter, of Virginia, and was lodged and fed three months in the old capitol prison gratis. Not the 'first time Pat has suffered from pun ishing porter. But when a congress man comes here on his second session, he is a different man. You can see he is on biz. No foolishness now. The description some one has given of a widow hits him plump " a person that knows what's what, and is well pleased." In some cases, it is said the parallel might be extended, but "that were to inquire too curiously." The coming session is the closing one of the 41st Congress and there will be hot work. It lasts but three months, and there's-much work to do all the unfinished business of two sessions and all the unconsummated schemes of Lord knows how long a date. Washington air seems the very food of hope. Once the lungs of a schemer are well filled with it, he never de spairs. Next session he'll get his bill through sure. "Hope springs eter nal" and claims never die. There are men here still pushing claims arising out of the Revolutionary Avar, and I suppose will be when the corroding tooth of time shall have finally con quered her, who in the greatest scan dal that ever was uttered, was pro nounced to be the only incorruptible woman in Washington, the woman on the dome of the capitol. CABINET CHANGES. Secretary Cox, of Ohio, retires from the charge of the Interior Department and Qolumbus Delano of the same State succeeds. It is said that great changes will be made in the corps of the Department, and that among oth ers, the commissioner of the land of fice, Joseph S. Wilson, will be invited to send in his resignation. This news the public will receive with great re gret. There has been no more faith ful or able officer in Washington. Amid all the complaints and charges of inefficiency, carelessness, or corrup tion, no word of dissatisfaction has ev er been breathed against him, but rather his name has been used to point the shaft for others, his example being held up to them as a model of what a government officer should be. His I ability, diligence and courtesy have received universal commendation. His j duties extended over as wide a field as I was ever known to any officer of any government that ever existed. Hej had in his charge the whole of the) vast area constituting the public lands of the United States, not only all mat ters pertaining to agricultural lands, but also -all of the money interests embraced in the law of 1866. He has passed upon questions involving thou sands of millions of dollars in value on a salary barely sufficient for the or dinary support of a family, yet no whisper of corruption has ever been heard in connection with his name. He retires poor in -purse but rich in honor. The masterly reports which of late years lie has submitted review ing the land system of the United States, showing its superiority to that of any other nation, and pointing out the powerful influence it has exerted in the growth of our country, have ex cited more interest abroad than any documents published in Washington for many years. They have been sought for by the authorities of Can ada, Mexico and Brazil, and most of the South American republics, to the end that the system which under his development has worked such wonders in the United States might be evolved from them and applied in the disposi tion of their own lands. Arizona has reason to be particular ly grateful to him. He kept fully up with the development of all portions of our country, and while officials here generally looked blank when Arizona was spoken of, knowing noth ing of its growth or wealth, and were disposed to ignore its request for sur veys, Wilson responded promptly to McCorinick's request and recommend ed that the allowance for surveys in Arizona be doubled. It will be long before a new man can be found that will satisfactorily fill his place. Talking about cabinet changes tho', was there ever an administration with so many ':' We are only in the second year yet, and in the State Department we have had Washburn, then Fish, and a new one coming soon ; Interior, Cox and Delano ; War, Rawlins and Belknap; Navy, Borie, Robeson; At torney General, Hoar and Akerman ; Treasury, Stewart (not confirmed) and Jioutwell. PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE. This is tho great thoroughfare here, leads from the capitol building to the President's house, a mile and a quar ter, and extends on beyond the Presi dent's, I don't know where. It is a hundred and sixty feet wide, I believe, and has been, without exception, the worst paved street in America. It was terribly cut up during the . war with the heavy army wagons. After a long fight it is ordered paved with the new wooden pavements. The dif ferent rings crowded one another so hard no one of them could get it, so they divided it between four different patents, the Stow, the Miller, and two others I don't know the names of. An army of men without distinction of race, color or previous condition, is employed on it now, and by January 1st it will probably be one of the fi nest thoroughfares m the world. IMPROVEMENTS. The streets of Washington are of immense width, and the cost of keep ing in repair is so great that a general parking system has been agreed on, whereby a strip of from twenty to thirty feet fon each side is given up to grass and trees, and a good roadway left in the middle wide enough for the largest conveyances to pass. It has a beautiful effect, and will contribute greatly to the health and permanent ornamentation of the city. The capital-moving agitation is dying out, and in ten years or so Washington will be one of the most beautiful cities in the world. New buildings of all kinds, from the rustic little cottage to the pa latial mansion, are going up rapidly, principally on the north-west side, and new lines of street railroad are projected. Northern blood is coming in, and a more vigorous development follows as a matter of course. One singular fact exists here, unheard of I believe before, and that is, that you can build a house new, of any kind, cheaper by twenty-five percent, than you can buy one, thus casting some doubt on that old and well-worn saw, that "fools build fine houses, and wise men livo in them." A wise man here will build his own house, unless the maxim is against thejpolicy of owning a house in any event. If so, what wise fellows lots of us are! CORCORAN ART GALLERY. The magnificent donation of a pri vate citizen to his country will soon be open. It is the gift of Col. Corcoran, long a leading banker here. The building was erected expressly for the purpose, and is of pressed brick of what is called the rennaissance style of architecture, which is the same class as the Grand Hotel in San Francisco, and will cost, when completed, over 300,000. The art collection, (now owned by Col. Corcoran,) to bo placed in it, is valued at $500,000. Thirty years ago, Col. Corcoran was a jour neyman shoemaker in Georgetown, near by hore. Now he is as elegant a looking, dignified, polished, gentle man as ever you saw. Ye knights of St. Crispin take courage ! You may be happy yet. AMUSEMENTS. Two theatres and an Arizona opera running here now. The talented young dramatic star, Mr. Oliver D. Byron, lias just closed a two weeks engagement. Never heard of him'r' Well, he's just rising, and isn't much of a star yet, but he'll grow, you know. A good deal of growth wouldn't hurt him, but he is really a very promising young man, and may aston ish us yet. There is a phenomenon here now Miss Lucille Western . She is the McKean Buchanan of lady ac tors. Her tragedy is the best fun I ever saw. We are promised Nillson when Congress meets. Lectures till you can't rest. Wendell Phillips opened the course with a wonderfully interesting discourse on the Lost Arts. He proved to my satisfaction that the only important new things we have, not known to the Ancients, are the tel egraph and printing. In a fleet of vessels painted in the interior of the pyramids, there is a side-wheel steam er as natural as life. A railroad bed has been found in Egypt, a graded road, granite bed, track cut in it, and a Greek historian describing it says they had machinery on it for propel ling great weights. They had the microscope, telescope, stereotype plates like those now used in printing books, &c. There are ancient gems, seal rings, etc., now existing, found in Pompeii, more than half of tho work of which cannot be seen except with a microscope. One, a figure of Hercu les, three-fourths of an inch long, with the naked eye only the general outline of the figure can be seen; with a glass the anatomy of the muscles appear, and even separate hairs on the eyebrow, more delicate work than we can now do. Balls and parties are beginning. Tailors and milliners once more look glad, and the carnival season is close at hand. Kid gloves three dollars a pair "the war, you know," with a bland smile. That's about as far as the war affects the majority of Wash ingtonians. This city lives on a sta ted salary, and so long as that holds the rest of the world may wag as it will. There is no7 trade, commerce or industry here, no fluctuations. Noi sily it pursues the even ienor of its way. Jarcia Still Wants to Whip Somebody. The following is a paragraph from one of Sylvester Mowry's letters to The Alta, dated at Salt River. Mr. Mowry came a thousand miles to whip McCormick, and failing in that ' he is willing to travel another thousaud to whip anything, no matter now indefinite. We admire his grit, but Sylvester's judgement is a chief weakness with, him : The progress of American civiliza tion not only extinguishes effete mon- arcnies. Dut also oniiterates the names by which, in their barbarous trwum. they have attempted to carry down to posterity, rivers mountains, and even springs. "How is that for high!" The translation into plain English, is mat tne Deautuui Hpanisn names of Arizona are fast beinr hrnno-bf: to our hard Americanisms for exam ple : the Rio Salinas is Salt River; the Rio Blanco is White River thi RioAzulis Blue River; Las Sierras Ulancas is White Mountains; and, last and worst of all. a beaiitifnl spring, called anciently, "Lob Ojos de T rm. to c -r -i - Aiiejs, jliiu xjyes oi inei,j is now Dinsmore Springs. Shades of T de Yega ! avenge the wrong. I would ixavei a tnousana miles to whip the man who committed this last outrage. Capt. Hartley, of Camp Verde, advertises at Santa Fe for 500.000 lbs. corn, oats or barley for his post, where upon he Post remarks as follows: Capt. Hawley informs us that a, new road has been made to Camp Yerde, which is much better than the.' one formerly traveled, and is sixty miles, shorter. The military authorities of Arizona are convinced that supplies can b purchased to better advantage in New Mexico than elsewhere, and we shall not be surprised next year if all the supplies for that Territory are bought in our Territory. We would advise our neighbors not to rely too much upon a demand for their grain in this direction, for bear in mind that the crops about Prescott and Yerde will not fail every year as they have this, and the new road'to Salt river via McDowell will opon the Avay to an abundant and convenient supply. The Yerde river has an am ple supply of water to irrigate a mil lion or more acres, and a little time to construct ditches there will insure large crops every year, as productive soil on that streum is plentiful. In and about Tucson, good corn and wheat sells sluggishly at 2i to 3 cent per pound. The Albuquerque Review, speaking of petitions for more mail service, has the folloAving: Our fellow citizens have now an op portunity of doing a little for them selves, by signing those petitions at present in circulation here ; they ask for the establishment of a daily mail from Santa Fe to El Paso, and a mail from Albuquerque to Prescott, Arizona Territory. We are equally interested in both routes, the need of them is deeply felt, and should the Postmaster General hearken to our prayer, he will confer on this Territory a valuable and much needed accommodation. The fourth number of the ARIZONA Citizen has come to hand and is added to our list of exchanges. It is right welcome! That is more than we can say of tho remainder of our Arizona cotemporaries ; they have not deigned to grant us a like courtesy. The ap pearance of the Citizen is creditable in both a typographical and editorial sense and it seems to be well supported locally. We wish, it success. Albu querque Revew. A New York tailor was startled the other day by the return of a bill which he had sent to a magazine editor, with a notice that the "manuscript was re spectfully declined." An English lady is credited with writing the late novel bearing the ti tle, "Naughty, naughty, but oh eo nice." Good Health remarks that what people call "bile" is generally- lob sters, clams, or some indigestible food.