Newspaper Page Text
i -Arizona Newspapers
i Past and Present BY A. F. BANTA The first newspaper in Arizona was printed at Tubac; the press was a ."Washington and shipped from Phila delphia, coming around' the Horn to Guaymas, Sonora, and thence over land to Tubac, Arizona. This was in 1S59 and at that time Tubac was the leading "city" in the Gadsden Pur chase; Col. Charles P. Poston and I Lieutenant Sylvestry Mowry were in terested in the venture; Col. Cross Vas editor of the Arizonan, but it had a short life. The press and material became the property of "Uncle" Bill Oury, and by him was moved to Tucson. The old press is now the property of the Arizona Historical society at Tucson an honorable emeritus. The second newspaper in Arizona was the Arizona Miner. It was owned by R. .C. McCormick; Tisdale E. Hand kwas the nominal editor and publisher. This paper was first published at Fort Whipple, then at Chino Valley, and was issued monthly; the first (paper being printed March 9th, 1864. The Tucson Citizen was the third pa per in Arizona; it was started by John "Wasson, surveyor-general, Oc tober 15, 1S70. John "Wasson was the j editor of the Citizen until it became tthe property of R. C. Brown and j George "W. Brown. However, prior to the ownership of the two Browns,' John P. Clum purchased the Citizen land moved it to Florence, but its 'home at that place was of short duration, and it was returned to Tucson. It was a consistent republi- uuu paiier up io lain, and for about punK . pile and the Phoenix 1 Herald twenty years was edited and owned ceased to be ho more. In politics the by the late Herbert Brown. In that Herald was republican from birth to year Mr. Brown sold the paper to death. John H. Behan, Charles M. Shannon The Arizona Star was started as a weekly by A. E. Fay in 1877; subse quently the Star was made, into a and O'Brien Moore; they were demo (IMfo nnr! , payer was mane a. democratic organ with O'R Moore its editor. In March, 191t the Arizona Citizen was purchased by J. T. "Williams and A. B. Jaynes, and once more became a staunch republican newspaper. The fourth newspaper started in Arizona was the Arizona Sentinel at Yuma. The plant was owned by James M. Barney and Judge Wm. J. Berry was the editor. The Sentinel was started in November, 1870. In 1875 J. M. Barney sold the plant to John W. Darrington. It was republi can in politics from start to finish. Mr. Dorrington sold the old Sentinel in 1911 to "W. H. Shorey, owner of the Yuma Examiner, with which pa per, it was consolidated by Mr. Shorey. The Phoenix Herald was established by the McClintock Brothers Charles "arid J.mes in 1878; after the death of ChE.rles it fell into the hands of X. O. Morford, who was the owner and eciitor up to 1898, when it was bought by the Arizona Republican, and xnosj; of the material went to thej daily, or rather a six times per week paper, and was owned and edited by L. C. Hughes, until it was sold to the State Consolidated Publishing Company; the Star has been a dem ocratic paper up to the present time. A Spanish weekly paper known . as the El Fronterizo was established in Tucson in 1878, by Carlos Velasco ' and he is still the editor and pub- j lisher. The Silver Belt, a weekly paper, was founded at Globe by Major A. H. Hackney in 1878. In time the pa per was issued six times per week, and Mr. George H. Hamill was asso-' ciated with Major Hackney as edi tors and proprietors. At this time 1914 the Silver Belt is published at Miami by C. TV. Van Dyke. The Arizona Gazette was establish ed in Phoenix by "Bucky" O'Neill, but shortly afterwards became the Dropertyi of Homer McNeil. ' The Gazette has had, perhaps, more own ers than any other paper in Arizona, and has changed its politics as many times. It Us now owned by C. H. ,1 Akers and H. R. Tritle; it is pub lished six times per week, and in politics it is an old line Jeffersonian, democrat.- The Arizona Republican was found ed by Governor Wolfley in 1890, and is the only daily newspaper published in the state of Arizona up to the present time. Mr. Sims Ely edited The Republican ' for many years, and is one of the most talented and classical writers in Arizona. The Re publican is now owned by Hon. Dwight B. Heard and associates; Billy Si -ar is the editor-in-chief of ! the paper; its present politics is in dependent progressive the party to win out in 1916. Arizona has a large "boneyard" of defunct newspapers. Among the number which flourished for a time are the following: The flagstaff Flag, by Col. Harry Reed; the Flagstaff Champion, by George "W. Tinker; the Flagstaff Gem; the Arizona Pioneer, at St. Johns;, the Apache News, at St. Johns; the St. Johns Snipps; the Mojave County Miner, at Mineral Park; the Arizona Methodist at Tuc son; the Livestock Journal at Tucson; the Enterprise at Prescott; the Dem ocrat at Prescott; the Enterprise, first published at Florence and then, removed to Tucson; the Arizonan at Tubac; the Arizonan by P. W. Doon er at Tucson; the Clifton Clarion at Clifton; the Arizona Mining Index at Tucson; the Prospector at Quijota; the Evening Miner at Benson; the Benson Herald; the Holbrook Critic, by Col. Harry Reed; the Holbrook Champion; the Pinal Drill at Pinal; the Tombstone Nugget; the Nogales News; the Nogales Times: the Para dise Record; the Cochise County Press, at Tombstone; the Gila Val ley Record; the Nogales Record; the Arizona Populist, at Phoenix; the Pick and Drill at -Prescott; the "Pros pect" at Prescott; the Enterprise at Phoenix; the Bouse Times; the Phoenix Sun; a, nondescript at Saf ford called, the- Trailer, and' perhaps some others. The state of Arizona is well sup plied with newspapers; forty-six are weekly publications; thirteen are published six times per week; and one the Arizona Republican is pub lished every day in the year, rain or shine, holiday or no holiday. The entire press of Arizona have been great factors in the development of the whole territory and the state; they have told and continue to tell of the wonderful resources of our ccuntry; of its attractive climate and most promising future. I will close this article vyiti a few words anent the tiiarae Arizona.",. The. name has been described as ai Pima word; a Papago word; an Aztec word and. a, corruption of Arizuma,. brought here by the earlier Spaniards. Now, why go so far afield' How about the names "Texico," "Calexico," etc., etc. "Why not go 'meandering around, hunting up silly "meanings" for" those names? The -name "Arizona' was coined in the same manner as . was "Texico," etc. The Spanish for zone is "zona;" the Spanish for arid is "aride." The same as for the other names, for the sake of euphony the last two letters of the word "aride" are dropped, the same as the "as" in Texas, and the "me" in Mex- ico, thus maLing1 the word ."Texico;"' so it was done with the word "aride," the last two letters were dropped for the reasons above stated, and the first three letters Ari are joined to the word "zona;" hence the name, "Arizona." The name "Arizona'.' Arid-zone was given to all that part of Sonora, from the Planches de Plata north to the Gila river, by the Spaniards, and locally known as such by the Mexican people; and this "Arizona" was afterwards known as the Gadsden purchase. It does seem about time to end all this far-fetching- nonsense about the ; name "Arizona,"