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Price per Year, 85 ; Six Months, $3 TTJ'C S OUST, ARIZONA Saturday, - April lO, 1873. Until other notice, R. C. Brown is au thorized to transact any and nil necessary business connected with the business smd editorial departments of The Akizona Citizen. John Wasson, Proprietor. Gen". Crook contemplates com mencing to build the military tele graph, at once in Arizona, and will first build the end of the line from Yuma to Maricopa Wells. 2.vrr G i tii?ait Vino nnfnrPfl llltoa contract with Messrs. Langdon it Clark, of Stockton, Cal., to care for the insane of this Territory at ten dollars per week, gold coin, for each patient. Arniii 12, Gov. Safford appointed Henry Eeed a Commissioner of Deeds to reside in Philadelphia, Pennsyl vania; April 15, Louis C. Hughes, Attorney General for the Territory, and "W. J. Osborn, Probate Judge for Pima county. LATE reports from New Camp Grant state that a garden of about three acres had been planted, and the building of the post was progressing favorably. An express is sent weekly to Camp Bowie for the mails. "Ve hope before long the Post office De partment will make arrangements to supply Grant, Apache and the new farming settlement at Pueblo Viejo, with better mail facilities. In our last week's isssue we erred in stating that Es-ke-van-zin told Mai. Larrabee that he did not believe he (the Major) came from Gen. Hjw ard. The name should have been Bocone ; the language used was as we stated, and we only erred in the name of the Indian. AVo would not intentionally misrepresent any one; an Indian no sooner than the greatest in the land ; and we are assured that for some time past Es-ke-van-zin has shown a sincere desire for peaco. county has appointed Dr. F. H. Good win Sheriff of that county, to fill a vacancy occassioned by the resigna tion of George Tyng. We predict that the Doctor will make a faithful and efficient officer. Ho resided Tucson a number of years and twice faithfully served the people of Pima ivmufcv in the Legislature. This late j mark of esteem and responsibility conferred upon him, is very gratify ing to his many friends in this portion of the Territory. Massacre by the Modoc Indians. From telegraphic columns of the San Diego Union of the 13th inst., we learn that at a conference held with the Modocs by members of the Peace Commission accompanied by General Canby, the Indians enticed the com missioners upon their own ground, and after the conference had proceeded to a certain extent, Captain Jack snap ped a pistol at General Canby and immediately after fired, killing the General instantly. Mechan, one of tho Peace Com missioners is supposed to ba mortally wounded. The troops under Colonel Mason were attacked just before the attack on the Peace Commission and Lieutenant Sherwood was wounded in two places. Active operations will at once com mence against the Modocs. We are not strangers to this temporising pol icy that has cost the life of General Canby; by tho same policy hundreds of lives have been sacrificed in Ari zona. It has only been through tho enactment of horrid scenes of blood that those who know nothing about the subject at the east and still claim to know mora than those who were compelled to. daily faCe death on tho bloody field, have been forced to al- lrvw nrao.tical mnn lilrn (1 nrtnt- tr AW .1 V j Li, JLJjn. assort and carry out common sense ideas, which alone can lead to peace. OUR FARMING INTEREST. It i3 apparent to all familiar with tho condition of affairs in Arizona, that the f irmers have generally suf fered more privations and made less money than any other class of citi zens. There are several causes that have led to this condition of affairs, somo of which we believe may be avoided in the future. Insecurity of Hfn and uroDertv from the hostile Apaches and frequent losses in con sequence thereof, have been tho great est drawbacks. Many have lost their lives, and but few have escaped with out trom vear to year ioin a uor- tion or all of their earnings. The present year opened with brighter prospects than any previous one, with the prospect of comparative security ; deserted fields were re-occupied, and new settlements were started; the ruins came in plenty n.nd the prospects for a fruitful season were never better. Just at this time, when all seems so bright, a difficulty arises which for the present, seems quite as disastrous as the ravages of the Apaches. Bids are invited for the supply of the army with grain, (which is almost our only market,) and in the scramble to get the contracts, the price of grain has been reduced to less than the actual cost of raising it. Farmers are generally in debt and sooner or later will be com pelled to sell for what they can get. and the contractor will surely not ryy a price that will result in a loss to himself, if he can help it, and from present appearances there will be more grain produced than can be con sumed. While this state of affairs shows unmistakably the productive ness of Arizona, this very fact brings with it temporary loss and poverty to our farmers, and the only remedy we can see in the future, rests with the farmer himself. It should be the study of every farmer to seo how much he can raise on his own farm for home consumption, and how far ho can get along without buyin There are but few farmers who do not purchase nearly all their meat ; milk, butter and cheese are very sel doin found at a farm house and even chickens and eggs are not plenty Ask why they do not keep cows, and make their own meat, and the reply generally is that the Indians prevent it. This has been and is now in many places a valid excuse for not allowing stock to run at large, but it i3 far better economy to constantly feed these animals from the products of the farm than do without them, and purchase meat and butter at ruinously high prices. It is not a fair exchange to sell barley and corn at two cents and purchase bacon at fifty cents, and butter at a dollar a pound, and yet such aro tho trades our farmers are called upon to make. We need not tell them they are get ting the worst of the bargain and that this system of business will never make them prosperous. We were in formed by P. E. Brady on the Gila, few days ago, that last year he sowed two acres of Alfalfa, which, during tho summer and fall, he cut six times, and from this two acres he fed four cows, four oxen, two horses and a number of hogs. What he did with this land can be done with land in every valley of Arizona. Ho also showed us sugar that he had made with a rude press, of a good quality and sufficient quantity for his use. In this, warm climate vegetables can bo raise! nearly the year round, and yet how few of our farmers have their tables supplied with vegetables. Wo have only space to hint at a few of the changes we believe our farmers should make, and which if done will soon place them in an independent position. If the farmer raises his own living, and has a few colts, calves, lambs and pigs growing up each year, ho can then afford to look with indifference at the price paid for grain ; he has a homo market far more profitable than tho contractor could ever furnish him, and he is yoarly adding substantial wealth to himself and tho Territory. One thing more should be looked after as soon as pos sible: it costs no more to raise a good pig, lamb, calf or colt than a poor one, while the value at maturity is often ten times greater; hence every exertion should be made to introduce into Arizona, as. soon as possible, tho very best breeds. Major Larrabee, Indiau agent at the San Carlos division of the White Mountain lieservatiou writes under date of April 9i "that the Indians were never moo. contented or batter dis posed" aud that they obey him in evervtliin. Wo are glad to hear so encouraging reports from these In dians. Undoubtedly the severe elms tisenient General Crook is giving the wrong doers has had a very salutary effect upon them, in fact we aro in formed that even Cachise has much more respect for the soldiurs than formerly. Major Larrabee has gone to work with energy to endeavor to better their condition, he is digging irrigating canals, opening farms and preparing to place them in a self-sus tabling position; even the "untutored mind cannot tail to see that no is strivni": to benefit tncni. lliero is no reason why the Indians should not contribute their labor to their own support, and the first efforts of the government should be to aid them in this direction. It is but just to tho white taxpayers that they should be made self-sustaining us soon as pos sible, and it is only by industry and education that they Will bo saved from extermination. FROM The Sentinel of April 12 w, learn that tho shipments or freijrht for the previous week were as follows : By W. B. Hooper & Co., 30,000 lbs, for Florence aud 20,000 lbs. quarter master s stores for Tucson. J. Quin- lan 16,000 lbs. government and 25,000 citizen's freight for Tucson, by George Fields, and J. Bowled 26,000 lbs "rovernment and citizen's freight for McDowell. Jo. Goodman of the Virginia City Enterprise, is talked of as Charles De Long's successor as Minister to Japan. NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. RESTAURANT AND BAKERY, fX MESILLA STREET, BE- 7 twecn Main and Meyers. THIS popular place has been greatly en larged and improved, and completely ren ovated recently. Meals at all hours. A FIRST CliASS BAKERY Is connected with this house, where, at all times, Bread, Cakes, Pies, etc. can be haa. Particular attention will oc given to suppers for parties. Give us a trial. JOHN MILLER & CO., Proprietors. April ID, 3m. Administrator's Notice. "VTOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN BY J3I the undersigned administrator of the estate of R. L. SWOPE, deceased, to tho creditors of, and all persons having claims unstsaiu deceased, to exhibit tho same, with the necessary vouchers, within live months from the date hereof, to William J. Osborn, at his offieo on Congress slroct in Tucson. SOLOMON WARNER, Administrator. By Wu. J. Osborn, Attorney. Tucson, A. T., February 7, 1863. 4t THE CITIZEN JOB - OFFICE Is now supplied with a first-clasa MACHINE PRESS, And therefore has -SUPERIORl Facilities for Printing ALL KINDS OT Legal Blanks, Stock Certificates, Programmes, Bill-heads, Posters, Cards, , Envelopes", letter-heads, Invitations, Tickets, etc., Neatly and. to Order OLD TYPE, SUPERIOR TO BABBIT METAL for boxing, for sale at The Citizen office. a ) f S. Silveri Tucson, A. T. J San Francisoo. e. iv. Fisaa & co., NEW GOODS. CHEAP GOODS. WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALEHS IN EN ERA L MERCHANDISE, TUCSON, A. T., Arq constantly receiving lartre and com plete assortments of goods,J consisting of GROCERIES & PROVISIONS DRY GOODS, CLOTHING, HATS and CAPS, BOOTS and SHOES, FANCY GOODS and STATIONERY, QUEENS WARE, HARDWARE aud CUTLERY, LEATHER, HARNESS, FARMING TOOLS and GRAIN SACKS, ; And the choicest brands ot WINES, LIQUORS, TOBACCOS, AND CIGARS. All bf which we offer at unprecedentedry LOW PRICES FOR CASH. Give us a call and be convinced that our goods are of the best quality aud as cheap is can be bought ot any nouse in tue Territory. PINE LUMBER and SHINGLES forsale. PARLEY and CORN, In any quantity, at lowest possible rates ja4-tf Established in 1SG5. NICII. BICUAltD, I I WH. BTCnAKD, San Francisco, j 1 Sanford, A. T. W. BICHARD & CO., SANFORD, Pima County, Arizona Territory, W EAIERS IN GENERAL u MERCHANDISE, And keep always on hand; A Complete Stock of Every Article Required by Merchants, Farmers, Hotels, Saloons, Station-Keepers, miners, Mechanics and Families. Our Goods arc Selected Especially for tlic Trade of Arizona, All of which wc will sell cheap for cash or exchange tor WHEAT, BAELEY, BEANS AND COEN. Also Proprietors of the PIONEER FLOURING MILLS, Sanfokd, Pima Countt, A. T. We Manufacture the finest and best quality of Four in the Territory, which wc will supply to the trade and citizens at LOWEST CASTI PRICE in 100 lb. and 50 Tb. sacks. Quality guananteed. Lib eral allowance to the trade. Orders solicited for FLOUR, CORNMEAL, PiNOLA SEM1T1LLA, GRAHAM FLOUR AND BRAN. Sanford.June , 1872. DAVIS & KELSON, CONGRESS STREET, TUCSON, ANUFACTURERS AND DEALEHS IN jf Tin, Brass and Sheet-iron Ware; Also Stoves oi the best patterns. 13vcry Description OF.... Tin, Sheet-iron ware and Stoves 13 sold on terms to suit the times. "Orders solicited aud promptly filled. TVT B. CONNECTED WITH till, iiliuvi. .......1.1: . 1 . s SfttfC?i A. 1 1 special department for the Repair antl Cleaning of W -A. 0? OH IBS, CLOCK1S, "Etc.. DEte. &5T"Stcncil work solicited and executed to suit customers. All work warranted as represented. 24tf E. N. FlSII. S SlLVEKBEHG. Tucson. San Francisco, Jos. Collingwood, Florence. En U. FIS H & CO., MAIN ST., FLOEENCE, A. T. Wholesale and Rotall - -DEALERS IS" General Merchandise. HAVE constantly on hand a large and well selected stock of Dry Goods, Clothing, Boots and Shoes, Groceries Provisions, Liquors, Cigars and Tobacco, Hardware, etc., which we will sell at the very lowest prices. We have, also, nay and Grain, constant ly on hand to supply the Public. 5-tf. PEED. BERTH0LD, Trcs Alamos, Arizona, Dkaler in g-E N E R A L ERCHANDISE, Have constantly on hand a well selected stock of DRY GOODS, GROCERIES, PROVISIONS, LIQUORS, IOBACCO, and CIGARS, Etc., Etc.. WHICH I offer for sale at lowest poasiblo prices, i havo also II AY anil URAIN on hand to supply the traveling public. Als a most excellent well of water to accom modate the public. ap5-6m C. T. HATDEN. X. G. FLOUKNOY. C. T. EAYDEU & CO., WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN Every Variety or IVI E XI C II .-V N D I S E MAIN STREET-, T i o s o n , .A. . rJC . no -tf WATER DEIIYEBED. THE PEOPLE OF TUCSON are reminded that MARTIN TOUHEY Delivers Clerr, Fresh Spring1 Wa ter once or more a day, at a Very Moderate Price. He is as punctual as a clock, and deliver at hours to suit customers. Call upon him for water and particulars. mrJo-tf Shaving Saloon! Congiesb atreet first pole above Pioneer rtews uepoi. WORK IN THE BEST STYLES AT reasonable rates, such as Shaving, Shampooing, Hair Cutting. Best Bay um used, ltf SAM'L BOSTICK. Pine Lumber! THE SANTA RITA SAW - MILL CO. are now prepared to furnish all Kinds or T .it ym 1 n.T at the Lowest Prices and of the Very Best Quality ever offered . this Parties wanting any m - t,,:tnrc 0 please leave their orders at the store o Messrs. E. N. FishA Co., and they wiH bo promptly filled. BLANKS IN CURRENT USE BY Justices of the Peace are kept ready printed at The Citizen office, and for sale at moderate prices in cash.