TUCSON", PIMA COUNTY, A. T., SATURDAY, MARCH 15, 1873.
THE ARIZONA CITIZEN
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.X. JH. MoCAPPKY,
ATTOEISTEY - - LW,
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EDUCATION IN ARIZONA.
Report of Gov. Saflbrd, Ex-officio
Superintendent of Public Instruct
ion in Arizona Territory, Sub
mitted to the Seventh Legislative
, Assembly, for the Years 18T1 and
Office of the Superintendent
of Public Instruction
1, 1872. J
Tucson, Dec. 31
To the Territorial Board of Educa
tion : In pursuance of law I am re
quired to annually report to you on or
I before the hrst day of January each
year. The first year after my ap
poiutmcnt, ending Dec. 31, 1871, was
spent m collecting funds and prepar
ig to open schools, but none were
actually put iu operation until 1872 ;
hence this report will contain the re
ceipts and expenditures required to be
ported for 1871 and 1872.
The total receipts for school pur
poses from all sources have been
From Yuma county, 2,519 17 ; from
.Pima county, $3, 123 09 ; from Yava
pai county, 1,298 89 ; from Maricopa
t count', $712 60; making a total of
The total expenditures have been :
In Yuma county, $1,884 78; in Pima,
$1,968 98 ; in Yavapai, $784 70 : in
Maricopa, $527 ; making the total of
expenaitures, ifu, lbo 40, ana leaving
an unexpended balance of $2,488 35.
By tho census returns tor lb1, the
number of children between the ages
I of six and twenty-one, is as follows:
In Puna county, 603 ; m Yuma, 304;
in Yavapai, 211, in Maricopa, 103 ; iu
Mohave, 42 total of 1,323. In 1872,
school census was taken only in
Yuma countv, and the report shows
the number of children in that county
for that year under twenty-one and
over six years of age to be 600. The
following shows the number of chil
dren under twenty one and over six
years of age in each of the counties,
according to the census taken in 1872
by the several county assessors: Pima
county, 1,427 ; Yuma 732 ; Maricopa
313; Yavapai, 180; Mohave 46
The average daily attendance at
public schools has been as follows :
In Pima county, 107 ; Yuma, 81 ;
Yavapai 31 ; Mohave, 13; Maricopa,
43 total, 2u. The average daily
attendance at wivato schools was
I 100. I have not the complete returns
of the total number in attendance at
schools, but presnnie the whole num
ber attending public schools was about
400, and private schools, 150. Thus
it will be seen that about 550 have
received some educational advantages
during the past vear. Many were
prevented from attending school be
cause of residing in isolated localities.
Eight teachers have been employed
i in the public schools during the past
, year, live male and three females ;
the former received wages ranging
from $S0 to $125, aud the latter from
! 80 to $100 per month. The schools
have not been graded. These branch
es have been taught: Orthography,
i Beading, Penmanship, Grammar, Ge
ography, Arithmetic, History, and, in
a few instances, Algebra and Latin.
Following is a detailed statement of
the receipts and disbursements in each
of the counties, together with other
information relative to the school in
Beceipts from all sources to Dec. 19,
1872. Apportionment iroin the ler-
Iritorial treasury, $914 35 ; county
I school tax, $1,604 44; stray animals,
5 70 ; subscriptions, $20 ; school tax
in district No. 1, $578 60 making
the total $3,123 09. Disbursements:
Paid to teachers, $1,158 01; rents,
$152 50 ; school books, $278 22 ;
school furniture, $306 87 ; for taking
census, $35 ; printing, $9 ; sundries,
$29 38 making a total of $1,968 98,
and leaving an unexpended balance of
$1,154 11. A school was opened in
Tucson in March, 1872, and thereafter
'main tiii nprl tfvn months. Tho lnsf.
reprt shows 131 p"Pils en-!
'ij ut ruuu; soiuk h. wuw or r-e ;
&ugii8li language ; now many ot them
. V" . . , . ave
P""y advanced 111 arithmetic, ge-
j&iu,puy uuu. grammar, iuu xeacner,
John Spring, has been tireless in his
ou . i j i. t j-j.
efforts, and is entitled to much credit
'for the success attained
A school j
was commenced in Gila district (No
2), at Sanford, in March last, and
continued four months. The average
daily attendance was thirty-one. The
trustees and teacher speak very en
couraerinerlv of the progress made by
tho pupils. School district No. 3, at
Florence, has been recently organized
A school house has been erected at a
cost of about $1,200, by subscription
and a school was opened December 16
and a regular attendance of about
forty tmrrils is anticipated. School
district No. 4. at Tucson, has been
organized, in which a school for girl
will be opened by the first of next
month. The Sisters ot bt. Joseph
have been eumloved to teacli tho
schools under the public school law
which excludes all religious teaching
Note. The Sisters finally declined to
not take chargo of the school a? hero
stated ; but early in February, a public
school for girls was opened by .Mrs. L. U,
Uughes, which is well attended, marked
by excellent progress, and tho attendance
is rapidly increasing. o. Uitizcn.J
The Sisters of St. Joseph have
taught a private school (in Tucson) for
girls since June, 180. lho whole
number cf pupils enrolled, has been
230, and the average daily attendance
112 of this number sixty have at
tended regularly since the commence
ment. The Sisters have been un
wavering in efforts to improve the
pupils under their charge, which has
resulted in giving many a very good
education -who would .otherwise have
been compelled to remain in ignorance
The last legislature appropriated $300
for the benefit of this school, to be
taken from tho general fund and
deducted from school moneys to be
paid to Pima county ; but on account
ot conflicting sections of tho school
law, it has been impossible to pay it,
I deem it but justice that early pro
vision be made tor its payment.
I4 or a further and more detailed
statement of the school iuterests in
Pima county, I respectfully refer you
to the very interesting report of the
county superintendent, Hon. L. C
Hughes, a copy of which is herewith
SCHOOLS AMONG UilE INDIANS.
Feeling a deep interest in the ex
periment being made to educate the
children of Pima and Maricopa In
dians, 1 addressed a letter of inquiry
to the Bev. C. H. Cook, who is en
gaged in teaching on their reserve.
I herewith give a copy of his reply,
as the best means of communicating
to you the success of his self-sacrifie
ing labors :
Pima Villages, A. T., "I
December 18, 1&72. J
Hon. A. P. K. Safford, Governor of Ari
zona lerriton. near fcir: lour com
munication came to hand, and I will en
deavor to give you the desired information.
I was employed as teacher, January 1,
1871, by Agent Grossman, and commenced
keeping school 15th February following,
in a small room at the n-cscy building.
During the latter half of the year, a lady
teacher was employed. In October, 1871,
a school was commenced at a Maricopa
village four and a half miles from the
agency. Tho building there was put up
by the Indians, and though better than
none, proved inadequate to keen out sand
storms or the cold. At present, I am glad
to be able to state, a large and comfortable
room has been completed there. The Pima
children which attend school at tho agency,
havo to come a distance of two and one
half miles and over; this with other cir
cumstances, has caused a very irregular at
tendance, and though the teachers havo
furnished the scholars a dailv lunch of
bread, we havo found it impossible thus
far to sccuro as regular attendance here as
at Maricopa village. To the credit of tho
Pimas, however, I must say, that they
have offered several times to build a school
house, near their homes, as good as they
know how. I have been informed that it
is tho intention of tho government agent to
havo a suitable school house orccted in tho
Santan village early next Spring. When
this is accomplished, our advantages will bo
much better than they havo been thus far.
The average daily attendance for 1871,
was thirty-five, and during the first half of
this year, sixty -four. The average daily
attendance is about sixty per cent, of the
whole number enrolled.
Concerning their advancement, I would
say that Indian children, like others, differ
as to their aptness to acquire aa education.
Snio lprn rnpidl otber Hcpnl
;!',i-r. Snne ua'. met v. cc "tuti ns ;
tendance hii:? been the :i.i:a c
interest nianiii'stoU .tupeart ! h
We feel encourag 1. bur be
1. , .. j..,,Vv.lv.j- .l,at ttr , mence an
labor are requi
ijuisiUj thuu among white chil
As to spiritual progress, 1 can say but
little. Tho oohuul cinidre" receive regular
instruction, more sp ey " unatt3r Bf J
which tho parents sometimes attend. I
,;nk 5nnio tfIo :mnr0vCment r.;
!,(. at the Maricopa villages, especially so
I far as decency and shamq-facedness aro
concerned. To do much for their spiritual
welfare, besides showing a good example,
it is necessary to be well conversant with
their language. We shall take care of the
young, and do all we can for the old. Our
rules and modes of teaching are: Do not
keep the children more than three and one
half hours per day, except the girls when
at sewing, until after they can read well;
prepare lessons before school hours; see
that they are adapted to the capacities of
tho scholars; uso objects when practicable;
treat all alike ; be kind, cheerful, patient,
and look for help and guidance from above.
As to our resources and expenses, I am
but poorly informed. In my estimates oar
total expenses for school purposes for one
and a half years, will not exceed $2,800 ;
a portion of this, including salary of as
sistant teacher, was furnished by the Re
formed Church. To give the majority of
children on this reserve a common icbool
education, would require at least four to
five school houses and an annual expendi
ture of about $10,000. With this sum
properly husbanded, no less than 400 chil
dren could and ought io be educated.
All our wants in connection with tho
school in operation, excepting the school
building, has been supplied by kind friends
east, and some few in this Territory have
aided and encouraged us in our work. They
have sent us a fine organ, and helped us to
improve the outward appearance of tho
children, and thus given us a chance to
teach sewing to the girls, for which they
havo our warmest sympathy and thanks.
-3 s a Very respectfully yours,
C. II. Cook.
"With pleasure I baar testimony to tho
zeal, energy and special capacity Mr.
Cook has displayed in the cause. "With
him it is and has been a labor of love
endeavoring to raise to usefulness
depraved and uncivilized race. In
this work he has been faithfully sup
ported by Agent Stout and his good
wife. It is to be hoped that philan
thronic and Christian people, who
have the means, in the eastern States,
and tho government will give th
necessary assistance, so that all the
children on the reservation may be
The Papago Indians are the most
orderly and industrious of all tho
tribes in Arizona ; and probably none
ould more readily accept and ap
preciate school privileges than they
The following letter from Dr. It.
Wilbur, will explain the prospects of
schools among them :
Officf. Papago Indian Agkncv
Tucson, A. T., Dec. 31, 18
Uon. A. 1'. K. auoru, kx-ouicio fcuper
ntendent of Public Instruction. Sir: In
ant-wer to your communication requesting
information of what action, if anv, hai
been taken to establish schools among tho
Papago Indians, I havo to say that since
my appointment to the nosilion ot Agen
for these Indians, I have felt the deencs
solicitude to have schools establishedaniong
them, and I have found an earne.-t desin
on the part of the parents to have tho chil
dren of the tribe educated. I have, in my
reports, called the attention of tuy supe
riors to the subject anu urgeu its necessity.
I was informed some time ago. that o, 000
had been appropriated to establish schools
amoni: them, anu 1 at once maue conui-
tinal arrangements for a school house and
teachers but I have not yet received om
cial information that tho money is subject
to inv disposal. I hopo, however, soon to
be authorized to use the amount specified,
md am sat.sfied that tho children will not
only attend school, but are susceptible of
creat cultivation and improvement, lb
i'apagos are an noncsi, luuustriuuB, uuuuuo
people. Many ot them nave emoracea me
Catholic religion and with education, can
bo raised to a hifrh order of civilization
and usefulness. Very respectfully yours.
It. A. Wilbur,
U. S. Indian Agent for tho Papagos.
Beceipts from all sources up to Dec.
9, 1872 : Apportioned from the Ter
ritorial Treasury, $594 26 ; county
school tax, $1,756 91; subscription,
$168; making a total of $2,519 17.
The disbursements were: Paid to
teachers $1,091 50; rent $90 J, furni
ture, $364,98; school house nd re
pairs, $306 91 ; incidentals, $31 ;
making the whole expenditures $1,
884 39, aud leaving an unexpended
amount of $624 78. A school was
begun at Arizona city, in district No.
1, February 15, 1872. The whole
number of pupils that attended school
during the first quarter was 140, and
the average daily attendance was
64 6-10. Miss Clara A. D. Skinner
was omployed as teacher, and the
ei. The superintendent and parents
spenk iu the highest terms of their
qualification, as well as the attention
tbi.dd teachers gave the school ; and
the advancement made by tho pupils
warrants this high estimation 01 their
services. This school was continued
for three and one-half months, when
it had to bo closed for want of funds.
It was opened again October 2G, 1872,
in charge of Miss Mary E. Post, a
mo3t excellent teacher. The citizens
of this district havo constructed a
school house at an approximate cost
of $1,000 and paid for it mostly by
subscription. It is comfortably sup
plied with furniture purchased in San
Francisco and shipped to Arizona City
by the Colorado Steam Navigation,
Company free of charge, for which
they are deserving of our thanks.
A school was opened in district No.
2, at Ehreuberg, on May 6, 1872, with
Miss. Mary E. Post as teacher. The
whole number of pupils enrolled was
thirty and the average daily attend
ance seventeen. The school was con
tinued three and one-half months and
then closed for want of funds. The
teacher gave complete satisfaction to
all and the pupils made rapid pro
gress. You are respectfully referred
for more detailed information respect
ing educational matters in this county
to tho excellent report of Hon. T. 3.
Bidwell, superintendent of public
schools, a copy of which accompanies
this report. Judge Bidwell and his
predecessor, Hon. C. H. Brinley, have
been indefatigable in their efforts to
advance the cause of education in
Funds received from all sources up
to Nov. 27, 1872: Apportionment
from Territorial treasury, $301 11 ;
from county school tax, $742 78 ;
subscription, $255 total, $1,298 89.
Disbursements were: Paid teacher,
$381; for books, $118 70; for rent,
$90 ; to school marshal, $15 ; freight
on books, $151; fuel, $29 total $784
70, leaving an unexpended balance of
$514 19. A school was opened at
Pre&cott, Feb. 1, 1872, and closed
April 29, following, and reopened
May 1 and closed June 29. The
whole number of children attending
school was thirty-one and tho aver
age daily attendance was twenty
eight. The Bev. Mr. Gilmore taught
the school and labored with fidelity
and success in its management. The
school would have been again-opened
some time since but for want of a
school house and teacher, which have
constituted the greatest obstacle in
our way in establishing public schools
I herewith transmit a copy of the
report of the superintendent of schools,
Hon. H. W. Fleury ; and I here
desire to acknowledge his valuable
services in promoting the school in
Funds received from all sources:
Apportionment from the Territorial
trasury, $210 07; from county school
tax, $402 59; subscriptions, $100
making a total ot $iVS bb. The dis
bursements were: Paid to teacher,
$500 ; for taking the census, $24 ; for
sundries, $3 50 total of $527 50,
leaving $185 16 unexpended. In dis
trict No. 1 at Phenix, a school was
opened January 1, 1872, and was con
tinued five months, with an average
daily attendance of twenty-five. J,
B. Darroche was teacher and dis
charged his duties to tho satisfaction
of all in the district. In district No.
2, a school was taught three months
of the year. The average daily at
tendance was .eighteen. I havo not
received a full report from this dis
trict and am unable to give the
amount of money received and ex
pended. The county superintendent
informs mo that a school house has y
been erected in district No. 2 by pri
vate subscription. Hon. J. T. Alsop,
superintendent of public schools, has
been a faithful laborer in behalf of
education in Maricopa county, for
which I tender him my thanks.
Herewith is a copy of his report.
Until recently, there has not been a
sufficient number of children in any
locality in Mohave county for a school.
The county was made a school dis
trict the first of last July. A school
was opened at Cerbat and continued
three months, but no report was made
in season to make an apportionment
of any of the school revenue. A ro-
in .'V. rt- - v atti ndan.-.t of
thirt-ji n 1 -i'!ib. July 1, 1872, a cec
siis wts f..kf;r md forty-two children
reported m tho county.
I visited this county last October
and fou nd a deep interest on the
of the people in favor of puMie sch - 1.
Tho rich mines in ihia county -must
doon atract a large population, and I
hope and expect to see several school
in operation there before the close of
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