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San Diego Advertisements,
Wm. H. Corder & Go ZPIOnST-RTTR, SOAP WORKS, SAN DIEGO, NEAU MAXASSE'S LUMBER YARD. Highest Price Paid For Wool, Hides. Sheepskins and Tallow. SGtf P ACIFIC MAIL STEAMSHIP COMPANY. TOR NEW YORK VIA PANAMA. Cabin, $100; Second Class, $50 Leave wharf corner of First and Bran Tinn trnot nimptiiilllv fit. 11 o'clock A. M. on the 3d and loth of'cach month, (except wncn eiuier uaiu iaiib un oihiuu, mtu ui Saturday preceding,) for PANAMA, con nnntimr vi'n "Pnnnina TJililrnnri. with OllC O the Company's splendid steamers from AS rliN W AL1L1 lOr IN Jli W 1 UiUY. Change of Schedule. .T,ilv i7Mir.nT,ORADO. Cantain W. n, Parker, calling at Mazatlan, Manzanillo am Aoannlco. and connecting with tlie OCEAN QUEEN, via Kingston, Jamaic: Steamer of the 3d calls at San Jose t finntftmnla and Punta Arenas. Throu" tickets sold to and from Liverpool Quccnstovn,Southampton,Uremcn, Ures Havre and Hamburg. For Japan and China. Steamers leave on the 1st of every month punctually at noon, for Yokohoma and liOUflKOn, COUUl'l'LllIJi HI luiumuuia Mini the Company's Branch Line for Shanghac via lliogoanu jNair-istiki. Angust 1st AMERICA, Captain D. R Apply at the Pacific Mail Steamship Company's Office, at their wharf, comer 01 Dirst ana urannau birceit.. VT.nTHnrrE Sr. TRWIN. Asrcnts 25tf C. P. Taggakt, Agt, San Diego Mcdonald & go., SAN DIEGO, CALIFOKNIA. ITox'AvaxHliiig: fc Commission rm in Rnn "Francisco on commis cinn ;iml forward via San Dieiro to any point 'in Arizona without extra charge lor larwarumg. A ny order accompanied by the cash, or ja.sumcient reierences, auurc&scu iu B. Ilolcomb, our partner m aan rraueis co, or to the linn in San Diego, will re ceive prompt attention. Address W. B. Hoi.comb, McDoxald & Co., Pier IS, Stewart St., San Diego. San Francisco. 4tf "Wliolesalo Dealers TjUNE WINES, LIQUORS, and CIGARS. BSICK BTJXiXrDsTC3-, CORNER OF 4TII AXD K STS., J SAN DIEGO. (ItO -Wholesale and Retail Dealers In- GEtfERAL MERCHAUDISE. Also, a Large Assortment of Liquors, hardware, Always on hand, and Everything in their line at lowest market prices. Buy Legal Tenders and Govern ment Vouchers. Conner of Seventh andl streets, San Die go, California. oOmo. DON'T LOSE MONEY! BUY Y'OUR TIN AND BRASS jgja Ware and Stoves at the shopJsegbj. nr the Undersigned, in Allen's W-gjigl Block, Tucson, where iH"5r?t 13 v c r y Description .... of .... TOT ArJD SHEET - IRON - "WARE is sold at Remarkably Low Prices for Cash. Orders solicited and promptly filled on Terms to suit the times. DAVIS fc KELSOJf. B. CONNECTED WITH tini ilnv establishment, is T4'iS') a special department for the Repaii' and. Cleaning ....of.... WATCHES, CLOCKS, "Etc. , DSte. All work warranted as represented. 34tf iron sale. VIOLIN OF THE BEST QUALITY Inquire at Tue Gitizek office, tf Arizona Citizen. TUCSON, PIMA COUNTY, ARIZONA JSalnirclay, - - Oct. 7, 3 871. continued from first page. Western press almost without excep tion, arc unmistakeably and fre quently appealing and arguing the subject in like manner. Is it not with. marvelous unanimity this matter is discussed -whore practically observed ? Is it possible that all the press and people most nearly ' affected by the issue are wrong ? And is it possible that each year of experience intensi fies their error ? "We now turn to remarks of some of the truly humane Eastern press. The New York Evening Post, journal that has for scores of years been noted for its just and advanced views on all questions affecting per sons, says: It is right to deal gently with the Indians, wherever there is reasonable ground for the hope that gentle treat ment will induce them to conduct themselves peaceably. In many cases, no aouDt, tne wanes are much to blame as the Indians, for an Indian Avar: and in so mo cases the fault has been entirely with the whites But the Apaches are an exceptional tribe. yThey arc savages, and only that. They have tor years murdered and outraged the settlers of Western Texas and Arizona ; and the tales of their brutality and treachery, which are told on the most respectable au thority and many or which we havi heard from humane and Christian men, show that with this tribe mild measures premise no useful results and that what is needed is such vigor ous and severe punishment as will cowc them into good behavior. It is quite possible that the Apaches were originally wronged oy tneir white neighbors, and that their feroc ity now is due to causes which acted upon the character ot the tribe many years aero, xsut wnac is neeciea now is that they shall bo peaceable and not revengeful they are only robbers and murderers ; and as society, when it imprisons a pick-pocket or hangs a murderer, does not stop to inquire what made him a criminal, so the safety of the people of Arizona, not only ot the whites, but ot-the peaceful andm dustrious Indians, demands that the ipaches shall bo kept in order, and shall be made to keep the peace, with out reference to the evil iniluences which may, years ago, have helped to turn them into the brutes they are. The appointment of General Crook command m Arizona has been hailed with delight by the people of that Territory, because he is an ener getic and brave officer, prompt and iirorous m all his measures, and while of gentle manners and humane disposition, not a man who will tole rate murder and robbery in the district he commands. The Herald, Journal of Commence, World, and other Now York papers have held similar views at one time or another, and even a late number of The Tribune in referring to Mr Colyer's visit made this pointed re mark : But it stands to reason that Uilr Colyer and his peace agents have no business looking after Apaches Avhilo Crook and his fighters are hunting them also. Either give up the In dians to General Crook, or give up Colyer to the Indians. The Cliicago Post, noted for its hu mane teachings, lately gave a long article to the Apaches, General Crook and Colyer. We extract as follows, nerely introducing the same by say- ins: that it refers first to how Cachise respects a treaty : He would have kept a temperance rjledsre eauallv well. The quota of military in the Southwest became re duced. The quota of Quaker Indian cuts became augmented. The Apa ches found their reservations were mere " imaginary lines," as the chil dren read in the geographies, and Ca chise murdered and stole at his own sweet wUl. The two Territories were reduced to a condition of helpless terror. The stage coach the only means of communication between "the two Capitals was attacked by parties ambush, day after day, the out riders shot, the mail bags cut and their contents strewn over the plains ; the passengers robbed, scalped, and, if omen, murdered a thousand times bo- fore death came ; all this went on, and instead of Stoneman whipping the savages back to their reservation, and the Quakers then maintaining the peace that could not otherwise be made possible instead of Stoneman s col liding with Cachise, we find him in a war of words with the Indian Agent. He was transferred and Crook assigned to his Department. ' v The Apache's ravages continued. The whole West cried to Washington for help, and the President sent troops, and the Indian Bureau sent Vincent Colyer. Colyer and Crook have met. Crook is vanquished Meanwhile Cachise remains master of the situation, and the people of Arizona and New Mex ico are witnesses of a spectacle that reflects little credit on whoever is re sponsible for the folly of its creation. I Crook organized an expedition to scour the mountains and drive the hostile Indians back to the reservation. Before his party had left Tucson, news came there that Vincent Colyer had sent forth paid Mexican scouts to gather in the families and cripples of Cachise's band, and thus leave the ablcj warriors tree to elude their armed pursuers. Colyer's invitation was gladly accepted by the fugitives, and while Crook sent in his audited bills of thousands of dollars expended in getting his men ready ior the conflict Vincent Colyer sent on his bills for preventing Crooks expedition from accomplishing anything. There is something wrong in this self-contradictory system. The In dian agents in the West havo been in command long enough to prove that they cannot wholly prevent murder ous outbreaks: and when a state of war has been produced, despite their efforts to the contrary,, they have no business to interfere with the efforts to reduce the rebels to subjection. As the matter stands now, Cachise, chief of the Apaches, has superseded both Crook and Colyer in the Department ot the southwest. The Grand Army Journal of Sep tember 9, published in Washington has this say on the subject : General Crook's campaign against the Apaches, it is now announced, has oeen rendered a iaiiure ay rue inter ferences of the Peace Commissioners These well-meaning but inpracticable "entlemen have succeeded in playing into the hands ot the savages m manner that must be highly satisfac tory to the warlike red men. The campaign of the Woody Apaches against the defenseless white settle ments is prosecuted with sanguinary success. 1 lie irontior people and i our- nals assert that while the Government is feeding the non-conbatants on their reservations, the hghting Indians are on the war-path. Nothing could be more acceptable to the Indians than this convenient arrangement, and the action of the Government in affording him such unusual facilities for going to war ought to inspire in the savage breast feelings of the liveliest grati tude. " Ugh I " For the present, we turn from the emphatic expressions of well informed journalists to those of men whose knowledge is the result of practical life and official business anions: the. Arizona Indians. It may be well to here introduce the testimony of the world renowned Alexander Von Humboldt, who made his researches on the subject iu 1803 The following is from his " Political Essay on the Kingdom of New Spain." In speaking of the savages of Ari zona, then in Sonora, Baron Humboldt says : The villages de la Pimeria Alta are separated from the banks of the Rio Gila by a region inhabited by inde pendent Indians, of which neither the soldiers stationed in the presidios, nor the monks posted in the neighbouring missions, havo been hitherto able to make the conquest. There is not an intelligent man in the world that will deny the self-sacrificing devotion of the Catholic clergy to conquer the Indians by pious teach ings and humane treatment. Here wo havo unquestionable testimony that neither the soldiers in tho presidios nor the monks in the neighboring missions were able to make the con quest, and to this day the Catholics are laboring for tho same end, and yet in Mexico and here they positively declare that tho work of civilization must be preceded by thorough subju gation by force. The good Bishop of Arizona emphatically holds this opin ion now, and for further information aiiy one may address him at Tucson. Wc now call to tho stand John Peudge, Esq., who was at-the time of his report Special Indian Agent of the Colorado Biver Indians. Hon. George W. Leihy was in 18G6 Superintendent of Indian Affairs in Arizona. He entered upon his duties fully believing that tho Indians would not commit outrages unless provoked by the whites or settlers, and while he lived he practised what he preached, but tho Indians did , not let their friend live long. October 15, 186G, he left La Paz accompanied by his clerk only. Wo will let Indian Agent Feudge tell the fate of Mr. Leihy, which he did under date of December 15, 186G, to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs. Here it is and needs no comment : Mr. Leihy and his clerk, Mr. H. C. Everts, started from Prescott to come to La Paz about 8 o'clock A. ir on Sunday, the ISth ultimo. They had with them in the wagon a friendly Maricopa for interpreter, and an Apa che Mohave Indian. The latter was taken prisoner last July iu the fight at bkull valley, and had been kept m confinement since that time at Prescott. Tho Superintendent was bringing him to this place to turn him over to. his tribe, which belongs to my agency, to be punished by his chief. "When about 12 miles from Prescott, near a place called Bell s ranch, the Super intendeht and party (clerk and two Indians) were attacked and most fiendishly massacred by hostile In dians. It is believed that Miv Leihy fell into the hands of the savages while yet alive, as his arms and legs were broken in several places, his heart torn out, and his head mashed with rocks into a jolly. Mr. Everts' head was cut off and carried away by the savages. Tho wagon was burned and all the animals were killed. This is another sad chapter to the many barbarities Avhich are constantly being committed in this Territory, and notwithstanding that there arc persons to be found ready to assert that there are but few hostile Indians in the Ter ritory, there is not a week passes with out the commission, of some horrible atrocity by Indians. Let the public note specially the foregoing. Mr. Leihy was consistent if imprudent. He sacrificed his life in practicing his belief. How differ ent the case of Vincent Colyer ! The latter is too prudent to say the least to enforce his precepts by examples. He has the wisdom of the frontiers- on tho danger of travel here, and is more fortunate in having the military power of the nation to pro tect him and ho has not failed to avail himself of his superior privilege. Hon. Geo. W. Dent succeeded Mr. Leihy as Superintendent in Arizona. Ho possessed experimental laiowledge of Indian affairs in his charge, and under date of July 15, 1SG7, he made a report to tho Indian Commissioner, from which wo extract as follows : It is but within a few months that additional troops havo been placed in the field, and as the enemy are numer ous, active, wary, without fixed resi dences, inured and familiar to the country, and travel in squads, and their whereabouts are not known till they strilce, a campaign to be fully successful should bo made with many troops, perhaps in numbers exceeding the enemy, and attacking, m every converging point, m an mimeuse territory like this a few troops, though successful m individual encounters, effect little toward the full quelling of the hostiles, and . in my belief, unless a campaign is conducted as uenoral McDowell officially expressed in a plan, "action offensive, persistent, combined and simultaneous," the Apa che war will be interminable. For like opinions by Generals Hal- leck, Sheridan, Ord, Crook, Carlton and others of experience and high landing in tho army, we refer the reader to tho published Executive Documents of? tho United States. Wo will, fill our space by saying that September 14th or 15th, Vincent Colyer declared in presence of com petent witnesses that President Grant told him (Colyer) in substance, in a conversation, that the soldiers had been fighting the Indians long enough, and it was time their bayonets were turned the other way meaning upon the citizens. Colyer also said in sub stance that the power vested in him authorized him to turn the guns of the United States against the citizens at will, without any accountability to anyone. Wo ask attention to these facts : Arizona was organized with a civil government in 1SG3 ; that government has been notably well conducted the Territory being out of debt ; ourciti zens have readily paid their localand national revenues ; tho southern .bor der has been constantly infested -with foreign outlaws ; the Territory ha3 al ways heen overran with merciless of all ages and sexes slain by them ; yet during all this period this suffer ing people (and then very feic) bat one single time resorted to self-defenso outside the Courts or in any exception-' able manner. Vincent Colyer caused the guns of the nation to bo turned upon this people and Arizona wants' to know, with these facts given, ill Colyer's actions meet the approval oft the country 2 t Tucson Postal Directory. 2?" Office opcnfroi8 a. m. tol p. m. except on Sundays, when it will be often from I) to 10 d. m. until further notice. 2Taih West Close at Mp. nu and depart at 4 on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Satur days. Mailt East Depart Sundays, Tuesdays and Thursdays at 12 m. Mails Xortfi Buck-board on Mo7idays and horseback on Thursdays. Mails for Tubac and Sonora Depart Monday at 8 a.m. AEIZOtfA OEPICIAL DIRECTORY XTeclci'al. Delegate in Cougress R. C. McCormlck Governor, A. P. K. Safford ; res., Tucson Territorial Secretary, Coles Bashford " Snpt. of Indian Allaire, Herman EcndelJ. Chief Just., John Titus, 1st Dist., Tucson Associate, Ishain Rcavis, 2d " La Paz " U. A. Tweed, bd " Prescott U S Att'3-, C. W. C. Rowcll, Arizona city U S Marshal, I. Q. Dickason. TJ S Surveyor Gen'l, John Wasson, Tucson Reg'r Land Oflice, W. J. Berry, Prescott Receiver " Georire Lount, " U S Col. In. Rev., Thomas Cordis, Prescott Assessor " H. A. Bigelow, " U S Special Mail Agent, I. N. Dawley U S Depositary, C. II. Lord, Tucson Dcp'y Col'r Cust's, Jas. E. Baker, Tucson T cx'Z'i t ori al . Attorney Gen'l,- J. E. McCaffrey, Tucson Treasurer, John B. Allen, " Auditor, C; II. Lord, " Adjutant General, Samuel Hughes, " DPiiiirx Ccmzritry. Prohatc Judge, John Anderson,. TuscoR" District Attorney, J. E. McCaffrey, " Sheriff, II. Ott, " Recorder, Oscar Buckalew, " Treasurer, J. II. Archibald, " ( J. . bweney, Supervisors, L. M. Jacobs, - " 1 11. fe. htevens, TOWNSHIP OFFICERS. Justice of the Peace, Cr H. Meyers. Justice of the Peace, W. J. Osborn. Constable, John Miller. 3X111 tary. Com'ndcr Deri1 1 A. T., Gen. Gcorae (frooTs lide-dc-Canp, Captain A. If. JTickenoit Chief QuartcniC r, Lt. Col. Chas.1T. Tempkin Inspector General, Major Milton Coyfsiccll Medical Director, IJ. J. Iktiley Disli. Qr. Mr., X Dist., Capt. C. W.Foster " b. " tajn. J. (x. C. Lee eOiniADANTS OF POSTS. Camp Lomll, Majoi'LT. R. Mizner " CrUtmden, Cavt. E. Miles " Dome, Major A. W. Evans " Apache Maj. John Great " McDowell, Major A'. A. MT Dudley " Grant, Capt. Frank Stanvcood " Date Creek, Capt. liichnrd F. CBtirnc " Verde, Lieut. Col. C. Grovcr " irualapa, Cap!. Frederick Van Vliet " Mohave, Captain Richard II. Tond THE CITIZEN" OFFICE XTacllitics for rriiitlnpr ALL KIXD3 OF LEGAL BLAKKS, STOCK CERTIFICATES, PROGRAMMES, BILL-HEADS, POSTERS, CARDS, EKVELOPS, " LETTER-HEADS, IlsPVITATIOITS, TICKETS, ETC., " : " CHEAPLY, Vcatly and to Order 5?rMilitarv Posts supplied with blanks of every description, as Vouchers, Quar termaster's Receipts, &c. &c. Orders from any post, station, mining camp, where there is a mail or express, re spectfully solicited.