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imNA CITIZEN. Vol. 1. TUCSON, PIUIA CO., A. T., SATUKDAY, AUGUST 19, 1871. No. 45. Professional Cards, Adv'ts, Etc. OFFICE ON PLAZA, jgp Opposite the Convent. aul2-tf K. A.. WXH.BTJ.K., X. !,, OPPI O 33 WEST SIDE OF PLAZA, TUCSON, A. T. OPPOSITE THE CONVENT. J3TA slate for calls may be found at the Drugstore. 1011 COLES BASIIFORD, -A.a?TOitisrE"3r - - law, TUCSON ARIZONA. Will practice in all the courts of the Territory. ltf ATTOBTSTBY - -A.T - LAW, District Attorney for Pima county. TCCfON ARIZOXj Office next door to Cnstoin-housc.-ltf JOHX ATVOIS rtS OIV . ATTOBNBY-AT - ZG.AJW", TUCSON, ARIZONA. E special attention given to Chattel Mort ! orno-i' nnrlfir tilt law of 1S71. Oflice West side of Church Plaza. 21tf 3D. IT. 33TJ33, .A.TTORTB"Z" -A-T L-A-W, 130 1 F STREET, AVASIIINGTOX, D. C. -O rr-rrr T .nmnHr ottiMid in tin. p.nllcc- W tion of all claims placed in his hands . ii... r 4- f tl TTnif! ngainsi, ihc viuvuniuiuin ui m. States Will also pay spechu attention to -jrocurinif patents for Mining claims, and .-School Lands, etc Respectfully refers -o Governor A. P. K. Safford, and Hon. R. 0. McCormick. ltf PIONEER NEWS DEPOT AND CI6AE S T 0 E E. 0 111IE LATEST NEWSPAPERS, PERI odicals, Magazines and Novels. Also, a Gne assortment of Cigars, Tobacco, Pipes, Etc., constantly on Imnd. Lecinsky's block, uongress-st, Stf Tucson, Arizona TUCS O 3ST, AB1ZONA CITY AND AN BIEGO TBI - WEEKLY "MLAJXi Ij I N E I IIES rS, arrive at Tucson everv-x5ga&. Sunday, Wednesday and Friday Mornings; Depart at (5 p. m. on Tues days, Thursdays & Saturdays, Until Farther Notice. TIME TO SAN DIEGO. .FIVE DAYS. This will enable the traveling public to reach-San Francisco in EIGHT DAYS. Fare to Arizona City 550 " San Diego, (in gold coin or its equiv alent,) S'JO JOHN G. CAPRON, Proprietor. Tnos. Ewing, Agent, Tucson. J. F. BENNETT & CO., S OTTTBLZEIRIINr Overland. Mail and. Express Company, A RE NOW RUNNING A IX. two-horse vehicle thrcc times a week, from Tucson to the Bufro Mines, "where they connect, with Coaches Eor All Parts of New Mexico, Texas, Chihuahua and Eastern States. "Particular Attention paid to carry ing Express Matter, and comfort of Pass engers. Office at Lasinsky & Co.'s Btorc, Tucson. (nol3tf) BLANK FORAGE RECEIPTS, handy to have in the house of stationkecp crs, &c, for sale. Sent by mail, for cash BLANK DECLARATORY STATE mcnts, for Prc-Emptors, for sale at the 3tiizcn office Sent by mail for cash. Tlie Arizona Citizen IS PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY. SiiTsoirptIoix Bates: One Conv. one vcar $5 00 One Couv, six months 3 00 Single numbers 25 o Advertising Kates: Twelve lines in this type, one sq. One square, ten lines, one time S3 00 Each subsequent insertion 150 Professional cards, per month 3 00 Business Advertisements at Reduced Itatcs. . ..All Mite Due Monthly. . . . Office in northeast corner of Congress Mall Mock. JOHN WASS02T, Proprietor. Authorized Agents for The Citizen L. P. Fisher , San Francisco Schneider Grierson & Co Arizona City MEETING AT FLORENCE. The!PinaI Prospectors hold a Meet ing after Organization Speech of Governor Saiiord. A correspondent reports the follow ing extracts from a speech deliveied by Governor Safford, at Florence, on the 10th instant, on the occasion of the organization of the ATogollon Mining and Prospecting Company : It may bo considered inappropriate, but I find so many erroneous impies sions existing outside of Arizona rpon the Indian question, that I desire to state to you my views upon it, and what I believe to be the opinions of nearly every inhabitant ot the lerri tory; and when I make the statement, I intend to call for an expression by all within the sound of my voice as to wnetner you coincide witn me or not. I presume there arc "within hearing about me, at least about five hundred men, and among this number nearly every portion of the Territory is represented. You are representa tive men of the section iroin Avhich you come, and if we all agree, it Avill be fair to state that we represent, the views of the people of this Territory. The object most desirable of ac complishment by the people of this Territory, is a permanent, lasting peace with the Indians, and any course that will attain that end the most speedily, will be hailed with joy by every in habitant. It has been said and is be lieved by many good people outside of the Territory, that we entertain a deep seated prejudiccand hatred toward the Indians, and would deny tbem, if we could, all rights and privileges. The error of such belief is refuted by the assertion of the Avell-known fact that the Papago, Pima, Maricopa, Yuma and Mohave Indians, nearly all quite large tribes and occupying locations in different portions of the Territory, with rare exceptions, live in perfect harmony with the whites. It is true that some bad Indians among the Pi mas have, at different times, commit ted depredations upon their white neighbors; often poor men have lost an entire year's labor by the destruc tion or their crops of gram, but the counsel of the people has been peace and forbearance, which I hope and be lieve will continue to prevail. While speaking ot these Pimas, I desire to say to the citizens of this sec tion of Arizona, that it has been re ported to me that bad men are in tlie habit ot selling liquor to them. I know nearly the entire population de plore this traffic, be it much or little, and want to see it stopped. It is the duty of every good citizen to seek out and prosecute to the full extent of the law these creatures who are engaged in this traffic. This work mainly rests in your hands, and you will not do your duty to yourselves nor to soci ety unless you do it. I wish the pen alties were heavier. I urged our late Legislature to increase them. The punishment should not be less than ten years in the penitentiary, and if the crime were punishable by a death penalty, I should be slow to pardon a convicted monster who lor gam had engaged in a traffic which is liable to bring on a conflict that will result in the loss of the lives of many innocent people. .But the great practical question Ave have to deal Avith is the war with THE apache Indians. Those far thest away, and Avho Ioioav nothing of the condition of the country, or of sav age Indians, can frame theories by Avhich the problem is only theoretically solved; but to us Avho have the re sponsibility of occupying and holding the country, avo have found it a dan gerous and laborious task which all theoriziner has but aggravated. It has been said, and is believed by many, that the tales of Avoe that have constantly gone forth, Avere made in the main for speculative purposes; that we desired no end to Indian hbs tilities, but Avanted the war to go on and more soldiers to enhance pecula tion. That error is easilv refuted bv declariner this truth: "Wo have not clamored so much for more troops, as we have for more activity cn the part of those we have had. It Ave had 20, 000 soldiers in Arizona, and they Avere permitted to remain at the posts, they Avould give us no relief, nor Avould they ever settle this Indian Avar; and Ave sav now, Avith General (Jrook in command of the Department, avo be lieve a lasting peace Avill be spedily conquered, if this distinguished and upright officer is permitted the free ex ercise of his own good judgment ma tured by twenty years of practical ex perience among the Indian tribes of the West. Now if Ave Avanted this war con tinued, Avould the entire population of Arizona have run Avild with joy Avhen the information came that the Presi dent of the United States had placed Gen. Crook m command of the Depart uient'r' "Wo Avell knew from the pre vious history of the man that his coming meant an early peace by war. We knew that m northern California in Oregon and Idaho, he had dealt with hostile Indians Avith earnest Avar, and in a verv short period of time. conquered a lasting peace that endures to this day. Had Ave wanted this Avar continued, General Crook is the last omcer Ave should have desired sent here. But in the name of common sense, why should any one desire this Avar continued i Look up and down theso broad valleys where sufficient strength and population have accumulated to afford protection to cultivators of the soil; see the abundant harvest; nearly every product that grows in the tern perate or warmer zone, can be pro duced here in abundance. Only three days ago 1 ATisited a vineyard in Salt itiver valley, ot but two years growth, and the vines Avere borne down Avith the most luscious grapes I ever tasted See the milhons or acres of the finest pasturage, affording an abundance of iood the year round, lying idle on ac count ot the hostility ot the nnplaca ble Apache. Our mountains abound in precious metals, many portions of Avhich have not been explored fr the same reason. Is it a pleasure for us to sec the Avhole Territory covered Avith the graves of our neighbors and friends? Our best farming settle ment broken up 't Our people in pov erty ? And all this merely for the money we make in growing gram and selling it in many localities for a less price than it can bo purchased in the older States ? No. 1 say give us peace and security for life and prop erty, and Ave will soon exhibit a de gree of prosperity hardly surpassed by any other portion of our public do- mam, and that, too, Avithout the aid of further military presence or patronage 1 have been otten asked at the East if I Avere in favor of the externiina tion of the Apaches, and have inva riably ansAvered, no; but that I kneAv no Avay Avhen Avar existed between two nations or peoples except to prose cute it Avith vigor and poAver until one or tlie other conquered, and Avhen that point is reached, I believe in the most humane treatment ot the vanquished consistent Avith the safety of all those engaged or immediately concerned. I desire to see every human being happy, prosperous and contented. I believe it is the duty of the strong to help the Aveak ot toe intelligent to educate the ignorant. History and all practi cal observations prove that Indians respect nothing but power; and not until they are thoroughly subdued, Avill they ever accept and do their houest share in preserving a lasting peace. The Apaches have often pro fessed friendsnip and in many in stances have been fed at the expense of the Government for months at a time, and as often they have been en gaged during the same period in the most horrid butcheries of citizens. We do not Avant this kind of a peace, but avo Avant the murder of innocent men and women to be stopped. From all former experiences, I do not believe this Avill be done until the Apaches are thoroughly subjugated. When this is accomplished, I believe the only practi cal way of insuring a permanent peace, is for the GoA'ernment to place them cn a reservation; put them in charge of good men; furnish them Avith food and seed to plant; see that they toil lor their bread as white men have to do; educate, christianize and throw all the moral influences possible around them; and guard them so that they cannot go at Avill off the reservation and pillage and murder. Their prom ises amount to nothing, and to insure peace and save lives of innocent and industrions people, they Avill havo to be guarded Avhile this generation lasts. jnoav I believe I have stated the opinions entertained by nearly every man Avho h is had practical experience with hostile Indians, and particularly the Apaches. Why is it that our East ern ii lends should assume to know more about it than Ave do ? Oh ! but some say the pioneers of new countries are m the mam bad, unfair men Now, it they would but reflect, they Avould certainly admit that not all Avho go to our new Territories are baa men; and if a man Avere good and just in the East, he Avill assuredly prove an equally good man Avherever he goes My experience has taught mo that humanity is about the same tho Avorld over, and nowhere have I found keener sense of justice and right than in our new estates and Territories, have observed that as a population be comes old, tamily and wealth govern the status of a man far more than Ids true worth; Avhile in new countries, men are generally accepted and treated in accordance with their con duct and dealings Avith their felloAV men. If we Avere to go to one of our mends at the .hast and attempt to in struct him in a business he had been familiar Avith- from boyhood, and he should ask us Avhere Ave had derived information that Avould enable us to teach him, and we replied from books only for Ave had never seen a busi ness of the kind; and if he appreciated that the books Ave had studied gave us not the shadow of truth regarding the business, he Avould naturally feel in dignant if Ave insisted, that he should follow our advice. Yet Eastern people act more unreasonably towards us, for they have the power in many in stances to compel us to follow their plans, and avc are not only made for years and years to lose all Ave accu mulate, but many of our bravest and best men and Avomen are murdered. I Avill not continue the subject fur ther. I have stated in a hurried man ner Avhat I believed to be the vieAvs of the people of this Territory on the In dian question, and now I Avant an ex pression from the five hundred or more Avho are around me as to Avhether such are your views or not? I find I am right in my opinions not a single voice is heard in the negative. In conclusion," I want to say one Avoid more about our organization. It has been said that the people of Ari zona Avere not patriotic nor enterpris ing. Noav I know that a large por tion of you have expended every dol lar saved from Apache thrift and theft of your years of toil, to make this expedition. You have before you months of labor and hardship. You are going through a country that many others havo tried, to penetrate, and Avhose bones lie bleaching on those far off mountains; Avhile some others have returned with broken ranks and Avounds. You are going to endeavor to discover and report to the world, Ave hope, resources in a country almost Avholly unexplored, that Avill be of value to hundreds and thousands of poor people. Is there any American who Avill say that you are not fully doing your part toAvards the advance ment of our great and glorious coun- in my power to conduct you through safely. That my best exertions shall I be exerted, I believe you fully appre- 1 ciate. , . . I The New York Herald, in a notice , u. "vuu Of our Delegate's convalescence, says : J Mr. McCormick's general health is, i however, improving, and his physi- cians thmk that he Avill be able to dis- charge his Congressional duties. It is to be hoped for his OAvn sake and for the sake of his many friends and sympathizers that he may yet be per- mitted to hold his public position, the ! functions of Avhich he has hitherto so i well fulfilled. . j nr t ' ' ' ', . , W. L. WARRING, an Assistant As- sessor of Internal Eevenue in NeAV I Mexico, has been promoted by the ! President to that of Assessor for the ' m ., ! -territory. Legal Advertisementst APPLICATION FOR PATENT. Register's Oefice, U. S. Land Officb, i Prescott, Arizona, Jane 15, 1871. f NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN TO ALL whom it may concern, that, Wm. F. Scott aud James Lee have this day filed in this Land Office an application for a patent from the United States, under an Act of Congress approved July 26, 1866, and Acts supplementary thereto, to the following described argentiferous mining claim known as the Neguilla Mine, situated in the Sierra de Amole Mining District county of Pima and Territory of Arizona, which said mining claim embraces 1,993 2-10 lineal feet on said Neguilla lode, to gether with a tract of land for mining and milling purposes appurtenant to said mine, as more fully shown by the diagram accompanying said application; the said mining claim being bounded and described as follows: It is situated on the south base of Soap Weed Peak, about one mile west of the Soap Weed Gap, in the Sierra in a. stone mound, on the right and west blufT bank of a ravine running south, and from Avhich a large rock on the apex of Soap Weed Peak bears N. 32 degrees E., 29.91 chains distance ; thence S. 50 de grees E. along the N. boundary" at a varia tion of 12 degrees 54 minutes E., one chain to a deep ravine running south ; thence direct on said line to 5 chains, opposite which point a shaft and mining works are 150 links south ; thence to 7 chains, from which point the top of a hill bears N. and S and ends 100 links south of line in heaA'y quartz croppings; thence in, same di rection to 16.25 chains, a ravine runs south ; thence on a line to 18 chains where ravine runs south ; thence to 24 chains where low ridge runs south ; thence to 80.20 chains to a post marked "N. S. & L. M. Co. No. 2," in a stone mound, being the N. E. corner of said claim, from which the large rock which is on the apex of Soap Weed; Peak bears N. 9 degrees W. and a high conical peak bears S 30 E. ; thence 8. 40 degrees E., 3.03 chains to a post marked UN. S. & L. M. Co. No. 3,' in a stone mound ; thence N 50 degrees W. along the south boundary 30.20 chains to a post marked "N. S. & L. M. Co. No 4;' thence N 40 degrees E along the west boundary 3.03 chains to the place of beginning, contain ing 9 15-100 acres. Any person or persons claiming adversely to said aonlicants must. as required by law file a notice of the Bame in this office within ninety days from the urst uay oi puDiisinng Hereof. je24-3m WM. J. BERRY", Register. APPLICATION E0R PATENT. U. S. Land Office, Prescott, A. T. - Rp.nrRTKH's CtrsfirTr Juno ' 1C71 i NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN TO ALL Avhom it may concern, that Polhamus & Gunther have this day filed in this office an application for a Patent from the United States, under an Act of Congress approved July 26, i866, and Acts supplementary thereto, to the following described argen tiferous galena mining claim, known as the Flora Temple Mine, situated in the Castle Dome Mining District, county ol Yuma and Territory of Arizona, Avhich said min ing claim embraces 2,000 lineal feet on said Flora Temple lode and 100 feet on each side of the course run, in accordance with the customs of said mining district, as i? more fully shown by a diagram accompany ing said application: Commencintr at thif, point, which is situated S. 33 deg's, 35 min utes Wfrom the south face of Castle Dome peak; and S. 71 degrees W. from the north lace oi tnc most prominent peak next south in the Dome range; thence running: S. 18 de grees, 30 minutes E., 20 30.100 chains; also running jn 71 degrees, 30 minutes VV 10 chains, making in all 2,000 feet of surface ground, taking in as aforesaid 100 feet on each side of the course run. The said claim is named the Flora Tem ple; is a rock claim composed of argentif erous galena, and situated about 330 feet west aud running parallel to the Castle Dome and Buckeye mines, In said Castle Dome Mining District, countv of Yuma and Territory of Arizona, and upon un6ur veyed lands. Any person or persons claiming adversely to said applicants must, as required bylaw, file a notice of the same in this office within ninety days from the first day of the publi cation hereof. WM. J. BERRY. jy8-3m Register. Homes for All. X pany offer inducements never before equalled to THOSE SEEKING HOMES, y proposing to sell water rights in their aitcn, Avnien is oi snmcient capacity to jrrite FIFTY THOUSAND ACRES of i, j (ithor tnr cash nr will nllnw t'A nti- day and boarding for labor on the ditch. ,l.ur , 5 T 'Ufi:uusiuerau'B by the Uniteu states and are now open to pre-emption and homestead entries. The company's ditch is situated in the South bend of the Gila river. 150 miles from Yuma, and is regarded safe from hostile Indians. The climate is magnificent. The Grape, Orange, Lemon, Almond, Olive and Walnut can he grown, as well as all grains and vegetables, and, an unfailing supply oi Avater is guaranteed. or lur- uier particulars, apply to Alexander mc- Kcy. Sup't. of Company, at Maricopa Wells, A. T., or to Albert G. Decker, Sec- retarJ', at Gila Bend, on the premises. veyor General, Tucson, A. T. ; John Ander- son Probate Judge of Pima county, A. T. ALBERT G. DECKER, je24-tf Secrctarv Gila Ditch Conmanv.