TUCSON, PIMA COUNTY, A. T., SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 20, 1873.
PUBLISHED EVERT SATURDAY.
One C'jpy, one year,
)ne Copy, six mouths
Twelve lines in tine type, one sq. j
One square, twelvd lines, one time . 00
Each subsequent insertion lj
Professional cards, per month 6 00
Plain death noiicce, free. Obituary rc
Tirks in prose, $3 per square; in poetry,
?2 50 per line.
Business advertisements at R c d u c c d
Rates. Office south side Court-house
Plaza. JOHN WASSON, Proprietor.
Authorized Agents fob Tiie Citizen:
W. N. Kellcy, newsdealer at Prescott,
has The Citizen for sale.
L. P- Tisher, 20 and 21 New Merchants'
xh:'.tjse, is our authorized Agent in San
Francisco. , , ..
Schneider, Grierson & Co... .Arizona City
E. Irvine & Co Shms.
H. A. Bfcelow will receive and receipt
for T.ioney for Thk Citizen at rrcscun
T.jrn- Oor. Stone and Convent Sts.
J. C-HANDY, M. D..
Corner of Church and Convent.
CCXLES BASH FORD,
Attorney at Law,
Will practice in all the Courts of the
J. ID. McCAFFRV,
Attorney at Law,
1". S. District Attorney for Arizona.
Office on Congress street. ltf
JL. C. HUGHES,
Attorney at Law,
Office on Congress street. my4tf
HOWARD & SONS, & 1L. DENT,
ATTORNEYS and counsellors at law,
Los Angeles - - California,
Legalization of Mexican titles especially
attended to. Address,
Volnky E. Howakd & Sons, Los Ange
les, California. Juno 14, ly.
CHARLES O. BROWN,
Dealer iu Imported
Wines, Liquors and Cigars,
Tucson, A. T.
HOUSTKEE & LUBBERT,
Rkcetving and Forwarding Mer
chants, Guaymas, Mexico.
OFFER THEIR SERVICES TO THE
Merchants of Tucson and to all who
uia.v to avail themselves of the short
est "and cheapest route for transporting
MERCHANDISE from San Francisco to
Arizona via Guaymas. Nothing shall be
wanting on our part to insure quick dis
patch. Note. We are agents lor the CLARK
CIGAR, Manufactured in Guaymas and
SUPERIOR to all others manufactured on
this Coast, ORDERS SOLICITED.
Q. w. Cues ley. J. S. Jones.
G. W. CKESLEY and CO.
Importers and AVholesalo Dealers
2?ine Wines and Liquors,
c un d tj ra k o o bitter.
No. 414 Front street, San Francisco, Cal,
and 51 Front St., Sacramento.
Special attention will be paid to the
trade in Arizona.
E. N. Fish. S .Silverrerg.
Tucson. San Francisco,
Jo3. Collingwood, Florence.
E. W FISH and. OO ,.
MAIN ST., FLOltENCE.
Wholesale and. Retail
HAVE constantly on hand a largo and
well selected stock of Dry Goods,
Clothing, Boots and Shoes, Groceries
Prnricinnc T innnra PifriirS tmd TobaCCO,
Hardwareetc, which we will sell at the
very lowest prices.
"ft e have, also, Hay and Grain, constant
v v . hand t n supply the Publ ift -5-tf.
IiAW DIVINE AND HUMAN.
Professor, bear with me awhile.
My thoughts a true, lirst cause are iceking,
For laws 60 Rood in peace you smile
So poor when earth with crime is reeking.
My 6on, I am most proud to guide
Tour mind to truth; your very asking
An answer to a want so wide,
Is proof of Truth, black crime e'er tasking.
The law but tries to reach the goal
"With human power and human reason,
While round us and beyond the whole,
Sy parts is wrought the Truth in season.
'Twas many a year aso I lived
In Mexico. There reigned but anarchy.
Torn from that which they first believed,
No Truth had since built up a Monarchy.
While tree from evil spirits, they
But strive to find their tables daily ;
And then at night, to harps, their way
Is joyously to dance and gaily.
The gambling booth holds fast its sway
With these true children of the sun ;
Between their games and dances softarray,
,The weak are frequently undone.
This loss at first begets despair,
Then follows quick the cold resolve
To plunder those caught in their lair ;
(Their losses with their crimes absolve.)
Success may crown their first essays:
Then bolder grow they, thus succeeding,
Till iron-bound in guilty ways
They harden, law, nor truth, nor church
Well, in this town where then I dwelt,
One robbery was followed by another;
Then murder came, at midnight dealt,
The olden causes, gold and lust its brother.
An honest man, to all most fairly known ;
His wile, so true and fair and youthful,
And 'siainst their well earned honor none
Could speak one word and still be truthful.
Stark lay these two there once so true
In the pale, cold light of early dawning.
His lace to eartn, witu Dioouyraaucuumij
Hers, bruised and marred, could give no
A rude, barbaric, thorny stave
The two fair citidels had broken ;
By murderous blow with none to savo
They died, against their Cain no token.
But God within his great, true realm,
Ordains both antidote and evil :
The murderer's hopes of gain o'erwhelm
His care and now in gold they revel.
For sec, he fills his hands with gold
And diamonds, gems there brightly glis
tening; He dabbles his feet in blood, grown bold,
For none, (forgcttinc God,) are listening.
TTk nun's tlm door his hands are red :
He steps upon the sill; the tell-tale, gory
Imprints there leit irom wnicn is reau
The fearlul, ghastly, hellish story.
And oil to his harlot he creeps
Khi o nimn.r irnnwa nniifrtir. n il 01 resmiir:
Blood-stained, scared, into her bed he
The darkness each corner with horror in
And there he is found ; for when the trutl
Was known tnrougnoui tnat souiuern vu
When grey-haired sire and 6talworth youtlj
Did learn, not liate nor love, dui pinage,
TTnri wnrlrcn the death of true and fair.
There rose a sound first faint strength
L.IKC mutieiiugs II u ill tuc a mil,
Increasing slowly, siowiy, sureiy growing.
And fiercer grew the swelling foice,
Ana louaer sun tuu iaiM ciowuuu6,
wsti. Ff!nti Btrnntre to each, all hoarse
With mystic passion, with ire appalling.
Its arms reached out and quickly caught
The trembling wretch, with clutch TH
A dark, long mark obscured the night ;
The moon lit up a face Satanic.
Now, mark my son, this rude, fierce force
Which I can see your soul' 6 now fleeing,
is father oi all our lawe me auun-
Maternal, human judgment being.
Until that judgment weak can make
Uur human laws just as ineiaws uiuou,
The source of all our law will take
This power, thus "to set allthingseven.
"What a wonderful thing love is to
a woman ! How it helps her to Know
that, snrnfi one is alwavs fond of her ;
that rejoices when she rejoices, ana
that sorrows when she errieves ; to be
sure that her faults are loved, and
that her face is fairer to one, at
least, than faces that are far more
beautiful that one sroat heart holds
her sacred in its innermost recesse3
above all women! She can do
anythiug, be anything, suffer any
thing, thus upheld.. She grows pret
tier nnrlpr t.he sweet influence, brighter.
lrinnW nfrnno'er. and life seems but a
foretaste of heaven ; and all of her
dreams are .golden.
FROM TUCSON TO GRANT.
Road and RanchMountain and Val
leyPueblo vlcjo hat is ana
What May be.
"Wo have been furnished by Gov.
Safford with the following interesting
items relative to the eastern part of the
Territory through which ho has re
From Tucson to Camp Bowio the dis
tance is about 110 miles and is one
of the best natural roads in the Ter
ritory. Twenty-five miles east of
Tucson the Cienega Station is reached ;
it is owned and kept by James Doug
las and good accommodations are
given to man and beast. This is one
of the best 6tock ranges in Arizona
but until recently, on account of the
hostility of the Apaches, it was folly
to attempt to keep stock near this
Station. Two stages were taken in
69 and '70 and all on board were
murdered, and several trains havo
suffered the same fate while others by
hard fighting were saved. A German
family, with the exception of a small
boy, was murdered near 'hero in 1868.
The boy was made a cipiivi! and was
subsequently ransomed by Col. Ilgas.
In 1870 a soldier placed here as a
guard was shot in the door, and sub
sequently the Apaches attacked and
took the station killing two of the
three inmates, Mr. Smith making
his escape by stealing away at night
Twenty-five miles further on, the
San Pedro is reached. The Station is
kept by Jacob Schaublin and his ex
cellent wife. A bettor station cannot
be found in Arizona nor two more
worthy persons. If they had been
paid according to the risks they have
taken and the work they have done
they would have been rich long ago ;
but they are cheerful and apparently
contented and Arizona would be hon
ored and benefitted if we had thou
sands more of such excellent families
Three soldiers are still loft hero as
guard. Thirty-five miles further on,
Sulphur Springs are reached, where
there is a very good station kept by
Mr. Eogers. Until recently the Chi
rioahua Agency has been at this place,
but is now removed to the San Simon
sy beyond Bowie.
In passing over tho read from the
San Pedro to Sulphur Springs almost
every foot is marked by some scene of
violence. Prom the Dragoon Moun
tains Cachise and his men could see,
from either way, trains and travelers
as thev"anproached the pass. It was
at this point that the lamented Col
Stone and five others fell victims in
1869. Twenty-five miles from Sul
phur Springs Camp Bowie is reached
It is located in a pass in the Chirica-
hua range of mountains, in a most
excellent grazing country, and is con
sidered very healthy. Tho post is
well built and pleasaptly located.
Maior Sumner of the 5th Cavalry
is in command and Capt Haskell of
tho 23d Infantry is stationed here
wit.Vi his Companv. Dr. Pruman has
charge of the medical department,
but complains that he has but little
to do. All these officers have sensibly
brought their wives with them and
thev all seem contented and happy and
make every one feel so who visits
them. Prom Camp Bowio the road
leads near tho San Simon valley fifty-
five miles to Pueblo Viejo. This
valley is about 30 miles in width and
extends from some distance in Mex
ico to the Gila river. It is covered
with tho most nutritious grasses and
affords most excelent pasturage for
stock. Pueblo Viejo is located on the
Gila about 35 miles above old Camp
Goodwin; it takes its name from the
extensive ruins of old Aztec towns
and cities that are found here. It was
once the centre of a dense population ;
trace3 of their irrigating ditches,
artificial lake and palatial houses
can yet be seen. Less than a year
ago a company was tormea in iucson
to take water from the Gila to irrigate
these lands : last Juno an irrigating
ditch was completed so that a few
settlers were enabled to pianc crops
and the result of their labor has been
most encouraging. They have 100
nf lioans and one hundred and
fifty acres of corn planted, besides a
large variety ot vegetaDies. .ail
that they have put into tne ground
has done remarkably well. With
little or no cultivation the corn stands
from 12 to 18 feet high and ono stalk
often carries two and three ears. One
pumpkin, only partly grown, meas
ured live leet in circumierence anu
wnnld iwnbablv weierh 100 pounds,
and there were many others about as
large. If the valley receives acces
iImi tn ifs Timmlation. as it is ex
pected it will, the company intend to
increase the capacity or tne uitcu so
that all that may come can have
nlontv nf water: and any one who is
willing to worn cun seeuiis uu uiicicoi
Tw his labor at cost price. There is
not yet a woman in the valley and
the men there are very aesirous ior
families to come and make homes
with them and if young ladies
ahnnld o.nma also thev need not
Inner wait far a husband and an in
terest in a farm, should they desire
such an investment. 'lhere are two
nthpr pmnnanifis takintr out ditches on
the river ; one five miles above the
present ono aud the other five miles
ahnvn nld Camp Goodwin, where
Hooker and Hines once had a farm
which nroduced corn cnual to the
Wabash vallev. In addition to agri
cultural advantages of this valley it
in n. miwt (vrniulent exazinar section
and is considered perfectly healthy.
It is expected that in four years more
the Texas Kailroad win De compieieu
across the continent, and it is quite
sure to run down the Gila. Then a ,
farmer can leave his home and go to
Nrw York and back in about a week
and to San Prancisco and back in less
Prnm Pueblo Vieio to old Camp
Goodwin the distance is about thirty
five miles. The road runs down the
vallev of the Gila which is from one
to eight miles in width and the most
of it is of tho best quality of Agri
cultural land. Over a large portion
of it mesquite wood grows in abun
dance and tho trees are now loaoea
with beans. On the right of the road
the Gila courses its way, lined on
either side with a dense growth of
cottonwood, and on the left Graham
mountain rises high above the clouds
covered with forests of excellent pine.
Old Camp Goodwin is now deserted
and it would have been far better for
the service and for tho reputation of
Arizona it it had never oeen locaiea.
It is situated three miles from the
Gila, surrounded by a swamp tho
malaria from which generates fever
and the garrison while stationed here
was constantly sick, which rendered
the soldiors useless and gave Arizona
a bad name, when in fact the cause
was local and three miles either way
from this fever hole the country is as
healthy as can be found on the globe.
Thanks to Gen. Crook all such un
healthy posts have been abandoned
and we predict now that tho health
of the troops in Arizona will comparo
favorably with any Btate or territory
in the Union.
. From Goodwin to Camp Grant the
distance is fifty miles over a rolling
country covered with excellent grass
and offering superior inducements for
stock raising. Grant is beautifully
located at tho southern base of Gra
ham mountain, overlooking the Sul
phur springs valley and Cachise's res
ervation to tho south with Graham
mountain rising highly above on the
north. A more beautiful location can
hardly be imagined, while all the
material such as wood, timber, water
and grass are at band, iherostis
in finnimn.nn' nt Maior "Win. H. Brown
and is now beintr built under the
Superintendence of Mr. B,uck, the
post trader. The appropriation so
far. fnr Viiiildinc this post has only
been 17,500 and the work that ha3 (
and is being oono wnn tms amaa
sum is truly remarkable. Cominis
carv huildiuers. a larsre cuard house
and" the adjutant's office have beem
completed. They are
granite .and are bum Zd? the
mSt of government funds,
would have exhausted the appropria
tion. The commanding officer's build
ing, made oi granite ano oi suin-
ciently imposing appearance to be
creditable if located on Montgomery-
street, is fast approaching completion.
Officers' buildings made oi granite
are fast going up. The soldiers quar
ters are being built of adobes and will
bo completed within six weeKS. About
this camp there does not seem to be &
single idler ; from early morn until
dark, officers, soldiers and citizens vie
with each other in seeing who can do
the most work, and so orderly that
one would suppose that the camp was
composed of one large harmonious
family. Not a sign of dissipation is
apparent. Mr. 5uck nas a well se
lected stock of goods at the post,
which ho sells at reasonable rates.
He is a live man and seems to feel
more interest in helping to build up a
post and in assisting Arizona gener
ally, than m accumulating money ior
himself. Major Brown was organ
izing a scout to go after some strag
gling Apaches who have recently
been giving some trouble. He has
proved himself to be one of General
Crook's best aids. He took with him
twenty friendly Apaches, headed by
Captain Chiquito, Archy Mcintosh,
Gen. Crook's old scout, Marehilda,
Jose Maria and Antonio; the three
latter are Mexicans but were made
captives at different times when boys,
and hence understand the country,
the language and habits of the Apa
ches to perfection. The stories of
their captivity and life among the
Apaches would be interesting, but in
this connection there is not room to
mention it. Before leaving, Major
Brown called his guides together to
consult about the plan oi campaign.
TTo tnld Cant. Chiouito that he de
pended much upon him, that he knew
the country and tne iipacnes uiey
were going after, and mainly on his
skill and management did he depend
for success ; that if he, Chiquito, was
in New York and they were to go to
gether alter bad white men he could
undoubtedly guide him so as to find
them, for he know the trails and
haunts of white men there, but now
that he was in his country he de
pended upon him for this assistance.
Chiquito said that those Indians were
a common enemy; that Gen. Crook
and Major Brown were the true
friends of all good Apaches ; that he
should stand by them and do all he
could to capture or kill those who
would disturb the peace. Ho then
said that before he left he had a little
domestic matter that he wanted to
speak about, which was giving him
some concern. Some months agp he
had purchased a squaw from a neigh
boring band and had paid two cows
ior her ; that subsequently the band
had demanded an additional consid
nrnfinn and he ?ave them some more
presents ; but he found finally that he
could not satisty tnem ano ne nau re
fused to give more. Now that he was
going away he feared that they
would come and steal her away, and
hn. wanted Mai- Brown to see that she
was protected and cared for in his ab-
sence. yyuicu tuo imijui uiccu
rln. Chimiito. nrior to tho purchase
of this 6quaw had three besides, and
according to Apache custom no wu
compelled to cut off the n.ose of one of
them for infidelity a fef&onths ago.
which is an evidence that a plurality
of wives does not always bring con
tentment, and also, that the wild un
tutored children of the forest have
their love troubles as well as the
more civilized lords of creation.
From Camp Grant to Tucson the
distance is 104 miles. The first 40
miles is over a high table -country
covered with grass, then by a gradual
descent for 20 miles to tho San Pedro.
At this point there is quite a farming
settlement ; about 800 acres were
planted this year; the land is pro
ductive and has been cultivated for a
number of years past. The Indians
have been very severe on this settle
ment, having murdered one fourth ot
the population there m 1869. But
during the past year, with one excep
tion they have had no trouble, and
the poor farmers wno nave neretoioi o
lost everything are now beginning to
accumulate, and feel much encour
aged with the hope that the darkest
Jay has passed.
From the San Pedro to xucson me
distance ;3 fiftv miie, the first twen-
! ty-five miles over a rolling grassy
country to the (Senega, which te.
1 ready been mentioned-
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