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(TFIZKN voL.'n! TUCSON, PIMA COUNTY, A. T., SATURDAY, AUGUST 3,1872. "prq.3: THE ARIZONA CITIZEN is PUBLISHED. EVERY SATURDAY. 'Siifosorlption Kates: One Copy, one year, - - -. ?5 00 One Copy, six months - w Single numbers - - - o Advertising Kates: Twelve lines in this type, one sq. One square, ten lines, one time S3 00 Each subsequent insertion 150 Professional cards, per month 3 00 Plain death notices, free. Obituary re marks in prose, ?3 per square; iu.poetry, 2 50 per line. Business Advertisements at Reduced Rates. Office south side (Jourt-houseTlaza. JOHN WASSOX, Proprietor. Authorized Agents for The Citizen. L. P. Fisher San Francisco Schneider Grierson & Co Arizona City E. Irvine & Co .Plicmx II . Bigclow will receive and receipt for money for Tnn Citizex at Preecott. Professional Cards, Adv'ts, Etc. Xi C HUGHES, Attorney and Counsellor at taiv, Congress Stkeet, Tocsov. my-tf . W. HANCOCK-, NOTAEY PUBLIC. Conveyances and all Legal papers made out with correctness and dispatch. Legal Blanks and Blank Declaratory Statements always on hand. Phenix, A. T., Dec. 20, '71. jab-tf j- G 3LA3XT-&9 JsL- X)-, Office ox Meyer Stkeet, ! Opposite "Marsh's Bcstauraut. auV-Mf 11. A. 3X. J. O IF IF I C 33 Corner Stone and Convent Streets, Tucson, A. T. ltitf COLES BASHFOKD, TUCSON ARIZONA. Will practice in all the courts of the Territory. ltf J. IE. 3XcCA3TIT,IlY, ATTOENBST - -A-T - XiA.W, U. S. Bistrict Attorney for Arizona.' ' TUCSON, ARIZONA. Office on Congress street. ltf PIONEER U EWS DEPOT CIGAR ST0EE. o THE LATEST NEWSPAPERS, PERI odicals, Magazines and Novels. Also, a line assortment of Cigars, Tohacco, Pipes, Etc., constantly on hand. J. S. MANSFELD, Lccinsky's block, uongress-st, Stf Tucson, Arizona E. N. Fisn. S Sieverherg. Tucson. San Francisco, -los. Collingwood, Tloreuce. E. N. FISH & CO., MAIN ST., FLORENCE, A. T. Wholesale and Bctall - -DEALERS IN General Merchandise. HAVE constantly on hand a large and well selected stock of Dry Goods, Clothing, Boots and Shoes, Groceries, Provisions, Liquors, Cigars aijd Tobacco, Hardware, etc., which we will sell at the very lowest prices. We have, also, Hay and Grain, constant ly on hand to supply the Public 5-tf. Notice. THE COLORADO STEAM. NAVIGA tion Company's Stcamsliip jSToa bexux Leaves San Francisco for mouth of Col orado river on flrst of every month, con necting with river boats. Freight lauded at Yuma in twelve (12) days from San Francisco. Agencies of the Company C10 Front street, San Francisco, California: Yuma and Ehrenbcrg, A. T. " J. POLHAMU8, JR., iffl-lJ General Superintendent. GEX. HOWARD'S REPORT. Following is all of General How ard's report on his Arizona mission which is of special interest to our peo ple, and still we regret that limited space compels an omission of any part. "What we give is verbatim as found in The Washington Chronicle, and was addressed to the Secretary of the Interior, July 5. As the matter has some ink corrections on the mar gin, it is fair to presume it has been reviewed by General Howard or an Aid, and hence correct. We first omit what he says of his instructions, objects of his mission, and journey to Arizona City. The report then says : I was hardly there when I received fiiendly calls from the people, and a re quest from the editor of Tho Arizona Sen tinel to permit him to publish my views on certain points that ho presented. I did so, and also, as you requested, met tho people in public assembly and addressed them. I found that the citizens felt as though their side had not been properly presented to you and to tho President; that Indians had committed depredations, and had taken tho lives of their friends all along their routes of travel and that all the symphathy was given to the Indian, while they were more especially a part of us and neglected. "When t -,r..iir instructions and the President's letter, and astured them of an earnest desire on the part of tlie uovernmcnt ami puupiu of the country to give ihem protection, sympatbv and aid, they met' me with great cordiality and. kindness. I could find ro wherc in this place any disposition actively to oppose tho efforts the Government is making in behalf of the Indians. There prevails, I know, the usual want of faith that we very often find on our fron tiers in the possibility of success in the work of education when applied to the Af rican, Chinese or Indian. Tho people judge that tho imbecility they notice will prevent the acquirement of in struction, whereas it requires Instruction to remove tho imbecility. Strong faith in the nnocHiilifv of success is always necessary to teachers vf10 are breaking up new ground. You notice ttio truu; oi mis want oi iaun at Arizona City. A largo number of Yuma In dfans, of both sexes, are to be met daily in tho streets and on the bank of the river. These arc .idle, careless, ignorant, and of ten debased by whisky and licentiousness, and though there arc many Americans, and they have stnrtcd a school for tho children of the citizens, there is no school, no Sun day school, no church, no instruction, for the Indians, so that oach generation gravitates to a lower level than the preceding. Monday, the 8th. wo went to the-camp of Pasqual, the old Yuma chief. Ho is an old man. tall and slonder, with much dignity of deportment. Though now very thin in flesh, and in much pain from sickness, he exhibits considerable ability, and has still great influence with his tribe. The descrip tion of this people is about the same as that of tho Cocopas. They show more spirit, seem quick-witted, laugh heartily, but num bers of them have pvidcntlybccn poisoned, all through, with tho vices and habits of worthless white men. They were conquered by our troops some twenty-five years ago, and a peace was established, as they claim, with conditions UDon both sides, fulfillcfZ faithfully by them, but not by us. The interview -was provided for by Pas qual, in front of his house, (a closo hut, without window, floor or furniturc.jundcr a brush awning, by spreading blankets on the ground, placing benches for our party, and opposite seats for himself, and his principal men on his right. He wished inc to remain to soe all bis captains, for several could not be brought in upon my short notice ; but finding I could not remain repeated bis re quests and statements, much as -he had done to General Meigs previously. (Sec General Meigs' letter in appendix.) As Dr. II. Bendell, the Superintendent, had evidently not received the instructions from the Com missioner, General Walker, to supply these Indians, and as the season of greatest need was already upon them, I thought it better to isue axes, shovels, planting boes, and a limited quantity of clothing and food at once, rather than make a promise to bo ful filled by another. I arranged with the Government contractor at Arizona City to fill the requisition, the details of which are in the accompanying communication, mark ed "A." T also conferred upon Captain A. B. McGowan, Twelfth Infantry, stationed at Fort Yuma, the authority of an Indian agent, nis autioritvis to extend to .tho Cocopahs within the Unite ! States, theYu mas, tho Chemnevcs, and other Indian lands along the river, not to exceed cne hundred and twenty miles above Fort Yuma. (See appendix, communications marked "B," "C" and "D.") I do not recommend tho'retention of a military agent perma nently. It will unify and simplify this work of your Department to give the super vision of all these Indians to the Indian Agent in charge of the Colorado Reserva tion, with instructions to visit them fre quently, provide for them in tho years of extreme need, when the prolonged drouth or other cause prevents thom from planting. He car, encourage them to work, and press continually upon his society for help in tho way of. schools. By a.HUle painstaking mcny Indians, inoro especially the chjjdrqp, can bo rescued from their present perilous and degraded condition. Some cases of cruelty to the Indians, by employes along the river and in the city, were officially reported to me. It is the old story, wnere mo rougn men, jiko tuo quon dam slave overseer, have a little authority over others. Tho Indians are tugging away at a heavy burden ; they do not move quickly enough to suit the overseer, so he knocks down one after anqthcr, accompany ing his blows with a profusion of oaths. A young man is severely whipped with a raw bide, on charge of theft, without trial or condemnation by court or magistrate. After learning the facts from both sides in the latter case, and hearing Pasqual say that ho did not care for the punishment if any of his young men would cross the river and do mischief, I thought it best to take no further official steps. I speak of these things here, to call attention to the necessity of some careful legislation, that every man, whether citizen or Indian, may have proper, speedy, and clearly defined remedies and protection under the law. From Arizona City we wont to Camp Mc Dowell, a four company post, under the command of Major (late general) E. A. Carr. General Crook had been there, and lifr. nirain for Prnsnntt. hearinc that I had gone thither another way. Major Carr promptly sent messengers lor me, anu ac companied me the next day to meet General Crook, some thirteen miles from McDowell. General Ciook had turned back and we rode side by side all the way to McDowell. I wrote my impression of hiai, so highly favorable, and of the Other officers, in let ters to the President. General Schofield, and yourself. (Sec appendix E, F, and G.) I said in one of them, " I find General Crook very candid, and evidently desirous to execute the orders he receives with dis cretion and fidelity." Again : " General Crook disclaims emphatically being an ex treme war man. I believe he fully agrees with me, and you know what that meaus." The Indians, (Mohaves and Tonto Apa' his. mnnhnrincr between three and four hundred, had left the reservation. I never could fully ascertain the reasons ot tneir innvinn-. Thir situation w:is not alto gether pleasant at McDowell, their camp was elose to the post and contracted ; thoy had no facilities for planting, none for gathering mescal; they wanted to go to the Ti.ntn Basin, near Fort lleno ; their rations were inadequate, and some instances of whippings by the sola crs were iom mo uy Major Carr and his officers, where one In dian had interfered with the water-cart, or another helped hiuisclt to ttio iiorsc piov nmli.r T hnM recommended 10 General Splinfield to increase the ration for those who remained on the reservations to the amount issued to the Sioux, iie did so, nml r now think the ration is sufficient. Major Carr detailed Lieutenant Volkmar and twelve men to scout lur me anu en deavor to communicate with these iontos, but after scouring the country for forty miles eastward, no trace of them could be found. Afterward I discovered my mistake in accepting a guide for this pcly, who was not a truthful man, and much hated by tho Indians. Often the guides or inter preters aro very corrupt and venal and tell whatever stcry they please to the Indians. These Indians sent a delegation to me sub-, scqnently at Camp Giant; an extract from my letter to yourself gives you my feeling at this time respecting the peculiarities of the situation : "It will require constant ef forts to get in the Indians belonging to hostile tribes, and unremitting activity by tho troops, in the wutst kind of a country, to secure those who arc badly disposed; to protect citizens and supplies. The sup ply of water is very uncertain on all new routes where scouting part cs must go to follow up those who commit depredations. Yet tho case of Arizona is not as hopeless as I feared." General Crook left for Prc3cott, and I for Camp Grant. He scut two member of his staff to represent him and aid me in the execution of my instructors. Lieutenant W. J. Ross and Lieu tenant J. G. Bourke. These young gentlemen accompanied mo aad gave me full information respecting tho dep.eda tions and murders by tho Indiana in the Territory. In fact every day's route has iti severe history. The Indian.- anu their friends tell their tales of treachery and bloodshed against the citizens. Taken to "athcr, the;c stories, constantly repeated, make one .shudder and hope and pray that all parties, may cease fighting and make permanent peace. , After a tedious ride of over one hundrod miles.wo aro at Camp Grant, April 2 2. Dr. Bendell, your superintendent, had mot mo at McDowell, and at my request joined our party and proceeded with us through tho Terri'ory. Rumors that all tho Indians had left the reservation reached us at Flor ence, but we found tho rumor false, and that nearly one thousand were receiving ra tions. Your agent, Mr. E.- O. Jacobs had arrived. After tho relief of Lieutenant 11. E. Whitman, 3d cavalry, Major E. H'. Crit tenden, 5th cavalry, commanding the post, had taken charge, and by his assiduity and good sense kept the Indian? from leaving the reservation, for they ulso seemed to have had upon them the chronic dissatisfac tion. Whitman's arrest and removal, that thev did not understand ; tho inadequate rations, the daily issue attempted, and many other things seemed at the bottom of it. Considering ill the circumstances, j and with the advice or iuajor iniiciiueu, 1 1 asked ihatLientcmnt Whitman beteiapo rarily ordered to Grant from Fort Crittenden. ! This was done. I iolayed. my conference j with tho Apache3 till he ghpuld C9me in order to gain the strongest possible power with them. The "Camp Grant massacre," which' was so familiar to the public a year ago by the visit and report of my-predecessor, occurred aoout hvc miles from- the military post. On the 24th I visited I tho grounds with several Apaches. They showed us the bones of their dead, now exposed, tho camp uten sils, the clothing, and blankets strewn' around, also iho bundles of hay that tho women were bringing in. The sceno after the massacro can easily be depicted from' this point, whero "Whit man went out to meet the Indians when they could not drink the coffee nor cat the food ho brought them for their crying. The Indians said the strong influence ho gained over them was due to his going to them in their hour of sorrow and showing them his sympathy; to tho fact that ho always seemed neither to feau nor hate them, and that an old man of influence believed in him, one who had died at the massacre, the one "who used to go out alone and talk with God all night." The 25th of April I was again in the same vicinity, with Colonel Roger Jones and Major Crittenden, inspecting the coun try with a view to find a better post on tho Arivipai river than the present one on the San Podro. ' We came upon an Indian family at their home; thero were here men, women, and children. They brought a little girl, eight or nine years of age, to mo that had es caped with her life, but was (sadly wounded under her ear and in her side. They no longer encamp in very large numbers lest they bo turprisod again. There is a strong leeling in Arizona on the subject of this affair, and the people wonder that we cannot see more clearly the provocations they labored under, that induced certain leading men to do this deed. I certainly did learn the provocations, and do not forget them. Yet under no cir cumstances whatever can the civilized world justify a deed like this, and I could not see the need of incn'attcmpting to do so pub licly and in tho press, when really only a few wicked men were engaged in n. Prfdav. Anril '20. Lieutenant Whitman having come, tho Indians were ready for a talk. At the Agency building I heard them from 10 a. m. till nearly 6 r. m. As this council is important as preliminary to the other, I will hero insert the points made bythe Indians through Es-kiin-in-zin, their chief, and place the body of the document in .the appendix marKcu u. First. They ask the return of those children that had been captured by the Americans, Mexicans, and Papagos, at What is called "The. Camp Grant Mas sacre." They say twenty-nine were taken, and two cscapod from their captors and found their way back, leaving twenty-seven still gone. They had made peace, and were being eared for by us s.ome five miles trnm the nost of Camp Grant. My predecessor, Mr. Colyer, had, in the name of the President, promised the return nf Ji,.n nbililrnn-but it had not been done Second. They asked that Lieutenant Boyal E. Whitman, au cavalry, oe icaLur oi r timm n; np-ent. and remain with them. Lieutenant Whitman, Dr. Bendell, and mvsclf, endeavored to show tnem tne nu vnntarrfis of a uermaucnt civil agent. Whitman said there were a thousand others who could do as much or more for them than he. Still they pressed hard tor mm Gratitude, affection, and superstition com bined to render him the dcsirableadvocate niwl frinlld. Third. They wished to change their reservation on account of the prevailing sickness aloni: that portion ot tne ban Pedro river, near Camp Grant, on account of its proximity to citizens who were an noyed by their.presence, and to get where the supply of water was sure and the land good for cultivation. Fourth. They reiterated an oft ex pressed wish to enter into formal relations of peace with the Indians in the territory with whom thev nau uecnatwar. j.nv embraced all under the term " Papaeos." What they had complained of with re mird to rations I had alrcadv remedied. T eno-aircd to do what I could to bring backthe children, but from the nature of their formal preliminary conditions i saw that it would require time, so that I ap pointed another conference to be held in twenty-five davs, (on the 21st of May.) 1 had already written Governor Safford, in answer to a kind letter from him, accept ing his hospitality, and asking him to aid me in procuring the return of the children who were still in Arizona. After this formal talk with the Indians, in addition to information thatl obtained through Mr. E. P. Smith, who staid night and day among the Indians atthe agency building, through Captain Wilkinson and others, I became couvinced of their determination to stay on the reservation and keep their engagements. Their chief speaker, Es-kiin-in-zin, was disappointed and vexed that one who claimed so much authority as I, should not act on the spot, especially with regard to Whitman, yet 1 deemed it wise to make no promises then. We proceeded immediately to Tucson, where we were received in the kindest manner by the Governor, the District At torney, the Surveyor General, and other citizens. The Governor and District Attorney promised hearty co-operation in recovering the children. When we came to find them in the families of Mexicans who had pur chased them from their captors, the case was embarrassed. One excellent family had a little girl to whom thev were all at tached ; the head of the family was a lead ing citizen, much respected. He plead for the child with tears; asked if there were no parents f hejmight; keep the little girl, j .')! i'. ' .. ; I said substantially that he would have to take ;the child to Camp Grant or others would follow his example, that undoubt edly I could arrange with the Indians in such a case if there were no parents, for the little girl to remain where she was so well cared for. In this I was simply mis f iikfti T fniiol tn mnlcp flip arrangement. This gentleman, too, spoke and under stood English imperfectly. The District Attorney was my interpreter, and I think did hot, at this time, misunderstand me, for he went further tha the, Governor or myself, and recommended the use of force, having it ready for use in case mild measures failed to secure the children. The Governor has been an earnest, self denying worker, as his large public schools and other enterprises show. The citizens, Americans, and. Mexicans, have been mar shalled into the line of improvements. Yon perceive in Tucson the warm beat ings of the American heart. In public and private 1 met the people ; the pre vailing feeling is the same as at Arizona City and elsewhere. "The President's way is a good one if it can , be carried out." The Indians have left so many scars in almost every family. The news comes in from the south, from Sonoita valley, of the death of a well-known man and of the wounding of his wife. News of depredations are of constant occur rence, so that the xe is not to be won dered at. It is not said with any more em phasis than it was said a year ago in Min nesota. The District Attorney writes that he has no faith in the peace that was made. 1 do not wonder that many say that, and I would not complain were not that faith the very thing nccccssary to keep and promote tuepeace. inc remcuiis, ubiuibuuuu ment continue to demonstrate thatlndian human beings, ceteris paribus, are the same as any other human beings, governed and controlltd by the same motives, regu lntpfl flpvnlnnnd. and civilized bv vJivsical power and self-intereit and love, properly ap plied, anu oi course, as every uuuj. nuunr, the last motive-force is the strongest and the first the weakest. Ten or aless number of Indians may do the whole mischief, yet Indians remotely situated and not speaking the same lan guage, who arc helping us with all their micht, arc blamed and distrusted. This describes the condition of things as I found them in large portions of Arizona. Ilence my earnest desire to bring those well-disposed but full of suspicion and dis trust together. I invited the Govcmorand his friends to the Grant Council. Monday, April 29, we visited the Papagos with your excellent agent, Dr. R. A. Wil bur. They had a few complaints to make about others taking theirlands from them; thev desire schools for their children, seem industrious, and in about the same general condition as the Pimas as to customs, dress, and habits of living. They agreed to send peace commissioners to the Grant Council; they did not like to go the ichole wav, but finally consented. The last interview before I left, April -i0, was with a delegation of Mexican people, (our citizens,) who came to express their earnest loyalty tans and the work wehave in hand. Omitting 'a reference to date and character of country, the report con tinues : Thn Pimas. with small bands of Mari- copas, are estimated variously from five to soven thousand, iney are oecoming ijuiie restless in their present situation, and their (i;ffif.nitio nm real. Citizens have taken out acequia3 above them; their water is running low from this cause, and by the usual absorption of the sand, and no rain comes to their relief. Large numbers of tWni hnvp fonn over to the Salt river, (Rio Salado,) where there is moro abundant wa tnr. TTprn new troubles arise. Pimahorses get upon a farm, they are taken up or shot, retaliation comes,a nouse is mirneu, auu tac Pimnsns n. whnln are blamed. Horses taken upon farms in this way have been sold to the Mexicans. The 1'ima owners uo not acknowledge the Mexican title, but go and take back their horses. Tim hrirrbt suots with tho Pimas are tho undeveloped schools, small yet, but under iVio onif .lonvinff-work of Mr. C. II. Cook. the teacher, and" the warm-hearted support of your agent, ilr. Stout, tnese scuuuia uu. o been well planted. Mrs. Stout, the wife of ihn nfpnt. has fiven gratuitous labor to this noble work, and is much loved by this tribe Your own superintendent tanes a ueep interest in the Piraa3, and has reported to me fully. There are three solutions of the water problem proposed by the citizens, which I will name lor your consiuerauon : F;r3t To make an extension of the reser vation to the vicinityjof Adamsville, buying in tho claims of settlers. Second To make an extension above Florence, taking in the two villages and all improvements. . ti,;i t nt-n nt wn .iccouias. high un the river, one? on each side, and keep them under a Government agent, wno musi sc to a fair division of tne water suppiy io an ultivators of land lrngatca. Af ii,:t lie whole subiect over, I believe the first plan inadequate ; the sec--.,t,i nnstso much that it would be impossible to get tho necessary appropria-i- ,i tt Trnnlil hi liknlr to nrovc detri tion, . J i - mental to the interests of the citizens of TVrritnrv to bieakun these villages and settlements, so that she strongest opposi tion to it would bo met in tho outset, and the last plan. I fear, is completely imprac ticable. No considerable portions of the oitizens are favorable to this proposition, and it CONTINUED ON TOUBTB PAGE.