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Vol. n. TUCSON, PIMA COUNTY, A. T., SATURDAY, APRIL 20, 1872. "pro. 28. THE ARIZONA CITIZEN is PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY. Siibscrrption Kales: One Copy, one year, - - - $5 00 fine f!nnv. siv months - r 3 00 Single numbers - Advcrtisinff Rates: rTwelvc lines in this type, one sn.l One square, ten lines, one time 53 00 Each subsequent insertion ISO Professional cards, per month 8 00 Plain death notices, free. Obituary rc marks in prose, S3 per square ; in poetry, u 50 per line. tJusi7icss Advertisements at Seduced Rates. Office in northeast corner of Congress Hall Block. JOE2T WASSOX, Proprietor, Authorized Agents for The Citizen, L. P. Fisher San Francisco Schneider Grierson & Co Arizona City H. A. Bigelow will receive and receipt for money for Tun Citizen at Prescott Professional Cards, Adv'ts, Etc. "W -A.- HANCOCK, NOTARY PUBLIC. Conveyances and all Legal papers made out with correctness ana aispatcn. Legal Blanks aud Blank Declaratory Statements always on hand. Phcnii:, A. T., Dec. 2(3, '71. jaO-tf OFFICE ON PLAZA, Opposite the Convent. aulitT It. A. -WJOLBTJJR, jI. I, OPFICB: Corker Stone and Convent Streets Tucson, A. T. lGtf COIiES BASHFOBB, ATTORNEY - - LAW, TUCSON ARIZONA. "Will practice in all the co'urts of the Territory. ltf T. IE. McCAFFKY, ATTOB1M JJ bZ" - AT.- XjA"W, XK S. District Attorney for Arizona. TUCSON, ARIZONA. Office on Congress street. ltf joians" Asjm its o:v. ATTORNEY - AT - X.A"W, TUCSON, ARIZONA. E special attention given to Chattel Mort srajres uuacriuc law ot xoll. Office West side of Church Plaza. zm PIONEJDK IEWS 'DEPOT AND GKJAR stoez 0 mHE LATEST NEWSPAPERS, PERI JL odicals, Magazines and Novels, Also, a fine assortment ef Cigars, Tobacco, Pipes, Etc, ' constantly on hand. J. S. MANSFELD, Lccinsky's block, uongress-st, Stf Tucson, Arizona E. N. Fisn. S Silverberg. Tucson. San Francisco, Jos. Collingwood, Florence. E, . FISH & Q MAIN ST., FLORENCE, A. T. Wholesale and Ectail DEALERS IX General Merchandise. HAVE constantly on hand a large and well selected stock of Dry Goods, Clothing, Boots and Shoes, Groceries, Provisions, Liquors, Cigars and Tobacco, Hardware, etc., which w.e will sell at the very lowest prices. Wc have, also, Hay and Grain, constant ly on hand to supply the Public- 5-tf. Administrator's Notice. ALL PARTIES HAVING CLAIMS against the Estate of 31. D. Dob bins, deceased, will present the same, ac companied with proper vouchers, to the undersigned, at his office in Arizona City, Yuna county, A. T., within one year from tte date of this notice, or they will be bar TOil oj statute. ALFRED A. MIX, Administrator. February 15, 1872. fe24-3m THE INDIAX BUSINESS. The Peace Policy as Explained by the Reverend Smith, and General HowardRemarks of Each at Ari zona City on the 8th instant, Au thoritatively Reported by Colonel J. G. C. tee. General Howard introduced Rev. E P. Smith as the Government Agent ior the Chippewas or Minnesota, who spoke ot the peace policy of the pres cut ; that it differs from the old poli cies in being an earnest effort to lift Indians into civilization, by dealing justly with them on reservations, and insisting that all agents and em ployees sent to them shall fairly repre sent and execute the purpose" of the Gov ernment. Indeed, this peace policy so-called is a now policy mainly in the fact that it changes the character of the appointments of the agents and employees, who deal directly with the Indians. These appointments are now made on the nominations ot the various religious societies of the coun try, which societies hold themselves responsible for their character and conduct, and also furnish additional aid in schools and teachers. Thus there may be established on every res ervation a colony of sober, indus trious, honest laborers: a farmer, blacksmith, carpenter, miller, physi cian and teacher, aud their families These all teach by example as well as precept, and after a while are able to reach the Indians, gradually win their confidence and induce them to begin to labor for themselves. Then farms are opened, houses built, schools set up, and the Indians brought slowly out of barbarism. If the children can be kept at school, and this process continued two genera tions, barbarism is cured. That's what the new policy proposes, and'it is succeeding beyond the expectations of those who undertook it two years ago. As a result, the moral senti ment of the country that demanded its adoption, now insists more than ever on its fair trial the country over. So strong and deep and universal is this demand, that it cannot be resisted. It is the President's policy. His instincts and forecast of public opinion led him to accept it. Tho Secretary of the Interior approves it from convic tion and expediency. The people will have it, and any riarty or administra tion, or General in command, who at tempts to resist it, will go down be fore it. The speaker had a right to say this, because he represented one of those religious bodies to whom this work had been assigned by the Govern ment, and knew how that body and others feel on this question. The moral sentiment of the nation is fairly aroused, and in the long run is not to be ballled. The demand is that there shall be a change from fraud and corruption to honest dealing. Men are to be put in charge of Indians who can be trusted to make a pound of beef weigh six teen ounces. The old time adminis tration of affairs, under which an of ficer whose salary is fifteen hundred dollars, has readily sold for fifteen thousand dollars, is .to give way, and under the new, mst, humane and Christian effort, even the wretched, barbarous Indians- of Arizona can be reached. gexerax Howard's remarks crenerai iiowara saia the previous speaker had anticipated him somewhat in reference to the wide-spread, quick ened moral sentiment ot the country on the Indian question. He had had special oportunity to know how the pulse of public feeling beats from his contact with so many of the very best men in the laud, with whom he had been associated in the work for the freedmen for the past seven years. This sentiment is not confined to parties the country feels it, Demo crats as well as Republicans. Tho unanimity which demands a change is wonderful. Through all the years of great expenditure, nothing has been done, and the reason is, nothing has been aimed at we have purposed nothing. When education, among other helps, was proposed for the freedmen, Gen. Sherman said: "You have undertaken what cannot be done." I believed it could bo done. At any rate I knew it ought to be done, and we went to work on tho principle that a man is a man, and by tho results demonstrated the prin ciple. It needed a definite thin aimed at, and an adherence to it right through to the end The new policy does not consist in a change of agents only. The old theory respecting Indians is wrong at the bottom. We hold up a set of savage tribes as independent nations and make treaties with them, as if they were capable of being a treaty- making power. What does the new policy propose 'i It takes up the .In dians as the wards of the nation, and makes an honest practical effort to treat them as human beings, capable, after proper instruction and help, ot living in a civilized way What can be done with them if we do not elevate them 'f I have heard men talk of extermination. Well, if that' it, then begin with the first Indian you meet, kill him on sight, and so on until the last red man is gone, introduce poison among them. This is extermination in a straightforward way. 3ut this nation is not to do that, nor anything like it. There is but one mind on that question I am asked to decide between two policies, There is now really but one policy and it is not mixed. The, Secretary of War and tho Secretary of the In terior aprree with the President. What he desires vou will see from his letter. They all mean to give the peace policy a lull and fair trial. 1 have letters from them all. They insist on peace if it can be had, and they do not propose meanwhile to leave tho citi zens of Arizona in the terror of roh bery and murder by savages, but to protect them, and at the same time give the Indians a fair chance under honest agents and in security from the attacks of hostile tribes or hostile whites, to come under the influences of civilization on a reservation of their own. I am instructed to study the Indian question ill Arizona, to consult with citizens and officials and army officers as to the best course to be pursued. and also if found practicable to take a delegation -of Indians to Washing ton for conference and to impress them with the hopelessness or contending against the United States. You will see how earnestly tho President feels on the subject from his letter by mo to Gen. bchoneld. Gen. Howard then read the letter in full. J The President assigns as the rea son tor sending out the vJommission his own anxiety, and that felt by the public generally, thatinthe future In dian hostilities shall bo avoided, and that the policy to civilize and elevate the Indians shall prove successful. It is not proposed by the Commission to interfere with military movements ordered, by the proper authority, but the hope is expressed that a sym pathy of views may be entertained between the officers or the army and Gen. Howard. It is not proposed to abandon use ot force it the Indians will not come under such restraint as will insure the security of Avhito set tlers, neither is it proposed to give protection all on the Indian side, but if tney will submit, protection by military force shall be given alike to all. The General continued: Is there anything in that letter to which the citizens of Arizona will obiect ? You do not doubt but that this policy might be tried on the Copopahs and the friendly tribes along the river, But the Apaches! you say; the murderous Apaches ! what is the sense of trying to civilize such savages Nothing can be done with them until they have been whipped, by which is meant that you must kill a certain number to make the rest suDimssive. 1 believe in war when it is necessary, but it must be for a definite cause and pushed with vigor and brought to an end. Some people say because I am a Christian a fact I never deny, but rejoice in that therefore I am a milk-and-water sort of man, going round to pat everybody on the back. I could not be more misunderstood. At a meeting held in Washington in tho interest of universal peace, just as I was leaving for this coast, they in sisted on. my speaking. I told them I believed in peace, but only the peace that insured security and justice. For that kind of peace I will fight any time when it is necessary. So I believe now. But in all fighting WO WILL lint: fnrjret that we are men, civilized men, not savages; . ... . I that wo seek neace ana not war. If at any time during tho rebellion a j flag of truce had been sent into our lines, would we not have tried hard to agree and stop blood-shod ? So say now, war when it is war, but peace at the first moment possible, and when we hght, it should be only civilized war. Why, I have heard that Indian children, taken captives. nave Deen tnrown out ot a wagon while moving and shot dead as they struck the ground. How can I be lieve it i That cannot be done by civilized men. ihe white people Arizona cannot be savages. You have Anglo-Saxon blood in your veins. You may have been a long time out in this rough country, but am sure you have not forgotten home and early education to learn barbarism of tho savages that hght you. We do not need to turn savages to conquer fifteen hundred Indian warriors. Let the nation see what ought to be don in tho proper way. We can send troops enough to begin at one corner of your Territory and run a skirmish line straight across and move down your whole length, combing out every crawling, skulking savage; but w must see it to bo necessary must be united about it. At present the peo pie and the Goverment insist on a trial of the peace policy. Let us gather these Indians on reservations and have iorce enough to keep them and protect them there. I am pre pared to recommend tho sending at once of five thousand additional troops, if required, to enforce the peace policy on this basis. Come, then, gentlemen, give us a hand let us have peace in Arizona Then your country will be open and sate ; your mineral wealth will b developed; emigration will flow in and tho day of prosperity will dawn not immediately patience and firmness are always necessary. Tho work is slow but it will come along 1 wish Agent femith had told you what even a year of honest, patient work has done tor the Indians in Min nesota. You know how cursing.drunk enness, bitterness, murder and all violence held sway among the Sand wich Islanders. There seemed to bo no hope, but at last tho right men and right methods cirried. The whole country was upheaved and revolutionized. . When our army crossed over on tho Helena Island, off South Carolina wo found the most degraded negroes of this country. They were among the last who had been imported from Africa. When I saw them so low, so degraded I said, " what can be done for them or with them ? " But two teachers from Massachusetts two Christian women already on the ground, had settled the question. The children could learn were learning like other children. That will lift up and save any people, only press it hard enough and strong enough, aud do not confine your teaching to the school-room merely, but give it to every department of life. Vileness and disease, and death and every vice of idleness and barbarism are to be cured. Of course it will take time and patience. A little Indian orphan boy, pick ed up by Gen. Sheridan after one of those horrible massacres, in" which In dians take their turn of vengeance, was brought to Washington. They did not know what else to do with him, so they turned him over to tho Preedmen s Bureau. He was a sav age, thorough-bred, with all the feroc ity ever abscribed to his race. For a while I was troubled about him. Jtie did not civilize. Everybody that met him seemed delighted to punch and poke him to see his fierceness and draw tho savage fire. A thousand years of that education would not have saved him. At last a Christian mother took himinto her home, wash ed him, clothed him and treated him for all the world as if he were her own boy. That did it. In one year the boy was transformed. He goes to snhool with mv own son, and is getting ahead of him in his studies. To chaDge his life and habits we need ed to change his surroundings. So for all barbarous people. Uhange their circumstanoes. If necessary, manufacture circumstances. It is prac ticable only have a will to euro these Indian difficulties. This is my belief. Settle them peaceably if we can, by war if wo must, but settled they shall be. -TTT 1 AT ,1 u-t. uav u, ruuurcuiat mc renown." Major and military lawyer Alizner -went to Grant this week. Prescott and Vicinity. The Miner of April 6 has in detail the substance of what follows : In the last week of March the In dians attacked a number of men at different times within three miles of the post in Yerde Valley. Philip Winkler was shot in the neck by three pieces of lead, but will recover from the wounds. M. K. Lerty was shot at by the savages,. but escaped un hurt. On their way from Verde to Prescott, a party saw much Indian sign. Tho Apaches stole a horse and robbed a cabin of everything porta ble, on Upper Lynx creek. Mules and horses were missing at Bradshaw. The Apaches stole four oxen from the Del Pasco mill, from Mr. Stanton, who but a short time previous lost his horses by the same thieves. They also stole two fine horses at Burnt Ranch, within a few miles 'of Prescott, owned by A. Reisback. The above were all the depredations reported for one week. In mining matters the reports are good. Tiger is getting better. A 4 stamp mill was running on Del Pasco ore with a daily result of some $260. Five tons of very rich ore was on the dump of the Benjamin, and ready for shipment to San Francisco. Fred ericks & Hammond were putting up a mill on the Hassayampa, and would soon have it ready for crushing. The Miner is advised that C. A. Luke sold an interest in the Marion mine to Sam Ho'ffher for 3,000, and that the Empire, Schuyler and Sche nectady ledges were sold for 14,000. These several ledges are m Hualpai district. T'V n.fpnrrlnTifp -unfli liiw OmrorTi cr Giddings of New Mexico has order an election to be held on the first Mon day in June to give the electors a chance to express their approval or disapproval of a Constitution and State government for that Territory. A lawyer in Terra Haute (Ind.) lately went to an editor's office to cano him. The doctors have dug three bul lets out of his frame, and say there is another one that they can't find, which will probably kill him. Lewis C. Hughes was appointed Notary Public for Pima county, by the Governor on the 18th instant. D0NN0LLTS ALIF OltJflA PREMIUM YEAST POWDER. C Great Reduction Only 16 per Gross, in SO Gross Xots. Use the best and the cheapest Powder ever offered to the public. No one can make good Dreaa witnont Donuolly's Yeast Powder. Twenty-live gross oi pure wmtc icasr. Powder made every day. For sale by all Grocers. Factory, 121 Front Street, Sax Francisco. D. CALLAGHAN, Proprietor. fW Everv one uses Donnolly's Cream Tartar and Donnolly's Soda and Saleratus. may-am J. F- BENNETT &CO.P SOUTECEEW O verland iMall and Exprcs Company, ARE NOW RUNNING A rSggR two-horse vehicle threeitSsSSss times a week, from Tucson to the Bum Mines, where "they connect-with Coaches For All Parts of Hew Mexico, Texas Chihuahua and Eastern States, "Particular Attention paid to carry ing Express Matter, and comfort of Pass- lgers. Office at Lasinsky fc Co.'s store, Tucson. (nol3tl) Notice. THE COLORADO STEAM NAVIGA tion Company's Stcamslilp NoAvboiux Leaves San Francisco for month of Col orado river on first of every month, con necting with river boats. Freight landed at Yuma in twelve (12) days from San Francisco. Agencies of the Company CIO Front street, San Francisco, California; , Yuma and Ehrcnberg, A. T. J. POLHAMUS, Jr., IjSrtMy General Superintendent.