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The Arizona Citizen TUCSON, PIMA COUNTY, A.. T. Sa.trturd.ay, 3Iarch 4 tlx, 1871 SAJV PEDRO VALLEY. Its Progress, and Afflictions by the Apaches. SAK Pedro, A. T., Feb. 7, 1871. The lauds here were first located Dec. 15, 1865, by Mark Aldricli, John H. Archibald, F. Burthhold, Jarvis Jack son, John Montgomery and H. Brown of Tucson. A crop of wheat and bar ley was planted. In Feb. 18G6, the work was commenced on the ditch to convey water to the land. By April 25, all were ready to plant a corn crop. Houses had been built and land secur ed. The detachment of soldiers that had been promised us to be perma nently stationed here, had arrived, and each day brought arrivals of settlers to the valley, until the population reached one hundred men, women and children. In September, the soldiers were taken away from here. The crops produced in the valley the first year amounted in all to about 350,000 pounds of wheat, barley end beans. During the year there was not a single death from any cause, nor was there one Indian depredation. All Avas peace and prosperity. The commencement of the first Apa che depredations was in 1867. The Indians attacked some Mexicans whilst plowing, and killed one of their num ber. A few weeks after, they attacked a herd of oxen and killed the herder, and drove off one horse and four yoke of oxen. Some of the settlers in the lower part of the valley were becom ing alarmed and talked of leaving their places. About this time, Capt. Hinds, of the firm of Hinds & Hooker, happened in the settlement, and wrote a petition which was signed by a num ber of citizens and forwarded to Gen- J eral Crittenden, asi ing for a guard to be stationed at this place. The Gen eral immediately sent ten men. They i-emained here until the next year. In beptember three more horses were stolen, the property of Euis, Burth hold and Lopes, making for the year, two men killed and twelve head of stock stolen. About 250,000 pounds of corn was raised in the valley. The Apaches commenced in 186S by breaking into the house of Mr. Col well and robbing it, and destroying a considerable amount of property. During the year, they stole from the settlements eleven head of stock eight horses and three oxen. Six of the horses were the property of Colwell and Burthhold and two belonged to Brown and Wesley. The oxen be longed to Montgomery and Euis. No person was killed during the year, and the crops about the same as the pre vious year. In 1869, the valley received a num ber of new settlers ; new farms were opened ; ditches were constructed ; and there appeared to be a change for the , better. The Indians commenced dep-; redations about the first of April, and j from that time until January, 1870, j they killed six Americans and stole i fourteen head of valuable torses. Tm April, they stole Hr. Gardner's horse ; j in May, two from. Nelson cz Brother ; same month, two from Mr. Hartsell, and about the last of the month, at-' tacked and killed a man in the employ of Brown, and took off the team a j valuable horse and a mule. On the j third of July, they attacked the house i of Wesley & Co., killed Mr. Johnson, i destroyed the entire property and took off four horses. Tho owners of the , place estimated their loss at 800. The same day they killed two men at the farm above "Wesley's. About the last ! of August, the Indians stole two horses ! from Miller & Smith. A month later j they stole another horse from Mr. Eg- j shorn. January 7, 1870, they attacked i and killed S. Brown and J. Simes. j The crops in the valley for 1869 amoun- j ted to about 450,000 pounds. In 1870, the Indians killed one man .Mr. Jackson and stole five horses. Two of the horses belonged to Mr. j Valencia ; one to J ackson ; one to Peal; one to Lopes. The crops for the year i amounted to about 250,000 pounds. j This year opens by the Indians steal ing one horse from Montgomery. There never has been but one death ' by natural causes in the valley. McCormick at Work. From the Congressional Globe of Jan. 26 and 27, we find that our Delegate is again at work in Congress and look ing well to our interests. In the de bate on the Indian appropriation bill Jan. 25 The Clerk read as follows : Apaches of Arizona and New Mex ico: For this amount, to be expended un der the direction of the President in collecting the Apaches of Arizona and New Mexico upon reservations, fur nishing them with subsistence and other necessary articles, and to pro mote peace and civilization among them, $70,000. Mr. McCokmick, of Arizona. I move to amend by adding to that para graph the following proviso : Provided, That this appropriation shall be expended only in behalf of those Indians who go and remain upon said reservations and refrain from hos tilities. Mr. Chairman, I introduce this amendment because I believe, as a distinguished general serving upon the frontiers lately said, and as my own observation convinces me, that "In dian treaties which leave the Indian free to wander at will, as he has al ways done, and which depend upon his word for their observance, are a monstrous and most expensive farce, alike expensive in money and in life." The military once, at much expense, tried the experiment of feeding some of the Apaches of Arizona, and yet confining them to no limits; and it was found that not a few of the un grateful savages went directly from the forts at which they were fed to en gage in hostilities against tho whites. I deem this amendment absolutely necessary in this connection, and I am glad to say the honorable gentlemen who has the bill in charge has agreed to admit it. The amendment was adopted. In the debate on Jan. 26th. the fol lowing took place : Mr. McCoiuiick, of Arizona. I offer the following amendment, to come in at the end of the bill : And provided further. That no part of the said sums herein appropriated for other than treaty Indians shall be giv en to the support of able-bodied male Indians, except as wages at a fair rate for labor performed upon reservations or upon roads or other public works in said Territories, the said labor to be performed under the direction of the superintendents of Indian affairs and Indian agents in the Territories. It will be remembered by some gen tlemen here that I introduced this amendment when the Indian appro priation bill was under consideration last year. 1 introduce it now from a simple sense of duty. I believe that I am warranted in doing so by observa tions made on the frontier during the past summer ; and in this connection I wish to have read a short letter from the bishop of Arizona, an esteemed functinary in my country, who has had a great deal to do with the In dians upon tho frontier. I ask that that letter be read and entered upon the record. The Clerk read as follows : Tucson", Arizona, April 23, 1S70. My Dear Sir : I am much obliged to you, my dear sir, for the attention with which you have kept me supplied with whatever of current interest there might be relating to our Territory up on questions which como before Con gress. I thank you particularly for the manner in which you have recent ly spoken upon Indian affairs. I had just arrived from among the Pima Indians when your remarks of March 2 reached me, and I was able to judge how much that speech con formed to the wants of those Indians and to what they themselves desire. I found some of them who informed me they wished to have schools to edu cate their children, and had been led to hope for a long time for such, but that the promises had never been real ized. Nothing could be more just and more necessary than that moderate ap propriation of funds which you recom mended for the purpose of educating the young Pimas. I approve equally your method of making the Indians work for their subsidies, for it would render them a great service, and would teach them to provide for and maintain themselves hereafter by their labor, while rewards gratuitously be3towed only serve to stimulate their vices and to leave them continually at a point of degradation. Speak on, my dear sir, and I hope your views will soon obtain favor in Congress, and if not, you will possess at least the consciousness of having discharged your duty. Accept, dear sir, the assurance of my profound respect. J. B. SALPOLNTE, Bishop. Hon. R. C. McCormick, M. C, Washington, D. G. ' Mr. McCc-BMlCK, of Arizona, As I said before, I introduced this amend ment smiply as a matter of duty. believe there is no hope for the Indians in giving them appropriations unless we begin to instruct them at once in the arts of labor, as the writer of that letter says. They will be, under the present plan, kept at the point ot deg radation. Mr. Sargent, who last year opposed this amendment, now renewed his op position and it was rejected. Why, it is difficult to conjecture for certainly a more sensible proposition could hardly be made. No one fainiliar with the Indian character will presume to say that much work could be expected at first, but step by step habits of indus try might be inculcated. The experi ment should at least be tried for as the Bishop well says the present sys tem leaves the Indians at a point of degradation. We are glad to learn that the Commissioner of Indian Affairs has upon the appeal of the Delegate promised a sum of $5,000 from his con tingent fund for schools for the Pimas. The letter above quoted is the one which Ave printed and circulated in Spanish during the campaign of last fall, but we have not before published it in English. As a voluntary en dorsement by the excellent Bishop of the views and course of our Delegate, it is no small compliment. We may here say that the appro priation of 70,000 above referred to is a new appropriation in addition to the usual one of $70,000 for general inci dental expenses of the Indian service in the Territory. It was not made at the suggestion of the Delegate who has little faich in getting the Apaches upon a reservation, but was not object ed to by him after the addition of his amendment. We certainly hope the trial may prove a success, but we have serious doubt as to the possibility of getting any number of the Apaches upon a reservation until they are thoroughly whipped. On the 28th of January, our Delegate mnde-an elab orate speech upon Indian affairs, which excited a lively debate in the House. Proceedings of a meeting held at Arizona City, A. T. Feb. 23d, 1871, in pursuance of a call by numerous citi zens : Meeting called to order at 7 p. m. by Mr. J. S. Spann. Hon. Isham Eeavis was chosen president, and Dr. A. A. Mix, secretary. Mr. President asked the object of meeting, whereupon Mr. Spann replied as follows: That the meeting was called to ex press, in a public manner, the thanks of the' people of Yuma county for the able and honest work done in behalf of the county, by the Hon. John H. Phillips, our Councilman in the Terri torial Legislature. Mr. President, in a few brief re marks, bore testimony to the untiring exertions in behalf of our county by our Councilman, whereupon, on mo tion of Mr. Spann, a committee of three was appointed to draft a set of resolutions expressive of the sense of the meeting. Chair appointed as such committee Messrs Spann, Polhamus and Mix. Committee asked for time till to-- morrow evening to report resolutions, Granted. Pending motion for adjourn ment,, till 24th, 7 p. m., Hon. John H. Phillips rose and asked permission to make a few remarks. The Hon. gentleman in a succinct and felicitous manner gave a history of his acts and the difficulties he labored under dur ing the late session, which was received with marked attention and approval by his audience. Meeting adjourned. Friday, Feb. 24, 1871. Meeting called to order by the Hon. President ; committee called on to re port, whereupon the secretary read the following resolutions : Whereas, The Hon. John H. Phil lips, our representative in the Territo rial Council, is about leaving Arizona for the East, and whereas his consti tuents desire to publicly testify their appreciation ot his merits, Resolved, That we desire to express our sincere thanks for his services to the people of this county, and approve to a man his course in the Territorial Legislature. Resolved, That as citizens we regret the departure from our midst of one who has made hmiself favorably known by his urbanity as a gentleman, and his unselfish devotion to the inter ests of his constituents. Besotted, That we desire him to take with him, on his journey, the warmest wishes ot a thankful ' people, tor his welfare and prosperity wheresoever he may be. Resolved, That a copy of these Reso lutions be presented to the Hon. John H. Phillips. Signed by James S. Spann, Alfred A. Mix and Isaac Pol hamus, jr., committee. On motion of Mr. Spann, the report was adopted. It was moved and seconded that the proceedings of this meeting be pub lished in the Arizona Citizen. Meet ing adjourned sine die. ISHAM EEAVIS, Pres. A. A. Mix, Secretary. E. N. Fish, Tucson, A. T. S. SlLVEKBERG, San Fraucisco, Cal. E. SM. FISH & CO., WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALEUS IN General Merchandise TUCSON. . . .AELZONA. H ave constantly on hand a large and .well selected stock of DRY GOODS DRY GOODS DRY GOODS CLOTHING GLOTHING CLGTHING BOOTS & SHOES BOOTS & SHOES BOOTS & SHOES GROCERIES & PROVISIONS GROCERIES & PROVISIONS TOBACCO TOBACCO CIGARS CIGARS HARDWARE HARDWARE Aud the choicest descriptions of LIQUORS, WINES, dec, LIQUORS, mNES, dx-, October 14, 1870. 1-tl. Charles T. Haydens WHOLESALE AXD RETAIL DEALEK IX Every "Variety OF MERCHANDI833. Tucson, Vi'izomi. November 5, 1S70. 1-tf. NOTICE I TO THE PUBLIC. -o- E very respectfully announce tothe Public, and especially To Travelers, That we now have at- SE IBS p M A complete stock oi DRY GOODS, CLOTHNG, DEY GOODS, CLOTHING, DRY GOODS, CLOTHING, DRY GOODS, CLOTHING, BOOTS & SHOES, GROCERIES fc PR OTIS IONS GROCERIES & PROVISIONS, GROCERIE S & PR OYISIONS, GRODERIES & PROVISIONS, And Miner's Too?s,i i Which we ft Her :lt, thi Imrr-nt rntis ih-t ' such goods can be bought at in the Tor- ruy- We WOUld USUUuiallv call t.lm nttnritinn i SELL AT LOWER RATES Than they can buy the same on the Rio Grande or in Tues'on, and save them the great cost of transportation from either of the above mentioned places. 5SP Give us a call, and you will be. satis tiod Avith goods and prices. 2tf TTJLLY, OCHOA&CO. TO THE PUBLIC. -o- WE take this method of respetfullXr announcing to our friends and X the citizens of Arizona in genera , that we have just received, and are now opon infr NEW AND COMPLETE STOCK Eroni Eastern Markets, Consisting of DRY GOODS, CLOTHING, HARDWARE, ' QTJEENSWARE GLASSWARE, LIQTORS, BOOTS & SHOES, and PROVISIONS. Also a lull'stock-of- LEATHER, HARNESS, SADDLES, BRIDLES, CHAINS, COLLARS WHIPS, CARRIAGE AXLES AND BOXING, Mule & Horse Shoes, -And in fact every thing- required for utfitting Freighters, OUR STOCK Having been selected witu great care by one of the firm, and with special reference to this market, wean confident that we can sell our goods an CHEAP IP NOT CHEAPER I and adaptability to the wants ol the con' muiiity our stock is unsurpassed. cor these misous wc respeetlully solicit a share of the public patronage, feeling assured that our goods and prices canno ail to give entire satisfaction. TULLY, OCHOA & DeLONG.