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Arizona citizen. (Tucson, Pima County, A.T. [i.e. Ariz.]) 1870-1880, October 07, 1871, Image 1

Image and text provided by Arizona State Library, Archives and Public Records; Phoenix, AZ

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82014896/1871-10-07/ed-1/seq-1/

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CJITI5BBW
-7 . 3trXT;
JfpfcsON, PJCIIA CO., A. T.9 mtJM&9 0CTBBER 7, 1871.'
Vol. 1,
Professional Cards, Adv'ts, Etc'
j- c. i2:.AJXnD-sr, ivr. id.,
OFFICE ON PLAZA,
gT" Opposite the Convent, aul2-tf
IS.. .A.. "WXXTTIt, H
OPFIG 21: i
"WEST SIDE OF PLAZA, TUCSON, A. T.
OPPOSITE THE CONVENT.
?"A slate for calls may be found at the
Drugstore. ltitf
ATTORNEY - jAJJ2 -
TUCSON AKIZOXA.
"Will practice in all the courts of
the Territory. ltf
ATT ODEfc TtfZB-ST - -A.T - XjA."W,
iisinc Attorney for Pima county.
TCO'OX AKIZOXA.
Office next door to Custom-housc.-ltf
JOHN ANXJDEKSOjN".
A.TTOEWE"2" - AT - XiA"W,
TUCSOX, ARIZONA.
TJX special attention given to Chattel Mort-
JL-i gages under tut law pr-j.au. .
Office West side of Church Plaza. '
21tf
33. IT. ' I TJ 3f jV 33 ,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
lUOl F STliEET, WASHINGTON, D. C.
O
rILL promptly attend to the collec
tion or all claims placed m ins nanus
against the Government of the "United
States.... "Will also pay spccicl attention to
l)rocuring patents for Mining claims, and
school J-anus, etc. . . ... Kespectlully relers
o Governor A. P. K. Siafford, and Hon. R:
1 AJf!rr?ninlr ltf
PIONEER
NEWS BE POT
and
CIGAR STORE.
0
T1IE LATEST NEWSPAPERS, PERI
odicals, Magazines and Novels.
Also, a fine assortment of
Cigars, Tobacco,. Pipes, Etc.,
constantly .on hand. . '
J. S. MANSFELD,
Lccinsky's block, jongress-st,
S(f Tucson, Arizona
V TUCSO
ABIZONA CITY
AXD
S j. N DIEGO
TBI - WB3ELY MAIL
IOURnORSE COACHES Ts5
. arrive at Tucson every,' .--rSSfei
Suriay, "Wednesday and Friday
"Mornings ; Depart at 6 p. in. on Tues
days Thursdays Saturdays,
" Until Farther Notice.
TDIETO SAN DIEGO.. FIVE DAYS.
This will enable the traveling public to
reach San Francisco in EIGHT DAYS.
Fare to Arizona City S50
" San Diego, (in gold coin or its equiv
alent,) S'JO
JOHN G. CxVPRON, Proprietor.
Tnos. Eaving, Agent, Tucson.
J. F. BEIMETT&C.,
S OUTHERW
Overland. Mail and. Express
Conip any,
ARE NOW RUNNING A.r-Xga
two-horse vehicle threes .-Sag.
times a week, from Tucson to the Burro
Mines, where they connect with Coaches
For All Parts of Hew Mexico, Texas,
Chihuahua and Eastern States.
("Particular Attention, paid to carry
ing Express Matter, and comfort of Pass
engers. Office at Lasinsky & Co.s store,
Tucson. (nol3tf)
BLANK FORAGE RECEIPTS, handy
to have in the house of stationkcep
crs, &c, for sale. Sent by mail, for cash
ITIae A&'izoiaa.CJitlaeia
IS
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY.
Subscription, ISa-tes:
One Copy, one year, So 00
One Copy, six months 3 00
Single numbers 25
o
Advei'tisiiif? Rates:
Twelve lines in this type, one sq.
One square, ten lines, one time.
Each subsequent insertion...,
Professional cards, per. month
K3T" 'Business Adt'erttxrtiimts U
Hates.... All Mill Due Monthly
northeast comer of Comres, JIallh JHocfc
JOEY WASSOX, Itronrirtur.
Authorized Agents for Thfe Citizen.
L. P. Fisher Saij Francisco
Schneider Grierson it Co Arizona City
THE APACHES
Opinions of the Press aiid Public
Men Thereon "How GoWrnment
Should Treat with Thein.
"Wo have frequently beeiA obliged
to occupy much space .on the! Indian
question, as one of all pervadjing im
portance to this people, and aljso of no
little moment to the nation. In its
discussion, we have always. takVn that
view which experience has tauWht us
is the one - best calculated to prVmote
the true interests qf the people andj
government and in the end the In&ian
also. For this honest course, iVlr.
Colyer has declared his purposeto
injure us pecuniarily, that is to say-
Free speech: will not be tolerated1
with impunity by United States offi
cials in Arizona. If Mr. Colyer is
a Mng in fact, as he declares and
boasts of possessing more power than
absolute monarchs would at this day
dare to exert over their subjects, then
he may and is welcome to succeed ; but,
in the meantime and henceforward,
The Citizex will go on as we pre
sume will all the papers which express
like sentiments to our own. Possibly
Mr. Colyer, whose information of the
Indian character is obtained only
under protection of the armed troops
of the nation, has nearer correct viows
than those journals from which we
quote, and most of whose editors have
gathered their Indian history under
more matter-of-fact circumstances
than Mr. Colyer, but he will find it
an up-hill business to change or stop
their utterances. The Press of the
United States is quite free and is
daily growing in independence and
consequently in power. Conscious of
the correctness of our own views, it is
pleasurable to find the representative
Press of all the Great "West substan
tially in harmony with us. Our
quotations must be brief and scores
of like opinions expressed at different
times omitted, as well as those of
dozens of other reputable journals :
The San Prancisco Bulletin often
has expressed sentiments like the fol
lowing clipped from its columns as a
specimen :
It is announced that, in view of the
Apache troubles, Yincgnt Colyer has
set out for Arizona, to make overy
effort, not to force the savages to keep
the peace, but to induce Cachise, the
famous Apache war chief, to visit
"Washington, see the sights, be feted
and speechified at by well-meaning
gentlemen, Avhose knowledge of In
dian affairs and Indian character is
hardly superior to that of the Apache's
about astronomy. 11 Mr.
Colyer, who takes with him an armed
escort for his own protection, can
satisfy the country that troops are any
less needed to protect the people of
Arizona against the Indians, or if,
after a grand pow-wow at "Washing
ton, he Avill engage to trust himself
among them without an armed escort,
a favorable opinion may be entertained
of, his reported errand. But till such
time, the work of impressing the Apa
ch.es with the power of the Govern
ment ought to be left to the army,
with a full supply of ammunition,
and orders to suppress outrages by or p
against them ; and the public enter
.S3 00
i r.n r
tainment of the noble red men, should
be dispensed with. VV hen, throughout ;
the eountrv. ill disposed citizens?
threaten to 'murder peaceful persons,
it is not customary to send an emis
sary to induce them to travel long
distances to be convinced that there is
power enough in the land to bring
them to the gallows. That power is
forthwith exerted against them. "Why
should it be otherwise in the case of
bloodthirsty savages ?
The Alta California has often and
'ten plead our' cause m tho most
nted and intelligent way, and very
jP-ently said : ,
rihe Indian question is becoming
nioiS. and more complicated. The
peaci. policy does- not seem to work
welljHt rather stimulates the red
devilsto renewed acts of fiendishness,
and leases tho whites at their mercy.
The geniniKago rather likes the sup
plicant mannciin which a great and
powerful nation like .ours begs for
mercy at his hand?, and when the
whites merely ventuitoprqtps'vm
selves when attacked, or fly to plows
of safety.
The people of this coast would likV
to know how much longer this nobJe
red man farce is to be continued, and
how many more white men must be
killed beioro tho Apaches are taugh
that murdering American citizens
wrong. If a band of white people
had committed one-tenth, tho number
of murders tho Apaches have, they
would have been hunted to the death
before this, if it bad taken all
the resources ot tne country to nave
accomplished it,
The Morning Cll, San Prancisco,
icpeaking of the Mexican State of So
no'rarvin referencti'tp tho Apaches closes
an article thui
The "VJjJ" system was for a
loner time intavor with that State, to
propitiate these Indians, but it only
made them more iiusolent and exacting
in their demands.
The Chronicle, News letter, Herald
and Market Review and richer San
Prancisco journals have expressl-d like
sentiments.
Now we come to the Sacramento
Union, a paper pre-eminently sound
on all questions of human rights.
Last May 27th, Tho Union said among
other things :
The history of North American In
dian tribes affords no chapter as strange
as that ot the Arizona Apaches. An
zona itself covers an area of 110,000
square miles. . Over- this, with more
than half of New Mexico, all hi Chi
huahua and the greater part of Sonora,
the Apaches have lorded it with savage
sovereignty tor the thirty and odd
years which have passed since the
Americans first came sharply in con
flict with them . All the tri bes did not,
in their best estate, number as many
as the Ogaiallah Sioux fifteen years
ago. In those fifteen years the Apa
ches have probably killed more white
people and Mexicans than they had
members m all their tribes or bands
Thev have in those vears murdered
more whites and Mexicans than were
slain in Kentucky and the whole
Northwest Territory (out of actual
pitched battle) by Indians in the first
thirty years or this century. And
they are worse and more dreaded to
day than at the beginning of the con
flict.
There is surely something radically
wrong in the past methods of treating
this evil. "We think the wrong lies in
the treaty system. The treaty binds
none but those who sign it. No chief
has authoritv to bind any other person
Hence all treaties are ineffectual, and
in waging war against tne Apacnes,
the law of self-defense compels their
enemies to adopt the bloody code of
extermination, lernble as this may
seem, Ave begin to believe it presents
the only solution ot the Apache ques
tion. Every prisoner taken and turned
loose is soon found to be in arms
again, as implacable and cruel as
ever.
"What Arizona needs at once is such
a commander as General Crook. It
is to be hoped that the next Congress
may give this subject special attention
and General Crook all tho means he
may Avish to put a speedy- end to the
bloody scenes enacted by these human
monsters.
In the same journal, of September
9, Ave find an elaborate article on the
Arizona Ap iches, and as will be seen,
jfc pronounces strongly for the Presi
dent's Peace Policy, but excepts
from it " these human monsters," as
it calls the Apaches. "We extract as
follows :
There is a clashing of authority be
tween thtf Indian Bureau and the War
Department upon the treatment of the
Arizona Apache problem. Crook,
having now got all his forces well in
hand, and being on his way to prose
cute a vigorous campaign, is con
fronted by a messenger from the Su
perintendent of New Mexico, asking
permission to see, confer with, and, if
possible, induce the most noted, cruel
and powerful of the Apache chiefs in
Arizona to go to Washington and
patch up some sort of peace or truce,
to be broken, as are all the Apaches'
treaties, at the first convenient oppor
tunity. Such an arrangement ought
nob to bo thought of. It is simply
lending aid and comfort to the enemy.
The peace policy of President Grant
has and always had our hearty ap
proval. It is humane, economical and
just. It saves over 3,600,000 a year
to the treasury, and has avoided wars
Avitb. the bioux, Cheyennes and. other
bribes, during the past year and a half
Ahich would hjvu cost many millions
more. Tho Hccretary of the Interior
reports ttftt while the old thieving
agency police cost during the last year
of Johnson's 'administration 7,042,
923, the new nioP of treating the In
dian problem cost iVi the year ending
June 30, 1S70, but 2,407,938, at the
same time avoiding yars which under
the old policy b& been inevitable.
This is eulosryenougli for the Indian
policy inaugurated by President Grant,
ilad he done nothing else, this reform
ought to cause his administration to
be long and favorably remembered.
But this policy is .-not applicable to
tha Arizona Apaches. There appears
to be no remedy ieit us against their
constant robberies and murders but
that of extermination or remorseless
chastisement. Until this is done, they
will render a territory of 100,000
square miles impracticable to white
settlement. General Crook has been
chosen to push tho work. He has
made a good beginning, and ho should
not be disturbed or interfered with till
he ha had a fair trial and fought at
least one '"fail campaign. The ques
tion now is, not whether the Apaches
shall be managed by the Indian Bu
reau or the "War Department, but
whether they or the white, settlers
shall be driven out cf Arizona. "When
they are once chastised into a spirit of
obedience to the stipulations ot treat
ies will bo time enough to talk of ap
plying to them thesame humane pol
icy under which tho tribes of the
plains and Rocky inouutains have
been brought to peace and progress in
civilization.
The Sacramento Record, extremely
humane in its treatment of all ques
tions affecting humanity, has often
spoken substantially as follows, which
we take from a late number of that
paper :
The safety of General Crook and
his detachment is assured by late dis
patches from Arizona, but his expedi
tion appears to have been a complete
failure, and for the singular reason that
the Indian Bureau pursues a policy
counter to the objects of the Military
Department and in opposition to the
interests of the Territory. It is a no
torious fact that the Apaches have
heretofore frequently sent their women
and old men on to reservations, and
have drawn Government rations for
their whole party, while the warriors
of the band were at the same time en
gaged in plundering and murdering
all the settlers and soldiers they could
surprise. Thus the Government has
been nursing and protecting the bloody
savages that have massacred its citi
zens, and thus the work of one De
partment has been neutralized by an
other. It is clear that this cannot go
on. It is clear that while the Apa
ches are afforded convenient asylums
on the Reservations whenever pursued
by the troops, the protection of the
settler and the chastisement of the red-
handed savage cannot be accomplished.
The Sacramento Eeporter is equally
emphatic to the same effect, and the I
California, Oregon, Idaho, "Washing
ton, Montana. Colorado. Utah. New I
Mexico, "Wyoming, Dakota, and the
CONTINUED ON rOUKTH 1'AGEiJ j
Legal Advertisements.
IN THE DISTRICT COURT OF
the First Judicial District, County
of Pima and Territory of Arizona.
WHEELER W. WILLIAMS, plaintiff,
against
CHARLES H. LORD, as Executor of the
Will of Hiram W. FelloAvs.deceased : and
WILLIAM H. FELLOWS, defendants.
The Territory of Arizona sends greet
ing: To Charles H. Lord, as Executor
of the Will of Hiram W. Fellows, de
ceased ; and William H. Fellows, de
fendants :
You are hereby summoned and 7equired
to appear in an action brought against yon
by Wheeler W. Williams, tho plaintiff
above named,.in the District Court of the
First Judicial District of the Territory of
Arizona, and to answer the complaint
therein, filed with the Clerk of said Court
at Tucson, in the county of Pima, within
twenty days (exclusive of the day of serv
ice), after service of this summons upon
you, if served within this county ; if serv
ed out of this county but in this District,
thirty days ; in all other cases, forty days.
The said action is brought to obtain a
decree of Court for the foreclosure of a
certain mortgage described in said com
plaint, executed by the said Hiram W.
Fellows, and William H. Fellows, on the
eighteenth day of December, A. D. 18(58,
upon certain premises therein described,
in the town of Tucson, county of Pima
and Territory of Arizona, to secure the
payment of the sum of six hundred dol
lars in eight months from the date of said
mortgage. That the premises conveyed
thereby may be sold, and the proceeds ap
plied to the payment of the sum of six
hundred dollars due on the srid mortgage,
Avith interest from the'lSth day of.August
1809, and for the costs, disbursements and
expenses of said suit.
If you fail to appear and answer said
complaint as herein required, the plaintiff
will take default against you," and apply to
the Court for the relief demanded in said
complaint.
( j Given under my hand and the
j seal. seal of the District,Court of
1 i 5 the First Judicial District, this
8th day of September, A. J). 1871.
O, BUCKALEAV, Clerk
District Court, First DJst., Arizona.
se'J-'Jw
APPLICATION FOR PATENT.
TJ. S. Land Office, Prescott, A. T. )
Registek's Office, June 23, 1871. f
WOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN TO ALL
JJtI Avhom it may concern, that Polhamns
& Gunther have this day tiled in this office
an application for a Patent from the United
States, under an Act of Congress appro-cd
July 20, i8(i0, and Acts supplementary
thereto, to the following described argen
tiferous galena milling claim, known a the
Flora Temple iiine, situated in the Castle
Dome Alining District, county ot Yuma
and Territory of Arizona, Avhich said min
ing claim embraces 2,000 lineal feet on said
Flora Temple lode and 100 feet on each
Side of the course run, in accordance Avith
the customs of said mining district, as is
more fully shown by a diagram accompany
ing said application: Commencing at this
point, Avhich is situated S. 5Jo deg's, & min
utes Wfrom the south face of Castle Dome
peak; and S. 71 degrees W. from the north
face of the most prominent peak next south
in the Dome'range; thence runnings. 18 de
grees, o0 minutes E., 20 30.100 chains; also
running N 71 degrees, oO minutes W., 10
chains, making in all 2,000 feet of surface
ground, taking in as aforesaid 100 feet on
each side of the course run.
The said claim is named the Flora Tem
ple; is a rock claim composed of argentif
erous galena, and situated about 330 feet
west and running parallel to the Castle
Dome and Buckeye mines, in said Cast!
Dome Mining District, count' of Yuma
and Territory of Arizona, and upon unsure
veyed lands.
Any person or persons claiming adversely
to said applicants must, as required bylaw,
file a notice of the same in this oilicc Avithin
ninety days from the first day of the publi
cation hereof. WM. J. BERRY,
jyS-3m Register.
Charles T- Hayden,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
....DEALER IN....
Every Variety
. OF
MEBCHANDISE.
Tucson, Arizona.
November 5, 1870.
1-tf.
NOTICE
TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN.
You are hereby notilied that from and
after the first day of July, A.D. 1S71, that I
am notholden nor will 1 pay any debts con
tracted against me, or in my name, except
by me personally, or by my personal order.
And all persons indebted to me are hereby
notified to settle with no one forthe same,
except with me personally or my lcirallv
authorized agent. D. C. THOMPSON. "
Sanford, July 1, 1871. jyl-3m

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