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CITIZEN O TJ TUCSON, PIMCOTMTY, A. T., SATURDAY, APRIL 13, 1872. No. 2J. Vol. 11. THE ARIZONA CITIZEN IS PUBLISHED EVERY SxYTURDAY. SuTssci'lptioix Hates 1 Onrt Oonv. one vcar. - - - $5 00 One Copy, six months -Single numbers 3)00. 25 .Aclvertislns; Kates: Twelve lines in this type, one sq. )nc square, ten lines, one time S3 00 Each subsequent insertion 150 Professional cards, per month : o 00 Plain death notices, free. Obituary re marks in prose, S3 per square ; iu poetry, 2 50 per line. gpjii.sitiess Advertisements at Reduced Hates. Offlcein northeast corner of Congress Kail Mock. JOIIX WASSOX, P-oprietor. Authorized Agents for The Citizen. L. P. Fisher San Francisco Schneider Grierson fc Co Arizona City II. A. Bigclow will receive aud receipt for money for Tins Citizen at Prcscott. Professional Cards, Adv'ts, Etc, W- HANCOCK, NOTARY PUBLIC. Conveyances aud all Legal papers made out with correctness and dispatch. Legal Blanks and Blank Declaratory Statements alwavs on hand. Phenix, A. y.Puc. 20, '71. jaO-tf OFFICE OX PLAZA, P Opposite the Convent. au!2-tf 11. A.. AYXXXiTJXt, t. ID, O F jP I.O Izlz Corxer Stoke and Convent Streets, Tucson, A.. T. lOtf coles xi AJSm oi : o , ATTOBW - -A-T - LAW, TOCSON ARIZONA. "Will practice in all the courts of the Territory. ltf ATTORNEY - AT - XiA"W: U. S. District-Attorney for Arizona.' TUCSON, ARIZONA. Office on Congress street. ltf JOHN" ati3e:iisot. ATTOBNB"Y-AT - LAW, TUCSON, ARIZONA. E special attention given to Chattel Mort raircs under tut law oi xou. Office West side of Church Plaza. 21tf PIONEER NEWS DEPOT AND CIGAR STOSE. o nnHE LATEST NEWSPAPERS, PERI- JL ouicais, .Magazines anu novels. Also, a line assortment of Cigars, Tobacco, Pipes, Etc., constantly on hand. J. S. MANSFELD, Lcciusky's block, uongross-st, Stf Tucson, Arizona E. N. Fish. S Silverberg. Tucson. San Francisco, Jos, Collingwood, Florence. E- N. FISH & CO., V MAIN ST., PLOEEXCE, A. T. Wholesale a jx cl Retail DEALERS IX General Merchandise. -o "AVE constantly on hand a large and well selected stock ot Dry Goods. Clothing, Boots and Shoes, Groceries, Provisions, Liquors, Cigars and Tobacco, Hardware, etc., which wc will sell at the very lowest prices. We have, also, Hay and Grain, constant ly on hand to supply the Public- 5-tf. Administrator's Notice. PARTIES HAVING CLAIMS Vil. asminst. tlio. F.sfntfi of II. T. !o Ti ll HIS, deceased, will present the same, ac companied with proper vouchers, to the undersigned, at his office in Arizona City, Yuma county, A. T., within one year from tte ditc of this notice, or they will be bar red l statute. ALFRED A. jI1X, Administrator. February 15, 1872. fc24-3m HUAIjPAI mines. Their Past and Present History and Some Present "Wants. Governor Safford, who has just re-. turned from, the Hualpai mines in Mohave county, has furnished us with the following interesting items rela ting to that locality : The Hualpai mines, then called the Sacramento, wore discovered in 18G3 by "Wni. Furlough, A. Rose, George Okey, John Commerford and others. They attracted considerable attention. A company expended considerable money in the erection of machinery on the Morse mine, but as has been too often the case in mining on this coast, it was erected in advance of opening the mine. Extravagance characterized the operations. The stockholders living at a distance, knowing nothing of the business and feeling sanguine of large returns at once, were disappointed and dis trusted and the works have since laid deserted and almost unknown. The first locators were poor having little to denend unon save their own labor but their confidence was unbounded in the value of the mines and they worked on as best they could in pov erty until in 1866, when the Hualpai- Apache Indians made a simultaneous attack upon them and killed Beniamin, Baker, Woodworth, Judson, Conover and severely wounded Samuel jn oodle Three of this number were killed at the celebrated Silver Hill mine on eat the windlass and two in the shaft The poor miners finding it impossible to longer hold out against poverty ana the savages' hostility, were compelled to abandon the district ; but so firm was their confidence in the value of tho mines that all Avho could get em ployment to earn a bare subsistence at near settlements, remained waiting for the time when they could go back aud again occupy and hold their prop erty, and those who were compelled to leave the country for labor, with rare exceptions never parted with any of their interests. In the Pall of 1870, Wm. Fee, George Okey and James Fleming, assisted by James P. Bull, Samuel Todd and Benjamin Spear, de termined to make another effort to de velop the district. They divided their scanty rations with the Indians and told them but a few whites would come, and'their interests would not in the least be disturbed, etc., and in this way kept peace and saved their own lives until the rich ore they sent out began to attract attention, and soon a sufficient population had accumulated to protect themselves. The district contains a population of about 600, and is increasing rapidly. -It is situated about twenty miles east of the Colorado river, or thirty miles from Ilardyville, with a good wagon road from the river to the mines. There seems to be a network of lodes for fifteen miles on both sides of the range of mountains, and in some places the lodes crop out and are being developed for miles into the val ley. The lodes are of every conceiv able character and contain every va riety of metal. AEany of tho lodes are large, well defined, and encased in smooth walls ; others are narrow and near the surface not well defined, and are undoubtedly feeders to the larger veins. These small ones are usually the richest in silver, often producing fifty cents to the pound of rock. The larger ones generally con tain a large percentage of lead and copper, with sufficient gold and silver to make them of great value. A per son traveling over this district for fif teen miles, seeing lodes and rich float on every hand, will feel impressed that he is passing over one vast bed of ore. One mine is being opened by Mix & Co., where large excavations have in bygone ages been made. No one knows, or probably ever will, who the old people were that did the work. The tools with which they did it, are tho only record they have left. Al ready fifty-six stone hammers have been found, which seems to indicate that the only tools with, which they had to work stone were of stone. It must have been a slow process, but Cortcz found among the old Monte zumas, large amounts of gold and silver, and it is likely that Arizona furnished her portion. One small mill has been erected by Wm. H. Hardy, and is in successful operation. Two smelting furnaces are in process of construction under tho management of Mr. Elder and Mr. Coover. Both these gentlemen liavo had large experience in building and conducting furnaces at . Cerro Gordo, and are sanguine that no such exten sive and rich field for mining opera tions" has yet been found on tho coast. Other furnaces and mills will be transported from San Francisco. It is not unreasonable to suppose a popula tion of 5,000 will be there betore this year closes. Three 'towns have been started, and already boarding nouses and saloons are in full blast in each. Chloride is located in the northern part of tho district and is pleasantly situated. Four miles south is Mineral Park, nearly surrounded by high hills and is very appropriately named. Five miles further south is is Cerbat, also iii, a pleasant location. There does not seem, as yet, to be that bitter ness which generally exists between rival towns. Each man seems to feel that his town has sufficient resources near by to in time draw the county seat without much talk about it imd perchance tho Capitol of the Territory; and should the Capitol at Washington get to gadding about, it might just as well move to tho Great Colorado, as to stop on the turbid waters of' the Mississippi. It has been the intention of the Central Pacific Railroad Company to run a branch of the 35 th parallel to the Colorado as soon as the business would pay. If the road were now in running order, it would probably be one or the best paying on the coast. The country is much in need of more mail facilities. jo mail is carried to the mines, and all . matter has to be brought from Hardy ville by express or private hands : and only a horse back mail is carried up and down the rive once a week. The route of this mail could be changed with little or no inconvenience to the contractor, so as to run through the mines ; but a new contract should be at once let to carry a mail from Prescott to Califor nia via this district. As it is now sit uated, it requires from six weeks to two months to communicate by letter "with Prescott and Tucson, or with San Francisco. This delay is simply ruin ous on the business of the country. It is surely to be hoped when Uncle Samuel reflects what a hard struggle these hardy miners have, and are making to open this immense treas ury, and Jiow largely it will contribute to his wealth, that he will without de lay give them needed mail facilities. The attention of mining men and capitalists has been turned that way, and there seems to be no fear but Hualpai discrict alone will give some idea to the outside world of the im mense mineral wealth of Arizona. The little history hero riven of its dis covery and abandonment, will impart some notion of how difficult it' has been to even hold possession of any portion of this Territory. As before stated, this district is within twenty miles of a navigable river, and yet for years the savages held undisputed sway and no white man could live there. Nearly every mountain in the Terri tory is- threaded with veins of gold and silver, and the time is fast ap proaching when the adventurous miners of California, Oregon, Ne vada, Idaho and Montana will come here in such numbers that wo will be able to hold, if in no other way, and develope all our resources. A number of men are now working placer mines on the bars of the Colorado, abont 75 miles from Hualpai district. They report making from $4 to $20 per day with rockers,0and it is thought tho dig gings will prove extensive. Little or no work can bo done on account of high water from May until August. Pnoi-Essoit S. F. B. Mouse, the in ventor of tho electric telegraph, died in New York on April 2, at tho age of eighty-one years. Truly, he was one of America's great men ; and one, -too, who lived to see his marvelous inven tion put in practical operation through out and over most all of tho civilized earth, and under tho vast Atlantic ocean and some seas. ' Governor Safford made the fol lowing appointments on March 26: Charles W. Schroder, John G. Shaven and Edward H. Smith, No taries'for Mohave county; and J. S. K. Plant, Comissioncr of Deeds, to re side in "Washington, D. C. 1 1. ItEAVXS . AGAIN. - .. Tiiig disgraceful man is playing ' judge " yet in a way never before attempted by any one of which his tory has made a record. It is difficult to determine whether he is more of a fool than malignant. His acts dis close both elements immensely devel oped. He is either a natural tyrant or a vicious fool probably both. Presuming that when removed from office, he would probably do as he piteously wrote and said he wanted to do, (become a practitioner of law in Arizona,) .and desired to be considered as having done wrong without a pur pose to do it, wo hoped to have mainly done with him only afterwards re ferring to him as a warning to others in like positions ; but his late acts at Arizona City require a more public recital. April 5, ho opened the Court ; called in J. D. O'Hara and Charles Jones; administered to each an oath to an swer questions ; then interrogated them regarding remarks about him self, made by Clarence Gray,' Esq., an attorney at law, and the able and respected District Attorney of Yuma county. The answers showed that Mr. Gray had stated that some ar rangement had been made whereby Pea vis was to receive 2,000 from a San Francisco firm for getting their claim of about" $10,000 against the estate of J. W. Jones allowed and paid. Gray desired to cross-examine O'Hara and Jones, "but Pea vis peremp torily commanded "silence, " and at tho same moment commanded the Sheriff " to keep order in the Court" meaning to prevent Gray from speaking.' Gray attempted to explain that he had a ris-ht to crossexamine the parties, but as before was silenced 'The Court" then read the affidavits of admission to practice of Gray and S. L. Cutter, who were both admitted near the same time in said Court. This action was understood to have been taken by said "Judge" because Gray had been admitted to practice in the Supreme Court on the ground that he was then an Attorney of the District Court. Beavis, alias the Court, then stated that the affidavit of Gray was insufficient and that he procured his admission to practice by a lraud, and thereupon directed tho Clerk to enter an order, which wits obeyed, suspending Gray from practice in any and every Court' iu this Terri tory, until the first Monday in July next, at which time he is cited to show cause why he shall not forever bo debarred from practice. Bully old Judge! ain't you, I. Eeavis? The order is based upon Gray's alleg ed use of slanderous, false and mali cious remarks with regard to the said Judge, and for willful disobedience of an order of the Court, and tho Clerk was directed to send a copy of the order to the Clerks of the Supreme and District Courts aud to each Justice of the Peaco in the Territory. Gray asked to be allowed to speak in his own behalf, but was again peremp torily silenced and the Sheriff com manded to keox order in the Court. Comment on this bit of Court his tory would be useless. 'It is a piece of the vicious closing of a judicial career, disgraceful and contemptible beyond description or even belief abroad. Tho only wonder is that a free people witness and hear such con duct in peace. That they do so, is tho highest evidence of their law abid ing disposition. The gods have surely got Eeavis mad enough for utter de struction. I The wife of General Crook came to ( Arizona, by the Newborn on her last trip, and is on her way to Prescott 'KAIIiROAD MATTERS. Just now the news on this subject is not rejuvenating.. Probably the lull will soon give way to active work. The well-infdrmed San Diego Union, of date April 4, has this item regard ing the work in Congress': Letters from Washington state that this matter will not be reached tor snniB time, and we may therefore prepare to wait a while longer. It is quite likely that Mr. norton wm re main in Washington until near the close of the session, in May. As matters appear, it would not surprise us if the Southern Pacific, leading from San Francisco, would reach Arizona about Mohave, ero long. The road is now near Yisalia, and as the Hualpai mines aro daily "iving evidence of richness and per manence, and the population is rap idly increasing there, many sensible observers believe a road to the Colo rado near them would pay from this time forward. If this belief is well founded, no men will know and act upon it sooner than the shrewd man agers of the road named. Ihey manage to reach every new pomt just as soon as business is sufficiently developed to insure a steady increa&u with improved facilities. Tiie Coyotero-Apaches at Apache are preparing to put in a large crop of beans and corn and seem contented, according to private .accounts. Late in March, they had a lovely old fight among themselves, in which a captain and his son' were killed. Early in this month, Captain W. D. Fuller was 'tinder arrest for conduct, conditions duly estimated, which must havo made these Apache broils somewhat respectable. In his manly efforts to make the Apaches regard themselves his superior, the warrior Fuller drew his pistol on Lieutenant F. K. TJpham. As we are not advised why ho did this bold act, we may fairly presume it was because Lieutenant TJpham is a good officer and well behaved gen tleman. D0NN0LLYS G CALIFORNIA PREaiiU-U YEAST POWDER. Great Reduction Only $1G per Gross. Use the host and the cheapest Powder liver ollercd to the public. No one can make good bread without Donuolly's Yeast Powder. Twenty-live gross of pure white least Powder made every day. For sale by all Grocers. Factory, 121 Front Street, Sax Francisco. D. CALLAGIIAN, Proprietor, rc-Every one uses Donnolly's Cream Tartar and Donnolly's Soda and Salcratus. ma'J-3m J. F BEiWETT&CO., Overland .ZMCail and. lEzscpree Convpany, A BE NOW RUNNING A A , tl,.ni times a week, from Tucson to the .Burn ri two-norse vemuiu imv-v. Mines, where tney connect wuu uuuuum For All Parts of Hew Mexico, Texas Chihuahua and Eastern States. -Particular Attention paid to carry ing Express Matter, and comfort of Pass engers. Office at Lasinsky & Co.'s store, Tucson. ("ol3tl) SMotice. nnHE COLORADO STEAM NAVIGA J tion Company's Steamslilp :N"e-vr"bem Leaves San Francisco for mouth of Col orado river on first of every month, con necting with river boats. Freight landed at Yuma in twelve (12) days from Sau Francisco. Agencies of the Company 010 Front street, San Francisco, California; Yuma and Ehrcnbcrg, A. T. J. POLHAMUS, Jr., 1TJ9-Iy General Superintendent.