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CITIZEN. VOET-UI. TUCSON, PIMA COUNTY, A. T., SATURDAY, APRIL 19, 1873. No. 28. ARIZONA THE ARIZGIJA CITIZEN is PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY. f-rSuliSoi'Iptlon Kates: ")nc Copy, one year, - - - 5 00 Jnc Cony, six months - - 3 00 Jingle numbers ... Advertising rtixlest ITwelve linos In this tvix. one en. One square, twelve lines, oue time . .53 00 Each subsequent insertion 150 Professional cards, per month 3 00 Plain death notices, free Obituary rc mirks in prose, $.' p-r square; in poetry. dO'pcr line. 5f 2?a'Hm .; vertiscmentR at llahircd Hales. Office sj..;m(! wirt-house lUaza, JOliy WASSOS, Proprietor. Authorized Agents for The Citizen. W. N. Kelley, ncwrdealcr at Prescott, fcas The Citizen for sale. L. P. Fisher, 20 and 21 New Merchants' Exchange, is our authorized Agent in Sun Francisco. fvhncidcr, Grierson & Co Arizona City E. Irvine fc Co Phinix H. A. Bigolow will receive and receipt for money for Thk Citizen at Prescott. Professional Cards, Adv'ts, Etc. X,. C. HUGHES, attorney and counsellor at law, Tucson Akizona. Oflice on Congress street. inyltf n. U. CAHTTBK. It. H. CA11TTE1C, Jit. II. II. CARTTER & SON, attoitnkvs and counsellors at l.aw, Prescott Akizona. Will attend to business "m all the courts of the Territory. ja'J5 .!. C. HANDY, M. Tucson, Akizona. Office on Meyer Stkeet, Opposite Marsh's Restaurant. aul'-Mf R. A. WILBUR, M. D., Tucson - Arizona. Omen: Cok. Stone and Convent Sts. COLES HASHFUKD, Attorney at Law, Tucson - - - Arizona. Will practice in all the Courts of the Territory. ltf J. E.McCAFFRY, Attorney at Law, U. S. District Attorney for Arizona. Tucson - - - Akizona. Office on Congress street. ltf 1? I O jS- 13 33 It PIEWS DEPOT AND C XT A E, STORE. o frUIE-LATEST NEWSPAPERS. PERI J odieals, .Magazines and Novels. Also, a fine assortment ot Cigars, Tobacco, Pipes, Etc., constantly on hand. J. S. MANSFELD, Lcsinsky's block, tjongrcss-st, gtf " Tucson, Arizona STEBTER & EXAUBER, Cor. Seventh and I streets, Sau Diego, : : California. -HOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN GENERAL MERCHANDISE. Importers of Fresh Garden Seeds. Highest prices paid for Soldiers' Final Statements and Government Vouch ers. no23-tf J n. ARCHIBALD, t f M. MCKENNA. Sau Francisco. J Florence, A. T. JOHN H. ARCHIBALD & CO., MAIN STREET, Florcuce ----- Arizona, rHOLE SALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN Every IDesci'iptioii -OF- Ceneral Merchandise, mrJW-tf. WHICH IS BEST This world is dark and dreary, When we make it to; This world is bright and cheerful, When we take it so. Our friends are cold and distant Whene'r we doubt them ; Our frit lids are true and loving Whene'r we trust them. ls't best to live in the dark, Doubting day by day, Or live in the light of Love, Trustintr tiaj by day, TWO SIDES Ol' LIFE. There is a shady side of life, And a sunny side as well, And 'tis for every one to say On which he'd choose to dwell, For every one unto himself Commits a grievous sin. Who bars the ble.-scd sunshine out, And shuts the shadows in. The clouds mav wear their saddest robes, The sun relusc to stnile, Ann sorrow with her troop of ills, May threaten us the while; But btill the cheerful heart has power A sunbeam to provide; And only those whose souls arc dark, Dwell on life's shadv side. FROM THE METROPOLIS. The Hurry and Worry of New York Life Mining Matters at the East --"Independent Jourualm" as a Hangman. New York, March 22. Fanril ianty with this place greatly shortens up distances and lowers the height of houses ; the streets do not seem by one third as long and far up in the air as they did the first time I was so fortu nate or. unfortunate as to set loot therein. But one thing that does get bigger eveiy time I come here, is the trouble of eettine: in and out of the devilish nlace. Ho far as I am in dividually concerned having no per manent business here, &o. it matters little ; but as a looker on of average capacity, life here seems, as the im mortal Mantalini in Nicholas Nick leby would say, nothing more nor less than one everlasting " dem.iilion gwind." I have lived the better half of my life at the mercy of bootblacks, chambermaids and hotel clerks; by machinery as it were, until I wish I had never been bom ; bat when 1 come to look at this great hive of humanity, with a cool, devil-may-care eye, there seems to be unusual comfort in the overwhelming mass of misery that keeps me company. There are more people on this narrow neck of an island than of all colors and con ditions on the Pacific coast, to say noth ing of as many more in the respective suburbs of the place; yet nine-tenths of this immense pismire's nest are sub ject to from six to sixteen connections or miscounectious cf ferries, steam and other cars &o. Everything is a whirl with pretentions to regulation by clock-work ; yet nearly everyone is delayed and disappointed a score of times a day on the mere matters of transportation alone. Everytinie one comes here the less he wonders that the common complaint and specula tion is all about "quick transit," or the various methods devised for get ting in and out of town cheaply and quickly. Yet they arrive at no con clusion ; the problem is no nearer solution than ever. On the west side of the city, near the Hudson river, are to be seen at intervals every day, trains of small cars running along a viaduct track like a track set up on telegraph poles and that is the only thing yet approaching a " rapid transit " in and out of old New York. It would take about fifty such lines to make an impression on the demands of the city. Vai:derbilt's underground scheme seems to have fallen through, and so the row goes on; ram, jam, b 11-to-split, hitch, haul and so forth. The balloon and flying-machine men seem never to get much nearer gen eral and particular usefulness than things on paper ; and so the coining man who is to emancipate this people from the growing muddle in question, is too much in embryo to talk about. I My troubles here consist chiefly in trying to find a man or men who lost a gold mine, and yet willing to pay a lioeral reward to the person who may have found it. This mining for gold tnrougii greenbacks is a trade 1 nave not mastered yet; but 1 have already had nattering ghams to the end that 1 may acquire a ciever knowl edge thereof, at no distant day. In the first place, Wildcat has played so piomineiit a part in the mining sales ifwCted in eastern markets, that one is almost expected to exhibit a goodly portion of tue mine in paying opera tion, tot tie eyes of these people, bofoio they will deign to notice him. Now, to urnur a irood sized mountain with a mill on it and at work, across the continent, is both expensive and in convenient. In the next place the rule is, here, that one's relations are all to be sacritied ere he pay out a cent himself. It is a decidly interest ing game altogether at worst, and wueu one succeeds, it beats " the Heathen (Jinnee " "for ways that are dark." 1 have started in to bedevil some of them with my claims for an indefinite period, 'lucre are thou sands of men of wealth more money than they know what to do with in these eastern cities, who would will ingly take stock in the mines if they had square representations made them; but tue many and beastly swindles in that sort of property, has unhappily prejudiced this class against what must soon be an m teres c next and nearlv equal m importance to agricul ture and manufactures. Time will set this matter right perhaps; if it happens during my time, so much the better. The newsoauers here have been mostly engaged in hanging a man Foster by name. It has always seemed to uie that if there must be hanging, it should only be in cases where murders are committed for money or its equivalent, alone. Hu man nature is but a weak sister at the best, and for society to organize itself into oue grand murderer, is ex hibiting the animal at its greatest disadvantage before the Lord or any other man. The N. Y. Herald has mostly hounded this poor devil to h 11, all for the interests of so-called "in dependent journalism." 1 have seen enough of this sort of newspapordem in tin, last year or so, to satisfy me that tht same malicious spirit would crucify Christ over again and head downwards. In fact I have seen about all the journalism I want of any kind. It I hart the power 1 d suppress all the newspapers and shoot the editors. Stokes, who laid for Fisk, lias both money and friends, which Foster had not ; hence his chances ot escaping the gallows arc first class; so on down the jist; and your newspaper stran irlers seem to say that is all as it should be. 1) n such justice and every thing else. V. White Mountain Reservation. Congress having adjourned before he received the memorial of the Legis lature, asking a reduction in the size of the White Mountain Indian Res ervation, our Delegate referred the document, with a favorable endorse ment, to the Acting Commissioner of Indian Affairs, from whom he received the following communication on the subject : DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, Office of Indian Affaiks. Washington, D. C, March, 25. Sir : I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of the memorial of thclegisla turc ot Arizona, praying that the valley ofthcGila be excluded lrom the wmte Mountain Indiau Reservation, which me morial is accompanied by a communica tion from General Crook, endorsing the same. ilie papers nave mis aay ocen transmitted to Superintendent Bendell for a report of his views, and of tLe views of the agent in charge, upon the receipt of which you will be lurthcr auviseu in re gard to the subject, uespccnuiiy, H. 11. Glum, Acting Commissioner, GEN. Fhemont has been sentenced by a French court to five years' im prisonment, for placing on the French market fradulent, railroad bonds. In an interview" with the San Diego Union, Hon. J. S. Harris, one of the directors of the Texas Pacific Rail road, says that work will commence on the western end next month, and will be built directly cast from San Diego if no engineering impossibili ties stand in the way. PEACE PROSPECTS. The following memorandum of in structions will be read with interest by every one interested in the settle ment of our Indian difficulties. "We venture the assertion that no document has ever been issued by any officer, either civil or military, looking to the settlement of our Apache difficulties that conveys in every line more prac tical and humane sentiments than this. It breathes a tender regard for the repeutent savage, a wise precau tion to prevent his treacheiy, and an earnest desire that officers of the army and agents of the Indian bu reau shall work in harmony to give peace and security to this distracted country, and at the same time protect the Indians in the enjoyment of all their rights. It shows that while Gen. Crook has been first in war to compel obedience, that he is now first in peace and foremost in his tender regard for the conquered, and we venture that he will long live first in the hearts and memory of the people of Arizona: Headquarters Department op Arizona, ) PrescoM, April 7, 1873. General Orders, No. 12. Ii id with pleasure the announcement is made of the surrender of large numbers of Indian lately hostile, against whom mili tary operation- have been pros-ecited for the past four month ; and the assurance tin ough "lie chiefs and head men of these tribes of I heir desire and (he uesi-c ot thti people to conclude a permanent pcice. Tlic.-e prepositions are made in ihe midst of a campaign in which they have beet soveiely punished, and the Department Commander, believing in their sincerity announc es and hereby declares peace with the tubes referred to. Ube basis of thic peace is simply that these Indians shall cease pluiidciing and niurdeiinir, icmain upon their sever 1 reser va'ions, and comply with the regulations made by the Government, through author ized iigenis. lor theui. a"o long, theieloie, as they remain true to their agr. ement, they will be protected by I he Military of this department in the eiijovmcntof all their rights u:iderthe law After a sufficient lime shall huve elapsed to enable Ihe frieuus ol any renegades still at large to bring them in upon their p oper r set vatiotii', post commanders will use the ri'ops at their loiiitnaud to puisuc and foiee them in, and in case any tuch stiag cliuir bands continue to lemain aiiseiit without proper authority, they will b. forced to surrender or be destroyed. By command of Bievct Maj.-Gen. Crook: A. 11 NICKEKSON, Capt. 23.1 I nft., A. D C, and A. . A. Gen Official: J.G. Bourkb, Aid-de-Camp. Headquartkks Department of Arizona, l Preseutt, April 8, 1873. J General Orders No. 13. 'ihe following memorandum of instruc tions is hereby published for the guidance of offieeis commanding troops stationed on the several Indian Reservations iu this Department. 1. With a view to bringing the strag gling bands and families, still at laige, upoti the icservat ons mid to serte as a nucleus tor the establishment of civil gov- ertimt nt a small number ui me lnuiaa? re- eullv used as scou s will be retained in service under existing laws, at each of the rc.-orvalioii!' hereafter specified. Each of these detachments wi.l bo under the command of an o.i.cer, designated by the Depaitmcnt Commander, who will have charge under the supervision of the com manding officer of the post, of their cloth ing and accounts; but the post comman der may commuu.cate with them direct at any and all times. The Indians will be selected from among the host of their several tribes, and will be liable to be mustered out for mirconduct towards the Indians of their own or other tribes, o O'hergood cause, and their pla ces h" led b y others duly selected. They will constitute the police force of the reservations and while required to at tend regular musters and instnetion- will not only tc allowed, but wid lerequire I lo cultivate the soil and pursue the various industiics prescribed by the Indian De partment, the same as other Indians. They will be used, from time to lime, upon the application of the agent, or the commanding officer's own motion, to pre servo the eace, leport and correct any ir regularities that may ocfur among their own tribes or otlieis in the vicinity. II. tommaidmg officers will aid the duly authorizid agents in instructing the Indians in, and establishing among tbem civil government in its simplest form, en abling them to settle their own differences according to the usages of civilization, gradually showing them its benefits as con strued with their own barbarous forms aud usage.'". lo do this elTectuallywill require dilferent. forms to suit the peculiarities of different tribes, and the agents of the several icser vattons are requested to meet the officers commanding the military on their respect ive reservations and agree upon the neces sary forms, being careful not to make them too complicated at first for the com prehension of iho tribes to which they are to be applied, leaving them to l.e enlarged with their capabilities, so that, when the auxiliary force can be dispensed with, they will be capable of self government and eventually become good citizens. While they should not be judged harshly for acts uhich in civil codes would consti tute minor offenses, care should also be taken that they do not succeed in deceiving iho agents and the officer? in matters of grcaier import, being careful to treat them as children in ignorance, not in innocence. Perfect, harmony between the officers of the Indian and War Departments, on duty logciher, is ab-olutely necessary in treat ing Indian so lately hostile and so appar ently incorrigible, aud the Department Commander earnestly enjoins this har mony, and diretts that in case of difference in niattcis where the, line is not plaicly marked, hat officers carefully avoid such difference being made known to the Indiana, and that they lefrain from any overt act in the matter at issue, until instruciions from thescheadquaiters shall have been received. By c mmaud Brevet Mj.-Gen-Ciook: A. U. N1CKEKS0N, Capt. 23d Inft., A. L C. and A A. A. Gen. Official: J. G. Bourke, Aid-de-Camp. PCBLlSHKU BY UeQCEST. United States Internal Bevknuk,"! or's office, Dist. of Arizona, Prescott, March 17. 1873. J Collect Editor Arizona Miner: A3 many or your subscribers are business men, engaged in tr-tic in anicles rendering them liable to special tax under the internal revenue laws, the following information in regard to the manner in which all suih taxea are to be paid, after the first aay of May next may be of service to them, and if acted upon, will certa nly save much trouble and ex pens" : In view of the provisions of law, Act of reccmber 24, 1872, the Commissioner of internal revenue has ordered that the an nual list for iho pre.-ent year be dispensed with and that only such taxes as accrue up to Apiil 30, 1873, be as.-es.-ed ; andfuither, that the lists therefor be placed in the hands of the Collectors on or befoie the 20th day of May. J873 ; and, that upon the deliveiy of lists containing the April as e.suienis as above, the Assessors will transfer their books, papers and other prop erty iu accordan. e with the provisions of Ihe law ; aud from the date of delivery, and of signing ihe receipts for said pro jerty by the Collector, the office of Asses sor and Assi taut Assessor shall cease to exist. J he internal revenue act of December 24, 1872, piovide3 that all special taxes shall bo pai.t by stamps denoting the tax. appropriate stamps fr the payment of such taxes will be furnished to the collector by the Commissioner of internal revenue. Ihe stamps are to bo prepared and is sued in the same manner as stamps now ussd far distilled spirits, as provided in Sections 20 and 101 of internal revenue law of July 20. Ibli8. Eveiy person engaged in any business, avocation or employment, who is thereby made l'uble to a specia tax, mu-t procure and pla-e conspicuously in his establish ment or place ot business, all stamps deno ting payment ot said special tax. The law further piovides that any per son wh sha I, through negligence, fail to o place and keen such stamps, snail, upon c.nvietion. hs sentenced to pay a penalty equal to the special 'ax for which his busi-, ncss rendend him liable, and in no case less than S10 and the costs of proiecution : and this sha 1 in no way affect his liability foi exercising, or carrying on any trade or business for the exercising or canying on f which, a snicial tax s imposed by law. without the payment thereof. It should tberelore be understood that rom and after the 1st day of May next, all persons doing or carrying on any busi ness rendering them liable to a special tax under the internal revenue laws, must be fore they can lawfully enter upon such business, procure lrom the Collector of their district, or from one of his deputies, all the stamps necessary to denote the pay ment of such tax, and keep them conspicu ously in his place of business. 'Ihe law will bo rigidly entorced in all its provisions; carctul attention should then fore bo given by business men ana those engaged in any occupation requiring the payment of a special tax, that they may not, through negligence, become lia ble to its penalties. 1 no mas Cordis, Collector of Int. Rev., Dist. of Arizona By act approved March 3, 1873, section two ol the act of June 8, 1872, relating to homesteads for soldiers and sailors, is so amended "That any per son entitled under the provisions of the act of June 8, 1872, to enter & homestead, who may have hereto fore entered under the homestead laws a quantity of land less than one hun dred and sixty acres, may enter so much additional land as not to exceed one hundred and sixty acres." Titeke are but three ways of liv ing, as some one has.said: fcy working, by beggiug or by stealing. Those who do not work, disguise it in what ever pretty language they please, are doing one of the other two. '