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Vol. 1. TUCSON, PIMA CO., A. T., SATURDAY, JMECEMBEM 17, 1870. No. lO. ARIZONA OFFICIAL DIRECTORY. Federal Officers. (lovernor, A. P. K. Safford; res., Tucson Territorial Secretary, Coles Biwhford " Chief Just., John Titus, 1st Dist., Tucson Associate, Isiiam Reavis, 2d " La Paz " C. A. Tweed, 3d " Prescott U 3 Att'y, C. W. C. Kowell, Arizona city C S Marshal, Edward Phelps, Tucson U S Surveyor Gen'l, John Wasson, Tucson Reg'r Land Office, W. J. Berry, Prescott Receiver " George Lount, U S Col. In. Rev, Levi Bashford, Prescott Assessor " H. A. Bigelow, " U S Special Mail Agent, I. N. Dawley IF S Depositary, C. II. Lord, Tucson Dep'y Col'r Cust's, Jas. B. Baker, Tucson Territorial Officers. Attorney Gen'l, J. E. McCaffrey, Tneso Treasurer, John B. Allen, " Auditor, C. H. Lord, " Adjutant General, Edward Phelps, " Pima County Officers. Probate Judge, John Anderson, Tusco District Attorney, J. E. McCaffrey, " Shcriir, P. R. Brady, " Recorder. F. H. Goodwin, " Treasurer, H. Ott, " ) James IL Toole, " Supervisors, J. W. Sweney, " J John Bratton, TOWNSHIP OFFICKKS. Justice of the Peace, C. H. Meyers. Constable. J. W. Libbey. 3Iilitary Directory. Vom'tidcr Bqft A. T., Gin. Geo. Stoncman Assistant Adju't General, Vol. E. W. tone Inspector General, Col. Milton Coyyuuvll Medical Director, E. J. Hailey COMMANDANTS OI' POSTS. Damp Loicell, Vol. Thou. ". Dunn u Crittenden, Lieut. John F. Lewis " Jlowie, Col. lietiben F. Bernard " Thomas, Col. John Green ' Grant, First-Lieut. R. E. Whitman ' McDowell, Col. Geo. U. Sanford " Date Creek, Vol. Richard F. (' Beirne " Verde, Vol. Harvey Browne si HualajKLi, Col. Frederick Van Ylict ' Mohave, Major Richard H. VOnd " Whipple, Lieut. W. L. Shcncood Infantry Camp, Vapt. Win. McV. Xetterville JOB PRINTING Oif all kinds solicited and executed with Neatnese, Promptness, and at Reason able prices at the CITIZEN OFFICE. SURVEYOR, CIVIL j&JSTD ITISTXISTO- motmsERj SCiips IS"oat-ly "IUxetmtecl. TUCSON ARIZONA. Coles Bashford, Attorney and Counselor - At - Law, TUCSON, A. T. WfTLL Practice vT Territorv. TILL Practice in all the Courts of the 1-tf J. E. McCAFFRY, Attorney and Counselor - at - Law, vOffieo in Court House Building) 1-tf TUCSON, A. T. EDWARD PHELPS, Iff. !., TUCSON, A. T. O FFICE on the Plaza. Catholic Church. opposite the 1-tf F. DUNNE, Attorney and Counselor -At -Law, 11501 F Street, Washington, D. C. o- WILL promptly attend to the collec tion of all claims placed in his hands tgainst the Government of the United Etatc-6. Will also pay special attention to pro curing patents for Mining claims, School Lands, etc. Respectfully refers to Governor A. P. K. Safford, and Hon. R. C. McCormick. 1-tf Tucson, Arizona City, SAN DIEGO, U. S SEMI-WEEKLY MAIL LINE FOUR HORSE COACHES leave Tucson every Thursday at 4 p. m., and two horse vehicles every Monday at the same hour. TIME to SAN DIEGO, 5 LAYS ! This will enable the traveling public to reach San Francisco in. EIGHT DAYS. Fare to Arizona City 545 ' San Diego, (m gold coin or its equiv alent,) $90 IS'-Office at Lord & WUliams..J3 JOHN G. CAPRON, Proprietor. Tucson, Nov 12, 1870. 5-tf TSic Arizona Citizen ....IS.... PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY. SiLbsorlptlon. Ktites: One Copy, one year, 5 00 One Copy, six months 3 00 Single numbers o .Advertising: Ifcatew: Qnc square, ten lines, one time $3 00 Each subsequent insertion 150 Professional cards, per month 3 00 Business advertisements at reduced rates All bills due monthly:.... Office in Congress Hall Block, Northeast corner. John Wasson, Proprietor. Authorized Agents for the Citizen. Hudson ifrMenet New York L, P. Fisher San Francisco W. B. Bancroft New San Diego G. W. Barnard Prescott R. B. Kellcy Arizona City t3J Reliable Correspondence solicited from all parts of the Territory. Anony mous communications will be unnoticed. Letters on business and for publication should be addressed to the proprietor to Insure prompt attention. Marion, the Truthful, Again. During the late canvass, it was sta ted by the opposition to Gov McCor miok, on tho stump and in private, and reatHrmed by The Arizona Miner, that Congress had made no appropriation for tho survey of the public lands; that the only appropriation that had been made was for the salary of the Surveyor General, his clerks and the contingent expenses of his offico. Of course, every citizen who read the papers, knew these charges were false ; and 110 one knew the untruth of these statements better than The Miner, yet he readily lent himself to the slander. The statutes at large of the kC on gross of the TJnitd States are now at hand, and we quote the several appro priations as follows, for Surveying the Public Land, page 304, for 1869-70 : "For surveying the public lands in Arizona, at a rate not exceeding fif teen dollars per lineal mile for stand ard lilies ; twelve dollars for township ; and ten dollars for section lines ; ten thousand dollars." In addition to this, the following appropriation will bo found in the same statute, page 313 : "For compensation of the Surveyor General of tho Territory of Arizona, three thousand dollars ; for clerks in his office, three thousand dollars ; and for rent of office, fuel, books, statione ry, and other incidental expenses, two thousand dollars." "We once heard of a father who said he had whipped his son more for ly ing than all his other transgressions and still he believed he wa the "big gest liar in the Avorld." Marion, are you that hopeful son ? Railkoad Memorial . We have received from the San Diego " Cham ber of Commerce" an eight-page pam phlet, entitled "A Memorial" on the subject of the 32d parallel railroad. It is not addressed to anybody or association of men, in particular, but is a concise statement of the advanta ges of the route for building a railroad, and the benefit it will be to the country through which it will pass. We sup pose the good people of S. D., mostly mean by this that there is nothing like keeping "the issue well before the people," as Douglass used to tell his newspaper friends just before start ing out on a political circuit, and the good people aforesaid are eminently correct. The San Diego Bulletin of the 10th., has the following : When the operator at Los Angeles a few days ago used the wires for the purpose of spreading broadcast and infamous falsehood concerning the late election in Arizona, he was not aware, probably, that he obtained his I ,lx- 4 mi t uuitxiu J. utile wua t uuuu wuen an operator had no permission to tele graph such stuff to the Associated Press. LETTER FROM ARIZONA CITY. The Moad Staging, etc. Freight XT. S. Courts Mining of All Kinds Dr. Phillips, Etc. Akizoxa City, Dec. 5, '70. I arrived here yesterday in clever condition, after a ride of three days less a few hours and stoppages. The time made was good, and the coaches comfortable. The road in places is badly cut up with large teams but careful drivers avoid most of these por tions, and so make good time easily. The circumstances all considered, the line is getting on as well as ought in reason to be expected. The stage bus iness is an experiment cn the route from here to Tucson, and one that ought to be successful. If it will pay, it will be perfected in all details until no line is better stocked in any particular. I have traveled on many old lines with much less comfort and speed than on this. The connection was not made here yesterday, and so have to lie over uniil day after to-morrow, and will reach San Francisco on the 14th or loth. Had we pushed right on, we should have reached San Diego one day after the Steamer sailed, so it is just as well to spend a part of the time here. Arrangements will soon be per fected so that close connections here will never fail. Goldberg & Co.'s freight arrived here last night, 17 days from San Diego. Mr. Drachman, of that firm, and Mr. Hopkins, of the Pioneer Brewery, Tucson, go up on this day's buckboard. Hopkins was a good man before he left for the States last Summer, and although he went back, married, and failed to bring his" better half" along, I think he's a good man still. Wish there were more such men as him in the world, and half a million or so of them in Arizona. The U. S. and-District Courts were to have convened too in La Paz to-day, but were adjourned over until next Monday, when they will be opened for business. The placer mining at Gila City is more promising, I learn, than it was a week ago ; the gold is very fine in qual ity, but in bulk is coarse, the particles being from the value of a cent up to six or eight dollars. At Los Flores, opposite Gila City, substantial improvements a re in prog ress, with 5 stamps : the operation was a sort of ' hold its own" one, and as ten can be operated about as cheaply, careful estimates convinced the owners that by increasing the capacity of the mill to ton stamps, satisfactory profits could be made, and so the machinery is now being put in place. There is a vast amount of gold in the vicinity of Gila city on each side of the river, and it will soon be taken out more rapidly than before. Upon inquiry of reliable men, I have these facts concerning castle dome district, Which was originally organized in 1863. At that time the discovery of numerous galena lodes created quite an excitement, which continued for some time. But the want of a suita ble market for the ore then and sub sequent discoveries of other mining districts higher up the river precluded extensive devlopments on the veins. For the last year oi two, however, at least one of the veins, the Castle Dome, has been regularly worked and the shipment of ore to San Francisco smelting works has resulted in a fine profit to tho owners. The veins occur in highly inclined metamorphic slates. The strike of the ledges is nearly N. and S., and their dip is steep to the wes Many of them are quite large, from 5 to 9 feet thick, and the mineral bodies oontanied in them carry usually very concentrated ores so that little picking is necessary to prepare them for smelting. They occur in the form of carbonates and 8ulphruets, the latter generally doarse crystalline. The gangue is principal ly fluorspar with little calespar and some brown hydrated oxyde of iron near the top of the veins. The con tents of silver in the ore shipped to San Francisco during the last year have averaged 35 ozs. per ton. The ore is eagerly bought by the smelting works on account of its high per centago of lead (50 per cent and over) and the prevailing gangue of fluorspar-, which fit them well for smelting with the high-grade silver ores from Nevada in order to extract their silver. Over 400 tons have been shipped from the Castle Dome mine during the last year. It has lately passed into the hands of the energetic firm of HOOPER, WHITING &Co, Of New York, San Francisco and Ar izona City. These gentleman now employ eight men in taking out ore and more will bo put to work as soon as the mine is further opened. Capt. Polhenius of Arizona City re cently bought a mine from Mr. Spann in the same district and the work per formed on it has already disclosed a large body of carbonate and galena. As soon as tho vein is m opened so as to permit the introduction of more la bor, this mine will add largely to the shipments from the district. With the exception of the EUREKA DISTRICT above, which carries similar but less concentrated ores, no mining district in Arizona is more favorably located for immediate working. Transporta tion from here to San Francisco is trifling, as only 18 miles of land trans portation are necessary to deposit the ores at the river bank, from where they are taken to San Francisco at 15 per ton. The erection of smelting Avorks on the river is contemplated as soon as tho mines are sufficiently open ed in the district to insure a steady supply of ore. Fuel is abundent for years. The Citizen undertook to say a good Avord for the YUMA COUNTY LEGISLATIVE DELE GATION, A few weeks since, but had so little information of the members, that a sentence or two had to suffice for each. I have hunted up the political and public history of Dr. John H. Phil lips, Councilman elect, and it is with real pleasure I find it so good and promising to continue so to the credit and benefit of Arizona. In brief he was born in New Jersey, and there re sided and practised his profession for many years prior to his departure for Arizona some two years ago. He is a graduate of the University of Penn sylvania, at Philadelphia, and as a physician has always enjoyed the highest honers of his profession, being president of the New J ersey State Med ical Society, an institution about 100 years old, in 1851, and subsequently a member of the American Medical Association. In 1862, President Lin coln appointed him Surgeon of U. S. Volunteers, in which capacity he re mained until the close of the war when he was promoted for faithful and mer itorious services by President Johnson to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. He is a man of large legislative and parlimentary experience and public affairs generally. He has been State Superintendent of Public Schools in New Jersey for eight years : and has been in the Legislature of that State. In the celebrated session of 1851, when Commodore Stockton was a can didate for the U. S. Senate, and each branch was so nearly balanced in a party sense that when in joint con vention it met and balloted daily about three months before a choice was made, he was Speaker of the House, and presided over the joint con vention, and justly acquired prominent rank and celebrity as a presiding offi cer. He is of much prominence in the L O. O. F., haivng for many years been Grand Secretary, also Grand Patriarch. andDeputy Grand Master. It is indeed fortunate that our com ing Legislature will have the services of such an experienced gentleman. He will proceed to Tucson about the first proximo. J. W. U. S. Mail TroublesA Post-Offlce Sharp Financier. The Santa Fe Post of the 3rd. has the following, which we think needs farther circulation: Every Southern Mail brings us let ters from subscribers complaining of the irregularity with which they re ceive mail matter. The greater num ber of conplaints, come from Balaton1 and its neighborhood, though there are many from Fort Bayard. It is certain that mail matter is illegally taken from the bags at some points between this city and the places named. Some of our correspondents assure us that plans have been laid which will undoubtedly soon lead to the detection of the leaks. We are sorry these complaints were not made while Postal Agent Dawley was in the Territory; then they could have been thoroughly investigated. Still we are not without hope of soon being able to name and expose some of the crimi nals. One of our correspondents al ludes to the case of a suspicious offici al of whoin he says "the man received $12 a year and has no other visible means of support ; he does no work, and avc lose our mail including money let ters." How to Catch A Skunk. A Yosemite traveler makes the fol lowing contribution to natural history, which may do for theory if not prac tice: On my way up there the other day, I saw two Indians up in a ravine slowly and stealthily approaching each other, Avith their eyes riveted on an object Avhich proved to be a full groAvn skunk. The one who Avas be hind held out his hand, and kept mov ing round in a circle, the animal Avatehing him all the while. It pre pared to fire several times, but the In dian's revolving hand seemed to dis tract its attention, and it did not exe cute the threat. All at once the Indi ans dashed upon it, twiched it up by the end of its uplifted tail, and held it high up at arms's length. The oth er one ran up and cracked its neck Avith a stroke of his hand. The Avholu operation Avas performed Avithout the effusion of any stench Avhatever, Avhieh appears to be the main point in the killing, and the captors bore it away in triumph. The animal seemed to feel itself so ignominiously discomfited and disgraced in being hoisted by the end of the tail, that it abandoned its usual means of defence. Let Duffield's partner beware ! New Sulphuret Saver. Jc1 u Pattison, of Nevada, Cal., has invc fl ed a neAV sulphuret saver, which li been tried at the Pittsburg mine, and is said to work to charm. It consist of an ordinary square trough, closed at one end, end supplied with a sliding door at the lower end. The pulp from the battery is run through the trough, and as the sulphurets settle at the bot tom, the sliding door is raised at the rate of three quarters of an inch per hour, so that as the sulphurets are de posited they are thus held back. Tho heavier sulphurets all settle at the up per end and the lighter ones at the lower end, while the sand is carried otf. The sliding door is raised by means of a Avheel and shaft, Avith a screw runnig around it. The one tested at the Pitts burg has given such entire satisfaction that another is to.be put up. Bad comp any is like a nail driven into a post, which after the first or sec ond blow, may be drawn out with lit tle difficulty; but being once driven up to the bead, the pinchers cannot take hold to drow it out, but Avhich. can on ly be done by the destruction of the wood.